Franklin Ellis.

History of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men online

. (page 123 of 193)
Online LibraryFranklin EllisHistory of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men → online text (page 123 of 193)
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Candless, S. S. Chevera, G. W. Easter, Timothy
O'Connell, and W. G. Stone. Rev. Mr. Stone, the
present rector, began his labors in 1877. Rev. J. J.
McElhinney was the first rector of Trinity to wear a
surplice. Tliis was in 1846.

Trinity is now a prosperous parish, and owns not
only a house of worship but two parsonages. The
cliurch membership is fifty-five, and that of the
Sunday-school about sixty. The wardens are Robert
A. Mcllvaine and George A. Torrance. The vestry-
men are E. K. Hyndman, E. Y. Goodchild, Thomas
R. Torrance, Tliomas Turner, Charles P. Ford, Henry
Wickham, a'ul E. A. Jones. The Sunday-school su-
perintendent is Cliarles P. Ford.

Besiilr> Trinity L'lnirch there is but one other re-
ligious (Jiiiani /.at imi in Xew Haven, the Zion Methodist
Episco]i:il Alrican Church, whose house of worship
was built in tlie summer of 1880.



James Paiill, who lived in Fayette County from
cliildhood tn uld age, and was one of its ))roniiiient
and most Inmorcd citizens, was born in Frederick
(now Berkeley) County, Va., Sept. 17, 17(J0, and in
1768 removed to the West with the family of his
flither, George Paull, who then settled in tluit part of
Westmorehuid County which afterwards l)rcanie Fay-
ette; his location being the Gist iici:jhlH.rlio..(l, in tlie
present townsliip of Dunbar, whicli was the home of
James Paull during the remainder of his long Hie.
Judge Veech says of him that "early in life he
evinced qualities of heart and soul calculated to ren-
der him conspicuous, added to which was a physical
constitution of the hardiest kind. Throughout his
long life his bravery and patriotism, like his gener-
osity, knew no limits. He loved enterprise and ad-
venture as he loved his friends, and shunned no ser-
vice or dangers to which they called him. He came
to manhood just when such men were needed."

In the early part of his life James Paull was much
engaged in military service, and in it his record was
that of a brave, honorable, and efficient soldier and
officer. His military experience began in 1778, when,
as a boy of eighteen years, he was drafted for a tour
of duty in the guarding of Continental stores at Fort
Burd, on the Monongahela, under Capt. Robert Mc-
Glaughlin. Three years later— in 1871— he was made

a first lieutenant by Thomas Jefferson, Governor of
Virginia, and in that grade served with a company
raised largely by his efTorts, and which formed a part
of the expedition which went down the Ohio under
Gen. George Rogers Clarke on a projected campaign
against Detroit, as is mentioned in the Revolutionary
chapters of this history. Upon the fiiilure of that
expedition he returned on foot through the wilder-
ness from the Falls of the Ohio (Louisville, Ky.) to
Morgantown, Va., and thence home, being accom-
panied by the men of his own command and also the
officers and men of Maj. Isaac Craig's artillery, of
Pittsburgh. In 1782 he served a short tour of duty
as a private soldier at Turtle Creek, above Pitts-
burgh, and at its close joined (still as a private) the
expedition of Col. William Crawford against San-
dusky. The story of the hardships and perils which
he met in that disastrous campaign, and the manner
of his almost miraculous escape from the savages, has
been told in preceding pages. Again in 1783 and
1784 he was engaged in frontier service against Indian
incursions along the southwest border of the State.
In 1790 he served in the grade of major and lieuten-
ant-colonel under Gen. Harmar in the unsuccessful
campaign of that officer against the Indians in the
Mauniee country, and in this, as in all his military
service, he acquitted himself most honorably. This
was the end of his military experience. Having
married, he settled down to the comforts of domestic
life and the pursuits of agriculture, in which he was
eminently successful. He reared a large and most
respectable family, seven sons — James, George, John,
Archibald, Thomas, William, and Joseph — and one
daughter, — Martha, who became the wife of William
Walker. He had some concern in iron manufacture,
and was occasionally in middle life a down-river
trader. But he was a lover of home, with its quiet
cares and enjoyments. He was never ambitious for
office, and the only one he ever held was that of
sherift' of Fayette Cimnty from 1793 to 1796. Col.
Paull was'a man of perfect and unquestioned integrity
and truth, and of the most generous and her'iic im-
pulses. He died in Dunbar township, July 9, 1841,
aged nearly eighty-one years.

