Franklin Ellis.

History of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men online

. (page 66 of 193)
Online LibraryFranklin EllisHistory of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men → online text (page 66 of 193)
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William McClelland, inn-keeper.

Lewis Marchand, doctor.

Benjamin Miller, inn-keeper.

Ewing McCleary, inn-keeper.

Jacob B. Miller, attorney.

Nathaniel Mitchell, commissioner.

Jacob Ott, hatter.

Thomas Prentice, laborer.

James Piper, attorney.

Widow Price.

John Rutter, gentleman.

James C. Seaton, inn-keeper.

Zadoc Springer, N. R.

Andrew Stewart, attorney.

Robert Skiles, merchant.

Dennis Springer's heirs.

James Shriver, gentleman.

Daniel Sturgeon, doctor.

Hugh Thompson, merchant.

Cornelius Vanderhoof, laborer.


Zadoc Walker,



s Winders



Wood, ho



West, carpenter.


am Wood,


Jacob Wood, n



s A. Yerk


The following notes appear on the page of the


in, SI 20.
in, S120.
of age, .'51211.

Stephen Becket, come in, valuation, $120.

William Carroll, b. maker, valuation, S160; come i

Jonathan Binns, s. master, valuation, SIO.

Thomas Ewin^', gentleman, come of age, S120.

Henry Haws, miller, come in. $120.

Ewina Brownlield, clerk, come of age, $120.

Samuel Winder, inn-keeper, come in, S210.

Thomas McKibbin, prothonotary, come in, §20.15.

Moses Shaw, laborer, come in, U(i.

M.atty Hall, woman from J. Beeson, SI 00.

David Mathas, laborer, single man, come in, S120.

William Brown, laborer, single, come in, S120.

Robert Hemphill, saddler, single, come in, SI20.

Jusejih McGee, blacksmith, single, come in, $60.

James Shay, tailor, come in, $120.

John Lewis, one lot, valuation, $500.

Wilson Patrick, single, come of age. $120.

Edward Gavin, baker, come in, $200.

Thomas Haymaker, blacksmith, $210.

James Cannon, hatter, come in, $200.

John Wesley Philips, single, come of age, $120.

Mike, a colored man, come in, laborer, $60.

Isaac Skiles, 1 dog, SIO.

James Morrow, tailor, single,

John Sankston, clerk, single,

Thomas McDonald, c. maker,

John McCleary, s. smith, come in, 150.

Josh McClelland, farmer, $120, S. M., come of age.

Samuel Starns, farmer, $120, come of age.

United States [?], the bank house, $2500; do. Mrs. Lyons'
house, $1200, and orchard of D., $250.

Bank of United States [?], 1 house and lot, $1200 ; 1 out-lot,

A notable event in the history of Unioutown, and
one whicli is still fresh in the memory of some of
the older eitizens of the borough, was the visit, in
May, lS2r), of the Marquis de La Fayette, who had
landed in America in the previous year, and having
extended his tour from the seaboard to the Ohio, pro-
ceeded thence eastward, across Washington County,
to the MiiiKiiioahehi, and to the county-seat of Fay-
ette. In aTitici]iation of his coming to Uniontown, a
committee of correspondence and reception was ap-
pointed, composed of Col. Samuel Evans, Thomas
Irwin, Andrew Stewart, John Dawson, and Robert
Skiles. This committee addressed a letter of invita-
tion to the nation's distinguished guest, in which
they said:
"Gen'kual La Fayette:

" The citizens of Fayette County, participating in
the universal joy ilifl'iised by your visit to the United
States, have a|i]ioiiitcil the undersigned to congratu-
late you upon ymir safe arrival, to e-xpress the grate-
ful sense they cnliTtain fir tlie brilliant services you
have rendcri'il to this luuiitry, and respectfully to say
that, if ciinviiiicnci' and inclination would permit
the extensiiiii (,r y,,ur tniir t» this part of the Union,
they woulil ildi-lil to manifest that respect and ven-
eration for ymii- |Mi> which they have always enter-
tained for your character.

