Franklin Benjamin Hough.

The siege of Charleston : by the British fleet and army, under the command of Admiral Arbuthnot and Sir Henry Clinton, which terminated with the surrender of that place on the 12th of May, 1780 online

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Y Sir Henry Clinton, Knight of the
Bath, General of his Majefty's Forces,
and Mariot Arbuthnot, Efquire,
Vice Admiral of the Blue, his
Majelliy's Commiffioners to reftore
Peace and good Government in the
feveral Colonies in Rebellion in
North America.


His Majefty having been pleafed, by his
Letters Patent, under the Great Seal of
Great Britain, to appoint us to be his Com-
miffioners to reftore the Bleffings of Peace
and Liberty to the feveral Colonies in Re-
bellion in America, we do hereby make
Public his moft gracious Intentions, and, in
Obedience to his Commands, DO DE-
CLARE, to fuch of his deluded Subie(fts

Siege of Char lejl on. 179

as have been perverted from their Duty by
the factious Arts of felf-interefted and
ambitious Men, that they will ftill be re-
ceived with Mercy and Forgivenefs, if they
immediately return to their Allegiance,
and a due Obfervance of thofe Laws and
that Government which they formerly
boafted was their befl Birthright and no-
blefl: Inheritance ; and upon a due Experi-
ence of the Sincerity of their Profellions,
a full and free Pardon will be granted for
the treafonable Offences which they have
hitherto committed, in fuch Manner and
Form as his Majefty's Commiffion doth

Neverthelefs, it is only to thofe who,
convinced of their Errors, are firmly refolved
to return, and fupport the Government under
which they were formerly fo happy and
free, that thefe gracious Offers are once
more renewed ; and therefore thofe Perfons
are excepted who, notwithftanding their
prefent hopeful Situation, and regardlefs of
the accumulating Prefure of the Miferies of

i8o Siege of Charlejion.

the People, which their infatuated Conduft
muft contribute to increal'e, are neverthe-
lefs ftill lb hardened in their Guilt as to
endeavour to keep alive the Flame of
Rebellion in this Province, which will
otherwife foon be reinftated in its former
Profperity, Security and Peace.

Nor can we at Prefent refolve to extend
the Royal Clemency to thofe who are
pointed with the Blood of their Fellow
Citizens, moft wantonly and inhumanly
(hed under the mock Forms of Juftice,
becaul'e they retul'ed Submiffion to an Ufur-
pation which they abhorred, and would not
oppofe that Government with which they
deemed themfelves inl'eparably connefted.
And in Order to give Quiet and Content
to the Minds of his Majefty's faithful and
well affedted Subjefts, WE do again allure
them that they lliall have effectual Coun-
tenance, Protedtion and Support ; and as
foon as the Situation of the Province will
admit, the Inhabitants will be reinftated in
the PolTeflion of all thofe Rights and Immu-

Siege of Charlejion.


nities which they heretofore enjoyed under
a free Britifli Government, exempt from
Taxation, except by their own Legillature.
And we do hereby call upon all his Ma-
jefty's faithful Subjects to be aiding with
their Endeavours, in Order that a Meafure
fo conducive to their own Happinefs, and
the Welfare and Profperity of the Province,
may be the more fpeedily and eafily at-

Given under our Hands and Seals at
Charleftown, the iirft Day of June, in the
twentieth Year of his Majefty's Reign, and
in the Year of our Lord One Thoufand
Seven Hundred and Eighty.

Henry Clinton,
Mariot Arbuthnot.

By their Excellency's Command,
James Simpfon, Secretary.

1 82 Siege of Charlejion,


Y his Excellency Sir Henry Clin-
ton, K. B., General and Com-
mander-in-Chief of his Majefty's
Forces in the feveral Provinces in
America, on the Atlantic from Nova
Scotia to Well: Florida inclulive.


