Francis Kingsley Ball.

A German drill book, containing materials essential to beginners in the study of German online

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htS mnXfiS tlOlt (Sltfllaitb ©r^Iog, «Ae ITin^ of England's castle.
htS gtogen @ri^iae?§* SBerfc, «/ie grreaf Schiller's works,

8, ^tvxn ^wfcffor ^loltur Sr^mibtiS^^ ^anS, Professor Smith's house.

Possession may be expressed by the dative with t)on : as
1. bic ^fittfcr ttott ^aviSf the houses of Paris, ^

1 Given names ending in an iS-sound have the genitive in Ctt^ • but
surnames and most foreign given names have an apostrophe: as hoft^
Voss's ; <BopfjofttS\ Sophocles' s (or Sophocles'). ' ' ^ '

2 As, B^mihtS fittb ^icr, the Smiths are here,

8 The genitive of the names of places ending in S is generally ex-
pressed by using t>on with the dative.

* When used with an article, a proper name is uninflected, unless it
depends on a noun that stands after it.



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A KEY TO THE CLASSES OF NOUNS



19



HOW TO DETERMINE THE CLASS OF A NOUN



NOUN



masculine?



feminine?



nenter?



monosyl-
labic?



polysyl-
labic?



monosyl-
labic?

polysyl-
labic?



monosyl-
labic?



polysyl-
labic?



List 1, below? Class V (17,2)
List 2, below? Class III (12,2)
List 3, below ? Class IV (13, 2)
If not, then Class II (9, i)
-c? Class IV (13, 2)
List 1, below ? Class V (17,2)
-tl, -ctt, -cr ? Class I (6, 2)
'turn? Class ni (12,2)
L If not, then Class II (9, i)

r List 4, below ? CUss II (9, i)
\ U not, then Class IV (13,2)
r abutter, Xotiittt? Class I (6,4)
A -niig, -fal? Class II (9, 1)
L If not, then Class IV (13,2)

List 5, below? Class V (17,2)
List 6, below ? Class III (12,2)
not, then Class II (9, i)

^ -tl, -tUf -cr, -e^cit, -Iciit, ®e— e ?

Class I (6, 2)
-ttii^, -fal? Class II (9, 1)
List 5, below? Class V (17,2)
List 6, below ? Class III (12,2)
L K not, then Class II (9, i)



rLi

J Li



List 1: Masctiline nouns in Class V (17,4): Sauer, ^a^hax, S^tnerj,
(Sec, @taat, 8traf)(, SSetter.

List 2: Masculine nouns in CUss 111(12,4): ©eift, ®ott, Setb, Tlam,
Drt, manh, 23alb, SSurm.

List 3: Masculine nouns in Class IV (14,3): mx, e^rift, giirft, ®raf,
^elb, §err, ^h% Tltn\d), man, Ddj^, ^rinj, Xox.

List 4: Feminine nouns in Class II (11, i): 5tngft, ?ljt, fSant, f&xant,
S3ruft, gauft, %iu6)t, 5rucf)t, ©an0, ^awh, §aut, ^raft, ^"u^, Shin% 2uft, 2uft,
mad)t, SDla^h, SSlau^, 92ad)t, ^ot, 9?u6, 6d}nur, etabt, ^:i^anb, SSuvft.

List 5 : Neuter nouns in Class V (17, 4) : ^uge, SBett, (Enbe, |)emb, Cr)r.

List 6: Neuter nouns in Class III (12,5): ^mt, 'iSah, S3anb, mh, S3Iatt,
SBrctt, SBuc^, 2)ac^, ^orf, Gt, g-acf), ga^, Selb, (5JeIb, ®emad)', ©emiit', (^6=
fcf)Ierf)t', ®eW, ©efpenft', C^Jeraanb', ®Ia§, (5JUeb, &xab, ®ra§, (5Jut, ^au^t,
^u§, |)ol5, §orn, ^ofpital', |)u^n, £aI6, tinb, f (eib, ^om, £raut, 2amm,
Sanb, 2id)t, Sib, Sieb, fiocf), Tlaui, Sf^eft, $fanb, JRab, 9tegiment', SRei^, SRinb,
Sc^ilb, 6c^Io6, ©c^roert, @<)ital', 2:al, £u^, -turn, »olf, 28am§, SSeib, ©ort*



