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warm hearted but desperately poor friends, into
a great tenement house on the east side of New
York, down on Rivington .Street, where the
pnsh carl men line the sidewalks on both sides,
where you can buy anything from a bone collar-
button to a full dress suit of clothes for an in-
finitely small sum of money.

His friends were crowded thick into a four
room Hat up on the sixth floor of the great
house, and there, all day long until late at night,
the men and the women and the children, en-
joyed the freedom of America bent over swift
whirling sewing machines and driving away
for dear life, sewing together the clothing and
the cloaks and things of that kind that they
make in the sweat shops of the great city.

Marcus was too young to work all day and the
school otticer would'nt let him anyway, so they
sent him to school. He was frightened, des-
perately frightened at first. His hair if it had
not been curly would have stood up straight at

the sight of the policeman that he hail to pass
on the corner and the letter-carrier in his gray
uniform, and even the street car conductor, and
the "sparrow cop" in the little park at the five
points, scared him almost to death at first, for he
had known the lash of the Cossacks, and the bru-
tality of the policeman in far off Russia, and he
thought every uniform meant some kind of
soldier and policeman, but Miss Kelly a good,
young, red headed, warm hearted school marm,
soon brought Marcus round to realize that there
were different people in America from those he
had known in the Christian class at home.

He was a lovable boy with great dark eyes,
fine clean cut features with the strong mark of
the Jew in the forehead, and the slightly aqui-
line nose, and he learned with surprising rapid-
ity. There is no finer linguist in the world then
the Russian, and the Russian Jew is especially
brilliant in his acquisition of language.

When he went home at night after school
Marcus helped pull out basting threads and pack
up the partly finish garments, and he could sew
on buttons and do a lot of things to help. But
he liked the school and Miss Kelly soon de-
lighted to show him off. for he learned the little
speeches and recitations and could deliver them
with fine effect, and he became Miss Kelly's
favorite of all her strange tlock, which em-
braced Jews and Poles and Hungarians and
Swedes and little Norsemen and Norse girls
and swarthy Italians with liquid eyes and mu-
sical voices and goodness knows what. And
Miss Kelly went round and saw the friends and
she told them Marcus must not be allowed to
grow up in the sweat shop ranks, but must go to
school and so it came about that years after Mar-
cus came into America he began to fit for Col-
lege and at 18 was ready to enter The City Col-
lege. But then one of the sisters fell a victim
to the white scourge and must go to a sana-
tarium or die and the other was still very young
and Marcus could not give four years lo Col-
lege, but must go to work and so when nearly
10 I met him in the evening class at Eagan
School down town. After a few months he
borrowed a litlle money and came to day

He was the first one there in the morning and
he did not go home at noon and he was the last
man the janitor drove out when the dusk was
falling over the city and the great bay, and the
lights began to gleam in the mighty, towering
sky-scrapers along the skylines of lower New-

He stayed with us about six months I should
think and then said he must get work. In that
lime he did more work than the average boy did
in a full year. He mastered shorthand pretty
well in three months, and took bookkeeping
along with it, and then, one day, a great jewelry
house sent in to the employment office of the
school for a young man to act as general office as-
sistant at sio a week to start and we sent them
Marcus Levinsky, a slight but wirey boy with
features plainly Jewish, not the coarse Jewish
type but that you sometimes see in such pictures,
as "Hoffman's Christ" and a fine fellow, too, was

He had outgrown his fear, but he had not out-
grown his suspicion of people. Perhaps it is
not to be wondereil after the frightful tragedy,
which he was old enough to remember well.
The effort that had been required to smuggle
him out of Russia, and the constant report of
continued persecution of his race in that far off
land, had not inspired him with profound faith
in all kmds of human nature, and he went into
the great jewelry house of Bernstein & Sons with
well advised suspicion, thoroughly implanted in
his mind. He was not disposed to take things
for granted until he had looked into them pretty

They found him an excellent all around office
assistant. He was quick and accurate at figures.
He wrote a good business hand. He was always
there promptly on time and among other tasks
given him was the filing of the reports that
Kradstreets gave of customers scattered all over
America, who ordered goods of Bernstein &

In a year, at S1.5 a week, Marcus was a sort of
assistant to the head bookkeeper in the credit
department, though there was no one man
whoselsole business was to look after cre<lils.

