Franklin Ellis.

History of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men online

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Pears' forge to the road from Unioutown to Red-
stone, the viewers being Jeremiah Pears, Robert
Adams, James Paull, Col. Joseph Torrance, Samuel
Stevens, and John McClelland.

A report was made to the court at the June ses-
sions in 1797 of a road from Thomas Dunn's planta-
tion by way of Samuel Grier's mills to Samuel Gra-
ble's. The viewers were Jolin Dunlap, Benjamin
Stevens, Joseph Work, Elisha Pears, William Brown,
and William McFarland.

TOWXSIIIP ORGANIZATION AND CIVIL LIST.

At the December session of the Court of General

Quarter Sessions in 1783 the county was divided into

U.wnsliips. One of these townships was Franklin,



whose creation is thus recorded : " A township to
begin at the mouth of Crab- Apple Run ; thence up
the same to the mouth of Harvester's Branch ; thence
up the same to the head thereof; thence by a line to
be drawn to the head of the South Fork of Washing-
ton Mill-Run ; thence down the same to the river
Youghiogeni ; thence up the Youghiogeui to the foot
of the Laurel Hill ; tlience along the foot of Laurel
Hill to Burd's old road, leading from Gist's to the
Old Fort ; thence along the said road to Redstone
Creek ; thence down the said creek to the place of
beginning, to be hereafter known by the name of
Franklin townsliij)." At the December term of court,
1793, it was (jrdered that " that part of Wharton town-
ship wliieh lies northward of a line lately run by Alex-
ander McClean and his assistants as a line of experi-
luent from Berlin to the west side of the Chestnut
i Ridge or Laurel Hill, crossing the Youghiogeni River
about one hundred perches above the mouth of Rocky
Run, and thence due west to Braddock's road, be an-
nexed to the township of Franklin." At the Decem-
ber session of court in 1798 a portion of Franklin
was set off and called Dunbar township. At the March
session in l^'i'J the township of Perry was created from
portions oC Fiaiikliii, Tvione, and Washington. At
the Sepieiiilier .-r>-ioii. 1> 111, a petition was presented
for a cliaii:;r i.\' liiir l.ctween the townships of Perry
and Fiaiikliii. rciiniiieaciiig at or near James H.
Patter-on' - jteaiii saw-mill, and terminating on the
Red Lion road, south of the written property belong-
ing to David Rittenbouse, so as to include James Pat-
terson, Jr., now of Perry, within the limits of Frank-
lin township.

Wm. Colm, John Dunn, and Ephraim Lynch were
appointed comi:iissi(iners. Order was issued, report
made and aiiprovod Dec. 19, 1849, and confirmed
March 8, 1851. An addition from Franklin to Perry
was made in JIarch, 1S52. A slight change of line
between Franklin and Perry was made in 1867, and in
M;iich, 1 S72, petition was made by Hugh H. Patterson,
Josepli Clark, Alfredand Freeman Coojierto " attach"
to Franklin townsliiji as more convenient for election
and school iJiirposes.

The records of elections in the township are incom-
plete, and the list of township officials following will
be found to extend only from 1784 to 1808 and from
1840 to 1881.

CONSTABLES.



754. J. din Eraun, Jr
John Dunhiii.

755. Jnmes Nic.d.



ira-t. Enos Thomas.

1795. Samuel S.ephen

1796. Elisha Peaice.



1756. Andrew Arnold. 1797. Thomas Gibson.

1757. John John. 179S. Thomas Dunn.

1758. JLtihew Wiley. 1799. William Robeson.
1789. James Knnldn. ISdO. William Craig.
1791). John Rud. ISOI. Hugh Shotwell.

1791. James Byers. | 1802. William Kitlenho

1792. Robert Dougan. I 1S0:1. Joseph Oglcvoe.
179:3. Daniel Cannon. I
179J. George Thompso



IS1)4. Robert Palter



FRANKLIN TOWNSHIP.



Daniel Cannon.

Daniel McLean.

Samuel Stephens.

Samuel Rankin.

