Franklin Ellis.

History of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men online

. (page 40 of 193)
Online LibraryFranklin EllisHistory of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men → online text (page 40 of 193)
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Uniontown, Nov. 1, 1794.^ It was as follows :

" Gentlemen,— The resolutions entered into at
the late meeting of the people at Parkinson's Ferry,
with the various papers declaratory of the determina-
tion of the numerous subscribers to maintain the
civil authority, manifest strongly a change of senti-
ment in the inhabitants of this district. To what
cause may truly be ascribed this favorable turn in
the public mind it is of my province to determine.
Yourselves, in the conversation last evening, imputed
it to the universal panic which the approach of the
army of the United States had excited in the lower
orders of the people. If this be the ground of the
late change, — and my respect for your opinions will
not permit me to doubt it, — the moment the cause is
removed the reign of violence and anarchy will return.

" Whatever, therefore, may be the sentiments of
the people respecting the present competency of the
civil authority to enforce the laws, I feel myself ob-
ligated by the trust reposed in me by the President
of the United States to hold the army in this country
until daily practice shall convince all that the sover-
eignty of the Constitution and laws is unalterably es-
tablished. In executing this resolution I do not only



2 Tlic committee, however, were not very well plr.,,- >l iviil, \t.. .i ,-•■-

"History of the lusurreclioii," p. I'.IO), "IiiJepil.th. ^' 1

liolitcly in other respects and employed to assist in iIm li\ii..; ■ l n . cs-
saries for the army, and consulted about the ground on wliicl] it should

w ith tliat candour and frankness witli wliicli we had been treated by the
President at Carlisle."
■1 Pa. Arcliivcs, 2d Series, vol. iv.p. 437.



17G



HISTORY OF FAYETTE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA.



consult the dignity and interest of the United States,
which will always command my decided respect and
preferential attention, but I also promote the good
of this particular district.

" I shall, therefore, as soon as the troops are re-
freshed, proceed to some central and convenient
station, where I shall patiently wait until the com-
petency of the civil authority is experimentally and
unequivocally proved. No individual can be more
solicitous than I am for this happy event, and you
may assure the good people whom you represent that
every aid 'will be cheerfully contributed by me to
hasten the delightful epoch.

"On the part of all good citizens I confidently
expect the most active and faithful co-operation,
which in my judgment cannot be more effectually
given than by circulating in the most public manner
the truth among the people, and by inducing the
various clubs which have so successfully poisoned the
minds of the inhabitants to continue their usual meet-
ings for the pious purpose of contradicting, with their
customary formalities, their past pernicious doctrines.
A conduct so candid should partially atone for the
injuries which in a geat degree may be attributed to
their instrumentality, and must have a propitious
influence in administering a radical cure to the exist-
ing disorders.

'■ On my part, and on the part of the patriotic army
I have the honor to command, assure your fellow-cit-
izens that we come to protect and not to destroy, and
that our respect for our common government, and
respect to our own honor, are ample pledges for the pro-
priety of our demeanor. Quiet, therefore, the appre-
hensions of all on this score, and recommend univer-
sally to the people to prepare for the use of the array
whatever they can spare from their fiirnis necessary
to its subsistence, for which they shall be paid in cash
at the present market price; discourage exaction of
every sort, not only because it would testify a dispo-
sition very unfriendly, but because it would probably
produce very disagreeable scenes. It is my duty to
take care that the troops are comfortably subsisted,
and I cannot but obey it with the highest pleasure,
because I intimately know their worth and excellence.
" I have the honor to be, gentlemen,

" Your most obedient servant,

" With due consideration,
"Henry Lee."

This reply, or address to the people, was printed
and circulated extensively in every part of the four
counties.

After a stay of a few days at Uniontown and Mount
Pleasant respectively, the two columns of the army
moved on in obedience to the general orders of the
commander-in-chief, as follows :

" Heahquarters,
"UxiON (Beesox's) Towx, Nov. 2, 1704.
" The nrmy will resume its march on the morning of the 4th,
;,t the hour of eight, when a signal-gun will be Ored. They



will advance in two columns, composed of the respective wings.
The right column will take the route by Lodge's to Budd's
Ferry, under the command of his E.xcellency Governor Jlifflin,
who will please to take the most convenient situation in the
vicinity of that place for the accommodation of the troops and
wait further orders. The left co:umn will proceed on the route
to Peterson's, on the east side of Parkinson's Ferry, under the
orders of Major-General Morgan ; they will marcli by the left
in the following manner: Light corps, cavalry, artillery, Vir-
ginia brigade, Maryland brigade, the baggage to follow each
corps, and the public stores of every kind in the rear of the
Virginia brigade. On the first day the light corps and artillery
will march to Washington Bottom, fourteen miles ; the Vir-
ginia brigade to Peterson's farm, twelve miles; the cavalry
under Major Lewis will move with the comm!inder-in-chief ;
the bullocks to precede the army at daylight. On the second
day the column will proceed to the camp directed to be marked
out between Parkinson's .and Budd's Ferries.