Bernstein & Sous was an old time firm. Mr.
Bernstein himself was still living, 80 years old,
a millionaire several times over, and his three
sons made up the company.

They were Orthodox Jews as was our Marcus,
for persecution had only maile his faith in the
ancient religion the stronger and right here I
want to say a few words about the Jews.


There are many thousands of the children of
Israel and their descendants below 14th street in
the city of New York. Reading the signs on
Broadway after you get below 14th street is like
reading the names in a Jewish directory, for,
everywhere, the great lofts where the manufac-
turing of the city is done, are crowded with
Jewish workers. Great wholesale houses, banks,
clothing stores even the saloons, bear Jewish

A wonderful people this Jewish race. Having
no nation of his own to make a home the Jew is
found in the far frcuit of the battle line of civili-
zation, at its ullermosl frontier the wide world
over. Conquered by Rome more than 2.000
years ago the Jewish nation ceased to be. But
the Jewish people have increased and multiplied
under a persecution that would have annihilated
a feeble race. Intellectually the Jew is far superi-
or to any race that ever lived; in religion far
above aiiy race that has lived; spiritually far
stronger than any race that has ever lived : in his
family affection infinitely above any race that
has ever lived; The race could not be stamped
out. It was driven to the Ghetto of Rome where
the Jew did not dare to go outside its limits.
And for centuries the monied Jew was a prey to
all the robber kings and barons of Europe.

The Jew early learned what persecution meant
and learned to thrive by cunning when he could
not thrive by force. It is somewhat the fashion
to scoff at the Jew. Shakespeare drew him, a
somewhat repulsive figure in his immortal
"Merchant of Venice" but, after all, when you
come to analyze that fine play, you see that
Shylock, hating with a bitter hatred the man who
had called him misbeliever, ciit throat dog, and
spit upon his Jewish gaberdine, was infinitely
superior to any other male character of the
drama. One had only to see the magnificent
portrayal of Shakespeare's Jew presented by the
late Sir Henry Irving to give more justice to the
character of Shylock.

It is said that the Jew is dishonest. For 10
years I was bookkeeper and general manager of
a business which dealt largely with Jewish man-
ufacturers. I don't recollect that the firm ever
lost one dollar in the whole ten years from a
Jewish customer and we certainly had a good
many christian names, Protestant and Catholic,
on our loss account.

It is true they were not the easiest customers
to deal with, for they were never satisfied that
the price was low enough, and were continually
In'ing to get it down another peg, but that is

In charities the Jews of wealth are lavish;
most Jews are poor. With their large families
they are bound to be. What nobler charity was
ever shown than that of Nathan Straus giving
pure milk to the babies of a great city.

In his home life the Jew is a model of perfec-
tion. There is no race suicide among the Jews.
The flats where they live fairly swarm with chil-
dren, and they are all welcome. The Jewish
mother of a large family is proud of the fact, and
occupies a high place in the esteem of her peo-

But somebody says the gunmen, the young
gangsters of New York are very largely Jews.
Lefty Louie and (jip the Blood, and Whitey
Lewis and all that murderous bunch of thugs are
Jews. They are not. They are apostates, rene-
gades, those who scoff at their elders and at the
Rabbis at at the synagogue. A degenerate
Catholic is bad, a degenerate Protestant is bad
and there is no reason to expect that a degener-
ate Jew will not be bad. but you find no Jews in
the poor house, you find few Jews in the prisons,
some of the degenerates do fetch up there, you
find no Jews carrying the hod or digging the
ditches of the country. The Jew works
with his brains not with his hands, and
in brain power the race is high up among
all the world's people. Is it any wonder
that hunted and persecuted and .scoffed at and

f^^f3Bud/n^^^/iu^i^^ ^


robbed by power and cursed by religious sects
the Jew should rely upon cunning to protect
himself. The fox does that when the hound and
the hunters are out against him and we cannot
find fault with the Jew for doing the same thing.

