Franklin Ellis.

History of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men online

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company, is a return roll dated June 6, 1859. This
roll contains the names of fifty-six members, in-
cluding Capt. Andrew Stewart, Jr., Peter Heck, first
lieutenant, Thomas Brownfield, second lieutenant,
Thomas M. Fee, orderly sergeant.

On the back of the last entry (June H, 1859) in the
record-book of the Union Volunteers is written,
without date or signature, the following remark :

" Thus ends the career of one of the oldest and best
companies ever organized under the militia ordinance.
Many of the members have awakened the patriotism
of senators and representatives of their country, and
left names which gild the history of their country,
and some have left their bones to bleach on the bat-
tle-grounds of Mexico."

FACTS FROM THE BOROUGH RECORDS.

The oldest volume of borough records now in ex-
istence commences with the date Monday, May 16,
1842, It appears that before this time (1842) the
borough authorities had decided to build a new mar-
ket-house on a site other than that occupied by the
old one, which had been in use for many years. It
stood on a lot south of and adjoining Thomas Collins'
hotel property. It was a frame building, about twenty-
five by fifty feet in dimensions, not divided into stalls,
but rented by the borough to four occupants. Ever-
ard Bierer, Elijah Grossman, Lewis Mabley, and
others rented it in this way. When the Council re- j
solved to build a new market-house in place of this
old one the heirs of Thomas Collins regarded this ac-
tion as a vacation of the old premises, and accord- '
ingly claimed the property. In relation to this ijues-
tion the Council resolved, on the 6th of June, 1842,
" That the burgess and Joseph Riley be appointed to
wait on A. Stewart, Esq., to see what are his views
with respect to the ground on which the market-
house now stands, and report at the next meeting."
No report of this committee is found, and on the 2d !
of January, 184.3, Messrs. Crawford and Bierer were
appointed a committee " to wait on A. Stewart & Co.
relative to the market-house, to ascertain what he
will give to [have the borough?] abandon the present
location of the market-house."

The controversy as to the old market-house site
appears to have continued for some years, for in
I

I The l^ist entry in the company book shows that \ndrew Stewart Jr , I
was elected laptim of the Camcrtn I nion Vduntcei-s Dec 11 Iv s '

record iiii il f i t tli it ( i[t fh ii u 'M le I 1 i it im i si u ^u d
by Govern 1 \\il MM 1 Pi 1 ti ,i 1 1 ,1 1 In, I 1- i re itiii^ that
" Thomas M I e, hem,, iuh clectel ii 1 t 1 I li iLmmis

aioned Captain of the Cameron Uui \ I niformed

31ilitla of the Commonwealth of Penn 1 Bii^ade

of the l"th DiMsion, composed of the 01 I I aunties

of Westmoreland, Fa\ette 'Washingt n mi ( r \t the sime

time C E Swearingen was comnubSloned brigadier genelil '



April, 1844, F. Bierer was appointed by the Council
" to investigate the facts in reference to the suit ex-
pected with A. Stewart for the old market-house
property." And again, in the records of the Council,
Jan. 28, 1851, is found that, in reference to "Andrew
Stewart vx. the Burgess and Town Council of Union
Borough in case of the Old Market-House," it was
ordered that James Veech be paid .§15 for services as
attorney for the borough. Finally the land in ques-
tion became the property of Mr. Stewart.

The matter of the erection of a new market-house
came up at a meeting of the Council on the 14th of
March, 1843, when, on motion of William B. Roberts,
the following preamble and resolution were adopted,
viz. : " Whereas, owing to the rapid increase of our
Borough, it is believed to be necessary, for the con-
venience of our Citizens, that there should be Two
Market-houses, and resolved, therefore, that we erect
an additional Market-House on the Public Ground
deeded to the Citizens of Jacob's First and Second
Additions by Jacob Beeson (deceased). Passes unani-
mously." It was also " Resolved, that a committee of
three be appointed to draft plans for the New Market-
House." At a meeting of the Council on the 23d of
March it was resolved "That the Draft handed in by
W. B. Roberts for a Market-House, to be Sixty feet
long and twenty-four feet wide, be adopted." W. B.
Roberts, John Bradbury, and James Veech were ap-
pointed a committee " to perfect the plan, and with
power to contract for building a market-house."

