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boUcd puddin' tbrowed in ! "

**Yc»; we've got it finer." And he took down a piece of
oaKco, and nnrolled a yard or two of it on the counter.

•• That's not this shade," I said

" No," said he. " The goods is finer and the odor's better,'*

*' I want it to match this, I said.

'* I thought you weren't particular about the match." said the
salesman. " You said you didn't care for the quauty of die
^oods, and you know you can't match goods without you take
uito consideration quality and color both. If you want that
quality of goods in red you ought to get Turkey red."

I did not thitik it necessary to answer ttus remark, but said :

**Then you've got nothing to match this?"

*'No, sir. But perhaps the|Y may have it in the upbalatoy
department| in the sixth story.

So I got in the devator and went up to the top of the house.

" Have you any red stuff like thist " I said to a young man.

**Red stuff? Upholstery department,— other end of diis

I went to the other end of the floor.

" I want some red calico," I said to a man.

''Furniture goods?" he asked.

"Yes," said 1.

" Fourth counter to the left "

I went to the fourth counter to the left, and showed my sam-
ple to a salesman. He looked at it and said :

" You'll get this down on the first floor— calico department"

I turned rn my heel, descended in the elevator, and went out
on Broadway. I was thoroughly sick of red calico. But I
determined to make one more trial. My wife had bought her
red calico not long before, and there must be some to be had
aomewhvre. I ought to have asked her where she bought it, but
I thought a simple little thing Kke that could be bought anywhere.

I went into another large dry-goods store. As I entered the
door a sudden tremor seized me. I could not bear to take out
that piece of red calico If I had had any oiher kind of a rag
about me— « pen-wi|>er or anything of the sort— I think I woula
have asked them if they could match that.

But I stepped up to a young woman and presented my sam-
ple, with the usual question.

" Back rc^m, counter on the left," she said.

I went there

" Have you any red calico like this? " I asked of the lady
behind the counter.

•* No, sir," she said, "but we have it in Turkey red.**

Turkey red again ! I surrendered.

"All right" 1 said, " Give me Turkey red."

••How much, sir? " she askrd

" I don't know — say five yards."

The bdy looked at me rather strangely, but measured off five
yards oT 'Turkey red calica Then she rapped on the counter
and called out •' cash ! " A little piH, with ydlow hair in two
long plaits, came slowly up. The lady wrote the nuinber of
yards, the name of the ffoods, her own number, the price, the
mount of the bank-note I handed her, and some other mattexa,

probably the cdor of my eyei, and the diicctiao and veloci^ of
the wind, on a slip of paper. She then copied all this in a Sltfe
book which she kept by tier. Then she handed die slip of
paper, die money, and the Tmkey red to the yeDow-haired gpri.
Tlus young girl copied the sfip in a little book she canied, and
then she went «wsy with the calico, the p^ier slip, and tbe

After a very long time,— during which the little girl prabably
took the goods, the money, and die dip to some cenuml dedc
where the note was received, its amount and ntmiber cn i ered
in a book, change given to the girl, a copy of the slip made and
entered, girl's entry examined and approved, goods wrapped
up, girl registered, phita coimted and entered on a slip of paper

branded somewhere on the cUld, and said process noted on •
slip of paper and copied in her book,— the girl came Co me,
bnnnng my change and the package of Turkey red calico.

I had dme fior but very little work at the oflke thataftemooo.
and when I reached home, I handed the package of calico so
my wife. She imrolled it and exclaimed :

" Why, this don't match the piece I gave you ! *

"Match it!" I cried. "Oh, no! it don't match iL Yon
didn't want that matched You were mistaken. Whnc yon
wanted was Turkey red— third counter to the left. I mean.
Turkey red is what they use."

My wife looked at me in amaaement, and then I detailed lo
her my troubles.

•• Well," sakl she, "diis Turkey red is a great deal prettkr
than what I had, and you've ffot so much ofit that I needn't
use the other at all 1 wish I had thought of Turkey rod

•* I wiah finm my heart you had," said I.


