Copyright
Francis Wharton.

Wharton and Stillé's medical jurisprudence .. online

. (page 35 of 36)
Online LibraryFrancis WhartonWharton and Stillé's medical jurisprudence .. → online text (page 35 of 36)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


and bleak as Northumbria, while at Pamplona, though the sun
shone gratefully, his warmth was marred by a biting wind.

A parched-looking, sterile country separates the capital of
Navarre from Burguete, a small village on the Spanish slope
of the Pyrenees just tmder the Roncesvalles Pass, whither we
were botmd. Outside Pamplona, a single polyglot, or icterine
warbler was observed, together with the following other
species : — redstarts, tree-pipits, woodchats, ortolans, goldfinch,
linnets, yellow-hammers, and chaflinches ; and on the road to
Burguete were added: — grifEon vultures — doubtless from Yrur-
zun — Bonelli's eagle, red kites, one marsh-harrier, hoopoes,
black redstarts, white wagtails, bluethroat (white-spotted
form), robin, willow-wren, swallow, ring-ouzel, stonechat,
wheatear, calandra lark, buzzard, kestrel, and grey partridge.

At Burguete, between April 17th and 2l8t, of raptores
observed, with the exception of occasional kites, the buzzard
was the conuuonest hawk, and already had eggs. Tawny owls
had feathered young, but, beyond house-martins breeding in
the crags, no other species appeared to have commenced to nest.
In the beech woods around Burguete six species of tits were
common, viz., the oxeye, blue, cole, marsh, long-tailed and



Digitized by



Google



SPRING-NOTES IN NAVARRE. 465

crested. The last-named has a pretty rippling note, quite
unique in its way. Nuthatches were numerous and clamorous,
and green woodpeckers (? sp.) were noted. Amongst the box-
scrub, fire-crests were common, with dippers and sandpipers
on the streams ; while, scattered about in the woods and hills,
we came across wryneck, wren, white and yellow wagtails, pied
and spotted flycatchers, turtle- and stock-doves, serin, gold- and
bull-finches and carrion-crow. Above the Roncesvalles convent
on April 20th, in a grey mist and drizzling rain, numbers of
golden orioles, tree-pipits, skylarks, swallows, stock-doves and
other common birds were picking their way northwards on
migration ; and a single spectacled warbler was obtained. This
species has very active, sprightly movements, and a robin-like
gait when hopping on the ground.

On April 21st we journeyed, via Orbaiceta, to a forest-
guard's house in the great Iraty forest, observing en rotUe
grey wagtails and choughs, Egyptian vultures and ravens, the
latter nesting. The change from the beech woods of Burguete
to the endless spruce-fir forests of Iraty proved disappointing.
Doubtless Ficus martius breeds here, for we saw woodpeckers'
holes which, from their size, could belong to no other species ;
but not a sight either of this bird or of the nutcracker
rewarded our careful search. Bonelli's warbler, with its rather
shrill, monosyllabic note, abounded wherever the nature of the
ground suited its habits, but had not yet paired ; nor could we
ascertain that any other species were yet breeding. The
hedge-sparrow here was of a noticeably paler cast of plumage
than at home — perhaps explained by the altitude; while at
Burguete, the chaffinches were visibly brighter in colour, and
we also detected a striking difference in the song of yellow-
hammer and some other species, as compared with English
birds — possibly the mysterious beginnings of evolution. On
the way back to Burguete, a sedge-warbler and a lovely
specimen of the wall-creeper — ^the only one we saw — ^were
obtained.

During our six days' absence, a considerable influx of
migrants had occurred at Burguete, as evidenced by increased
numbers of pied flycat<;hers (mostly males), woodchats and
black redstarts. Blue-headed wagtails (if. neglecta) were
running on the grass about the horses' feet, and, though the
bird has been given specific rank, reminded me strongly of if.
cinereocapilla, which I knew well in Lapland in 1884. During



Digitized by



Google



456 WILD SPAIN.

a two hours' ramble before breakfast on April 25th, just before
leaying for home, the following were observed : — sparrow-hawk,
a pair of snipe, magpies and jays, one heron, a pale blue
harrier and a golden eagle.

Our short experience in Navarre is conspicuous more for
what we did not see than for what we did. Extensive forests,
thicklj-grown, without underwood, and in a mountainous
region, are not favourable to bird-life. Such places lack
rabbits for the raptores, and are deficient in insect-food for
the warblers and other small species, while the absence of
marshy groimd explains that of aquatic birds. April is,
however, — at any rate in such seasons as that of 1891 — quite a
month too early for ornithological research in Navarre.



