Franklin Ellis.

History of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men online

. (page 143 of 193)
Online LibraryFranklin EllisHistory of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men → online text (page 143 of 193)
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march of railway progress to bring forth its hidden

T'pon the river, in Jefferson, coal-mining has been
carried on to a greater or lesser extent since 1834, and
engag.-. at picsiiit the attcnthm of six different mi-
ning CI II II pa n ii'^. who -hi [1 annually millions of bushels,
employ hundreds of liamN, ami have upon investment
Inindreds of thousands of dollars. Li the olden days
mining was pursued according to primitive methods.
The coal was wheeled from the pit to the river bottom
and there dumped, to remain until such a time as the
water in the river became high. Water being plenti-
ful tlie coal was dumped into flats and floated down
the stri'aiii to I'ittsbnrgh or other points. Similarly
coal wa- iiiinrd along the Little Redstone, and floated
out in the sanir u ay upmi the coming of high water.
The largi-l o]Hratiii-.- on the river in Jefferson at
present are 'Piiriihull iV Hall, wdio have been mining
there since 187L They have a river-front of half a
mile (or from the Washington line to Troytown),
owned from the commencement from six hundred to
S3vcn hundred acres of coal, and of that quantity
have three hundred acres still to be mined. They
have two openings. Both reach from the river to
Little Redstone Creek, while one passes under the
creek and so on. Turnbull & Hall have a capacity
f)r mining eighteen thousand bushels of lumii coal
daily, and employ ordinarily one hundred and twenty-
five men. They own a steam tow-boat and forty-three
coal-boats, possess also forty tenements in which
their miners live; they disburse monthly about
twelve thousand dollars in wages, carry on a store for
the convenience of their hands, and have upon in-
vestment in their business about one hundred thou-

ing Turnbull & Hall on the west is a miners'

village, known for years as Troytown, from one James
Troy, who about 1855 began mining operations there
and erected a score or more of tenements. The landed
interests havebeen, however, owned in chief for many .
years by Adam Jacobs, of Brownsville, who has leased
the coal privileges to various parties from time to
time. Among the mining operators at that point
after the departure of James Troy were Thornton
Chalfant, Mark Winnet, John Bortner, and Daniel
Bortner. Armstrong & Jacobs took the business in
September, 1880, and employ at present twenty hands.
They get out from three thousand to four thousand
bushels daily. Their working territory includes about
one hundred acres. Next above the Troytown Works
is the Forsyth mine, operated by Harris & Brother,
who have two hundred acres under lease and mine
about three thousand bushels daily.

Adjoining the Harris place is the White Pine
coal-mine, which has been abandoned since 1876,
when John Stofft was the lessee. The Forsyth tract
has been leased to the extent of two hundred acres
by the Little Alps Company, and will be mined in
the autumn of 1881. At the Marchand mine, in the
river bend, Eli Leonard now takes out from three
thousand to four thousand bushels of coal daily, and
employs a force of thirty-five men. At the Bud Coal-
Works the Little Alps Company has been operating
quite extensively since 1873, but that tract, like the
Marchaud Mine, shows signs of exhaustion. The
Little Alps Company's works include the coal under
an area of about seventy acres, produce at the rate of
six huudred thousand bushels annually, and give
employment to fifty men. Next to the Little Alps
Works, going up the river, lie the works of Morgan &
Dixon, who have been at work since 1874. They
owned originally one hundred acres of coal, of which
they have yet about fifty to be mined. Their work-
ing force averages from forty to sixty men, and their
yield is about twenty thousand bushels weekly. They
own a steam tow-boat and eighteen coal-boats. Be-
tween Morgan & Dixon and the mouth of the Red-
stone Creek there is an abundance of coal, but as yet
the deposits have not been developed.
The Redstone Coal Company, alluded to in the fore-
! going as owning about four thousand acres of coal
I lands along the Redstone Creek, was organized in
May, 1873, by Westmoreland County capitalists. At
the head was A. L. McFarland, and associated with
him were Messrs. H. D. Foster, Edward Cowan,
1 William Welsh, George Bennett, F. Z. Shellenberg,
Israel Painter, the McClellans, and others. They
bought coal lands on Redstone Creek, reaching from
the mouth of the creek to Vance's mill, and as a con-
dition precedent to their purchases agreed to construct
a railway through their territory. The railway com-
pany was accordingly formed, with J. H. Bowman as
president, and a majority of the directors of the Red-
' stone Coal Company as directors of the railway com-
I pany. Subscriptions to the amount of one hundred