The Scotch-Irish Mcllvaines of America point to
Ayrshire, Scotland, as the home of their ancestors,
and revert to a, period as far back as 1315, when Ed-
ward, brother of Robert Bruce, led a large force into
Ireland with the purpose of expelling the English
troops from the soil of Erin, great numbers of his
soldiers and retainers remaining in Ireland and
(bunding what is known as the Scotch-Irish race,
many of whom migrated to America in colonial
times, and among whom were the ancestors of Robert
A. Mcllvaine, of New Haven, Fayette Co., whose
father, John Mcllvaine, was a native of Delaware,


UL / ^(^ J^iyl.-^^C^.-'^-Z.'^—




where in 1796 he married Sarah AVhite, by whom he
had ten cliildren, six born in Delaware. In 1813 he
with liis family left his native State, in the latter part
of June, for Washington County, Pa., arriving there
after a tedious journey — a great undertaking in those
days — in the early part of August, and locating on
Pike Run. In the same county two of his uncles,
George and Grier Mcllvaine, were then living, and
also two of his brothers-in-law, Fisher and James

On the 2.1th of August, 1814, his son, Robert An-
drew, w.os born, and in October of the same year
John Mcllvaine moved to Connellsvilie, where he
lived until March, 1815, when he moved across the
river into New Haven, a town at that time com-
prising about twenty dwellings and a few shops.
Here, in 1815, Mrs. Mcllvaine taught a small school,
and counted among her pupils Margaret and Eliza
Connell, daughters of Zachariah Connell, the founder
of Connellsvilie. This school was one of the pioneer
educational enterprises of the village. While living
here three children were born to Mr. Mcllvaine, —
Sarah, Isaac, and Eliza. The parents instructed
their children in the precepts and practices of Chris-
tianity, and endeavored to impress them with a sense
of the importance of htibits of industry and frugality.

John Mcllvaine died in 1850, in his seventy-ninth
year, Sarah, his wife, having gone before him in 1835,
in her fifty-second year. Of their ten children only
four survive, — Mary Tarr, the oldest survivor, a resi-
dent of Bethany, Westmoreland Co., Pa., in her sev-
enty-sixth year; James, aged seventy-three, now of
AVashington County, a gentleman distinguished for
his benevolence as well as great business ability;
Isaac, the youngest survivor, residing near Pitts-
burgh ; and Robert A., the subject of this sketch,
who is sixty-seven years of age, and lives in New
Haven, where he has spent the greater part of his
life, actively identified with the business and growth
of the i>lace.

In the early part of 1853, Mr. Mcllvaine, after
having been engaged, with the ordinary share of suc-
cess, in various avocations of life, entered upon the
business of a druggist, earning an exceptional repu-
tation therein for scientific accuracy in the com-
pounding of medicines, and securing the confidence
of a large circle of customers thereby, as well as aug-
menting his own financial resources. From this busi-
ness he withdrew in 1876, and though keeping a
watchful eye over his affairs, now lives in compara-
tive retirement, unpretentious in his habits, and
greatly preferring to fields of public duty the quiet
enjoyments of home.

In May, 1841, Mr. Mcllvaine married Miss Susan
King, an estimable young lady and former resident
of Westmoreland County, Pa. Of this union four
children were born, the first not surviving its birth.
The others — Josephine, Gertrude, and Ada — grew
up to maturity, and were in proper time given the

best educational advantages at command. Josejihine
graduated at Beaver Female Seminary and Institute,
Gertrude at the Washington Female Semiiuiry, and
Ada was educated in the Moravian Seminary at Beth-
lehem, Pa.

In 1868 Gertrude was married l.i Thomns 1!,. Tor-
rence, of New Haven. In 1871 Mr. Mcllvaine lost
his daughter Josephine, who died only four months
before her mother, ^Trs. Busan K. Mcllvaine, who
expired in the fifty-second year of her age. In 1872
Ada married Dr. Ellis Phillips, of New Haven. Mr.
Mcllvaine and all his children are members of the
Episcopal Church, the office of senior warden having
been filled by him since 1854. He has five living
grandchildren, — Josephine, Catharine, and Robert
Mcllvaine Torrence, and Ada and James Mcllvaine
Phillips,— two having died in infancy,— Thomas Tor-
rence and Gertrude Ellisa Phillips.


le not only for his ripe old age, but for his
well-spent life, as also by reason of his almost classic,
chastened lace and fine presence and port as a gen-
tlrniiui, ami for those acute instincts and sensitivities
wliicli bi'ldiiL' only to tlie scholarly man of thought, is
tlie Rev. .loel Stoneroad, who has been identified for
over half a century with Fayette County, doing ex-
cellent work in moulding its moral character and
disciplining its intellectual forces.

