Franklin Ellis.

History of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men online

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child ; Assessor, Edward Loverns; Auditor, Henry New-
myer.

1S79.— Burgess, Joseph Newmyer; Assessor, W. H. Rush;
Auditor, J. R. Laughrey ; School Directors, S. S. Stahl,
M. B. Fryer.

ISSO.— Justice of the Peace, J. K. McDonald: Auditor, Eli
Galley ; Assessor, Jackson Anderson : School Directors,
William Lint, John Coder.

1881.— School Directors, Eli Huston, David Forsythe ; Assessor,
Eli Galley; Auditor, J. A. Kittell.

CHURCHES.
THE METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH AT DAWSON.

The organizatiou of this church was effected about
1870, and in 1872 the present church edifice of the
congregation was erected and dedicated, the dedi-
cation sermon being preached by the Rev. Charles
Smith.

From the organization of the church to tlie pres-
ent time it lias been served by the following-named
preachers, viz. : the Revs. Garrett Wakefield, Mitch-
ell, Stewart, Taylor, Emerson, Reynolds, Appleton,
Moftatt, Eaton, Staiford, Storr, and S. Lane, the pres-
ent pastor.

The church has now (1881) a membership of sixty-
five, and is one of four charges under the pastor.
Bryan Church is in the connection, and Pleasant
Grove, near Layton Station, which has a membership
of thirty, is also within this charge.

PEESBVTERIAN CHURCH AT D.VWSOX.

In 1874 a Presbyterian Church was formed and or-
ganized in the borough of Dawson, with forty-two
members, among whom were the following-named
persons, who joined on certificates from the old Ty-
rone Church, viz.: Solomon Baker, M. E. Baker,
Lewis Huston, Rebecca Huston, Rachel Suverin,
Milton Jenkins, Susan Jenkins, Margaret Newmyer,
Kate Newmyer, Mary Stauffer, Jonathan Merritt,
Mary M. Merritt, William Lint, Mary J. Lint, An-
drew McElhaney, Anna McElhaney, Emma McEI-
haney, Mary Shoffer, A. C. McCune, Nora McCune,
Mordecai McDonald, Jane McDonald, Parthenia Pat-
terson, and Ellen Kepple. Jonathan Merrit, William
Lint, and Solomon Baker were elected ruling elders.
The Rev. Thomas S. Park became their pastor, and
remained as long as the church was continued. No
church edifice was erected, and after about three
years the church organization was dissolved, and the
congregation returned to the mother-church of Ty-



rone, under the pastoral care of the Rev. J. H. Ste-
venson.

THE BAPTIST CHURCH AT DAWSON,

This church was organized in 1874, under charge of
the Rev. William Ellis. Services were at first held
in the school-house. A church edifice was com-
menced in June of the same year, but was not com-
pleted till November, 1878. At the dedication, dele-
gates were i)resent from the Baptist Churches of
Flatwood, Connellsville, Peunsville, Scottdale, and
Uniontown. The dedication sermon was preached
by the Rev. R. C. Morgan.

Prior to the dedication of the church the pulpit was
supplied, in 1875, by the Rev. W. R. Patton, and in
1876 by the Rev. Robert Miller. The Rev. 0. B.
Stanger was called to the pastorate for one year,
beginning Oct. 13, 1878, but resigned April 6, 1879.
From that time the pulpit was occasionally supplied
by the Rev. R. C. Morgan and others for about two
years, until May, 1881, when the Rev. Amos Hutton
was called to the pastoral charge. The church now
contains about fifty members, and has in counecton
with it a Sabbath-school of seventy pupils.

SOCIETIES AND ORDERS.

Bloomington Lodge, No. 728, I. O. of 0. F., was
chartered Sept. 3, 1870, with John Coder as N. G.-;
H. E. Koser, V. G. ; J. F. McGill, Sec. ; W. H. Cot-
torn, Asst. Sec. ; and J. C. Knight, Treas.

It has at present sixty-five members. The otScers
for 1881 are as follows : T. Robb Deyarmon, P. G. ;
Henry Newmyer, N. G. ; Henry Thrasher, V. G. ;
Henry Molliston, Sec. ; John Coder, Treas.

