Franklin Ellis.

History of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men online

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Stewart Christopher, must, in Sept. 0, 1862.

Cornelius Dempster, must, in Dec. 24, 1863.

William U H. Dreese, must, in Oct. 19, 1862,

John Davenport, must, in Oct. 19, 1802.

Michael Dunn, must, in March 7, 1865.

George L. Dill, must, in Feb. 28, 1865.

Joseph W. Dill, must, in Feb. 24, 1864.

John Dockman, must, in March 6, 1865.

Samuel Dugan, must, in Sept. 6, 1802.

A. G. Dougherty, must. in'Sept. 6, 1862.

John Dugan, must, in Oct, 20, 1862.

Abraham Dunham, must, in Sept. 10, 1862.

Charles E. Dorcy, must, in Feb. 17, 1865.

John A. Evans, must, in Sept. 23, 1862.

Henry W. Earley, must, in Oct. 25, 1802.

Levi Ebersole, must, in Sept. 28, 1802.

Isaac P. Eberhart, must, in Jan. 4, 1804.

Adolph A. Eberhart, must, in Sept. 6, 1862.

Abraham Francis, must, in Oct. 3, 1362.

Michael H. Foore, must, in Oct. 19, 1802.

Daniel Fry, must, in Oct. 29, 1802.

John Ferry, must, in Feb. 14, 1865.

William A. Fuller, in Sept. 23, 1862.

Levi Fniii. i , i , , , - , ',. l,si;2.
David K.t. , :: - , 1^02.

EbenezerT i;,|,~, mn.i ,n Mi.rch 8, 1864.

David F. Olinger, farrier, must, in Oct. 19, 1802 ;
.lug. II, 1865.

William Gay, farrier, must, in Oct. 7, 1862; must, out with company
Aug. 11, 1865.

Joseph Marr, farrier, must, in Oct. 30, 1802; disch. on surgeon's cer-
tificate April 5, 1805.

John H. Lomas, saddler, must, in Sept. 0, 1862; disch. by general order
June 15, 1865.

Jacob A. Anderson, must, in Feb. 28, 1864.
George E. .Alexander, must, in Feb. 24, 1805.
Daniel Aley, must, in Sept. 23, 1802.

with company , Michael Ga

, 1804.

Henry Y. Gable, must, in Oct. 7, 1862.
John Gray, must, in Feb. 17, 1865.
James Georges, must, in Sept. 23, 1862.
James Gaddis, must, in Sept. 6, 1802.
Andrew J. Gordon, must, in Sept. 6. 1862.
Jonathan Gans, must, in Sept. 19, 1862.
Philip Hauk, must, in March 1, 1865.
Henry Hofler, must, in Feb. 27, 1865.
S. Harshbarger, must, in March 3, 1865.
Thomas H. Hunting, must, in Oct. 18, 1864.
John B. Hopple, must, in Sept. 18, 1862.
John Harrison, must, in Feb. 21, 1S05.


Samuel Harter, must, in Oct. 25, 1862.

David Rose, must, iu Sept. :!8, 1802.

John Hickson, must, in Oct. 29, 1862.

William Rice, must, in Oct. 29, 1862.

John Horn, must, in Feb. 27, 1865.

Allen Rearich, mnst. in Sept. 23, 1862.

George A. Harrington, must, in Feb. 20, 186.').

Simr.n Rondall, must, in Sept. 23, 1862.

Abraham P. Haines, must, iu Sept. 23, 1862.

James Rossell, must, in Sept. 19, 1862.

Daniel Hollabaugh, must, in Sept. 23, 1862.

Silaa Rossell, must.iu Sept. 30, 1864.

Isaac Hockeubeny, must, in Oct. 19, 1862.

James F. Reed, must, in Sept. 30, 1864.

Benjamin Hockenberry, must, in Oct. 19, 1862.

Daniel Reynolds, must, in Sept. 19, 1862.

James Hassou, must, in Sept. 15, 1864.

Edgar F. Reynolds, must, iu Sept. 19, 1862.

William Hall, must, in Sept. 6, 1862.

William Rine, must, in Sept. 0, 1862.

John H. Hone, must, in Sept. 6, 1862.

Jacob Switzer, must, in Feb. 8, 1865.

George W. Hagan, must, in Oct. 22, 1862.