"Should Brigadier-General Smith find the second day's
march rather too much, he will be pleased to divide the same
into two days. The quartermaster-general will immediately
take measures for the full supply of forage and straw at the
different stages. The commissary will pKace the necessary
supply of provisions at particular intermediate stages where
issues will be necessary j guards over the straw as soon as the
van reaches the ground, and to sec the same fairly divided
amongst the troops. [Here follows the assignment of straw to
each brigade, to the cavalry and artillery, and directions for
making out the pay-rolls for one month's pay from the com-
mencement of service.] The inspector and muster-master-gen-
ei'als of the respective line will also make pay-rolls for the
general staff, to be countersigned by the commander-in-chief
previous to payment. Henuv Lee."

" By the Commander-in-Chief.
-G. H. TAVLon, Aidc-iU-Canq}."

Under these orders the left wing marched from
Uniontown, and the right wing from its camps at
Mount Pleasant, Bonnett's, and Lobengier's, at the
appointed time, and moving to the vicinity of the
Monongahela and Youghiogh eny Rivers, in Westmore-
land County, went into camp at the place designated,
between Parkinson's and Budd's ferries. From his
headquarters, " near Parkinson's Ferry," on the 8th of
November, the commander-in-chief issued an address
or proclamation to the inhabitants of certain counties
lying west of the Laurel Hill, in the State of Penn-
sylvania," the tone of which was a little after the
manner of a conquering chieftain addressing the peo-
ple of a subjugated province. " You see," he said,
" encamped in the bosom of your district a numerous
and well-appointed army, formed of citizens of every
description from this and the neighboring States of
New Jersey, Maryland, and Virginia, whom the vio-
lated laws of our common country have called from
their homes to vindicate and restore their authority.
. . . The scene before your eyes ought to be an in-
structive one ; it ought to teach many useful truths,
which should, for your own happiness, make a deep
and lasting impression on your minds. . . . Those
who have been perverted from their duty may now
perceive the dangerous tendency of the doctrines by
which they have been misled, and how unworthy of



THE WHISKEY INSURRECTION.



177



their confidence are the men by whom, for personal
and sinister purposes, they have been brought step by
step to the precipice from which they have no escape
but in the moderation and benignity of that very gov-
ernment which they have vilified, insulted, and op-
posed. The friends of order may also perceive in the
perils and evils that have for some time surrounded
them how unwise and even culpable is that careless-
ness and apathy with which they have permitted the
gradual approaches of disorder and anarchy."

The general then proceeded to recommend to the
people to manifest their good intentions by taking and
subscribing an oath (the form of which he prescribed)
to support the constitution and obey the laws, and
by entering into associations to protect and aid
all government officers in the execution of their
duties. He further recommended to all men able
and willing to do military duty, and truly attached
to their government and country, "to array them-
selves into regiments, one for each county, and to
place themselves under such ofiicers as may. be
selected by the Governor of the State, known to be
firm friends to order and right, upon the express con-
ditions of holding themselves in constant readiness to
act in defense of the civil authority whenever called
upon, receiving for their services the same pay and
subsistence as is allowed to the militia of the United
States when in actual service." He then concluded
his proclamation as follows: "In pursuance of the
authority vested in me by the President of the
United States, and in obedience to his instructions, I do
moreover assure all who may have entitled themselves
to the benefit of the amnesty proffered by the com-
missioners heretofore sent by him to this district, and
who may not have forfeited their title by subsequent
misconduct, that the promise will be faithfully and
liberally observed, and that all possible endeavors
will be used to prevent injury to the persons or prop-
erty of peaceable citizens by the troops, whose sole
province it is to subdue those, if any there should be,
hardy enough to attempt an armed resistance, and to
support and aid the civil authority as far as may be
required. To the promulgation of these, my orders, I
with pleasure add my assurances that every exertion
will be made by me— and, from my knowledge of the
officers and soldiers of the army, I am persuaded with
full success — to carry these wise and benevolent views
of the President into complete eftect."

