Franklin Ellis.

History of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men online

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John 11. Allison, must, in Jan. 30, 1864.












Michael Howton,


must, in Feb. 27, 1864.


Robert Atchison, must, in Nov. 13, 1802.












James M. Harrison, must, in March 16, 1804.


Harvey 0. Boyd, must, in Feb. 29, 1804.












David Heisner, ra


.St. in Jan. 15, 1864.


Eli Black, must, in Feb. 20, 1864.












George Hays, mu


t. iu Nov. 23, 1862.


Corby Barrackman, must, iu March 24, 1804.












William Hankfoi


must, in Nov, 23, 1802.


George W. Brooks, must, in March 9, 1864.












Ethelbertn IT! ).


, II'. .-1 ii, \..x .•■■., ISC2.


John W. Beatty, must, in April 7, 1864.












Aaron B II '




John C, Brown, must, in Nov. 23, 1802.












Thomas 11 Ml,


II - 1 1 ; -. 1,


John Butler, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.












William 11m|,,,,,.


i.i-i 11, \,.., ■.,; l-.i"


Caldwell G. Byers, must, iu Nov. 23,1862.












Richard Hill, iini


t, in Sej.t. l:;, isct.


Milton Barmore, must, in Nov. 23, 1802.












Jacob Hull, must.


in March 9, 1864.


Samuel Blis.s, must in Nov. 23, 1862.












James C. Huhm,


lUst. in Nov. 23, 1862.


John Bell, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.












John Harvey, mu


t. in April 13, 1864.


A. D. Brownfleld, must, in Nov.2.i, 1862.












Levi Hays, must.


n Nov. 2:!, 1302.


James W.Buuner,mU8t. in Sept 12, 1864.












Philip G.Hughes


must in March 12, 1804.


John A. Brown, must, in March 10, 1864.












William Hilea, m


St. inSept. l,l,sr,4.


Isaac Bouch, must, in Nov. 23, 1802.












.lolin M llarlnia


n,.,-t i., ^..,.t ._■, isr,4.


Luther Bromfleld, must, in Sept. 14, 1864.
















John C. Brown, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.












K.ilirll 11 II ,. ,


■ .1 ■ . \ . , ; -..1.


George W. Bowers, must, in Nov. 23, 1S02.












Willialn li » ih, (.


- •, iL. . . 1 ■.;!


Thomas H. Bower, must, in March 30, 1864.














imi- ■ 1 . ' ; , I-. t.


Henry C. Blauey, must, in March 9, 1864.












James S. Jack, n,


-t 1.. i ■ -■ i


Joseph Biglow, must, in Nov. 2.J, 1862.












Thomas Johnstoi




Sanmel Baker, must, iu Got. 6, 1804.












William J. Janes


1IIII-1 II, \..i 'J ;, is.vj.


William C. Blaney, must, in March <J, 1864.












James W.I ,


."-' |. .. 1 j:l, 1H04.


William F. Baulton, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.












William .1 . ,


1 '. -s, 1864.


George Bowman, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.












Adrian .1 i, •


1 N..V 23,1862.


Daniel Crise, must, iu Dec. 14, 1863.












Daniel Ii K. ii-l.


1.1 ,t III K.-l,, 211, 1804.


Edward Camp, must, in Feb. 1, 1S04.












Josiah Kbka.len,


miisl. in Feb. 211, 1864.



HISTORY OF FAYETTE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA.



Joseph KenniBon, must, in Feb. 20, 18C4.
Robert L. Keener, must, in Nov. 2.!, 18C2.
Henry C. Keys, ninst. in March 28, 1804.
William Lago, must, in Jan. 4, 1864.
James Lockwood, must, in March 29, 1864.
John H. Lynch, must, in Nov. 23, 1802.
Charles Lnciwig, must, in Sept. 8, 1804.
Noah Lape, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
James W. D. Lowe, must, in Feb. 26, 1864.
Andrew P. Loughry, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
Audrew J. Malarky, must, in Feb. 3, 1804.
James W. Malone, must, in Feb. 8, 1804.
Abraham B. Maurt, must, in Nov. 23, 1802.



