Franklin Ellis.

History of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men online

. (page 138 of 193)
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biography of Sanmel Allebaugh) resides with her .son-
in-law, Capt. Kendall. Capt. and Mrs. Kendall have
had no children.

Capt. Kendall has held important township offices,
but is no seeker after official positions. He derives
his military title from his election to the post of cap-
tain, commissioned as such by Governor F. R. Shunk
in a volunteer company, Nov. 7, 1846, which company
tendered their services for the war with Mexico, but
were not accepted. He was afterwards elected major
of battalion on a 7th of November. He remembers
the date of his military election and re-election be-
cause it is the same (November 7th') as that of his
nianiaiie. Thus peace and war go hand in hand
together with him.

Capt. Kendall is a successful business man, and is
now engaged iu farming and manufacturing coke.
He has always been a farmer, and says that he is a
poor one ; but his neighbors do not think so. His
considerable posse.ssions consist of agricultural lands,
coal deposits, bank stocks, etc. He is, in the English
sen.-e. a very clever gentleman. Indeed, he may be
called a " Lieuiiis" withal, possessing excellent powers
(jf nieehauical invention. He is, moreover, a man of
refined sensitiveness, sludential habits, and strong in-




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SAMUEL ALLEBAUGH.



HENRY CLAY TOWNSHIP.



dividual traits. In 1866, at the age of forty-four, a time
of life when most men, especially those engaged in
active business, would be disinclined to commence a
new study, the captain, until that time unable to
read a musical note, took up the study of music, as a
pastime as well as a science, pursuing it faithfully for
three years before he felt competent to attempt to in-
struct in the art. He is now well equipped, a success-
iiil teacher, and instructs pupils in Sunday- and com-
mon schools. Perhaps he is more noted as a teacher
of music than in any other capacity. He would say
so of himself; but he is as well noted throughout the
region he inhabits as an excellent neighbor, high-
minded jiublic citizen, and warm-hearted friend.



SAMUEL ALLEBAUGH.
The late Samuel Allebaugh, of Masontown, was of
German stock. His father. Christian Allebaugh. lived
in Rockingham County, Va., where he married Cath-
arine ShowaJter, of the same county, by whom he had
ten children, eight sons and two daughters. Samuel
was their fourth child, and was born March 3, 1789,
and was educated in the country schools of Rocking-
ham County. Growing up he learned the trade of
blacksmithing, and finally came into Fayette County,
locating at Masontown in 1810. He married Eliza-
beth Weibel, of German township then, now Nich-
olson. They had eight children, equally divided as
to sex (six of whom are living), — Josiah S., who mar-
ried Nancy J. Heath, March 4, 1832;. James M., who



married Elizabeth Guinn ; Andrew J. ; William 11.,
who married Mary M. Hill, and died June 13, 1875;
Nancy J., married Nov. 7, 1844, to Capt. Isaac P.
Kendall ; Elizabeth A., who married James S.
Rohrer, Jan. 25, 184G ; Rebecca C, who married
Adam Poundstone, Feb. 8, 1846, and died Nov. 1,
1852 ; Elmira J., who married Capt. C. L. Conner,
Sept. 21, 1843. Capt. Conner was a soldier in the
Mexican war and in that of the Rebellion, and was
engaged in each from the beginning to its close. He
was a member of the Cuirtberland Presbyterian
Church, and died April 5, 1877.

Samuel Allebaugh died Sept. 16, 1867, and was in-
terred in the German Baptist burying-ground. After
leaving Virginia he lived wholly in Masontown, except
for a period of about five years which he piissed on his
farm in German township, on the waters of Brown's
Run, and two years which were spent in Fairfield
County, Ohio, on a farm which he purchased in
1835, upon which he moved in 1836, and which he
sold in 1837, returning in the fall of that year to his
old and cherished home in Masontown. His reputa-
tion for manly virtues was excellent; in fact, he was
noted for his good qualities as a neighbor and citizen.
According to his means he generously assisted all his
children to a start in life. They had all arrived at
maturity before his death. His widow, Elizabeth, in
her ninety -second year, is an active, intelligent, and
amiable old lady. Mr. Allebaugh was long a member
of tlie German Baptist or Dunkard Church. His
children are Cumberland Presbyterians.



