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Frank H. (Frank Hamilton) Taylor.

Poor Richard's dictionary of Philadelphia, prepared for presentation to the Associated advertising clubs of the world on the occasion of their visit to Philadelphia in June of the good year 1916 online

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UNDER THE HAT OF PENN



Poor Richard's

DICTIONARY of
PHILADELPHIA



Prepared for Presentation to the
ASSOCIATED ADVER-
TISING CLUBS 0/ ///eWorld
on the Occasion of their Visit
to Philadelphia in "June of the
good year 1916




; j ■• *• « ,v , : <■ » .
Done by Oidei; <ifi Sjat-Poo?- Rich-ar4

Club jn their Little: Home at Number
239 South Camac -Street ■ i



tr






THE NEW YORK

PUBLIC LIBRARY

35355SA

ASTOR, LENOX AND

TILDEN FOUNDATIONS

R 1923 L



FRANK H."



lAYLOR



Copyright, 19 i6. by
J. B. LIPPINCOTT COMPANY



•.t J t V '^mjklEIi-A-t THE

•* WASITING'tON* .SQUARE PRESS
JrB,.;LIf ©ii^l'cdTT COMPANY
P^»lLAt»*BLPHlA AND LONDON



' • . • • » . • • » •
• •••.,..•»■•



• •



POOR RICHARD SALUTES

On behalf of those who here abide, the members
of the Poor Richard Club extend cordial greeting
to all who may sojourn under the hat of Penn.
Cities differ from one another just as people do.
In Philadelphia the visitor will find some things
that v/ill make him think of home; some things
he would like to have at home and perhaps
some things that may make him wish he were
at home. All these are likely when new people
and new places meet.

The ability to see and think clearly concerning a
new place is by no means universal. We all laugh
at the old lady who cut short her winter's visit
with her daughter in Chicago because she had
seen three funerals during her stay and made up
* her mind that the place must be very unhealthy.
We smile, but conclusions just as senseless and
superficial are in circulation concerning every
city in the land.

Much of the character of Philadelphia to-day is
.^^ traceable to that of its great founder. William
^ Penn was a man of high ideals, a lover of liberty
^ and justice, a firm believer in the rights of all
men and in the good sense of all the people.
^ Moreover, having suffered much in mind, body
"^ and estate through intolerance, he set out to have
>• 5-

.1



his colony something different, assured, as he
said, that "My God will make it the seed of a
nation."

Philadelphia is a busy place. Its first settlers
were artisans rather than adventurers. While
liberty was their watchword, industr} - was their
reliance. Here on this firm foundation for more
than two centuries have wrought an industrial
host who have produced things of use for them-
selves, for their countrymen and for mankind,
making and keeping this community the
workshop of the world.

Philadelphia is a homey place. It contains
365,000 separate dwellings — more than any other
city in America. Not here can be located the
joke of the family that was obliged to seek new
apartments because they aspired to own an
Unabridged Dictionary. It is a city of homes and
of owned homes, thanks to its numerous building
and loan associations. In poetry, dwelling under
your own fig tree seems to be ideal, but in Phila-
delphia, dwelling under your own roof tree is
thought more satisfactory. No one can estimate
what our vast number of separate homes has
meant to their inmates and to the city.
Philadelphia is a patriotic place. It was for years
our country's metropolis and capital and has
furnished and sheltered many Builders of the
Nation. From the day when the old bell pro-
claimed liberty throughout the land and to all
the inhabitants thereof, Philadelphia's men in
large numbers have responded to our country's

6



calls for help. Hers also has been the signal
honor to furnish the Nation through Robert
Morris in 1776, Stephen Girard in 18 12, E. W.
Clark in 1846 and Jay Cooke in 1861, the war
funds without which patriotic men respond in
vain. Within easy reach of the city are Valley
Forge and Gettysburg, holy shrines of patriotism,
the low-water and the high-water marks in the
mighty struggles to make and keep our country
free. Small wonder is it that patriotism is a
cornerstone of the City of Brotherly Love!
No city is immune from its rivals' jokesmiths or
from the shallow resident who modestly points
out how slow his town is in comparison with him.
Sooner or later the average Philadelphian is
called upon to respond to the toast that his town
is slow. As in many another case, the facts spoil
the joke. No one who really knows Philadelphia's
history can say that the city has been slow, or
who knows its citizens can believe it will be slow,
Philadelphia is busy making a great community
greater ; and with the utmost good will she salutes
her sister cities, wishing them well in the great
task of keeping their own camps swept out.
Philadelphia, the city of homes and the home of
busy, patriotic folks, extends friendly welcome
to folks from every place — glad to have them so-
journ or abide under the broad and sheltering
hat of Penn.




