Franklin Ellis.

History of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men online

. (page 130 of 193)
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tavern, licensed by the court of Fayette County ; in
1792, Conrad Mailer was added to the list; Caleb
Hayes in 1793; John Chadwick in 1794; Joshua
Jamison, 1795; Thomas Jackson, 1795; John Mintun,
1796; Patrick Gallaher, 1796; John Stark in 1796;
Barnet Evertson in 1797; William Spear, 1798; and
in the same year Paul W. Houston, Isaac Groover,
Richard Whealen, Robert Brownfield ; and from
1800 down to the present time the following per-
sons have kept tavern, some for a brief time, others
for a series of years: Samuel D. Bowman, Thomas
Pugh, Joel Kendall, Jacob Hager, David Curry, Wil-
liam Moore, Lott \V. Clawson, Nathaniel G. Smith,
Joseph Lewis, Samuel Wiley, Aaron Joliff', George
Traer, David Trystler, Nathan Style, Joseph Victor,
Moses Nixon, John Thompson, Joshua Brown, James
Miller, Daniel Dimond, David Victor, Joseph Taylor,
John Emery, Otho Rhoades, David Hare, Thomas
Iliff", James Bryant, Andrew Collins, George Nixon,
David Parks, James Doran, Zachariah Wheat, Jacob
Johnston, Matthew Doran, Nathan Morgan, David
Fisher, Jacob Kyle, Elias Bailey, Joseph Kyle,
Thomas Gaddis, John Richards, Peter Goff", William
Campbell, Andrew McClelland, Aaron Stone, Thomas
I Stentz, John Hall, Henry Kyle.



DIPTILLERIE,'^.

' Both previous and subsequent to the Whiskey In-

' surrection whiskey was the staple commodity of the
country west of the Allegheny Mountains. The
facilities for shipping grain were poor indeed, and the
settlers of the Redstone country soon found that they
could distil the grain into whiskey, and thus ship it in
a form not so bulky and more valuable. Soon dis-
tilleries sprung up on almost every farm of preten-
sions, and a goodly portion of these establishments
were in Georges township. Among the number may
be mentioned John Vernon's, near Fairchance ;
Thomas Downard's, near Walnut Hill, in the Brown

j settlement. Moses Nixon had one at Fairchance at
the time of the Whiskey Insurrection. Richard Reed
had one at the same time, located upon the farm then
owned by him, now in possession of Joel Leatherman.

I Col. Zadoc Springer had one at the same time.
Squire Ayres had one at an early date. There was

! also one in Smithfield, one on the Smith property



EISTORY OF FAYETTE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA.



near the Leatherman place, and Charles Browufield
had one as early as 1790.

MILITARY MEMOIUS.
Some of the inhabitants of this township took part
in the i;evoliiti(iii. Prominent among these was
Thomas (iaddi-;, who lived just on the border line
between Si .uth Union and Georges. He was an officer
in the l!r\<)lutiiinary army, and towards the close of
his life In' ihiw a ]iension from the government. Col.
John .^IcCielland was also in the Revolutionary war
as an offiour. His home was in the Hniwu M.-ttleiiicnt.
Zadoc Springer was also in the i;,\ uluiion, and held

Others were Deimi- Mrl'arty, .1,,-, ph



a commi>s

Stillwell. UuiMMt Allisrui, William ('..Ivin. .John Pier-
son, Eobrrt Jliist, ad, .T,,lin P.invm, Ihi-li INIcL'lelland,
Alexander MeClellaiid, John Haydeii, and last, but
not least, Tom Fossett, who was a soldier tiu- iiiany
years. He served under Washington in the Virginia
Rangers, and was with Washington at his tir,-t battle
at Great Meadows. We next find him areoinp.uiying
Braddoek in his ill-fated expedition a-ain-t F..rt du
Quesne, and finally in the ranks of the Contineiital
army in the Revolution. Nearly all of these men
served through the Indian wars. Col. Thomas Gad-
di> was with the ill-starred expedition of Col. Craw-
ford ill r,'s2, and returned in safety. In this same
eainpaigii L'.ii)t. John JMcClelland met with death at
the baud- of the Indians. Thomas Headdy was also
killed in tjrawford's campaign.

