Franklin Benjamin Hough.

The siege of Charleston : by the British fleet and army, under the command of Admiral Arbuthnot and Sir Henry Clinton, which terminated with the surrender of that place on the 12th of May, 1780 online

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wounded. This A6tion happened within
one hundted Yards of the flying Army,
conlifting of Light Infantry and Grena-
diers, whofe marching acrofs the Field to
get in our Rear, obliged Col. Wafibington
to order a Retreat ; otherwife the whole
Party would have been cut to Pieces.

" The Day that the Enemy approached
the Lines on Charleftown Neck, Col. Lau-
rens,' with a fmall Party, had a Brufli with
the advanced Body of the Enemy, in which
Capt. Bo[w]man, of the North Carolina
Forces fell, much lamented. Major Heme
and two Privates were wounded. The
Enemy's Lofs was reported to be from
Twelve to Sixteen killed. A French Gen-
tleman, who was Volunteer in the Ad:ion,
fays, he counted Eight, and a Highland
Deferter faid, a Col. St. Clair was mortally

"On Friday the 7th Ult., about three
O'clock in the Afternoon, Gen. Woodford

' Lieutenant Colonel John Laurens.

72 Siege of Charlejion.

and his Brigade arrived in Town, after a
moft rapid March of 500 Miles in thirty
Days, in Perfed: Health and high^Spirits.

" On Saturday the 8th,' between 3 and 5
O'clock, the Enemy's Fleet palled Fort
Moultrie in a heavy Gale, and anchored
between Fort Johnfton and the Town, juft
out of Reach of our Guns, where they con-
tinued when he fet off. They were fo
covered with the Thunder Storm as to be
invilible near half the Time of their paf-
fing. One of their Frigates- had a Fore-
top Mart fliot away by the Fort, and a Store
Ship3 was fo injured in her Rudder, as to be
incapable of working, and the Gale being
frefh, (lie went on Shore under the Guns
of our Half Moon Battery, on the Point of
the Illand, which obliged them to burn
her to prevent her falling into our Hands.

' Ramfcy, in his Hiftory ot South Carohna (I, 323), fays,
that this Paffage of the Fleet, occurred on the 7th of April.
The Britifh were favoured by a ftrong Southerly Wind and a
flowing Tide.

- The Richmond, Capt. Charles Hudibn, of 32 Guns.

^ The Acetus, a Tranfport, which ran aground near Haddrell's

Siege of Chaj'lejion. 73

After burning awhile, llie blew up. We
had not a Man hurt in the Fort, tho' they
kept up a brifk Fire as they PafTed.

" Our Garrifon is in good Health and
high Spirits ; the Town well fortified and
defended by a numerous Artillery. Sir
Henry approaches very llowly, and our
Men longing for the Hour in which he
may afford them the Opportunity of teach-
ing the Temerity of his prefent Expedition.
It is reported that we Ihall have ibon a
refpedlable Force in his Rear." — Royal Ga-
zette, May 10.


[From Rivington's Ro\al Gazette, No. 380, May 20, 1780.]

THURSDAY lafl the Schooner
Nancy, Captain Sprainger, ar-
rived in fixteen Days from New
Providence. By her we learn, that a Vef-
fel had arrived there in a fliort PalTage
from Georgia, and brought Advice that the
King's Troops were in Pofleffion of Sulli-

74- Siege of Charlejion.

van's IflanJ ; alfo, that the Britifli Men-of-
War on that Coaft had got within Charlef-
town Bar, except two, and that their Guns
were taken out to facilitate their getting
over. The Siege of Charleflown was car-
rying on with great Vigour, and Accounts
of its Redudtion hourly expedled at Savan-

[From Rivington's Royal Gazette, No. 383, May 31, 1780.]

Confolations for the Lofs of Charlejion [with
Jix Generals and fix Thoufatid Men in
Ar7ns, Shipping and other Trophies, ifmn-
merable atid imfne?fe iii Value), accomplified
on the I 2th Day of May, by General Sir
Henry Clinton, at the Mead of a healthy
afid ifivincible Army ; extraBed from the
New Jerfey Jourtial, dated

Chatham, May 24.

