Franklin Ellis.

History of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men online

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Cummins, James.
j Summions, or Timmons, Peter.
' Fulton, Thomas.

Smith, Nicholas.

Fvi.ldle, ilichael.

Stewart, Daniel.

KLnipson, John, discharged Aug. 3, 1813.

Thonias, Benjamin, discharged Aug. 14, 1813.

Dann, John.

Campble, Stephen, discharged Aug. 19, 1813.
j McLaughlin, James.

Coffman, Jacob.
I McConnol, William, discharged July 7, 1813.
; Helmick, John.

Bice, Thomas.

Booker, Henry.

Woodruff', Cornelius.

McCormack, Moses.

Morgan, James.

Black, John.
' Shields, Roger.

Wilkins, Thomas.

Gibney, David.

Roach, Thomas.
I Badger, Jeremiah.

Johnston, Elijah, discharged June 22, 1813.

Farquer, Chads.

Wood, Joseph.

Singleton, Jacob.

White, David, discharged July 18, 1813.

Swink, Jacob, discharged July 18, 1813.

Goodwin, Joseph.

Davis, James.

Seals, Isaac.

Morce, Alven.

Bunton, Edmund.

Robinson, James.



FAYETTE COUNTr IN THE WAR OF 1812-15 AiSID MEXICAN WAR.



187



Thompson, William.

McClean, William, appointed forage-master May 12,

1S13.
Gray, John.
Price, Jacob.

Capt. William CRAici's Company.

Pay-roll of a company of infimtry, commanded by
Cai)t. William Craig, in the regiment of Penn-
sylvania militia commanded by Col. Rees Hill, in
the service of the United States, commencing on
the 23d day of April, until Nov. 8, 1813, both
days inclusive.

Harvey, Isaac, May 5, 1813; died Aug. C, 1S13.

White, James.

Trimble, Alexander.

Robinson, Hugh, promoted to sergeant July 8, 1813.

Haggerman, Samuel, discharged July 8, 1813, invalid.

Robinson, James.

Cassaday, William.

Fcnil, Thomas.

Keister, Michael.

Mitchel, Jesse.

Gray, Israel.

McLaughlin, Michael.

Irwin, Thomas.

Johnston, Uriah.

McVey, Patrick.

Grove, Jacob.

Carney, George.

Weaver, Daniel.

Brown, Peter.

McClean, Thomas.

Brown, George, sick, and discharged by doctor. Aug.
13, 1813.

Sherbondy, George.

Mahan, Robert.

Berry, John.

Irwin, William, discharged June 13, 1813, casualty;

Carson, James.

Kirkpatrick, Henry.

Wade, George.

McGuire, Daniel.

Russell, John, discharged Aug. 17, 1813, sickness.

Kanaan, Jonathan, discharged Sept. 20, 1813, to take
care of a sick man.

Walker, John.

McCormick, James.

Aron, Conrad. *

Clark, James.

Black, James.

Serenna, Joseph.

Murphy, James, discharged Aug. 17, 1813, on account
of sickness.

McHenry, William.

McCormick, John.

Speese, George, discharged Aug. 18, 1813, over age.

Dougal, Henry.

McClean, Robert.



Shaffer, George, discharged Aug. 10, 1813, on account

of sickness.
Young, John, discharged Aug. 17, 1813 ; cut in the

toot.
Geiger, Benjamin.
McClean, John.

McKcever, Matthew, discharged Aug. 19, 1813.
Cochran, William.
Mnri)hy, Jeremiah.

Wadle, James, discharged Aug. 10, 1813.
McKee, John.
Williard, Frederick.
Gray, John.
Amilong, Daniel.
Berlin, John.
Wilty, Philip.
Fox, Jacob.
Gibson, Gedion.
Dixon, Samuel.
G.aut, William.
DiUinger, George.
Campbell, Thomas.
Holder, James.
Taylor, John.
Cimniel, John.
Hunter, Thomas.
McQuade, James.
Ca.ssidy, William, Jr.
Morrow, James.
Cole, David.
Leightly, George.
Boyd, John, discharged Aug. 23, 1813.