^^?^i^<^ ^Mz^^;4c^^^ ^^



thousand dollars were received from people living
along the line, and work upon the road was be.;un
without much delay. The plan was to grade from
Brownsville to Mount Braddock, where connection
was to be made with the Southwest Pennsylvania
Railroad. Smith and Prindiville took the contract
for grading. Prindiville completed his portion of
the work, but Smith retired from the field before he
had fairly begun. His part of the unfinished con-
tract was sold to Campbell & Co., of Aitoona, who
upon winding up their affairs with the railway com-
pany found themselves unable to get much satisfac-
tion upon their unpaid claim of about twelve thousand
dollars. They entered suit and obtained judgment,
whereupon, in 1879, the road was sold by the sheriff,
and bid in by Mr. Prindiville for seventeen thousand
dollars. He sold out to Charles Spear, of Pittsburgh,
who took in George E. Hogg and Adam Jacobs, of
Brownsville, and they in turn sold their interests in
the fall of 1880 to the Pennsylvania Railroad Com-
pany. Meanwhile nothing was done upon the road
after the bed had been graded to Vance's mill, but
upon the acquirement of possession by the Pennsyl-
vania Railroad Company measures were set on foot to
pusli the work to completion with such effect that the
road is now nearly ready for the running of trains
from Brownsville to Uniontown. The Redstone Coal
Company remains still intact, F. Z. Shellenberg being
the president, and S. S. Graham secretary and treas-
urer, and awaits simply the completion of the railway
line to begin the development of the coal-mines.



In the year 1770, Dr. David Marchand, the ances-
tor of the Marchands now residing in Western Penn-
sylvania, settled on Little Sewickly Creek, about six
miles southwest of Greensburg, Westmoreland Co.,
Pa. He was born in the canton of Berne, Switzer-
land, and emigrated at an early age with his father,
David Marchand, to the British colonies in America,
and settled near Hagerstown, Md. His father was a
Huguenot, and fled his country on account of religious

Dr. David was a physician of rare ability. He
practiced in W&stmoreland and adjoining counties,
and so great was the'number of patients who applied
to him at his office that he established a hospital near
his home, to which many persons resorted for medical
treatment. He died July 22, 1809, in the sixty-fourth
year of his age, and his remains sleep in the cemetery
of Brush Creek Church, of which he was a liberal
supporter. His old German wooden-backed Bible
contains this entry upon the first page :

" These are the children which the Lord hath given \
me. Will the Lord keep them to walk in His way,

that in their conduct in life and in death they may,
in Christ, grow in patience and virtue :

"Catharine, born March 8, 1767.

" Elizabeth, born Xov. '^, 1768.

" Susanna, born Oct. 13, 1770.

"Judith, born Jan. 12, 1772.

"Daniel, born Dec. 8, 1773.

" Esther, born Aug. 23, 1775.

"David, born Dec. 10, 1776.

"Louis, born June 23, 1782."

The daughters all married and settled in Westmore-
land County, Pa. The sons all became physicians,
and all eminent in theis profession, and their distin-
guished ability, and that of their father, connected
the name Marchand in the most prominent manner
with the medical profession in that early day. Dr.
David, Jr., located in Westmoreland County. He
possessed great popularity as a citizen and a man, and
was twice elected to Congress, and returned home with
a pure and good record. He was the father of nine
children, seven sons, nil professional men. Dr. Daniel
settled in Unioutuun, l',i\ itti- Co.