On the 24th of April, the same year, the Council
resolved " That the petition of sundry citizens tor a
delay of confirming and accepting the proposals for
building the market-house be laid on the table." At
the same meeting it was resolved " that the building
committee enter into an agreement with Barry at
once to build the market-house." On the 2d of May
following, the Council "adjourned to view the public
ground where the market-house is to be built, and re-
solved that the house be built so as to run from east
to west." On a review of the ground " Took a re-
consideration of the resolution, and resolved That it
be built so as that the northeast corner be six ieet
from Arch Street and eighteen feet from Market or
South Street."

A contract was made by this committee with Rob-
ert L. Barry to build the new house at $1350, and on
the 7th of August, 1843, it was ordered by the Council
" That Robert L. Barry be paid $350, first payment
on the New Market-House," the building being then
under roof, according to contract. Later payments
were made to him as follows, viz. : Oct. 2, 1843, second
payment, §350 ; Nov. 10, 1843, $650, in full of the
contract. On the 1st of January, 1844, a bill of
$138.60 was allowed to him for extra work. August
7, 1843, it was ordered that A. G. Crusen be paid $40
for materials and work done in repairing the old
market-house.






^m-'^frW



L^



^sri'-*



UNIONTOWN BOROUGH.



299



On the 16th of November (1843) the Council in-
vited proposals " for plastering the whole of the up-
stairs of the Market-House." It was ordered that
two chimneys be built and two stoves procured.
When finished, the upper part of the new house was
used for a Council room. In December of the same
year William Ebbert was appointed " to take charge
of the Town Hall and Market-House." In 1844 he
was appointed market-master at a salary of $65 per
annum.

The market stalls were in the south end of the
present building. They were eight in number, open-
ing from the main passages by arches about six feet
wide, and were rented by the year at 115 per year.
Jacob Ott was market-master from 1845 to 1847, in-
clusive ; John Rutter, weigh-master and market-mas-
ter in 1848 ; and G. D. McClellan in 1849-51. Rutter
received for his services as market-master $25, and as
weigh-master, two-fifths of the fees of the hay-scales
and coal sufficient for his own use."

The old hay-scales were erected in 1835, as appears
from the following action taken by the Council March
13, 1844, viz. : " The Committee on Hay Scales re-
ported that he could not find that there had been any
order issued to L. W. Stockton on account of pay-
ments made by him for erecting the same ; Therefore
Resolved, that whereas the Council having agreed to
appropriate the sum of twenty-five dollars in the year
1835 towards erecting the Hay Scales, and no evi-
dence appearing that it had been paid over to said
Stockton, it was therefore Ordered, that L. W. Stock-
ton shall be entitled to a credit of twenty-five dol-
lars, with nine years' interest on same up to this date,
amounting in all to $38.50."

On the 27th of May, 1842, the Council awarded to
David Veech one hundred and fifty dollars, and to C.
B. Snyder two hundred and fifty dollars, for damages
sustained by the opening of Fayette Street. In 1843
an. election was held to ascertain the minds of the
voters on the proposed opening of certain thorough-
fares, viz. : Union Street, Brant's Alley, and Turner's
Alley. A majority was found to be against such
opening.

Tlie placing of the town clock in the court-house
tower resulted from the following action of the Coun-
cil, July 26, 1847 :

" The petition of two hundretl and upwards of tlie Citizens of
the Borough of Uniontown, praying that Council purchase a
Town Clocli for the Borough, to he placed in the cupola of the
■ Court-House, with other papers relating to the same, was pre-
sented. On motion. Resolved, That the sum of five hundred
dollars be and same is hereby appropriated to purchase a Town
Clock with three faces and hands, to be placed in the new Court-
House for the use of the Borough, which resolution was carried
unanimously.

"On motion, a committee of three, consisting of Bailey, Bee-
son, and Barton, were appointed to carry into effect the above
resolution by making all necessary inquiries, purchasing clock,



afterwards placed in its present position in the court-
house tower.

In 1859 the Council ordered the widening of a nar-
row lane known as Middle Alley to a breadth of forty
feet from Main to Penn Street, to form the thorough-
fare now known as Broadway. The opening, however,
was not then accomplished, and the matter rested
until January, 1867, when it was revived. The new
plan was to open the street to the width of the Harah
lot. In the summer of that year an agreement was
made with Mrs. Harah for the purchase of the lot at
$1800, and with Jonathan G. Allen for his lot at
$200. On the 10th of September, 1867, the commit-
tee on streets were authorized " to notify Mrs. Harah
to vacate the premises now occupied by her, and to
remove the materials on the same by the 20th of Oc-
tober, 1867, and that said committee take out an order
from court for opening the new street over the same ;"
but this order was not carried into effect. In the
spring of 1868, Dr. Smith Fuller purchased the lot,
the old buildings of Mrs. Harah were demolished,
and Broadway was laid out as it exists at the present
time.