Capt. Isaac Lisn'.s Company.

Pay-roll of Capt. Isaac Linn's company, belonging
to a regiment of Pennsylvania militia com-
manded by Cul. Rees Hill, cornmeucing 18th
Mav, 1813,' and endin- the oil. November.



Capt



Oldshuc, John.
Meriman, John.
Kendall, Jeremiah.



Lowns, John.



Enshja.



Scrijeants.
Shryock, Daniel, appointed wagon-master Aug. 19,

"l813.
Andrews, Thomas, discharged October 24th.
Allen, Jnni.tlian, discliarired Octobrr 24th.
Lewis, Jolni, clischar-ed t)ri,,],rr 24tli.
Reed,' John, discliargcd Nuveiiil-er .Ith.



Countj-, In 1881, ngcj i



ISS



HISTORY OF FAYETTE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA.



Cnrporah.
Davis, Joseph, discharged October 26th.
Greenlee, Jacob, discharged October 24th.



Shoultz, George, discharged October 24th.

Privates.
Anderson, William, discharged November 5th.
Crooks, William, discharged October 24th.
Fagan, John, discharged Xovember 5th.
Martin, George, discharged October 24th.
Helmick. Jo^vnh, discb.'irged October 24th.
Lavlaiitlrr. Jan,.'-, ,i:>rl,:,i-.'d Octobrr 24th.
Caiifiuaii, Abralunii, disrliai-cd Xovcmber 5th.
Greenland, John, discharged October 24th.
Hilands, John, discharged July 9th.
Latta, Ephraim, discharged November 5th.
Eobbison, Robert, discharged October 26th.
Currant, Joel, discharged October 24th.
Updegralf, Jacob, discharged August 21st.
Davis, William, di^diar-rd Aii-u-t 22d.
Law, Thomas. .K-rliaiLird ilrtul.ri- 24th.
Laugliliii, Andivw, di,-.| Ortol,,.,' isth.
Mendiii-all, .lolin, ,li-.rl,ai-rd ( irt,,b,T 24th.
Bell, SaiNih-1, .li>rhai-r.| Ortobn- 24tb.
Price, .lames .li-rl,arged Octoli.T 24th.
Hartman, Frederick, discharged July 26th.
Briant, James, discharged November 5th.
Lvnch, William, died July lltli.
Beeler, J..I111, di-^rliai-rd N'nveiiilM.r 5th.
Cumberland, Tli..mas. ibs.-liar-rd October 24th.
Allouays, Josrpli, enli-trd June 2yd.
Eljbcrt, Levi, dis.hai-v.l Xovendjer 5tli.
Stewart, Bnbirt, inli-t.d .lune 27th.
Tiiomiison, Thomas, ,lis, l.ar-ed October 24th.
Tegret, Hugh, diseliaivrd 1 iriol,,.,- L'l'.ib.
Gase, John I!., dischai-ed Xov, inber 5tb.
Brown, Samuel, discluu-ed Xovembrr 5tli.
Brooks, Jauu'S, discharged N,.vmi,b,.i' 5ili.
Kuvemlale, Isaac, .lischarged November 5|h.
B.-ebly, Marliu, diM-bai-vd October 2iith.
Chain, .Fames, (bs liargr.i Xovember 5th.
River, .lobn, dird 0,to!, r l.-<lb.
Reed, Charlrs, di-rliai-rd Xovend.er 5th.
Reed, Thnina-. di-rharj.M ,lulv 1-t.
Malaby, .lam.-, .liMhar ■.■.! (),-i,,l„.r 24lh.
jMcGw'iggen. A l.'xaii.l.r, .b-.-liarj.^.l o.-tober 24th.
J.ihnstoli, Xirb..la~, .li-.liai-..l I II. lb, a- 24th.
Drinen, Davi.l, .li^.-har-.-l \..veii)brr 5tli.
Bad-er, (!ib-, .liM-l,aruv.i N..v,aNb,-r 5th.
lianer, lianiel. eiibsl,..! .lime 27tli.
Fon'.li.a., William, ,.|ili>te.I June 13th.
Vicars, Ab,.l, ,;ili>to.l June IMtli.
Rupely, J.ibn. .m b.,ar.l fleet, August IHh.
Craig, William. .li>cliarL'e.l N..vcmber 5th.
JIcGinnis, Dani.l, .lis.liai-.d November 5th.
Chrk, Johu,diM-bar.-..l N..v..inb..r5;h.
Drenen, .John, di-cbarg.d November 5lh.