THE POOR RICHARD CLUB HOUSE

The Poor Richard Club, whose happy lot it
now is to be host to the Associated Advertis-
ing Clubs of the World, has its little home at
239-241 South Camac Street.

IT IS COMPOSED OF

MEN WHO BUY ADVERTISING
MEN WHO MAKE ADVERTISING
MEN WHO SELL ADVERTISING

8



OFFICERS OF THE POOR RICHARD CLUB

PRESIDENT

ROBERT H. DURBIN

VICE-PRESIDENTS

Cyrus H. K. Curtis Harry A. Gatchel

Thomas A. Daly George Nowland

Jarvis a. Wood

Secretary Theodore E. Ash

Treasurer John Clark Sims

The Convention Committee of the A. A. C. of the
W. has its headquarters and General OflSce in
the Bell Telephone Parkway Building, at Seven-
teenth and Arch Streets, Bell 'Phone : Locust 1916.

GENERAL CHAIRMAN GENERAL SECRETARY

Rowe Stewart Theodore E. Ash

SPECIAL CHAIRMEN

Finance M. F. Hanson

Hotels George Nowland

Meeting Places Joseph Potsdamer

Forming Nearby Clubs E. J. Berlet

Music C. C. Green

Atlantic City George Goldsmith

Churches George C. Shane

Sales and Publicity Irvin F. Paschall

Souvenirs and Badges W. Percy Mills

Illumination Thos. R. Elcock, Jr.

Printing Wm. H. Trump

"Wednesday" John C. Martin

Entertainment P. C. Staples

Reception Howard C. Story

Trade Organization Cooperation . . W. B. Tracy
Committee Cooperation . . . Richard A. Foley

Historical Jarvis A. Wood

Floats Bartley J. Doyle

Pageant John Clark Sims

River Carnival G. E. Gable

Ladies Fred G.Jones

Transportation Thomas J. Mulvey

9



ACTIVE MEMBERS



Alcorn, Samuel S.
Andrews, James
Appel, Joseph H.
Appleton, Henry L.
Armstrong, John C,
Ash, Theodore E.
AsHBY, Col. Bernard
Ayer, F. Wayland
Bacharach, Charles
Bacon, Edward I.
Baker, Franklin, Jr.
Baker, Hon. J. T.
Baker, Hon. P. P.
Balch, Alfred C.
Baldi, Vito M.
Bancroft, Wilfred
Banes, W. Lester
Barnitz, Frederic B.
Barrett, Ross M.
Baur, Phil. J.
Beach, Chas. A.
Beans, J. B.
Beck, Chas. W., Jr.
Beck, Leon
Bentley, J. Coleman
Bentley, John H.
Berger, M.Russell
Berlet, E. J.
Betelle, Howard E.
Binswanger, Isidore
Blood, Ernest
Bloomingdale, Chas.
Blum, Charles
Bodine, Harry E.
Bonsor, Arthur H.
Bowden, C. H.
Bower, Charles F.



Bowman, Edward S.
Bradford, Albert G.
Brady, Joseph A.
Brewer, Elliott
Brown, Henry C.
Brown, H. H.
Bub, Herman J.
BuEHN, Louis
burbank, s. h.
Burpee. David
Burrows, Thos. A.
Butler, J. T.
BuzBY, Harry S.
Camp, Frank M.
Cardwell, Wm. W.
Carey, Harry L.
Cavanaugh, J. H.
Caywood, Ellery S.
Chrisman, David D.
Christian, A. A.
Clark, Roy E.
Clarke, Sydney R,
Clement, G. Y.
Cole, W. Arthur
Collins, Chas. H.
Considine, Norbert a.
Cook, Clarence N.
CoRMAN, S. Wilbur
Crawford, Robert H.
Creamer, Theodore B.
Cross, J. H.
Cummings, Edwin J.
CuMMiNGS, J. Howell
CuNLiFFE, C. Raymond
Cunningham, P. J.
Curtis, Cyrus H. K.
Curtis, Oliver C.

