Franklin Ellis.

History of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men online

. (page 170 of 193)
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ship into Springfield. On these streams are a number
of good water-powers, which have been utilized from
the first settlement of the country. Salt Lick was
originally heavily timbered, and many parts are yet
covered with fine forests, free of undergrowth, adapt-



742



llIrfTOKY OF FAYETTE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA.



ing them for grazing. In other sections the ground
is covered with fine trees of a second growth, which
will be a source of wealth in years to come. The
township having been a part of BuUskin for a num-
ber of years, the original surveys and list of taxables
in 1788, given in the history of that township, em-
brace also what pertains to Salt Lick, and omitted
here to avoid useless repetition.

The pioneer settlers came from the eastern part of
the State and from Maryland about the period of the
Kevolution, a few possibly cnniiiiL' earlier. Concern-
ing some of the pioneiT> Uut littlc^ .an lie said. Tliey
removed from the township iiioir than half a century
ago, and the bare record of their having lived in Salt
Lick alone remains. To that class belonged Christian
Perkey. He made early and noteworthy improve-
ments on Indian Creek, near the north line of the
township, his lands beiiii;- partly in AVestmoreland
County. Near his forimr nsi.Wnee are imw the mills
of Wiiliaiii Xuwell .>i Son. Perkey had sons named
Daniel and ('liri-tiaii, and a few other children, but
none of their liesci-ndants are left in the county.
Several miles south, on Back Run, were Peter and
George Bucher, both of whom had sons bearing their
names. George Bucher was the owner of a slave,
commonly called Black Ben, who, whatever virtues he
may have had, was possessed of a weakness for strong
drink, a liking which did not much promote his per-
sonal welfare. Peter Bucher died at his home near
the Berg Mills about 1807, but the others bearing that
name removed in the course of a dozen years. John
Martin liv.d ,.n a tia.t of land east of the Buchers,
where lie did l.efoiv Isln, l,tit his tamily remained a
score ot years longer, wlien they left for the West.

Benjamin Davis was the |.iiineer on the present
Joseph W. tiallentine place, where he kept a licensed
tavern as early as ITHo, while northeast, on the same
road, George Batchelor kejit a ]iul.)lic-liouse the same
year. But both families renioveil fioni the township
more than seventy years :,m,,. ( ieen|,ying a fine tract
of land at an int.-i in. dia',.- poini I.eiween the above
was Andrew Trapji, the first jiisiie.' of the peace. He
was by birth a Pennsylvania Dutelmiaii, but possessed
shrewd, sound sense, and was, in his day, a [lerson of
so much importance in the community that liis place
was the centre of business, notwithstanding the early
elections were held at the house of Benjamin Davis.
He had sons named Philip, Andrew, David, and John,
and six daughters. He died in 1824, and was Imried
in the cemetery at the Lutheran Church. Thereafter
his business was carried on by his son Andrew a few
years, when all of the family removed. The original
Trapp larm is now the property of H. L. Sparks.

In the southern part of the township George Poe
was one of the first settlers. He was a native of
Maryland, and a brother of Adam and Andrew Poe,
the celebrated frontiersmen, who sometimes came from
their home, near the Ohio Kiver. to visit their brother.



The latter had a son named George, and another
named Andrew. His daughters married Henry
Adams, Levi Adams, and Christopher White, all of
whom lived in Salt Lick. About 1810 the Poes emi-
grated to the Ohio country. There is much of interest
connected with the name of Poe on account of the
e.xploita of George Poe's brothers, Adam and Andrew
Poe, who lived in the western part of Washington
County. One adventure in particular, occurring on
the Ohio River in 1781, in which Adam Poe killed
the famous Wyandot chief " Big Foot," after a long
and dubious hand-to-hand struggle with the savage,
is related at length in several histories of early border
warfare, and is familiar to a majority of readers.