Davis, John, discharged October 24th.
Miller, Benjamin, enlisted June 18th.
Loey, Stephen, discharged November 5th.
Croxton, Abra™, discharged October 24th.
King, Robert, enlisted June 29th.
Litman, John, discharged October 24th.
Cole, Daniel, discharged August 28th.
McFarland, Joseph, discharged October 24th.
Dunnoni, William, discharged October 24th.
Dickerson, James, discharged October 24th.
Reel, Amos.

Beeson, John, discharged November 5th.
Badger, Weyman, discharged November 5th.
Evy, Benjamin, discharged August 22d.
McClelland, William, enlisted June 1st.
Taylor, Jesse, discharged November 5th.

I certify, on honor, the above pay-roll to be a true
statement of the company under my command up to
the time of discharge.

Isaac Linn, Captain.

Rees Hill, Colonel Commandlnrj.

Capt. Jajies Piper's Company.
Muster-roll of Capt. Piper's company of volunteers,
belonging to Fifth Detachment, Pennsylvania
Militia, now in the service of the United States,
at Buft'alo, State of New York.



Piper, James.
W^oodburn, James.
Huston, Andrew.



Captain.

Licutcnnnt.

Ensign.

Sergeants.



Weakley, William L.
Weakley, James.
Smith, James,
James, Henry.

Corporals.
Kable, Daniel.
McCulloeh, William, Sr.
McCulloch, William, Jr.

Priratcs.

Morrison, Ezra. AVilliamson, D.rvid.

Orr, Samuel. McWilliams, John.

Stitt, James. Kelly, John.

.Mclutirc, James. Patterson, Hugh.

Cdliijs, Valeirtinc. Walker, John.

Turner. Joseph. Marlin, Thomas.

Ctrsiicr, Jacob. Thompson, William.

Spaiigler, Peter. Sowers, Samuel.

McGaw, Thomas. Ingram, Samuel.

McGlaughlin, Samuel. Wacob, William.

Jones, William, deceased McGlaughlin, Robert.

Aug. 5, 1814. Donley, Michael.

Bull, John. Harper, Samuel.

Thomas, Enoch. Carothcr.s, Andrew.



FAYETTE COUiNTY IN THE WAR OF 1812-15 AND MEXICAN WAR.



Brown, Alexander.
Buclianan, Robert.
Trago, Joseph.
McKinney, John.
Brown, William.
Graham, James.
Watts, James.
Ramsay, James.
Kinkaid, William.
Jones, Joshua.
Huston, John.
Miller, Robert.



Woodburn, Robert.
Davidson, Andrew.
Gamble, Benjamin.
Lindsay, William.
01ivor,"j<)hn.
B,.ner, John.
TMillcr, Jacob.
Brown, William, Jr.
Burk, William.
Felker, William.
-Garrad, John.



I do certify that the above is a correct muster-roll
of my company. Given under my hand this 23d day
of August, A.D. 1814.

J.ViMES Piper, Captain.

James Fenton, Colonel.

THE MEXICAN WAR.

The county of Fayette furnished to the United
States service in the Mexican war one full company
of volunteers, raised and commanded by Capt. (after-
wards colonel) William B. Roberts, and a large num-
ber of men who enlisted in the company of Capt. P.
N. Guthrie, both of which commands performed good
service on several of the battle-fiekls of that war.