Tyrone Lodge, No. 310, K. of P., was chartered
Aug. 10, 1871, with George Strickler, Charles Cherrey,
M. L. Moore, R. Strickler, J. Coder, N. C. Cochran,
L. Cochran, John M. Burney, and John McCracken
charter members. The present membership is sixty-
five, and the oflicers for 1881 are H. E. Momyer, C. C. ;
Isaac Colbert, V. C. ; C. O. Schroyer, P. ; Solomon
Baker, K. R. S. ; Charles Cherrey, M. F. ; H. J. Mol-
liston, M. E. ; Isaac Shepard, M. A. ; Jackson An-
derson, P. C.

Hodenausonee Tribe, No. 164, 1. O. of R. M., was or-
ganized in the 17th Sun of the Cold Moon, G. S. I). 381,
to bear date 29th Sun of the Hunting Moon, G. D.,
380. The charter members of this tribe were John
Coder, Solomon Baker, John C. Knight, John R.
Dunham, Jesse A. Oglevee, Charles Cherrey, William
Harberger, Frank Snyder, Alexander Davenport,
William Randolph, Jasper N. Colbert, George Mc-
Burney, David Randolph, Isaac Colbert, Daniel Wirt,
John Hartwick, Lutellus Cochran, AVilliam W. Luce,
and Edward E. Strickler. Meetings are held in <!)dd-
Fellows' Hall.

" Brotherhood of the Union, encircled in the H. F.,"
No. 90, was chartered Aug. 2, 1876. The charter
members were William L. Shaw, John McCracken,
Frank Richie, Martin Johnson, Daniel Jones, P.



802



IlISTOllV OF FAYETTE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA.



Mulligan, Harry Johnson, William Highberger, F.
C. Reed, and Martin Layton.

Star of Hope Lodge, No. 196, I. 0. of G. T., was
organized in 1878, the charter being without date.
The following-named persons were the charter mem-
bers : Franklin Snyder, John W. Sherbondy, Daniel
P. Whitsett, John H. Stranck, Nelson Newmyer,
Jonathan Hewitt, William Herbert, Lewis L. Huston,
J. K. McDonald, Jr., David Orbin, Thomas B. Mure,
L. H. Eaton, William Lint, Mrs. C. L. Whitsett,
Mrs. Clara Eaton, Miss C. Sherbondy, Miss Gertie
Sherbondy, Miss Barbara Orbin, Miss Hannah Mure,
Miss Mary Orbin, Miss Dora Martin, Miss Flora
Stickle, Miss Lizzie Smith. The lodge has at present
seventy-eight members.

The public hall in Dawson was erected by the Odd-
Fellows. In this hall the meetings of the several
societies are held.

The borough now contains two churches (Methodist
and Baptist), a post-office, railroad depot, express-
and telegraph-offices, school-house, Odd-Fellows'
Hall, steam grist-mill, spoke-factory, saddler-shop,
shoe-shop, tin-shop, a silversmith-shop, three hotels,
five stores, a drug-store, and three physicians, viz. : Dr.
J. C. Henry, Dr. G. M. Campbell, and Dr. H. Dravo.
The population of the borough by the United States
census of 1880 was four hundred and fifty-three.



This mining settlement has grown up from the very
extensive coke-works in the vicinity, and is en-
tirely made up of the homes of miners. It is reported
in the census of 1880 as having a population of six
hundred and fifty-three.

COKE MANUFACTURE.

From Broad Ford north to the county line is an
almost continuous succession of coke-works, extend-
ing along the Mount Pleasant Branch Railroad, half
of which in number (and more than half in number
of ovens) are owned by the H. C. Frick Coke Com-
pany. The Henry Clay Works, at Broad Ford, were
commenced by the H. C. Frick Company about 1872,
and have been in operation since that time. At this
place the company has one hundred ovens in blast,
and eighteen new tenements have been recently
erected for occupation by the laborers employed
about the works. The coal taken from this mine is
hauled up a slope ; all the others farther up the road
are worked in drifts. The H. C. Frick mines are
ne.xt north from the Henry Clay. They were started
about 1870, and have now one hundred andfsix ovens,
employing eighty-five men.