This gentleman is of German descent, the name
Stoneroad being the English translation of the German
"Steinway," and was born near Lewistown, Mifflin
Co., Jan. 2, 1806, the son of Lewis and Sarah Gardner
Stoneroad, both natives of Lancaster County, the
name of the former's father (Mr. Stoneroad's grand-
father) having also been Lewis. Mr. Stoneroad was
educated at a common country school and at Lewis-
town Academy, under Rev. Dr. James S. Woods, a
son-in-law of the famous Rev. Dr. Witherspoon, then
president of Princeton College, N. J., at which acad-
emy he remained for a year and a half, there apply-
ing himself to study with such remarkable assiduity
and cleverness in acquirement as in that brief period
of time to fit himself to enter the junior class of Jef-
ferson College, Washington, Pa., as he did in the fall
of 1825, graduating from that institution in 1827;
whereafter he entered the Theological Department or
Seminary of Princeton College (New Jersey), where
he remained three years, taking (what was then not
the custom to do) the full course, and receiving a
diploma. Leaving the seminary he was licensed to
preach, and returned home to Mifflin County, whence,
with saddle, bridle, and horse, provided him by his
father, he set out upon missionary work, under the
commission of the Board of Home Missions, and be-
took himself at first to Hancock County, Md., where
he preached his first sermon, and from thence to Mor-
gantown, and Kingwood, Preston Co., W. Va., at which



place he continued in his missionary labors for about
a year, when he accepted the call of the Presbyterian
Church of Uniontown, Fayette Co., in 18.31, of which
church he pastor for about eleven years.

An iin]«)rt:int incident in his history while residing
at Uniontown was the active part he took in 1836 in
the trial of the celebrated Rev. Albert Barnes for
doctrinal heresy by the General Assembly of the
Presbyterian Church, of which he was a member, and
then in session in Pittsburgh. The controversy was
at its height when Mr. ^toneroad made a most telling
speech, wliicli was extensively published through the
Pittsburgh and Philadelphia papers, and has fre-
quently been quoted from since.

Leaving Uniontown he received a call from the
church of Florence, AVashington Co., where he re-
mained eight years. His next call was the joint or
united one of Laurel Hill, Franklin township, and
Tyrone, Fayette Co. After holding this double
charge for about twelve years, he relinquished that of
Tyrone and devoted himself to Laurel Hill, with
Bethel added, for about sixteen years, when, after
having been in the active ministry nearly fifty years,
he resigned this charge, his health having failed him,
through 1(11. great devotion to his pastoral duties and
conse(iiienl ex|.(i>uie to the severities of an inclement
climate, which broke down in good part a constitu-
tion wliieh was apparently, and otherwise might have
rontintied to be one of the most robust. Since that
time 5Ir. Stoneroad has taken no active part as a
clergyman. He now resides with his family, in their
quiet, romantically-located farm-house in Woodvale.
He is an old-time Calvinist in doctrine, but not of
that very bigoted school whose cruel austerities are
sometimes pictured by ill-tempered or despairing
mothers, and so made use of to frighten refractory
children, for he is both genial and benevolent.

jMr. Stoneniad has twice married, the first time in
Greene County, Sept. 11, 1 >:;i', :\Ii^s Rebecca Veech,
daughter lit 1 i:i\i'l \ei .li, 1N.|. i and sister of the late
Hon. James \'r.>cli, I lie erlcl'iated historian of West-
ern lViinsvlvaiiia;,by whiuii lie had two daughters, the
elder luing the wile of Uev. T, P. Speer, of "Wooster,
Oliici the viiuiiLar, Miss Sarah Louisa Stoneroad,
who resides with her sister. Mr. Stoneroad's second
marriage, on June 27, 1854,'was with Miss Hannah
PaiiU, daughter of Col. James and Mary Cannon
I'aiill, of Fayette County, and who is still living. Of
this union are four children, — James Paull, now
residing in New Mexico; Thomas L, a graduate of
Lafayette College, Easton, Pa., in business near
Philadelphia; Mary Belle, who having taken full
course of studies at Hollidaysburg Female Seminary,
is spending her time at the present making advanced
studies at home; and Joel T. M., now attending
Wooster University, Ohio.