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20



A GERMAN DRILL BOOK



ADJECTIVES AND THEIR USES

Not preceded by a biefer-word (2^), attributive adjectives and
participles take the strong endings of bicfcr (1,3), except that be-
fore a genitive singular ending in § they take Ctt : as,



good cold winter
gutcr falter SSiuter



Ctt

em


ejt
em


en


en


e


e


er


er


en


en


e


e



good old friendship
gute alte 8i^eunb'|rf)aft
guter alter greunb'fd^aft
guter alter Sreunb'jc^aft
gute alte greunb'fc^aft

gute alte tJreunb'fc^ften
guter alter gi^eunb'fc^aften
guten alten Srreunb'fcftaften
gute alte Si^eunb'fc^ften



good cold water
gute§ fatten SSaffer
guten fallen 38afjeriSJ
gutem faltem 3Baffer
gutei^ faltei^ aBaffcr

gute falte SBaffer

guter falter SSafjer

guten fallen SBaffem

gute falte SSaffer



cold, biting winter
falter, ft^net'benber SSinter
fallen, fd^net'benbcn SBtntetiJ
faltem, fd&nei'benbem SBinter
fallen, fcftnei'benben 3Sinter

falte, fc^nei'benbe ^Sinter

falter, fc^nei'benber SSinter

fallen, fc^nei'benben ^intern

falte, fd^nei'benbe SSinter



Preceded by a biefer-word (2^), attributive adjectives and par-
ticiples take the weak ending ctt, except in five forms in the sin-
gular (the nominative masculine, feminine, and neuter, and the
accusative feminine and neuter), in which they take c :



as.



this good old man
biefer gute alte 9}lann
bteje§ guten alten 3Kannei5
biejem guten alien Wlannt
biefen guten alten SJ^ann

biefe guten alien ^Wanner
biefer guten alten SKfiuner
biefen guten alien aWannern
biefe guten alien Wdnntt



the good old woman
hit gute alte &rau
ber guten alten Srau
ber guten alien grau
bie gute alle grau

hit guten alten Srauen
ber guten alten f^rauen
htn guten alten f^i^auen
bie guten alien f^tauen



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TBE INFLECTION OF ADJECTIVES



21



the large old house
ba^ gro^c alte §au^
bc^ Srofectt altctt $au|el
bent (jto^ett aitcn ^aufe
bai^ grofee altc §qu^

bie gro^ctt altcn ^dufcr

bcr gro^cit altcn ^dujer

bcii grofeen altcn ^aujcni

b'.c gro^ctt altctt |)dufcr



the old, dying hero
htt a(tc, fter'benbc .§elb
bci^ altctt, fter'benbctt ^elbctt
bctit altctt, fter'benbctt |)elbctt
belt altctt, fter'benbcit ^elbctt

bte altctt, fter'benbctt ^elbctt

bcr altctt, fter'benbcn $elbctt

bctt altctt, fter'benbctt |)elbcn

bte altcit, fter'benbeit |)elbctt



Preceded by a letn-word (3^), attributive adjectives and par-
ticiples take the strong endings ot bicfcr (1,3) in the three forms
in which fcin is defective (the nominative masculine and neuter,
and the accusative of the neuter; 3,2);^ elsewhere, they take
the weak ending en or e (20,3): as,



no good old slave
fcin gutcr alter Sflatie
fcinca gutcrt altcn 8flat)cn
fcincm gutctt altcn ©flabcn
feinen guten altcn Sftntien

leinc guten altcn Sflatoen

feiner guten altcn 8!lat)en

feinen guten altcn ^flatten

feine guten altcn ©flaucn



t?ieir good old mother
ifjxt gute altc aJcutter
i^rer guten altcn SJlutter
tl)rer guten altcn iD^utter
i^re gute altc 9Kuttet

itjre guten alten ilKiitter
i^rer guten altcn Wluntt
xixtn guten altcn 9)Jiittem
i^re guten altcn 9Jiiitter



your large old house your affectionate friend ^

S^r gro^e| altci3 ^au^ betn bid) lie'benbcr ?Vrcunb

S^rei3 grSBcn altcn |)aufe)8 beinciS bic^ lie'benben greunbed

S^rem gro{?en altcn ^aufc beinem bu^ lie'benben t^reunbe

Ql)r gtofeef alteg ^au§ beinen bic^ lie'benben greunb

S^rc gro^cn altcn ©dufer bcinc bic^ lie'benben J^-reunbc

S^rer grofeen altcn |)dufcr beiner bicft Ue'benben fjreunbe

Zijxtn gvogen altcn ^dufern beinen bi^ lie'benben greunben

Q^re gro^en altcn §dufcr beine bic^ lie'benben greunbc

^In these places strong endings are needed, to indicate gender and
case (1^).