Rev, Grani JPowers, of Haverbill, N. H., rebuked
an ignorant preacher for exercising the office of
priest He replied : ** We are commanded to preach
the gospel to every critter." ••But," said Powers,
•'every critter is not commanded to preach the

** Never mind^ my diar^^ said a gentleman to his
wife, complaining of the mud. ** I have boots on.**
Another purchasing a cow was told that she kicked.
** Oh, that's no matter, the women-folks do the milk^
ing." Another, ** You need not boil the pot to-daj.
I shall not be at home to dinner."

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ScRiBNER's Monthly.

Vol. XI.

MARCH,. 1876.

No. 5.



Like all similar educational institutions
in the country, Trinity College owes its
existence to a disposition on the part of a
particular denomination to have a college
imder its immediate auspices. Recalling
the early history of the Diocese of Connecti-
cut, we learn that upon the consecration of
Bishop Seabury, the first bishop of the State,
the initial steps were taken toward the estab-
lishment of an institution of learning under
control of the Episcopal Church ; and as a
result of the measures adopted at a convo-
cation of the clergy held under him at East
Haddam, in February, 1792, an academy
incorporated with limited privileges was
founded nine years later, at Cheshire, Con-
necticut, and known as " Seabury College."
This academy was designed as a foundation
for an institution of highei: character, it
being proposed to expand and enlarge it
Vol. XL— 39.

into a collegiate body so soon as the State
should grant the required power. In 18 10
the Convention, at its annual meeting, made
an eflfort to obtain an enlargement of the
charter, and for this purpose a petition was
drawn up and presented to the G^eral
Assembly. At this time Congregationalism
was in the ascendant, and was of itself a
power, not only in religious, but in civil
afiairs, and there existed a strong feeling
against Episcopacy; so that, when the
bold effort to obtain a charter for the estab-
lishment of an Episcopal college was made
by zealous membois of the Church, a violent
opposition was brought to bear against it ;
and although the petition was well received
and passed by the Lower House, it was
defeated in the Council (Senate). Five
years afterward another effort was made to
obtain a charter, and a committee jvas

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appointed to prefer a petition if deemed by
them expedient ; the powers of this commit-
tee were continued for two years, after
which time the memorial was withholden,
as objects of vital interest claimed their atten-
tion, among which was the establishment 6f
the General Theological Seminary; and
this, together with the vacancy in the Epis-
copate, led the churchmen of Connecticut to
defer, for the present, the foimding of a col-
lege, and to wait for more auspicious times,
which seemed to have arrived soon after the
adoption of a State Constitution in 1818.
During the following year Bishop Brownell
was consecrated, and when this noble prel-
ate had fairly entered upon the duties of
his office, he bent his energies toward the
establishment of a Church college in the
Diocese, and made strenuous efforts to carry
out the project, the success of which had
been the hope of churchmen for years past
In 1822 a meeting of eighteen clergymen
was held at the residence of Bishop Brow-
nell, in New Haven, at which steps were
taken with a view to securing the desired
charter. Dimng this year the General Theo-
logical Seminary had been removed to New
York city, and this was one incentive to the
founding of a Church college in Connecti-
cut. A memorial was drawn up by the
Bishop, three clergymen and two laymen,
praying ** the General Assembly to grant an
act of incorporation for a college, with
power to confer the usual literary honors, to
be placed in either of the cities of Hartford,
Middletown, or New Haven." The claim
of the memorialists was a just and fair one,
as they asked for no exclusive privileges, but
desired to be placed on a footing with other
Christian denominations throughout the coun-
try, who had their own universities and col-
leges; and, as they looked forward to the
ultimate establishment of a literary institution
which should be under the guaidianship of
the Episcopal Church, they were desirous
that it should be founded in the State of
Connecticut, and called Washington Col-
lege. On the day previous to the presen-
tation of this petition, it is curious to
observe, as an historical fact, that the old
" test law," as it was called, of Yale Col-
lege, the first established institution of learn-
ing in the State under control of the Con-
gregationalists, was repealed. This law
compelled any one elected to a chair of
instruction in that institution to declare his
consent to the " Confessions of Faith owned
and* consented to by the Elders and Mes-
sengers of the Churches in the Colony of