The company first mentioned was formed and or-
ganized in the fall of 1840, and named the " Fayette
County Volunteers." It left the county on the 2d of
January, 1847, for Pittsburgh, where it was mustered
into service on the 4th of the same month, and des-
ignated as Company " H" of the Second Regiment of
Pennsylvania Volunteers. The first commander of
the company was, as has been stated, Capt. Roberts,
with William Quail as first lieutenant; but Capt.
Roberts was soon after promoted to the colonelcy of
the regiment, and Lieut. Quail became captain of
" H" Company. The roll of the company' as mus-
tered is given below, viz. :
Captain, William B. Roberts.
First Lieutenant, William Quail.
Second Lieutenant, John Sturgeon.
Second Lieutenant, Stewart Speer.
First Sergeant, David Forrey.
Second Sergeant, Absalom Guiler.
Third Sergeant, Edmund Rine.
Fourth Sergeant, Richard Irwin.
First Corporal, Henry N. Stillwagen.
Second Corporal, Peter A. Johns.
Third Corporal, John Crawford.
Fourth Corporal, James P. Downer.
Drummer, Daniel Jarrett.
Fifer, Caleb Crossland.



' Copied from tlio oiiginal roll of tlie company, no
illiam Gniler, son of Absalom Gniler, who was a n
;e Cunnty VoUuitecrs, anJ scrvt-J with tlie conipaii



Matthew Allen.
Ephraim Abercrombie.
Zephaniah E. Barnes.
John Bishop.
Noah Bird.
Alexander Baine.
William C. Bayes.
Edmund Beeson.
David Bedker.
Henry Bradford.
Henry Bryan.
Cyrus L. Conner.
Harvey Chipps.
Samuel Coinworthy.
Hiram Downer.
George Ducket.
John Davis (1).
John Davis.
Henry Fowg.
Benjamin F. Frey.
William Freeman.
John W. B. Fetter.
Andrew Ferguson.
Wilson Fee.
Beeson Gardner.
John H. Gibson.
James Gordon.
Eli M. Gregg.
John Gillis.
Elijah Gadd.
Daniel Hardesty.
James Hutchinson.
Henderson Harvey.
John Hutchinson (1).
Samuel Hyde.
Daniel Hazard.
Alexander Hood.
Hezekiah Inks.
Oliver E. Jones.
Jackson Kilpatrick.



John P. Kilpatrick.
John King.
Samuel Morgan.
William Moore.
John Mitz.
Thomas McBride.
John Mustard.
Cornelius McMicliael.
William Mendenhall.
Thomas Motes.
William F. Nicholson.
Albert G. Nicholson.
Jacob Orwin.
Samuel Page.
John Pollock.
Andrew Pritchard.
Joseph Roody.
Henry Rist.
William Shaw.
Jesse Smith.
Vincent Seals.
Evans Shriver.
Martin S. Stanly.
Benjamin Stevens.
John Sutton.
Solomon Shaw.
David Silvey.
John W. Skiles.
John Stillwell.
David R. Shaw.
James Shaw.
James Turner (1).
William Turner.
Isaac Woolverton.
James F. Ward.
Josiah W. Winders.
Joseph Widdoes.
Hugh Walker.
Charles Yeanian.
William West.



The Second Regiment, of which the Fayette Volun-
teers formed a part, proceeded by way of New Orleans
to Mexico, and landed at Lobos Island, near Vera
Cruz, which was invested by the American forces and
fleet. The regiment entered the city after its sur-
render, and moved thence to the interior by way of
Puebla and Perote, being assigned to Quitman's
division. During its term of service it took part in
the engagements at Tobasco, Cerro Gordo, Contreras,
Cherubusco, San Pascual, and at the storming of the
Belen Gate,^ and it was the first regiment to enter



1 W. Winders,
w attt-Mded in
il,;,tliisliody
inc.mise. The



HISTORY OF FAYETTE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA.



within the walls of the capital. Afterwards it was
moved to San Angel.