Digitized by



Google



457



SUPPLEMENTAEY NOTES ON BIEDS.
(SOUTHERN SPAIN.)

The following remarks relate to certain species which have
come under our observation in Spain, but which have not been
included in the text : —

Black-winged Kite (Elantis caendeus, Desfont). — Rare: a
pait observed near San Lucar in April. The male fell to a
long shot, but rose again and escaped.

Sparrow-hawk (Oavilan), — ^Most numerous in winter, but
some remain to breed.

Merlin (Eamerejon). — ^In winter only.

Lesser Kestrel (PrimiUa). — One of the commonest birds in
spring and summer, nesting in swarms in the towns, on
churches, &c., and on the ruined Moorish watch-towers.

Osprej (Aguila pescadora). — Frequently observed on Guadal-
quivir and other large rivers : breeds.

White Owl (Lechuza), — ^Abundant and resident.

Brown Owl. — Scarce in south : one shot in December.

Long-eared Owl (Bujo), — Eare in Andalucia: the young
have been obtained near Granada. More plentiful in Castile
and Biscay.

Short-eared Owl (Caraho), — Li winter : often very numerous.
While partridge-shooting on the plains, we have noticed five or
six on wing at once. Ado capensis we have not met with.

Kingfisher (Martin pescador). — Most numerous in winter:
especially so in Portugal.

Wryneck (Torce-CMello). — Li wooded sierras — March.

Mistle-Thrush (Oharla), — Chiefly in winter, but breeds in
higher sierras ; have seen eggs taken near Tangier.

Dipper (Pechi-hlanco, Tarda de agua). — Resident on moun-
tain-streams, but relatively scarce in the south.

Hedge-Sparrow. — Li garden at Jerez in January.

Wren (BatiUa). — Common and resident ; nests in sierras in
March.



Digitized by



Google



458 WILD SPAIN.

Fire-crest. — In pine-woods ; resident.

Tree-Creeper (Trepatroncos), — Resident ; nests in the wooded
sierras in April. It is also known as Aranero, i.e., " spider-
catcher," a name it shares with the Wall-Creeper, which
species we have not observed.

Nuthatch. — Common in Castile and the north, but not
observed in Andalucia except in Sierra Nevada. This species
is also known as irepaironeos.

Crested Tit (Captichino). — Observed in the mountain forests
of Castile. Eesident and common near Gibraltar.

Sand-Martin. — Breeds on Guadalcjuivir — April.

Woodlark. — In winter only ; leaves in April. Not common.
Our familiar Skylarks and Titlarks swarm in winter in Spain,
but leave the south in March. The Calandra, Crested, and
Short-toed Larks, with the Corn-Bunting, are among the most
abundant of Spanish birds at all seasons.

Rock-Bunting (Ernberiza da, Linn.). — Common in sierras,
where it nests in April near clearings and cultivated patches.

White Wagtail. — Arrives in swarms in September, remain-
ing till March. The pied wagtail we have not identified.

Grey Wagtail. — ^Common in winter, and some nest on the
mountain streams, even in Andalucia.

Serin. — This, with the goldfinch and three following species,
the stonechats, bee-eaters, rufous, and black-headed warblers
and nightingales, is among the commonest and most charac-
teristic birds of Southern Spain.

Linnet (Camacho),

Greenfinch (Verdon).

Chaffinch (Pinzon). — All common; most so in winter.

Rock-Sparrow (Oorrion montSft), — Common in the sierras,
where it breeds in holes in May.

Lester Redpole. — Rare and irregular ; in severe winters only.
Many in garden at Jerez in January, 1888.

Siskin (Lugano). — Irregular; in winter only. Several
obtained in garden, March 15, 1891.

Rook. — Occasional flocks in winter.

Carrion Crow. — Rare ; found a nest with five eggs. Sierra de
las Cabras, March 2drd. B. is sure he has seen C, comix when
shooting in winter.*

* Camgrcndttw .'—Though "we have stated (p. 243) that the Raven
hreeds late in Spain, it also does so early, for A&. Satmders writes us : —
" At M(Uaga it was nesting hy mid-Fehruary, and near Baza I watched
a pair feeding their young hetween 15th and 20th March.*'



Digitized by VjOO^IC



SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES ON BIRDS. 459

Sandwich Tern. — Obtained on Guadalete in March and April
on passage.