Connecticut assembled by delegation at
Saybrook, September 9th, 1703." The par-
ticular time for this act of the corporation
repealing the severe law, was thought by
some to have been critically chosen, and to
have the appearance of an attempt to influ-
ence the mind of the Legislature against the
passage of the petition for a charter estab-
lishing a second college in the State, by thus
seemingly fi^eing Yale from the bias of its
sectarian influence. Be this as it may, the
day dawned bright at last for the Church,
and on the i6th of May, 1823, the charter
of Washington College was granted. The
report of the committee to which the peti-
tion was referred is something peculiar in
its way, and sets forth, by means of indirect
admission, the benefits which might accrue
to the State from the establishment of the
institution, in the statement that it " will in
no way be prejudicial to the great and
important interests of literature in the State."
At Hartford, where the General Assembly
was convened when the passage of the
charter took place, there was much demon-
stration over the event, the rejoicings of the
people finding expression in the firing of
cannon and tfie lighting of bonfires. The
amoimt of money requisite to secure the
provisions of incorporation was subscribed,
and in less than a year neariy $50,000 was
raised toward an endownaent, which was
obtained on the same plan' as that adopted
by the Fellows of Yale a century before,
offering the larger towns in the State the
privilege of fair competition for the location
of the college, and Hartibrd, being most
generous with her subscriptions, was adopted
as the seat of Washington College.

The site selected was a beautiful one, as
after years fiilly demonstrated ; the tract of
land embraced fourteen acres, having pecu-
liar natural advantages, not the least of
which was a piece of rising ground, with
gende slopes on either side, whereon the
buildings were located, and which was dig-
nified by the name of " College Hill." A
small river bounded the gtounds on one
side, and at that time gratified the wishes
of the students, whose taste inclined them
to boating before that pastime was reduced
to an exact science as at the present, and
rowing was considered more as a pleasure
than a labor. Thick forests were the near
neighbors of the college, and among them
undergraduates were wont to find sport, the
click of the gun, rather than billiard balls^
making holiday music in their ears. In
speaking of the grounds and surroundings

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of the college, it may here be remarked that
among the studies of what was known as
the partial course — an arrangement entered
into at only a few of the colleges — was
botany, to which very particular attention
was paid, and for practical advantages a


large tract of land in the rear of the build-
ings was laid out in a garden, and a green-
house was also built, and in time the grounds
became noted for the great variety of trees
and shrubs within their borders, mcluding
among the number many specimens of rare
Value ; but we are pained to say they are
now slowly disappearing, not by the wood-
man's axe, but under the keen edge of that
surer weapon, " modem improvement."

The erection of the buildings was begim
in June, 1824, and the work so rs^idly
prosecuted that they were ready for occu-
pation in the fall of that. year, when the col-
lege was formally opened, and instruction
commenced. Two halls only were at first
put up, styled respectively "Jarvis" and
** Seabury," the former fix)m plans by Solo-
mon WiUard of Boston, then a noted archi-
teety who numbered among his works
Bunker Hill Monument, and the latter from

the design of Samuel F. B. Morse, more
generally known to the public through his
connection with the electric telegraph than
by his celebrity in the profession of archi-
tecture. Both buildings were plain and sub-
stantial structures of modest brown- stone,
well and firmly built. Jarvis Hall was
designed for the accommodation of students,
and Seabury Hall, with its somewhat pre-
tentious portico supported by lofty Ionic
columns, contained the chapel, library^ cabi-
net, and other public apartments.