The entire army remained in the neighborhood of
Parkinson's Ferry for several days, after which the
main part of the troops moved down the Mononga-
hela River, and on the loth of November a detach-
ment was marched from the vicinity of Parkinson's
to the town of Washington, accompanied by Secretary
Hamilton and Judge Peters, and taking with them a
large number of prisoners' which had been taken in



the eastern part of Washington County. All the
prisoners taken by the army excepting three were
taken in that county and Allegheny, under Gen.
Lee's special orders,- issued for that purpose to Gen.
Irvine and other officers in command of cavalry.

The time indicated in this order (Thursday morn-
ing, November 13th) was the time when most of the
arrests were made by the military.

The commander-in-chief, at Uniontown, on the 1st of
November, had announced his intention " to hold the
army in this country until daily practice shall convince
all that the sovereignty of the Constitution.and laws is
unalterably established." In a few days after his forces
marched northward from Uniontown he became so
convinced, and at once began to make arrangements
for the return of the army. The notification of the
reopening of the inspection-offices was made on the
10th,'' and they were accordingly reopened ten days



put tlie diimntd rascals in tlie ceHar, to


ie them back to buck, to makn


n fire fur the guaril, but to put the piiso


lers back to the farther


end of


the celhir, and to give tliem ueillicr vie


nils nor drink. The cellar was


wet and muil.ly, and the night coM ;


he cellar extended the


whole


length under a hirge new log hon<e, vvl


ich was neither floored


lor the


openings between the logs daubed. Tl


ey were kept there unti


Satnr-


day morning, and then marched to the


town of Washington.


On the


march one of the prisoners, who Wius su


■ject to convulsions, fell into a


fit, but when some of the trooj.s tub! U


n. White of bis situatio


. he or-


dcred them to tie the damned r.isi al to :


borsi'slailanddraghi


1 along


with them, for ho had only fci!;t>i I li;iv


1- 111. tils. Someofhisfellow-


prisoners, however, wlio lia.l n I.


1 md let the p.


or man


ride. He had another fit bn, ,. i ,.


1 N^.-l.ington. Thi


nnirch


was about twelve miles. Tli ;


I 1 i.mI the fits had been in


the American service during ,. i: -


., i . , ,,1 III,. «,,, Nvit


, Gieat



Biituiu." Findley relates i
inflicted on prisoners l-y tli-
liis statements may iiave In
seen through all lii-^ ii:r i <
the worst possil'lo \<-: i >
ticnlarlynll whicli. i .-

authorized, encoiuiiiiLd, < i
ecuted by Bng.-Geu. White
- The following uro extn
Irviuo :



-From the delays ami



ouslj


agaii
er in


St ofl^enders,
the most dis
itted treason.


ble .


purp
the 1


i.tn.


,p|.r,.l,.-ml,.i|.


'""'



likh attend the pres-
lish preliminary pro-



paper comiireheuds



"On Thursday.



f November," says Findley, in his " History
tion," "there were about forty persons brought to Park-
y order of Gen. White [of New Jersey]. He directed to



3 "The announcement by Inspector Neville was as follows:
*' Notice is hereby given that on Thui-sday, the 20th instant, an otfice
of inspection will be opened at Pittsburgh for the county of Allegheny, at



HISTORY OF FAYETTE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA.



later without opposition at tlie principal towns of the
four counties. The withdrawal of the army was an-
nounced, and the order of its return march directed,
in orders by Gen. Lee, dated "Headquarters, Pitts-
burgh, Xov. 17, 1794," viz.:.

"The complete fulfillment of every object JcpenJent on the
olToits of the army makes it the duty of the comuiander-in-
chicf to take measures for the immediate return of his faithful
fellow-soldiers to their rcspeclive homes, in execution of which
no delay will be permitted but that which results from the con-
sultation of their comfort.

•' On Tuesday morning, at the hour of eight, the Pennsyl- •
vania Cavalry will be ready to accompany his Excellency Gov-
ernor Mifflin, whose official duties renders his presence neces-
sary at the seat of government.

"On the nest day the first division of the right column,
consisting of the Artillery and Proctor's Brigade, under the
orders of JInj.-Gen. Irvine, will commence their march to Bed-
ford, on the route commonly called the Old Pennsylvania road.