Gannets and Skuas. — Observed in Straits and Bay of
Trafalgar in winter and early spring.

Eed-throated Diver. — Several shot in winter.

Shearwaters. — In Straits : observed in hundreds ofE Malaga
in March.

Stormy Petrels. — Common on the coast, and probably breeds
on some of the rocky islands.




STORK'S NEST ON STRAW-STACK.



Digitized by



Google



Digitized by



Google



461



GLOSSARY.



A hoca dejarro — ^At short range.
Aholdga — Spanish gorse.
Aficionado — ^An amateur, enthusiast.
A Icomoque — Cork-oak.
Alforjas — Holsters, saddle-bags.
Almuerzo — ^Breakfast, tiffin.
Alparagatas — Hempen-soled sandals.
Anafe — ^A charcoal cooking-stove.
Arendl — Sand-waste, desert.
Armajo — Samphire.
Arramago — Charlock.
Arroyo — Stream, watercourse.

Bandada — A flock, or pack.

Bandolerismo — Brigandage.

Barhony harbtcdo — Bearded.

Barranco — ^A low cliff.

Barrio — Quarter of a town, suburb.

Batida — ^A beat, or drive for game.

Behidero — ^A drinking-place.

Bora^ha — A wine-skin.

Borrico — ^A donkey.

BusnS — ^A gentile — i.e., not a gypsy.

Cahestro, or cabreate — Deeoy, stalking hoxie.

Cama — Bed, lair of wild beast.

Camino — Boad.

Campo, carnpi/lo— Country, cultivated land.

Ca/ncho — Crag, precipice.

Cdntaro — Water-jar.

Carabinero — Carbineer, exciseman.

Carhonero — Charcoal-burner.

Co^weZo— Stewing-pan, also the stew.

Catre — Tressle-bed, camp-bed.

Cazador — Shooter, sportsman.

Caza mayor — menor — Large, and small game.



Digitized by



Google



462 WILD SPAIN.

Cedula de vecindad — Certificate of identit}-.

Cencerro — Cattle-belL

Cerrones — Panniers, mule-packs-

Chambonada — ^Bungle.

Chapdrro — ^An evergreen oak.

Choza — Peasant's cot or hut.

Cicada — Cricket.

Cochino — Pig,

Contrabandista — Smuggler.

Corral — enclosure ; belt of forest or jungle.

Cofo^Game-preserve.

CuadrUla — Troop, gang.

Dehesa — Grazing ground, sheep-walk.
Despoblado — Desert, waste.
Dicho — ^Declaration, troth.
Donnidero — Sleeping-place .

Echando la rueda — " Making a wheel " — i.e., describing a circle.

^ncieiTO— Driving in bulls to the ring.

Entrada — ^Entry, immigration.

Era — Threshing-ground.

Errate—'' Black blood " (gypsy).

Eacopeta — Musket, gun.

Espada — Sword ; a matador.

Falucha — Felucca-rigged boat,
i^'o/a— Waistband.
jPaw^o— Mud.
jPtm€?a— Saddle-sling for gun.

Oargo/nta — Mountain-gully.

Garrocha — Long wooden lance.

Oazpacho — ^A dish of bread, vegetables, oil, vinegar, Ac., a salad.

Ouiso — Stew,

Huerta — Orchard, garden.

Jaca — Biding horse, pony.
Ju/ncOf juncale — Beed, reed-bed.

Ladron en grande — Bobber on a large scale.

La/nchu — Small boat, punt.

India, Uddador — Fight, fighter (of bulls).

Macho — Male.
Jlf^/o— Dandy, gallant;



Digitized by



Google



GLOSSARY. 46S

McdcLguefla — Couplet, topical song.

Mancha — Thicket, jungle.

Manchon — Fallow.

Mano ncgra — " Black Hand," a secret society.

3fan^a^Cloak, saddle-rug.

MarUma — Marsh land.

Monteria — Mountain-shooting campaign.

Moaca — Fly.

Nata — Cream.
Na/oaja — Clasp-knife.
Novio-a — Sweetheart.

Q/Zo — Drive (for game).

Olivdr — Olive-grove.

Olla — Earthen cooking-pot, stew.

Paja/rdco — Large bird, vulture.

PajarSra — Breeding-place of birds.