Whereas, after the Arrival of his Ma-
jefty's Forces under my Command, in this
Province in February laft. Numbers of
Perfons voluntarily furrendered themfelves,
or were made Prifoners by his Majefty's
Forces, and were afterwards difmiifed upon
their refpeftive Paroles. And whereas,
fince the Surrender of Charleftown, and
the Defeats and Difperlion of the Rebel
Forces, it is become unnecefTary that fuch
Paroles fliould be any longer obferved ; and
it is fit and proper that all Perfons fhould
take an adtive Part in fettling and fecuring

Siege of Char lejion. 183

his Majefty's Government, and delivering
the Country from the Anarchy, which for
fome Time pad hath prevailed. I do
therefore ilfue this my Proclamation, to
declare that all the Inhabitants of this
Province who are now Prifoners upon
Parole, and were not in a military Line,
thofe who were in Charleftown and Fort
Moultrie at the Times of their Capitula-
tion and Surrender, or were then in aftual
Confinement excepted, that from and after
the twentieth of June Inftant, they are
freed and exempted from all fuch Paroles,
and may hold themfelves as reftored to all
the Rights and Duties belonging to Citi-
zens and Inhabitants. And all Perfons
under the Defcriptions above mentioned,
who ihall afterwards negled; to return to
his Allegiance and to his Majefty's Govern-
ment, will be conlidered as Enemies and
Rebels to the fame, and treated accordingly.
Given under my Hand and Seal at
Charleftown, the third Day of June, Anno
Domini One Thoufand Seven Hundred and

184 Siege of Charlejlon.

Eighty, and in the twentieth Year of his
Majefty's Reign.

H. Clinton.
By his Excellency's Commands,
Peter Ruflel, Affift. Secretary.


[From Rivington's Royal Gazette, No. 390, June 24, 1 780.]

THE Siege of the City of Lille, in
1708, lafted feventy-one Days, and
coft Great Britain and the Allies
eight thoufand brave Soldiers.

The Siege of Quebec, in 1759, coft our
Nation (including the Check received at
Montmorency Falls), about 1,300 Veterans ;
and the Operations lafted 49 Days.

The Siege oi C hat^ lejiown ■a.nA the Conqueft
of the Rebellion in South Carolina coft their
Excellencies, General Sir Henry Clinton
and Vice Admiral Arbuthnot, no more than
76 Officers and Privates killed, and 189
wounded ; add to which that of the Royal

Siege of Charlejlon, 185

Navy, 14 Seamen killed, and 15 wounded.
The Siege lafted forty-two Days, and all
the Operations wer^ conducted with that
Harmony and Ardour which ever diftin-
guifhed the moll confummate Captains in
ancient and modern Hiftory.

Lafl: Thurfday a French Polacre was fent
in here by one of his Majefty's Ships.

" His Majefty's Birth Day was celebrated
at Charleftown with ail the Demonftrations
of Joy. * * * Xhe Colours were dif-
played upon the Ships, and various Forts;
the Chimes began at lix O'clock in the
Morning to play 'GOD SAVE THE
KING,' and continued (the Time of Divine
Service excepted) all Day. At one, P. M.,
a royal Salute was fired from the Ships and
Batteries, and in the Evening numerous
Companies affembled to drink his Majefty's
Health, Succefs to the Britifti Arms, long
Life and never fading Laurels to General
Sir Henry Clinton, and Admiral Arbuth-
not, &c., &c.

" Nothing could equal the Hatred that

1 86 Siege of Char lejlon.

fubfifts between the Carolinians and the
northern Rebels. The former now find
that they have been abominably cozened
by the Latter, who were in Practice of
coming to Charleftown with their Veflels
in Balaft, and lading them with Indigo,
Tobacco, and Rice, for their Paper Dollars,
which have been fo long of very ^little
Value, but are now of no Value ; fo that
the Charadter of a D — 1, or a New Eng-
land Rebel, is equally contemptable in


Dated May 31.
" "V Z'OU will obferve by the Orders
W ilTued by his Excellency the Com-
mander-in-Chief, and ordered to
be printed, the Specimen which the brave
Colonel Tarleton has given us of his Abili-
ties ; but permit me to add, that a great
Quantity of Plate, Stores and valuable Mer-
chandize which had been fent from this

Siege of Charlejlon. 187

Town during the Siege, and depolited about
Camden, has fallen into the Hands of our
brave and victorious Army. This laft Ac-
count is given by the Rebels, w^ho fpeak
very feelinglv upon the Occalion. It will
not, however, be in the Power of the
Rebels to colled; fuch another Body of Men
for DifFediion in Carolina. The Country
People come in from all Parts, even thofe
who have been the moft violent, and the
greatefl: Confequence among the Rebels,
have now abjured the Congrefs. A Militia
to lerve any fix Months in the enfuing
twelve is raifing, and will, I am perfuaded,
amount to 2,000 Men, tolerably acquainted
with the Ufe of Arms, and fuperior to the
Troops which the Rebels can bring againft
them. Between two and three thoufand
Men have come in from the Country,
fworn Allegiance, got Certificates, and re-
turned. In Fa6t, the whole Province, fince
the Affair above Camden, may be faid to
be at the King's Peace. North Carolina
muft fall of Courfe. It is faid that a large

1 88 Siege of Char lejion.