" When the tie which bound us to Great Britain

was dissolved, this western country presented to the
eye of the observer a vast wilderness inhabited by
savages. It would not but be gratifying to your feel-
ings now to observe the astonishing change, the won-
derful contrast ; and be assured, sir, it would be
highly gratifying to our feelings to do honor to him
who so essentially contributed to produce our present
happy condition, to display our attachment to the
principles of the Revolution by evincing gratitude to
the one who, surrounded by the splendors of nobility
and comforts of wealth at home, risked his life and
his fortune in defense of a destitute and an oppressed
people abroad, and to express ouV- regard for the
rights of mankind by greeting with a hearty welcome
the man who has been the uniform friend of liberty
and the determined enemy of tyranny both in Europe
and America."

La Fayette having signified his acceptance of the
invitation, was met on his arrival at Washington,
Pa., by Col. Evans and other members of the Union-
town committee, who then at once sent back a com-
munication to their borough authorities as follows:

" Washington, Pa., Wednesday,
May 25, 1826, 6 o'crk P.M.

" General La Fayette arrived at 5 p.m. He will
leave this place to-morrow morning early, will break-
fast at Hillsborough, dine at Brownsville, and sup
and lodge at Uniontown. This arrangement is fixed ;
you may act with certainty."

In accordance with the arrangements above indi-
cated, the Marquis, with his son, George Washington
La Fayette, and his private secretary, Monsieur Le
Vasseur, left Washington on the morning of the 26th,
escorted by the Fayette County committee, and pro-
ceeded by way of Brownsville to Uniontown, where
the greatest enthusiasm prevailed in view of the ex-
pected arrival of the honored guest, and where very
I extensive preparations bad been made to receive him.
The borough, particularly its main street and the ap-
proaches to the court-house, had been gayly deco-
rated for the occasion with arches and evergreens ;
military companies, both infantry and artillery, were
rendezvoused there to march in column as a guard of
! honor, and all the people of the town, with great crowds
from the surrounding country, were waiting in anx-
iety and excitement to join in the acclamation which
was to greet the hero of the day.

The following account of the arrival of La Fayette
I at Uniontown and the succeeding ceremonies is from
an issue of the Genius of Liberty, published a few
days after the great event :

" On Thursday, about eleven o'clock a.m., the Hon-
orable Albert Gallatin arrived, escorted by a detach-
ment of the Fayette Guards, commanded by Capt.
Wood. He was met iu the vicinity of the town by
Capt. Beeson, at the head of the Union Volunteers,
and by them conducted to Mr. Walker's Hotel. ■ The
Voughiogheny Blues, commanded by Capt. Smith,



and the Pennsylvania Blues, commanded by Capt.
McClelland, arrived also early in the day, and the
citizens in great numbers began to throng the streets.
The artillery, under the command of Capt. Gorley,
was posted on an eminence at the west end of the
town, with orders to give notice of the approach of
General La Fayette.

" The day was uncommonly fine and pleasant.
About half-past five o'clock p.m. the General's prox-
imity to town was announced by a discharge of thir-
teen guns. The Volunteer Companies, under the
command of Major Lynch, were stationed on the
hill near the residence of the late J. Beeson. At six
the General arrived at that point, and the procession
was formed agreeably to the order previously arranged
by the marshals of the day. General La Fayette was
drawn by four elegant bays in a neat barouche; on
each horse was a postillion dressed in white with a
blue sash. George Washington La Fayette was driven
tandem by Mr. Stockton in his elegant barouche,
and Mr. Le Vasseur rode with John M. Austin, Esq.,
in a gig. The procession passed along the main street,
under the two triumphal arches, to the court-house;
here the General left his carriage and entered the pa-
vilion prepared for his reception, where he was met
by the Hon. Albert Gallatin and Gen. E. Douglass."