There were two companies raised in this community
fur tiie war of 1812; one was commanded by Cai't.
James :\IcClelland, of this township, the other by
Capt. II. Yeager, who belonged to that part of Georges
township now forming the southeastern portion of
K icholson. The following are the names of the .sol-
diers of 1812, as nearly as we can gather them:
P>asil Bowel, Stei)hen Pollock, Aaron Ross, Jeremiah
Archer, Uezin Reed, Jacob Price, James Price, Cato
Hardin, Joseph Eaton, Morris Morgan, Jacob Green-
lee, Thomas Bowel, Joseph Thompson, John Getzen-
diner, Abraham Croxen, John Thompson, George
Herod, Thomas Porter, John Trimble, John Gaddis,
James Mallaby, James Abraham, Jacob Akles,
Edward Coombs, John Coombs, James Hamilton,
Thomas Devan, Caleb Brown, Melchoir Hartman,
Thomas Reed, Hugh Tygart, Thomas Thompson,
Jeremiah Kendall, William Paruell, Jonathan Par-
nell.

The s(ddiers in the Mexican war wdio were from
this township were as follows : Jacob Earr, Daniel
Koontz, William Pixler, Thomas Braw ley, Davis Vic-
tor, Henry Bryan, John Sutton, Oliver Jones, and
John Stillwell."

In the war of the Rebellion (1801-05) there was
a numerous representation from Georges township, as



follows: Jacob Farr, Alfred Swaney, Ralph Jones,
Jesse Jones, Jesse B. Jones, Robert Brownfield, James
S. Brownfield, Zadoc Brownfield, Alexander Brown-

j field, Thomas Brownfield, Stephen Brownfield, Luther
Brownfield, James Utt, Allen Mitchell, William Utt,
Samuel Conn, Henry W. Moser, John Farr, William
Sessler, Wesley Sessler, James D. Low, James Goodin,
William Balsinger, John Hartman, Aaron Hicklc,
Lowry Campbell, George Campbell, Robert Deyar-

I mon, Ewing Deyarmon, John Deyarmon, Capt. Ash-

I bel F. Duncan, Lieut. James M. Husted, Lieut. Al-
bert G. Hague, Jcdin C. Pastories, Washington Pas-
tories. John l>a-i..ries, George Cover, Philip Hugh,
William il. Swaney, Daniel B. Swaney, John Dan-
iels, William Saiitli, William Shumabarger, Joseph
Kinneson, Geoige Low, William S. Bailey, Benj.imin
Marshall, Benjamin Showalter, Joel Reed, Henry
O'Xeil, Joseph A. Rankin, John Humbert, Benjamin
Robinson, Rees Moser, Samuel'McCarty, George Har-
iliii, Samuel Artis, George Artis, Frank Abel, Oliver
Abel, Benjamin Wilson, Jesse Wilson, Melchoir

! Hughes, George Fields, Calvin Burrier, Robert B.
Cooley, Asa Cooley, James Pastories, William Yun-
kin, Henry Abel. Allis Freeman, Moses H. Freeman,
Oliver Stewart. Lieut. Etiielbert Oliphant, George
Hiles, J<iseph Rhoades, Frederick Martin, Samuel
Davis, Philip Miller, James Victor, Napoleon B.
Hardin, Alexander Swaney, Andrew J. Hibbs, Stur-
geon Goodin, Chaplain Andrew G. Osborn, Wilkins
Osborn, H. M. Osborn, Isaac B. Osborn, S. F. Osborn,
Alexander Osborn, Joseph Osborn, John Smith,
David Grove, Peter Hughey, James Hughey, James
Hiiglin, ;\Ioses Sangston, Joseph Sangston, Henry
Riese, John D. Reese, Albert Woods, Kern Ward,
Samuel Higg, William Higg, Andrew Humbert, Neil
Hicks, I'K.iijaniin lllaek. Harvey Jlonteith, George
Smith, John Tliompson, George Hays, Josiah Mitch-
ell, Ellis Mitchell, Albert Ramage, Duncan Ramage,
Washington Ramage, Jarrett Tedrick, John Malone,
Armstrong Doyle, Benjamin Jordan, Joseph Bedin-
gover, Jackson Smith, Charles Deyarmon, Samuel
Hague, William Hague, Lucien Leech.