Col. Koberts died of disease in the city of Mexico,
on the 3d of October, 1S47, and the command of
the regiment was assumed by Lieut.-Col. John W.
Geary, afterwards Governor of Pennsylvania. The
body of the dead colonel was embalmed, and with
that of Lieut. John Sturgeon, of the Fayette County
company, was sent back to Uniontown, where tlie
remains were received with every demonstration of
sorrow and respect. The funeral procession was es-
corted by the " Union Volunteers" and the " Fayette
Cavalry," ('apt. . lames Gilniore. The committee of
arraiii;iiiiiiils rh.iM'ii at a jiublic meeting held for
that purp...,;. at Uiiidntinvn on the Sth of December)
was composed of Gen. H. W. Beeson (chairman),
John Irons, John M. Austin, Dr. J. Fatrick, Arm-
strong Hadden, E. P. Oli-phant, Dr. Smith Fuller,
Daniel Kaine, and William Wells. The gentlemen
forming the committee of escort were Everhart Bierer
(chairinanl. Col. Robert Patterson, Amzi Fuller,
Robert S. Ibiidrrsuii, M. W. Irwin, William T. Rob-
erts, Jnlm llii-tnii, llu-!i (iraliam, John L. Dawson,
AVilliaiii C. Stevens, W. R. Turner, S. D. Oliphant,
John D. Scott, Dr. R. M. Walker, Henry Barkman,
William P.ailey, D. IT. Phillips, E. B. Dawson, AVil-
liam Redick, and John Bierer. The remains of Col.
Roberts were interrc(l in tlie Methodist graveyard in
the borough <if Tniontuwii, and a neat marble mon-
ument has since lieen erected over his grave.

The "Fayette County Volunteers" having served
with the Second Reuinient in Mexico until the close
of the war, letuni.d witli that cuHimaud, and on the
13th of .Inly, !'>!<, arrived at riii'^ntown. nd- ere they
received an enthusiastic welconu- from the people of
the town and surrounding cfiuntrv.



The company of Cap
were many men from F;
into the servic.' at Pitt>b
assigned to duly in the V

in most of the riii;-a;j:ei

letter wrillrii l.y ('a|.t.(;
mentioning Ihr iiallanti-y
of Molino del Key ami
given :

"My men all behaved
the actions of the 18tli
the Sth of September, al-
the Lancers on the loth,
September, and I am very
on the Sth of September
hardest and most severi
been fought in tliis rou
distinguished himsrlf v.a
ism ; he had five as brave
— Corporals William M.



t. P.



N. Guthrie, in which
■ County, was mustered
in -May, ]>;4;, and was
ith Regiment of Penn-
ughfunder Gen. Scott

that occurred on the
e Jlexi.'an eajntal. A
. at theritv o|-:\I,.Ni,.o,



in very gallant style through
and 20(h of August and on
.. in ^everal >kir,nishes with
nth, l:^th, i::tii,and 14th of
proud of them. The action
at Molino del Rey was the
•ly contested battle that has
ntry. Sergeant Lenox Rea
y much by his acts of hero-
Smith, John M. Crammer,



Thomas Neil, and Privates Asbury Harvey [of Union-
town] and A. Cook. He penetrated the fort, and fol-
lowed the enemy right up to one of their batteries,
situated immediately under the guns of Chapultepec,
and in the very midst of the Mexican army took pris-
oners three officers and fifty-three men, bringing them
back along the very front of the Mexican line, de-
ceiving them by his boldness into the belief that the
situation of affairs was fice i-ersa. He reported him-
self and prisoners safely to a lieutenant of the Fifth
Infantry, and in a few minutes afterwards had his leg
completely torn to atoms by a shell. He is now doing
well, and will in all probability be sent home by the
first train. The other men who were wounded are all
doing well."

No roll of the members of this company has been
found, nor any further particulars ascertained in
reference to their engagements, the duration of their
term of service, or their return to Pennsvlvania.



CHAPTER XVII.

W.\R OF THE KEDELLIOX— FAYETTE'S FIRST COM-
I'.ANIES— EIGHTH AXD ELEVENTH RESERVES.