10



Dalsimer, L. S., Dr.
Daly, John A.
Daly, T. A.

Daxdo, Thos. Stotesbury
Davies, John R.
Davis, Percy M.
Deacon. Gerald H.
Dechant, J. Frank
Devery, Thos. J.
Desch, p. N.
Dippy, Robert H.
Door, Wm. H.
Doyle, Bartley J.
Drysdale, Bruce
Duncan, E. C.
DuRBiN, Robert H.
Edmondson, E. S.
Edwards, Geo. W.
Eells. W. G.
Egner, C. Lloyd
Elcock, Thos. R., Jr.
Eldridge, Wm. J.
Eltinge, I. B.
Embick, Frank
Engle, J. Linton
Ezekiel, David
Fairfield, W. R.
Fehr, H. a.
Feigenbaum, Harry
Fell, J. Howard
Fell, William F.
Fels, Samuel S.
Fenner, J. T.
Fenton, E. Minor
Ferreira, H. a.
Fleer, Frank H.
Fleisher, David T.
Fleisher, Maurice T.
Fogelsanger, J. M.
Fogg, Charles M.
Foley, Richard A.
Foulkes, Wm. Hiram, D.D.
Fox, Charles Henry
Frailey, Len M.
Frank, Emil
Frazier, J. M.



Frazier, W. W., Jr.
Friedberg, Joseph R.
Fry, Wilfred W.
Gable, G. E.
Gale. W. W.
Galt, W. J., Jr.
Gara, H. C.
Gatchel. H. a.
Gebler, Robert T.
Gerdine, W. M.
Geuting, Anthony
GoLDNER, Frank C.
GoLDs.MiTH, Geo. F.
Grant, W. H.
Graves, C. H.
Green, C. C.
Green. Joseph
Greene. Ryland W.
Grisco.m, William B.
Groh, Louis G.
Guggenheimer, Sidney J.
Habermehl, John P.
Haist, C. F.
Hait, Warren B., Jr.
Hall, Charles R.
Hamerstrom, a. Burt
Hamilton, Charles R.
Hanson, M. F.
Hare, Thomas J.
Harvey, Samuel K.
Hatch, H. B.
Henkels, Charles H.
Henrich. Geo. A.
Hills, DeWitt A.
Hires, Charles E.

HOFFACKER, WiLLIAM

Hoffman, E. B.
HoRTiNG, Amos H.
Ingram, George P.
Irel.\nd, H. I.
Jackson, G. H.
Jacobs, Frank D.
Jacobs, George W.
Jacobs. Samuel
James, Benj. P., 30
James, E. W.



11



Jayne, Charles A.
Jenkins, Arthur S.
Jones, E. Russell
Jones, Frederick G.
Jordan, Harry T.
Kahn, Harry C.
Ketterer, G. Theodore
Kind, Philip
Kirschbaum, David
Kline, C. Mahlon
Knowlton, Chas. S.
KoLB, Louis J.
Koshland, Edward O.
Kunkel, J. E.
Kurtz, F. W.
Labor, Charles A.
Lachenmeyer, Paul
Laing, Neff
Lamb, James G.
Langsdorf, Jacob Loeb
LaRoche, Arthur W.
Lasher, Harry B.
Lavenson, Isaac
Lewis, Edwin L.
Lindbach, Christian R.

LiPPINCOTT, J. B.

Lit, Samuel D.
Lloyd, William F.
Long, Sam'l Wesley
Lorence, Charles H.
Lovejoy, Frederic H.
LuTZ, J. A.
MacKenney, W. B.
MacPherson, D. p.
Marks, Albert J.
Marshall, Chas. H.
Martin, Frank H.
Martin, John C.
Martindale, Thomas
Matos, William W.
Mayer, Gustav
McCall, Joseph B.
McClure, James R., Jr.
McCurdy, Robert K.
McLean, Robert L.
McNally, John M.