Parador — Inn, resting-place.

Patero — Duck-shooter.

Patio — Courtyard of house. '

Pinal — Pine forest.

Piomo — A species of broom.

Poeienco— Hunting-dog (of lurcher type).

Poniente — West wind.

Posada — Village inn, lodging-house.

Puchero — Earthen pan for cooking.

Pueblo — cito — Village, hamlet.

Pwe»^o— Post, ambushi

Qtierencia — Haunt.

Bastro — Trail, spoor.
Beclamo — Decoy, call-bird.
Betamo — ^A species of broom.
Bincon — Corner.
Boddo — " Bounding-up " of cattle.

Sarten — Frying-pan.

Sequesirador — Bandit who holds to ransom.
Serrano — Moimtaineer.

Suert/—{1) Luck ; (2) the modes of attack or " passes " in the bull-
fight.

Tentadero — ^Trial (of young bulls).
Tirador — Gunner.



Digitized by



Google



464



WILD SPAIN.



Toreo—kH of buD-fighting.
Toril — Lair of bull, adjoining bull-ring.
Toro bravo — Fighting hvH
Tunante — Cunning rogue.

Vega — Open plain.
Venta — Wine-shop.
Vereda — Bridle-path.

Zincali — Gypsy.




SPANISH SPADEa



Digitized by



Google



INDEX.



Absence of twilight, 403, 409
Adventure with a bull, 10

Lynx, 365-6, 447

^Esthetic tastes in birds (?), 112

et seq.
Agriculture, Chap, xviii., p. 220,

xix., p. 231, 294-5-6
Ague, 108
Alpine Accentor, 147

Chough, 147, 154 (footnote)

Pipit, 147, 155

Swift, 154, 216, 247, 254,

451
Altitudes of mountains, 26, 143,

153 (footnote), 159, 168, 179
Alto Douro, 829 et seq,
Andalucian Quail, 353, 420
Anomalies, Spanish, 151
Ants, 244, 245
Arctic weather in Spain, 392 et

seq.
Asturias, The, 3, 183, 184 et seq.,

307,442
Atmospheric effects, 89
Avocet, 75, 77, 84, 86 (breeding),

381,399
Azure-winged Magpie, 80, 252,

256-7-8

Badoeb, 108, 250, 364, 449
Balance of Life, 259 etseq., 264-5
Basques, The, 5, 176
Bear, 3, 179, 185, 442-3
Bee-eater, 252, 254, 256, 261, 325,

451
Bird-life in Gredos, 147, 154
Bermeja, 160



Bird-life in Navarre, 454 et seq.
Bittern, 80, 254, 272-3, 364,423-4
Little, 255, 271, 273, 427,

453
Blackbird, 147, 249, 304
Blackcap, 247, 349
Black Chat, 147, 216, 299
Black Kite, 82, 242-5, 265, 275,

451
Black Vulture, 146 (breeding),

200 et seq.
Bleeding, Universal remedy,

305-6, 447
Blue Rook-Thrush, 29, 147, 160,

210 (footnote), 216, 299
Bluethroat, 147, 454
Boar, WUd, Chap, ii., p. 23,

Appendix, 443-4

84, 185, 270, 355, 368-9

Obstinate nature of, 29, 369

Bohemian Gypsies, 291-2
Bonelli'sEagle, 160,204,217-18-19,

255,454
Booted Eagle, 81, 84, 160, 199,

204, 254, 265, 451
Breeding-season (of birds) pro-
longed, 255
Brigandage in Spain, Chap, x.,

pp. 116-127, 163
Bull -fighting, Chap, v., p. 54

Attempts to suppress, 58, 59

— — Breeds of bulls, 60, 341

EncierrOj The, 65

Life of a fighting-bull, 60-1

Mediaeval bull -fights, 57-8

Modern epoch, the, 59

Origin of, 55-6

H H



Digitized by



Google



4()6



INDEX.



