Franklin Ellis.

History of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men online

. (page 140 of 193)
Online LibraryFranklin EllisHistory of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men → online text (page 140 of 193)
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isters have been Hinebaugh, S. Hazlett, Beeghley,
and John Myers, present minister.


or Shoemaker Church, built a house of worship in
Markleysburg in 1868. George Shoemaker, the
founder of the denomination, and his son Joshua,
both, from Westmoreland County, preached here, fol-
lowed by Samuel Smith, but at present the church

has gone down, and the building is used by ministers
of other denominations.


organized a branch at Jockey Valley several years
ago. Ministers : Markwood, Hazlett, Wolf, and Si-


The Leonard graveyard, on the river, is the oldest
burial-ground in the township. The Sloan graveyard
is supposed to be next in order of age. It is close to
Sloan's Ford, and some three miles down the river
from the Leonard graveyard. The early Sloans are
buried here, while the old Leonards and Job Clark
and the Flanigans are buried at the Leonard grave-

Old Liberty Cemetery is now Fairview Cemetery.
It is about sixty years old. Zion Cemetery was laid
out in 1850, and the Markleysburg cemetery about
ISUO, being formerly an old graveyard. There is also
an old graveyard near the Flanigan tavern and
wagon stand, in Jockey Valley, where John Cona-
way, his wife, and others are buried.


The first schools in the township were what was
known as pay schools, taught by the quarter, and the
teacher boarding around among his patrons. The
free schools succeeded them, and have been well sus-
tained by the citizens, they taxing themselves from
five to seven mills on the dollar to keep their schools

The condition of the public schools of Henry Clay,
as shown by the county superintendent's annual re-
port, made June 7, 1880, is as follows :

Number of lUstii.-ts J

'\'," ' ' •,'• ■' ' ■■ 'n i ''."1^".]^"'. 157

Aw - I .'■ >.'l.>na: 63

r,,H ; ... ■. .1/ :.,,., -. !,..l:ir SO.fU

\uiii 1. . -Ik... I liurposes 5

T.,i ,1 ,.,, ! - I t,ix 15976.58

Si:. I. ,| .... :. .1 i: $230.yi

Number of tcaL-hers I male 4, female 3)... 7

Amount paid teachers (5 months) 8770.00

The following persons have ranked as the leading
teachers of the township since 1840 : Rev. Patterson
Burnworth, Julius Kemp, William Thomas, John
Harah, and J. P. Barnes. R. V. Ritenhour and A. C.
Holbert, candidates for the county super! ntendency
in 1877, taught their first terms in Henry Clay.


Jefferson", one of the richest agricultural town-
ships in Fayette County, lies on the Monongahela
Eiver, which flows along the western border at the
base of an abrupt hilly range, whose value lies in
vast deposits of coal, found, indeed, not only along the
river but in every part of the township, except per-
haps under a small area in the southeast. Jefl'erson
had in June, 1881, a population of 1613, and in Janu-
ary, 1881, an assessed valuation of 8745,903. The town-
ship boundaries are Washington township on the north,
Eedstone Creek on the south (separating Jefferson
from Redstone and Brownsville townships). Perry and
Franklin on the east, and the Monongahela on the
west, at that point the dividing line between Fayette
and Washington Counties. Along the river the sur-
face of the country is rough and precipitous, but gen-
erally the land is rolling and easy of cultivation.
Handsome and well-kept farms, like well-built and
tastefully appointed farm homes, are common sights
in Jefferson, and as features in a generally attractive
landscape invite the pleased attention of the beholder.
The interests of Jefferson, except on the river, where
coal is mined extensively, are at present purely agri-
cultural, although the interest of coal-mining must
one day become a general one when railways push
their way into the township, as they inevitably must.
The Redstone Extension Railroad, now approach-
ing completion, follows the course of the Redstone
in Jefferson, and will straightway open the rich
coal region lying upon and adjacent to its course.
Other railway lines are yet to come. The township
is watered by numerous small .streams, of which the
most important is the Little Redstone Creek, that
rises in Jefferson and empties into the Monongahela
near Fayette City.