Dr. Louis Maiiliaml ix'a.l iiirdicine with his father,
and graduated from the University of Pennsylvania
in 1809. He then located upon the Marchand home-
stead farm, in Jefferson township, Fayette Co., five
miles below Brownsvillr, mi the Monougahela River,
where he practici'l hi- priilrssidnforafew years. Upou
the death of his 1 rutliur l>aniul he located in Union-
town. While there he married (about 1823) Sarah,
daughter of Dr. Samuel Sackett, who lived on Georges
Creek, one mile south of Smithfield. He continued
to practice his jirdfessidn in Uniontown until 1843,
when he retired from practice and removed to his
farm in Jeli'crsun tnwnship, where he led a quiet life
until his death, Jan. 11, 1857. His remains rest in
the family graveyard upon the farm where he spent
his declining years. He was long a member of the
Cumberland Presbyterian Church, and became a
member at the time of its organization in Uniontown.
He had the profoundest reverence for God and sacred
things, and had implicit faith in the atonement of
Christ. Many remember him kindly for his valuable
services, and bless his memory for his disinterested
love. He practiced medicine from love for his pro-
fession, and from a desire to do good to suffering
humanity. He was an esteemed citizen and true
patriot. "His life was gentle, and the elements so
mixed in him that Nature might stand up and say to
all the world, tins is a man." He had nine children,
seven of whom grew to manhood and womanhood, —
Elizabeth, married to A. I. Miller; Samuel Sackett
Marchand, who was a physician, and noted for ability
and skill in his profession. He was educated at Madi-
son College, Fayette County, and Cleveland Medical
College. He practiced in Westmoreland County, Pa.,
and entered the army during the late war as captain
of Company H, 13Gth Regiment (Col. Bayne's). He
was wounded at the battle of Fredericksburg, Dec. 13



18152, and died in Lihl.y Ti-ison, Fei). 2S, 1863. His
remains were intciri-d at ItirliiiKUiil. Imt liave since
been removed to tlie family biirial-i; round on the
farm in Jefferson townsliij).

The third ehiUl, Rachel, married A. I. Miller as
his secoml wife. Tlie other children were Mary
L..iiisa, wlio marriiMl Thomas W. Lilly; Frances
Ciroliue, who married .John W. Ward; Lnciiis A.,
who married 3Iiiirrva Vandrutf, and resides upon the
old homestead; and Catharine B., married to Ellis

^y. Lilly.


"William Forsyth was born in Jeftei-son townsliip,
Fayette Co., Pa[, Aug. 28, 1799 ; died July 20, 1878 ;
Scotch-Irish stock. He was married, Sept. 18, 1828,
to Jane P. Steele, daughter of John Steele, of Jeff'er-
son township. Jane died Jan. 24, 1882.

They had eight children,— John, born July 2, 1829,
died Sept. 4, 18,32; Eli S.. married to Kate E. Wood ;
Kancy J., married to Joseph S.Elliott; Willam
Johnson, married to Lizzie R. Baily ; Elizabeth D.,
married Isaac T. Crouch; Mary A., married to Louis
S. Jliller; James S., married to Mary E. Morion ;
Ruth A., married to W. Frank Hough.

Mr. Forsyth was engaged in farming all his life.
He was also a coal merchant, and was successful in
all his business. He was a model farmer. He and
his wife were members of the rresbyterian Church
at Brownsville, where he held the ..Ith-e of elder.
When Little Iledstone Presbyleviaii Chureli was or-
ganized, about 1840, he was chosen a ruling elder there,
and continued in that position until his .leith. He
was an exemplary Christian, resi.eete.l and beloved
by all wh(j knew him. He was nuiet, unostentatious,
and benevolent.