Mercer, Chas. E.
Messig, John J.
Meyercord, H.A.
Miller, Eugene G.
Miller, George
Miller, J. Alfred
Miller, John
Mills, W. Percy
Mohr, Howard K.
Moore, Malcolm
Morgan, George H.
Morris, Herbert C.
Morton, J. W., Jr.
MuLVEY, Thomas J.
Murphy, A. Stephen
Murray, Harold T.
Musselman, C. a.
Neff, Charles H.
Neville, Wm. H. H.
Norton, Charles H.
NowLAND, George
O'Donnell, Hugh A.
Ostrander, Walter M.
Ousey, C. G.
Paist, Charles, Jr.
Pangburn, Clifford H.
Paret, Edward S.
Paret, Louis F.
Parker, George A.
Parry, Edwin S.
Paschall, Irvin F.
Payne, W. Hancock
Perry, John C.
Pfeiffer, G. a.
Pflueger, Alfred H.
Phillips, Benjamin
Pickett, Norman O.
Pohlig, Theo. F.

POTSDAMER, HaROLD

Potsdamer, Jos. S.
Prizer, Wm. Mann
Ramsdell, G. C.
Ray, Chester P.
Ray, Lee Miller
Reed, Carl H.
Reeder, Foster M.

12



Reid, John, Jr.
Remont, R. W.
RiEKER, Carl L.
RioRDAN, Forrest H.
Robinson, V. T.
Rogers, Albert R.
rohrbaugh, k. h.
Rosenberger, Walter Lee
Sanford, Rufus H.
Sassaman, Chas. Happy
Saunders, William L., 2D
Schmidt, A. F.
Schmidt, Oscar C.
ScHOLES. Alfred
Schreiner, Richard H.
Scott, Arthur H.
Scott, H. Walter
ScuDDER, George W.
Selby, Howard W,
Shane, George C.
Shaw, Frank L.
Sieber, Harry F.
Silance, Louis M.
Simpson, William
Sims, John Clark
Sinberg, John H.
Smith, Basil L.
Stanwood, I. H.
Staples, P. C.
Steelman, a. Lincoln
Sternau, Arthur R.
Stewart, Rowe
Stinson, C. a.
Stoll, L. F.
Story, Howard C.
Streeter, Wilson A.
Stuart, Edwin S.
Sutherland, Allan
SwAAB, Mayer M., Jr.
Sykes, Frank H.
Tatem, J. Fithian
Taylor, Charles B.
Taylor, Chas. C.
Taylor, E. S.
Taylor, Thos. D.



Tetlow, Henry, 2D
Thackara, Charles V.
Thegen, Chester A.
Therkildson, W. F.
Thomas, Morgan H,
Thomson. Chas. J.
Torchiana, Wm. G.
Tracy, W. B. M.
Trump, William H.
Turner, Albert E.
Tweed, Ralph E.
Van Cise, Murray H.
Van Haagen, John C.
VanHorn, Rollin W.
Van Valkenburg, E. A.
Vaughan, Chas, Z.
Vaughan, D. F.
Vaughan, David L.
Vrooman, Wm. Baker
Waddey, Everett
Walsh, P. J.

Wanamaker, William H., Jr.
Warner, Francis B.
Weber, Edward
Weiler, Sidney
Wessels, Charles M.
Wheelock, Louis W.
Whidden, Guy C.
Whitcraft, H. R.
White, Sam'l M.
Whittemore, Henry L.
Wicks, S. Clayton
Wiker, Caleb W.
Wilbur, Wm. N.
Wilson, Samuel M.
Withington, H. W.
Witney, Geo. W.
Wolf, Eugene
Wood, Jarvis A.
Woolley, Chandler S.
Wright, Mont. H.
Yeoell, W. J.
Youngheart, S.
ZiNDEL, Wm. G.
Zintl, W. M.

13



NON-RESIDENT MEMBERS



Ahern, H. a.
Aitkin, A. King
Althouse, E. E.
Anderson, Arthur R.
ashbrooke, j. t.
Barrett, Joseph J.
Barritt, C. Leon
Barton, Todd
Beetem, Chas. G.
Bennett, Walter V.
Bergfeld, M. a.
BuviNGER, Ralph R.
Callender, Wm. N.
Carrington, O. H.
Carroll, Dan A.
Charles, H. H.
Child, Thomas H.
Cholmeley-Jones, Nigel
Cholmeley-Jones, R. G.
Combs, Chas. E.
Cooke, Henry H.
Cowan, John B.
Davidson, J. Wm.
Dingwall, Alex. J., Jr.
Eddy, Charles H.
Fletcher, F. Irving
Foster, Ward G.
Freeman, Wm. C.
Fuller, C. W.
GiLMORE, Robert C.
GiLROY, Wm. a.
Gordon, Colver
GouDiss, C. Houston
Hall, S. Roland
Ham, H. H.