THE Congrefs, we are told, have
obtained a Loan of three Millions
of Pounds from France.
\And we might have had as much from the

Siege of Char leji on. 75

Spaniards, if Admiral Rodney had not inter-

A Gentleman from Middletown Point
informs us, that there certainly is a Fleet
of our Allies on the Coaft, and that feveral
of the Officers had been afhore. 'Tis faid
they conlill of near one Hundred Sail.

\The Cotnte de Rocheambault will be ac-
counted for by Rear Admiral Greaves, when
ere he may approach this Shore.]

Particulars relating to the Conqueji ofCharlef-
tow7i, [the Capital of South Carolina), re-
ceived from his Majejiy's Ship Iris, Capt.

The Garrifon of Charleflown furrendered
Prifoners of War on the i 2th May. The
private Property was allowed to be fecure,
except the Shipping. The Militia, who
had taken the Oath of Allegiance to the
King, 'tis faid, went with Earl Cornwallis
for Camden. The Garrifon of Sullivan's
Illand being fummoned by Capt. Charles
Hudfon (Commander of his Majefty's Ship

76 Siege of Charlejlon.

Richmond, with a Body of Seamen and
Marines on the 8th of May), to furrender
Fort Moultrie; the Commandant anfwered,
it would be defended to the laft Extremity ;
but the Officer carrying the Refufal had
proceeded a little Way on his Return, was
called back, and told that the Storm which
was threatened by Capt. Hudfon, muft
prove a verv ferious Affair, and therefore
his Garrifon had confented to Submiffion ;
and we are informed a quantity of Silver
Plate was found in the Fort, on taking
Polfeffion of it. The Inhabitants of Caro-
lina in general buried their Plate in Charlef-
town, thinking it a fafer Depolitum than
rifquing it under Ground on the Planta-
tions, where, from the Curious and nefari-
ous Curiofity of their Negroes relident on
the Spot, it fliould be difcovered and (lolen ;
and by preferring this Method of Conceal-
ment, they have all fecured their Effe6ts
under the generous and merciful Permiffion
of Sir Henry Clinton, their CON-

Siege of Charlejion. 77

When the Iris left Charleftown his
Excellency, the General, had committed
his Difpatches for Government to the Care
of Major Crofbie and Admiral Arbuthnot,
thofe refpefting the Royal Navy Depart-
ment to Sir Andrew Snape Hammond, who
were embarked in his Majefty's Ship Per-
feus for London.

His Excellency, General Sir Henry
Clinton, detached the main Body of the
Royal Army on the 15th Inftant, under
the Command of Lieutenant General Earl
Cornwallis, to Camden, a principal Town
on Wateree, a Branch of Santee River,
about 100 Miles diftant from Charleftown,
on the Way to Hillfborough County in
North Carolina.

y8 Siege of Charlejion.


[From Rivington's Royal Gazette, No. 385, June 7, 1780.]

YESTERDAY, arrived Major Crolbie,
Aide-de-Camp to his Excellency the
Commander in Chief, with Dif-
patches and further Particulars of the Suc-
cefs of his Majefty's Army in the Conqueft
of Charleftown, the Capital of South Car-
lina, from which the following are ex-
tradied :

At the Surrender of the Town, the fol-
lowing General Officers, Battalions, &c., and
their Commanders were, to the Amount of
fix Thoufand, taken Prifoners.'

Major General Lincoln, the Rebel Com-
mander in Chief

Brigadier Generals Scott, Hogan, Wood-
ford, Mclntofli — Moultrie — ^Du Portail,
Chief Engineer.

1 This Return included every adult Freeman of the Town,
befides between two and three Thoufand Sailors, who had been
taken from the Shipping to man the Batteries, and the Militia
from North and South Carolina.

Siege of Charlejion. 79

Colonel Beekmati s Brigade of Artillery, viz:
Continental Battalion, Independent Com-
pany ; Charleftown Battalion, Cannoniers ;
Firfl: South Carolina Continental Battalion.

Colonel Siniond's Charlejlown Brigade —
Col. Smith's Battalion, Col. Huger's 2d do.,
Mons. de Britigny's Corps.

Brigadier General Scott's Brigade, viz : —
Col. Marian's SouthCarolinians,Col.Thomp-
fon's do., Col. Little's North Carolinians,Col.
Hopkin's Virginians, Col. Stith's do.