The Poes were all muscular men, none of them
being less than six feet in height, and although noted
for their heroic achievements, were peaceable, kind-
hearted, and greatly esteemed by their neighbors.
Henry and Levi Adams, sons-in-law of George Poe,
were also natives of Maryland. They came to Salt
Lick some time about 1790, and Levi, after liv-
ing a time there, went to the West to join the Poe
family. Henry Adams settled on Back Run, dying
on the farm now owned by David Adams about
twenty years ago, at the age of eighty-five years.
He had sons named John, Henry, and George, the
latter still living in Bullskin at the age of eighty
years. His sisters were married to Jacob Pritts,
Abraham Dumbauld, and Daniel Witt, all of Salt
Lick.

The Dumbauld family was the first to make a per-
manent settlement and retain it to the pre.sent time.
The progenitor of the family was Abraham Dumbauld
(formerly Duimb.auld), a native of the canton of
Berne, Switzerland, who emigrated to America when
he was nineteen yeai-s of age. He settled at Hagers-
town, where in time he married a daughter of the
founder of that town, and subsequently came with a
number of other immigrants to the Ligonier Valley.
He laid claim by tomahawk right to large tracts of
land on Four-Mile Run, west of the Chestnut Ridge,
and on Champion and Indian Creeks, in Salt Lick.
This was before the Indian troubles were settled, and
after being in the country a short time, the Dum-
baulds with others sought safety by going back to
Hagerstown. About 1769 they returned to the Li-
gonier Valley and erected a block-house on Four-
Mile Run, to which they might flee in case of Indian
incursions or when they apprehended an attack by
the savages. Abraham Dumbauld had two sons and
several daughters ; the former were named Peter and
Abraham. The latter left the home of his father and
brother, in Westmoreland County, and about 1777
settled on the Dumbauld claim on Indian Creek,
near where .fudge Dumbauld now lives. Even at
tiiat time they did not live secure from the Indians,
and on several occasions Abraham Dumbauld took
his family from Salt Lick to the block-house on the
Henrv farm in the Liffonier Vallev, burving such of



SALT LICK TOWNSHIP.



743



their valuables as they could not carry with them.
On one occasion a lot of dishes were thus hidden in
the hurry of their departure, and when they re-
turned the most diligent search failed to reveal the
spot, the dishes being finally given up as lost. A
sister of Abraham Dumbauld, who came with him to
Salt Lick, was the first person to die in the township.
Her coffin was a trough-shaped box, hewed out of a
chestnut log, and the place of burial was on the Dum-
bauld tract, where they made a family graveyard.
This tract of land embraced three hundred and sixty-
seven acres, the warrant therefor being dated 1785,
and extended on both sides of the Indian Creek
north of Champion Run. Abraham Dumbauld died
about 1828, upwards of seventy years of age, and his
wife, whose maiden name was Catharine Boyer, sur-
vived him, dying at the age of eighty years. Their
children were all born in Salt Lick, as follows ; Fred-
erick, Feb. 6, 1778; Mary, July 6, 1780; Philip,
June 10, 1783; David, June 18, 1785; Peter, Dec.
20, 1787; Christiana, March 3, 1790; Barbara, Sept.
16, 1792; Dolly, March 24, 1795; Elizabeth, Sept. 8,
1797.

Frederick Dumbauld was the first white child born
in the township. He lived on the homestead until
about 1832, when he moved to Ohio. Philip, the
second son, lived on an adjoining farm, and after his
death, some time about 1830, the family also emi-
grated to Ohio. David settled on Back Run, where
he died after 1860. He was the father of Hugh and '
Samuel Dumbauld, who removed to Indiana. Peter
married Sally Cable, and lived on the homestead until
his death in April, 1875. For many years he was a
justice of the peace. He was the father of Abraham '
C. Dumbauld, living in the western part of the town-
.ship; Jonathan, living in Somerset County; Samuel,
living in Illinois; Peter and Solomon, who removed
to Indiana; and David W. C, the youngest son, yet
living on the homestead, which has been occupied by
the family more than a century. He has held many
offices of public trust, and is better known as Judge
Dumbauld. The only daughter, Elizabeth, became
the wife of Samuel Pile, of Licking County, Ohio.
The daughters of Abraham Dumbauld married:
Mary, John Lohr, and died on the homestead ; Chris-
tiana, Samuel Fulton, of Somerset County ; Barbara
and Dolly, Joshua Davis and Jacob Miller, both of
Salt Lick; and Elizabeth, Henry Phillips, of Somer-
set County.