Samuel Rankin.

Elisha Pears.

Samuel Finley.

Elijati Barkley.

Enoch Barkley.

Samuel Finley.
. John Patterson.

Thomas Rogers.

Robert McLaughlin.

Thomas Grier.
. Thomas Rogers.

William Robinson.
. Mathew Wiley.

William Rittenhouse.
. William Scott.

John Patterson.
. John Richey.

David Kithcart.
. Daniel Young, Sr.



I 179



rS-i. John McClella



Robert McLaughlin.
William Robeson.
John John.
Thomas Moore.
William Sparks.
S fmuel Stejihens.
John John.
Samuel Work.
Daniel Cannon.
William Rittenhouse
James Rankin.
William Metier.
John Dunlap.
John Robinson.
Joshua Dickinson.
Andrew Arnold.
Thomas Dunn.
Benjamin Stephens.
Samuel Rankin.
Jacob Strickler.
James Bycrs.
Duncan McClean.



1788.
1789.



18J0.
1841.
1842.



1850.
1851.
1852.



James Fry, Jr.
James Ghrist.
Andrew Oldham.
Jesse Arnold.
Henry Fetz.
James Allen.
Jonathan Ramag
Frederick Boyer.
James Arnold.
Abraham Hazen.
Daniel Harper.
Henry Galley.
E. H. Abraham.
Henry Framer.
36



OF THE POOR.
I 1795. Thomas Dunn.
1796. Mathew Xcely.
[ Robert Scnith.

' 1797. James AVilkin.
James Byers.
1798. Jolin Patterson.
I Jnseph Work.

Hugh Shotwell.
Frank Lewis.

1800. John Byers.
ew Arnold.

1801. Elisha Pears,
■id Arnold.

1S02. William Hamilton.
James Allen.

1803. Wm. Craig.
John Reed.

1804. Henry Gillihind.
Joseph Esington.

1805. Henry Fitz.
Edward Jordan.

1806. Richard Arnold.
Richard Phillips.

VISORS.

1796. Joseph Work.
Joseph Oglevee.

1797. Richard Phillips.
Matthew Neely.

1798. William Scott.
Conrad Barricklow.

1799. Samuel Bryson.
Adam Steel.

1800. Francis Lewis.
John Paxton.

1801. James Rankin.
Samuel Reed,

1S02. Henry Jeiz.

William Craig.

1803. John Bowman.
Samuel Reed.

1804. David Parker.
David Smith.

1805. James Byers.
James McCafferty.

1806. James Allen.
Matthew Cannon.

1S07. J. A. Scott.

Thomas Grier.



1854. William Hertwick.

1855. Henry Fitts.

1856. William Humbert.
1S57. James Allen.
1?5S. William Parkhilc.

1859. Jlilton AV. Patterson.

1860. Alfred Cooper.
1S6I. George AV. Brown.

1862. AVatson Murphy.

1863. S. P. Junk.

1864. C. Uearford.

1865. G. Hazen.

1866. AV. F. Bute.

1867. A\'. Arison.



1868.


J. Rankin.


1070.


Adah AVinnet.


1809.


J. Jobs.


1877.


John Arnold.


1S7I.


J. M. Long.


1878.


Jacob Mills.


1872.


A. AA'innett.


1879.


Phineas Rotruck


1873.


James McCloy.


1880.


Thomas Hazen.


1875.


H. Sparks.


1881.


J. Burton.




AUDITORS.




1S40.


AA'ilIi.^m H. Harper.


1861.


John Cooper.


1841.


Abraham Hazen.


18112.


Henry Cook.


1842.


David Gibson.


1863.


D. MoMillen.


1843.


Andrew Oldham.


1861.


T. A. Humbert.


1844.


James Frey.


1865.


D. Snyder.


1845.




1866.


AV. Bradman.


1846.


Thomas McMiUen.


1867.


J. Frey.


1847.


Thomas Craig.


1868.


L. McCrary.


1848


John Burton.


1809


J. Rankin.


1849


Thomas McMillen.