Henry Simpson, must, in Feb. 14, 1865.

HatfieUl Hoden, must, in Sept. 6, 1862.

Charles Shoffer, mnst. in Feb. 25, 1865.

Jacob Helsel, must, in Oct. 1, 1862.

William Shoff, must, in Oct. 3, 1862.

John Herberger, must, in Sept. 19, 1862.

David A. Snyder, must, in Oct. 3, 1862.

James D. Irwin, must, ia Dec. 1, 1863.

Lawrence Shepherd, must, in Feb. 23, 1864.

William J. Johnson, must, in Oct. 7, 1862.

Alexander Sutherland, must, in Feb. 23, 1865.

Thomas Jobes, must, in Sept. 6, 1862.

John H. Sickles, must, in Feb. 23, 1865.

William H. Jordon, must, in Sept. 19, 1862.

Robert Sankey, must, in Sept. 23, 1862.

Jeremiah D. Kepner, must, in Feb. 24, 1864.

Peter Saylor, must, in Oct. 25, 1862.

Jacob T. Ketring, must, iu Feb. 18, 1865.

Robert A. Sayers, must, in Sept. 23, 1862.

David Killey. must, in Feb. 24, 1865.

John Smith, must, in Sept. 28, 1862.

John W. Knight, must, in Sept. 6, 1862.

Robert Salyards, must, in Sept. 23, 1862.

Jacob L. W. Kolp, must, in Sept. 19, 1862.

Oliver P. Snook, must, in Oct. 19, 1862.

David J. Karchner, must, in Oct. 20, 1862.

James Shean, must, in June 8, 1864.

William H. Leas, must, in Jan. 21, 1864.

Charles Sterling, must, in March 2.3, 1864.

William Lebo, nmst. iu Oct. 30, 1862.

Henry Shak, must, in Feb. 16, 1865.

G. H. Longnecker, must, in Feb. 17, 1865.

Nathan Shenefelt, must, in Sept. 6, 1862.

J. S. Longnecker, must, in Feb. 17, 1865.

Beeson Shaffer, must, in Sept. 6, 1862.

John W. Lancaster, must, in Feb. 23, 1865.

Perry Swartztrover, must, in Sept. 2, 1864.

Patrick Lenahan, must, in Feb. 27, 1865.

Daniel E. Sickles, must, in Sept, 6, 1862.

William H. Lansing, must, in Sept. 23, 1862.

Lemuel Sutton, must, in Sept. 19, 1862.

James Leonard, must, in Oct. 19, 1862.

Amos Sullivan, must, in Sept. 19, 1862.

George W. Lewis, must, in Sept. 6, 1862.

John Sighen, must, iu Oct. 18, 1862.

John T. Lilly, must, in Sept. 6, 1862.

Horace Sias, must, in Oct. 21, 1862.

John Lockwood, mnst. in Sept. 19, 1862.

Hezekiah B. Thomas, must, in Feb. 20, 1804.

James Lewis, must, in Sept. 30, 1864.

George W. Turner, must, in Sept. 6, 1862.

William H. Lynn, must, in Sept. 6, 1862.

Jacob Vanasdale, must, in Sept. 23, 1862.

Isaac Lerett, must, in Sept. 6, 1862.

Jacob Walker, must, in Oct. 19, 1862.

Cyrus Laughrey, must, in Sept. 19, 1862.

Daniel P. Weeters, must, in Feb. 17, 1865.

Edward Laughrey, must, in Oct. 21, 1862.

John Williams, must, in Feb. 28, 1865.

Thomas Martin, must, in March 14, 1864.

Edmund Wimer, must, in Feb. 25, 1865.

Joseph Morrison, must, in Feb. 21, 1865.

Edmund W. Westcott, must, in Feb. 18, 1865.

James M. Martin, nmst. in Aug. 19, 1862.

Robert F. Walt, must, in March 30, 1864.

Peter Mesliey, must, in March 7, 1865.

Joseph Wilson, must, in Sept. 23, 1862.

Alonzo R. Martz, must, in Sept. 23, 1862.

Charles Wilson, must, in Feb. 21, 1865.

Henry Miner, must, in Sept. 6, 1862.

Jacob Walters, must, in Sept. 6, 1862.

William Mitchell, must, in Sept, 0, 1862.

David Whitsett, must, in Sept. 15, 1864.