Shadrach Davis, by birth an Englishman, came to
Salt Lick about the same time as the Dumbaulds.
He was the father of Abraham and Joshua Davis,
who were prominent in the history of the township.
The former first lived on Champion Run, on the farm
now owned by Amos Miller, but died at the hamlet
of Davistown, where he owned and operated mills.
He reared sons named Samuel, who moved to Spring- j
field in 1830, settling on the farm now owned by his ;
son Solomon, where he died in 1873 ; Jacob, yet living



j in Westmoreland ; Benjamin and William, who re-
moved to Defiance, Ohio; John, Jehu, and Solo-

' mon died in Salt Lick. The daughters of Abra-
ham "Davis married William Stull, Samuel Eicher,

j David Stull, Jacob Snyder, Eli Gallentine, and Dan-
iel Bruner. Joshua Davis lived in the northwestern
part of the township until his removal to Jefferson

I County, about 1838.

j Adam Bungard, a German, settled on the tract of
land which is yet in part owned by the Bungard

j family, where he died in 1833 at the age of eighty-
seven years. He reared sons named Adam, George,
John, Christian, Daniel, Jacob, and Michael. His

: daughters married Jacob Miller, Samuel Berg, and
Samuel Hahn. Of the sons, Jacob and Michael yet

I live in the southern part of the township. On " Plen-

' tiful Hill" John Grindle was a pioneer. He was the

father of John, David, and Christian Grindle, who

after living in Salt Lick a number of years moved to

the West.

The Schlater fiimily were among the first settlers

j in the Ligonier Valley, where they had many ad-
ventures with the Indians. One of the Schlater
daughters was scalped and left for dead, but re-
covered and became the mother of a large family. In
the possession of Isaac Schlater is the door of one of
the pioneer cabins in which the family lived, which
shows numerous bullet-marks and gashes made by the
tomahawks of the Indians in one of their attacks.
Some of the family lived near the Salt Lick line, and
Isaac Schlater was for a number of years the owner
of the Mount Hope Furnace in that locality. Henry
Schlater for a number of years livcMl in Salt Lick, re-
moving from the townsliip to i ihin. In the extreme
northwest of Salt Lick HmW the Kc-slar family, some
of the MK'inl.rrs n-i.iiii- in W. -Inioivland. AVilliam
Kesslar iiii|irnvi'il tli^ iMrm wav owimmI by James Coff-
man, ami (ic-uigt- K.-lai- tin- Martin Wrinkler place.
Ludwig Miller was born in Somerset County, but
in 1800 moved to the present Christner farm, in the
southern part of Salt Lick, where he died in 1845.
His son, Jacob H., was just a year old when his
parents settled in the township. He yet resides in
the eastern part of Salt Lick, one of the oldest and
most hale men in the county. For twenty-five years
he was a justice of the peace, and in that period of
time joined two hundred and forty couples in matri-
mony, — a very large number considering the sparsely-
settled condition of the country. The other sons of
Ludwig Miller were Ludwig H., who moved to Ohio ;
George H., who died near Sparks' Mill; Henry H.,
whose death was caused by falling from a horse ;
Abraham H., who died in Springfield ; Frederick H.,
who fell from a cherrj'-tree and was killed ; John H.,
removed to Ohio; and Isaac H., the youngest, died
in the township. The daughters married Christian
Bungard, Ludwig Hart, Jacob Bungard, George Sleas-
man, and Henry Cassell. There were thirteen chil-
dren in all. and when Mrs. Ludwis Miller died, at



744



HISTORY OF FAYETTE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA.



the age of eighty-six years, she liad one hundred and
fifty grandchildren and two hundred great-grandchil-
dren, some of her children being parent to eighteen
and twenty children. Nearly all the Mill.r~ in Salt
Lick originated from this family, and liav.- .li-].|,i\ . il
remarkable unanimity in their political pinlikitinii-.
At the late Presidential election the fiunily cast twenty
.votes for Gen. Hancock. John Harbaugh, who re-
sided for many years on the head- waters of Poplar
Run, was the grandson of tiie Millers. He received
from Gen. .Jackson a hickory cane, which passed from
him to the Millers, and is cherished by them as a
memorial of the stern old hero of New Orleans.