Bull-fighting, Tcniadews, The,

61-4
Bungles, magnificent, 3G2, 409
Bunting, Girl-, 147, 254, 452

Corn-, 88. 147

Ortolan, 88, 147, 254, 452,454

Reed-, 88

Rock-, 458

Burning the bamboo-brakes, 3G1

et seq.
Bustard, The Great, Chaps, iii., 33,

iv., 40, XXX., ass, 254, 294

driving, 38, 46 et seq.

shooting, at wells, 35

with lantern, 36

— from cart, 37

single-handed, 42

The Little, 255, 266, 294,

306, 343 et seq.
Butterflies, 148 (footnote), 212

(do.), 332, 352
Buzzard, Common, 148, 181, 242,

262, 364, 409, 410, 454
Honey, 254, 451

Camels, Wild, Chap, viii., p. 94
— Repugnance towards horses,

99,101
Caporcaillie, 3, 187
Capileira, 168
Cazador, The Spanish, 137, 177,

350
Centipedes, 161, 332
Civil Guards, The, 14, 152-3
Chaffinch, 304, 454, 458
Chamseleon, 352 (footnote)
Chamois, 3, 179, 185, 441-2
Character, Iberian, 4, 6, 301, etc.
Charcoal-burners, 14, 124, 126
Chicorro and the Black BuU, 289,

290
Chiffchaff, 247, 452
Chough, 147, 164, 171, 210, 801
Climate, 24, 352, 371, 384, 392
Comumos (Octroi), 219, 228
Coot, 77, 364, 424, 427
Cork-oak, 16
Cormorant, 74, 427
Cost of a bull-fight, 67



Coto Dohana, 240, 348 et seq.
Country-life, hatred of, 1, 221,

224-5,227
Crag-Martin, 147, 155, 160, 210,

452
Crake, Com-, 253, 419, 424, 452

Baillon's, 273, 424

Little, 273, 424

Spotted, 273, 364, 419, 424

Crane, Common, 253, 266-7, 294,

306, 420-1, 427, 453

Demoiselle, 254, 422, 453

Crossbill, 246, 407
Crow, Carrion-, 455, 458

Grey-backed, 458

Cuckoo, Common, 254, 257, 451
Great Spotted, 80, 246, 253,

256-7, 451
Curlew, 380, 388

Sandpiper, 76, 89

Slender-billed, 453

Cushat, 160, 263, 301, 419

Dabchick, 270, 424, 427
Dancing, 20-1, 313, 856-7
Dartford Warbler, 147, 304
Deer, Red, 249, S50 et seq

437-8

FaUow, 438-9

Roe-, 28, 161, 216, 303

439-40
shooting, 365, 359 et seq.

367, 405 et seq.y 438 et seq.
Difficulties of travel, 9, 72, 161
Dipper, 174, 455, 457
Discontent, Agrarian, 12, 212

227,327
Disease and epidemic, 313
Do&ana, Coto de, 240, 348 et seq.
Dormouse, 147, 449
Drunkenness, Rarity of, 313
Ducks, see also under Pochard

Teal, Wigeon, &c.
Gadwall, 267-8, 376, 392,

402,425
Garganey, 73, 77, 253, 268,

376, 892, 402, 425, 453
Mallard, 73, 77, 267-8, 376

402, 425-6



Digitized by



Google



INDEX.



467



Ducks, Marbled, 77, 84, 264, 269,

876, 392, 426, 426, 463
Pintail, 73, 269, 373, 375-6,

402,426

Rearrested, 267, 376

Scoter, 74, 426

Sheld-, 376, 392, 426-6

Shoveller, 73, 269, 374-6,

402,426
Teal, 73, 264 268, 376, 401,

426

Tufted, 74, 876, 425

White-eyed, 73, 264, 268, 376,

392, 426, 453
White-faced, 77, 264, 269-70,

376, 402, 426, 463
Wigeon, 73, 263, 373, 375,

402,425
Dunlin, 73 (breeding), 76, 88, 381



Eagle, Bonelli's, 160, 204, 217-19,

266,454
Booted, 81, 84, 160, 199, 204,

264, 265, 451
Golden, 164, 160, 204, 212,

216, 218-19, 306, 309
Imperial, 188 et seq,^ 204,

262-3, 275

Sea-, or White-tailed, 199

Serpent-, 199, 204,216,241-2,

263, 262, 265, 461

Tawny, 194 et seq., 410

shooting, 192, 289

Eagles in confinement, 203

Prey of, 264-5

Eagle-Owl, 24, 210, 266, 301
Eggs, small numbers laid, 249
Egret, 76, 264, 271, 273, 392, 427,

463
Egyptian Vulture, 147, 203,

211-12, 263, 833, 461
EncierrOj 66
Escape, Narrow, 439
Estremadura, 132, 240, 301, 443,