John May, Jr., must, in Sept. 30, 1864.

John Wood, must, iu Sept. 6,1862.

Calvin B. Martin, must, in Sept. 6. 1862.

William Whetstone, must, in Sept. 6, 1862.

James Mitchell, must, in Sept. 6, 1862.

James Wilson, must, in Sept 19, 1862.

Joseph Means, must, in Sept. 19, 1862.

Jacob Wynn, must, in Oct. 16, 1862.

Calvin Miiler, must, iu Sept. 19, 1862.

Robert Jl.Cn.rk,.,,, ii,n~t. in n, t 7, 18G2.

B. C. McWilli;,,,,^, ]ni,,vJ7, 1SC,3.,;,lil, iin..l. Hi Irl., h:. iMli.

William S. MelUary, must, in Fi-b. Z.t, 1,S65.


Joseph A. McArtliur, must, in Oct. 1, 18C2.

John V. McLane, must, in Sept. 6, 1862.


Joseph A. MdXv, musl. in Sept. G, 1862.

Simon N<mm-. imi.i in - i i Ti, l-.-j


Joseph N. : . . . i ' ■ ■ 1 ■ : .■
Samuel N 1 . :., . , - I ■ i -.J.

Fayette County' embraces a portion of the great

LeWisOT,, ';, nn:^i ,. ., \ <.l.

Appalachian coal-field. It is rich in coal, iron, lime-

James J. I'elt,-. st inort. I'J.lsOi.

stone, and fire-clay.

James H. Porter, nmst. iu March 8, 1865.
Andrew J. Purdv, must, in Oct. 18, 1862.

Coal occurs abundantly. The great Pittsburgh bed

Nathan Perdew, must, in Sept. 6, 1862.

in the Connellsville basin yields a coal which makes

John Propper. must, in Sept. 19, 1862.

the typical coke; while the same bed in the basin

George W. Palmer, must, in Sept. 19, 1862.
John J. Quay, must in Feb. 19, 1864.
■lohn Rosenberger, must, in Feb. 24, 1864.

followed by the Monongahela River yields a coal
hard enough to bear shipment, and admirably adapted

Daniel Rogers, must, in March 3, 1865.

to the manufacture of illuminating gas. Numerous

John Redmond, must, in Feb. 16. 18e5.

other beds are present, most of which afford good

Frederick Bentz, must, in March 8, 1865.
Charles Rhoads, must, in March 4, 1805.

coal for fuel, and are mined to a greater or less extent

John S. Robinson, mnst, iu S.-pI, 21, 18I-.2,

to supjily local needs.



In the broad valley occupying the eastern part of
the county, and lying between Laurel and Chestnut
Ridges, the beds of the lower coal groups are exposed.
The upper Freeport coal-bed, the highest of the lower
productive coal group, is accessible along Indian
Creek from the county line southward to near the
Youghiogheny River, while the same bed is found in
patches on the hills along that river. South from
the Youghiogheny it is accessible at many places
along the larger streams. This bed varies in thick-
ness from two to nearly ten feet, and the coal shows
equal variations in quality. It is opened at many
places within this valley, and the coal is good for fuel ;
but the volatile matter is too low for the manufacture
of gas, and the ash is too high to permit excellence in
' the coke.

Other and lower beds of coal are exposed in the
deep trough excavated by the Youghiogheny River in
crossing this valley, as well as on several of the lar-
ger streams emptying into the river; but the coal
I from these, though useful for fuel, contains so much
1 ash and sulphur as to be useless for either gas or
coke. These beds are shown on both sides of Chest-
I nut Ridge, and the upper Freeport is mined to a
slight extent on the eastern slope to supply fuel. But
i the proximity of the large Pittsburgh bed in the
Connellsville basin has i)revented any full develop-
1 ment of the bed or a thorough determination of its
1 value. The lower beds are not reached westward
from Chestnut Ridge in such quantity as to be
j economically available.

Beds lying above the Pittsburgh coal-bed in the
Connellsville basin are rarely mined. They are irregu-
lar both in thickness and quality. The coal from the
Pittsburgh as found here is soft and ill fitted to bear
handling. The volatile matter is much lower than
in the next basin towards the west, and the sulphur
rarely exceeds one per cent. Comparatively little of
this coal is shipped, and with the exception of the small
quantity needed to supply villages, the whole amount
mined is converted into coke. This coke, known in
the markets as Connellsville coke, is hard, silvery,
and retains its lustre for an indefinite period when
i exposed to the air. It is prepared by burning the
coal in beehive ovens for from forty-eight to seventy-
two hours.