In the arts he ranks with the highest; in musie
the great Jewish composers of the world have
been at the top; in dr^mahe is foremost; in the
legal profession betakes high rank; as a soldier
he proved himself no mean tighter in our great
war of the Rebellion when many Jewish regi-
ments marched to the front and shed their blood
as freely for their adopted country as did the
men of any other race. In li nance the Jew has
furnished the sinews of war for every great na-
tional enterprise. If any European nation wish-
es money for its armies and navies, to whom
does it go? To the Rothschilds and in our own
country the great banking house of August Bel-
mont and Kuhn, Loeb ^ Co. finance anything
for any amount. Will the Jew ever go back to
Jerusalem and again take the Holy City and re-
store the Temple and in Palestine found a na-
tion? 1 do not believe so, but he will always be
a power in the industrial world, the financial
world, the world of art, of music and of letters
and our Jewish business college students rank
with the best.

So much for the Jew and now a final work for
the business college. What other agent could
in six months have made this talented boy.
forced to give up his dream of College, a fairly
will paid wage earner on the high road to success
and all in a year's time. No one worked harder
to deserve success than Marcus, and next month
I'll tell you how the keen eyed business college
graduate of Chicago, who neither smoked nor
drank, made Marcus cre<lit man of the house of
Bernstein & Sons at S;s.000 a year.



Occasionally one hears of the effect of correct
living in business magazines. So far as I know,
they have not publisheil anything of the na-
ture of this article. Penmen usually give their
attention to fine product work and not enough
to the vital principles which forms the basis of
arm movement writing.

Physical Culture is not a fad. Thousands of
years "ago this particular subject was given
special attention. History points out certain
cases of unusual development . grace and sym-
metry. Apollo, among modern critics, is re-
garded as a model of strength and beauty. Her-
cules, although possessing unusual strength,
had muscles of a knotty nature, lacking in
many respects.

There are two kinds of physical development,
the one kind developing muscles offering great
resistance, and the other kind putting staying
power and nervous energy into the vitals of the
body. A business man does not need
heavy muscles. Heavy exercise tends to
make one muscle-bound. It is a severe drain
on ones vitality. Professional strong men
sometimes have a haggard appearance, caused
from demanding extra work of the vitals and
not paying attention to the vitality building ex-
ercises which circus performers and singers

Ancient man possessed wonderful powers of
endurance, owing mainly to his surroundings.
He lived in the open, ate coarse foods, and gave
his body attention, as success depended upon
his power and staying qualities. We live in a
different atmosphere. It is not convenient nor
desirable to live in that manner. The muscles
may be developed to a high standard and of
high tenacity in a short time if given attention.
Some penmen will say that any exertion of the
body will spoil the result of years of practice.
Let me stay right here that there never was a
bigger fallacy exploded. I don't mean to say
that one can put up weights and keep up his
penmanship, but exercise of the proper kind
will increase his nervous energy and make a
difference in a very short time. One's penman-
ship will naturady improve in proportion to the
vital strength gained. But what must one do to
gain vital power? I believe the source of vital
power is in the lungs and spine. Nearly all pen-
men are flat chested. First of all the lungs
must receive attention. Stand in the open, rise


on toes slowly inhaling, at the same time
stretching the arms high, as possible above the
shoulders. While in this position touch the
floor with the knees rigid. Touch with both
hands in front, come up, exhale, then touch the
floor on either side far back as possible with the
lungs tilled to the fullest extent. Sit on the
floor with the toes under something, lean for-
ward as far as possible, inhaling as the hands are
forced over the feet. Resume first position and
exhale. Next sit on a chair with the toes under
dresser or bed, bend back to the floor and re-
sume first position, inhaling as the body comes
up. This exercise will develop the muscles of
the stomach in a very short time, providing one
doesn't eat beyond digestive capacity. Next
stand erect, rise on toes with arms extended,
bend the knees, letting the body down low as
possible. This is known as the full squat. Inhale
as the arms are extended, hold the breath, make
the squat and exhale.