Capt. James M. Hustead, of the Fourteenth Penn-
sylvania Cavalry, was brought up in this township.
In INOi: he enlisuil in Capt. Duncan's company, and
was eleetiil to ilu' first lieutenancy. After Capt. Dun-
can's dc ath Ir was jiromotcd to captain. At the close
of the 111 1(1 lion lie entered commercial life, and has
been very suircs-lul. He is at present the proprietor
of the Dunbar store, and he and Mr. Isaac Semaus
have a store at Oliidiant's.

The McFall Murder. — One of the most prominent
features of the history of this township is her crimi-
nal annals. Here occurred the McFall murder, for
which he was tried, convicted, and executed, being
the first one who suffered the death penalty in the
county. The statement of facts here given is from
" .Addison's Reports," p. 255 :



GEORGES TOWNSHIP.



571



jcinipea up and


said ho w


JIcFiill for this


McFall


be WHS not so drunk bu


soon went away. McFi


le would hiive


his life


nto the hou?o a


gain. Ch



" Fayettk Cor.NTV, 1

" Deciinbcr Term, 1794. )"

Pennsylvania i«. John JleFall.
" This was an indictment for the murder of .Tohn Chndwick,
on 10th November, 1794. In the morning of this dny McFall
WHS drunli, came to the house of Chadwiek, who kept a tavern,
and got some liquor there. One Myers, a constable, came there.
McFall had expressed resenlment against Myers for having
taken him on a warrant, and had threatened to kill or cripple
him the lirst time he met him. When McFall saw Myers he
uld have bis life. Chadwick reproved
ubbed his fists a( Chadwick, and said
he knew what he was doing. Myers
, went out after him, and again said
jMycrs rode off. McFall returned
Chadwick bade him go home, for he had
abused several people that day, and had got liquor enough.
McFall shook hands with Chadwick and went away. Chad-
wick shut Ihe door. About two minutes after he returned.
Chadwick rose to keep the door shut ; McFall jerked it off the
hinges, dragged Chadwick out, and struck him sever.al times
witli a club on the head. His skull was fractured by the blows,
and he died the second day after. . . ."

McFiill then fled to Virginia, where he was tlint
night arrested by Robert Brownfield and one Jenlcins.
He would not admit them to the house at first, but
upon their stating that they were neighbors and there
was sickness he admitted tlieni, wliereupon they ar-
rested liim and brotiglit him to Uniontown and com-
mitted him to jail.

At the Court of Oyer and Terminer, December
term, 1794, an indictment was presented against John
McFall for the murder of John Chadwick. The
jury empaneled in the case were Wm. Taylor, Adam
Dunlap, Jacob Lyon, Basil Brashear, James McCune, ,
Robert McGlaughlin, Elisha Kerr, Thomas Rogers,
John Vv'ork, Matthew Neely, Moses Wells, and Za-
doc Springer. James Ross, of Pittsburirli, appeared

for the defendant, and Gulbruith for the State.

The verdict of the jury is as loUows : The jury "do
say that the prisoner is guilty of murder wherewith
he is charged in the first degree." After convic-
ti<in he escaped from the jail, and was apprehended
at Hagerstown. He w-as e.xecuted in May, 1795,
iHiwien two trees that stood close together on ,
liiiuirlas Thicket, or Douglas Bottom, on the banks
of Redstone Creek, about three-quarters of a mile
from Uniontown, immediately north of the Fair-
Grounds. Col. James Paull was sheriff', and employed
one Edward Bell as executioner. He was disguised,
and not till years after was it known who performed
the execution.

The Murdered Peddler.— Sinn after 1800 a peddler
stopped at a tavern stand in Smithfield, intending to
stay overnight. John Updyke and Ned Cassidy were |
there, and they made themselves very agreeable to the !
peddler upon learning that he carried a considerable i
sura of money with him. They drank at this tavern
and at the White Horse tavern until the convivial j
spirit rose to its highest degree. Proving hail-fellows
well met, they persuaded the peddler to go to Harden- I