LIST OF BOROUGH OFFICERS.

The first officers of the borough of Uniontown at its
incorporation (1796) were Ephraim Douglass, bur-
gess; Joseph Huston, Thomas Collins, assistants;
Jacob Knapp, high constable. For a period of forty-
five years succeeding that time no list can be given,
for the reason that all the borough records prior to
the year 1842 were destroyed by fire. The following
list of borough officers includes those who have been
elected and served from that year until the present
time, viz. :



The clock was accordingly purch;



and soon



1842. P. N. Hook.

1843. Samuel McDonald.

1844. John H. Deford.

1845. William Bailey.

1846. Jonathan D. Springer

1847. Daniel Smith.

1848. William Stumph.
1849-50. M. W. Irwin.

1851. William P. Wells.

1852. S. Duncan Oliphant.
1S53. Daniel Smith.

1854. B. F. Hellen.

1855. Ethelbert P. Oliphant

1856. Benjamin F. Ilellen.

1857. C. E. Swearingen.
1858-59. Jesse B. Ramsey.



W. B. Roberts.
Joseph Wiley.
Frederick Bierer.
William Crawford.
D. H. Phillips.
John Bradbury.
Isaac Wood.
Daniel Huston.
C. <;. Page.



1860. Jesse

1861. Jame

1862. Arms



B. Ramsey,
s G. Johnson,
trong Hadden.



A. Haldeman.

W. K. Minor.

W. K. Minor,
mes D. Ramsey.
1867-69. Marshall N. Lewis.
1870-72. Marshall N. Lewis.

1873. John Holmes.

1874. Marshall N. Lewis.



1865.
1866.



-76.



He«



1877. George W. Foulkes.

1878. George W. Foulkes.

1879. George W. Foulkes.
18S0-81. Ale.\-ander MoCle



184.-!. James Piper.

Alfred MoClelLand.

John Mustard.
1844. Armstrong Hadden.

William Reddick.

Smith Fuller.
1345. Isaac Beeson.

Samuel T. Lewis.

William Wilson.



HISTORY OF FAYETTE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA.



Jesse King.
W. D. Barclay.
George Meason.
Ellis Bailey.
Zalmon Luddington.
William Ebbert.
William Maquilkin.
Levi Downer.
William Stone.
J. L. Wylie.
E. B. Dawson.
John Keffer.
Eleazer Robinson.
E. D. Oliphant.
Robert Boyle.
Alfred McClelland.
John W. Phillips.
John Cannon.
Daniel Downer.
W. W. Stumph.
Charles King.
Clement Wood.

E. Baily Dawson.

F. C. Robinson.
Ellis B. Dawson.
John W. Barr.
J. K. Ewing.
Ewing Brownfield.
D. M. Springer.
Benjamin F. Hellen.
William Doran.

J. A. Downer.
, Charles H. Beeson.

F. C. Robinson.

R. G. Hopwood.

William Maquilkin.
, Daniel Smith.

R. Miller.

R. Bunting.

J. C. Rcdburn.

J. Skiles, Jr.
, J. Skiles, Jr.

F. C. Robinson.

John Collins.

C. E. Swearingen.
. Frederick Bierer.

J. L. Redburn.

John S. Harah.

J. H. Springer.
. Daniel Smith.

Ellis Bailey.

N. Browuliekl.
. L. D. Beall.

M. N. Lewis.

J. K. Ewing.
. William Beeson.

Andrew B. Brysoo.

D. Downer.

. E. B. Wood.

Ellis Bailey.

William Doran.
. Charles S. Seaton.

E. G. Roddy.



164. William A. Donaldson.
;65. William D. Barclay.

James T. Gorley'.

Eleazer Robinson.
!66. Thomas U. Lewis.

Hugh L. Rankin.

Thomas King.
!67. Ellis B. Dawson.

G. W. K. Minor.

Charles H. Beeson.

568. William A. Donaldson.
Thomas King.
Charles H. Rush.

569. William Doran.
Daniel Downer.
Ellis Bailey.

G. W. K. Minor.

Thomas (t. King.

J. I. Gorley.
370. John H. McClelland.

John Jones.
372. G. W. K. Minor.

Smith Fuller.

Flavius D. Titlo.

Thomas Prentice.
573. Smith Fuller.

A. E. Willson.

C. H. Livingston.

S. M. Baily.

J. M. Hadden.

William Thorndell.
374. Smith Fuller.

