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answers to that of the Wood-thrush very accurately.
The song of the Hermit, has not the long pauses
which he notes ; neither is it liquid and sonorous,
but wild and ethereal.

The Wood-thrush also has the habit of singing at
noonday, which Mr. Flagg ascribes to the Hermit,
while the latter sings at twilight with the Veery. It
is not an easy matter to correct Nuttall in his de-
scriptions and identifications of the songs of our
birds, and Mr. Flagg errs in supposing Nuttall
means the Hermit when he speaks of the Song-
thrush, and of its note as the " sound of ai-iv-ee, pe-
culiarly liquid and followed by a triU."

We have not Nuttall before us, but we feel sure he
means the Wood-thrush. It looks also as if our
author had credited the Veery with more than his due ;
and as if he were really listening to the Hermit,
when he thinks he is hearing the mere simple flut-
ings of this bird.

Our author does Injustice to the Cow-bunting in
saying it has no song. Can it be that so good an
observer has never remarked in spring this bird
perched on the top of a tree with two or more
females in rusty faded black beside him, pouring out
at short intervals his peculiar liquid, glassy notes
with a motion and effort like that of a hen when she
lets the wind off her crop ?

Mr. Flagg speaks disparagingly also of the note



of the Redwing Blackbird, or Starling, saying it is
sharp and unmusical, and like the words chip^huree.
Though usually happy in rendenng bird notes into
syllables, he misses it in this instance. It has been
reserved, not for an ornithologist, but for a poet to
put the peculiar and musical note of this bird of die
meadows and marshes into a word. In Emerson's
•* May Day " occurs this line :

"The Redwing flutes his oJuh-U*^*

which, as is usual with him, is precisely the ' right
word.'"

Mr. Flagg advances a new theory in regard to the
drumming of the partridge or grouse, averring un-
qualifiedly that the sound is producMl, not by the
bird beadng the air and the log or rock with its
wings, but ** by striking the shoulders of his wings
together, over his back, as the common Cock fre-
quently does before he crows, and as the male
Pigeon does when, after dalliance with his mate, he
flies out exultin^y a short distance from his
perch."

This is contrary to the universal belief^ and, we
believe, contrary to the fact. The present writer
has frequently had a good view of the grouse when
in the act of drunmiing, and has never seen tl\e bird
elevate its wings sufficiently to strike them together
over its bade On the contrary, it beats its own
sides and breast after fully inflating itself. The
sound produced by the Cock or Pigeon striking
its wings together is a sharp snap, while the drum-
ming of the Grouse is a soft, muffled, hollow sound,
much resembling the whirr it makes in taking
flight

Since we are pidcing flaws in these pleasant pages,
we will remind Mr. Flagg that the Cicada or har-
vest-fly is not a nocturnal insect as he states on page
322, but rather a midday one, whose sharp, brassy,
whirring sound is very characteristic of the heats
of midsummer; and that the nocturnal ** piper" he
refers to and aptly styles *'the nightingale of in-
sects," is a ddicate, pale-green creature, closely
allied to the '^ Katydids." Its lulling, soothing,
monotonous refrain is a characteristic of late sum-
mer and early fall, as is the multitudinous piping of
the small frogs characteristic of the spring.

•*Qod'B Word Through Preaching."

The foundation of the Lyman Beecher lecture-
ship on preaching, at the Yale Theological Seminary,
has already resulted in three volumes by the Rev.
Henry Ward Beecher, which are of unequaled value
and practical usefulness. To these there is now
added a fourth, by the Rev. John Hall, D. D., of this
city. Dr. Hall's training and temper of mind and
spirit are in many ways completely unlike those of
his predecessor. He approaches Ws subject from a
different point of view. Mr. Beecher's preacher is
first, last, and all the time a man, and nothing but
a man, among men,— in no way different from his
fellow-men, except as his position gives him other
opportunities, and, therefore, other duties and priv-
ileges, than theirs. With Dr. Hall, the thought of
the ministry as a divinely appointed office in the



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study to give him counLge, and suggestion, and
example. The publishers are Messrs. Dodd & Mead.

Tba Bitde CommenUry. VoL V.