1870


D. Snyder.


1850


AV. G. Bute.


1871


E. Shearer.


1851


Jonathan Ramage.


1872


J. Long.


1852


Jesse Arnold.


1873


James Murphy.


1853


James Long.


1874


Jonathan Ranki


1854


Moses Hazen.


1875


David Junk.


1855


AVilliam McVey.


1876


Job Trasher.


1856


Henry Barkalow.


1S77


David Snyder.


1857


Joseph Bute.


1878


Hiram Jordan.


1858


Robert Smith.


j 1879


Clark Foster.


1859


James Ghrist.


1880


David Long.


I860


Mathew Byers.


! 1881


H. F. Jordan.




TOAVN


CLERKS.



1841-42. James II. Patten
1843-44. Robert Smith.
1845-52. Joseph Bute.
1853-54. Robert Smith.

1855. Jesse Arnold.

1856. George \V. Foulker.

1857. AVashington Bute.

1858. John Cunningham.

SCHX

1840. AVillinm Abraham.
Joel Maxon.

1841. John Shank.
Benjamin Byers.

1842. Joseph Bute.
Abraham Hazen.

1843-44. Henry Strong.
Henry Barkalow.

1845. Alfred Cooper.
George AVolf.

1846. Henry Snider.
Jefferson Lynn.

1847. James Fry.
Joseph Bute.

1848. Jonathan Riimage.
Robert Gaddis.

1849. James Rankin.
James Frey.

1850. Samuel Junk,
AVilliam Abr.aham.

1851. AVilliam Humbert.
George AVolf.

1852. Alexander Brown.
Henry Frazer.

1853. Joseph Bute.
Frederick Boycr.



1859. James Arnold.
1S60-61. Mordecai McDonald.
1862. David Arnold.
1863-75. J. Bute.

1876. Jonathan Burton.
j 1877-78. J. Bute.

1879. Furrington Oglevee.
1 1880-81. Joseph Bute.

DIRECTORS.
! 1854. Robert McGinnia.

Robert Gaddis.
I 1855. Edword Jordan.

John Cunningham.

1856. Thomas Dunn.
Morgan Campbell.

1857. Samuel P. Junk.
Abraham Galley.

1S58. Edward Eaglan.
AVashington Hess.
! 1859. Addison Allep.
I George Whctsel.

1860. Nathan Lewis.
j James Allen.

j 1861. Jacob Strickler.

Henry Barkalow.
I 1862. James Arnold,
jrge AA'olf,
Murphy.
F. McKee.
. Addis.
J. Allen.

1865. J. M. Long.
J. Barton.

1866. AV. Murphy.
J. M. Lon - .



1863.



1864.



niSTORY OF FAYETTE COUNTY, PExXNSYLVANIA.



1866. J. Murphy

1867. J. Ranliiii.



J. W. Byer.






1S75. William Hormel


1S6S. C. Hearford.






Joseph I-ong.


11. Cook.






James JIurpby.


1SC9. W. T. Bute.






1870. Conrad ,<tric-klcr


v.-. BuyJ.






William llormell


1870. J. I'ar'kl.ill.






IS77. George Hazen.


J. Rco.l.






Jonathan llankir


1871. W. Brndmnn.






William Ari.-OD.


C. Hearford.






1S7S. Job Frasher.


S. Evans.






David Junk.


1872. W. F. Bute.






1879. Lewis MeCrary.


AV. Ci. Allen.






Thomas J. Dunn


J. Froy.






ISSO. Jaeob .^trirkler.


1873. James Junk.






Jesse 0-kvee.


David Snyder.






ISSI. P. Rodoriek.


1S7J. dorse ILucn.






James Junk.


Jl'STICES


OF THE 1>E.\CE.


1840. William Abraham






1SG4. Jl. Arisen.


Ji.fc|jb Gluist.






1865. F. Oglevee.


1845. llMbert Smith.






1869. II. Cook.


Jaci.l, Wuir.






1870. W. Arisen.


]Soo. Matthew Arisen.






F. Oglevee.


ll..bert Gaddis.