Hidalgo, Lieut. A. C.
Hopkins, J. M.
Huntsman, R. F. R.
Jeffcott, H. a.
Jones, Owen
Keefe, Howard M.
Kelly, Cornelius F.

KiMBERLY, O. S.
KiRBY, H. N.

Kreider, L. E.
Krugler, F. M.
LaBeaume, E. I.
Lee, David D.
Leech, E. K.
Leith, Sam E.
Lenhart, George S.
Levin, Astolf
Luthy, Kenneth F.
MacLeod, Chas. L.
Massey, William E.
McAlpin, K. D.
McBride, G. H.
Metten, William F.
Miller, Robert E.
MiLNOR, Winfield B.
Morrison, Frank E.

MUNRO, W. J.

Neave, Ralph B.
Niebuhr, B. Malcolm
Palin, G. Herb
Peard, Leslie H.
Pyle, Clarence J.
Pyle, Robert
Raley, J. E. M.
Richardson, Wallace C.

14



RoMER, John Irving
RosENBAUM, Samuel
Ryan, Thos. L. L.
Seaver, E. E.
Sharples, p. T.
Smith, Frank A.
Smith, G. Sellers
Smythe, J. Henry, Jr.
Snavely, Jos. R.
Stevens, S. C.
Stuart, R. B.



Tatnall, Edward C.
Trowbridge, E. C.
Tunison, Lester
Tyson, Oscar S.
Waldo, Richard H.
Watson, M. C.
Weibel, Herbert H.
Weissberger, H. a.
White, Wilbert W., Jr.
Williams, Jay C.
Wood, F. L.



HONORARY MEMBERS



Cattell, E. J.
Lauder, Harry



Smith, Edgar Fahs, Dr.
Wanamaker, Hon. John



FIRST IN PHILADELPHIA

PUBLISHING FIRSTS

1685 First Almanac printed in the Colonies,
"America's Messenger." William Bradford.

1698 First School Book, written in Philadelphia,
Francis Pastorius.

1718 First American-made Printing Press, Adam
Ramage.

1728 First Weekly Newspaper, "The Universal
Instructor in all Arts and Sciences and Penn-
sylvania Gazette," Keimer.

1732 First German Newspaper, the "Philadelphia
Zeitung," Benjamin Franklin.

1741 First American Magazine, Andrew Bradford
(two issues only).

1741 Benjamin Franklin launched the "General
Magazine and Historical Chronicle for all the
British Plantations in America" (six issues
only).

1742 First Type, made by Christopher Saur,
Germantown.

1743 First German Bible, Christopher Saiir. The
third edition, printed in 1777, while still in
sheets, was used to make cartridges at the
time of the Battle of Germantown.

1764 First Religious Magazine, "Das Geistlisehe
Magazin," Christopher Saur.

1782 First English Bible, Robert Aitken.

1783 First Trade Journal, "The Price Current."

1784 First Daily Newspaper, "Pennsylvania Packet
and Daily Advertiser."

id



1785 First American Edition of Shakespeare,
Bioren & Madan,

1786 First American Book of Prayer of Prot-
estant Episcopal Church.

1796 First Type Foundry, Binney & Ronaldson.

1798 First American Novelist, Charles Brockden
Brown, who then published "Wieland."

1802 First Annual Book Sales.

1802 First Juvenile Magazine.

1802 First Law Library.

1804 First Printing Ink Works, Charles Eneu
Johnson.

1808 First Ornithology, Alexander Wilson

1813 First Religious Weekly, "The Religious

Remembrancer. ' '
1819 First American Lithograph, Bass Otis.

1830 First Penny Newspaper, "The Cent," pub-
lished by C. C. Conwell.

1830 First Successful Women's Magazine," Godey's
Lady's Book," Louis A. Godey.

1833 First U. S. Dispensatory, Wood & Bache.

1840 First General Advertising Agency, Volney B.

Palmer, Pine Street above Third Street.
1848 First Comic Weekly, "The John Donkey,"

published by Thomas Dunn English.

