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timeliness and excellence considered.

By Margaret C. S

ness College, Kittanning, Pa.




^ JJ

Mr. E E. Gaylord, principal of the com-
mercial department of the Beverly, Mass,,
High School, recentlj' favored us with spec-
is of students' work revealing A-l train-
n business writing. Many of the speci-
s indicated that a large number of

Business Educator Certificates would

be finding their way to Beverly in due
course of time, which is but another way of
saying that his pupils are acquiring a prac-
tical handwriting, such as the business
world demands.

Here's a lot of splendid specimens in bus-
iness writing from Mr. W. C. Wollaston of
the Port Huron, Mich., Business College.
The work throughout is very neat, plain
and practical. The average of the large
number of specimens is very high, clearly
indicating that the instruction is enthusi-
astic and high grade. Names of the follow-
ing deserve special mention, although the
work as a whole is uniformly good: Edna
Putnam, Hattie B. Stang, Grace Eckert,
Ethel M. Scupholm and Carl Macdonald.

Mr. L. L. Branthover, penman in the well
known Northwestern Business College,
Chicago, 111., is again on hand with a large
bundle of fine specimens of penmanship
from his students showing plainly that
they are gradually wending their way Cer-
tificateward. which means from a poor

handwriting to a good one; from a hand-
writing that is a hindrance to a handwrit-
ing that is a help; from a handwriting that
means no earning ability to a handwriting
that is worth a thousand dollars or two.
The names of the following persons deserve
special mention, although all of the work
submitted is good: Frieda Martin, Caroline
Jonas, Marie Pleister, Chester Bird, Edna
Lang, Margaret Colberg, Mamie Feldman,
Elsie Reichel, Catherine McOonough, Ha-
zel Hawkenson, Agnes Lindgren, Isabel
Fuchs, Arthur Mueller, Sam Bergh, Lillie
Baumer and Walter Olson.

Mr. J. N. Keeney, Rockville, Conn., teach-
es penmanship to young people in his home
evenings. He recently submitted speci-
mens showing improvement made in ten
lessons. We are frank to say we have never
seen m«re and better improvement made
in that time. The work of Jared A. Lutton,
Walter Hewitt, E. Harding, Howard Little.
William F. Say and Herbert Annear, all de-
serve special mention and credit. All are
subscribers to The Business Educator
and the work of the first and last name mer-
it our certificate.

From Mr. J. M. Gardner, Milwaukee, Wis.,
we recently received a pen drawingentitled
" Home Sweet Home," being an illustration
of a shoe in a branch of a tree in which
there is shown a nest and half dozen birds.
The technic is unusually fine, and the ef-
fect of the whole quite pleasing. Mr. Gard-
ner also enclosed some of his cards written
in a variety of styles such as appeal to the
general public. He states that during the
past year he wrote over 100,000 cards, the re-
ceipts of which amounted to $1750.

The pupils under Mr. A. N. Symmesof the
Walworth School, New York City, are mak-
ing splendid progress in penmanship, as
shown by recent specimens. Among the
best we take pleasure in mentioning: >'.
Marquer, Jasper Salerno, Anthony J. Piz-
zani, Agnes Walsh, Thomas Quigley."


Mr. E. W.Frear, penman intheUni...
School and Business Institute, Clarksville
Tenn., is doing splendid work in business
writing in that institution as shown by
specimens of students' work before us. The
results attained in a short time have been
as good as we have ever seen, which speaks
well for Mr. Frear's ability as a teacher of

George L. Logan, of Bradford, Pa., formerly
a student of the late C. C. Canan. is another
assistant in the office of L. K. Woolfington
& Co. of this city. Never before in the
history of their business have they enjoved
such a liberal patronage, at present sending
out over 4,000 dozen cards every month, and
a large share of this business has been
built up bv continuous advertising in THE
Business Ehucatob. Specimens of their
work before us are very neat and of good

M^&uti>w^du*a&r &


Mr. C. F. Diens, Alexandria, Mo., writes a
splendid business hand, and is developing
good writing on the part of others. He en-
closes a specimen of a sixteen year old pu-
pil in the country school, which shows
splendid training Mr. Diens well says "If
teachers would abandon copy-books and
subscribe for this paper, cramped finger
movement would soon lose sway among
our future men and women."

Cards showing considerable skill and a
good quality of line are at hand from A. S.
Chadbourne, North Berwick. Me.