There were, doubtless, in the territory now occupied
by Jefferson township settlements along and near the
river- front as early as 1761 ; but they were interrupted
by Indian incursions that drove thesettlers back, and, in
a majority of cases, frightened them away permanently.
A few returned, however, to their lands, and among
these William Jacobs appears to be about the only
one of whom there is present knowledge. His land
lay at the mouth of the Redstone Creek, but that he
took a very active part in improving the country is
not clear, since in 1769 he sold the property to Prior
Theob.ald and Lawrence Harrison. In 1777 the same
tract came into the possession of Samuel Jackson, and

was his home until his death. Just when Andrew
Linn came to the creek is not known, but it was not
long after 1761. He tomahawked a claim to lands on
both sides of the creek near the mouth, and put in
a patch of corn on the Jefferson side, where he also
put up a cabin. Presently he concluded the Indians
were getting altogether too threatening, and, fearing
harm might come to him and his family, he hastily
fled to the country east of the Alleghenies. He came
back in the fall, rightly conjecturing that the danger
signs were past, and quite luckily found his corn
crop intact and ready for gathering. In April, 1769,
he applied to have his land surveyed, and August 22d
of that year the survey was made. That was the first
survey made under the law of 1769 within the pres-
ent limits of Fayette County. Mr. Linn did not re-
ceive the patent for his land until 1787. In view of
the fact that this was the first land surveyed in the
county, a copy of the patent is given as follows :

"The Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of

" To all to whom these presents shall come, greeting : Know
ye that in consideration of the sum of thirty-nine pounds, ten
shillings and si.vpence in lawful money paid by Andrew Linn
into the Receiver General's office of this Commonwealth, there
is granted by this Commonwealth unto the said Andrew Linn a
certain tract of land called Crab-tree Bottom, situated on the
east side of the Monongahela River, on the Great Redstone
creek, in Fayette County, beginning at a corner sugar tree of
Samuel McCuUoch's land; thence by the same and a vacant
hill south thirty-five degrees, east sixty-eight and a half perches,
crossing said creek to a buttonwood tree ; thence by said creek
south eleven degrees, east one hundred and nine perches and
eight-tenths to a buttonwood, south fifty-five degrees, east
twenty-nine perches to a small buttonwood; thence across
said creek and by vacant hilly land south eighty-seven degrees,
east one hundred and sixteen perches to a post; thence by va-
cant hilly land north sixty-five degrees, east sixty-six perches
to a sugar tree a corner of Nathan Linn's land ; thence by the
same north one degree, west 47^q perches, and north 48 de-
grees, east 33-^^ perches to a box-elder tree; thence by vacant
land north 53 degrees, west 116 perches to an elm; north
twelve degrees, west twenty-four perches to a Spanish oak;
thence by vacant land or land of William Jacobs north seventy
degrees, west IJfljT; porches to a box-elder tree, and south 38}
degrees, west 70Jg perches to the place of beginning, contain-
ing 24-ti acres and allowances of six per cent, for roads, etc.,
with appurtenances (which said tract was surveyed in pur-
suance of an application, No. 2051, entered April 5, 1769, by
said .■Indrew Linn, for whom a warrant of acceptance issued on
March 27th last). To have and to hold the said tract or parcel



of land with the appurtenances unto the said Andrew Lynn
and his heirs, to the use of him the said Andrew Lynn, his
heirs and assigns forever, free and clear of all restrictions and
reservations as to mine royalties, quit-rents, or otherwise, ex-
cepting and reserving only the fifth part of all gold and silver
ore for the use of this commonwealth, to be delivered at the
pit's mouth clear of all charges. In witness whereof His Ex-
cellency Benjamin Franklin, Esq., President of the Supreme
Executive Council, hath hereto set his hand and caused the State
Seal to be hereto affixed in Council, June 16, 17S7, and of the
Commonwealth the eleventh.

" B. Fn.lNKLIN.

"Attest, James Trimble,

" For J. Armstrong, Jr., Seer/."

This tract has been in the possession of the Linn
family since it was surveyed for Andrew Linn in
1769, and contains to-day valuable deposits of coal
and iron ores that add to it a wealth of which An-
drew Linn never dreamed.