The greater part of the coking area has been pur- |
chased by corporations, and the eastern outcrop of \
j the bed is now lined with coke-works. The western
outcrop is not yet open to market, but the coal on I
that side of the basin is inferior to that obtained
from the other side only in this, that it contains a
slightly greater proportion of volatile matter. The
coke appears to be equally good.
I Near the State line the coal from the Pittsburgh ■
I bed along the Monongahela is comparatively low in |
! volatile matter and yields a very fair coke ; but the \
j presence of some slates detracts from the appearance j
j of the product. '

Lack of railroad fiicilities has prevented a full
development of the Pittsburgh coal-bed along the
Monongahela River, but slack- water navigation has
rendered possible some extensive workings at and
below Brownsville. The coal obtained in this basin
shows from thirty-four to somewhat more than thirty-
six per cent, of volatile matter, is comparatively free
from sulphur, and bears handling well. It is shipped
down the Monongahela River tp the Ohio, and is sold
in the markets of Cincinnati and other cities farther

The thickness of the Pittsburgh bed is usually
somewhat less along the river than it is in the Con-
nellsville basin, frequently being almost ten feet in
the latter basin, but rarely exceeding eight feet along
the river.

The iron ores of Fayette County attracted attention
at a very early day, and the first iron produced west
of the Allegheny Mountains was made in Fayette
County from Fayette County ore.

The Blue Lump ore, which immediately underlies
the Pittsburgh coal-bed in theConnellsvillebasin, was
the first ore-bed discovered, but other beds were found
not long after, and furnaces were erected to utilize
them. All of the early furnaces were small and used
charcoal as the fuel, though Col. Isaac Meason used
coke in a small way at his Plumsock Furnace in 1817,
and in 1836 Mr. F. H. Oliphant ran Fairchance Fur-
nace with coke for several weeks, making an iron of
excellent quality.

The important horizons of iron ore are two, the
upper being almost directly under the Pittsburgh coal-
bed, and the lower in the shales underlying the great
conglomerate which marks the base of the coal-bear-
ing series within this region.

The ore immediately below the Pittsburgh bed,
known usually as the coal ore, is confined for the
most part to the Connellsville basin, but it crosses to
the river basin in Spring Hill township, and is present
along the river certainly as far north as Catt's Run;
beyond that, northward, it seems to be wanting.

This ore shows serious variation in the Connells-
ville basin, there being a marked difference between
the ores found from the Youghiogheny River to a
little way north from the National road, and those
found still farther south. In the southern part of
this basin the group consists of four beds, known as
the Blue Lump, the Big Bottom, the Red Flag, and the
Yellow Flag, the order being descending. The whole
thickness of ore is not less than two feet, and is in-
cluded within a vertical distance of not more than
twelve feet. The Blue Lump contains from thirty-nine
to forty-two per cent, of metallic iron, with .07 to .08 per
cent, of phosphorus and .01 to .04 per cent, of sulphur.
In the Big Bottom the iron is thirty-five per cent, and
the phosphorus only .04 per cent. The ores from the
other beds have about the same percentage of iron
as that from the Big Bottom, but the percentage of



phosphorus is somewhat greater. The change north-
ward seems to be abrupt, and it certainly occurs within
a distance of not more than one mile. At Lemont and
Dunbar only a single or sometimes a double layer is
mined, which varies from ten to twenty-two inches
in thickness. The ore shows material variations in
quality, but for the most part it is good. It has from
thirty to thirty-three per cent, of iron, and the phos-
phorus varies from .1.3 to .20.