William Beeson.

R. Knight.

William Thorndell.

J. M. Oglevee.

J. V. A. Donaldson.

Daniel Kane.'
S75. Smith Fuller.

Isaac Mcssmore.

Ellis Biuley.

W. n. WiUielm.

James T. Gorley.

Daniel Kaine.

876. Henry Delany.
William Hunt.
J.ihn X. Dawson.
John K. Beeson.
Ellis Bailey.

P. McClure.

877. Alpheus Beall.
William Hunt.
William A. Donaldson,
Thomas Hadden.

W. H. Rutter.
Thomas Jaquett.

878. William Hunt.
Thomas Hadden.

B. M. Bailey.
Joseph White.
Frank Stevens.
Addison R. Palmer.

879. Joseph White.

ancy caused by death of Willia



B. McCormick. 1880. Edward Cronin.



George L. West.
Addison R. Palmer.
Edward Cronin.
Smith Fuller.
William B. McCormick.
Ellis Bailey.



Tho



Hadde



Ellis B. Snyder.
William B. McCormick.
Albert G. Beeson.
Henry Nabors.
Alonzo P. Bowie.
J. W. Miller.
John Manaway.



CLERKS OF COUNCIL.

1796. Samuel King. 1848-49. A. 0. Pattersoi

1842-45. George W. Rutter. , 1S50-52. G. T. Greenlan

1845. C. B. Snyder. 1 1853-77. George W. Rul

1846-47. James Piper. ' 1877-81. -Thomas Fenn.



1840. .lames Lindsey.

Clement Wood.
1845. Daniel Smith.

William W. Stumph
1850. James A. Morris.

Daniel Smith.
1855. John L. Means.



JUSTICES OF THE PE.\CFJ.

1860. Daniel Smith.

1861. Jonathan D. Springer.'

1862. T. A. Haldeman.
1865. Marshall N. Lewis.'
1S67. T. A. Haldeman.
1S69. John Holmes.3



FIRE DEPARTMENT.
I The borough of Uniontowii has had fire apparatus
I and companies for the extinguishment of fires* for
nearly eighty years. The earliest record showing this
fact is found in the minutes of the commissioners of
I Fayette County, under date of Jan. 28, 1802, viz. :
" A committee, Jonathan Rowland, James Allen, and
j John Stigers, appointed by the Burge.sses of Union
Town ti) asrertain what sum the commissioners of the
county will iniitribute for the purchase of a fire-
engine fur the use of the town, this day made appli-
cation to the commissioners."

The commissioners agreed to report their views to
the committee at the next meeting of the board, and
cm the oth of February they "agreed to contribute
lor the purchase of a fire-engine for the use of the
borough of Union Town one hundred dollars, if a
suin sufficient (with the said sum of one hundred dol-
lars) is raised from the borough to purchase an engine.
The contribution is made expressly upon the condi-
tion that if an ciiLnne is not purchased and procured
for the use of the borough that the burgesses and
inhabitants of the borough will be responsible to the
county commissioners for that sum."

On the 17th of September, 1802, the record shows:
" Order issued in favor of burgesses of the borough of
Union Town for one hundred dollars for engine," by
which it appears that the engine was purchased. No
, other official record dating between that time and the
I year 1842, touching fire department matters, is known
to exist, but in the Genius of Liberty of Aug. 15,
1828, is found this notice: "The Union Fire Company
will meet at the court-house, in the borough of Union



1 Holmes and Lew



ill in office to date (18S1).

ompany existed in Uniontown .is early as 1798,



UNIONTOWN BOROUGH.



301



Town, on the last Saturday of August, at two o'clock
P.M.," the object of the meeting not being stated. It
is recollected by old citizens that at about the time
referred to, William Salter was captain of the Union
Fire Company.