They who have won notable success in life are not
all old men. By the vigor and skill of men ranging
in years from twenty-five to forty-five most of the
world's weal has been wrought out. In the battles of
business, as in military life, they who win the rank of
leaders do so in early age or then give earnest of
some time so doing. Notable in the liistory of Fay-
ette County, as much so perhaps as that of any one
in the county, is the career of the young man whose
name is the caption of this sketch, James M. Reid, of
Dunbar. Toward his prosperity "good luck" has
perhaps played the part of an important factor; the
envious would say so. But "luck" is a term which
admits of several definitions, and though " there is a
tide in the affairs of men which, taken at the flood,
leads on to fortune," the number of those who by
lack of sagacity fail to discern just when to take it
and move not, or, launching their crafts unwisely, go
backward with the redux and are submerged, is, com-
paratively, .IS ninety-nine, to the one who rises tri-
umphant and crowns his ambition at last " high on
the hither shore" of security and success.

Together with his abundant abilities, force of char-
acter, etc., the chief characteristics as a business man
which mark Mr. Reid would seem to be those which
are as likely to serve him and achieve for him con-
tinued victories in the I'litiin' a- they have served him
in the past, namely, a niereiirial teuiiierament and a
peculiarly well-balanced, coutrulling brain, enabling
him to form opinions or judgmepts rapidly and with
accuracy. While other men ponder and " calculate"
by slow jirocesses, he decides at once, and either se-
cures new accessions to his worldly goods, or escapes
what might have proven a misfortune. But this may
be " luck" after all, but it is a kind of luck which is
somehow closely allied to genius. Mr. Reid has a
good deal of the same character — and, indeed, per-
sonal appearance — as hael the late Alexander T. Stew-
I art, of New York, and comes of much the same stock.
I He is on both sides of Scotch-Irish descent, and both
his ]Kiternal and maternal ancestries or lineages have
frequently adurned the pages of history by deeds of
military prowess, and by sagacity, honor, and learn-
I ing in the peaceful walks of life. In short, the name
of Reid, as well as that of Henry, and also that of
McAuley (both on Mr. Reid's mother's side), have
j played a grand part in tlie old world, and rank high
in various parts ol' .Vineriea. Mr. Reid not only need
feel no diffidence in pointing to his ancestry for fear
of being charged with unworthy vanity, but may
be justly proud of his lineage, >ince it has been as
much distinguished for high honor as for brave deeds,
and " blood always tells" in some or other avocation
or position in life.

Of Mr. Reid's blood relations who have made their
mark in this country, we may name among others
Capt. Samuel C. Reid, the distinguished naval officer,
" who, in 1S14, when in command of the privateer j


^. i



'Gen. Armstrong,' fought with a British fleet the
most brilliant naval engagement to be found on re-
cord." (We quote from a biographical notice of
Capt. Reid in the Washington Union of April 30,
1858.) It was Capt. Reid who, in 1818, at the com-
plimentary request of a committee of Congress, de-
signed our present national flag. The first brigadier-
general of the war of the Revolution was a Reid of
the same stock. On his mother's side Mr. Reid
belongs to the Henry family, who, with Patrick
Henry, the illustrious orator of Virginia, and the
late Prof. Henry of the Smithsonian Institution, and
others, have added lustre to the American name, and
were sprung from the same common source with Mrg.
Reid ; and that ardent patriot, John McAuley, an
officer on Gen. Washington's staff', was a relative of
Mrs. Reid on her mother's side, a great-uncle. But
we need not enlarge on this head, for nature sets her
own visible seals upon those whom she honors with
strength and skill to do great deeds either of war,
commerce, art, or literature; and, after all, success is
the mirror which reflects them.

A gentleman well understanding the courtesies of
social life, and which he dispenses in a generous, un-
ostentatious manner; and enjoying among his neigh-
bors and all with whom he has business dealings an
unblemished reputation for integrity, and withal,
and quite as commendable, for free-handed, liberal
dealing,— for he is neither heartlessly avaricious, nor
made exacting and dominating through his great suc-
cess, — Mr. Reid is popular in the best sense, and
widely respected by all classes. Of his parentage,
boyliood, and remarkable business career, it only
remains for us to tell the story in swift detnil.

Mr. Reid is the son of James Dunhip lieid, who
came from the city of Belfast, Ireland, almut 1840,
and settled in Pennsylvania. He married Jliss Mary
Henry (whose mother was a McAuley ), daughter of
Mr. Edward Henry. James M., bornApril 10, 1849,
is the third child of this union, and was raised in
Allegheny County. He was educated in the common
schools only, till about fourteen years of age, when he
entered the Allegheny Institute, and continued there
about two years, and then became a clerk in a general
store, where he was occupied for about a year ; where-
after he removed to Broad Ford, Fayette Co., and was
engaged as a clerk with his brother, E. H. Reid, for
about four years, and from that place went into the
business of merchandising in partnership with others
at Dunbar, where he now resides. He continued
partnership merchandising, with various changes in
copartners, for about six years. Meanwhile Mr. Reid
conducted, alone or with others, more or less other
business, particularly the mining of coal and manu-
facture of coke on lands and in works belonging to
himself and his copartners, but all of which he now
owns, the capacity of his coke-works being at present
ten car-loads a day.