HENRY CLAY TOWXSIIIIV



teries— Schools.

In 1823, at the January session of court for Fay- ^
ette County, there was presented a petition of the I
inhabitants of Wharton townsliip for a division be- I
ginning at the Great Falls on Youghiogheny River; I
thence to Carrol's mill ; thence by said mill to the |
Virginia (now West Virginia) line. An order was |
issued, and Morris Morris, Thomas Collins, and Abel j
Campbell appointed viewers to inquire into the pro-
priety of such division. In obedience to the order
they reported that with the assistance of a competent
surveyor they had performed the duties assigned to



Bj-Sa



T. Wiley.



them by taking into consideration the territory of the
township, its population, etc., and recommend a di-
vision of said township by running lines, viz. : Be-
ginning at the Great Falls of the Youghiogheny
River; thence south 180 perches, south 371 degrees
west, 646 perches to the mouth of Laurel Run ; thence
south 30 degrees east, 34 perches ; thence south 75
degrees west, 24 perches ; thence south 9 degrees
east, 28 perches; thence south 4 degrees east, 78
perches; thence south 7} degrees east, 30 perches;
thence south 10 degrees west, 3 perches ; thence south
19J degrees east, 20 perches; thence south 81 degrees
east, 152 perches; thence south 30 degrees east, 60
perches ; thence south 23 degrees east, 40 perches ;
thence south 300 perches ; thence south 43] degrees
west, 702 perches to the United States turnpike ;
thence south 13 degrees west, 295 perches to the burnt
cabin at the intersection of the road leading to Car-



HISTORY OF FAYETTE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA.



rol's mill; thence with said road to the Virginia
(now West Virginia) line.

This report was presented to the court on the 9th
day of June, 1824, and by them confirmed, and it was
directed by said court that the western section con-
tinue to be called "Wharton," and the eastern sec-
tion be erected into the township of " Henry Clay."

Henry Clay township is bounded on the north by
Stewart township, on the east is separated by the
Youghiogheny River from Somerset County, Pa., on
the south is divided by the celebrated Mason and
Dixon's line from the States of Maryland and West
Virginia, and on the west (bounded) by Wharton.
It lies partly in the Ligonier Valley, and is thesouth-
eastern of the five mountain or highland townships,
and is also the southeastern township of the county.
Its greatest length from north to south is eight miles,
and from east to west is seven and three-quarter miles.
Laurel Hill Ridge runs through the township a little
west of the centre, with an average width of three
miles, and average height of two thousand three
hundred feet above the level of the ocean. On the
west of Laurel Hill Ridge high hills, rough and
broken, extend to the Wharton line. On the east
high hills extend to the river, and rise from six
hundred to eight hundred feet above its banks. There
are here no valley or bottoms, but the river cuts
its way through rugged hills. These hills, east of
the Ridge, extend as far south as the National road.
From the National road south to Mason and Dixon's
line is an elevated plain (with a rolling surface) over
two thousand two hundred feet above the level of the
ocean, a section well adapted to grazing. It was for-
merly called the " Glades."