Mr. C. D. Phelps, penman at Canton, Tex-
as, favored us with first and last specimens
of a class of students taking ten lessons and
the improvement shown is certainly very
creditable to both teacher and pupils. Mr.
Phelps evidently knows how to teach pen-
manship, or he could not secure the results
thus shown.

Mr. J. A. Buell, penmanship and commer-
cial instructor in the Lutheran Ladies' Sem-
inary, Red Wing, Minn., is rapidly chang-
ing the handwriting of the young ladies
from a stiff, cramped, vertical style to a
rapid, graceful, business hand, as shown by
specimens before us. Mr. Buell makes
things hum in the class room, and gets re-

Mr. II. L. Williams, Sth grade teacher and
supervisor of writing in the Granville, Ohio,
Public Schools, is securing excellent re-
sults as shown by specimens before us from
the pupils in the Sth grade. These pupils
will this year graduate with a practical
handwriting, which is certainly a vast im-
provement over the old way of graduating,
with either a scrawling handwriting, or
with one too eternally slow to be of anv
value in the business world. The work of
the following pupils is worthy of special
mention: Marie Ackley, Claire Geach, W.
H.Johnson, Kenneth Little. All, however,
are doing well.

Mr. E.J. Hoke, penman in the Lewistown,
Pa., School, writes a good, strong business
hand, and understands the art of teaching.
Mr. Hoke is an enterprising, reliable fellow,
and enthusiast on penmanship matters.

Some of the most accurately and artistic-
ally written cards we have seen for many a
day are hereby acknowledged from the
skillful penofMr.L.W. Karlen, Vilas, S. Dak.
Mr. Karlen is now getting into the class of
top-notchers ; a position not easily won.

Mr. J. D. Rice, Chillicothe, Mo., writes a
fine business hand, and succeeds in teach-
ing others to do the same, as shown by
some splendid movement work before us.
The work of Mr. Arksey is especially good.

Some strong and professional business-
like penmanship is herebv acknowledged
from J. A. Klston, Canton, Mo.

Specimens of business writing have been
received from the pupils under Mr. H. A.
Lough, principal of the Elmira, N. Y., School
of Commerce, which reveal splendid train-
ing in penmanship. All of the work is es-
pecially plain, systematic and business-
like, bespeaking progressive methods and
practice in that institution.

A package of specimens of student's writ-
ing from D. A. Reagh, of theOwosso, Mich.,
Business College, showing improvement
made, reveals the fact that Mr. Reagh is se-
curing results considerably above the av-
erage, if not as fine as anyone. The work
is certainly excellent, both from the stand
point of improvement made and quality of
work done. There seems to be a friendly
rivalry between the Owosso School, and
the Port Huron, Mich., Business Univer-
sity—both schools being under the same
management, and a more wholesome spirit
could not be encouraged, for the work dis-
closes enthusiastic and special effort on the
part of the pupils. The work of the follow-
ing pupils is exceptional in quality and im-
provement made: Earl Schuknecht, Ellen
Carmody, Roy Smith. Herbert Stewart,
■Lera Gilmore, Edward Stewart, Ella Bow-
er, Ira Foster, F. M. Lake, Harry Miller, Rov
Howell, Hazel Reed. y


A well established
Business College in the
^^^^^^^^^^^^^ Central States. An ex-
cellent territory — no liabilities. School has
been established 10 years. Has reputation
for excellent work Very little competition.
Good attendance. Will give possession first
of March or first of April. Address Bargain.
Care of BUSINESS EDVCATOR, Columbus. O

One Dozen Cards Free

with your own name to prospective
agents-students only, send 2 cent
stamp for postage. Blank cards finest
quality Wedding Bristol 75 cents per
HMO. Comic jokers or bird designs. Hki
IS cents, 100" $1.4S postpaid.

Pfof. L. B. woinngton, B c „? Whig.

F» E N H




Not the ordin



holder, like

those sold bv static

s, but th

2 Profession


Oblique style — the k

tnd pen

men use. h


just a step higher

workmanship, adin

ment and finish.

Made of Ca

ifornia Ko

wood, six inches ir



A Professionals

holder at lo


35 cents and get ot


Your n

mnev back


you want it. Addr


G. F"


Care of Vashon Mi


v Acad

Burton Wa


Lessons irv Business

Writing by Mail

Twelve lessons in Business Writing
for $10. Enroll at once. Circular.