Andrew Linn entered the Continental service during
the Revolution as wagonmaster, and upon the close
of the war resumed his rural life on the Redstone.
About 1790 he moved across the creek, and lived near
the present home of J. M. Linn until his death in
1794. After his death his widow enlarged the Linn
landei possessions by the purchase of adjacent hilly
tracts, and in 1796 built upon the Redstone a grist-
mill, where Andrew Linn had some years before
erected a saw-mill. The Widow Linn would doubt-
less have deferred the building of the grist-mill, but
Basil Brown, with an eye upon the property, com-
pelled the erection of the mill under the law provid-
ing that every owner of a mill-site should put up a
mill thereon or abandon the same to the State. Mrs.
Linn's son Isaac was for many years the miller. Be-
sides Isaac, the sons of Andrew Linn were Andrew,
Jr., William, Ayers, and John. There was but one
daughter, Mary. She married John Corbly, a Bap-
tist minister of Greene County, who while on his
way to church one Sabbath with his children was at-
tacked by Indians. One of his daughters was scalped
and killed, while he and his other children made good
their escape by flight. John Linn went out to the
Ohio frontier to fight the Indians and was killed.
Andrew, Jr., moved to near Fayette City (or Cooks-
town). William, Ayers, and Isaac lived and died in
Redstone. Isaac occupied the old homestead and
carried on the mill. He went out as captain of a
company of Pennsylvania militia in Col. Rees Hill's
regiment in 1813, and served six months. J. M.
Linn, son of Capt. Isaac, recollects seeing the com-
pany leave Brownsville for the field, and recalls the
circumstance that the men crossed the river on the
mill-dam, the stream being then quite low. The
last survivor of Capt. Isaac Linn's company, Sergt.
John Reed, died at the house of S. W. Reed, in Jef-
ferson township, in the summer of 1880, at the age of

In 1817, Capt. Isaac Linn built the brick man-

sion which is now occupied by his son, J. M. Linn.
Henry Hutchinson, one of the hod-carriers .at the
building of that house, died in Springhill township
in 1879, at a great age, nearly ninety. He came of a
long-lived family, his mother dying at the age of one
hundred and six. Isaac Linn, who died in 1835,
upon the farm where he first saw the light, had nine
children, of whom the sons were Andrew, John, Wil-
liam, Jacob, James Madison, Thomas, and Ayers.
James Madison lives on the old farm, Jacob in Arm-
strong County, Pa., Ayers in Jefferson township, and
Thomas in Perry. J. M. Linn rebuilt the Linn mill
in 1844, and still controls it. He has been a miller on
that spot since 1820.

One of the conspicuous figures in Fayette County's
early history was Samuel Jackson, a sturdy Quaker
from Chester County, and a business man of large
and liberal enterprise that made him quite famous in
his day. Early in the year 1777 he settled in Fayette
County, at the mouth of the Redstone Creek, and
occupied land now included within the limits of Jef-
ferson township. The deed for the property, now in
the possession of E. J. Bailey, of Jefferson, recites
that May 22, 1777, Jesse Martin, of Westmoreland
County, transferred to Samuel Jackson, of London
Grove, Chester Co., for a consideration of two hun-
dred pounds, a piece of land with improvements at
the mouth of the Redstone Creek, containing three

hundred acres, known as "Martin's Folly," and
bounded by the lands of Thomas Brown and Andrew

This land was originally occupied for a settlement
by William Jacobs, who is said to have located
upon it as early as 1761. Driven out by the Indians,
Jacobs returned after a while and applied for a survey
of his land, April 24, 1769. He sold it to Prior Theo-
bald and Lawrence Harrison, to whom he executed a
deed bearing date June 2, 1769. Harrison transferred
his right to Theobald, July 10, 1769, and April 5,
1776, Theobald deeded the property to Jesse Martin,
who, in 1777, sold to Jackson. Mr. Jackson selected
a site for his home near the place now called Albany,
and built thereon a log cabin. In 1785 he erected the
commodious stone mansion now occupied by Eli J.
Bailey, and in that house resided until his death in
1817. Although nearly a hundred years old the house
is still a shapely, solid structure, and bids fair to re-
main so for years to come. The land purchased by
Jackson of Jesse Martin was not patented by the
former until Feb. 7, 1789. Jackson was a millwright,
and soon after making a location put up at the mouth
of the creek a saw-mill, grist-mill, and oil-mill. He
engaged likewise to a considerable extent in the
building of flat-boats, for which there was a lively
demand from emigrants coming over Burd's road to
the river, and thence desiring to journey to the lower
country. The craft were each in size large enough to
carry a family and effects, and while his customers
waited for the construction of a vessel Jackson would



furnish tliein with entertainment at his house for a
week or so.'