1 Nov,



1862



Alpheus Map!
Street F. Marsteller, must, in Aug. 27, 1864.
Willi;im Mallaby, must, in Sept. 14, 1864.
Hnrv.-y Monteitli, must, in Sept. 14, 1864.
Elijali Myers, must, in March 10, 1864.
Tliomas Martin, must, in Dec. 9, 1803.
Lewis K. Mecliling, must, in Feb. 2, 1864.
Eeason Moore, must, in Feb. 29, 1864.
William Mauler, must, in Nov. 18, 1864.



1 Mitchell



dR M
ph M 11



Marcli 10, 1804.
t Ap 1 8 1S64



H


hON 1


w Ik y.


H


yM Ob


CI


1 ON


Job


nW ON


Isa


B b


Al


IphP


01


Pa k



Ge


geW R g


Pe


yRbn


Th


ma R t


Al


a d E 1


John C E U


Jol


R dg B


Alb


tH E


Jol


R mbl n


Fra


11 R 1


Wl


u F E t 1


Joh


RoL


Otl


M Rl d


Eln


S yd n



1804

r 1S04

1 5 1864



Jeremiah Stewart, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
Samuel M. Simonton, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
Clai-k R. Stoner, must, iu Sept. 14, 1864.
Gottlieb Sterner, must, in Sept. 24, 1804.
John H. Simpson, must, in Sept. 14, 1864.
Matthew Sheridan, must, in Sept. 19, 1804.
.Joliu Sutton, must. In Sept. 5, 1864.
Estep Smith, must, in Sept. 22, 1804.
Joseph M. Sangston, must, in Sept. 24, 1S04.
James S. Saundere, must, iu Feb. 27, l.'i64.



I Feb.



, 1804.



William Snow, must, in March 24, 1864.
George W. Stewart, must, in Nov. 18, 1864.
Alpheus Swearingen, must, in Oct. 28, 1804.
Edward Seiberte, must, in Nov. 23, 1864.
William M. Stone, must, in Feb. 28, 1804.
Woodbury Smith, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
Arthur Stevens, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
Martiu Stoner, must, in Sept. 14, 1864.
Philip Troutman, must, in Feb. 24, 1864.
John Thompsm, must, in Sept. 14, 1864.
Benjamin F. Tobin, must, in Nov. ai, 1802.
And. J. Thompson, must, in Sept. 14, 1864.
Robert Thompson, must, in Feb. 20, 1804.
Tliomas M. Williamson, must, in March 31, 1804.
Alphens Woody, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
Henry K. Ward, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
Thoma.s Williams, must, iu Nov. 23, 1862.
John Williams, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
Morgan B. Wilcox, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
Daniel Walters, must, in July 27, 1864.
John M. Weltner, must, iu July 26, 1864.
Samuel Wlieteler, must, iu Nov. 23, 1802.
John Weaver, must, in March 29, 1804.
Thomas B. Walker, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
Benjamin Woody, must, in Nov. 23, 1802.
William H. Younkers, must, in Aug. 2, 1864.
William F. Young, must, in Sept. 1, 1864.
James W. Yager, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
Uriah T. Young, must, in Sept. 1, 1864.

Company F.
Calvin Springer, captain, must, in Nov. 29, 1862 ; disch. Jan. 18, 1864.
.lames J. Jackson, captain, must, in Nov. 29, 1862; wounded at White

Sulphur Springs, Va., Aug. 26, 1803; pro. from first lieutenant Jan.

14,1864; disch. Dec. 6, 1864.
J. S. Schoonmakcr, captain, must, in Nov. 29, 1862 ; pro. from second to

first lieutenant Jan. 14, 1864; to captain Jan. 28, 1865; disch. by

general order July 31, 1865.
Charles W. E. Welty, captain, must, in Nov. 23, 1802; must, out with

company Aug. 24, 1865.
John H. Nesmith, first lieutenant, must, in Oct. 21, 1862 ; pro. from first

sergeant to secoud lieutenant May 15, 1864; to first lieutenant Jan.

28, 1865 ; wounded at Ashby's Gap, Va., Feb. 19, 1866 ; disch. by gen-
eral order July 31, 1S05.
Wm. H. Colling, first lieutenant, must, in Sept. 11, 1862; must, out with

company AuL^ 24, l.sii.',
N.E. Ilun:-'!-.