'' The following day at the same hour the Xew Jersey Line
will move under the command of his Excellency Governor
Howell, who will be pleased to pursue from Bedford such routes
as ho may find convenient.

" On the subsequent day at the same hour the residue of the
Pennsylvania Line now on this ground will march under the
commanil of Brig.-Geu. Chambers, taking the route heretofore
mentioned, and making the same stages as shall have been
made by the leading division. Maj.-Gen. Frclinghuysen, with
the Elite Corps of the right column, will follow the next day
and pursue the same route.

"Brig.-Gen. Smith, with the M.aryland Line, will move to
Uniontown, agreeably to orders heretofore communicated to
liim, and from thence to proceed on Braddock's road to Fort
Cumberland, where he will adopt the most convenient measures
iii his power for the return of his troops to their respective

"Brig.-Gen. Matthews will move on Wednesday next to
Morgan Town, from thenco to Winchester by way of Frank-
fort. From Winchester the troops will be marched to their re-
spective brigades under the commanding officers from each

'• .\s soon as the public service will permit afterwards, the
Elite Corps of the left culunm, under Gen. Darke, will follow
on the route prescribed for I!:ig. Matthews, and be disbanded
as they reach their respective brigades.

"... The corps destined for the winter defense will move
without delay to BenlU-y's Farm, on the west side of the Monon-
gahela, near Perry's Ferry, where they will receive orders from
Maj.-Gen. Morgan.



" The Virginia Cavalry will take the route by Morgan Town,
from thence to Winchester by Roraney's ; the commandant will
receive particular instructions as to their time and manner of



ill due) at Bed-
ad the Virginia



for til
Fayct
office
what


vnof Wasl.iri

if llrT t)


'ton for


more
eut.y


partici.i.ir int.
is made.


riuatiLin


■•N


//i.<pec(or of th
jv. 10, 1704."


c lieienu


On the '.;7lh of November
rectcd tonotiryall persons i
Bcdfuril aj;ainst whom suits
United States for ueslectiiis



inspector announced that he was*'di-
16 counties of AUeghenj', Fayette, and



"The right column will receive their
fjrd, the Maryland Line at Fort Cumber
Line at Winchester. . , ,"

The army moved on its return in accordance with
these orders. The right column marched from Pitts-
burgh, by way of Greensburg, Ligonier, and Stony
Creek, to Bedford, and thence by way of Fort Lyt-
tleton, Strasburg, and Shippensburg to Carlisle. The
troops of the left column returned by difterent routes,
the Virginians marching up the Monongahela Valley
into their own State, and passing on by way of Mor-
gantown to Winchester; and the Maryland brigade
starting from its camp at Pierce's Ferry, thence mov-
ing southeastwardly through Fayette County and its
county town, to the Great Crossings of the Youghio-
gheny, and from there to Fort Cumberland by the
same route over which it had advanced.

The corps left, under command of Gen. Morgan, to
remain in this region through the winter for the pres-
ervation of order, and to assist, if nece.ssary, in the
execution of the laws, was placed in camp at Bentley's,
on the southwest side of the Monongahela. This force
was composed in part of troops who had come from
the East under Gen. Lee, and partly of'men enlisted
in the western counties, as advised in the proclamation
of the commander-in-chief of November 8th, and
authorized to the number of two thousand five hun-
dred men by an act of Assembly of the 29th of the
same month. Of those who were thus enlisted, Find-
ley, in his " History of the Insurrection," ' says that
many of them were reported to' have been among the
most troublesome of the insurgents ; that the people
in the neighborhood complained " that many of them,
for some time at first, demanded free quarters and
such things as they stood in need of without pay, and
that some of the oflicers committed indictable oflenses ;
but when the persons against whom the offenses were
committed commenced prosecutions they settled the
disputes amicably and behaved well for the future.
And when the people took courage to refuse to sub-
mit to impositions, the soldiers ceased to demand free
quarters, or to be otherwise troublesome." But the
tenor of the orders issued by Gen. Morgan'' to the



" General Orderi.
" Camp, Bf.xtlev's F.mim,
'The General anticipates the happiest issue that the n






forward immediately to 1



and friends of good order and
verument in the four western counties of Pennsylvania. The will-
pness with which the citizens have enrolled iheniselves to co-operate
th the army in the restoration of obedience to the laws are pleasing
ideuces that the unhappy delusion which lately pervaded this country,
I under the auspices of the friends to anarchy, are at an end.