The Morgan Coke-Works were commenced about
1866 by Sidney and James Morgan and A. J. Cross-
land, and about 1878 were sold to the H. C. Frick
Coke Company, who now have in use at this place
one hundred and sixty-four ovens and employ one
hundred and twenty men. They liave here ten blocks



of tenement-houses and shops, in which they build
all the cars, wagons, and wheelbarrows used in the
extensive operations carried on along this line of rail-
way.

The " White" mines, late the " Hutchinson Globe,"
were started by A. C. Hutchinson & Brother, and
came into possession of the H. C. Frick Coke Com-
pany in January, 1881. They have one hundred and
forty-eight ovens now in operation at this place.

The Foundry Mines and Coke- Works were put in
operation about 1869 by Strickler & Lane, com-
mencing with a few ovens and gradually increasing
the number. They now comprise seventy-four ovens,
owned and operated by the H. C. Frick Coke Com-
pany, who employ here a force of fifty men.

The Eagle Mines were put in operation by Markle,

, Sherrick & Co., about 1868. A few years later they

sold to the H. C. Frick Coke Company, who have

now in operation eighty ovens and employ fifty-five

men.

The Summit Mines were opened by Cochran &
Keister, in 1873. In February, 1880, they were sold
to the H. C. Frick Coke Company. There are now
here in operation one hundred and forty-two ovens,
and ninety men are employed. Forty-four tenements
are near the mines. The company own one thousand
acres of land on the south side of the Mount Pleasant
Branch, and four hundred acres on the north side.

The Franklin Mines, owned by B. F. Keister & Co.,
are next above the "Summit." Here are in operation
one hundred and thirty ovens.

The Tip-Top Coke- Works were started by Charles
Armstrong about eight years ago. In 1879 they were
sold to the H. C. Frick Coke Company, the present
owners. Fifty-six ovens are in operation at the Tip-
Top.

The Clinton Mines are next above the Tip-Top, and
are owned by James Cochran & Co. Forty-four ovens
are in active operation at these mines, and five cars
are daily loaded with coke from them.

The Valley Mines were started by Wilson, Boyle &
Playford, about 1870. At the time of sale to the H.
C. Frick Coke Company, in April, 1880, they had one
hundred ovens in operation. They have since been
increased to one hundred and fifty-two, the number in
operation at the present time.

The Hope Mines and Coke- Works, called until re-
cently the Sherrick Mines, are situated about half a
mile east of Everson Station, and also east of both
the Southwest Pennsylvania and Mount Pleasant
Branch Railroads. They were put in operation about
ten years ago by Jacob Sherrick, and were sold by
him in March, 1881, to the present proprietor, Joseph
R. Stauffer, for about eighteen thousand dollars. The
])roperty embraces about thirty-one and a half acres
of coal as yet untouched (as shown by a survey made
in the spring of 1881). The proprietor has in opera-
tion at this place twenty ovens, with a daily capacity
of thirty tons of coke. He has here all the neces-sary



i



iliil!llllillllliililliilii|;iMBiilli|HI




TYllONE— UPPER AND LOWER TOWNSHIPS.



buililings and appliances for the business, — tank, of-
fice, and dwellings for the employfe. The works are
so favorably situated with regard to drainage that no
pumping is required. The number of persons em-
ployed by the works is fifteen.

The Charlotte Furnace Company's Coke-Works
embrace sixty ovens, located on the Fayette County
side of Jacob's Creek, directly opposite their furnace
and rolling-mill at Scottdale, Westmoreland County.

The Keifer Coke-Works were started by W. A.
Keifer, who built five ovens here in 1871, and shipped
the first coke over the Mount Pleasant Branch Rail-
road. He subsequently built a large number of ovens
additional to the first " plant," but all of them were
afterwards demolished and about forty new ones
erected, which are now in operation, producing coke
for the use of the Charlotte Furnace Company, and
operated by W. A. Keifer. The coal is mined by
drift, and about sixty tons of coke produced per day.
The works give employment to thirty men. They are
located on a line with those of the Charlotte Furnace
Company, and are in fact a part of those works.