Youghiogheny and Cheat Rivers drain the town-
ship. Beaver Creek, west of Laurel Hill, Mill, Hall,
and Tub-Mill Runs, east, fall into the Youghio-
gheny, while Cheat receives from the southwest Lit-
tle Sandy and Glade Runs; both rise in the edge of
the township. The rapid fall in the Youghiogheny
and these different runs oflfer many splendid sites for
mills or factories. The soil is principally a clay loam
on the hills and a sand loam along the streams and on
the chestnut ridges of the mountain. Oak is the main
timber, next chestnut, then small quantities of sugar,
poplar, wild-cherry, dogwood, sycamore, and walnut.
Originally it was a very heavy timbered region, but
much of it has been cut, yet a large amount remains.
Coal exists throughout the township, but in many
places tlie veins are only from fifteen to eighteen
inches thick. The Upper Freeport coal-vein, about
four feet thick, is found on Hall's Run, Beaver Creek,
along the river, and near Markleysburg. Above the
river, north of the National road, the Philson coal-
vein, two feet thick, is found, and close to the Horse-
Shoe Bend the lioilin coal-vein, two feet thick, is
found. South of Somortickl, and on land of H. J.
and J. J. Easti^r and Susan Lenhart, are found veins
of bituminous coal six feet six inches in thickness.



The coal is of excellent quality, and has been mined
here for more than forty years. The principal supply
of coal for the villages of Somerfield and Jockey Val-
ley, as well as for much of the surrounding country,
comes from these mines.
I On the same lands there is found a vein of excel-
lent iron ore, which is utilized to some extent, and
i which will be of great value if railroad facilities
! should be extended to this township.

The Mahoning sandstone is found in many places,
and from twenty to fifty feet thick. Traces of the
! Morgantown sandstone are found, and other good
building rock. The silicious limestone is found on
! Beaver Creek, well exposed, and also exists in the
; river hills in veins five to six feet thick, in bowlders
I or chunks.

I Fruits, especially apples, do well throughout the

whole township. Peaches are injured by the borer,

and do not yield a regular crop. Pears, plums, and

j cherries do well, and grapes are a never-failing crop,

^ Berries are an abundant crop.

j Wheat yields from six to fourteen bushels per acre.

Forty years ago it was supposed it could not be grown,

' but a better system of farming than what prevailed

then shows that it can be raised. Rye, corn, buck-

[ wheat, and oats are raised, while potatoes are the

staple crop. The soil, improved by liming and well

farmed, would give better results than have yet been

I attained; but the high elevation of the township

! above the ocean, with its length of winter season, will

! always keep most of its productions below the average

' of lower localities. The township is well adapted to

' grazing and dairying. The climate is very healthy,

from the high elevation, pure air, absence of swamps,

I and the best of water. The winter season commences

! with early frosts about two weeks sooner, and ends

with rough weather two weeks later than in any other

' part of the county outside of the other mountain

I townships.

j The township contains two vill.ages, — Jockey Valley,
j on the National road, within one mile of the river, in
j the southea.stern part, and Markleysburg, in the south-
! ern part, one mile and a half southwest of the Na-
' tional road. In 1870 the population was 951, of
' which 15 were foreign born, and all whites. In 1880
the population was 1232, including Markleysburg, the
population of which was 77.

The Indian path known as Nemacolin's trail was
the route of the old Braddock road through the town-
ship, and where it crosses the river, a half-mile up the
river from the Smithfield bridge, on a high hill on
lands of J. J. Easter, were several Indian graves. At
Sloan's Ford an Indian trail crossed the river, and on
land of Charles Tissue, on a beautiful knoll, was a
stone pile or Indian srave. Mr. Tissue opened it and
found a very large skull, apparently that of an Indian.
The body had been laid down on the ground and stones
set up edgewise along each side of the body, and then
flat stones laid over them, and then about a wau'on-



HENRY CLAY TOWNSHIP.



607



load of stones gathered and laid over them. The In-
dians only used this region as a hunting-ground, and
never killed any settlers in the township.

Gen. Braddock's first camp in Fayette was at the
Twelve Springs, near Job Clark's tavern stand. Per-
sons have doubted his camping here, as the place does
not suit the description of his first camp, but .John E.
Stone took the description, and after a full day's ex-
ploration found the place to agree with it in every
particular.

PIONEERS AXD EARLY SETTLEMENTS.