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22 A GERMAN DRILL BOOK

the new Berlin stove the never-to-be-forgotten day

bcr ncuc iBerli'ner^ Cfen bcr nie ju t»erge|'fcnbc S^og-

bci3 neucii SBerll'ner CfeniJ bc§ nie ju t»ergef'fenbcii XagciJ

bcm neucn S3evli'ner Cfen bcm nie ju bergef'fenben 2:Qge

bcii neueti SBerli'ner Cfen bctt nie ju bcrgef'jenben Xac^

bic neucn SBerli'ner >&fen btc nie jn bergef'fenbcn Xagc

bcr neucn SBerH'ner fcfen bcr nie ju toergef'fenbcti 2:agc

bcii neuen SBerli'ner Cfen ben nie ju bevgej'fenbcn 2;agctt

bic neucii SBerli'ner i£fen btc nie 5U bergcfjenbcn ^agc

The cardinal numbers (26, i) except tin^f one^ are defective (cf.
3^) ; hence, attributive adjectives and participles following them
take the strong endings of bkfcr (20, i):' as,

1. ffittf gntc altc Scanner, five good old men,

2. filttf gutcr alter Planner, of five good old men,

3. ffittf gntcii aXitn SRattncnt, to ox for five good old men.

Adjectives and participles are often used as nouns; they be-
gin with capital letters; and they are inflected according to the
rules for adjectives (20, 1,3, 21,2): as,

1. Otttcr 3Wtcr^ good old man (20, i).*

2. biefcr %Viit SlUc, this good old man (20,3).

3. biefCi^ gtttCtt ^ttCtt, of this good old man (20, 3).

4. !citt gutcr 5l(tcr, no good old man (21,2).*

5. bcr Dlci^fcnbc, the traveller (masculine ; 20, 3).

6. bic Dlci^fCttbc, the traveller (feminine ; 20, 3).

7. bic Sici^fcttbctt, the travellers (masculine or feminine; 20,3).

1 Adjectives ending in cr derived from names of towns are uninflected.

2 When tvx^f one, is used as an adjective, it has the inflection of citl
(3,1), but is emphatic: as, nnr citt 9){ann, nur cine it ^lann, only one
man. For the use Of tin^ as a pronoun, see 36, i.

3 To indicate the case of a noun, gttici, two, and brci, three, may take
the strong endings of biefer (1,3) in the genitive and the dative: as,
Stucicr gutcr f^rcuubc, of two good friends (20, i).

* When preceded by an adjective with tlie strong endings, an adjective
used as a noun is inflected with the weak endings in the genitive plural, in
the dative singular, and in the nominative and the accusaUve neuter singular:
as, oltcr ,a5cfatttttctt, of old acquaintances: i^m al» altcm S3cfaitittctt ; fciit
Wint^ §ttgcrc*



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THE COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES



23



THE COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES, PARTICIPLES, AND ADVERBS i

Adjectives, participles, and adverbs are compared by adding
(c)r and (c)ft to the positive; the superlative, when predicate, is
in the dative singular neuter with am (= an bcttt, 2, 2) : as.



Bofe


wicked, had


bofcr


wickeder


am bofeftcit


wickedest^


ebe(


noble


cblcr^


nobler


am ebclften


noblest


mm


pretty


^iibfc^er


prettier


am ^iibfc^eften


prettiest


flat


clear, plain


flarcr


clearer


am flarftett


clearest


Imtt


loud


lauter


louder


am lauteften


loudest


Ueb


dear


Hebcr


dearer


am liebftett


dearest


nets


new


ttetter


newer


am neu(e)ftett


newest


mttb


round


mttber


rounder


am runbeften


roundest


ftolS


proud


ftolser


prouder


am ftolaeften


proudest


trttttrig


sad


tratttiger


sadder


am traurigften


saddest


The


following important


monosyllables have vowel modification 2»


in the


comparative and the


superlative:




art


old


alter


older


am filteften


oldest


arm


poor


firmer


poorer


am armften


poorest


bttittitt


stupid


bilmmer


stupider


am bilmmften


stupidest


fromm


pious


friimmer


more pious


am f rommften


most pious


f^axt


hard


garter


harder


am prteften


hardest


inn


young


iftttger


younger


am jiingften


youngest


Mi


cold


falter


colder


am ffirteften


coldest


Httg


clever


flitger


cleverer


am Hiigftett


cleverest


ftanf


sick, ill


frfittfer


sicker


am !rfin!ftett


sickest


Inn


short


ffirjer


shorter


am !iir^eftett


shortest


lang


long


Ifiiiger


longer


am (fingften


longest


na^


wet


ttfiffer*


wetter


am ttfiffeften*


wettest


tot


red


riiter*


redder


amroteftett*


reddest


fdjarf


sharp


fc^firfer


sharper


am fc^firfften


sharpest


^^md}


toeak


fc^niac^er


weaker


am f(f))tia(^ften


weakest


W»ar5


black


fe^»firaer


blacker


am fi^warseftett


blackest


ftarf


strong


ftarfer


stronger


am ftarffteit


strongest


ttiarnt


warm


lofirmcr


warmer


am tpfirmftcit


warmest



^ For adverbs, see 82. ^ As an adverb, wickedly, more wickedly, moat
mckedly, etc. ^ See 6'^. * Also without vowel modification.



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24



A GERMAN DRILL BOOK



Some adjectives and adverbs are irregular or defective, as in
English: as,



gut
naff



toe^iiig little

toc^itigc few
(in in)
(att5 out)



greats large grS^er greater

good iicffcr better

P^er^ higher

nafjtt nearer

mtf^t more

tttc^^rcre several

toc^ttigcr leas

mittber less

toc'tiigcr fewer



good
high
near
much



bcr inttere the inner
ber fittjcrc the outer



am grSgtett^
am beften
am Pd^ftett'
am nSc^ften
am meiftett
bie meiftett
am tuc^nigftett
im minbeftett
bie wc^tttfiftett
bcr innerfte
ber fiu^erfte



greatest

best

highest

nearest

most

the most

least

In the least

the fewest

the inmost [most

the outmost^ ut^



The positive degree has three uses :

1. As attributive adjectives or as nouns, always inflected : as,

1. ^^x 0tttCi3 altCi^ ^an^, your good old house. 21,3.

2. filnf gutc alte Wl'dnmtf five good old men, 22, 2.

3. bicfcr Ottte $(ltc, this good old man, 22,3.

2. As predicate or appositive adjectives, never inflected : as,

1. bcr altt ^ann tft gut the old man is good.

2. Mittber, grog nnb netn, licfcn auf ber Strafe, children^ large and

small., were running in the street*

8. As adverbs, never inflected: as,

1. '^xt %Xfm fittgt ft^iiu, the woman sings beautifully.

The comparative degree is used like the positive :

1. As attributive adjectives, or as nounS;, always inflected : as,

1. ettt griigercr, filtercr ^naht, a larger, older boy. 21,2.

2. btc SJcfferctt arbeiteu, the better people work.

2. As predicate adjectives, never inflected : as,

1. bicfCiS ^an^ ift filter, this house is older (or rather old, or too old).

3. As adverbs, never inflected : as,

1. bie IJratt fiugt fi^Ottcr, the woman sings more beautifully.

iFor grBfeeften* ^^hen 4 is followed by a vowel, the stem has no
C : as, eitt ^jD^cr ^axm, a high tree.

8 When ^ is followed by a consonant, the stem has t*



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THE USES OF ADJECTIVES



25



The superlative degree has three uses :

1. As attributiye adjectives or as nouns, always inflected, like the posi-
tiye and the comparatiye : as,

1. lithfttx S3rttber, dearest brother, 20, i.

2. bcr fd^dnfte ©arteit, the prettiest garden, 20, 3.

3. biefcr S3attltt ift ber bcftc,^ this tree is the best.

4. er tint fein S3efte^ getan, he did his best, 22,3.

2. As predicate adjectives, in the dative singular neuter with am (=
mtbent, 2, 2): 2 as,

1 . fie ift am fi^ditftett, she is most beautiful*

3. As adyerbs, in the dative singular neuter with am (= ait bem, 2, 2)
or in the accusative singular neuter with au^2 (= anf ba§, 2, 2) : ^ as,

1. cr fittgt am fd^onfteit, he sings most beautifully (of all).