With Bishop Brownell, whose name and
memory are imiversally beloved and re-
spected, as first President, ably assisted by
a corps of instructors, among whom were
the Right Rev. A. W. Potter, now Bishop
of New York, and the late Bishop of New
Jersey, Right Rev. G. W. Doane, Wash-
ington College entered upon her career of
usefulness, and to-day ranks as one of the
oldest Episcopal colleges in the country, and
•the' only one located in New England. But
the attacks which had been made against
the establishment of a Church college were
not yet ended, although its doors had been
thrown open to the public, and a veritable
war of pamphlets arose. The controversy
upon the good and evil effects resultmg
from the foundation of a second institution
of learning in the State was most severe,
and the bitter feeling against the originators,
the aiders and abettors in the undertaking,
found vent in publications, which, at the
date of their circulation, and for not a little
time afterward, made considerable commo-
tion throughout the community. Not only
are "The Considerations Suggested by
the Establishment of a Second College in
Connecticut," and the " Remarks," — a series
of replies to the attacks, — important features
in the trials and struggles of the college dur-
ing its earlier days, but, as we now view them
through the mellow light of half a century,
they are historically valuable, and by their
over-anxiety, and groundless fears, are wont
to provoke a smile from the reader when
he learns that Washington College was
to " entail on distant generations a source
of implacable* feuds and jealousies." The
pamphlets were published anonymously,
and some of the papers defending the cause
are fine specimens of satire and argument-
ative wit ; but despite the opposition from
sectarian sources, and notwithstanding the
cold shoulder turned against her by the
State in refusing aid, which, with lavish
hand, was bestowed elsewhere, Washington
College maintained her ground, and, with





the donations solicited and received from
abroad, enriched her cabinet, and provided
apparatus for the philosophical department.
As time passed on, the cares and labors
of the Diocese increased, and, being enlarged.


called for a corresponding amount of atten-
tion, and thus, findmg that too great demands
were made, both by Church and college.
Bishop Brownell resigned the presidency,
of which, for seven years, he had been the
incumbent, ruling in his gende, but firm,
manner, and, by his thorough knowledge
and love of men, and by his kindly treatment,
bridging that gulf, which often seems ihi-
passable, between professor and student.

Rev. Dr. Wheaton succeeded Bishop
Brownell, and during his administration,
and through his personal influence, the
prosperity of the college was greatly ad-
vanced, and the institution received large
additions to its fimds fit>m members of the
Church. In after years this able President
left the college a large sum of money, a
portion of which was designed to form the
nucleus of a ftmd for the erection of a new
chapel, and, in addition to this gift, he also
bequeathed his private library, containing
many valuable editions of tiie English

In 1845 two important events occurred :
the change in the name of the college, and
the erection of an additional building; the
former was deemed advisable, fit)m the fact
that in various sections of the country were
institutions bearing the same name, and
henceforward the second college established
in the State of Connecticut was known as
Trinity College. It was a gratifying
mark of prosperity that its needs called for
increased facilities of accommodation, which

were generously met by subscriptions frm
the citizens of Hartford, and the reqmsile
fimds having been secured, ^' Brownell
Hall " was erected, in harmony and keeping
with the first dormitory block, and similaiij
planned The yeax i S45
was also maiiced by the
establishment of a chap-
ter of the Phi B«a
Kappa Society, whid^
was organized at William
and Mary CoDcge in
1776, and three jreai^
later granted charters for
the founding of the Mas-
sachusetts and Connea-
icut Alphas; the latter was
located at Yale College.
and in June empowered
a " well and truly beloved
brother" to found a chap-
ter at Trinity. The so-
ciety has prospered, and
has been regarded with
great favor, an election to its ranks being cod-
sidered one of the honors of the college cooxse.
At this time, and during the presidency of
Rev. Silas Totten, a charity fund raised b)
subscription throughout the Diocese was
established. This enabled the coUe^ to
give free tuition in the form of scholarships to
Uiose students who were worthy, and in need
of assistance. The same year was memon-
ble for the organization, by the Trustees, of
the "House of Convocation" and the
" Board of Fellows." The fonner OHisisted
of " the Fellows and Professors of Trinity
College, with all persons who have tecdi-ed
any academic degree whatever in the same,
except such as may lawfiilly be deprived of
their privileges," and its business is sacb
as may be delegated by the Corporation, the
governing body to'whidi belongs the supicBK
control of the college. The Board of Fdlows
consists of six Fellows and six junior Fellovs.
with the degree of M. A., appointed by the
Corporation, and to this Board is intrusted
the superintendence of the strictly academical
business of the college. Two Professor-
ships—one of Modem Languages azid one
of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy—
had already been established, and large
additions made to the general fiind, so titft
now the afiairs of the institution were in a
most prosperous and flourishing cooditioiL
The catalogue showed a long list of
names, not only of residents in and abott
the city, but fi-om distant parts of the comi-
try, and particularly firom the Sotttfa ; and ii