Body of the Inhabitants of that Colony
are now in Arms in Behalf of Government.
Every Thing now has the fineft Profpeil.
Our Markets for fome Days paft have been
amply fupplied with frefh Provifions, at
about four Pence per Pound. The Works
made by our Army in their Approaches to
the Town are demoliflied, and the Trenches
filled up, fo that if Monfieur chufes to pay
us a Vifit, he will find fuch a Reception as
he did at Savannah."

[From the New Jerley Jomnal, June 21.]

WE are afiured that the Britifh
Army fuffered greatly during
the Siege of Charleftown ; their
whole Lofs being eftimated at 2,000. Some
fell by the Sword, fome were Vidlims to
Fatigue and Difeafe, and others judged it
prudent to run away."

" "The preceding Paragraph lays the Printer
wider a Necejity of repriblijhing a genuine

Siege of Charlefton. 189

Return of the Killed and Woimded of the
Royal Army of Char left own, viz. :

" Total Britijl:), German atid Provijicial. —
2 Efifgns, I Serjeant, 73 Rank and File
killed ; i Captain, 7 Lieutenants, 2 Serjeants,
1 79 Rank and File wounded.

" In all the Rebel Accoujits of this Siege,
much Mifreprefetitation and fliabby Cunning
are vifible. The Fallacy of the misftated Re-
turn of Killed, Wounded and Prifoners of
their own Rafcallions is prepari?ig, and JJjall
be pointed out in a Jldort Time. They know
the Britijh Troops never ran : never run —
unlefs in Purfuit of a fugitive Enemy. Their
Leader, General Lee [the bef Soldier that ever
conmianded them), reprehended fome of his Men
who had exclaimed, the Britifh Grenadiers
were running away at Freehold. Says this
General, ' tis falfe, the Britiflj Grenadiers
never run away.' "

■i' ^ ^ "On Sunday laft [June 16,
1780], two Deferters came out ot Eliza-
bethtown, who report that a Fleet had
arrived from the Southward with Part of

I go Siege of Charlejlon.

that Army, and that the Enemy were for-
tifying at the Point."


[From Rivington's Royal Gazette, No. 391, June 28, 1780. j

ON Sunday, arrived the Speedwell
Pacquet, Capt. Spargo, from Fal-
mouth, which Port he left on the
1 6th Ult., and brings the following Intelli-

[From the London Gazetle ]

Whitehall, April 26, 1780.
ExtraB of a Letter from Sir Henry Cli}ito?i,
Knight of the Bath, to Lord George Ger-
main, dated Head iluarters, fames Ijland,
South Caroli?ia, March 9, 1780, Received
by the fivift Packet Nichols, from New

"My laft Difpatch, No. 83, will have
informed your Lordlhip, that the Admiral
and I only wanted pofitive Information

Siege of Charlejlon. igi

concerning Count D'Eftaing's Fleet, to put
to Sea. Intelligence of their having quit-
ted the Coaft, arrived late in December,
and the Troops having been fome Time
embarked, the Admiral was enabled to Sail
the 26th.

" I will trouble your Lordfhip with no
other Particulars of a very tedious Voyage,
in uncommon bad Weather, than to men-
tion : that in our Loifes of Tranfports, the
Lives of the Crews have been faved ; that
only one Ship is milling, having on board a
Detachment of Hellians, and fuppofed to
have borne away for the Weft Indies; but
that we have to regret the total Lofs of
an Ordnance Ship, which foundered at
Sea, and of much the greater Part of the
Horfes brought for Cavalry or other Pur-

" It was judged beft to proceed by fecond
Navigation, from Tybee to North Edifto,
and from thence to pafs to John's and next
to James Ifland. By a Bridge over Wap-

192 Siege of Charlejion.

poo Cut, we have from this laft, gained
the Banks of Afhley River.