444

Paibs in Spain, 161
Falcon, Eleanora, 266



Falcon, Peregrine, 164, 160, 265,

863 (Southern)
Fallows and flowers, 226
FantaU Warbler, 246, 268-9
Fire-Crest, 407, 456, 458
Fire-flies and Glow-worms, 332
Fishermen, Spanish, 177
Flamenco-ism^ 67 (footnote),

28&-9
Flamingoes, Among the. Chap, ix.,

p. 102
74, 109 (breeding), 112

(young), 256, 381

-shooting, 105

Flight-shooting, 356, 368, 376,

386 et aeq., 421 (Crane)
Flycatcher, Pied, 247, 452, 466

Spotted, 249, 255, 452, 466

Food of raptores, 264-6

Fox, 29, 100, 108, 382, 369, 446

Frogs, 251, 276

Tree-, 332

FueroSf of Basques, 6

Gadwall, 267-8, 876, 392, 426,

453
Galicians, The, 4, 329, 880
Gannet, 469
Garganey, 78, 77, 268, 268, 876,

892, 899, 426, 453
Gecko, 352 (footnote)
Geese, WUd, 73, 376 et seq., 379,

888 et seq., 426, 427

Bean, 379, 425

Grey Lag, 377, 879, 426, 427

Lesser White-frooted, 379

Genet, 108, 260, 364, 407, 448
Glossy Ibis, 76, 264, 269, 271, 427,

463
Godwit, Bar-taUed, 75, 427, 468

Black-tailed, 75, 254, 453

Golden Eagle, 154, 160, 204, 212,

216, 218-19, 806, 309
Oriole, 80, 247-8, 252, 264,

462,466

Plover, 268, 266, 881

Goldfinch, 84, 205, 249, 294, 454
Goose — see Gteese
Goshawk, 160, 253

HH 2



Digitized by



Google



468



INDEX.



Granada, 166, 178
Grapes, Abundance of, 381, 386
Great Bustard — see Bustard
Spotted Cuckoo, 80, 246, 258,

256-7
—— Spotted Woodpecker, 160,

258

Tit, 160, 249, 454

Green Sandpiper, 76, 275, 881, 399
Greenshank, 76, 85, 881, 458
Green Woodpecker, 247-8, 258,

256. 262-8, 455
Grebe, Eared, 77, 898, 424, 427

Great Crested, 270. 424, 427

Little, 270, 424, 427

Grey Lag, 877, 879, 425, 427

Phalarope, 76, 89

Plover, 76, 89, 452

Griffon Vulture, 29, 160, 205 et seq,,

215-16, 294-96, 802, 454
Gull, Black-headed, 90, 91

Brown-headed, 78, 254

Great Black-backed, 78

Herring, 78

Kittiwake, 78

Lesser Black-backed, 78

Little, 78, 898, 427

Skua, 459

Slender-bUled, 90, 91

Gypsies, Chaps, xxiii., p. 277 ;

xxiv., p. 287

Hare, Spanish, 353, 449
Harrier, Hen-, 80, 254, 294, 381
Marsh-, 77, 85, 92, 262, 264,

268-9, 275, 364, 381, 401-2
Montagu's, 89, 92, 254, 262,

264, 275, 451
Harvest, 225

Hawfinch, 160, 246, 407, 409
Hay, 226

Hazel-Grouse, 3, 187
Hen-Harrier — see Harrier
Herdsmen of Sierra, 16, 25, 295,

301, 817 (note), 320 et seq.
Herons, 76, 81, 84, 271 et seq., 381,

427
Bufif- backed, 76, 81, 254,

271-8, 453



Herons, Night-, 76, 81, 254, 271-3,

427,453
Purple, 76, 78, 82, 253, 399

453
Squacco, 76, 81, 255, 271, 273,

453
Hobby, 254, 451
Honey Buzzard, 254, 451
Hoopoe, 80, 246, 249, 258, 451, 454
Horse-breeding, 233-4.

Ibex, Spanish, Chap. xL, p. 128;
Appendix, 440-1

Distribution, 131-2

— Scenting powers, 146 (note),
316

Specific distinction, 128-9

Ibex-shooting, Sierra de Gredos,

140 et seq.