In 1768, John Penn granted to Chew & Wilcox
several large tracts of land in the township. These
proprietary (preferred) grants comprised three hun-
dred and thirty-two acres on the head-waters of Bea-
ver Creek, close to the Glover school-house, called
Beaver Dam, a tract on Hall's Run, above W. Barnes,
one hundred and fifty acres near the river at Conflu-
ence, three hundred and thirty-seven acres back of J.
J. Easter's, running to the Maryland line, and over
two thousand acres on Glade Run, near the corner-
stone in the boundary line of Maryland and West
Virginia.

Enoch Leonard was supposed to have been here
about 1770. He lived within two or three miles of
Sloan's Ford. His wife was Lydia Fish. His son
Enoch married Henry Abrani's sister, and went to
Virginia. His daughter Charity married Joshua
Jones, Elizabeth married a man by the name of Clay,
and Lydia married Job Clark.

Henry Abrams came soon after Leonard. Job Clark
came about 1778. He left home on account of his
step-mother and enlisted in the American army, and
claimed to have fought at Bunker Hill. He was a
small man, with black h.air and blue eyes ; born in
Connecticut, and married Lydia Leonard about 1779
or '80, and built his tavern soon after at the Twelve
Springs. He was born in 1758, and died in 1842.
The Hon. Andrew Stewart secured a pension of ninety-
six dollars a year for him. His son Job was killed
at the Inks tavern, in Wharton, by his team running
away. Leonard married Hannah, daughter of Ben-
jamin Price, Esq., and went West. Isabella married
Andrew Flanigan, and Sallie married John Collier,
who kept tavern at Mount Augusta. Moses Hall was
supposed to have come here about 1785. He occa-
sionally preached to the people of the surrounding
country, though it does not appear that he was very
much gifted in that direction. On one occasion he
closed one of his sermons in this way. " Suppose," he
said, " that all the men in the world were put into
one man, all the rivers into one river, all the trees
into one tree, and all the axes into one axe ; that the
one man should take the one axe and cut down the
one tree, so that it would fall into the one river,
what a splish, splash, and splatter dash there would
be :" No doubt this was thought (by himself if by no



one else) a very convincing argument. Moses Hall
had a son Ephraim, and his son Squire kept tavern
after him. Joseph Liston and Planeet came with
Moses Hall. Andrew Flanigan from near Farming-
ton, where his father, David Flanigan, lived. He
married Isabella Clark about 1799. He was olten in
Henry Clay township when a mere child. He was
in the war of 1812 under Capt. Andrew Moore. He
kept on Braddock and National roads, in the same
house. Clark Flanigan, one of his sons, married
Mary Roberts and lives above Sloan's Ford, quite an
old man, possessed of a good memory of the past.

John Sloan was the ancestor of the Sloans, Sloan's
Ford being named after him. He came from Ireland
about 1787, then disposed of his property to Sebastian
Tissue, and removed with his family to Maryland,
where he died. Of his family, William, David, Mar-
garet, and Sarah returned to Henry Clay. William
had two sons, Henry and James, and two daughters,
Eliza and Sarah. The latter married Jonathan But-
ler, and is now living near the ford.

John Potter came from New Jersey to Henry Clay
(then Wharton) in January, 1787. In 1797 he married
Elizabeth Callaghan. John and George, their oldest
children, went to Ohio, and died there. Elizabeth
married Capt. J. Wickline, and died in Illinois; Ann
married a Mr. Hathinson ; Samuel married Sarah
Leonard, and lives in Stewart township ; Amos, the
youngest, lives in Wharton, now seventy-four years
of age. John Potter was justice of the peace for
many j'ears, and lived on the Braddock road. He
was a wheelwright in New Jersey, and the British
burned his shop. He built the first bridge near
Somerfield, which was burnt. He wiis the author of
a work of two hundred pages called " Potter's In-
quiry." He was said to have been in the Revolu-
tionary war. He was born in 1748, and died in
1826.