The Fountain Coke-Works are located next above
the Keifer Works. They have fifty ovens, producing
about seventy tons of coke per day, and are owned
and operated by J. D. Boyle.

The Dexter Mines and Coke- Works, owned and
operated by J. R. Stauffer & Co., are located on the
Stauffer farm, and are the next coke-works above
the " Fountain," on the Mount Pleasant Railroad.

The property connected with the works embraces
one hundred acres, of which about thirty acres has
been exhausted, leaving about seventy acres of coal
untouched. The works were built in 1873 by the
brothers Staufler. The coal is taken out by drifting.
Forty ovens are in operation here, producing sixty-
five tons of coke daily. They are well equipped,
having a store-house twenty by thirty-six feet in
dimensions, two tanks, the necessary sidings, and
eight dwelling-houses for operatives. The works
have $25,000 invested in them, exclusive of the land,
for which no outlay was required, as it belonged to
the Stauffer homestead property. A view of the
Dexter Coke- Works, as also of the flouring-mills of
J. R. & A. Stauffer, is given herewith.

The Painter Coke-Works are next above the Dexter,
on the Mount Pleasant Railroad. These works were
put in operation in 1873 by Col. Israel Painter, the
location being upon land which he had owned for
some time previously. Col. Painter built seventy
ovens, and carried on the works till 1878, when he
sold the work to McClure & Co., of Pittsburgh, the
present proprietors, who added one hundred and fifty-
eight ovens, making a total of two hundred and
twenty-eight, the number now in operation at these
works. The coal is mined by drift, and is of excellent
<|Uality for coking.

The Diamond Coke- Works, the most northerly of
the works in Fayette County, on the line of the Mount



Pleasant Railroad, were started in 1874 by Lomison
& Stauft, who then erected twenty-five ovens, and

I manufactured coke here until 1879, when they sold
the works to the Diamond Coke Company. That
company built twenty additional ovens, and carried
on the works until 1880, when they sold the property
to McClure & Co., who built additional ovens, bring-
ing the whole number to sixty-six, as at present.
About eight car-loads of coke are produced here
daily. Both the " Diamond" and the " Painter's"
Works (owned by the same proprietors) are under the

j superintendence of J. H. Culler.

The mines and coke-works above mentioned are all
located in Upper Tyrone township, except the " Henry
Clay" Mines, which are in Connellsville.
The H. C. Frick Coke Company own eleven miles

I of railroad and twenty-nine miles of pit-track, and
keep in operation two hundred and nineteen cars,

I owned by themselves. The company have in their

[ possession about twelve square miles of coal lands
and surface in this section, and operate several hun-
dred more, besides buying the coke produced by about
two hundred and fifty other ovens. They have stores
for supplying their miners at Broad Ford, Morgan,

' and the Summit, and blocks of tenement-houses for

[ miners' occupancy at all their mines. They are now
(June, 1881) laying water-pipes for the purpose of

j furnishing their works with an unlimited supply of

I water.

j ' The Spurgeon (formerly Spring Grove) Mines and

I coke-ovens in connection, are located on Hickman
Run, near its mouth. They were commenced in 1864
by Cochran & Keister, their present owners, who
have one hundred ovens in operation, and ship ten

j car-loads of coke daily. They have a store and tene-

] ments for their workmen and laborers at the mines.

! The Jimtown Coke- Works (next above the Spur-
geon) are owned by J. M. Schoonmaker. Three
hundred and three ovens are now in operation here,
and thirty car-loads of coke are shipped daily. A
store and tenement-houses for the operatives are owned
by the proprietors of these works. J. R. Laughrey
is superintendent of these, as well as of the Sterling

'■ Mines and Coke- Works, located on the Youghiogheny
River.

Next above Jimtown are the " Cora Coke-Works,"
erected in 1880 by Jacob Newmyer & Sons, compris-
ing forty-two ovens in active operation.