Milto:



Jordan M. Nesli

with company Aug. 24, 1865.

James H. Nesmith, first sergeant, must, in Nov. 23, 1802 ; must, out with
company Aug. 24, 1805.

Jesse F. Core, quartermaster-sergeant, must, in Jan. 7, 1804; must, out
with company Aug. 24, 1865.

John J. Hertzog, quartermaster-sergeant, must, in Nov. 23, 1802; pro.
from sergeant Jan. 14, 1804; disch. by general order May 30, 1805.

Clark McLaughlin, commissary-sergeant, must, in Nov. 23, 1802; must,
out with company Aug. 24, 1865.

Daniel W. Dull, sergeant, must, in Feb. 23, 1804; must, out with com-
pany Aug. 24, 1865.

Benjamin F. Siple, sergeant, must, in Nov. 23, 1802 ; must, out with com-
pany Aug. 24, 1805.

Samuel M. Kerr, sergeant, must, in Feb. 14, 1864; must, out with com-
pany Aug. 24, 1805.



i -utenaut, mu


St. in Nov. 23, 1862; pro. from


1 J7, 1805; tn


ns. to Co. D July 31, 1865.


1 lieutenan


, must, in Nov. 23,1862; must.


K. 24, 1805.




sergeant, mus


. in Nov. 23, 1862; must, out



WAR OF THE REBELLION.



31, 1865; must, out Willi couiliuiiy Aug. 24, ISOj.
William Liston, sergeant, must, ia Nov. 2J, J862j pro. from private May

1, 1865 ; disch. by G. 0. May 30, 1865.
John M. Holmes, sergeant, must, in Nov. 2:i, 1862; absent in hospital at

Jonathan Boyd, corporal, must, in Nov. 23, 1862; must, out with company
Aug. 24, 1865.

William Dull, corporal, must, in Nov. 23, 1862 ; must, out with compauy
Aug. 24, 1865.

John A. Mikeaell, corporal, must, in Feb. 4, 1864; must, out with com-
pauy Aug. 24, 1865.

William Stnll, corporal, must, in Feb. 28, 1864 ; must, out with company
Aug. 24, 1865.

Joseph E. Richey, corporal, must, in Feb. 8, 1864; must, out with com-
pany Aug. 24, 1865.

John Fleming, corporal, must, in Feb. 1, 1864; must, out with company
Aug. 24, 1865.

Samuel A. Brysou, must, in Feb. 6, 1864; must, out with company Aug.
24, I860.

Robert Hazlett, corporal, must, in Jan. 5, 1864; must, out with company
Aug. 24, 1865.

Hamilton C.Inglis, corporal, must, in Nov. 23, 1862; pro. to corporal
March 1, 1864 ; disch. by G. 0. May 30, 1865.

Harry Prophet, corporal, must, in Nov. 23, 1862 ; disch. by G. 0. May 30,
1865.

Sampson B. Hart, corporal, must, in Nov. 23, 1865; disch. by G. O. May
30, 1865.

Herman Detriok, corporal, must, in Sept. 6, 1864; disch. by G. O. May
30, 1865.

Theodore Mondolle, corporal, must, in Sept. 6, 1864; disch. by G. 0. May
30, 1865.

David McKinney, corporal, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.

Jacob Aurell, bugler, must, in Nov. 23, 1862 ; disch, by G. O. May 30, 1865.

John G. Hart, bugler, must, in Nov. 23, 1862 ; pro. to chief bugler June
1, 1865.

Abner S. Roberts, blacksmith, must, in Nov. 23, 1862; disch. by G. 0.
May 30, 1865.

Michael Frick, farrier, must, in March 31, 1864 ; must, out with com-
pany Aug. 24, 1865.

Anderson Minerd, farrier, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.

Hugh C. Brown, saddler, must, in Nov. 23, 1862; disch. by G. 0. May 30,



Privates.