Ix the great conflict of 1861-65, known as the war
of the Rebellion, the people of Fayette County ex-
hibited the greatest patriotism and promptness in fur-
nishing and forwarding men for service in the Union
armies. On receipt of the proclamation of the Presi-
dent of the United States announcing the opening of
war by the a.ssault and capture of Fort Sumter, and
calling for seventy-five thousand men to suppress the
Rebellion, preparations were at once commenced to
form companies to enter the service, and so ready and
enthusi.astic was the response that on the 21st of April,
1861, only six days from the date of the President's
call, the first company,' then known as the " Fayette
Guards," ninety-eight strong, including oflScers, left
Uniontown for Pittsburgh, where they were soon after
mustered into the service for three months, — a term
which at that time was considered ample for the

The commissioned and non-commissioned officers
of the "Fayette Guards" were Capt. S. Duncan Oli-
phant, First Lieut. Jesse B. Gardner, Second Lieut.
J. B. Ramsey, Third Lieut. Henry W. Patterson;
Sergeants : First, John Bierer ; Second, Henry C.
Dawson; Third, James H. Springer; Fourth, Peter

'It is stntcd. Ill' 11 i,:' ;i- ^' ' i li soeDiB entirely rcliiiLIe, that llio
first man wlio lift 1 ■ , i n.ter the scTvice of the govern-

ment as a soldier in i .1 .- ' ' was Thom,i3 Porter, now of Con-



nellsviUe.
ingtheissu


On


men, he we


.ttu


mencing to


be


became Compa


mauil.a lij-


Cul.



WAR OF THE EEBELLION.



191



Heck ; Corporals : First, B. L. Hunt ; Second, O. P,
Wells; Tliinl, J. 0. Stewart; Fourth, Joseph White,
The company was afterwards reorganized, and mus-
tered in for three years as "G" company of the j
Eighth Reserve Regiment, as will be noticed in
another part of this chapter.

When the President's call was made there were in
existence in Fayette County several militia organiza-
tions, armed and equipped, viz.: the Union Volun- 1
teers, Dunlap's Creek Cavalry, Georges Creek Cav-
alry, Springfield Blues, Youghiogheny Blues, and
Falls City Guards. A meeting of the officers of these
companies was held at the court-house in Uniontown,
Avhere it was voted unanimously to tender their ser- j
vices to the Governor. This was done, but the offer
was declined, for the reason that the quota of the
State had already been filled.

During the six or seven weeks next following the
President's call a company of cavalry was raised by
Capt. William A. West, of this county, a veteran of
the Mexican war. Of this company sixty-seven were
Fayette County men, and the remainder were raised
principally in Morgantown and Clarksburg, W. Va.
As the Pennsylvania quota was filled, the company
could not secure acceptance in this State, and was [
therefore joined to the First Cavalry Regiment of ,
West Virginia, Col. Sansel, afterwards commanded
by Col. Richmond. The officers of this company
were Capt. West, First Lieut. H. N. Mackey, Second
Lieut. Isaac Brownfield, Ord. Sergt. Dennis Delaney.

In May and June a company of infimtry was re-
cruited in Fayette County, principally in Wharton,
Henry Clay, and Stewart townships, and was for the
same reason as mentioned above, incorporated with
the Third Regiment of West Virginia. The officers
of this company were Capt. C. E. Swearingen, First
Lieut. H. C. Hagan, Second Lieut. C. B. Hadden.
On the organization of the regiment at Clarksburg,
W. Va., July 4, 1861, Capt. Swearingen was elected
major, and Lieut. Hagan promoted to the captaincy,

Gibson, of West Virginia, being elected first

lieutenant. This company served creditably during
the war, but no roll of its members has been obtained.

Fayette County furnished during the war large
numbers of troops for the armies of the United States.
They served in various commands, but were most nu-
merous in the Eighth and Eleventh Reserves, the
Eighty-fifth, One Hundred and Sixteenth, and One
Hundred and Forty-second Infantry Regiments, the
Fourteenth and Sixteenth Cavalry, and the Second
Heavy Artillery of Pennsylvania. Of the movements
and services of these regiments separate historical
sketches will be given, with lists of their Fayette
County members.