The general characteristics of the Bible Com-
mentary (Scribner, Armstrong & Co. ) have already
been noticed and need no further remark. The
compactness of it, however, receives a new illustra-
tion in the present volume, which, in the compass
of six hundred pages, gives the text and comment
of the books of Isaiah and Jeremiah, including the
book of Lamentations. The Commentary on Isaiah
is by the Rev. W. Kay, D. D., and is done with
scholarly care and devout appreciation. The Rev.
R. Payne Smith, D. D., the Dean of Canterbury
(whose presence at the meeting of the Evangelical
Alliance in New York, two years ago, will be well
remembered), is the editor of the rest of the volume.



TeniMr'a '^Btamenta of XoAlogy." *

Nothing can quite take the place, in the teaching
of natural history, of the animals themselves, alive
or dead, to be handled or dissected. But, next to
this, what is in most cases the only alternative, is a
judicious profusion of good pictures. This virtue
alone would rank Professor Tenney's work very
high as a text-book of natural history for beginners,
as well as for graduates from active learning, who
feel a need to refresh the faded outlines of one of
the greatest of sciences. Fortunately, we can go
further than this in praise. The author, with aU
the enormous weight of facts which press forward
to his pa^es, has been strong enough to select with
great discretion, and has been rewarded by being
always clear. The mooted points, about whidi great
scientific wars are waging, have been skillfully
avoided, the author's own opinions being nar-
rowed down to an occasional exclamation point,
which is not likely to prejudice the young learner
very considerably, either one way or the other.
What is most striking about the work, — after due
credit to the great quantity of ground surveyed, — is
the workmanlike tone of it. From man to Montra^
all is clear, solid, to the purpose, as if the Professor
stood by the blackboard, and in a few pithy sen-
tences told his listening class the salient characters
of the animal he had just sketched. Another excel-
lent feature is the number of illustrations giving the
internal economy of men, beasts, birds, and fishes,
and, in the first chapter, the remarks on tissues.
Fossil species are hardly touched upon more than
to recognize their existence, and, occasionally, their
relation to living animals. The text accompanies
the illustrations in just sufficient amount to interest
and stimulate the learner without wearying him.
We can imagine few courses of lessons more pleas-
ant than zoology, under the auspices of Professor
Tenney*s book.



Christian Chmxh, of the preacher as an officer with
formal credentials written in his own text-book, is
the thought which comes naturally first in order.
Each of these two lecturers would accept the other's
views on this point, no doubt ; but they would not
hold them wi^ the same emphasis, nor in the same
proportion.

Dr. Hall's great success as a Biblical preacher,
and his large experience in ministering to people
of very various sorts, give to his lectures (which,
of course, are, in great measure, the result of his
own experience) an immediate value. It is a note-
worthy fiwrt, that men of very little culture have
Hstened with gladness and widi profit to tiie same
sermons which crowd the fashionable churdi in the
Fifth Avenue ; and that the gospel, as Dr. Hall
preaches it, is simple, plain, and practical to an
unusual degree. A man of whom such diings can
be said is a good man to teach our young ministers
*how to do it," — and one from whom his brethren
of maturer years may be glad to learn. It may
easily be true that to the majority of men, such
teadiing will be more useful than thtt which a
more brilliant man would give ; for the majority of
men, trying to be brilliant, will miserably fail, while,
if they try to be simple, plain, and practical, they
may be useful and successfid. This fburth volume,
Aerefbre, of the Yale lectures on preaching is wel-
come to its place in homiletical literature as a book
of standard and permanent value. Messrs. Dodd &
Mead are the publishers.

"PreachiDf without Notes.**

Probably the invitation to the Rev. Dr. R. S.
Storrs* of Brooklyn, to give a series of lectures on
extemporaneous preaching, to the students of the
Union Theological Seminary, in this dty, was sug-
l^ted in part by the success of the Yale lectures.
But, however that may be, it was an invitation whidi
has brought forth a result for which the Church and
the world may well be thankfuL Dr. Storrs has
long been known as a man of the highest culture,
and of commanding ability. It is only within a few
years that he has come to be known as pre-eminent
among preachers in extemporaneous discourses —
or, to use the phrase whidi he prefers in the tide to
his little volume, in ^ preaching without notes. " He
gives, with much frankness and freedom, the reasons
which led him, a few years ago, to adopt this meth-
od ; and he sets forth with great force and vivadty
the advantages of it, and the conditions of success in
it. The lectures are three in number, but they are
full of suggestion; and cover, with a good deal of
oomj^eteness, the special topic to which the lec-
turer restricted himself. They were listened to with
great admiration by an audience made up not only
of the students of the Seminary, but of ministers of
various denominations and professional men of dif-
ferent callings. Just now there is great interest felt
in this style of preaching. If any young minister,
or any who is not young, would like to try it, or
wishes that he (|ared to or could learn how to, —
this is the book whidi, of all others, he should



* Elements of ZoSIoKy. A Text-Book, by Sanborn Tenney,
Professor of Natural History in WiUiains College. New York :
Scribner, Annstroog & Ca



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CULTURE AND PROGRESS.