2. cr fittgt attf§ fd^dnfte, he sings most beautifully (in the most beauti-

ful manner, without comparison with others).

Among the important adjectives are the following;*



attcitt^


alone


fertig


done, ready




befannt'


known, acquainted


feft


fast, firm




bcrft^mt^


famous


ffeigtg


diligent




breit


broad


frci


free




bli!


thick, stout


fremb


strange, foreign




brittgenb


pressing


freunblic^ friendly


«


buttfel


dark


ftif*


fresh




e^rllc^


honest


m


glad




eigcti


own, peculiar


fr3«Uc!,


joyful




etttslg


only


W


early




Cttg


narrow


fttrc^tbar


fearful




m


first


furc^tfam


timid




faul


lazy


gettttg^


enough




fcrtt


distant


gewir


sure, certain





1 bcftc is attributive to the noun S3aum understood.

2 One superlative adjective, allerliebft^, is uninflected : biti^ SJilb ift ja
aKerUebft ! why, this picture is most charming I

* Compare the forms of comparison :

1. cr ift alt, alter, am altcftcn, he is old, older, oldest,

2. er ift bcr altt, ber fi(tere, bcr Mttftt, he is the old man, the older, the

oldest,

* Use this lidrt and those at 23, i, 2, 24, i, in inflecting nouns (See 7^).



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26



A GEBMA2T DRILL BOOK



qtMwm


risual


reif


ripe


gretdi


like, similar


xtxn


clean


nlMlidi


happy


ne^ttg


right, correct


golben


golden


f^Icdit


bad, poor


grilit


green


fdinea


quick


IiefHg


violent


f«Bti


beautiful, pretty


Iieiltg


holy


fe^rcrflii^ terHble


Dctfi


hot


fdjtpcr


heavy, difficult


4ea


clear, bright


ft«er


safe, sure


itetrltf^


splendid


m


still


fleitt


little


fai?


sweet


fofrtar


precious


ta^fcr


brave


fii^I


cool


teucr


dear, costly


la^m


lame


tief


deep


lattgfam


slow


tot


dead


(ccr


empty


ttrctt


true, faithful


leic^t


light, easy


ktoll


full


ruftig


merry


toa^r


true, real


mcit^ttg


mighty


toa^rfc^e


W\\^ probable


indgUf^


possible


m\^


white


offctt


open


m\i


wide, far


pvad^^Q


splendid


win


worth


rei^t


right, just


toitrbtg


worthy


mt^


rich


gttfric^beti contented




THE NU


QIERALS


'


Cardinal Numbers^




Ordinal Numbers


1 citti§2 o^e




bet, bie,


ba§crftc8 thefirst^


2 5Wcii «ioo




bcr, bie,


bai^ fits^txit the second


3 brcii




bcr, bic,


U^ brtttc*


4 titer




bcr, bic,


baig tiicrtc


5 f tttif




bcr, bic,


baS fiittfte


6 fec^^




bcr, bic,


H^ fec^fte



1 When not followed by a noun, the cardinal numbers of one syllable
may take the strong endings of bicfcr (1,3): as, c§ flttb uitfcr filttfc, there
are Jive of us; attf attctt tiicrcn, on all fours, gttJCi and brci may take the
strong endings before nouns (22^. ^g^^ 22^, 36, i. ^Irregular.

* Or erftcr, c, c§, first (20, i), etc. To form the ordinals 1-19, tc is added
to the cardinals (in ati^tc one t is dropped) ; after 19, fte is added.



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THE NUMERALS



27



7 PcBeit


htt, hit, ha» {lebente


8 ac^t


ber, bte, ha§ ad^tt


9 nenit


htx, bie, has ntnntt


10 jelitt


ber, bie, had ^tf^ntt


11 elf


bcr, bic, ba§ clftc


12 stoBIf


bcr, bic, baig gtoiirftc


13 brctjelitt


bcr, bie, bajg brcisc^ntc


14 tiiersc^tt


ber, hit, haS bierae^ttte


15 filttfseliit


ber, bte, ha» fanfae^nte


16 fci^ac^iii


bcr, hit, has \ttii^tfintt^


17 ftcl»5e!|tii


htv, hit, bag ficbac^tttc^


18 ac^t^e^tt


bcr, hit, has at^tsc^ntc


19 nettttae^ti


ber, hit, haS nettttae^ttte


20 swanatg


bcr, hit, has stoansigftc


21 eitttmbatoattatg^


ber, hit, has eitttmbsmanaigfte^


22 stoet»itb§toaitsi9


ber, bie, haS attiemnbatoattaigfte


30 breigtgi


ber, bie, ba^breigigftci


40 btcrjig


ber, bie, haS uterstgfte


50 filnfsig


ber, bie, haS fiinfsigfte


60 fci^sigi


ber, bie, bai^fcr^aigftc^


70 ftcBatgi


ber, bie, bai^fiebaioftei


80 ar^taig


ber, bie, haS ac^iaigfte


90 ttCttiistg


ber, bie, haS neitnaigfte


100 (cttt)*itiibert»