His grandfather, AVilliam, settled upon the For-
•syth homestead in 1775. Lie came from the Eastern
Shore, Md. The farm was known as " W.dves' Har-
bor." He had eleven children. William's father,
Eli, was one of the younger. He was born about
1770. He married Jane McKee, who emigrated from
Ireland when about seventeen. They had eleven
chihlren, William being the oldest.

Elliott was born in Jefferson township,
14, and died Julv 21, 1878. He of

April . ,

Scot.-b-hish sloek, and was educated in nmon

schools and Ceoi-j,.- r,:,k Aeadeniy. He was mar-
ried, .Vprii 12, ls:;7,to F,li/,a .lane( 'oiiwell, of Lu/erno
They ha.l eight .■hildren. -.lames Stokely,
> Jane Wood: Annie :\[:iry, married to
Abrams; Ceorge Craft, deceased; .Marga-
retta Davidson ; Matilda Florence, married to Wil-
liam Craft; Virginia Bell, married to William P.
Allen ; Sarah Emma, married to Frank V. Jeffries,
and is dead; and Louisa Searight, unmarried.

Mr. Elliott was born in the old Elliott homestead,
about a mile from where his family now resides, to
which place he moved in 1837, and led the life of a
former the re-st of his years. He held a number of
township offices, and was collector of internal revenue
for Fayette County, receiving his appointment in
1862. He and his wife joined the Presbyterian
Church soon after their marriage. Mr. Elliott was
a successful business man. He was honest, and en-
.joyed the respect of his neighbors. He left his fam-
ily in very comfortable circumstances. He had but
little, if any, aid when starting out in life, and gath-
ered what he had and which his family now enjoy
by his own energy and good management.

Robert R


Joseph S. Elliott is the son of James Elliott, whose
father, William, came into Fayette County from
Wi-tmorehind (/ouuty at .iu early day, and had what
is now called "the old Elliott homestead," in Jeff'er-
son township, patented. His wife was Euth Craw-
ford. They had eleven children. James was the
fifth child and only son who grew to manhood, and
was born in Jefferson township, April 25, 1785, and
was a farmer. June 3, 1X1 ;;, he married Mary Cun-
ningham, of Rostraver township, \Vestmoreland Co.
They had ten children,— William, .lames C, Edward
J., Robert, Ruth, Mary A., Joseph S., Alexander,
Sarah R., and Jlartha, — all of wdiom grew to matur-

Joseph S. Elliott was born at the old Elliott home-
stead, Jeflti-son township, Fayette Co., Pa., April 18,
1827. His school education was limited. His busi-
ness education, gathered from observation and con-
tact with busini'ss men. is excellent. He was mar-
ried Oct. 7, is.-.ii. t.i Naney J. F..r.syth. They have
six children,— William F., marrie.l to Laura A. Wells ;
Violette H., married to .loseidi A. Cook; Oliphant
P., Ida J., Eva M., and (bacie F.

Mr. Elliott s]>ent his eaily life upon his father's
farm. In 1850 he began work ibr himself upon the
farm where he now resides, and has ever since been
engaged in farming .and stock-dealing. He is a
shrewd, energetic, successful business man, one of the
refli business men of the county. He makes money
and enjoys it, and has one of the most comfortable
homes in the county. He has no cliurch record, but
is a liberal supporter of all causes which he deems
worthy. His bnsiniss stains among those who know
him is as good as need be. He has held the usual
township offices inliiisted to business men in a busi-
ness township. His jH.ssessions are chiefly stock and
huids. He owns a thous;ind .acres of as good land as
tileries in Western Pennsylvania, and all underlaid
with bituminous coal except one hundred and thirty-
two acres. He has made his own fortune, with the
assistance of a most excellent wife. Mrs. Elliott is a
lady of rare general intelligence, and has a wider