Francis S. Altman, must, in Feb. 29, 1864.
Frank Abel, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
David Brooks, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
Daniel Brooks, must, in Feb. 28, 1864.
Lewis D. Buzzard, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
Samuel E. Banks, must, in Feb. 22, 1864.
George W. Bowie, must, in Deo. 2, 1863.
Henry Burns, must, in Dec. 2, 1863.
John Baker, must, in Oct 7, 1864.
John Ball, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
Edward M. Brynon, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
Isaac Balsinger, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
Allen Bryuer, must, in Feb. 23, 1864.
Andrew Brobst, must, in Aug. 24, 1864.
John Bierworth, must, in Aug. 24, 1864.
Wm. Brownfield, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
George W. Burner, must, in Sept. 16, 1864.
Joseph C. Brady, must, in Sept. 7, 1864.
T. J. Buner, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
Judson Bodkins, must, in Aug. 1, 1862.
W. M. Buichinal, must, in April 14, 1864.
John C. Biimer, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
Wm. T. Bniiier, must, iu Nov. 23, 1862.
Samuel Bumsworth, must, in Feb. 28, 1862.
James K. Burgess, must, in March 9, 1862.
James Braddie, must, in Sept. 7, 1862.
T. M. Clelland, must, in Feb. 16, 1862.
G. W. Campbell, must, in Feb. 25, 1862.
John Cain, must, in Dec. 2, 1863.
Ewing Christopher, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
John C. Core, must, in Dec. 25, 1863.
John C. Cartin, must, in Sept. 5, 1864.



Francis Carney, must, in March 31, 1864.
Andrew Cooper, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
Patrick B. Cooley, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
John Collins, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
Andrew E. Collins, must, in Feb. 28, 1864.
Andrew Dodson, must, in Feb. 26, 1864.
Stewart Durban, must, in Aug. 1, 1863.
Thomas Dougherty, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
Abraham Evans, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
John A. Early, must, in July 12, 1864.
A. H. Eshenbaugh, must, in March 24, 1864.
Thomas W. Elliott, must, in March 20, 1864.
David Emerson, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
David T. Fry, must, in Feb. 25, 1864.
Wm. A. Fleming, must, in Fob. 4, 1864.
James Frazier, must, in Jan. 20, 1864.
Wm. II. Fry, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
Nicholas Frishcom, must, in Aug. 24, 1864.
F. M. Fleming, must, in Jan. 4, 1864.
James Dougherty, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
William' A. Evans, must, in Feb. 24, 1864.
Philip Frederick, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
Allison Freeman, must, iu Nov. 23, 1862.
Edmund Federer, must, in Aug. 26, 1862.
James A. George, must, in March 27, 1864.
Richard German, must, in Jan. 20, 1864.
Henry D. Gilmore, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.



Leopold Gross, r
George P. Green
Levi Goodwin, n
Wm. B. Gow], m
John Gardner, n



t. in Aug. 12, 1864.
ust. in Sept. 3,1864.
I. in Nov. 23, 1862. .
. in Nov. 23, 1862.
;. in Sept. 6, 1862.



Eckhart Houk, must, iu Feb. 22, 1864.
Jacob Houk, must, in Feb. 25, 1864.
Willis B. Harbaugli, must, in Feb. 28, 1864.
Isaac B. Houk, must, in Feb. 22, 1864.
Henry Hair, must, in Feb. 4, 1864.
John Hand, must, in Jan. 20, 1864.
Miles Hand, must, iu Aug. 1, 1863.
Edward S. Hayden, must, iu Nov. 23, 1862.
Reuben Honk, must, in Jan. 4, 1864.
.\laiison Hudson, must, in Nov. 2:J, 1862.
David L. Halh must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
Abraham Hill, must, in Feb. 25, 1864.