ber, bie, haS ^unbertfte


101 (ettt)^ttitbert »ttb etitd«


ber, bie, haS fiunhtti ttnb ^rfite


200 stoci^iittbcrt


ber, bie, haS a»ei^ttttbertfte


1000(ciii)tattfettb»


ber, bie, haS tanfettbfte


1001 ta»fettb nnb dn9


ber, bie, haS tattfettb »nb irfte


1904 (ein)tattfenbttetttt4ttitbert


ber, bie, haS taufenbneun|unbert»ttb


»itb bier or ttettttae^tt^


tiierte or neunse^u^iittbert


^itttbcrtttiibbier'


unh tfitttt


2142 s»citaitfettbein5ttiibcrt-


ber, bie, haS ah»eitattfettbetn^ttttbert»


Stpcittnbbiergig


gttieittttbiiierjigfte


100000 (eitt)^imbcrttaitfctib8


ber, bie, haS ^ttnberttaufettbfte


1000000 cine muion'


ber, bie, haS mimon^fte



* Irregular. ^ cill (not ein§) is used before another numeral.

* ^unbert = a hundred, taufenb = a thousand ; tin t)uubert = one hun-
dred, tin tan\tnh = one thousand. And so in compounds ; as, the year
iP(?(7 =eintaufettbnettit4itnbert (or nettttae^n^uttbert) ; a thousand nine hun-
dred (of anything) = taitf ettbtteun^»nbert*



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28 A GERMAN DRILL BOOK

X Nouns denoting weight or measure^ except feminine nouns end-
ing in tf are put in the singular number. The nouns denoting the
material weighed or measured are generally uninflected ; but, ac-
companied by an adjective, they take the case of the preceding
noun or the genitive : as,

1. m^x ®(a« faltcS SBaffcr (or Mttn SBoffcrS), two glasses of cold water,

2. mi jtpci ®Iai5 foltem 3Baf|cr, with two glasses of cold water.

3. §ttiei Xaf\tn ^affcc, two cups of coffee.

4. je^ntaitfettb "Sflann stt gfttj, ten thousand foot

2 From the cardinal numbers are formed three kinds of words :

1. The cardinal adverbs, by adding mal, time: as,

eiit^md, once; ^mtVmai, twice; toil^fcttbttld, a thousand times.

2. Uninflected adjectives denoting kinds of^ by adding er(ci : as,

Stuei^erlet ^)yfel, two kinds of apples,

3. Adjectives denoting foldy by adding fai^ {compartment) or falttg
{fold), 20, I, 3, 21, 2 : as,

etn'fac^^ simple ; ettt'faltiger OWcnfc^, simpleton.

3 From the stems of the ordinal numbers are formed two kinds
of words:

1. The ordinal adverbs, by adding cilS : as,

tx^tVL^, first; jtticitcn^, secondly; ^ti^nitn^, tenthly.

2. Fractions (except ^oI6,i half), by adding tcl or fjcl:^ as,

bai^ ^rittcl, the third; tint filnftcl 9Jlcilc, a fifth of a mile,

A The days of the week, the months, and the seasons : *



ber (Sotttttag


Sunday


ber ^ottner^tag Thursday


ber aKotttag


Monday


ber fjreitag Friday


ber ^ictti^tag


Tuesday


ber Sotttt^obenbl ^ ^ ,
ber SamStag* f^^^^rday


ber mxiivo^a^


Wednesday



1 When used as an adjective, ^alb is inflected : as, eittc ^oIBc Stnnbe
half an hour. In compounds, it is uninflected: as, anbertftolb, one and a
half (half of the second) ; britte^alb, two and a half (half of the third) ;
bierte^ftl^f three and a half.

2 In numbers 3-19, it\ is added to the cardinals (in oc^tel one t is drop-
ped) ; after 19, fte( is added, tel = %t\\, part : cf . ** deal."