At the head of Laurel Pain, Charles Worrick, a Revo- '
lutionary soldier, was a pioneer wlio came in about i
the close of the war. He died in Springfield town-
ship at an advanced age. Of his sons, William died
at Connellsville, and John was burned to death while
attempting to rescue his family from his burning
house. This sad event occurred about IS-'i^.

On Champion Run, John Robison was one of the
first settlers. The land passed from his to the hands
of his son John, and from him to his son Jacob. The
farm at present belongs to the latter's son, Wm. L.
Robison, a member of the fourth generation. The
present Lyons farm was first settled and improved by
John Crist, and sold by him to Henry Yedeson about
1812, when Crist removed to the West. He was the i
father of Frederick Crist. On the Peterson place Wni.
Hess was a pioneer, and after the death of Hess the
farm was occupied by his son-in-law, Samuel Lohr.

George Sleasman, a native of New Jersey, came
about 1800 and settled in the southeastern part of the
township, near Worrick's and Anthony Miller's, the
latter living on the present Yinkey place. He died
in 1812, and his son Peter was then bound out to
Andrew Trapp. He is still a resident of the town-
ship at the age of seventy-two years. George Sleas-
man last lived on the George Batchelor farm after the
latter had removed. David Berg, a native of Lancas-
ter County, became a settler of Salt Lick a little later,
locating on the farm which is now occupied by Elijah
Cramer. Of his sons, Benjamin, David, and Joseph
are yet residents of the township. Other sons were
John, Frederick, Samuel, Jacob, George, and Eman-
uel. John Yinkel was one of the pioneers on Laurel
Hill, where he lived until the death of his wife, when
he removed to Ohio, but returning to Salt Lick after
many years, died at thehouseof his son-in-law, David
Berg, at the age of ninety-eight years. In the western
part of the township, Christian Echard, the father of
John, David, Jacob H., George, Christian, Peter, and
Levi Eichard, settled some time after 1800, and some
of the above yet remain in the township.

TOWNSHIP OIKJANIZ.'i.TrON AND LIST OF OFFICERS.

The township was created at the December, 1797,

term of Court of Quarter Sessions, "on the petition of

sundry inhabitants of the Salt Lick settlement, in the



township of BuUskin, praying for a division of said
township, and that the top of Chestnut Ridge may be
the line of separation. It is considered by the court
that the prayer of the petitioners be granted, and
that the eastern division be called Salt Lick township."
Although thus officially named, it was for several
years known by the name of Young township, not
only locally but in official transactions. In the sec-
ond volume of " Com. Records," page 38, under date
of Jan. 1.3, 1798, the name of Reuben Skinner appears
as the assessor of Young township. Again, March 1,
1798, " the house of Benjamin Davis, of Young town-
ship," is designated as the place where appeals from
assessments might be heard. The name of John Rob-
ison appears as the collector of taxes, July 7, 1798,
for the township of Young, and the tax-roll for that
township is closed Feb. 16, 1799, over the signatures
of John Robison and George Batchelor, his assistant.
Other accounts were opened about this time with
Young township, and continued later as the accounts
with Salt Lick ; but there is nothing on record to show
that the name of Young was ever authorized. It was
probably unwittingly used in a local sense, and thus
received semi-official sanction until the error was
corrected. The term Salt Lick was derived from the
licks of salt along Indian Creek, the principal .stream
in the northeastern part of the county, and the name
was for many years applied to all that part of the
country lying east of the Chestnut Ridge and north
of the Youghiogheny River. A petition for the di-
vision of this large township was presented to the
court at its June session in 1831, and William David-
son, William Andrews, and Samuel Rogers were ap-
pointed viewers, with orders bearing date Nov. 1,
1831, continued Jan. 13, 1832, and March 8th of
the same year. At the following session of court,
June, 1832, they reported that they had "met to view
the contemplated division line as set forth by the
order, and are of the opinion that it is inexpedient
to grant the prayers of the petitioners." The court
approved the report, and for several years the subject
was allowed to rest. But at the June session in 1839
the court was again petitioned for a division, and
commissioners were appointed, who reported unfavor-
ably Sept. 5, 1839, their report being approved by
the court. After the lapse of eight years a petition
again went to the court praying for a division of
the township of Salt Lick, and Thomas R. Davidson,
Alexander M. Hill, and Joseph Torrance were ap-
jjointed viewers. These reported Sept. 18, 1847, and
on the 11th of December of the same year their re-
port was confirmed as follows: "The court approve
the divi-inii (if said township by the clay turnpike ;
the south -iilc of said road to be the line from the Con-
nellsvilli- and BuUskiii township line to Indian Creek,
ancl from thence to the Somerset line, the northern
side of .-.aid road to be the line. The northern town-
ship to retain the name of Salt Lick, and the southern
township to be called Youghioglieny township."