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is a noticeable fact that during the earher
years of the college it had more Southern
students in proportion to its numbers than
any other institution of a similar character
in the North ; and up to the time of the late
war Trinity College was a most popular
educational resort for Southerners, while
before it was scarcely over there were
indications that the liberal patronage ex-
tended to it in former years was to be con-
tinued, if not increased, in the years to

In tracing out a history like that before
us, and following it step by step, marking
the growth of the institution, noting its prin-
ciples of government, gaining an insight into
the aims and motives which actuate its being
and enter into its every-day life, a contrast
in the thoughts and feelings of fifty years
ago as compared with those of the present
time, is natural, and by no means devoid of
interest In the olden times young men
entering college were but transferred tempo-
rarily to the care and guidance of second
parents, and the protecting hand of Alma
Mater stretched out in their behalf was, if
we may judge fix>m the " Laws," large and
powerful. One of the prime considerations
in these old laws seems to have been great
care for the monetary interests of every
student, and not only was the time-honored
prevention against "extra or improper
expenditure by the students" carried into
operation, by placing all available funds
in the hands of the Bursar ; but in order to
make a purchase of any kind the student
was obliged to obtain from that functionary
a " permit" for the purpose.

While keeping an eye on the funds
intrusted, Alma Mater, with a disinterested-
ness pleasing to note, also remembered her-
self; and if she was weary with night-watch-
ing for the return of the loitering student at
the beginning of the term, she solaced herself
with the reflection that " he shall pay fifty
cents for each night's absence." In the
matter of government, the Tutors were placed
on a level with the Professors, and were
vested with authority to punish students by
private admonition and by "a fine not
exceeding one dollar;" and the last drain
upon the undergraduate purse was made at
graduation, when, in the term bill, he was
charged " one dollar and fifty cents for the
expenses of Commencement dinner," about
the sum now required to fee the waiter at
that annual banquet. The fact of a student
not being permitted to " sleep in his room
or lie down on his bed during study hours "

must have seemed a trifle severe, when we
reflect that during the summer term the
first recitation was at five o'clock in the
morning. In winter, however, the rigidity
of the law was relaxed, and the bell called
forth students at six o'clock, the recitation
being conducted by aid of candle-light,
which was a necessity to the successful
deciphering of Greek text. Probably as a
compensation for this unseemly early rising,
"bed-time" was put down in the "Laws"
at ten o'clock, and after half-past ten in
the evening no student was allowed to leave
his room. This, of course, antedates the
existence of " germans," fashionable frivolity
being then in its infancy. Had Booth, Miss
Morris, Colonel Sellers, the "Two Orphans,"
or Theodore I'homas made their appeals for
public favor at that time, we fear great temp-
tation would have been offered the student
to break that law which placed the theater
or any similar amusement without the pale
of recognition, and forbade attendance at
"any fesrive entertainment in the city of
Hartford or its vicinity."

This last prohibition must gradually have
declined in popular favor, until at length it
grew to be a mere letter, for not only was
the college represented at the theater and
at concerts in the city, but there are records
of entertainments given by the students
themselves, and in which they took an active

To give a sketch of the social life of the


college at this time, we must turn to the
flourishing days of the "Athenaeum," a liter-
ary society, founded with a view to culture
in extemporaneous debate and composition.

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and holding its meetings every Saturday
morning. The establishment of a second lit-
erary society, with similar aims, known as the
" Parthenon," served to create a wholesome
rivalry between the two, and in time led to
public exhibitions, the first being given by
the former organization in 1827, and con-
sisting of poems, orations, debates, and the
production of an original play. These exhi-
bitions, given alternately each year by the
literary societies, were well sustained, and

Online LibraryFrancis HallThe Century, Volume 11 → online text (page 106 of 163)