1874. W. S. Allen.


ISo'J. Henry Co,.k.






1875. W. F. Bute.


James Patterson.






Matthew Arison.


ISGO. Hubert Ga.ldis.






ISSO. W.S.Bute.


Joseph Bute.








S


CHOOLS.


One of the earliest


scl


ool-honscs in Franklin


.shii) was a loc Imih


illL


that stn.id in isoo tip.


L'niontown ainl Pit


t-1


nr-h fna.l. ahniit fnrtx


south of John J^h..tu


Ml


s ^\mii,. nian.Mun. It w


onlv school-h(.ii-iMn


]■]


nl





ln.it



Sarali Shanks, Matthew Patterson, Arthur, William,
and Tliomas Kittenhouse.

The old Franklin school-house was built in 1821
upon the site of the present house. It was con-

\ structed of hewn logs, eighteen by twenty-four feet
in size, was covered with a shingle roof, and was
furnished with slab benches. Those most active in
building the house were Joseph Ghrist, David Hazen,
Samuel Blaney, Jonathan Hill, William Condon,

' Robert and John Patterson, David Rittenhouse,
Ashfordly AVintermute, Robert Smith, John Allen,
Jacob Wolf, and Johij Shotwell. William Synims
was the first teacher, and he was succeeded by John
Bre.keiiridge, Samuel Blaney, Samuel Peden, Sarah
ririffith, William Frazer, William McVey. Among

I Mr. Symnis' ]iii;iils were James Patterson, D. P. Pat-
terson, Flora, S:nah, John, and Clarissa Patterson, R.
S. Patterson, William, Isabella, and John Burton,
Williainan.l I'm v (:',.n.L.n. Hannah, Catharine, Mary,

and .1: I. Wnli". Tlinn,.,- and Sarah Todd, Emily and

Carolina Slmturll, (_'l;irissa and Sarah Hazen, Ben-



\Vi



jamin :m
James <;lii-i>t, I'nily
William West, D.ivij ;i
and Matilda Kainage,
Hill, Hugh Deyarmn,
and Sarah Moni~, Will



rcli



li-1



tlin



iidt be told. Among its earliest patrnii^ and -iipj ort-
ei> were Hugh Shotwell, Pu-beri Sniilli. J. hii A'.leii,
Jonathan Sbarpless, Anthony Suayiie, James Mc-
Cafferly, William Rittenhouse, Joseph Ghrist, John
Paxon, Jacob Baughman, William Burton, Ja-
cob Wolf, William Condon, John and Robert Patter-
son, Amos Emmens, Catharine Shanklin, and John
Shotwell. The first teacher was Samuel Blaney, a
retired sea-captain, and a fine scholar for that day.
Blaney was perhaps the most famous school-teacher
Franklin ever had. He taught in and about Frank-
lin for upwards of thirty years, and died atFlatwoods
at a ripe old age. His successor in the old log school-
house was William Symms, a Yankee, who taught
there some time. Among the children who were
numbered as the earliest pupils in that school-house
were Catharine, Susanna, Rosetta, and Emily Shot-
well, Harriet Wolf, Pruda Rittenhouse, Jonathan
Ramagc, Eliza and Charlotte Wolf, William Mevey,
John Blaney, Huston and Thomas Todd, Hugh De-
yarmon, George, Ruth, and Sarah AVolf, Catharine,
Rachel, Melinda, and Samuel Condon, Abraham,
George, Thomas, and Mary Hazen, Wilson Hill.
James and Xanev JleCttffertv, John, James, and