For the accommodation of the above-mentioned
works on Hickman Run there has been built a rail-
road, called the Hickman Run Branch, connecting
with the main track of the Baltimore and Ohio Rail-
road near the mouth of the run.

Along the Youghiogheny River above Dawson, on
the line of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, are a
number of mines and coke-works. The first of these
(passing from Dawson towards Broad Ford) is the
Favette Coke-AVorks, now owned by James Cochran,



HISTORY OF FAYETTE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA.



Graff, Bennett & Co., and the Manchester Iron and
Steel Company. A few ovens were built and put in
operation here as early as 1842 by Campbell & Mc-
Cormick. The present works were commenced in
1866. They now number one hundred and twenty-
five ovens, and are under the superintendency of
James Cochran, a principal owner.

The Jackson Mines are situated on the main line •
of the railroad east of the Fayette Works. They
are owned by J. K. Ewing, James Cochran, Sample
Cochran, and J. T. Cochran, under style of " Jack- j
son Mines Company." Sixty-four ovens are in oper- i
ation, producing an average of seven car-loads of i
coke daily.

Next east are the Sterling Mines, owned by J. M.
Schoonmaker, and under the superintendency of J.
E. Laughrey. One hundred and fifty-nine ovens are
in operation here, producing seventeen car-loads of
coke daily. [

The Tyrone Coke-Works of Laughlin & Co., next
east of the Sterling Mines, have one hundred and
thirty ovens. Next above these are the Washington
Mines, the last of those located between Dawson and
Broad Ford. They are owned by Sample Cochran
& Co. The number of ovens now in operation is
thirty-two.

The manufacture of fire-brick in Fayette County
was begun as early as the year 1830 by Jacob Ander-
son, who is now living at Rochester, Pa. He com -
menced the business about one mile from Connells-
ville. The brick he made were loaded upon flat-boats
and floated down the Youghiogheny River to Pitts-
burgh ; there they were used in furnaces, mills, etc.
The business was continued for many years by differ-
ent persons, among whom were Thomas Ewing, Clem-
ent Smith, Henry Wather, William Graham, John
Kilpatrick, John T. Hurst, Jackson Spri-s, and
several others. But it was not until thi- l,ii-iii,>- of
coke manufacture became the leading liu>iin— ui tlif
county that the real value of the fire-brick made here
was recognized. When the fact became known by
practical tests that as the Connellsville coal makes i
the best coke now known in this country, so the nearer j
to the town of Connellsville the fire-brick are made ;
tiie better they are adapted to the use of coke-ovens, ■
and the interest has been carried to such a degree of i
perfection by some of the operators that they make
as many as six different compositions in making the
brick for one oven. There are two different kinds of
fire-clay used in these brick,— plastic or soft clay, and
flinty or quartz clay. These are put in in such quan-
tities, as experiment has demonstrated in their use in
the brick, as are best suited to the place the brick are
to occupy in the oven. The flint clay is about as hard
as limestone, and is of close, fine grain, taking a pol-
ish like marble. It is placed in a large metal pan, a
stream of water is turned upon it, and two large rol-
lers revolve around in the luiri, causiiiL'- tlie clnv tni'i-nn



the size required, when the proper quantity of plas-
tic clay is added, making the whole mass into a pasty
substance. It is taken out of the pan and moulded
and dried on a hot floor made for that purpose, then
the brick are set in kilns and burned about five days
and nights. They are then ready for the market. It
is also necessary in making some of these brick to
calcine a part of the clay before using it. The busi-
ness is carried on extensively by Joseph Soisson and
Worth Kilpatrick, a view of whose works is shown
in this book. They are located about two miles from
Connellsville, at Moyer Station, on the Southwest-
ern Pennsylvania Railroad. These gentlemen are
thoroughly posted in their business, and have been
obliged to increase the capacity of their works sev-
eral times during the last three years. They send
some of their bricks six and seven hundred miles
from the place of manufacture, which is an indication
that they are becoming widely known as thorough,
progressive, and responsible business men.