« In general, the days of the week, the months, and the seasons take
the definite article; but see 29, 2, sentences 11-16. * Chiefly Southern.

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EXPRESSIONS OF TIME



29



bcr gc^bruar
bcr 9War5
bcr ^pviV
bcr a)2ai
bcr 3tt^tii
bcr ^n^li
bcr 3ltt0ttft^



January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August



bcr September
bcr Oftobcr
bcr 9?o»embcr
bcr ^cscmbcr
bcr ^rut)Una
bcr (Sommcr
bcr ^crbft
bcr Winter



September

October

November

December

spring

summer

autumn

winter



1. totcntcl U^r ift t^? what time is it?

2. t§ ift ciita (or citi U^r), swci (or gtoci U^r), it is one (or one o'clock),

two (or two o'^clock),

3. td toirb in ciwcr SWinutc {tcbcn fciit, in one minute it will be seven,

4. ^§ ift fce^)8 9}Htttttctt tior (nai^ or iibcr) aiX\i, it is six minutes of (past)

eight,
, 5. tS ift ciit 9$icrtc( oitf brci, it is a quarter past two (a quarter toward
three) ; t§ ift brci tiorbci, it is past three,

6. c§ ift ^olb brci, it is half past two (half of three).

7. Ci^iftbrei iSicrtcI auf brci, it is a quarter of three (three quarters to-

ward three).

8. ttm micnicl U^r gc^t bcr 3«5 flb ? at what time does the train go f

9. bcr 3ttrt flc^t ittti nctttt U^r swaitjig ah, the train goes at nine twenty,

10. mcitic U^r gc^t stoci 9)JitttttCtt tior (ttai^), m2/ i/jaic^ is two minutes

fast (slow),

11. S^crlin, ^ontag, ben 4. (or ben 4tctt) ;3<ittttar 1904,^ Berlin, Monday,

4 January, 1904,

12. wamt toirb cr (jc^cn ? ^icitftag^^ when will he go f Tuesday,

13. wamt ift cr gcgangctt ? am ^icttftofi,^ when did he go f on Tuesday,

14. Hon ^llittnioc^, ben 6* (= fcc^ftcn) bii^ @onnabcnb, ben 9. (= ncnntcn),

from Wednesday, the 6th, till Saturday, the 9th,

15. 8(i^i0er mnrbc ant 10» (= s^^ntcn) 9Joticmbcr 1759 sn Wlaxhad^ gc«

borcn, Schiller was born on November 10, 1759, at Marbach.

16. im ^af^xt (to be read fo nnb fo), in the year blank,

17. im ^afjVt 18 — ,' 184-,* in the year eighteen blank, eighteen forty

blank, *

18. wtitf^tn Xa^ fiobtn ttiir ^cnte ? what day of the week is it?

19. ben tt>ie»icUcn f c^rcibcn wir ^cnte ? what day of the month is it f

1 Used in dating a letter.

2 The accusative is better for future time, the dative for past time.
«18— ■= ae^tsc^ntjnnbcrt fo nnb fo^

<..*184-== ad^tsc^n^nnbcrt in ben S^iergigcm*



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30



A GERMAN DRILL BOOK



PRONOUNS
The Personal and Intensive Pronouns





I


you{thou) you


he she it


N.
G.
D.
A.


ittcitt(cr)'
mix


I
^ of me
to or for me
me


btt«

bctti(er)2
hit
bid,


cr fic c5
fcin(er)2 i^^er fcitt(cr)2
Urn* i^r* iftm*
i^it* fte* c§*


N.
G.
D.
A.


ttiir
ttttfer


we

of us

to or for us

us


cttcr 3ircr
ctti^ ©ic


Urcr i^rcr i^rcr
i^nett* i^iicn* iftticit*
ftc* fte* fTc*



The uninflected intensive pronoun, fclBft, «e(f, is used for emphasis in
all genders, persons, and numbers: as, ber ^aifcr felbft, the emperor
himself; felBft bcr ^aifer, even the emperor.





The Reflexive and Reciprocal Pronouns (61, i)




myself


yourself your-
{thyself) self


himself herself itself


G.
D.
A.


mein(cr)2 of myself


1 3 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

Online LibraryFrancis Kingsley BallA German drill book, containing materials essential to beginners in the study of German → online text (page 3 of 19)