:ermute, Hiram, Hannah, and
and Betty Beal, George and
md Wilson Rittenhouse, Sarah
Hiram Smith, Sarah and Neri
1, Sanniel Blair, Samuel, Levi,
iam anil Ptdly Shanks. Frank-
\va- in lili?ral demand by variotis
i:itinii~ who worshiped there nearly
V I'nion Sunday-school was estab-
^:2il, and much encouraged by the
etll.its ot Jnhn Sliotuell, Gen. James H. Patterson,
David Rittenhouse, Samuel Condon, and Jonathan
Hill. The land upon which the old log school -
house stood was conveyed by Hugh Shotwell and
wife to Edward Jordan, William Oliphant, and
Tinintliy Siiiitli, .Ir., trustees of the school-house, the
ciin-ideration being one dollar. The deed describes
the trtiet as "containing fortj'-nine square perches,
situated on the west side of the road leading from
Uniontown to Pittsbbirgh, being part of a tract of
land called Hojie, for which a patent was granted to
' John Patterson, Feb. 6, 1798, and by him conveyed
J to Hugh Shotwell. :\ray 8, 1798."

Foil. .wing an' pre-e;il..l .letails touching the pnb-
I lie sell. 1..N .)! Tranklin, as ttiken from the annual
' school report ending Jutie 7, 1880:

\ Whole number of sehools 7

, Average number of months taught 5



ied for school purpos.
' building pu



and buildin?



FRANKLIN TOWNSHIP.



559



From tnxcs and all other source?, except State a)>pro-

prialion $1529.54

Total receipts 1S25.43

Cost of sclioul-houscs,— purohii.'ing, building, renting,

etc 3fi2.r6

Paia fur iLarhnv' wi,-,^ 1044.13

Paid fur liu-i ;in 1 runiin;;encies, fees of collector.-*,

etc ul iill uther rxianses lo.'i.fio

Total expindilures 1560.54

lU-sources 264. S9

Liabilities

CHURCHES.
BIG REDSTONE B.\rTISr CHURCH.

An entry upon the records of the Big Bedstone
Church reads, "The church at Big Redstone, called
Philadelpliia, was constituted May 1, 1791, by Eev.
David Loofborrow." Farther on one reads that
" the following are the names of the members' regu-
larly baptized and joined in fellowship and commu-
nion : Henry Frazer, minister and pastor of the
Philadelphia Church ; William Eittenhouse, deacon
and recorder; Thomas Wells, deacon ; William Cal-
vin, singing clerk. Joseph Dougins, Thomas Wheat-
ley, Samuel Cralle, John Stivers, David Brener,
Henry Fritz, James Winders, Abraham Laverd, Ben-
jamin Phillips, Job Rossel, Josc])h Jordan, Richard
Arnold, Andrew Yeagley, Joseph Combs, Mathias
Merril, Job Lecraw, Joel Rogers, John Olton, Abra-
ham Rogers, John Gibson, Christopher Warman,
Robert Rogers, Brazilla Rossel, Jonathan Addis,
Isaac Wlieatley, Hugh Shotwell, Isaac Ujidegraf,
Joseph Wlieatley, Rachel Mooney, Rebecca Ritten-
house, Abigail Leverd, Susannah WelU, Margaret
Grable, Alice Brown, Martha Hamstide, Martha Sti-
vers, Eiipliemia Brewer, Sarah Phillips, Patience Wil-
derman, Jane Fitz, Francis Bough man, Ann D.iiiielson,
Mary Rossel, Pha?be Fraser, Ann Merril, Ann Arnold,
Mary Calvin, Margaret Fitz, Priscilla Arnold, Nelly
Arnold, Elizabeth Whitsol, Sarah Yeagley, Eliza-
beth Bell, Mary Fitz, Sarah Whitsell, Prudence Le-
crau, Sarah Emmons, Lydia Sharp, Elizabeth Combs,
Elizabeth Hilands, Mary Rossel, Millie Rogers, Chloe
Logear, Lavina Rogers, Delilah Thompson, Eliza-
beth Rossel, Tamsel Spencer, Polly Rogers, Hopey
Rogers, Rebecca Abrahams, Sarah Wooley, Sarah
Dalauf, Nelly Oliphant, Mary UpdejrraF, JIannah
Wheatley." As an evidence of "close c(iiiiiiiuiiii>n"
an extract is made from the ninth artic-lr- of the (Jun-
fcssion of Faith, as follows: " Wv do pnnni-e to keep
the secrets of the church, and noi iUmiI-c them to
any, for in this respect we are a ganUii inclosed, a
fountain sealed." Feb. 19, 1801, measures were taken
to "fence the graveyard." Mr. Frazer appears to
have been the church's pastor until 1802, when, in
September of that year. Rev. Benjamin Stone was
called. The entry upon the minutes recites thus:
" Called Brother Benjamin Stone to take the pastoral
care of this church so long as it suits him and us.
And he agrees to supply us once a month until next