This ore is persistent, unlike most of the carbonate
ores of the carboniferous groups. The area underlaid
by it and actually proved up is estimated to contain
not less than two hundred millions of tons, and tliis
does not include any part of the western side of the

The beds of the lower group are known as the
mountain ores. They are four in number, — the Little
Honeycomb, the Big Honeycomb, the Kidney, and
the Big Bottom. The Little Honeycomb is within
twenty feet of the great conglomerate, and is seldom
more than four inches thick. It is not available ex-
cept where it can be mined by stripping. The ore is
very good. The Big Honeycomb is usually a com-
pact flag ten to twelve inches thick, but occasionally
swelling to more than two feet. It is persistent to
very near the northern limit of the county. The ore
is fine-grained, smooth, and it is regarded as excel-
lent. The metallic iron varies from thirty-five to
forty-one per cent., the phosphorus from .03 to .22,
and the sulphur from it varies little from .1-5. The
Kidney ore is persistent, and is usually a plate from
four to eight inches thick. According to analysis,
the percentage of iron varies from thirty-one to
forty-one per cent., the phosphrus from .10 to .19,
and the sulphur from .08 to .40. The Big Bottom is
present at all localities examined along Chestnut
Ridge. It consists of one, two, or three flags, with a
total thickness of from ten inches to three feet. The
percentage of iron varies from thirty-two to thirty-
seven, of phosphorus from a mere trace to .25.

Unlike the ores underlying the Pittsburgh coal-
bed, these lower ores are not wholly to be depended
on ; the Kidney and Big Bottom show serious " wants"
at several localities, and the Big Honeycomb occa-
sionally fails for considerable distances. These irreg-
ularities render extraction of the ore expensive and the
supply somewhat uncertain. The amount of ore,
however, is enormous, and the beds, notwithstanding
the numerous gaps, are practically persistent. Drifts
nearly one-half mile long have been run on the Big
Bottom at the Dunbar mines, while drifts two-thirds
as long have been run in on the Honeycomb and
Kidney at Lemont. But in the present condition of
knowledge the available amount of ore in these
mountain beds can hardly be determined, for erosion
has torn away much of the mountain-side.

Four furnaces are now in operation along the west
foot of Chestnut Ridge, all of which depend chiefly on
the coal ores, but they use more or less of the moun-

tain ores. No furnace is in blast on the east side of
Chestnut Ridge. The mountain ores are good on that
side, and are present in large quantity, but no way of
reaching market exists, and iron cannot be made ex-
cept at a loss.

The Fayette County iron early attained celebrity,
owing to the numerous improvements introduced into
the raanufttcture by Mr. F. H. Oliphant. The Oli-
phant iron was made at Fairchance Furnace, from a
mixture of Blue Lump and mountain ore, the former
predominating. This iron was neutral and had ex-
traordinary strength. Cable tried at the Washington
navy-yard, it proved to be more than twice as strong
as the standard, and the links stretched eighteen
inches before breaking. Excellent pig-metal was
produced by the furnaces working on the mountain
ores e.xclusively,and it always found a ready market.
The iron ore made by Dunbar, Lemont, Oliphant,
and Fairchance Furnaces is a good neutral iron, car-
rying from one-half of one per cent, to one per cent,
of phosphorus. Its quality would be improved by the
omission of mill-cinder from the charge. The large

[ amount of uncombined carbon in these irons renders
them excellent for foundry purposes.

The proximity of coal, ore, and limestone gives the
Connellsville basin of Fayette County great advan-
tages over many other iron-producing localities. Iron
can be made here profitably when selling at a price
which would bring bankruptcy to the great majority
of furnaces el.sewhere. During 1877 good iron was
made by Lemont Furnace at a cost of about eleven
dollars per ton.

Limestone is abundant, though there are narrow

' strips running longitudinally through the country
where no limestone is exposed. Thin beds only exist
in the valley between Chestnut and Laurel Ridges,
but an ample supply for all purposes can be obtained
from the great mountain limestone which is exposed
in deep hollows in the sides of both ridges. This
great limestone is exposed also in the hollows along
the western side of Chestnut Ridge, and it has been

I quarried at many localities, especially in the northern
part of the county. Some of its beds yield lime as

I white as the celebrated Louisville brand.

Good lime is found nearly everywhere within the
Connellsville basin, in the hills covering the Pitts-
burgh coal-bed. This rock is in great part clean enough

j to be used as a flux in the iron furnaces, but contains
more or less oxide of iron, and therefore the lime is
not of pure white. The limestones exposed along
the river and lying above the Pittsburgh coal-bed are
thick, and some of them are very pure. They are

I quarried at more than one locality for shipment to
Pittsburgh, where they are used in manufacture of
glass and iron.