Nevada and Alpujarras, 166

Riscos de Valderejo, 150

Sierra Bermeja, 157

Ibex-stalking, 148, 165, 316 et seq.
Ibis, Glossy, 76, 254, 269, 271, 427,

453
Ichneumon, Spanish, 28, 108, 250,

299,449
Imperial Eagle, 188 et seq., 204,

262-8,275
Industry of peasantry, 169, 311
Insect-life, 148 (note), 161, 212

(note), 259, 332, 352

Jackdaw, 253

Janda, Lagunas de, 266, 299, 421

Jay, 160, 258, 301, 456

Justice, Judicial,ll (footnote), 125,

370
Summary, 247-8, 370-1

Kentish Plover, 75, 88, 253, 381,

452
Kestrel, 206, 265, 294

Lesser, 253, 265, 451, 457

Kingfisher, 457

Kite, Black, 82, 242-3, 244-5, 265

275, 451
Black-winged, 457



Digitized by



Google



IKDEX.



469



Kite, Red, 242-5, 252, 262, 264-5,

275, 366, 409, 454
Knot, 76, 85, 453

Lammebgeyeb, 160, 255, 293 et seq.^

307 et seq.
LandraU, 253, 419, 424, 452
Lanjaron, 167
Lark, Calandra, 88, 454, 458

Crested, 88, 458

Short-toed, 88, 253, 452, 458

Sky-, 147, 174, 254, 458

Wood-, 458

Leeches, 80, 81, 82, 367

Leon, 5, 151, 183

Lesser Kestrel, 253, 265, 451, 457

Lesser Ring- Plover, 75, 88, 452

Linnet, Grey, and Green, 249, 304

Little Bustard, 255, 266, 294, 306,

343 et seq.
Lizards, 260, 261, 352
Logrofto, Sack of, 283
Lunatic, Sad episode of a, 27
Lynx, Spanish, 106, 250, 355, 359,

436, 446-7
ferocity of, 355-6, 446-7

Magpie, Common, 253, 256-8, 456

Azure-winged, 80, 252, 256-8

Mallard, 73, 77, 267-8, 375, 425,

426
Marbled Duck, 77, 84, 254, 269,

376, 392, 425, 453
Marismas, The, Chaps, vi., vii.,

pp, 70-93, 94 et seq., 103 et seq.
Markets, fruit, &c. , 235
Marriage-customs, 320 et seq,
Marsh-Harrier, 77, 85, 92 (breed-
ing), 262, 264, 268-9, 275, 364,

381, 401-2
Marten, 185, 448
Martin, Crag, 147, 155, 160, 210,

452

House, 452, 454

Sand, 452, 458

Measurements of horns (deer),

361, 437-8 (ibex), 130, 147, 156,

319
Mediterranean Black-headed Gull,

90,91



Merganser, 425

Merlin, 467

Migration, 72 and 89 (vernal), 253
et seq., 274, 384, 393-4

MiUs, Table of, 237

Mirage, 78, 90

Mole-cricket, 249, 270, 276, 332

Mongoose, 28, 108, 250, 299, 363,
449

Montagu*s Harrier, 89, 92 (breed-
ing), 254, 262, 264, 275, 461

Moufflon, 442

Mouse, 342, 363, 449 ; Dormouse,
147, 449

Navarre, Bird-life in, 454 et seq.
Nightingale, 84, 205, 211, 249, 254,

451
Nightjar, Common, 264

Red-necked, 247, 254, 276, 451

Nutcracker, 455
Nuthatch, 147, 454, 458

Olive, Culture of, 231
Orange harvest, 305
Origin of Spanish people, 4
Oriole, Golden, 80, 84, 247-8, 252,

254, 452, 455
Ortolan, 88, 147, 254, 452, 454
Osprey, 457
Otter, 364, 449
Owl, Eagle-, 24, 210, 255, 301

Brown, 454, 457

Little, 247-8, 253, 264, 276

Long-eared, 457

Scop's, 253, 276, 451

Short-eared, 457

White, 251, 457

Oyster-catcher, 392

Paradox gun, 361, 415 (footnote)
Partridge, Grey, 187, 454

Red-leg, 29, 252, 304, 331

shooting (Portugal), 332

(Spain), 304, 361 et seq.

Peewit, 76, 88, 294, 304, 380
Peregrine, 154, 160, 265, 353

(Southern)
Petrel, Stormy, 469



Digitized by



Google



470



INDEX.



Phalarope, Grey, 76, 89

Pintail, 73, 269, 378, 376, 376, 425,



Online LibraryFrancis WhartonWharton and Stillé's medical jurisprudence .. → online text (page 35 of 36)