A Sheaf of Juveniles.

Those of ns who have reached the noontime of
life must sometimes sigh over the wonderful litera-
ture that comes too late for us. The books and
pictures for young folks, like everything else in
these modem times, show the marvelous advance
which art and invention have made. To us, who
remember the slender resources of children's libra-
ries, in a fur-off boyhood, the plenteous and glitter-
mg " juveniles,^' as they are called, of the present
time seem like the realization of a fairy dream.

Elach season outdoes its predecessor. The holi-
days of 1875 will put the book displays of last year
to the blush. For example, here are two or three
works that combine, in rare fashion, all of the best
qualities of literature for children. What would
the youngster of 1825 have thought of this new and
sumptuous edition of Mrs. Mary Mapes Dodge's
** Silver Skates ? " Imagine, if you can, the delight
and awe with which Peregrine White, celebrated as
"the first white diild bom in New England," would
have hung over the illuminated pages of Mr. Horace
E. Scudder's " Doings of the Bodley Family," or
Frank R. Stockton's "Tales Out of School." Of
course, human fancy cannot possibly picture the
amazement and bliss of an Elizabethan urchin fin-
gering these delightful books. Clearly, a great many
children, now frosty-haired and wrinkled, were bom
too early in the history of book-making.

Mr. Scudder has won an enviable reputation
among those who demand that, since of making
books there is no end, those for the children should
be wholesome, hearty, and pure, if nothing else.
But his work is something else. Even the " chil-
dren of larger growth" scan the broad pages of
"The Bodley Family" with a fresh sensation of de-
light, and with some kindling of the old fire which
warmed us when, as boys, we read the bright stories
and imperishable ballads of English literature. The
author has dbne well to introduce into his How of
every-day life, some of the best classic verse of other
times. Old and young together will be glad to see
here such prime favorites as " The Hunting of the
Cheviot," "The Pied Piper of Hamelin," and " The
Story of the Little Rid Hin," brought in naturally,
and without appearing to be "lugged in by their
ears," for the delectation of the little folks. Kurd
& Houghton have brought out this book with taste
and skill. The illustrations are admirably selected.
The effect of the different varieties of cover-linings,
silhouettes, and colors is very attractive.

" Hans Brinker, or the Silver Skates," has such
a firmly estabVshed reputation* that the profusely
illustrated edition of the book just published by
Scribner, Armstrong & Co., will be received with
applause and satisfaction. Mrs. Dodge has made
this story one of her brightest and most limpid
of realistic tales. Its current flows like a living
stream ; the characters have warmth and humanity.
Moreover, the nameless something which we call
"tone" is so healthful, that each reader is sure to
rise from its perusal with quickened impulses for
good.



Very few American books, certainly none so
unambitious and modest as this, have received in
foreign lands the cordial welcome given to Mrs.
Dodge's artistic story. " Hans Brinker" was written
for American young people with the purpose of giv-
ing them correct information about life, manners,
and art in Holland. But the book has been re-
produced in several European languages; and
the youthful Hollanders delightedly read "Hans
Brinker" in their own native language. This new
American edition outshines all others issued in this
country in the beauty of its typography and the pro-
fuseness and spirit of its illustrations, — which are
identical with those accompanying the latest French
edition. Right here we ought to say that the same
publishers have brought out a new and less expen-
sive edition of Mrs. Dodge's now fiunous " Rhjrmes
and Jingles." The capital pictures are all here, and
these most original and diverting of rhjrmes for
children are presented in handsome form. But, by
the exercise of judicious economy, the book is made
more accessible to the multitude of little folks, who
will hang over its pages with delight