Brigadier General Hogan's Brigade — Col.
Clark's North Carolinians, Col. Pattin's
do.. Col. Mawbank's do.

Brigadier General Woodford' s Brigade —
Col. Rulfel's Virginians, Col. Gin's do..
Col. Nevil's do.

Lawrens' s — Light Infantry.

Brigadier General Mclntojh's Brigade of
Coventry, confijling of Militia — Col. May-
bank's, Col. Garden's, Col. Skirvin's, Col.
McDougall's, Col. Giles's, Col. Hick's, Col.
Richardlbn's, Col. Kirlliaw's, Col. Good-
wyn's. Col. Huntington's, Col. Tinning's.

8o Siege of Char left on.

AbJlraSl of the ORDNANCE taken.
Brass Caxxon.

Guns, - - - 21

Mortars, - - - 9

Howitzers, - - i

Iron Guns, - - 280

Fifteen Stand of Regimental Colours,
and 5,416 Stand of French Mufquets.

The immenfe Quantity of Ammunition,
Stores, &c., within the Articles of Capitu-
lation, and other interefting Matters fhall,
with all poffible Difpatch, be publifhed at
large in an extraordinary Gazette.'

This glorious Achievement has been ef-
fected with the Lofs of only j^ Britilli,
German, and Provincial Troops killed, in-
cluding two Enfigns and one Sergeant ; and
189 wounded, including one Captain, 7
Lieutenants and one Sergeant, moft of
them nightly.

' The Contents of this Gazclte, will be found on fubfequent
Pages of this Volume.

Siege of Charlejion. - 8i

ExtraB of a Letter, dated Char left ow7i.
Broad Street, May 22, 1780.

" On the memorable 12th of this Month
I had the Pleafure to fee the 1 3 Stripes,
with feveral white Pendants, levelled to
the Ground, and the Gates of Charleftown
opened to receive our conquering Heroes,
General Sir Henry Clinton and Admiral

" I was feveral Times in our Batteries,
which in many Parts were not more than
thirty Feet from the Enemy's Cannon and
Mufketry, and have had the feeing nearly
all the Operations put in Execution, that
has thrown this gay Metropolis and fur-
priling ftrong Garrifon into our Polfeflion.

" I believe the Congrefs has not felt fo
fevere a Stroke lince the Commencement
of the Rebellion. General Lincoln, with
fix other Generals, and the French Conful,
are made Prifoners, and, with the Rebel
Troops, . Militia included, fix Thoufand
Men. An amazing Quantity of warlike

82 Siege of Char leji on.

Stores, with eight of their Ships of War,
have alfo fallen into our Hands.

" When the Rebels found themfelves
nearly furrounded, they gladly would have
retreated, but General Clinton difpatching
Lord Cornwallis over Cooper's River, ef-
feftually cut off their Retreat.

"The Cannonade that attended the re-
ducing this Place was truly aftonifliing, and
the Shells and CarcalTes thrown from both
Parties was a Sight altogether new to me."

The Difpatches of his Excellency General
Sir Henry Clinton, announcing to his Ma-
jefty and the good People of Great Britain
and Ireland the joyful Event of the Re-
du6lion of the Capital City of South
Carolina, were carried by the Right Hon-
ourable the Earl of Lincoln to the Secre-
tary of State, and thofe from Admiral
Arbuthnot to the Lords of the Admiralty,
by Sir Andrew Snape Hammond.

Siege of Char left on. 83

South Carolina, May 11.
Copy of an intercepted Letter from B. Smith
to Mrs. Benjamin Smith, dated Charlejiown,
2,0th April, 1780.

HAVING never had an Opportunity
of writing to her fince the Enemy
began to attack with Vigour, and
knowing that a thoufand evil Reports will
prevail to increafe her Uneafinefs ; mine I
have fupported pretty well until lall Night,
when I really almoft funk under the Load.
Nothing remains around to comfort me
but a Probability of faving my Life. * *
* * After going through many Difficul-
ties our Affairs are daily declining, and not
a Ray of Hope remains to alfure us of
Succefs. The Enemy have turned the
Siege into a Blockade, which, in a fliort
Time muft have the delired Effeft, and the
moft fanguine do not now entertain the
fmalleft Hope of the Town being faved.