[Here follows a report of the address of welcome
delivered by the Hon. Albert Gallatin, the reply of
La Fayette, and the adjournment of the company to
Walker's Hotel (now the "Spottsylvania House") for
the evening's entertainment.] La Fayette and Mr.
Gallatin had been warm personal friends many years
previously, and now, after a long separation, they met
and embraced each other with an emotion and fervor
which was extremely affecting to those who witnessed

" At an early hour an elegant supper was served, of
which the General and suite and a large company of
gentlemen partook. On the right of Gen. La Fayette
was placed Gen. Douglass, on his left the Hon. Albert
Gallatin, and to the right of Gen. Douglass, Governor
Morrow (of Ohio) and his aides, and to the left of Mr.
Gallatin .Judge Baird and the Revolutionary soldiers.
After supper toasts were drank and the company re-
tired. . . .

"In the evening the whole town was illuminated.
On the following morning, at six o'clock a.m., the
General set out, in company with Mr. Gallatin, for the
residence of the latter, escorted by a number of the
Union Volunteers, mounted, the marshals, the com-
mittee of escort, and many citizens. They stopped a
few minutes at Brownfieldtown ; at Geneva the escort
was joined by the Fayette Guards, and after passing
through the town amidst a numerous assemblage of
citizens, they proceeded to the farm of Mr. Gallatin ;
here a multitude had assembled to greet the distin-
guished benefactor of the human race. Mr. Gallatin's
house was thrown open, and the great concourse which
thronged about it received from him the most atfec-

I tionate welcome. His best liquors were spread in
profusion on the tables, and great pains were taken
to give the crowd of anxious visitors an introduction

I to the General. The next day, as the General returned

I from Mr. Gallatin's, he was received in Geneva with
great enthusiasm, especially by the ladies, with the
lady of Capt. Wood at their head. They were ranged
on the sidewalk with garlands of flowers in their
hands, which they gracefully waved and strewed be-
fore him. On his arrival in LTnion he was again met
by a crowd of citizens. The ladies of Uniontown had
assembled en masse, dressed in white, and most beau-
tifully bedecked with wreaths of roses and bunches of
flowers in their hands, which they waved as he passed,

j in token of the grateful feeling with which they were
affected. After the General alighted from his carriage
he was introduced to them in the piazza of Mrs.

I Walker's house, to which they had repaired for that
purpose, and he was pleased to express much satisfac-
tion at this flattering testimony of respect. The arches
were again most splendidly illuminated throughout
the evening. ..."

j The following account, written by William Thomp-

j son, at that time a teacher in Madison College, was

i published in the National Journal of June 7, 1825 :

I " General La Fayette has paid us his promised visit ;
and truly the reception which he has had from the
people of Uniontown and his exalted countryman,
Mr. Gallatin, has been worthy of the great occasion

] which called forth such extraordinary honors.

" For several days previous to the General's arrival

t at this place, our citizens were actively engaged in
making suitable preparations. Two beautiful and
well-constructed arches were thrown across the main
street. A platform, elegantly decorated, was put up

! near the court-house, on which it was determined to
receive and address the General. The ladies of the
place seemed to vie with each other in decorating the
arches and the platform. When completed, the arch

I displayed a good share of taste and beauty. We no-
ticed on the one at the east end of the town the fol-

! lowing inscription : ' Lessons to Tyrants !' ' York
and Brandywine !' On the opposite side : 'Friends of
Freedom!' 'Washington and La Fayette.' This arch

I was surmounted with an eagle bearing the American

I flag. We also noticed on the arch at the west end of
the town the following sentiment:

" ' La Fajetec, TAmi de I'Homme ! '

, This was so placed as to take the General's eye at his
! entrance into the town. On the reverse we observed
I the following lines under the memorable date 1776 :
" ' Our choicest welcome hereby is exprrst
In heartfelt homage to the Nation's Guest.'

"It was understood the General would arrive at

Uniontown on the evening of Thursday, the 26th inst.