Besides the soldiers serving in the organizations
above mentioned, there was also raised principally
in Fayette County a company of men who joined
the Sixth Artillery (Two Hundred and Twelfth Penn-
sylvania Regiment). Of this company the captain



was Joseph Keeper, and the first lieutenant Thomas
M. Fee, of Connellsville, at which place thirty-four
men of the company were enlisted.

The fact that Pennsylvania, by reason of her extended
southern frontier borderingon Mason and Dixon's line,
was peculiarly exposed to the danger of invasion by
tlie forces of the Confederacy was at once recognized
by Governor Curtin, who on the 20tli of April, just
one week after the fall of Fort Sumter, called an
extra session of the Legislature, which convened on
the 30th. In his message to that body he said, " To
furnish ready support to those who have gone out
and to protect our borders we should have a well-
regulated military force. I therefore recommend the
immediate organization, disciplining, and arming of
at least filtcen regiments of cavalry and infantry, ex-
elusive of those called into the service of the United
States. As we have already ample warning of the ne-
cessity of being prepared for any sudden exigency that
may arise, I cannot too much impress this upon you.''

In pursuance of this recommendation of the Gov-
ernor a bill was introduced on the 2d of May, and
became a law on the 15th, having among its pro-
visions one authorizing and directing the conimander-
in-cliief to raise and organize a military force, to be
called the " Reserve Volunteer Corps of the Com-
monwealth," to be composed of thirteen regiments
of infantry, one of cavalry, and one of light artillery,
to be enlisted in the service of the State for the term
of three years, or during the continuance of the war
unless sooner discharged, and to be liable to be called
into service at the discretion of the commander-in-
chief for the purpose of suppressing insurrection or
repelling invasion, and, further, to be liable to be
mustered into the service of the United States under
requisition made by the President on the State of Penn-
sylvania. The regiments and companies composing
the cor|js si] aiithniizeil were entitled to elect, and the
(iovriiiiir \v:i> iliie.hMl to commission, officers similar
in rank ami equal in number to those allowed to
troops in the United States army.

The corps formed under the provisions of this act
was quickly and easily recruited, for the enthusiasm
and desire to enlist in its ranks was general in every
part of the State> The camps of instruction were four
in number,— one at Easton, one at West Chester, one
at Pittsburgh, and one at Harrisburg. The exigency
foreseen by Governor Curtin having arisen, orders
were received (July 19th) from the Secretary of War
directing all the regiments, excepting the Fifth and
Thirteenth,' of the Reserves to be assembled at Har-
risburg, and there, immediately after the disastrous
battle of Bull Run, they were mustered into the
United States service. From Harrisburg, "moving
rapidly to the points designated by the commander of

1 Three two regiments were already in the field in tbe vicinity of



102



HISTORY OF FAYETTE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA.



the national army, the several regiments remained on
duty until all danger from a sudden incursion of the
enemy was passed," when all of them were rendez-
voused at Tenallytown, Md., in the immediate vi-
cinity of the District of Columbia. There they were
formed into three brigades, composing one division,
under command of Maj.-Gen. George A. McCall. This
was the far-famed division of the Pennsylvania Re-
serves, which, after tlie requisite tour of drill and
discipline at Teiiullytnwn, lucived into Virginia with
the foriu^ nf ( Mil. .Mr( 'lillaii, and afterwards won im-
perishalilr rciiuwn (Ui nearly all the principal battle-
fields of the Army of the Potomac.

EICniTlI ItESERVE REGIMENT.

The Eighth Reserve, or Thirty-seventh Regiment
of Pennsylvania (enlisted for three years' service),
was raised in the counties of Fayette, Washington,
Allegheny, Greene, Armstrong, Butler, and Clarion,
all or nearly all of which had been raised for the
three months' service, but had failed to secure accept-
ance by the government for that term. Two of its



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