town with them. At a late hour the trio were seen
starting for Updyke's, but were never seen together
again, and the peddler was never heard of again.
There was a field of Updyke's near his house whicii
had a dense thicket in it. A man passing by there
the next day heard cattle lowing, and saw them tear-
ing up the ground and nnich disturbed; he went in
to find out the (mu-c, il ii . ould be ascertained, and
to his surprise lir >;lu h.m i - of blood and other indi-
cations pointing to toul play, and most likely a mur-
der committed there. The place where a horse had
been tied and evidences of its having been frightened
were apparent. The gentleman secured the aid of
a few othirs, and they tracked the horse to a pair of
bars wliich hd out of the field, and there they found
the print of a niiin's bloody hand ujion the bars, where
he had taken hold of them to let them down. Up-
dyke and t'a^sidy were never arrested. Soon after
Updyke was taken down with a loathsome disease,
which was said to have been superinduced by poison
given him by Cassidy, who was afraid that Updyke
would cli\ul;^i' tluM rime or turn State's evidence. He
soon died a no.st le-rrible death. Ned Cassidy went
West as soon as Updyke had died. He there com-
mitted another murder, for which he was tried, con-
victed, and before being executed lie made a confes-
sion, in which he stated that he and Updyke had
murdered the peddler, and after securing a handsome
sum of money they sunk his body in Brownfield's
mill-dam. William Sturgis has the confession.

The Fol/i/ Winhvns 3furder.~Thh tragedy occurred
at the White Rocks, in this township, May 12, 1810.
Philip Rogers, the perpetrator of this crime, lived near
New Salem, in the valley east of the town. His vic-
tim lived at or near New Salem. Rogers had been
paying attentions to her for some time. Mr. Wil-
liams, Mary's father, was going to Steubenville, Ohio,
to live, and desired his daughter to accompany him,
but Rogers persuaded her to remain where she was,
and, she being engaged to him, was influenced to do as
he wished. The father of Mary Williams had had
suspicions of Philip Rogers on more than one occa-
sion. At one time Rogers tried to persuade her to
accompany him to the river after he had seduced her,
intending doubtless to drown her, but she would not
go. One day he told her they would go to Wood-
bridgetown and get married. Accordingly they started
afoot for Woodbridgetown as she supposed. Instead
of going to that jilace they went to the White Rocks,
a secluded place on the summit of the mountain.
Here the terrible tragedy occurred which has since
marked that place, and will for years to come dis-
tinguish it as the spot wdiere innocent blood was shed.
From those who wei'e there when her lifeless body
was found we learn the following facts: It seems that
some persons were gathering huckleberries near by,
and upon hearing her screams they ran from the
mountain thinking it the screams of a panther. In a
few days after there were some other persons near the



57:



HISTORY OF FAYETTE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA.



White Rocks gathering huckleberries, and they were
attracted by the barking of a dog they had with them.
Upon going to the place where the dog was, they
found the murdered girl. Mr. Basil Browufield' was
present, and says that there were signs of the fearful
struggle on the verge of the rocks, as though she had
escaped from him and had run some distance into the
laurel-bushes, where she had been overtaken by Rogers,
and the place where the struggle took place was torn
up for several yards around. She was a strong girl,
and he could not drag her back to the cliff of rocks.
It appears as if the struggle inur^t have lasted several
minutes, and that, fightiiiLT fnr her life as she was, she
could not be overcome until tlie vilhun grasped a large
stone in his hand and striK-k her on the head with it
until she was insensible, then dragged her back to
the precipice, but here she must have shown signs of
recovering, for it seemed as if he was afraid to ap-
])roach the summit of the rock and throw her over for
fear that she might in the death-struggle drag him
over with her. There is a passage-way to the base of
the rocks, and through this there were indications of
her having been dragged. He then went to the sum-
mit of the cliff of rocks and cast bowlders down upon
her. One of these stones Jlr. B. Brownfield has in his
possession ; when he picked it up it had both blood
and hair upon it. In the laurel thicket where the
chief struggle occurred was found the bloody stone
w ith which he struck her.