Nov.;



Ale.\ander Hager, n
Fred. M. Hicks, mui
John M. Hackett, n
Mitchell Hnniil, ii.u

Robert llam

Jesse Hall, -i in

Thomas Hngli.s, iiii
Peter Ingles, must, i
Samuel Ingles, musi
Peter K. Johnson, n
John Johnson, must
William James, mm
Joseph Johnson, mii
Wm. Kirkwood, mii
Butler Kissinger, in
James W. Kenan, m
John Keiser, must.
W. H. Kent, must, i
Jacob Leonard, mus
Valorins Lilly, musI
Abraham Liston, nu
David LafTerty, mus
Matthias Lilly, mus
James W. Luellan, 1
Wm. F. Leech, musI
Wm. C. Leasty, mus
Andrew Lancaster,
David Leech, must.
John Lowrie, must,
Jacob Lowrie, must.



in Nov. 23, 1862.
I Nov. 23, 1862.

in Nov. 23, 1862.
. Feb. 29, 1864. ,



in March 29,1862.
Jov. 23, 1862.
I Nov, 23, 1862.
;. in Feb. 25, 1862.



I Nov. 23, 1862.



I Feb.



, 1864.



St. in Nov. 23, 1862.
1st. in Sept. 15, 1864.
1 Aug. 24, 1864.

Nov. 23, 1862.

in Feb. 27, 1864.

in Nov. 23, 1862.
It. iu Nov. 23, 1862.

in Nov. 2,3, 1862.



I Nov,



1S62.



must, in Sept. 8, 1862.
t. in Nov. 23, 1862.
it. in Feb. 12, 1864.
must, in Nov. 23, 1862.



HISTORY OF FAYETTE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA.



Noiih Lape, must, in


Nov. 23; 18G2.


Lucius S. MarteD, must. In Feb. 23, 1864.


Wm. B. Mitchell, mi


St. iu March 12, 1864.


Peter Mitcliell.iiiu^t


in Nov. 2:i, 1862.


James H. >1 n,-.,.


,i..i II, Nov. 23, 1S62.


Frederi.K 1: 'I .


: M-: in Nov. 23, 1862.


Micluiolc >i


.,1 1,1 Nov. 23, 1862.


ConnulMiLi^, i.iii.t


in,>.i't..5, 1864.


John Molrow, must.


iu Aug. 29. 1864.


George Miller, must


in Nov. 23, 1862.


Zacliariah Moon, must, in March 15, 1864.


Josejih Miller, must


in Nov. 23, 1862.


Harry L. Maple, mu


t. iu Nov. 23, 1862.


Everett Meyers, mils


. in Feb. 2, 1864.


Curlis McQuillian, n


ust. in Nov. 23, 1863.


Wm. A. McDowell, II


U3t. in Sept. 1.5, 1864.


Matthew S. McGarve


y, must, in Feb. 25, 1864


Francis McHeiiry, m


ust. in Feb. 25, 1SG4.


John B. McMullen,


nnst. in Nov. 23,1862.


Kohert P. McCleUan


must, in Sept. 17, 1864.


Wm. McCloskey, mu


St. in Aug. 26, 1862.


John Neeman, must


in Nov. 2:!, 1S62.


Joseph M. dinger, must, in Feb. 22, 1864.


James W. Orr, must.


in Feb. 1, 1864.


Andrew Oclines, mu


t. in Jan. 4, 1864.


George D. Peterman


must, in Feb. 29, 1864.


Martin Peterman, n


ust. in Fob. 13, 1864.


J. W. Poundstone, u


ust. in Nov. 23,1862.


Wm. H. Parker, must, in Feb. 23, 1864.


Bliss Palmer, must.




John H. Preston, n.i


■r in N..I J : 1 -n'J.


Jimp S. Patterson, i,


.' ' 1' i l-i.:;.


Joseph Rowen, nlu^


1,1 . 1 -'


David Rowen, miisl.


in \..> J ;, l-n/


John Kutlege, musl.


in Nov. 2:!, IS«2.


John Kicliards, mus


iuDec. 28,1863.


George Keshel, must


in Aug. 3(1, 1864.


JohuKhorMMilst in


AUL' -'4, lsl-,4.


Absalom l;i,,l. hH


t ,n <.|.i rn l-r4.



Daniel



Joseph A. Wott, must, in Feb. 23, 1864.
Wallace Watterson, must, in July 12, 1864.
Charles Warner, must, in Nov. 22, 1862.
William Warrick, must, in Jan. 7, 1864.
Matthew Wilson, must, in Dec. 14, 1863.
Alpheus Wilson, must.iu Nov. 23, 1862.
John Waunan, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
David C. Winders, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
George Wygold, must in Aug. 24, 1864.
Martin Wygold, must, in Ang. 24, 1864.
Frank Woodsides, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
Isaiah Wilson, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
S. P. Waltonbaugh, must, in Feb. 23, 1864.
James Williams, must, in Nov. 23. 1862.
William Willy, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
William Woods, must, in Nov. 23, 1862.
Joel T. Woods, must, in Aug. 18, 1864.
George W. Zinn, must, in Sept. 7, 1864.