" My Intention is, to pafs to the Neck.
of Charleflown, as foon as poffible. The
Enemy, I find, have collefted their whole
Force to that Place. This is laid not to
exceed 5,000 Men at Prefent, but Rein-
forcements are daily expefted. In the mean
Time, as the Rebels have made the De-
fence of Charleflown their principal Objedt,
I have determined on my Part, to alfemble
in greater Strength before it ; and with
this View, have called immediately to this
Army, a Corps I had left in Georgia. They
will pafs the Savannah River, and join me
by Land.

" The Force afloat at Charleflown, is
four Rebel and one French Frigate, with
an old Gun Ship, and fome Brigs and Gal-

"Although our long Voyage, and una-
voidable Delays fince, have given the Re-
bels Time to fortify Charleflown towards

Siege of Charlejlon, ig-^

the Land, a Labour their Number of Ne-
groes has greatly facihtated, yet, confiding
in the Merit of the Troops I have the
Honour to command, in the great Affift-
ance I have from Earl Cornwallis, and the
further Co-operation of the Navy, I enter-
tain great Hopes of Succefs.

" I cannot clofe my Letter without ex-
preffing how much I am obliged hitherto
to Admiral Arbuthnot, for the Affiftance
given me through Capt. Elphinftone, who
as yet has been chiefly employed in the
naval Tranfadlions immediately relative to
the Army. This Gentleman's unremitted
Attention to us, from his fo ably and fuc-
cefsfully conducting the Tranfports into
North Edifto, to this Hour, with the great
Benefit I have derived from his Knowledge
of the inland Navigation of this Part of
the Coaft, merit my warmeft Thanks.

" P. S. Since the above, a Reinforcement
is arrived in Charleftown, laid to confift of
2,000 Men, from the Northern Army."

194- Siege of Char left on,


Philadelphia, June 14, 1780.

EVERAL Gentlemen, who
have laid Wagers whether
Charleftown is taken or
not, have agreed to pay in their Winnings,
let it be on which Side it may, to the Cof-
fee Houfe Subfcriptions, now on Foot for
railing, by voluntary Donations, a Fund of
Hand Money to be given in Bounties for
recruiting the Pennfylvania Line up to its
full Complement of Men. The Boafts of
the Day are, ' Spirited Meafures, a brilk
Campaign, and Conqueft. The Whigs
•will, and TovitsfiallJ " — New yerfey Jour-
nal, ii. No. Ixxi, June 21, 1780.


[From Rivington's Royal Gazette, No. 391, June 28, 1780.]

AS his Worm eaten Volumes old Time fumbled o'er.
To view the great Adtions which happened of yore,
With a Sigh then he faid, "What, has Britain no Friend.?

Siege of Charlejlon. 195

Are her long Race of Heroes now conic to an End ? "
When Inftant, a Blafl on her Trumpet Fame blew.
Which fo long has been filent the Sound he fcarce knew.
Full confefled to his Sight, then the Goddefs appear'd.
And half out of Breath cry'd, " The News have you heard ?
" Father Time, I've one Hero to add to your Store ;
" Brave CLINTON has conquered : RebeUion's no more ! "
Well pleafed, in his Annals, Time wrote down the Name,
Made the Record authentic, and gave it to Fame.


[From Rivington's Royal Gazette, No. 392, July 1, 1780,]

THTL following Paragraphs are copied
from the Independent Chronicle,
dated^o^on, June 8, 1780.
" The Britons are known to out do all
the World in fabricating political News
that can only anfwer the Purpofe of a Day.
RIVINGTON, publiOier of a New York
Paper, has proved himfelf an Adept thro'
the Courfe of the War in this Kind of
Manufa6ture. The following Account of
the taking of Charleftown (for the Truth