The news of the tragedy flew as though on electric
wings, and soon hundreds gathered at the base of the
mountain, where the poor murdered girl had been
taken, and viewed the crushed and mangled remains.
She was buried and afterwards disinterred, and the
gentleman from New Salem with whom she had
lived having arrived, he recognized her as Mary
^Villiams. Soon after, Pliil. Rogers was arretted,
and the following mention of it is taken from the
c'lurt record: "Commonwealth against Philip Rogers.
Murder, a true bill. In custody, Jacob Moss" [the
man with whom she lived], "for himself and wife, of
German township, tent in §200 ; Dennis McCuker, of
German township, tent in §100; Moses Nixon, of
Georges township, tent in $100. Conditioned that
they shall appear at the next Court of Oyer and Ter-
miner to testify. August 22, 1810. Indictment for
murder found at August sessions, 1810. Noveiiilur
22, 1810, defendant being arraigned, plead- iK.t
guilty. Issue and rule for trial. Same day triril
and verdict not guilty. Same day prisoner dis-
charged. " Thus terminated a farce of trial by jury,
and on a technicality of the law, together with the
eli"iuence of Jennings, of Steubenville, Ohio (for-
merly from the vicinity of New Salem), the lawyer
for Rogers, lie was acquitted. Rogers afterwards
went to Greene County, where he married, reared a

1 Wlifu this ncci.nnt wus wnlteii (Juno. 18S1) Mr, Brownfiuld was



family of boys, and when his miserable life was
ended his remains were refused interment in any
graveyard.

SCHOOLS.

One of the first school-houses in the territory west
of the Allegheny Mountains was the old log school-
house located between Suiithfield and Haydentown.
This building was erected before 1780, and one of the
pupils in it at that early date was Robert Browufield,
father of Basil Brownfield, from whom much interest-
ing data for this history was gathered. A Mr. J. Jame-
son was the first teacher. Robert Ritchey, for twenty
years justice of the peace for Georges township, suc-
ceeded Mr. J. Jameson as teacher in this ancient
school.

About 1803, when the Presbyterian Church built
their log church building, they also took into consid-
eration the feasibility of erecting a .school-house, so
that their children might secure a rudimentary knowl-
edge of the English language, and here alongside the
church they built a riuk- big school-house, and in 1812,
April 27th, they ail\erii-eil in the Genius of Liberty
for a teacher. Tin.' fallowing is the advertisement as
it appears in the Genius of that date: "A Teacher
Wanted. — A young man who can come well recom-
mended as a teacher of an English school will meet
with good encouragement by applying to the sub-
scribers, who live adjoining the meeting-house."
Signed by Rev. James Adams, John Knight, and
Moses Dunham, trustees.

Soon after 1800 the citizens living in the vicinity
of where Leatherman's school-house now stands con-
cluded to erect a building for school purposes. In
accordance with this desire a sufficient sum was soon
collected and a lug building was erected, which served
as a school-house fur many years. It was known as
Miller's schuol-house, and was located on the prop-
erty of the gentleman for whom it was named.

At Woudbridgetown there was a log school-house.
John Tedrick was the schoolmaster, and was suc-
ceeded by PIiiiK'as G. Sturgis.

Pauir> >rlpH,l icitived its name from George T.
Paul), wli.i aided till- entcrjir^e by donating the lot of
ground upon whicli the building was erected. After
the passage of the common-school law at the session
of Assembly in 183-1 the educational interests took
an advaiirc step. At January sessions of court, 1835,
s,|uiri' Avirs and James Robinson were appointed
M hnnl diiicturs for Georges township, and held their
pu^itiun until an election had taken place. Under
this common-school law hiany schools have sprung
up through the township, and one of these is Paull's.
There have been two houses devoted to common-
school education at Paull's. The first was a brick
structure, and remained but a few years in use, until it
was succeeded by the present school-house, which was
erected about 185.5. The teachers who have taught
here have been William Johnson, Samuel Rothar-
mel, James Showaltcr, Milton Sutton, James IIol-



GEORGES TOWNSHIP.



573



bert, Clayton Richards, Clay Showalter, Sallie Ruble,
James Provance, L. Rhoades, Lizzie Abraham.

The Pleasant Hill school came into existence about
1840, the first building, like the present one, having
been a brick structure. In this school Frederick
Martin, Nancy Martin, Rev. William R. Patton (be-
fore entering the ministry), Samuel Rotharmel, Clay-
ton Richards, and Altha Moser taught. In 1871 the
new building was completed, and since then the
teachers have been Dr. James F. Holbert, William
A. Richards, James Provance, Oliver P. Moser, Aaron
C. Holbert, Maggie Field, and I. Sturgis Stentz.