'T?^ (Za

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knowledge of the requirements of business life than
liave most ladies, and has always eagerly united with
her husband in his various enterprises, while at the
same time paying special attention to domestic affairs.
A lesson for the young men of Fayette County
may be gleaned from Mr. Elliott's career in the fact
that he began with but little means, and, contrary to
Horace Greeley's well-known advice to young men,
refused to '' Go West," he holding that a dollar earned
here in a settled country is worth two wrought out in
the far West. So he settled down in Jefferson township,
and went into debt in the purchase, against the judg-
ment of his neighbors one and all, of the " Tark
farm," feeling that if he could not make a great sum
of money on it he could at least so manage as to
make of it a good practical savings-bank, which
would on sale render up whatever deposits he might
make in it; and by extreme industry, by tact in man-
agement, and by possessing himself of and applying
the best arts of agriculture, under a system of mixed
farming, including the raising of sheep for their
fleeces, etc., demonstrate that Fayette County is as
good a land as any in the West, or anywhere else, to
stay at home in and grow up to fortune.


Jlr. Henry B. Goe, late of Jefferson township, but
now a resident of Allegheny City, Pa., is the great-
grandson of William Goe, a native of Scotland, who
migrated to America at an early day and settled in
Prince George's County, Md., near what is now known
as Upper Marlboro', a suburb of Baltimore. William
Goe was there married to Elizabeth Turner, a daugh-
ter of John Turner, Jr. He was a planter and slave-
holder, but boasted that he never sold a slave. He
died in the summer of 1762, leaving a widow and
two children, — William, Jr., and Margaret.

William Goe, Jr., was born Aug. 4, 1729, and, like
his father, was a planter and slave-holder, and was
married, Nov. 28, 1754, to Dorcas Turner, a daughter
of Philip Turner, and who was born May 4, 17.35.
They had fourteen children. William, Jr., with his
family, migrated from Maryland to Fayette County
(then Somerset County, Va.) about 1773, and settled
on a farm on the east side of the Monongahela River,
between it and Little Redstone Creek, near where
the creek unites with the river. He died March 27,
1824, and was buried in a vault of his own construc-
tion on the farm. Of the number of his children was
one named Henry Bateman Goe (the fother of the
present H. B. Goe), and who was born in Upper
Marlboro', before referred to, June 14, 1770, and
came to Fayette County with his father when three
years old. After reaching maturity he went to Mary-
land, and there made the acquaintance of Susan Get-
tings (born Oct. 2, 1763), a daughter of Philip and
Elizabeth Gettings, of Prince George County, and
whom he married Feb. 16, 1792. She died June 30,

1837, and buried in the same vault with licr
father-in-law, William Goe, Jr., and her Iiushaml,
who had died twenty years before her.

Henry B. Goe, Sr., was an unusually active and
prompt business man, and lived on a farm east of
Brownsville, and near Great Redstone Creek. Hisfiirm
was patented in the name of " Friendship," by which
it is known to this day. Besides carrying on his farm,
he ran a mill and distillery located on the Airm. He
also traded on the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, going
as far as New Orleans by flat-boats, and returning
home overland by bridle-path through the wilderness.
At one time, in 1806, failing to make at New Orleans
satisfactory sale of a cargo, he crossed over to Cuba,
and .sold out in Havana. He died Oct. 28, 1817, leaving
a widow and an only child, Henry Bateman Goe, Jr.,
whose name is the caption of this sketch, and who
was born on Friendship farm, Dec. 29, 1803. He in-
herited Friendship farm of three hundred acres, and
the adjoining "Springfield farm" of two hundred
and fifty aci-es, together with a smaller farm near by
these and a section of land below Zanesville, Ohio.
His father dying when he was but fourteen years old,
his mother, a woman of wonderful energy, assisted
him at first in carrying on the farms and the distil-
lery. He was married, Jan. 20, 1824, to Catharine
Shotwell, a daughter of John and Sarah Shotwell, of
Fayette County, :iinl (■..iitinucd to operate the farm in
'connection witli liis nuithir until her death, when he
came into full |M„-,.-inii of tlic rstiite of his father,
and comliiotoil tlic I'liin niid ili^tillri'v us his principal
active lm<iiu>s uniil mIhuu 1s.;i', wlnri lie abandoned
the distillery and entered upon tire scientific improve-
ment of his farms and the raising of improved stock,
and soon became a noted breeder, for those days, of
short-horned cattle and merino sheep. He about that
time raised an excellent flock of improved merino
sheep, descended from the Atwood stock and that of
the eariy importers. His short-horns were better
known than his merinos, and perhaps he carried
their improvement still further than he did that of
his sheep. He continued actively engaged in the
stock-raising business until the fall of 1866, when he
relinquished it into the hands of his son, John S.
Goe, who, in the course of three or four years, closed
it out for him. In 1866, Mr. Goe sold his farm to his
son, Robert S. Goe, and moved to Allegheny City,
and entered into the oil business in Pittsburgh and
Bradford, Pa., and is still interested in the business.