These exercises are very simple and can
be praticed anywhere. Some experts charge
$40.00 for a set like this. The results are no bet-
ter than if taken properly, alone. Some time is
require<l in order to change the composition ot
the cells of the body. Remember, fat has to be
reduced and muscular cells built in its place.
There is no reason why one in a run down con-
dition should go away f-r his health. Spend
twenty minutes each day in exercise, giving
special attention to the soft parts of the body.
One s vitality clepends upon the amoantof air he

breathes and the food he assimilates. Eat light
meals and masticate thoroughly. In the writers'
ilietary, nuts and fruits rind an important place.
To the person who does not possess his full
quota of energy, I will say, work for at least
three months and take an inventory. As a rule
he will continue. One's mental power will in-
crease, his personality will improve and his
body will seem to be running over with energy.
A person of this type is one who possesses vital
power. The average teacher is far below the
average physically. He wonders why his
personality is poor, his power to hold the
attention of his class weak and in many
respects his memory is lacking. All of
these may be owing to a poor circula-
tion and a falling off in vital power. With
proper care, the body will come back to its nor-
mal, and in many cases to a super-normal con-
dition. Physical Culture will do all that it
claims to do and more besides. For those of the
teaching profession who are not what they
once were, I am writing this article and hope
that many who say, as an excuse, that their time
is limited will at least give it a trial and Superb
\'irility, will be the rich reward of effort.











One of the most accurate specimens of busi-
ness writing ever received from a boy fourteen
years of age, was written by A. G. Koss,
Youngstown. Ohio. His specimen shows that
he has a very high idea of form and could be-
come one of the leading penmen with the
proper instruction and practice.

It is evident from specimens recently received
from the various grades in the public schools of
Passaic. N. J., that practical writing is being
taught there from the first grade up. Miss Ida
M.Stahlisan exceptionally strong supervisor,
and is doing her part to stimulate excellence
alike on the part of teachers and pupils. Move-
ment is a reality from the first day in school un-
til the last.

Two very excellent budgets of students'
specimens from the second grade and high
high school are received from Mr. Thomas A.
Walton, Hope, K. I., who supervises the work in
that place. We have never seen a better com-
bination of touch, movement and form than in
the second grade specimens submitted. The
delicacy of the work sent prevented successful
reiiroduction. In the high school, pupils are
also correlating form with movement in an ex-
cellent manner, observing at the same time a
delightful personality in their penmanship.

The portrait above is. of Mr. Paul H. O'Hara and the article herewith entitled "Professional
Penmanship and Physical Culture" is from his pen. Mr. O'Hara is a professional penman and
commercial teacher and has developed a very robust constitution by study, diet, and exercise, and
speaks from experience and not frorr. mere theory. Those who would acbieve most in skill and
knowledge will do well to consider his suggestions. [ Editor.]

^^^Bu^^^neU^i^lf/uaOfr ^



The capital stem principle figureB permanent-
ly in most of the letters given herewith as does
also the reversed oval principle which forms the
top of more than half of the letters in this lesson.
Make svire that this oval part starts with a curve
instead of a straight line, and make sure that it
slants more than the stem. These are the two
main points to observe after which the rest of
the letter will appear comparatively easy.

These letters are not as uiform and precise as
they might be, but they were all written with-
out retouching and without repeating. Therefore
do not overlook the fact in your practice that some
of the letters are a trifle heavier than others,
which of course should not be. Strive for a
graceful effect, even though the motion is slow
and cramped and rigid as it must necessarily be
in order to be sure.


Try our Superior Courses in Shading Penman-
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The above cut is a photograph of Arthur G.
Berry, whose parental home is in Plymouth, N.
H., where he received his early education in
both High School and The State Normal
School, and later completed a course in the
National School of Business at Concord. N. H.

Mr. Berry has been a Successful Commercial
Teacher for the past ten years; the past three
years he was with the Huntsinger School of
Hartford, Conn. At the present time he is
Manager of the Norwich Business College,
Norwich, Conn., Mr. W. E. Canfield. Proprietor,

Mr. Berry is a great enthusiast in penmanship
and gives much credit to The BUSINESS Edu-
cator for his proficiency along this line, and
says he would not be without this magazine for
a single minute. He writes a good hand and is
an equally good fellow.


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Prosperons haslDess college, located in northern Illinois
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Cotumbns. Ohio.



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and one who has had experience in enrolling students.
Will have charge of office and superintend Bookkeeping

Online LibraryFrank OvertonThe Business Educator (Volume 18) → online text (page 81 of 103)