196 Siege of Charlejion.

of which there is not a fingle Name, either
of Officer or Private to vouch), rells upon
the Authority of this notable IntelHgencer.
"There are too many Improbabilities in
the Account itfelf to be particularly men-
tioned, but which the difcerning Reader
will eafily difcover. Befides which, there
are feveral Letters in Town, from the beft
Authority, affuring us that official Accounts
have been received at Congrefs, and at
Head-Quarters, that Charleftown was fafe
on the loth of May; two Days after RI-
VINGTON tells us Fort Moultrie furren-
dered to a Handful of Men. Thefe Ac-
counts add, that our brave General and his
Forces were in Health and the beft Spirits,
and determined to defend the Place to the
laft Extremity. But we think it proper
that our Readers ffiould judge for them-
felves and hear RIVINGTON tell his own
Story, brought, as he fays, by the Iris, to
New York, tho' there is good Ground to
believe that the Iris did not come from
Charleftown from other Circumftances be-

Siege of Charlejlon. 197

fides her not bringing a iingle official

\After this Paragraph, the dubious Nathan
Willis, inferted in his Chronicle, the Parti-
culars as pub liflie din]. Rivington's Gazette,
and to refute the whole, adds the following
Paragraph : ]

"The Poft that arrived laft Evening in-
forms that two Gentlemen from Long
Illand brought politive Accounts that all
was well at Charleftown on the i8th of

l|^g=^ To verify the AJfertions quejiioned by
this incredulous Boflonian, our Printer quotes
the Difpatches publijhed at Philadelphia by
Congrefs, announcing the Surrender of Charlef-
town, with 7 or 8,000 Land and Sea Forces,
the Continental Navy, and other Shipping in
the Harbour, all the neighbouring Fortif ca-
tions, including the boajled Fort Moultrie, with
the Cannon, Ordnance and other Stores, to an
inmienfe Amount ; * * * and for the
Reality of his Majejiys Ship Iris, having firji
brought us thefe mojl glad Tidings from the

198 Siege of Charlejion.

Place of Conqueji, an Unbeliever ?nay be ef-
feSiually convinced by applying on board the
Iris Frigate.

This Repetition is inferted by Way of co?i-
vincing the Infidels without our Lities, that
the Town is Taken, and their Army Lin-



[From the New Jerfey Gazette, June 23.]

" "^"^ 'T^2lX& forry to inform our Readers
y Y that the Garrifon of Charlef-
town, confifting of 2,571, Con-
tinental Troops, including Officers of every
Rank, furrendered Prifoners of War on the
1 2th Ult. ; but the Particulars coming late
to Hand, and being very lengthy, are de-
ferred till our next."

Siege of Char leflon. 199


Bermuda, June 20, 1780.

[From Rivington's Royal Gazette, No. 395, July 12, 1780.]

" "W" ET me now congratulate you on
I J the glorious Succefs of his Ma-
jefty's Arms in the Redudiion of
Charleftown and the Province of South
Carolina. This good News was brought
hither by Captains Ord of the Virginia,
and the Gambler of the Raleigh, on the
17th Inftant. We are informed that Lord
Cornwallis, with 4,000 Troops, was pro-
ceeding into North Carolina, meeting with
no Oppofition, and make no Doubt of that
Province being now in our PolTeflion.
The Hillfborough Packet, from Jamaica
to London, was taken by a little Fleet from
Baltimore to Euftatia ; and on the 29th of
May was retaken by the Hamond Priva-
teer, Capt. Graham, off the Capes of Vir-
ginia, and brought in here."

200 Siege of Charlefion.


[From the New Jerfey Journal, Julv 5.]

Philadelphia, June 24.
" "¥" AST Thurfday the Ship Friendjhip,
I J Capt. Coldftream, a Cartel from
Charleftown, arrived at Chefler
with General Lincoln and his Suite, who
came to Town laft Night. In the fame
VeiTel were Commodore Whipple of Rhode
Ifland, and all the fubaltern marine Officers
belonging to the Fleet taken there." —
Royal Gazette, July i 2.


July 2, 1780.
" "^ '\ T E are all very quie there. Thefe
Y V Provinces are entirely in the
King's Peace. Not a Rebel dare
ihow his Nofe. The Communication be-
tween Charlellown and Savannah is as
open as in Time of Peace ; not a fingle

Siege of Char left on. 201

military Poft upon the Road. Lord Corn-
wallis is at Charleftown."


[From Rivington's Royal Gazette, No. 396, July 15, 1780.]

LAST Night, a Ship arrived from
Charlejiown [South Carolina), and
we have now received Letters, of
which the following are a few RxtraBs.