The Enemy h^ve continued their Ap-
proach with Vigour continually, fince I

84 Siege of CharleJ}o?j.

wrote the Enclofed, and are now com-
pleting Batteries about 200 Yards Diftance
from our Lines. They fire but feldom
from their Cannon, but their popping off
Rifles and fmall Arms do frequent Mif-
chief; and every Night throughout they
throw an amazing Number of Shells
amongft our People at the Lines, which,
though not attended with the Damage
that might reafonably be expedted to, do
fome Mifchief. Our Communication is
entirely cut off from the Country (except
by a fmall Boat at great Rifque) by Lord
Cornwallis, who occupies every landing
Place from Haddrel's Point, a confiderable
Way up the River, with two thoufand five
hundred Men. When I lafl wrote, it was
the general Opinion that we could evacuate
the Town at Plealure, but a confiderable
Reinforcement having arrived to the En-
emy, has enabled them to ftrengthen their
Pofts fo effediually as to prevent that

The fame Caufe prevents our receiving

Siege of Char left on. 85

further Supplies of Provilions or Reinforce-
ments, and a Ihort Time will plant the
Britifh Standard on our Ramparts. You
will fee by the enclofed Summons that the
Perfons and Properties of the Inhabitants
will be faved ; and confequently I expert
to have the Liberty of foon returning to
you, but the Army muft be made Prifoners
of War. This will give a rude Shock to
the Independence of America, and a Lin-
colnade will become as common a Term
as a Burgoynade. But I hope we fliall in
Time recover this fevere Blow. ■■' ■^' *
However, before this happens, I hope I
-Ihall be permitted to return Home, where
I mult ftay, as my Situation will not per-
mit me to take any further an acflive Part,
and therefore my abandoning my Property
will fubjed: me to many Inconveniences
and Lolfes, without being any Way fer-
viceable to the Country. * * * *

This Letter will run great Rifk, as it will
be furrounded on all Sides, but as I know
the Perfon to whofe Care it is committed,

86 Siege of Charlejion.

and feel for your uneafy Situation, I cannot
but truft it. Aflure yourfelf that I fhall
fhortly fee you, as nothing prevents Lin-
coln's Surrender but a Point of Honour of
holding out to the lall Extremity. This is
nearly at hand, as our Provilions will foon
fail, and my Plan is to WALK off as foon
as I can obtain Permiffion. * * * *

Should your Father be at Home, make
him acquainted with the Purport of this
Letter and remember me to him, alfo to
your Mother; but do not let the Intelli-
gence go out of the Houfe, * * * but
a mortifying Scene muft firft be encoun-
tered ; the Thirteen Stripes will be levelled
in the Duft, and 1 owe my Life to the
Clemency of a Conqueror. * '^^ '-^
Your ever affe6tionate Hufband,

B. Smith.

[email protected]°" Thofe Parts filled up with Allerifks.. contain Exprcflions
of Tendernefs to his Wife, no ways interefting to the Public,
for which Reafon we have omitted to publifh them.

Siege of Char left on. 87


June 8, 1780.

ON Tuefday laft arrived Major Crofby,
Aide-de-Camp to his Excellency
Sir Henry Clinton, K. B., Exprefs
with Particulars of the Surrender of Charlef-
town, the Capital of South Carolina, with
the Articles of Capitulation, &c. &c.

Copies of Letters and Articles of Capitula-
tion April \o-May ii, 1780.

No. I.


Sir Henry Clinton, K. B., General and
Commander-in-Chiet of his Majefty's
Forces in the Colonies, lying on the At-
lantic from Nova Scotia, &c., &c., &c.,
and Vice Admiral Arbuthnot, Commander-
in-Chief of his Majefty's Ships in North
America, &c., &c., &c., regretting the Ef-

' This Number ot the Royal Gazette was entirely devoted
to News from Charlefton, The Portions in Brackets are from
tlie Gazette of May 27, in which Article No. I was alfo printed.

88 Siege of Charlejion.

fufion of Blood, and the Diftreffes which
muft now commence, deem it confonant to
Humanity to warn the Town and Garrifon
of Charlertown of the Havoc and Deibla-
tion with which they are threatened from
the formidable Force furrounding them by
Sea and Land.

An Alternative is offered at this Hour
to the Inhabitants of faving their Lives and
Property (contained in the Town), or of
abiding by the fatal Confequences of a
Cannonade and Storm.