We have seldom seen such a successful eiq>eri-
ment in combining amusement and instruction as
Mr. Frank R. Stockton's "Tales Out of School"
The title is felicitous. The tales, at least some of
them, might be told in school, but in a different and
less attractive fashion. We can fancy that the
youthful scholar would find descriptions of extinct
animals, strange birds, trees, and flowers, natural
wonders and queer people, very dreary in a school-
book. But Mr. Stockton has a marvelous knack at
putting even commonplace facts into such a setting
that the dullest reader must needs be interested.
As in his clever " Roundabout RamUes," the au-
thor (or authors, for we notice that, as in other
books, the pen of Mrs. Stockton has also been
brought into requisition) is discursive. His £uicy
and his explorations alike vault lightly " from China
to Pern;" and they always bring back something
good from the various fiur countries thus visited.
Most sensible people revolt at the idea of adminis-
tering knowledge to children in the disguise of
amusement Usually, attempts to impart substan-
tial information in this surreptitious manner, as a
dose of castor-oil might be smuggled into a spoonful
of jam, are dismal failures. Mr. Stockton makes
no sudi base pretension to skillfril imposture; his
"Tales Out of School" are honest and well-told
stories about things we all ought to understand.
Yet, these are not wholly matter-of-fact narrations.
Scattered through the book are some mythological
tales, fairy stories, and fimdful sketches. Of these,
"Bron and Kruge," a legend of the Rhine, and
"Cari Hojcr and the Water Lady," are notably
good. They are the work of a fertile and refined
imagination ; and the capital story of " The Jolly
Cabordmen," will amuse everybody who reads it
Nothing so funny as this has been imagined in a
long while. The adventures of this queer race are
none the less diverting for the subtle purpose which
underlies their history. The book is broad-paged,
handsome to the eye, and liberally interleaved widi



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CULTURE AND PROGRESS,



297



good picttires. It is published by Scriboer, Ann-
strong & Co.

Yet another candidate for the sufirages of the
jTonng world of readers is Mrs. D. P. Sanford's
** Frisk and His Flock," published by E. P. But-
ton & Co. Numberless little folks remember with
delight "Pussy Tiptoes* Family" by this author,
and they will welcome a new story from the same
pen with enthusiasm. Mrs. Sanford is evidently in
lull sympathy with her subject The sayings and
doings of the young people who figure in this dainty
book are fresh and naturaL One may well suspect
that real children have furnished some of the mate-
rial so defUy handled by the author.

The London "Academy.**
Another, and a very bright and solid one is to
be added to the links that already bind the social
and Hterary life of England to the social and literary
life of America, in the establishment among us of
"The Academy," a London weekly journal long
known and trusted in a too small circle on this side
the water, but now, we hope, to become the familiar
guest of many American homes. The editor and
manager of •• The Academy" is now in this country,
and has been actively engaged for some weeks in
looking over the whole field and finding for himself
what are the prospects for a successful campaign.

For our part, we sincerely wish his enterprise to-
day may thrive. ** The Academy " represents in its
own special field the best thought of the time. What-
ever the most poetic, the most scholariy, the most
scientific, the most humane persons are thinking on
the moving questions of our own day, gets expres-
sion in the liveliest and most earnest manner in
these pages that come to us once a week from over
the ocean, and make us sharers in a life not indeed
alien, but still another than our own. The very
names of the writers for <* The Academy " — and it is
the rule that all the leading articles and all the corre-
spondence shall be signed with the writers* names —
are interesting to read. Here Lord Houghton writes
on literature ; W. M. Rossetti and F. T. Palgrave
write on art; E. B. Tylor and Prof. Huxley on
science. C. R. Markham, Secretary of the Royal
Geognq>hical Society, edits the Travel department.
Here we find J. A. Sjrmonds the accomplished author
of the *« Renaissance in Italy,*' and of "Studies ** on
Dante and on Italy and Greece ; Colonel G.Chesney,
author of the "Battle of Dorking,** on milita^
subjecU; G. A. Simcox and Miss Edith Simcox,
and Miss Cobbe, who write on social subjects, and
with the force of earnestness, and G. Saintsbury,
with reviews of literary and historical works that
show wide reading, and independent judgment of
men and things.

The Correspondence of "The Academy" is a
branch of the enterprise carefully looked after,
and the letters of M. Philippe Burty, from Paris,
on the world of fine arts there, are valuable,
not only for their fullness, but for their catho-
licity. Some admirable articles have appeared in
"The Academy'* from the pen of M. Albert R^ville;
and M. G. Monod and M. Etienne Coquerel keep



us informed of the social and literary movements in
the world of Paris.