The Hon. Albert Gallatin, who had been invited to

I address the General on his arrival, reached town

about twelve o'clock. He was met bv the l^nion Vol-


unteers, under the command of Capt. Beeson, and en-
tered the town under a discharge of artillery. Soon
after this two other companies of volunteers arrived
from Connellsville and the vicinity. Much company
continued to arrive until five o'clock. About this time
General La Fayette, in an open carriage drawn by
four horses, with four drivers suitably attired, entered
the town. He was followed by his son. Col. George
Washington La Fayette, and Mr. Le Vasseur, private
secretary to the General, in another carriage. After-
wards followed a great number of our most respectable
citizens, in gigs and on horseback, the marshals, com-
mittee of arrangements, etc., etc. We noticed Gen.
Markle, Gen. Beeson, and several other Field OflBcers
in full uniform. As the cavalcade approached the
town thirteen rounds were fired from the Artillery.
The three companies of Volunteers also kept up a
feu dejoie.

" In passing through the main street the General
bowed repeatedly to the ladies, who were ranged at
the different windows. The townspeople and other
spectators on each side of the street remained uncov-
ered as the General passed on to the platform, near
the Court-House. There he alighted, and after re-
maining a short time, rose to receive the address of
:\Ir. Gallatin . . . After the delivery of the address
and the reply the spectators joined in three hearty
cheers to the General and the orator, who then retired
to Mr. Walker's Hotel. The evening was spent in
gaiety and hilarity. Every one who requested it had
the honor of an introduction, and the conduct of the
General was universally pleasing. After daylight the
town was illuminated in honor of its distinguished

On the morning of the 29th of May, 1825, Gen. La
Fayette, accompanied by Col. Samuel Evans and sev-
eral other members of the reception committee, with
a large cavalcade of citizens, left Uniontown and pro-
ceeded on his way to Pittsburgh. The committee ac-
companied him as far as Elizabeth town, Allegheny
Co., where the final parting took place, and he was
received by a similar committee from Pittsburgh, es-
corted by Maj.-Gen. Markle and Maj. Alexander, with
two companies of artillery.

The uniformed company of "Union Volunteers"
which took so prominent a part in the ceremonies at-
tendant on the reception to Gen. La Fayette in 1825
was formed in 1823. The first meeting for organiza-
tion was held on the 23d of August in that year, on
which occasion articles of association were adopted
and signed by the following-named persons :

John Milson.
Williuui Crawford.
George Rine.
Daniel P. Lynch.
Joseph Akens.
J.imes Piper.
James Ebert.
Joseph Faueett.
Henry Ebert.


A. Madison.
Morgan A. Miller.
David Victor.
Thomas J. Miller.
Joseph P. McClelland.
Edward Hooper.
Andrew Stewart.
Edward Hyde.
Alexander Turner.
William Walker.
Samuel M. Clement.
William Bryson.
John M. Hadden.
Thomas Greenland.
Ewing Brownfield.
Samuel Yeakle.
John Dawson.

John W. Be.'k.
William Ebert.
Henry H. Griffith.
Jesse Covert.
Caleb Chevorent.
James Hibben, Jr.
Jacob Poundstone.
Thomas Simons.
Andrew McMaster.
Abraham Beagle.
B. R. Mcrchand.
Isaac Beeson.
Hugh Campbell.
Seth Wood.
Thomas Irwin.

Andrew Craig.

Hiirdesty Walker.

William Hamilton.

John Kutter.

John Winder.

Jacob B. Miller.

R. C. Wood.

Benjamin Clark.

Matthew Clark.

Eli M. Gregg.

Thomas J. Miller.

John B. Trevor.

William Gregg

Samuel Evans.

James Shriver.

Robert Skiles.

Wilson Swain.

James A. Yerk.

Daniel Black.

Thomas Patton.

John Lewis.

Richard Beeson. Wood.

The by-laws designated the association as the
" Union Volunteers," and it was provided by Section
3 that " the members of the company shall meet for
parade at the court-house in Union town at 10 o'clock
A.M., on the fourth Saturday of August, September,
and October, the 22d of February, and 1st of May."
In October, 1823, the oflScers of the " Volunteers"
(as shown by the company roll, which is still in exist-
! ence) were : Captain, John B. Trevor ; First Lieu-
tenant, Seth Wood ; Second Lieutenant, John Lewis ;
First Sergeant, James Hibben ; Second Sergeant,
Alexander Turner; Third Sergeant, Joseph Akens;
Fourth Sergeant, Daniel Black.