1852 First American Insurance Journal, Capt.
Harvey G. Tuckett.

1853 First Gazetteer of the United States, Lip-
pincott.

1880 First Etched Newspaper Illustration.

1891 First Perfected Screen, making half-tone en-
graving and printing a commercial possibility.
Levy Brothers.

1913 First Newspaper Advertising Campaign for
Church Attendance, Associated Churches of
Philadelphia.

17



NATIONAL FIRSTS

1774 First Continental Congress.

1774 First Articles of Confederation.

1776 First Proclamation of the Declaration of

Independence.
1776 First American Flag, made by Betsy Ross.
1787 First Form of Constitution.

1790 First Capital of the United States.

1791 First Supreme Court of the United States.

1792 First United States Mint, east side of Seventh
Street, below Arch Street.

1792 First American Flag raised above a Federal

Building, at First U. S. Mint.
1797 First U. S. Frigate, "The United States,"

built by Joshua Humphreys.
1800 First U. S. Arsenal, Gray's Ferry Road.
1800 First U. S. Navy Yard, Front and Federal

Streets.
1838 First U. S. Naval Academy.

1862 First Armored Battleship, " New Ironsides,"
built by William Cramp & Sons.

1876 First International Exhibition in America,
The Centennial.

BANKING AND INSURANCE FIRSTS

1752 First Fire Insurance Company, The Phila-
delphia Contributionship.

1769 First Life Insurance Society, organized for
the relief of the widows and orphans of
clergymen of the [Church of England and
America.

1781 First Bank, The Bank of North America.

1809 First Life Insurance Corporation, the Penn-
sylvania Company for Insurances on Lives
and Granting Annuities.

1816 First Savings Bank.

1816 First Saving Society, the "Philadelphia."

1831 First Building and Loan Association, The
Oxford'Provident of Frankford.

1863 First National Bank.

18



SCIENTIFIC FIRSTS

1730 First Mariners' Quadrant, Thomas Godfrey.

1743 Philosophical Society, founded by Benjamin
Franklin and his associates.

1769 First Accurate Astronomic Measurement of
the Spheres. From observatory in Indepen-
dence Square during the transit of Venus.

1790 First Astronomical Observatory, David
Rittenhouse.

1802 First Oxygen Blowpipe, Dr. Robert Hare.

1816 First Electric Furnace, Dr. Robert Hare.

1839 First Daguerreotype made in America. View
taken with a crude camera from rear win-
dow of Chestnut St. Mint by Joseph Saxton.

1839 First Daguerreotype Portrait taken (of him-
self) by Robert Cornelius.

1876 First public demonstration of the telephone,
at the Centennial Exhibition.

MEDICAL-SURGICAL FIRSTS

1755 First Hospital — The Pennsylvania, Benjamin

Franklin, Originator.
1762 First School of Anatomy, Dr. Wm. Shippen.
1765 First Medical College (branch of the College

of Philadelphia) founded by Dr. John

Morgan. First Graduate in Medicine, John

Archer.
1768 First Medical Society.
1787 First College of Physicians.

1820 First Permanent Medical Journal, now the
American Journal of the Medical Sciences.

1821 First College of Pharmacy in the Worid.
1832 First Hospital for the Blind (Wills Eye

Hospital).
1836 First Hospital for the Insane.
1848 First Homoeopathic Medical College.
1850 First Women's Medical College.
1852 First Medical Degrees given to Women.

19



CHEMICAL-INDUSTRIAL FIRSTS

1793 First Sulphuric Acid, John Harrison.

1798 First Oil of Vitriol, John Harrison.

1804 First White Lead, Samuel Wetherill & Son.

1823 First Ether, Rosengarten & Son.

1832 First Quinine, Rosengarten & Son.

1834 First Strychnine, Rosengarten & Son.

1834 First Nitric Acid and First Hydrochloric

Acid, Carter & Scattergood.
1839 First Vulcanized Rubber Goods, Charles

Goodyear.
1847 First Bleaching Powder Chlorine, Charles

Lennig.
1850 First Use of Zinc in Paint Manufacture,

Samuel Wetherill.

MISCELLANEOUS FIRSTS

1682 First Brick House built in America — Penn's

house.
1682 First Pleasure Grounds for the People,

laid out in America, were dedicated in

Philadelphia.
1684 First Iron Works, Frankford.
1684 First Pottery, Front and Prime Streets.
1684 First Glass Works, Frankford.
685 First Printing Press set up in Philadelphia.
1687 First Brewery, built by Anthony Morris, on

Front Street below Walnut Street.