The Upper Haydentown school building is of stone.
The teachers have been Henry Mitchell, Sallie Ruble,
J<ihn Tamkin, I. S. Stentz, and Hannah Ruble.

The Lower Haydentown school was built about 1870.
It is a brick building. The teachers have been Clay-
ton Richards, Martha Robinson, Snyder Hague, John
C. Jliller, Sallie Ruble, and Leah Carothers.

The Three-Mile Spring school, three miles above
Haydentown, was erected one year ago. It is a log
school-house. The teacher during the last term was
James Showalter.

The Leatherman school-house was built about 1 840.
The first house, like the present one, was of brick.
The teachers in the old building were Lucien Leech,
John G. Hertig, Clark Vance (who afterwards became
a Baptist preacher). Rev. John S. Gibson (at present
a Cumberland Presbyterian minister). Rev. James
Power Baird (also a Cumberland Presbyterian cler-
gyman), Samuel J. Acklin, Hugh Smith, James Henry
Dougherty, James W. French (afterwards a Baptist
minister), James W. Showalter, Albert H. Smith.
In 1870 the old structure was torn away, and a com-
modious new brick was built to take its place. The
other teachers have been James F. Holbert (at pres-
ent practicing medicine), J. C. Miller, Isaac Coldren,
Annie Oglevee, James Miller, Michael Franks, and
Lizzie Black.

The Custer school was opened about 1S40. The
structure was of brick. In the old building the fol-
lowing persons taught: James M. Hustead, James
French, William Patton, John Anderson, Amadee
Trader, Sarah Conn, Albert Smith, and Lucien Leech.
In 1873 the new school-house was built, and since
then the teachers have been Isaac Coldren, James
Presley Smith, William Fouch, and Oliver P. Moser.

The Deyarmon was one of the first common schools
in the township after the law went into effect. Some
of the instructors have been John G. Hertig, Robert
Allen, James W. Showalter, Milton Sutton, William
Nixon Canan, Joseph C. Stacy, Hervey Smith, Carrie
Herbert, Abraham Humbert, Albert Hutchinson,
Frances Mackey. This building has been twice re-
modeled. . The latter alteration was done by the
Uniontown Planing Mill Company, during the sum-
mer of 1880.

The White Rock school was organized in 1879. The
teachers have been Hannah Ruble and Mollic Griffith.



The first building erected for the common schools
was at Smithfield as early as 183G. The frame build-
ing is yet standing, but is no longer used for school
purposes. During the past few years the directors
have rented the academy for the use of the common
school. The teachers have been Gideon G. Clemmer,
Nathaniel Walker, Eliza Showalter, Joseph C. Stacy,
George G. Hertzog (at present a professor in the Cal-
ifornia Normal College, Wasliington County), George

D. Purinton, James W. Showalter, James Provance,
A. C. Gilbert, Aaron C. Holbert, William Richards,
John C. Miller, Lizzie Abraham, Michael Franks,
Lizzie A. Black.

The Fairchance school was commenced in 1838 in
a frame house. The new building, a brick one, was
constructed in 1875. Revs. J. Gibson and J. P. Baird
both taught in the old house, and since the new one
was built the following teachers have acted as in-
structors: Leah A. Cardtlior-;, James W. Showalter,
Jennie R. Griffith, Jnlm ( '. Mill.-r, .M;ii-tlia Robinson,
James P. Smith, Maggie FirM, Liz/.ic Wilson.

The Walnut Hill school was originally known as
Brown's school. The pres'ent house is the second
within the past forty years; the first was built of
logs, the present of brick. Some of the teachers have

been J. P. Blair, Ellas Green, Frazer, Carman

Cover, Noble McCormick, W. Osborn (now a prac-
ticing physician in Kansas), Albert H. Smith, Abra-
ham Humbert, Mollie Griffith, Sallie Dawson, J.
Newton Lewis.

GEORGES CHEEK .iCWDEMY.

The Baptist Church in Smithfield saw, as early as
1854, the necessity of an academy of learning in the
town. The subject was brought up at the monthly
meeting. The Methodists and other denominations
were willing to aid the enterprise, and thus the



Online LibraryFranklin EllisHistory of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men → online text (page 130 of 193)