"The General hopes that the army now hutting for winter-quarters

will consider theni..*elves as in the liosom of their friends, & that they

' will vie with each other in promoting the love and esteem of their fel-



THE WHISKEY INSURRECTION.



170



troops under his command, and the well-known char-
acter of that general in the matter of the enforcement
of discipline, render it probable that the above state-
ments of Mr. Findley, like many others made by him
in disparagement of the army and its officers, ought
to be received with some degree of incredulity.

Gen. Morgan's forces continued in their canton-
ments at Bentley's Farm (with small detachments at
Pittsburgh and Washington) until the followingspring,
when, order being fully restored and established, the
last of the troops marched eastward across the Alle-
ghenies, and the western counties were left in full pos-
session and exercise of their former rights and powers.

Gen. Lee remained in the West for a considerable
time after the departure of the main body of the army,
and on the 29th of November, in pursuance of author-
ity delegated to him by the President, he issued a
"proclamation of pardon" as follows :

"By Hexry Lee, Governor of the Commonwealth
of Virginia, Major-General therein, and Commander-
in-Chief of the Militia Army in the Service of the
United States.

"a pkoclamatiox.
'' By virtue of the powers and authority in me vested
by the President of the United States, and in obedi-
ence to his benign intentions, therewith communi-
cated, I do by this, my proclamation, declare and
make known to all concerned that a full, free, and
entire pardon (e.xcepting and providing as hereafter
mentioned) is hereby granted to all persons residing
within the counties of Washington, Allegheny, West-
moreland, and Fayette, in the Slate of Pennsylvania,
and in the county of Ohio, in the State of Virginia,
guilty of treason or misprision of treason against the
United States, or otherwise directly or indirectly en-
gaged in the wicked and unhappy tumults and dis-
turbances lately existing in those counties, excepting
nevertheless from the benefit and effect of this pardon
all persons charged with the commission of offenses
against the United States, and now actually in cus-
tody or held by recognizance to appear and answer
for all such offenses at any judicial court or courts,
excepting also all persons avoiding fair trial by aban-
donment of their homes, and excepting, moreover, the
following persons, the atrocity of whose conduct ren-
ders it proper to mark them by name, for the purpose
of subjecting them with all possible certainty to the
regular course of judicial proceedings, and whom all
, civil and military, are required to endeavor to



low-citizens, nnd pointedly avoid every species of spoliation on the
property of the inhabitants.

"The officers commanding fatigue parties are partirularly directed
not to sutfer tlie sngar or otlier trees producing fruit or conitbrt to tlie
farmer to be cut down for building, or any other purpose wliatever.
Tlie burning of fencing, where there is sucli an abundance of fuel so
e.asily procured, is strictly forbid, and a violence offered to tlie person or
depredation on the property of any individual by tlie soldiery will be
punished in the most exemplary and summ.Try manner.

"Daxiel Mobga.v."



apprehend and bring tojustice, to wit : [Here follows
the list of excepted persons, given below.]

" Provided, — That no person who shall hereafter
wilfully obstruct the execution of any of the laws of
the United States, or be in anywise aiding or abetting
therein, shall be entitled to any benefit or advantage
of the pardon hereinbefore granted ; and provided,
also, that nothing herein contained shall extend or
be construed to extend to the remission or mitigation
of any forfeiture of any penalty incurred by reason
of infractions of, or obstructions to, the laws of the
United States for collecting a revenue upon distilled
spirits and stills.

" Given under my hand, at Head Quarters in Eliz-
abeth Town, this twenty-ninth day of November,
1794. Hexey Lee.

"By order of the commander-in-chief.
"G. K. Taylor, Ald-de-Camp."
The names of the persons excepted by the terms of
this proclamation were

Benjamin Parkinson, George Parker,

Arthur Gardner, William Hanna,

John Holcroft, Edward Magner, Jr.,

Daniel Hamilton, Thomas Hughes,

Thomas Lapsley, David Lock,

AVilliam Miller, Ebenezer Gallagher,

Edward Cook, Peter Lyle,

Edward Wright, J<ihn Shields,

Richard Holcroft, William Hay,

David Bradford, William Mcllhenny,

John Mitchell, Thomas Patton,

Alexander Fulton, Stephenson Jack,

Thomas Spiers, Patrick Jack, and



Online LibraryFranklin EllisHistory of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men → online text (page 40 of 193)