Should the Place in a fallacious Security,
or its Commander in a wanton Indifference
to the Fate of its Inhabitants, delay the
Surrender ; or fliould public Stores or Ship-
ping be deftroyed, the Refentment of an
exafperated Soldiery may intervene, but
the fame mild and compaliionate Offer can
never be renewed.

The refped:ive Commanders who hereby
lummons the Town, do not apprehend fo
rafh a Part [Step] as further Refiftance
will be taken ; but rather that the Gates

Siege of Charlefio7i. 89

will be opened and themfelves received with
a Degree of Confidence which will forbode
farther Reconciliation.

[H. Clinton,
M. Arbuthnot,
Camp before Charleftown,
April 10, 1780.
To the Officers commanding Charleftown.]

No. II.
Head-Quarters, [Lines of J Charlef

Town, April 10, 1780.
Gentlemen : I have received your Sum-
mons of this Date. '•' * '^ Sixty Days
have palfed fince it was [has been] known
that your Intentions againft this Town
were hoftile, in which Time has been
afforded to abandon it ; '■■' '■' * but
Duty and Inclination point to the Propriety
of fupporting it to the laft Extremity.
I have the Honour to be [Gentlemen]
Your Excellency's humble Servant,
(Signed) B. Lincoln.

[General Clinton,
Admiral Arbuthnot.]

9C Siege of Charlejion.


No. III.
Charles-Town, April 21, 1780.
Sir : I am willing to enter into the Con-
fideration of Terms of Capitulation, * *
if fuch can be obtained as are honourable
for the Army, and fafe for the Inhabitants.
I have to propofe a CelTation of Hoftilities
for fix Hours, for the Purpofe of digefting
fuch Articles.

I have the Honour to be
Your Excellency's obedient Servant,
(Signed) B. Lincoln.

No IV.

Camp Before Charlestown,
April 21, 1780.

Sir: Admiral Arbuthnot, who com-
mands the Fleet, (Lould have been addreffed
jointly with me upon this Occafion.

As I wifh to communicate with him.

Siege of Char left 071. 91

and as I give my Confent to a Ceffation of
Hoftilities for fix Hours, I defire an Aide-
de-Camp may pafs to the Ships with a
Letter, and my Requeft that the Battery
on James Illand may defift firing.

I have the Honour to be, &c.,
(Signed) H. Clinton.

Major General Lincohi.

No. V.

Articles of Capitulation propofed by Major Gen. Lincoln.

Art. I. That all Afts of Hoftility and
Works (hall ceafe between the Naval and
Land Forces of Great Britain and America,
in this State, until the Articles of Capitu-
lation fliall be agreed on, figned and exe-
cuted, or colleftively rejedted.

Art. n. That the Town, Forts and For-
tifications belonging to them, fliall be fur-
rendered to the Commander-in-Chief of
the Britifii Forces fuch as they now ftand.

Art. in. That the feveral Troops garri-
foning the Town and Forts, including the
French and American Sailors, the French

92 Siege of Char lejlon.

Invalids, the North Carolina and South
Carolina Militia, and Tuch of the Charles
Town Militia as may choofe to leave this
Place, fliall have thirty-iix Hours to with-
draw to Lampriere's after the Capitulation
has been accepted and ligned on both Sides ;
* * * and that thofe Troops {hall re-
tire with the ufual Honours of War, and
carry off during that Time their Arms,
Field Artillery, Ammunition, Baggage, and
fuch of their Stores as they may be able to

Art. IV. That after the Expiration of the
thirty lix Hours mentioned in the preced-
ing Article, the Britifli Troops before the
Town (hall take Polfeflion of it, and thofe
now at Wappetaw (hall proceed to Fort

Art. V. That the American Army, thus
collefted at Lampriere's, (hall have ten Days
from the Expiration of the thirty lix Hours
before-mentioned, to march wherever Ge-
neral Lincoln may think proper to the
Eaftward of Cooper River, without any

Siege of Cha?'leJ}on. 93

Movement being made by the Britifli
Troops, or Part of them, out of the Town
or Fort Moultrie.