April; after that twice a month." Preaching was
doubtless held at odd places, and perhaps chiefly in a
log school-house, until 1800, for it does not appear
that a house of worship was erected before that date,
although the statement may be a mistaken one, as the
early records of the church scarcely refer to the sub-
ject of a meeting-house.

A stray memorandum, bearing date 1800, contains a
bill of items in connection with the business of build-
ing, and testifies that it is "a bill for work done at
the meeting-house," as follows :



" Tow doors and four shutte

To making sash .'...

I.ayin-il..' n^.tr fl...>r

RuTinm; ':;, -' ■ „ ^

M.-iliin- . i ''-,,■<- ,H 1 „r;i



Cullected from the cbiuell ll 4 li

May 10, 1800, settled with Joseph; we owed hiui... 1 4 4''

This church was a log building, and was in all prob-
ability erected by volunteer labor save as to the car-
penter's work, for which the bill was presented as above
narrated. How long Rev. Benjamin Stone remained
the pastor is not of record. He was succeeded by
Rev. James Fry, who occupied the pulpit steadily for
about thirty years, and died in the jtastorate. He was
followed by Revs. Conrtland Skinner, Thomas R(5sp,
and Adah Winnet. Mr. Winnet's pastorate covered
a period of more than thirty years. He was suddenly
attacked with palsy while preaching at Maple Creek,
in January, 1881, and in three hours was a corpse.
The present pastor is Rev. A. Canfield. Although
the church jjrospered greatly for many years, and had
at one time a membership of upwards of one hundred,
deaths, organization of other churches, and removals
from the neighborhood have cut the members down
to seventeen. The present house of worship was
erected in 1845. Preaching is supplied once a month.
The deacons are Samuel Jobes and Robinson Murphy.
Complaints were not infrequently urged before the
church by one member against another, and the reci-
tals thereof were sometimes framed in what would
strike the average reader of to-day as an amusing
form. One, the following, is transcribed verbatim ct

: literafim :

' "Job Roussel complains that on Wednesday last
he and his son had taken up a certain Thomas Brown
then they sent for Jonathan Addis to assist them in

I taking him before the authority he accordingly came
when he came he asked Brown where he had got that
mare he denyed, J. Addis took hold of him and said
git up you dog, he then gave him a slap with his
hand and damned him, Roussel then thought that

' Addis would be of service to go and see the fences that



560



HISTORY OF FAYETTE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA.



lie had left down they went to see and saw the tracks ■
of the mare and colt, Addis said you dog you ought
to be at the work house long ago he gave him a push
and Kickt him — they then came to the house a little
after John Addis came and desired his father not to
go, and that he w'ould be damned if he should go
and gave Koussel a considerable of ill language at
the same time Roussel said he would bare his father
Harmless He said you are not able for he was as able
as he was and that he (meaning Roussel) had not
given his daughter anything etc. Koussel answered
him to be gone a little dirty whelp, then they proceed
before the authority and Roussel sent a subpenice
for Jonathan Addis and had him brought forward as
a witness then Roussel asked his son-in-law what he
came for he said for fun. Roussel said I have fetched
your father too he answered Roussel you shall pay
him for that then Jonathan Addis steped up and
said his son had acknowledged enough and that he
would kick him or any son he had, the magistrate
commanded the |>eace Roussel then went out at the
door an.l Addi- full., wed him out and said I will kick
you you ..Id dirty i;a>kel, Roussel said why did you
call me dirty have you a clean shirt when you go
home. Then James Roussel and Addis started away
James R began to moderate him, Aihlis answered
him and said he did not care for any man then Rous-
sel sent his wife to see Addis she told liiin to come
and see him and nuike it up in love lor it w<mld be
much the best, he seemed to Rave much she tol.l him
if he did he wnuld ■•.miplain t.. tl,.. cluirrh he sai.l
he'lisregardedthe ('liurcli, she said this was a dread-
ful thing and she cryd he told her to begone with
her tears, he said Roussel had used his son ill and
that he was a dirty old Raskel and he would not
see his son imposed upon and that he would kick
Roussel and that he could slap any one of the Rous-
sels, she told he had aggravated Roussel a great deal
and that she blamed Rous.sel for anything wrong he
done the next day he came into the field James Rous- i
sel asked him what he thought of yesterdays work
he said he had not felt well since and that he thought
heought to be kickt James said he heard a man say '
he intended to return him for swearing he asked him
who he was he said I am the man he went off slap- '
ing his lists together and swore he would have Re-
venge before Saturday night."