The fire-brick works of J. M. & L. Cochran are on
the line of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, between
Dawson and Layton Station. They have a capacity
for manufacturing ten thousand bricks per day. They
are used chiefly in the construction of coke-ovens.

RAILROADS.
The main line of the Pittsburgh and Connellsville
Railroad (now under lease to the Baltimore and Ohio
Railroad Company) runs the entire length of the
south boundary line of the two townships on the north
bank of the Youghiogheny River. It has stations at
Broad Ford, Dawson, Laurel Run, and Miltenberger.
Branches connect with this main line ; one, the Hick-
man Run, connects at a short distance above Dawson,
and is entirely used for the transportation of coke from
the coke-works in that region. The other is the
Mount Pleasant Branch, which connects at Broad
Ford and extends to Mount Pleasant. This branch
is used largely for coke, but also has a heavy passen-
ger traffic. Along the entire line of this road are
located coke-ovens, and the amount of coke shipped
daily is immense. The stations in Upper Tyrone are
Broad Ford, Morgan, Tinstman's, Fountain, Overton,
and Everson, at the iron bridge.



IOGRAPHIC.\L SKETCHES.



JAMES COCHRAN.
James Cochran, of Dawson Station, is one of the
most remarkable of the self-made men of Fayette
County, a man of clear understanding, of great en-
ergy and indomitable will, but of a generous nature,
tender-hearted withal, and, in short, a flue example of
robust, hearty manhood. He is in both lines of
Scotch-Irish extraction. Both his paternal grand-
father, Samuel Coclirau, and his maternal one, Eze-




■■/?'/ 7-^- <s.:/ M^(>rl




/ ^IZ:^Z^:



TYRONE— UPPER AND LOWER TOWNSHIPS.



805



kiel Sample, came to America from the north of Ire-
land. The latter settled in Westmoreland County,
and died there. The former settled near Lancaster,
Pa., and moved into Fayette County when Isaac, the
father of our James, was quite young. About 1815
Isaac Cochran married, in Westmoreland County, Ro-
sanna, daughter of Ezekiel Sample, before named,
and took her to his home in Tyrone township, where
he led the life of a farmer, and where his family of
five sons, of whom James was the fourth in number,
and four daughters were all boru, James being born
Jan. 15, 1823.

James attended in childhood the subscription
schools till he was about thirteen years of age, when
his mother died, and he then left home and went out
to shift for himself, to try " the battle of life" in the
school of experience, which Mr. Cochran emphatic-
ally declares to be " the best school that anybody ever
attended." At the outset he engaged himself to a
farmer to help him " put in seeding," — that is, to sow
his fields ; and for pay the farmer gave him " an old,
worn-out, long-tailed blue coat," which the boy's
pride would not allow him to wear. So he went
home across the fields in shame and anger. He
would work for that farmer no more. He next
bought, on credit, some red flannel for a " wa'mus," —
i.e., a sort of buttoniess wrapper, — and got, also on
credit, from Sample Cochran, his brother, lumber for
a flat-bottomed boat large enough to carry a hundred
tons of sand, built the boat, and sold one-half of it
to Sample to pay the lumber bill, and then went into
partnership with him in washing sand at their uncle's
bank near the present village of Dawson, prepara-
tory to carrying it to the glass-makers at Pittsburgh.
For this load they got two dollars a ton ; and they
sold the boat, and had as the result about a hundred
dollars apiece in pocket, which sum, Mr. Cochran
says, was more of a fortune in his young mind then
than are now to him all his present possessions.
They continued boating, carrying sand, glass-stone,
cinders, etc., mostly to Pittsburgh, for several years.
Thereafter he and his brother and uncle, in the sum-
mer of 1842, feeling quite rich, leased two coke-
ovens at what is now styled Fayette Works, and
made two boat-loads of twenty-four-hour coke, having
themselves previously made two boats, which they
loaded. A boat held 6000 bushels With their
loaded craft they left for Cincinnati, Ohio, April 1,
1843, without money, and with no shelter over their
heads, and with no place to lie for rest except on the



Online LibraryFranklin EllisHistory of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men → online text (page 184 of 193)