E. J. HOKE. Lewistown, Pa.

Care Lewistown Business School

One of the leadina schools of Penm_..„,
Drawing in t be 1'. s. 1'nder the persona! super-

1 vision of I.. M.Kelchner.

If interested write fur information. Address

I Pres.O.H.Longwell,Highland Park College, DesMoines, la.

Notice to School Proprietors
and Teachers

You are welcome to part or all of my
office during your stay in Boston. I
am located in one of the best office
buildings in this city and ask you to
feel free in arranging to meet your
friends here during the convention.
Frank W. Martin,

100 Boylston Street.

P. S.— It does not matter whether you
have ever seen or heard of me— the
door is open.

FOR SALE Business College,

— ^ ^— No competition —
County has 70,00(1
people. Located in city of 25,000. Noth-
ing but ciish will be considered. Price
very reasonable. For full particulars
address, A, care of


Columbus. Ohio


^^^^^^_ Branches. Advance Fee Not
Required. Positions in High
Schools and Colleges. Penmanship, Commer-

:rs of Stenography.

egister early. Send

al Br

$600 to 11,500. Reni
for circulars.
Thurston Teachers' Agency

378 Wabash Avenu



A new series. Seven books Nos. 1 to 7 in-
clusive. containingboth black and colorwork.
These books are endorsed by some of the
most prominent educators in the country.
Write for one book, free.


Ornamental letter in my best band,
a set of fancy capitals, one set of busi-
ness capitals, a pack of samples for
taking orders, your name on a dozen
cards, and a scrap-book specimen for
25 cents. U R Next. Send now.
Gloversville, N. Y . C. E. BRUMAGHIM

Penman at Gloversville Business College.

The Latest Comic and Bird Cards

Have you seen my new comic card'? 12 styles,
no two alike. They are great sellers; 100 assorted,
30c 12 styles of bird cards with religious mottoes
lettered on them, 100 ass rted, 30.-. Black Cards,
for white ink l,000-85c; 3,000 - $2.40. 3 ply \\\ B.
Cards, l,000-75c. My circulars illustrating new-
est designs, 2c. Agents wanted to take orders for
written cards. Prospectus, 2c. If you are in-
terested in card writing, it will pay you to handle
my cards. Send to

W. McBee. 19 Snyder St.. Allegheny. Pa.


Now would be a good time to begin
brushing up your penmanship and
thus increase your earning capacity for
next school year. I am giving result
getting lessons in plain and ornamen-
tal penmanship. Write me for rates
and information, if you are interested
and want the best.

Ornamental caps., 20 ceuts. Cards,
white or colored, the finest you can get
anywhere, 25 cents a dozen. Special
rates in quantities. Agents wanted.
Small specimen of writing. 10 cents.

Resolutions engrossed. Designs
made. Script for all purposes. Lowest
prices and l>csf work.

Washington, D. C. T. COVRTNEY

Care Strayer's Business College

©unir Menu (SdDi 50^

Of the high schools mentioned in our February Ad— Detroit and Rochester.
Today, February 5, 1907, the other two are still open. A few minutes ago a hurry
call came (given solely to us) for a man to fill an emergency vacancy in a nor-
mal school of national reputation, at from $1,500 to $1,800. We filled this position
two years ago at $1,800 Calls are coming all the time from little schools and big
ones, public and private, from Maine to California— two fine ones on the Pacific
coast this week. Since we charge nothing unless we obtain for vou a position
you are willing to accept, vou have everything to gain and nothing to lose bv
enrolling with us. We have, on our lists now for next year, about three hund-
ed good teachers, some of them stars of the first magnitude. Full information





^^&uAm*M4%d£u*afr A

Short Calks to Ceacbers on

Bv D. Ul. Rott, Supervisor of Writing,
Cawrence, mass.. Public Schools.

The reader may recall the statement made
in the initial article of this series to the ef-
fect that, especially in the case of the be-
ginner, fully one lialf of a pupil's success in
establishing proper writing habits was
contingent upon his knowing just how to
go about it. I now wish to state with equal
emphasis that the other half consists of
the faithful application of this knowl-
edge, on his part, in his every act when
writing. This refers as much to his ap-
plied writing ( general written work ) as to
the technical drills of the writing period.
In fact few things prove more disastrous to
his writing habit than for a pupil to get the
idea that it is less important that he em-
ploy good arm movement and speed, when
writing language, geography, history, or
spelling tests, than during the regular
writing period.