John Burnworth came in 1792 from Lancaster
County. He settled near Fairview Church. He was
born in 1767, and died in 1848. His wife was Han-
nah Hinebaugh. Their children were John R. (whose
son is Rev. P. Burnworth), James (who married a
cousin to Judge Shipley), Mary, Barbara, George,
Christopher, Jonathan, Ziba (who lives near Fair-
view Church), Susan (the widow of Peter Lenhart, the
tavern-keeper), Keziah, Rhoda (who married Julius
Kemp, of Somerfield), and Rheuma (who married
Charles Tissue, near Sloan's Ford).

In 1800, Ephraim Vansickle came to where A. B.
Bradley now lives, close to Jockey Valley. His wife
was Anna Robison. They came from New Jersey.
Ephraim, one of their sons, is the hotel-keeper at Som-
erfield, and previously kept at Jockey Valley.

John O'Hegarty came from Lebanon, Pa. He
bought the Mount Augusta farm, which was formerly
the Daniel Collin stand in the days of the staging on
the National ro.ad. There were stables for seventy-five
horses then. This property is the highest point on



608



HISTORY OF FAYETTE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA.



the road in this county, and commands a magnificent
view of the Alleghenies.

Before 1800 Charles Shipley came from Baltimore
to near Fairview Church. His sons were William,
Charles, and James. Sebastian Tissue married Su-
sannah Haines. He was at Sloan's Ford at this
time, and was in the war of 1812. His son Charles
still lives at the ford. He had also three daugliters, —
Ursula, married James Lalon ; Rachel, married Amos
Butler; Nancy, married David Thorp. There are
many descendants of Charles Shipley in Henry Clay
and other parts of the county, among whom is the
Hon. Samuel Shipley, of Uniontown, who was justice
of the peace for ten years, county commissioner three
years, and associate judse live years.

In 1807 Michael Tliniii:i- wa- li\ iiiu: near Markleys-
burg. He came from S )!ii(isri , ami married Magda-
lena Maust. One of lii> ^(llls, Michael, lives near
the home-place, an intelligent old gentleman. Isaac 1
Umbel, the ancestor of the Umbels in the township, |
came about this time. His wife's name was Nancy j
Campbell. Andrew, his oldest son, lives near Mark-
leysburg, and William, another son, lives on the I
National road. ' j

In 1815 James Thorp was living on Beaver Creek,
and in 1820 John Hall, Joseph Hall, John Show, |
Thomas and James Laland, and John Lechner were I
here. Lechner shot his son one evening in the brush, I
taking him for a deer. In 1832 Amos Glover and his
wife, Eliza Gilmore, came here from Virginia. In
1852 Andrew Boyd came from Stewart, and about
1858 Jacob Staup came from Maryland. In 1818
William Chidester came to settle where W. T. Reck-
ner now lives, near Fairview Church. John Lenhart I
came from Jlaryland ivnd settled in Henry Clay
about 1820. I

John Easter came from Allegheny County, Md.,
about 1*20, ami settled on land purchased of William
Butler, it ))eiii,L;- the same on which, his son, J. J.
Easter, now lives. Jacob Easter came from Maryland
or Virginia and settled in Henry Clay about 1830.

John Griffin married Sarah Knotts, and came from
Delaware about 1823. He bought the old Twelve
Sprin-s tavern. ;.nd Vwvl in it till be built his stone
tav.a-n. Hi^ <laii-iit;T Klizal.etli imw livs in it. Her
busbaml wa^ .lacnlj .'-itniii', a son nt' .'-^.luire Stone, of
Greene County. John Barnes came in 1840 to near
Jockey Valley. His son, J. P. Barnes, is a leading
citizen.

Samuel lUish lived in Henry Clay township, on
what i^ innv the Fhinigau farm. He was a contractor
on the National road in 1832 and 1833. His son,
^[arker Rush, used to ride as a postilion ahead of
the mail from Uniontown east in the days of the
Naticmal road.