. 23, 1S62.
I, 1S62.
t. 17, 1862.



CHAPTER XXI.

WAR OF THE REBELLION— (0,h(i«u«/).
The Sixleeuth Cavalry.

The Sixteenth Cav.ilry, numbered the One Hun-
dred and Sixty-first of the Pennsylvania Line, and
one of the most renowned cavalry regiments in the
service of the United States in the war of the Rebel-
lion, was raised in the fall of 1862, and composed of
men from twenty counties of the State of Pennsylva-
nia. The rendezvous was first established at Camp
Simmons, near Harrisburg, but was afterwards re-
moved to Camp McClellan, where the regimental
organization was completed about the middle of
November. The field-otficers of the Sixteenth at its
organization were : Colonel, John Irvin Gregg, a vet-
eran of the Mexican war and a line-oflicer in the reg-
ular army; Lieutenant-Colonel, Lorenzo D. Rodgers,
of Venango County; Majors, William A. West, of Fay-
ette County, William H. Fry, of Philadelphia, and
John Stroup, of Mifflin. Two companies of the regi-
j ment were composed of men recruited in Fayette
County, viz. : Company B, Capt. John T. Hurst, and
Company (i, Capt. John K. Fisher.

On the 30th of November the regiment proceeded

to Washington, D. C, and was moved thence to a

camp near Bladensburg, Md. On the 3d of January,

1863, it moved to the Rappahannock, and went into

1 winter-quarters near the railroad bridge over Potomac

Creek, being assigned to duty with Averill's brigade,

which was then attached to the Army of the Potomac.

Its winter duty was severe, it being almost continually

I on picket duty on a line nearly eight miles from the

1 regimental camp. On the 17th of March, 1863, the

1 Sixteenth fought its first battle at Kelly's Ford, on

1 which occasion it occupied the right of the line and

did its duty well, tliough with slight loss.

In the spring campaign of 1863, which culminated
in the battle of Chancellorsville, the Sixteenth was
constantly active, the men being almost continually
in the saddle from the 13th of April, when they left



WAR OF THE REBELLION.



225



their winter-quarters, until the 5th of May, when the
Army of the Potomac recrossed the Rappahannock
after the disaster of Chancellorsville. During this
time the regiment skirmished with the enemy's cav-
alry at Brandy Station (April 29th) and at Ely's Ford
(May 2d), but in these affairs lost only one man killed.
On the 25th of May the cavalry of the two armies
were hotly engaged at Brandy Station, but the Six-
teenth, being without saddles, did not take an active
part in the light. On the 11th of June it was brigaded
with the Fourth Pennsylvania, Tenth New York, and
Fii-st Maine Regiments of cavalry, forming the Sec-
ond Brigade (under Col. J. I. Gregg) of the Second
Division of the cavalry corps under Gen. Pleasonton.

The Confederate army under Gen. Lee was moving
to the invasion of Pennsylvania, and on the 13th of
June the cavalry corps commenced the northward
march which led to the battle-field of Gettysburg.
On the IStli the Sixteenth took the advance, and was
compelled to fight its way through nearly the entire
day. On the following day it was the same, the Six-
teenth fighting dismounted and taking the enemy's
positions one after another, but only losing eleven
killed and wounded. On the 21st the enemy again
disputed the way, and were driven in some disorder
through Ashby's Gap.

In the conflict at Gettysburg the regiment with its
brigade was partially engaged on the 2d of July, hut
suffered very slight loss. On the 3d it was in line
and under artillery fire, but not actively engaged.
In the pursuit of Lee's retreating army, after the
battle, it took active part, and on the 16th of July,
beyond Shepherd.stown, Va., it stood in line for eight
hours, during a part of which time it bore the weight
of a fierce attack of the Confederate cavalry, losing
twenty-one killed and wounded. Among the latter
was Capt. John K. Fisher, of " G" company, who
received wounds by which he was disabled for ser-
vice.