The reader will also recall the statement
as to the useless waste of time consumed
in discouragement breeding practice, where
a pupil or student, lacked the requisite
knowledge as to how to direct his energies.
So, also, is much time squandered by some
who are well informed as to how to proceed,
simply because of a lack of determination
on their part to do their level best every
time, to make every effort count for great-
er skill.


Having made certain that both he and his
pupils, or students, clearly comprehend the
exact character of the required movement,
and also the exact part each set of muscles
is to play in its production, the true teacher
will recognize that in a logical sequence the
next step is to lend that degree and quality
of inspiration, and to arouse on the part of
the latter that keen, enthusiastic desire for
good work that will result in well made
plana being well carried out by them.

The whole atmosphere of the class room,
under the spell of a real teacher is surcharg-
ed with a resistless current of well disci-
plined energy. Yet enthusiasm, energy
and action are not all of success. There
must also be intelligent direction on the
part of the teacher, together with conscien-
tious self direction in harmony therewith,
on the part of the pupil or student. And
this brings us to the point of preparation.

Both mental and physical preparation are

The pu
ted to


the ar
tion fo


1 to the best results in penmanship,
pil or student must never be permit-
lose sight of the paramount impor-
of forethought, and of well made
if action. Also the value of that sort
oductory or preparatory motion of
tn which constitutes a real prepara-
r, and insures better results from the
ing movements which immediately
the letter and word forming move-


The mental preparation for writing is two
fold. First there must be the critical ex-
amination of the model to be reproduced, as
when execution is in progress it is the men-
tal copy which the hand seeks to transfer to
the paper. The other phase is the planning
of the action, or series of acts necessary to

To plan the execution of any letter means
to determine the form of motion ( curved or
straight > its size, direction, duration, force,
speed, modulation, etc., necessary to the de-
sired result. This done then is


The next step is to set the writing ma-
chinery in motion, the vibratory action of
the arm conforming as nearly as possible,
in general character, to those required for
the initial portions of the exercise.

However, plans must be made far beyond
the initial stroke or letter of an exercise be-
fore the record begins, as it is not possible
either effectually to make or change plans
for execution after the pen begins to record
a letter. It is the minds work to plan for
and to lead the plan, not to travel with it.
In fact its part of the work upon any letter is
practically completed before that of the pen
really begins, provided, of course, a useful
rate of action is maintained throughout.

Any attempt to change the plans for the
execution of a letter after the pen has reach-
ed that letter would mean a contliction of
messages from the mind to the recording
muscles which could but result in confus-
ion, hesitancy, and a lack of precision in
their responsive action.

Before you can accurately reproduce any
form you must tirst measure it with the
eye, must gain a definite mental picture of
it, must also carefully plan a set of motions
to exactly fit it, and, must use precision and
control both in your preparatory and record-
ing movements throughout.

To bring his pupil, or student, fully to re-
alize the truth and importance of the above
facts is a teacher's first duty, and consti-
tutes one of the most helpful services he
can possibly render the right sort of pu-


tion l.y mail a.lapted to everyone.
Reeogiuzeil l<y rourts ami .'Uiu-aturs.
Experienced ami coinpe tent instruct-
ors, lakes spaie time only. Three
courses— Preparatory, Business, Col-
lege. Prepares tor practice. Will
better your condition anil prospects
in business. Students and graduates
everywhere. Pull
iiki li' ulars and
clul offer





i hi i

733 Muestic Bidc


Fred Dick, Ex-State Supt., Manager, 1545 Glenarm St.. Dei
Chicago, Des Moines, Denver, Salt Lake City, Los Angeles, Ha
Teachers wanting positions in the West should register with us
more desirable positions then they now have ehould keep their l


olo.: Boston, Ne

nercial Teachers wanting


Midland Teachers' Agencies

Wyoming, Juniata, Nebraska, Sherma
We cover the entire field, and fi

OFFICES: Warrensburg. Mo., Shenan-
doah, Iowa, Pendleton, Oregon, Lander

Texas, Du Bois, Pa., Richmond, Ky.

lisb Competent Teachers to Schools

= ^\

We Recommend Competent Teachers Only
Free Enrollment During February, March and April Sf No Position - No Pay


r I find this in a published report
of the proceedings of the recent
National Commercial Teachers'
Convention at Cleveland:

"L. E. Stacy of Meadville, Pa., pre-
sented an exhaustive paper on
' Teachers' Agencies, Their Uses and
Abuses. ' Mr. Stacy made a canvass of
both school proprietors and teachers
in order to get their views upon this
matter that he might enlighten those
who hear or would read his paper.
The general opinion of both school
proprietors and teachers was that
Teachers' Agencies are not doing the
work thev should do. Their failure
is centered in the fact of their being
the cause of unrest among the teach-
ers, and a state of uncertainty among
proprietors, by soliciting teachers to
enroll and accept other and, as they
represent, better positions."

H Mr. Stacy is right — partly. An

agency that makes a practice of

luring teachers from any proper

allegiance is a nuisance and a


K From the same report I learn


"H. E. Kead, Peoria, UL, said that
Teachers' Agencies are often the most
disreputable business concerns. They
find a school that wants a teacher
and a teacher who wants a position
and put them together without any
thought of adaptability. The agency
should rid the profession of incom-
petents instead of placing them."

r And Mr. Read is right— abso-
lutely correct in his definition of
the proper function of a Teachers'

r That's just the kind of Teach-
ers' Agency I've been trying to
conduct for lo! these many years.
BUT — sometimes they fool me.

r I offer no bait of any kind.
The kind of teacher I want on my
list is perfectly competent to use
his own judgment as to his obli-
gations to employer and to self,
f What I a m looking for is red-
blooded young men and women
of clean record, young or of
mature experience, properly
qualified to do the work they cut
out forthemselves. If your record
will not bear the strictest scru-
tiny my agency is not the agency
for you.

Mo use for "Hungry Joes,"
Ignoramuses and slow pokes


Manager linion Teachers' Bureau

203 Broadway, New York

For nearly twenty years Editorial and Busi-
ness Manager of The Penmans' Art Journal.

Me&a4*^4r&&uxi&r $>


This is a specimen of Pen and Brusli Engrossing by Mr. P. W. Costello, Scranton, Pa. The portraits were
done with pen, with a few washes in the clothes and background. This is one of the most elaborate specimens we
have had the pleasure of thus far presenting in THE BUSINESS Educator. It is worth much of yourcritical study.
The grouping of the portraits in and the decoration of the border is alike effective and artistic, and it must be borne
in mind that much of this beauty of the original is lost in the processes of photographing, engraving, and printing.
Doubtless, too, the original was done in colors, or at least in harmonious tones of blue-gray or brown and white.
The lettering is singularly simple, plain, artistic, and appropriate.


M^&uA/nedy&Aun&r &




Send work to Mr. Strickland by the 30th of each month
for criticism through the Business Educator.



Lesson 7.


In this lesson we find some rathe
cult letters like the -V for instance.

( >f course you will note at a glance that all
the letters in this lesson have the same be-
ginning principle and which you should
master ; hut the shapes of the shades in the
balance of each letter is rather difficult to

The Q and Tare based on the oval with
heaviest part of shade at % its heighth.
The compound curve is the finishing stroke
of Q, the small oval being parallel to base

.V should be made in such a way that the
light line side balances the shaded side.
The dot at the top of light line is made by

U contains the compound curve shade ; a
difficult stroke, joined to a straight shade
not so long.

1'contaius two compound curve shades,
the first somewhat shorter than the one in
t\ Finish with long delicate shade.


J. A. B., Minn. The shade seems to be too
high in the stem principle of P B R T and F.
The letters have very good propor-
tions and no doubt would be much improved
if shades were well shaped and black.

H. W. J., Conn. Z f'and W very good in
shades. Watch lower loops. Curve shades
in J V. Shaded stroke of oval part of PB and R
start a little too high. Avoid getting
light shades too short and sharp. Glad to
know you still rind the study of this style
interesting. On the whole last work shows
much improvement.

R. L. H., Pa. Your shades seem rather
woolly and remind me somewhat of the
two woolly worms and one smooth one the
little boy ate in the garden. Much atten-
tion should be given to materials. Study

E. P. W.,Mo. The work received is most
pleasing and would with a little attention
given to proportions and light lines be
highly satisfactory. This for the capitals.
The small letters are very strong and artis-

Online LibraryFrank OvertonThe Business Educator (Volume 12) → online text (page 69 of 99)