Fire-clays are abundant in diff'erent parts of the
county. An excellent plastic clay occurs at Greens-
boro' and New Geneva, on the Monongahela River. It



is employed largely in the manufacture of pottery,
which has a high reputation, and can be found almost
everywhere in the Southeastern States. Good brick
clay is abundant everywhere in the subsoil. An ex-
cellent non-plastic clay exists along the east slope of
Chestnut Ridge, and lies not far above the great con-
glomerate. It is manufactured into brick at Lemont,
Mount Braddock, Dunbar, and on the Youghiogheny
River above Connellsville. The bricks are decidedly
good, and but little, if at all, inferior to the' bricks
made at Mount Savage. Another non- plastic clay
occurs in Henry Clay and Stewart townships, and is
the same with the celebrated Bolivar fire-clay of West-
moreland County. No attempts have been made to
utilize this clay here, but in chemical composition it
approaches closely to the Mount Savage clay.'


There is a tradition that the first discovery of iron
ore west of the Allegheny Mountains was made by
John Hayden in the winter of 1789-90. This state-
ment has been so often made in the writings of
Judge Veech and others without contradiction that
it has come to be almost universally regarded as
entirely authentic. That such is not the case, how-
ever, and that iron ore was known to exist in the
valley of the Youghiogheny at least nine years before
the alleged first discovery by Hayden, is proved by
an entry found in the First Survey Book of Yoho-
gania County, Va.,- and made a century ago by Col.
William Crawford, then surveyor of the said county.
The following is a copy of the entry :

"July 11, 1780.

" No. 32 — State Warrant. — Benjamin Johnston pro-
duced a State Warrant from the Land Office for five
hundred acres of land, dated the 12th day of May,
1780— No. 4926. Sixty acres thereof he locates on a
big spring in the Allegany and Laurel Hills, on the
waters of the Monongalia — and one hundred and fifty
acres of s* Warrant he locates on lands of s'' Hills,
where an old deadening and Sugar Camp was made
by Mr. Chr. Harrison, situate on the waters of Yoho-
gania, to include a Bank of Iron Ore."

The precise location of the tract referred to as in-
cluding the ore-bank is not known, nor is it material.
The quotation is giveu above merely to disprove the
long-accepted statement that the existence of iron ore
west of the AUeghenies was unknown prior to 1789.


The earliest reference to the existence of an iron
furnace in Fayette County which has been found in
any deed, record, or other docuineot is in the min-

1 The above article on the miuenil resources of Fajette Couuty is fur-
nished by Prof. J. J. Stevenson.

2 Yohogania County, as established by the Virginia Legislature in
1776, included all the northern and northeastern part of the present
county of Fayette, as has been before explaineil. The Survey Book re-
ferred to is still in existence i i a giiod state of preservation, and in pos-
session of Boyd Crumrine, Esq., of Washingtou, Pa.

utes of the June Term, 1789, of the Court of Quarter
Sessions of the county, as follows : " A view of a
Road, from the furnace on Jacob's Creek, to Thomas
Kyle's mill." And the minutes of the March Ses-
sion of 1791 mention " The petition for a road from
Jacob's Creek Iron Works, to intersect the road lead-
ing to Mr. Thomas Kyle's mill— granted."

The furnace referred to in these minutes was the
"Alliance Iron-Works" of Turnbull, Marmie & Co.
The tract on which the furnace was erected was one
of three hundred and one acres, named " Rocksbury."
It is described as " situate on Jacob's Creek, in the
county of Fayette," and was patented to William
Turnbull, of IPittsburgh, July 13, 1789.^ Two other
tracts, adjoining this, but situated on both sides of
Jacob's Creek, in Fayette and Westmoreland Coun-
ties, were patented to Turnbull at the same time.
These tracts were named "Frankford" and "Springs-
bury," and contained respectively three hundred and
one and two hundred and nineteen acres. A tract of
two hundred and twenty-three acres called " Luton,"
situated in Tyrone township, which had been patented
to Jacob Laurie, Jan. 9, 1789, was sold by the said
Laurie to William Turnbull and Peter Marmie, Oct.
9, 1791.

Turnbull had been a purchasing agent and com-
missary for the Pennsylvania troops during the Rev-
olution. After the war he became associated in
partnership with Col. John Holker and Peter Mar-

Online LibraryFranklin EllisHistory of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men → online text (page 51 of 193)