SALT LICK TOWNSHIP.



It appears that llie above division did not prove
satisfactory to the citizens of the newly-constituted i
township, and at the September term of court, 1848, j
that body was petitioned for a new township, to em- |
brace parts of both Salt Lick and Youghiogheny. |
Abraham Pershing, Levi Bradford, and Provance I
McCormick were appointed commissioners to inves- j
tigate the matter, and a report was made by them
Dec. 4, 1848, and ordered filed in favor of a new
township. This report was confirmed on the 10th of
March, 1849, as follows: "The new township is
established according to the within report, and the
court direct that the said township shall be called
' Springfield.' " By this order Salt Lick was limited 1
to its present bounds, and those of Springfield were
enlarged in November, 1855, by the addition of that
part of Youghiogheny township which had not been
absorbed by the formation of Stewart township.

Before Salt Lick was erected Andrew Trapp held
a commission as a justice of the peace in and for the
township of Bullskin, his name appearing in that
connection as early as 1796. He was also the first
justice of Salt Lick. He served as a justice a number
of years, but in 1810 appears the name of Richard
Skinner as a justice, and later, and before 1837,
Frederick Dumbauld, William Kessler, Peter Dum- l
bauld, and Peter Kooser.

Among other early officers of Salt Lick were the
following : 1798, John Cleary and George Poe, con-
stables; Abraham Dumbauld and William Kern, su-
pervisors of highways ; Christian Perkey and William
Smith, overseers of the poor. 1798, John Schlater
and Alexander Cummings, supervisors of highways; |
Henry Rush and Christian Senff, overseers of the
poor. 1800, Richard Truax and Jacob Norrix, over-
seers of the poor. 1801, Richard Truax and Conrad
Bates, supervisors of highways ; Alexander Cum- '
mings and William Spear, overseers of the poor. I

1802, Michael Beasinger and George Bungard, super-
visors of roads ; William Kern, Nathaniel Skinner, I
John Robinson, and Joseph Hoffhance, auditors, j

1803, John Robinson and Richard Truax, supervisors i
of highways ; William Kern and Abraham Dum-
bauld, auditors. 1804, John Robison and Smith
Godwin, supervisors of highways. 1805, Benjamin
Truax and George Wolf, supervisors of highways.
1806, John Murray and George Batchelor, auditors.

Since 1839 the principal oflicers of Salt Lick have

been the following :

1840.— Justices, Peter DumbaulJ, Jacob H. Miller: Assessor,
Gabriel Christner; Auditor, Fred Begg.

1S41.— Assessor, David Barnett; Auditor, William Kern.

1842. — Assessor, George Dull; Auditor, John Senff.

1843.— Assessor, John Robison; Auditor, Abraham (lallentine.

1844.— Assessor, John M. Murray; Auditor, Abraham C. Dum-
bauld.

1845.— Justices, Jacob H. Miller and James Schriehfield ; As-
sessor, Daniel Kessler ; Auditor, John Senff.

1846.— Assessor, Daniel Senff; Auditor, Abraham Gallentino.

1847.— Assessor. Jonathan Lvon ; Auditor. Jacob 11. Miller.