I-^rael Parnell came to Henry Clay in 1817; settled
on the property now occupied by his son, Israel Par-
nell. His three sons — Hiram, Jackson, and Israel —
are now living in Henry Clay.



As late as 1824 wolves, panthers, and bears re-
mained in the township. In that year a wolf chased
Mrs. Elizabeth Stone, then a small girl, with her sis-
ter, into the old Twelve Springs tavern, then kept
round the house till it heard a horseman approaching.
In the same year Michael Thomas, then a young
man, with three dogs and a heavy club, killed a bear
near Markleysburg, and Richard Hall in that sum-
mer shot a panther. But since 1828 no wild animals
but vvildcats and deer have been known in the town-
ship.

ROAD,=:.

The old roads in the township were : 1st, Brad-
dock's ; 2d, Turkey Foot road, from Confluence by
Sloan's Ford, past Liberty Church, past Potter's Mill,
to Dunbar's Camp; 3d, Selbysport road, from Whar-
ton, passing south of Markleysburg, — often called
Haydentown road ; 4th, the National road.

Township roads : 1st, River road, from Somerfield
to Liberty Church, connecting the National and Tur-
key Foot roads ; 2d, Beaver Creek road, from GritBn's
stand, past Beaver Creek, and joining Turkey Foot
road near Liberty Church ; and another branch from
Beaver Creek, running into Stewart, to the Falls. And
since these roads many minor roads have been laid
out in different parts of the township.

Braddock's road entered the township about one-
half mile up the river from the Widow Lenhart's, on
lands of J. J. Easter. It passed from the ford down
to the mouth of Hall's Run, or Jockey Valley, passing
up Jockey Valley through T. Conaway's place ; thence
through lands of William Umbel, passing within one-
half mile of Markleysburg, through lands of Michael,
and past the residence of George J. Thomas; thence
through lands of Jacob Humberston ; thence through
lands of Squire O'Hegarty, the old Griffin place, and
through lands of Andrew Moves to the township line.

After 1790 wagons were put on the road, and
regular tavern stands were established along the road.
The first wagon-stand after crossing the river was at
Jockey Valley, kept by Audrew Flanigan, a log
building, still standing. The second stand was about
one-half mile farther west, a log building, kept by
John Conaway. The old Jockey Valley school-house
now stands on its site. Conaway moved from it to
the National road when the latter was opened. The
next stopping-point was Squire John Potter's, who
from 1790 kept travelers till the road went down, but
never had a license or followed it as a business. His
house was of logs and stood about seventy yards south
of William L'mbel's residence on the National road,
and during the time of the "Whiskey Insurrection"
Potter was known as a government man, although
owning a small still. "Tom the Tinker" sent him
one or two threatening notices, but he gave no heed
to them, and tradition has it that the party who ar-
rested Col. Gaddis stopped at Potter's with him and
stayed all night. When the road went down Potter
moved to the house now occupied by William Umbel.



HENRY CLAY TOWNSHIP.



G09



The third wagon stand was Moses Hall's, over half
a mile west of Squire John Potter's. Moses Hall
kept tavern at an early day. His son Squire kept a
short time before the road "went down. The house
was a large log house, which stood just across the
road from George J. Thomas' residence. Thomas
moved in it in 1864, and the next spring tore it down.
Squire Hall built a brick addition of two rooms to it,
but never put a roof on it.

The " Standing Rock" is nearly a mile west of the
Hall stand, on Squire John O'Hegarty's land. It is a
large rock fifteen feet high, resting on a bed rock six
feet square in the ground. The Standing Rock com-
mences small at the bottom (about two feet in diam-
eter), widening out up to the bulge, and then, instead
of drawing in, gets wider for three or four feet higher
up, and presents a top level as a table and sixteen feet
square.

On the road nearly one mile south of Squire
O'Hegarty's, where the Widow Bird lives, and over
a mile west of the Standing Rock, John Bower-



Online LibraryFranklin EllisHistory of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men → online text (page 138 of 193)