Samuel Jackson expanded his business enterprises
as time progressed, and grew to be a man of mark.
His establishment, in connection with Jonathan
Sliarpless, of the first paper-mill west of the Alle-
ghenies is spoken of elsewhere. He carried on a
store at Brownsville, in company with Ellis Nichols,
embarked in the manufacture of iron outside of the
county, had interests in varimH (itln r enterprises, and
in 1817 founded the Albany ( Mas^-Wdrks on the Mo-
nongahela, of which more anon. Jackson was a man
of peculiar and at times eccentric disposition, while
not infrequently his Quaker blood would boil witli
unaccustomed heat and stir up matters rather un-
pleasantly to the objects of his wrath. When so dis-
turbed he would walk with his long arms crossed be-
hind him, kicking spitefully at sticks and stones that
lay in his path. When bis paper-mill employes saw
him coming in such mood it was understood that
trouble was ahea4 for somelHMly, On oiii',
whilerepairing lii-inill-il:iin, hr kept a boat fur the pur-
pose of conveyiiiLT his lianils ari-d.^s the creek. While
he and his men were at liinn. r one ihiy a traveler saw
the boat, and knowini;- no other way to cross the
stream appropriated the eralt, tiel it to the other
shore, and proceeded on his way. When Samuel
came from dinner and found his boat on the opposite
bank he was very angry, and vowed terrible retalia-
tion should the opportunity offer. The opportunity
did ofler that very day, for the traveler had been only
to Brownsville, and came back by way of Jaekson's
in the evening, and he frankly <-onli<>ed to ha\in-
taken the boat. Mr. Jackson aiiLiiy, ami ex-
citedly exclaimed, "Friend, 1 wouldn't strike thee or
beat thee, but I have a mind to rub thee down, and
that severely." The fellow resented the implied
threat, whereupon Jackson cast self-control to the
winds, and with his fijt did rub the traveler's face so
severely as to draw blood. He then caught up his
victim hoilily ami east him headlong into the creek,
calline ont at thi' >anie time, "There, I'll teach thee
manners anil likiwise force thee to swim." Frightened
and half-drowned the fellow scrambled out of the
water, and hurried away as fast as his legs could carry

houso 1
]7.';4, K

him, satisfied doubtless that although a Quaker might
look meek enough he could easily show some of the
old Adam upon provocation.

"During the Whiskey Insurrection of 179-1,- Mr.

! Jackson, who, as a member of the Society of Friends,

I was conscientiously opposed to distillation, favored the
acts of the government as a means of suppression.
He had dubbed one of the insurgent meetings a
' scrub congress.' It gave umbrage to them, and at
a subsequent meeting it was proposed that a file of
men should go to the residence of Samuel, about a
mile distant, and bring him before them for condemn-
ation and punishment. Samuel did not much like
the visit or the intent of his visitors, and being a
large, athletic man might have given them some
trouble had he laid aside his Quaker principles ; but
being a man of peace, he submitted without resistance,
and accompanied his escort with his peculiar and
accustomed step, his long arms thrown crosswise be-

! hind, and with as much thoughtfulness in his manner
as if he were going to one of his own First-Day
meetings. The late Judge Brackenridge, who was
of the assemblage, was personally acquainted with
Samuel, and entertained a friendly regard for him.

I He mounted the stand and addressed the people, ad-
mitting that Samuel had been remiss in ajifilying

I opprobrious epithets to so august and legitimate an

' assemblage, but that he attributed it more to a want
of reflection on Samuel's part than to enmity or
design, and that the best retaliation would be in stig-
matizing him as a 'scrub Quaker.' It had the in-
tended effect. The insurgents discharged Samuel
with the appellation of being a 'scrub Quaker.'
Hail it not been for this ruse of Judge Brackenridge
Samuel would no doubt have been personally injured,

I or, as others had been, in the destruction of his prop-

j erty."

In 1817, Samuel Jackson began theerection of glass-
works upon his property, at a place now known as
Albany, but died before getting the works in opera-
tion. His sons, Jesse and Samuel, pushed the busi-
ness after their fiither's death, and made of Albany a
busy place. They had an eight-pot furnace, employed
about fifty men, and built for their convenience a store
and a score or more of tenement-houses. The works
produced common window-glass, and obtained sand
from the neighborhood of Perryopolis, whence it was
hauled in wagons. Glass was manufactured at that

I point by various persons until 186-5, when Ashbel
Gabler & Co. carried on the works. Since 186.5 noth-

' ing has been done there. Bowman & Keppert owned
the property for many years to 1881, when it was sold
to George E. Hogg, whose intention is to develop the
valuable coal deposits underlying it. Samuel Jack-
son's sons were Samuel, Jr., John, Josiah, Jesse, and
Jpseph, all of whom ultimately removed to the West

1 and died there. Of Mr. Jackson's three daughters.



Rebecca was noted for a prodigious strength, touch-
ing which a good many stories fire still current. One
of them is that it was a common thing to see her
carry a barrel of flour from her fiither's mill to his
house, and another that to lift a barrel of whiskey
clear of the ground was one of her pastimes. She
inherited the mill property, and in 1820 built a new
grist-mill on the creek to replace the one built
by her father, which was burned with the oil-mill
and saw-mill before his death. The mill she built
was enlarged by E. J. Bailey in 1844, and carried on
by him until 1865, when the dam gave way. Since
then it has been suifered to remain idle. For her
second husband Becky married Joseph Bailey, and
then removed her home to Greene County.