And the following named were designated as the

musicians of the company: J. B. Miller, John Beck,

j William Morris, Alfred Meason, clarionet; Wm. Lee,

George Meason, John Rini, Benjamin Miller, flute;

! Edward Hoff, fifer ; William M. Mutton, side drum ;

I Thomas Bryant, bass drum.

! At a meeting of the coiupany held May 3, 1824,
j " A motion was made by Capt. John B. Trevor to
form a battalion by joining with the Fayette Blues ot
1 Brownsville and the Youghiogheny Blues of Con-
'' nellsville, if the two said companies should agree to
the same. The voice of the company being called
j for, it was agreed to by a large majority of the com-
i pany."

On the 2d of May, 1825, at a meeting of the ^
pany, it was

'•Remh-ccI, That a committee, to consist of five persons, be
I appointed to co-operate with any committee that
pointed by the Town Council to ascertain the precise
Gen. La Fayette will visit this place and to make suitable
rangements for his reception, and that they appoint some per-
son to deliver an address to him accordingly. Maj.


Hugh Campbeil, Julin Dawson, Juiiies Piper, nncl Jacob B.
Miller were tile members fixed on to compose this committee.

"Resolved, That so soon as the time of his arrival shall have
been ascertained the committee shall make it known by publi-
cation in the aciiiiis of liberty and American Ohaerver, and
shall invite the several volunteer corps of this county and the
adjoining counties to join us in welcoming the Nation's Guest."

The prominent part taken by the Volunteers (then
under command of Capt. Beeson) in the reception of
La Fayette at Uniontown has already been noticed in
the account of that event.

The company participated in an unusually grand
military display at a Fourth of July celebration held j
in the year 1826 at Uniontown, on which occasion
Col. Samuel Evans was president of the day ; Daniel
P. Lynch, vice-president ; and the Hon. Thomas Ir- j
win, orator of the day. It was one of the largest and j
most enthusiastic celebrations ever held in Fayette 1

A general muster of the military of this section |
was held near Uniontown on the 8th and 9th of Sep-
tember, 1831. The event was mentioned as follows in j
the minute-book of the Union Volunteers : |

"The companies present were the Fayette Cavalry, Capt.
William Walker; Lafayette Artillerists, Capt. Thomas Patton; ,
Youghiogheny Blues (infantry from Connellsville), Capt. Jo-
seph Rogers; Addison Blues (infantry from Smithfleld. Somer-
set Co.), Capt. Endsley ; Pennsylvania Blues (infantiy), Capt.
Allen ; Youghiogheny Greens (rifies from New Haven), Capt.
H. Blackstone: Youghiogheny Sharpshooters (rifles from
Smithfleld, Somerset Co.), Capt. Ewing; Union Volunteers
(infantry), Capt. Beeson.

■• The field-officers were Col. Samuel Evans, colonel command-
ant of the First Regiment Fayette Volunteers; Maj. Ewing
Brownfield and Moj. Jacob Murphy, of the regiment ; Joshua 1
B.Howell, adjutant; Maj. Piper, from Smithfield; Maj. -Gen. j
Henry W. Beeson, with his aides, Joseph Torrence and R. P.
Flennikin; Brig.-Gen. Solomon G. Krepps and aides, William
Mur])hy and James H. Patterson.

•• The field of parade was that owned by Lucius W. Stockton,
Esq., west of his residence, a^^jacentto the National road, which
he generously threw open for the purpose. Comfortable quar-
ters were furnished for the visiting troops by the committee.