1689 First Public School. Incorporated 1698.

1690 First Paper Mill, WilHam Rittenhouse, on
Wissahickon Creek.

1698 First FulHng Mill, Mathew Holgate, on Wis-
sahickon Creek.

1704 First Presbyterian Church, Market and Bank
Streets.

1706 First Presbytery, organized by seven minis-
ters.

1712 First American Workliouse authorized by
Common Council.

20



1712 First Ocean-going Merchantman launched in
America.

1719 First Fire Engine (bought by any munici-
pality) for public purposes.

1721 First Insurance Agency, John Copson.

1728 First Botanical Garden, John Bartram.

1730 First Turnpike Road, Lancaster Pike.

1731 First Public Library, established by Ben-
jamin Franklin.

1732 First Dining Club, "The Colony in Schuyl-
kill," now "The State in Schuylkill."

1733 First Fire Engine made in America, by
Anthony NichoUs.

1736 First Volunteer Fire Company, the "Union,"
Benjamin Franklin the first secretary.

1742 First American Work on Botany, by John
Bartram.

1746 First Stock Exchange started in America.

1748 First Exclusive Dancing Society, "The As-
sembly," still maintained.

1752 First Proof that Lightning and Electricity
were one and the same. Demonstrated by
Franklin.

1753 First American Expedition for Arctic Explo-
ration left Philadelphia, March 4th.

:^1766 First Permanent Theatre, Cedar (now South)

Street.
•<?rrl767 First American Drama, "The Prince of Par-

thia," by Thomas Godfrey, Jr., staged at the

South Street Theatre.
1769 First Methodist Episcopal Church in the

world, still existent, Fourth Street below

Vine Street.
1775 First Organization of Manufacturers, "The

United Company of Pennsylvania for the

Establishment of American Manufactures."
1775 First Carpets Woven on American Looms.

William Calverley.
1775 First Piano, John Behrent, Third Street,

below Brown.

21



1780 First American Work on Medicine by Dr.

Benjamin Rush.
1783 First English Lutheran Church, Race StreeC

below Sixth Street.
1783 First Free Quaker Meeting House erected —

"Of the Empire 8."

1785 First Agricultural Society.

1786 First Steamboat, John Fitch.

1786 Protestant Episcopal Church of North
America was organized in this city.

1787 First Church in America owned by persons
of color; St. Thomas' African Methodist
Episcopal, Fourth and St. James Streets.

1788 First Calico Printed.

1789 First Capital of the United States.

1790 First Law School.

1791 First Carpet Mills Operated.
1801 First Water- works System.

"1802 First Law Library in America.

1804 First Automobile (steam), Oliver Evans.

1805 First Permanent Art Institution, The Acad-
emy of the Fine Arts.

1809 First Experimental Railroad Tracks in the
United States were put down in a yard
adjoining the Bull's Head Tavern, Philadel-
phia, in September.

1811 First Machine in the United States used in
Manufacturing, Samuel Wetherill, Jr.

1816 First Rolling Mill (at mouth of the Wissa-
hickon Creek).

1819 First Sugar Refinery.

1819 First Stationary Steam Engine, built by
Thomas Halloway for Francis Perot's Malt-
ing House.

1820 First Shipment of Anthracite Coal received,
365 tons.

1824 First Exhibition of American Manufactures,

under auspices of The FrankUn Institute.
1827 First Horticultural Society.

22



POOR RICHARD'S DICTIONARY
OF PHILADELPfflA

ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES

Race and Nineteenth Streets. Founded in
1 812. Notable collection of natural history
specimens. Free lecture courses. Admission free
at all times. Upon the occasion of the Centennial
celebration of this institution in 191 2 it was hon-
ored by the presence of scientists from many
foreign nations. — See Logan Square.

ADELPHI (THEATRE)
Broad and Cherry Streets.

ADELPHIA HOTEL

Chestnut Street, below Thirteenth Street.


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Online LibraryFrank H. (Frank Hamilton) TaylorPoor Richard's dictionary of Philadelphia, prepared for presentation to the Associated advertising clubs of the world on the occasion of their visit to Philadelphia in June of the good year 1916 → online text (page 1 of 10)