After the escape of Gen. Lee and the crossing of
the Army of the Potomac into Virginia, the Sixteenth
took part in nearly all the marches, countermarches,
skirmishes, and fights of the cavalry corps during the
remainder of the year down to the movement against
the enemy's strong works at Mine Run, its aggregate
losses in these operations being quite large. After
the abandonment of the Mine Run campaign it re-
crossed the Rapidan and encamped near Bealton
Station. From the 21st to the 31st of December it
was employed with the brigade in an expedition to
Luray, where some factories and a large amount of
Confederate stores were destroyed. Immediately
after this it took part in a raid to Front Royal, from
which it returned by way of Manassas Gap, and
about the middle of January, 1864, went into winter-
quarters at Turkey Run, near Warrenton.

In the spring campaign of 1864 the brigade of
which the Sixteenth was a part, crossed the Rapidan
and entered the Wilderness with the Second Corps



of the Army of the Potomac. It became engaged on
', the 6th of May, and again on the 7th, when the Six-
teenth fought dismounted, and bravely held its po-
sition against determined attacks of the enemy. On
the 8th eight companies of the regiment, mounted,
charged with the sabre, 'suflfering considerable loss.
On the 9th the cavalry, under Gen. P. H. Sheridan,
moved around the right flank of Lee's army, destined
for a raid against Richmond. A large number of
Union prisoners on their way from the Wilderness
battle-grounds to the Southern prisons were released,
and the cavalry column destroyed immense quantities
of stores at the Beaver Dam Station of the Richmond
and Potomac Railroad. On the morning of the 11th,
at Hanover Church, the enemy attacked furiously,
but was repulsed. In the fighting of that day the
Confederate cavalry general J. E. B. Stuart was killed.
On the 12th, at daybreak, the Union cavalry entered
the outer works of Richmond, but the position could
not be held. The enemy closed in overwhelming
numbers on three sides of the Union force, whose
situation became hourly more critical, but Sheridan
released himself by desperate fighting, and crossing
the Chickahominy, rejoined the main army on the
25th of May.

A movement by Gregg and Merritt down the Pa-
munkey, on the 26th, resulted in the heavy engage-
ment at Hawes' Shop in the afternoon of the 28th,
in which action the Sixteenth lost twenty-four killed
and wounded. A few days later the regiment with
its brigade accompanied Sheridan in his expedition
towards Lynchburg, and in a sharp fight which re-
sulted at Trevillian Station the Sixteenth lost sixteen
killed and wounded. Unable to reach Lynchburg,
Sheridan turned back and made his way to White
House, on the Pamunkey, from which place with his
own train and eight hundred additional wagons be-
longing to the Army of the Potomac he marched on
the 25th of June for the James River. The enemy
was determined to capture the trains if possible, and
for that purpose made a most desperate assault in
greatly superior numbers at St. Mary's Church, but
were repelled and finally driven back by Gregg's
command, which covered the right on the roads lead-
ing from Richmond. In this engagement the Six-
teenth took prominent part, and fought with its cus-
tomary stubbornness and gallantry, repelling repeated
charges of the enemy. Crossing the James, the com-
mand was sent on the 1st of July to the relief of Gen.
Wilson, who was in a critical situation on the Weldon
Railroad, but he escaped from his perilous position
without assistance.

Late in July the regiment with its division and a
column of infantry recrossed the James on a recon-
noissance in force, in which the Sixteenth became
engaged near Malvern Hill, charging, mounted, and
lost nine killed and wounded. The expedition re-
turned on the 30th. About the middle of August the
division again crossed to the north side of the James,



226



HISTORY OF FAYETTE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA.



and fought at Deep Run and White's Tavern. lu
the latter fight the Sixteenth lost thirty-one killed
and wounded out of a total of less than two hundred
men which it took in. Again, on an expedition to
the Weldon Railroad, it was engaged on the 23d, 24th,
and 25th of August, losing in the three days' skirmish
twelve killed and wounded. On the 15th and 16th



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