The writing about art in "The Academy," — about
fine art especially so called, and also about the
dramatic art and music, is, as it seems to us, par-
ticularly good. Indeed, a person must read the
musical reviews of Mr. Ebenezer Prout, and Mr.
Frederick Wedmore*s dramatic criticisms, whether
he care about music and the stage or care nothing
about them. There is no better writing on these
subjects anywhere. In its philological reviews, too,
"The Academy** b espedally rich. Here Mr.
Fumivall, Mr. Skeat, and Max MiiUer write, and
make a subject that in most hands is dry as the
" remainder biscuit " lively, because talked about by
live men.

" The Academy ** has now correspondents at
Washington, New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Chi-
cago and San Francisco, and reporters for all the U.
S. Government Exploring Expeditions, the Weather
Signal Office, the Fish Commission, and the Centen-
nial Exhibition.

If we cannot have such a journal as "The
Academy" of our own make, and we cannot, it
seems, or we have not, then we must welcome the
foreign one — or, no, not foreign, the day has long
gone by when anything English could be reckoned
foreign — the journal from over-seas, and try to
make its circle of American fiiends as wide as hos-
pitality knows how.

French and Qarman BoOka.

Das Wattarilied wrtUutschi von A, V. SchefeL
Illustrirt von Alb. Baur. Small folio.— We do not
lode to Germany for the light hand, but Schefiiel is
an exception among Germans. He it is who has
contributed to the students' 8ong-bo(^ various
whimsical songs, like that beginning :

" Es rauscht in den ^Ka/'t»>«»ft«p|in<*n
Verdftchtig leuchtet das Meer
Ec schwiouBt nut Tbi&ncn im Auge
Eia Ichdiyonnnu dnher."

In translating monk Eckehard's Latin version of
diis exploit of Walter of Aquitaine, Scheffel has a
more serious work before him, but here his comic
vein stands him in good stead. It has preserved him
from that very same heavyhandedness which seems
inevitably to befall German writers when they
approach the great landmarks of thdr literature.
Enthusiasm so fires their souls that art, with its
necessary quota of consciousness, takes flight But
Scheffel has remained genial, while striving to iden-
tify himself with the national feeling that produced
the German epics, and to feel the same childijih
delight in itixSxX tales of single combat under
mighty odds which warmed the hearts of the old
writers.

Although only extant in Latin, and possibly never
having existed complete in any other form, the Song
of Walthari of Aquitaine, or Spain, as he is some-
times called, takes rank in the Nibelungen cydus.
Those who have faithfully read that long epic
will remember how the fierce vassal Hagen has but
one eye, and how the Huns crowd around to see him



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when the princes reach Attfla's Coort. The Hmis
knew him because he had been a hosta^ widi them
when jovng; Walter was there at die same time in
the same capacity, and Hagen had hot one eye,
becaose the odier was de str o y ed by his ^dlow-hos-
tage Walter, as described in this song. For Hagen
had gone home to Worms beibre Walter resolved to
escape from the Hnns, whom he had senred as a
mi|^ty captain in , great battles, and to carry with
him treasure and the fiur Hildegnnd, another hos-
tage the Hans had taken from another nation.
Hagen's long attacks Walter on the way, and at
last compels Hagen to fight his friend with results
disagreeable to both. With sndi a national subject,
we cannot forbear to admire the discretion of Sdief-
fel's translation ; he has felt his subject well and
toudied it ligfady. Text, margins, capitals, and
illustrations are such as to make it a very attractive
present to a reader of German. (L. W. Schmidt,
24 Barclay street)

Lessm^s Werke: VoUstandig in 50 lieferun-
gen.— Admirers of Lessing who cannot afibrd to buy
at once an edition of his works will find remarkable
cheapness and excellence in this illustrated edition,
now finishing its puUication in installments. The
text is good and the editing carefuL Each Liefer-
ung, of about one hundred pages i2mo, may be had
for twenty cents. (SchmidL)

Donau-BulgarUn und der Balkan, i Band. —
Historisch-Geographisch-Ethnographische Reise-Stu*
dim, 1860-1875. F. Kanitz.

The recent excitement in and about Servia makes
the labors of Kanitz of sudden and great worth, for,
in his •* Servia,''— and this is the first of an elaborate
series on Bulgaria, — he has given a very thorough
examination to lands adjacent to the present seat
of rebellion, which will be pretty certain, in the event
of a general war, to become the theater for further



Online LibraryFrancis HallThe Century, Volume 11 → online text (page 51 of 163)