Art. VI. That the Sick and Wounded of
the American and French Hofpitals, with
their Medicines, Stores, the Surgeons and
Direftors-General, fliall remain in the
Town, and be fupplied with the Necelfaries
requiiite, until Provilion can be made for
their Removal, which will be as fpeedily as

Art. VII. That no Soldier {hall be en-
couraged to defert, or permitted to enlift
on either Side.

Art. VIII. That the French Conful, his
Houfe, Papers, and other moveable Pro-
perty, Ihall be protected and untouched,
and a proper Time granted him for retir-
ing to any Place that may afterwards be
agreed upon between him and the Com-
mander in Chief of the Britilh Forces.

Art. IX. The Continental Ships of War,
BoJio?i, Providence and Ranger, now in this

94 Siege of Charlejlon.

Harbour, with the French Ship of War,
the Adventure, (hall have Liberty to proceed
to Sea, with the necellary Stores on board,
and go unmolefted, the three Former to
Philadelphia and the Latter to Cape Fran-
cois, with the French Invalids mentioned
in Article IIL

Art. X. The Citizens (hall be protected
in their Perfons and Properties.

Art. XL That twelve Months be allowed
fuch as do not chufe to continue under the Bri-
tifh Government, to difpofe of their Effefts,
real and perfonal in the State, without any
Moleftation whatever, or to remove fuch
Part thereof as they chufe, as well as them-
felves and Families, and that during that
Time, they or any of them, may have it at
their Option to refide occalionally in Town
or Country.

Art. XIL That the fame Protedlion to
their Perfons and Properties and the lame
Time for the Removal of their Effedis, be
given to the Subjedls of France and Spain

Siege of Char left 071. 95

refiding amongfl: us, as are required for the
Citizens in the preceding Articles.
Dated at Charlejhwn, April 21, 1780.
(Signed) B. Lincoln.

No. VI.


Camp before Charlestown,
April 21, 1780, eight O'clock at Night

Sir: We have in Anfwer to your third
Article (for we cannot proceed further) to
refer you to our former Offer, as Terms
which although you cannot claim, we yet
confent to Grant.

Thefe, however, muff be accepted imme-
diately, and refponiible Holfages of the
Rank of Field Officers muff be fent as Se-
curities that the Cuffoms of War on thefe
Occalions be ffridtly adhered to, that no Per-
fon of the Garrifon or Inhabitant be per-
mitted to go out, Nothing be removed or
deftroyed, and no Ship or Veifel pafs from
the Town. ,

96 Siege of Char left on.

All dependant Pofts are to be included
in the Surrender, and the Hoftages to be
anfwerable for thefe as for the Town.

Your Anfwer is expected at ten O'clock,
at which Time Hoftilities will commence
again, unlefs our Offers are clofed with.
(Signed) H. Clinton,

M. Arbuthnot.
Major General Lincoln.

No. VII.

Camp before Charlestown,
May 8, 1780.
Sir: Circumftanced as I now am with
Refped: to the Place inveffed, Humanity
only can induce me to lay within your
reach the Terms I had determined Ihould
not again be proffered. The Fall of Fort
Sullivan, the Deffrudtion (on the 6th In-
ftant), of what remained of your Cavalry,
the critical Period to which our Approaches
againff the Town have brought us, mark
this as the Term of your Hopes of Succour

Siege of Charlejlon. 97

(could you ever have framed any), and as an
Hour beyond which Refinance is Temerity.

By this lafl: Summons, therefore, I throw
to your Charge whatever vindiftive Severity
exafperated Soldiers may inflift on the un-
happy People, whom you devote by perfe-
vering in a fruitlefs Defence.

I fhall expedt your Anfwer again until
eight O'clock, when Hoftilities will com-
mence again, unlefs the Town be furren-
dered, &c., &c.

(Signed) H. Clinton.

Major General Lincoln.


Charlestown, May 8, 1780.
Sir : Your Letter to me of this Date is
now under Conlideration. There are fo
many different Interefts to be confulted,
that I have to propofe that Hoflilities do
not again commence till Twelve.

(Signed) B. Lincoln.

His Excellency Sir Henry Clinton.

9 8 Siege of Charlejion.

No. IX.

May 8, 1780.
Sir: I confent that Hoftilities fhall not
again commence before the Hour of
Twelve, as you defire.
♦ I have the Honour to be, Sir, &c.,

1 2 4 6 7 8 9 10

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