" The troops exhibited a fine appearance and correct move-
ments. Harmony and good order prevailed during the parade.
The visiting troops were escorted into and out of town by thB I
' Union Volunteers' and ' Lafayette Artillerists,' and on their
departure expressed their high gratification with their visit, j

On the 17th of August, 1835, Joshua B. Howell was
elected captain, William B. Roberts, first lieutenant,
and William McDonald, second lieutenant of the
Union Volunteers. A grand field-parade was held at
Uniontown on the 29th and 30th of September and
1st of October in that year, of which the following
account is taken from the company record :

"The companies assembled at the grand parade were the
Union Volunteers, Capt. Howell; Bellsville Artillerists, Capt. ]
Gregg; Brownsville Artillerists, Capt. More: Mount Pleasant
Blues, under the command of its first lieutenant : Youghiogheny

Blues, Capt. White; Fayette Cavalry, Capt. Oliphant: Monon-
gahela Cavalry, Capt. Simonson.

'* The companies assembled in parade order on Tuesday, at
10 A.M., when Col. W. Rediok assumed the command, assisted
by Lieut.-Col. Phillips, Majs. Morly and Francis, and by Adjt.
Brownfield. The troops were marched out of town to the
meadow near the bridge, at the west end of the borough, the
property of James Todd, politely offered to the military by the
proprietor, where the usual military evolutions were performed,
when the corps was received by Maj. -Gen. Johns, with his aides,
Majs. Flennikin, Jackson, and Gardner. On the last day of
the parade (Thursday) the visiting troops were escorted out of
town by the Union Volunteers; great good will and harmony
characterized the 'three great days.'"

The officers of the company elected Aug. 1.5, 1842,
were: Captain, William McCleary ; First Lieutenant,
Francis L. Wilkinson; Second Lieutenant, John

The following transcript from the company record
shows the action taken by the Volunteers at a meeting
held at Uniontown, Tuesday, Nov. 24, 1846, viz. :

" Whereas a call has been made by the President of the United
States for one infantry regiment of volunteers to serve in the
Mexican war, and the Union Volunteers being called out to know
if they will ofi'er their services,

" We, the subscribers, members of the Union Volunteers and
others, hereby agree and do offer our services to the President
of the United States to serve as members of the Union Volun-
teer Company, if it shall raise the requisite number, and under
its present officers, to serve to the end of the Mexican war
unless sooner discharged.

'• Witness our hands this 24th day of November, 1846 : Capt.
Samuel S. Austin, M. S. Stanley, Edmund Beeson, John B.
Gorley, Robert W. Jones, R. Skiles Austin, Richard Irwin,
Auizi S. Fuller, Thomas R. Davidson, George D. Swearingen,
Eli M. Gregg, Absalom Guiler, Edmund Rine, W. B. West, John
McCuen, Alfred Howell, John Sturgeon, J. R. Cr.awford, Joshua
B. Howell, John Sutton, C. H. Beeson, R. M. Walker, W. P.
Wells. W. W. Smith, R. T. Galloway, Benjamin Desilems, Evan
Shriver, Elijah Sader, A. M. Gorley, William Freeman, Abraham

The Union Volunteers did not, as a company, enter
the United States service, but many of its members
went to Mexico in Capt. Quail's company of Col.
William B. Roberts' regiment, as noticed in the gen-
eral military history of the county.

In 185.5 the company took the name of "Cameron
L^nion Volunteers," in compliment to the Hon. Simon
Cameron, from whom, in consequence, it received the
gift of a beautiful silk flag, with a fine sword to each
of the commissioned officers. The presentation speech
was made by Alfred Patterson, in behalf of Mr. Cam-
eron, and was responded to by Capt. C. E. Swearingen
for the company.

In December, 1857, the Volunteers passed a resolu-
tion tendering their services to the President of the
United States to serve in Utah against the Mormons.
The tender was signed by Capt. C. E. Swearingen and
twenty-three other members of the company; but
their services were not required.

On the 11th of December, 1858, Andrew Stewart,


Jr., was elected' captain of the company, and Peter
Heck first lieutenant.

The last record of any business connected with the

Online LibraryFranklin EllisHistory of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men → online text (page 66 of 193)