Aside from these coke-works and coal lands, Mr.

Reid is largely interested in coal-fields, covering in
the aggregate over six thousand acres, tlie major
portion of or controlling interest in which he and
his brother, E. H. Reid, own ; and in February last
(1882) he organized the Connellsville and Ursina
Coal and Coke Company, with a capital of 4!400,000,
of which company he is president. The chief pur-
pose of this company is to develop the iron ore, coal,
and limestone-beds which the lands above referred
to contain. He also holds a largo interest in the
business of Boyts, Porter & Co., extensive brass and
iron founders and machinists at Connellsville.

Mr. Reid is a Republican who takes active inter-
est in ])iiliti(s, anil was appointed a delegate for the
representative di^irirt of Fayette County to the State
Convention of 1S81. He is also a member of the
Republican State Central Committee, and has won
the gratulations of his party throughout the State
for the efiicieut and judicious work done in his dis-
trict since his occupany of a seat in the comnuttee's


Joseph Oglevee, Esq., a remaik:ililv Nii.i',.s-iful mer-
chant and business man of East Liln 1 1\ , i- ihr grand-
son of Joseph Oglevee, who migiatid Inmi Cecil
County, Md., in the spring of 178'J, and settled in
Fayette County, on the farm on which he lived till
his death, which occurred Sept. 14, 183.5, in the sev-
enty-first year of his age, Ann Barricklow, his wife,
surviving him. She died Oct. 16, 1845, in her seventy-
eighth year. Their son, Jesse Oglevee, father of the
present Joseph, died Jan. 26, 1876, in the seventy-
third year of his age. He was well known through-
out the county as one of its most upright citizens, and
was for many years a ruling elder in the Cumberland
Presbyterian Church of East Liberty, and of which
he was one of the maiu supporters. Mr. Oglevee's
mother (married May 14, 1826) was Elizabeth Galley
(born Oct. 3, 1807, died Aug. 14, 1858), a daughter of
Philip Galley, widely and favorably known in the
county. Mr. Oglevee was born June 2, 1827, on the
same spot where his father was born and lived all his
lifetime, the family residence standing on both sides
of the line (which divides the house about equally)
between Dunbar and Franklin townships, and brought
up by his parents under strictly moral and religious
rules, and at the age of fourteen years united with
the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, of which he
has ever since been a faithful working member,
doing at least as much as any other one of the con-
gregation towards defraying expenses, paying the
minister's salary, etc.

Mr. Oglevee's early education was gotten by the
hardest, he being till he had nearly reached maidiooil
the only son of his parents, and his father being a
lame man, the work of the farm devolved upon him,
and he was obliged to obtain his education by study-



ing at niglit. By that means, and one session at
Greene Academy, he succeeded in providing himself
with a fair English education.

Mr. Ojlevee is a man of great energy and deter-
niinatiiiii, wliicli together with large native inti'lU-tt-
uality, disciplined tjy acute general observation and
considerable reading, have doubtless been tlie main
factors of his success. His chief ambition or de-
sire in active life seems to be to accomplish whatever
he undertakes, wlictlicr it relates to matters of the
chureli or worldly allairs. As evi.leiiee of the per-
sistent traits cifliis eharartcr and Iiis untiring energy, i
as well as a matter of local lii>t'>ry, it ni.iy be added i
here that he went into the iiieiraniile business at
East Liberty about 1854, haviii" iiothin - as caiiital

.1 pra

I- tlh



unilertaking it had successively anc
Undautited by all obstacles he gradually wrouglit out
complete success, and has been obliged, in order to
accommodate his business, to enlarge the capacity of
his store building from time to time, and it is still too
small lor the extensive business he carries on. The !
profits of his mercantile and other business Mr. Ogle- ;
vee applies in good part to the erection of houses and
the improvement of the town.

Another instance of his great energy and enter-
prise, and wliicii, too, may be cited as an interesting
nnitter of local history, was his laying hold of the old
mill property of Jacob Leighty, Sr., on Dickerson
Kiver, Dunbar township, when it had become so com-

Online LibraryFranklin EllisHistory of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men → online text (page 123 of 193)