ExtraB of a Letter from Charlejhwft.
"Since the 1 2th of May laft. Rebellion
has difappeared in this Province. Tarleton
gave her the laft Blow as flie fled over the
Banks of Lynch's Creek. From that Time
there has been a Tranquility that amazes
me. People of all Claffes travel fingly and
in all Direftions, unarmed and unmolefted.
The Communication with Savannah is un-
interrupted ; our Markets are well fupplied
and cheap. Many of the Prifoners have
been fent away from hence, but a Man in
high Office amongft them has fo far forgot

202 Siege of Charlejion.

his Integrity as meanly to break his Parole,
and fly like a Villain. The Name of this
Man is Pendleton. Your Friend, Colonel
Turnbull, is very well at Camden."


fFrom Rivington's Royal Gazette, No. 397, July 19, 1780.]

I AST Friday Rvenijig, arrived the
J Ship Minerva, Capt. Spears, in ele-
ven Days from Charlejiown, by whom
we have received the following, viz :

Charlestown, June 26.
Yeflerday, his Excellency Lieutenant
General Earl Cornwallis, with his Suite,
came to Town, for the flrft Time lince its
Redudlion. The principal Officers and
Gentlemen of every Department of the
Royal Army, waited upon his Lordlhip
with their warmeft Congratulations upon
the Occafion. The Bells were rung with
great Glee, and an inexpreffible Joy was
diffufed in every loyal Countenance.

Siege of Charlejion. 203


[From Rivington's Royal Gazette, No. 415, Sept. 20, 1780.]

THE following is a correft Lift of
the Confpirators and Incendiaries,
fent on board the Lord Sandwich,
on the 28th of Auguft :'

ChriftopherGadefden, William HazelGibb^s.
[Lieut. Gov.] Edward McCr[e]ady.

Thomas Fergufon. David Ramfay.
Anthony Toomer. John Todd.

' Dr. Ramfay, the Hiftorian of South Carolina, who was
himfelf of this Number, gives i. Lift whicli differs from the
above in the Manner we have indicated by the Additions in
Brackets. The Names and Letters in Italic, are not found in
his Lift, while the Names of John Edwards and Thomas Hall
are given by him, but omitted above.

According to this Author, thefe Citizens were taken up early
on the Morning of the 27th, by armed Parties and brought to
the Exchange. From thence they were conveyed by the Sand-
wich to St. Auguftine, where, upon renewing their Paroles, they
were allowed the Liberty of the Town, but were treated with
Indignities unfuitable to their former Rank and Condition. Mr.
Gadfden expreffed his refentment at this Treatment, by refufing
a fecond Parole, and bore with great Fortitude a clofe Imprifon-
ment in the Caftle at that Place for forty-two Weeks.

204- Siege of Charlejlon.

Alexander Moultrie. George Flagg.

Jacob Read. Feter Fayjfoux.

Richard Hutfon. Jofiah Smith.

Edward Blake. Johi [Jofeph] Parker

After their Arrcfl at Charlefton, Guards were placed in their
Houfes, private Papers were examined, and Reports damaging to
their Charafters were circulated. From the Time of their Re-
moval, " St. Augufline" was threatened to Others, and on the
15th of November, the following named Citizens were alfo
(hipped to that Place : Jofeph Bee, Richard Beresford, John
Berwick, Daniel Bordeaux, Benjamin Cudworth, Henry Crouch,
John Splact Cripps, Edw-ard Darrell, Daniel DeffaulTure, George
A. Hall, Thomas Grimball, Noble Wimberly Jones, William
Lee, William Logan, Arthur Middleton, Chriftopher Peters,
Benjamin Poftell, Samuel Proileau, Philip Smith, Benjamin
Walker, James Wakefield, Edward Weyman and Morton Wil-
kinfon. Befides thefe Citizens, moft of whom were entitled to
the Benefits of the Capitulation of Charlefton, General Ruther-
ford and Colonel Ifaacs, who had been taken at Camden in Au-

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Online LibraryFranklin Benjamin HoughThe siege of Charleston : by the British fleet and army, under the command of Admiral Arbuthnot and Sir Henry Clinton, which terminated with the surrender of that place on the 12th of May, 1780 → online text (page 8 of 10)