William Elliott, one of Jefferson's early settlers,
and a man of more than ordinary local prominence,
made a location upon which his grandson Robert
now lives. In a family of eight children he had but
two sons, who were named Johnson and James.
William Elliott, the father, was killed by a falling
tree a few years after occupying his Jefferson home.
His son Johnson lost his life in a similar way when
but nineteen years of age. James had a family of
ten children, of whom James, Robert, and Joseph
live in Jefferson. James Elliott, the father of the
tliree last named, died in 1842.

Before the close of the Revolution four brothers,
named Robert, James, William, and Peter Patterson,
moved from Dauphin County to Fayette County,
where they proposed to found new homes. Robert
settled in Westmoreland County and the others in
Fayette, Peter and William in Jefferson township,
and James in Franklin. The brothers came westward
in company, and with their families traveled and car-
ried their effects on the backs of horses. With the
journey over the mountains and the pack-saddle mode
of ])rogress William became especially familiar, for
after their settlement in Fayette he made several trips
to the East for salt and other supjjlies. Peter Patter-
son patented the land now owned by Emma Cope,
near Redstone post-office, and lived there until his
death at the age of more than ninety. He had a
large family, but of the sons only Thomas made his
home in the township after reaching man's estate.
He opened the " Red Lion Tavern" on the place and
in the house now occupied by David Browneller, but
did not keep it a great while. He gave it up before
1809, but while it lasted the "Red Lion" was a stop-
ping-place of some note on the old Pittsburgh road
leading from the country south by way of the Sharp-
less' paper-mill. William Patterson warranted, in
1786, the place now owned by William 6. Patterson.
He is said to have been born on shipboard during the
emigration of his parents from Ireland to America.
His children numbered nine, of whom but two were
sons, named James and William. James, who lived
and died in Jeflerson, was a captain in the war of
1812 under Gen. Harrison. Patterson went out as a

member of Capt. Reginald Brashear's company, but
Capt. Brashear falling frojn his horse and sustaining
severe injury resigned his command, in which he was
succeeded by James Patterson. A colored man named
Harry Goe, born in slavery upon William Goe's farm,
was a teamster in Capt. Patterson's company. Some
of Goe's descendants still live in Jefferson. Capt. Pat-
terson followed the business of teaming as well as
farming, and hauled goods from Baltimore and Phila-
delphia to Brownsville until 1823. In that year his
son, William G. Patterson, continued the business,
and freighted from Baltimore to Wheeling until the
Baltimore and Ohio Railway reached the Ohio River.
Capt. James died on the W. G. Patterson farm in 1827.
William Patterson, brother of Capt. James, lived on
the present David Wakefield's fiirm. He had eleven
children, of whom the sons were David, James, Wil-
liam, and Jeremiah. David served in the war of
1812 under Capt. Geisey. Of the eleven children six
are living. They are Nelly, Martha, James, and
Nancy Patterson, of Jefferson township; Jeremiah
Patterson, of Kansas, and Mrs. Sarah Ely (mother of
Mrs. Benjamin Phillips), of Redstone township.

In the bend of the river John Di.xon, a Quaker,
was the first permanent settler. He came from East-
ern Pennsylvania in 1770, and bought the tomahawk
claim of one Wiseman to about four hundred acres,
upon which Wiseman had built a cabin and set out a
few apple-trees. Mr. Dixon's home was on the pres-
ent Bowman place, where about 1800 he built the
stone house still standing there. In 1813 he built
a woolen-factory on his farm, and carried it on two
years, when, the close of the war acting disastrously
upon the business, he gave it up. Mr. Dixon had a
family of ten children, of whom four were sons.
Nathan lived upon the homestead, and died there in
1829. John Dixon, his father, died in 1840.

About 1800, Louis Marchand, a physician, located in
the river bend upon a four-hundred-acre tract, and en-
gaged in the practice of his profession. Being a bach-
elor he took Joshua Wagoner as a farm tenant and lived
with the Wagoner family. Dr. Marchand acquired
considerable fame as a skillful physician, and enjoyed
' a large and profitable practice. As the compounder
of an anti-hydrophobia p;ll, his reputation extended
far beyond the confines of Fayette County, and from
far-distant points, where stories of the marvelous
j cures effected had penetrated, came candidates for

Online LibraryFranklin EllisHistory of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men → online text (page 140 of 193)