Attached to the complaint was an affidavit, of which
the following is a copy :

•■FaVF.TTE COINTV, ss:

•• liel'iire me the subscribing witness, ,ns justice of the peace
in nn'l f"r said county, personally came James Rossel and
ma.le oath that on the 17th of July, ISOo, he heard Jonathan '
AJdis svvare oneprofanc oath and the day fuUoningone profane
oath, and he further deposeth and sayth that un tlie irth of
July at the dwelling house of Job Ross-cll he heard John Addis
(;ivc his father-in-law provoking sassey language as he thought

"Pworn and Fubsciiled thc]"thdayof Augusl,"lS05.
-UoDEUT SMnii. "James Uosell."



L.^UREL HILL UNITED PRESBTTERI.\N CHIRCH.

About the year 1790, during the pastorate of Rev.
James Dunlap, the elders of the Laurel Hill Presby-
terian Church introduced Watts' "Hymns" into the
form of worship, despite the opposition of many of the
members. The result was seen in the withdrawal of
the disaffected ones, aggregating about one-third of
the congregation. They desired, they said, to remain
faithful to the forms their fathers had observed, and
cling to the songs their fathers had sung. They were
popularly knr)wn as "the Seceders." Being strong in
numbers they agitated the subject of organizing a
new church, and in 1792 they formed the Associated
Reformed Congregation of Laurel Hill. Application
was at once made for admission into the Presbytery
of Monongahela. Just how many seceded from the
original church cannot be told, since the early records
are lost, but that the number was considerable would
appear from the fact that from the minutes of the As-
sociated Reformed Synod of the West for 1806 Laurel
Hill Church was reported as having a congreg.ation of
one hundred and ten families, and a membership of
one hundred and sixty. At that time the ruling elders
were John Hamilton, James Wilkie, Joseph Finley,
William Patterson, Thomas Dunn, Sr., and John Stew-
art. After the church was organized Rev. Mr. War-
wick i>reached awhile, and then went to a charge in
Kontucky. Su])plies were furnished by the Presbytery
until 17'.!'^, when Rev. David Proudfoot was called to
lie the |'!i~tiir. He was one of the pioneers in the
t'liiti'd rnsliyteriaii ("hurcli. He came with his par-
ents from Scdtlaiiil in 17.'i4, and in 1788 entered col-
lege at ( uttysliiiii:-, studied theology under Rev. John
Jamison, and in 17'.i(.i was licensed to preach. He
labored at Laurel Hill, East Liberty, and Dtinlap's
Creek from 1798 to the spring of 1824, and after
twenty-six years of continuous service was released.
He moved then to Ohio, where he died in 1830.
During his pastorate at Laurel Hill the ruling elders
ordained were James Patterson, Peter Patterson, Jolin
Patterson, Esq., W. C. -Patterson, William Patterson,
Jeremiah Patterson, John Patterson, Robert Long,
and John Junk. The church was dependent upon
supplies from March, 1824, to the spring of 1836,
when Matthew McKinstry was called by Laurel Hill
and Bethesda, and installed April 27, 1836. He re-



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