In religion he is a Disciple, or Christian, and was
baptized by immersion, together with his wife, in
December, 1836. He has for many years held the
office of elder in the church, and has been a liberal
contributor to missionary and other church causes.

Mr. and Mrs. Goe, having lost one child, are the
parents of nine living children, — John S., H. Bate-
man, Mrs. Susan Gettings Newcomer, Mrs. Sarah
Caroline Elliott, Robert S., Mrs. E. S. Ganse, Joel
S., Rose S., and Laura.



John S. Goe, the oldest son of Henry Bateman Goe,
a biograpliical sketch of whom precedes this, was
born on Friendship farm, Jefferson township, Dec.
13, 1S25. Gen. Goe enjoys to-day a world-wide repu-
tation as the breeder of the finest flocks of pure-bred
merino sheep in the world, and as one of the breeders
of the best herds of thoroughbred, short-horned
cattle to be found. The raising of pure-bred domestic
animals and the improvement of his farm have been
the special aspirations, aims of ambition, and labors
of his life, and, as is conceded by his most envious
competitors even, his labors have been crowned with
signal success. His stock is sought for from all the
States and Territories of the Union, from Mexico and
Australia, colonies of his stock having been sent out
from his form to all the States and the countries
above named. The fame of his stock, thus widely
spread, is a just one, for his short-horns are descend-
ants from special selections from the great herds of
the old English breeders, the Colliugs, Whiticar, Ste-
venson, Ma.son, Bates, and Booth. In his herd are
descendants of one of the most famous bulls which
ever snutfed the air, "The Duke of Oneida," 9927,
and his dam, "The 10th Duchess of Geneva," said to
have been the best i)Ure Duchess in America. She
was sold at the great sale of short-horns at Xew York
Mills in 1874 for thirty-five thousand dollars to a
foreign purchaser, who took her to England, where'
she was recognized as the best pure Duchess in that

Gen. Goe's experience as an exporter has not always
been a smooth one. ■ He has had many obstacles to
surmount. The first exportation of his sheep to
Australia, in response to an order from there, com-
prised a struggle of three years or more with the
English government. Importation into Australia
was forbidden by an old and obsolete law, under pen-
alty of confi-cation and line, and perhaps imprison-
ment i\\<n. The Australian purchaser of Gen. Goe's
sheep, alter having forwanleil a draft of six hundred
pounds sterling and an unlimited letter of credit to
pay expenses, f juud himself foiled by the captain of j
the steamer "City of Xew York" and by envious
Australian breeders who took ailvantage nt' the law, |
and finally a special permit was prayed for from Par- '
liameut to land the sheep in Australia, which permit !
was granted about two years after it was first applied !
for. I

Gen. Goe, having previously held the position of

Online LibraryFranklin EllisHistory of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men → online text (page 143 of 193)