IStS.-As-essur, Jacob Pritts; Audilor, Peter Dumbauld.

1849. — Justice, Pelor Dumbauld; Assessor, Samuel Kessler;
Auditor, Abraham Gallentine.

1850.— Justice, Philip Fleck; Assessor, Jacob W. Robison;
Auditor, John Schultz.

1851.— Assessor, Henry Snyder; Auditor, D. W. C. Dumbauld.

1852.— Assessor, William Muney ; Auditor, Samuel Kessler.

185.3.- Assessor, Jo.-eph Gallentine; Auditor, AVilliam Fleger.

1854.— Justice, D. W. C. Dumbauld; Assessor, William Steel;
Auditor, Peter Dumbauld.

1855.— Justice, Philip Fleck ; Assessor, John Shultz ; Auditor,
John R. Lohr.

1856.— Justice, Daniel Witt; Assessor, A. C. Dumbauld; Audi-
tor, Samuel Kessler.

1857.- Assessor, Jacob H. Miller; Auditor, A. C. Dumbauld.

1858.— Assessor, John Shultz; Auditor, Jeremiah C. Lohr.

1859. — Assessor, Jacob Yothers; Auditor, Daniel Witt.

I860.— Justice, Philip Fleck; Assessor, Samuel Lohr.

1861.— Justice, Jacob H. Miller; Assessor, John Davis; Audi-
tor, D. W. S. Cavenaugh.

1862.- Assessor, Peter H. Eehard; Auditor, Emanuel Barley.

1863.— Assessor, John F. Murray; Auditor, William H. Miller.

1864.- Assessor, D. A. C. Hosteller; Auditor, Jacob H. Miller.

1865.- Justice, D. W. C. Dumbauld; Assessor, Frederick Mur-
ray; Auditor, George A. Dumbauld.

1866.- Justice,Jacob H.Miller; Assessor. J. C. Lohr ; Auditor,
Philip Fleck.

1867.— Assessor, George W. Kern ; Auditor, Jacob H. Miller.

1868. — Assessor, David Cramer ; Auditor, George A. Dumbauld.

1869.- Assessor, Aaron Brooks; Auditor, Jeremiah M. Miller.

1869.- Justice, D. W. C. Dumbauld; Auditor, Nathan Wilson.

1870.- Justice, Jacob H. Miller; Assessor, D. W. C. Dum-
bauld; Auditor, George A. Pritts.

1872.— Justice, David A. Witt; Assessor, William H. Miller;
Auditor, Jeremiah M. Miller.

1873.— Assessor, John N. Kalp : Auditor, David A. Witt.

1874.— Assessor, A. C. Dumbauld; Auditor, George A. Dum-

1875. — Assessor, David Ayres; Auditor, Emanuel Barclay.

1876.— Justice, George A. Dumbauld; Assessor, Simon Fulton;
Auditor, David Witt.

1877.— Justice, Isaac W. White; Assessor, S. M. Miller; Audi-
tor, Heman Stall.

1878.— Assessor, Samuel Christner; Auditor, George AV. Gaus.

lS79.-^Assessor, Cyrus White; Auditor, David A. Witt.

1880.- Assessor, David Foust ; Auditor, Henry Witt.

1881.— Justice, George A. Dumbauld; Assessor, A. H. Miller:
Auditor, J. B. Adams; Supervisors of Roads, E. Barkley,
A. Reece, and J. H, Miller.

ROADS.
One of the oldest roads of the township of which
any record appears was petitioned for December, 1784,
praying that it be located from the Broad Ford to Chris-
tian Perkey's mill, and from thence to the Redstone
Old Fort. At the March term of the court, 1786,
Robert Beal, Edward Doyle, Andrew Arnold, Wil-
liam Miller, and Joshua Dickerson, as viewers, re-
ported " that the road was of great use and very
necessary, as well for the county adjacent as for the
inhabitants to said road in general, and we do presume
it to be necessary to be of the width of thirty feet."
"Thereupon, after due consideration, the court do
confirm the same, and order that the said road be



746



HISTORY OF FAYETTE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA.



Online LibraryFranklin EllisHistory of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men → online text (page 170 of 193)