The "Madison" engine was purchased about 1841,
and a company organized for it, mainly by the efforts
of Dr. Hamilton Campbell, Alfred McClellan, Ewing
Brownfield, and Amos Frisbee. A house was erected
for it soon afterwards. The borough records show
that on June 11, 1842, the Council " Resolved, that
the Madison Engine and Hose, with apparatus, be
placed under the control and entire direction of the
company;" and' " Resolved, that D. H. Phillips be
added to the committee already appointed for the
purpose of ascertaining a location for building an
engine-house for Madison Engine and Hose Com-
pany ;" and also " Resolved, that this committee wait
on the school directors and ascertain whether an
engine-house of frame can be built on the public
ground belonging to the school directors; and if it
can, go on and receive proposals for building the
same ; and if it cannot, then ascertain where a proper
location can be obtained, and report at next meeting
of Council." On the 4th of July the committee re-
ported that a meeting of the school directors had been
held, at which they approved the erection of the
engine-house on their grounds. On the 8th of October
in the same year the Council resolved " that a com-
mittee be appointed to select a site for the erection of
an engine-house," and that F. Bierer, P. N. Hook,
A. McClellan, and W. Ebbert be added to the build-
ing committee. And on the 5th of December it was
" Ordered, that the committee appointed to build the
engine-house for the Madison Engine have an order
for ninety-one dollars and twenty-eight cents, being
the amount in full for building the same."

An old engine-house whicli had been used by the
Union Company stood on a lot now belonging to the
Downer heirs. This building was sold and removed
in 1844 by order of the borough Council.

In 1845, March 20th, it was resolved by the Council
" That the sum of $500 be and is hereby appropriated
for the purpose of purchasing a suction-engine and
seven hundr.ed feet of hose, and if the said sum is not
sufficient, that such further sum as may be necessary
be and is hereby appropriated." Alfred McClellan,
James Piper, and William B. Roberts were appointed
a committee " to procure a loan and purchase suction-
engine, hose, etc." They reported, April 28th, to the
Council, exhibiting a listof prices of engines in Phil-
adelphia, which prices being much higher than was
anticipated, the committee was discharged from fur-
ther duty in the matter.

In this year (March 31st) a night-watchman was
appointed for the borough. Numerous fires occurred
about this time, and rewards were offered by the
Council for the apprehension of incendiaries.

The available supply of water being insufficient in



case of fire, it was proposed to construct a reservoir
of sufficient capacity for thatpurpose, and on the 17th
of May (1845) a committee of the Council was ap-
pointed " to ascertain the cost of a cistern of brick to
' hold seven thousand gallons, and the feasibility of
filling it from Beeson's race." In October this com
mittee was discharged and another appointed to ascer-
tain the cost of constructing a cistern of fifteen thou-
' sand gallons' capacity, to be built of brick laid in hy-
draulic cement. Since that time cisterns have been
constructed at the court-house, and at Morgantown
! and Foundry Streets. These and the old mill-race
! which runs through the town furnish the principal
I water supply for the engines in case of fire.

In 1851 tlie Council appointed a committee to con-
j fer with the school directors, and to build another
engine-house. On the 5th of April that committee
made a partial report to the effect that they had se-
lected a site for the building "on the public ground
on which the market-house is situated." The report
j was accepted, and the committee directed to proceed
to build it. On the 25th of the same month a petition
j of citizens of Uniontown was presented, asking the
! Council " to change the phiii for building the engine-
j house from one story to twn stmits, so as to enlarge
] tlie town hall." This i)ctiti(>n was hiid on the table,
I and the committee "directed to go on under the orig-
inal plan."
i In June, 1850, a "crab-carriage" was ordered pur-
chased for the Madison Kiiuin... On the 27th of
June, 1857, the "old riab lor(('-|.uiii|)" was ordered
to be sent to Mr. lleil.irtson lor rc|.airs. On the 31st
of May, 1859, the fire companies petitioned the Coun-
cil " to purchase another crab for the use of the com-
panies." Nothing appears of record to show whether
the purchase was made or not.

On the 7th of June, 1859, the following-named citi-
zens were appointed by the Council to form "bucket
lines" at fires : Everard Bierer, Jr., Eleazer Robin-
son, A. Hadden, J. K. Ewing, J. B. Howell, and
, Alfred Howell. May 4, 1867, the Council ordered
i that two hundred and fifty feet of hose, with fifty
blue and fifty red buckets, be purchased for the engine
companies.

In 1875 the borough authorities ordered the pur-
chase of a steam fire-engine. It was purchased at
$4400 from C. Ahrens & Co., and is the " Keystone"
steamer which is still in use. The company to work
and have charge of this steamer was organized in
1877, with the following-named charter members :
C. H. Rush, S. M. Bailey, Joseph M. Hadden, W.
H. Wilhelm, Samuel Cooper, Jr., George B. Rutter,
C. H. Seaton, J. W. Jones, J. M. Messmore, Joseph
Ketter, J. K. Beeson, W. M. Brownfield, A. G. Beeson,
John G. Stevens, W. M. Hunt, Ed. Cronin, John H.
Delaney, John Batton, K. B. Moore. The present
officers of the company are:
S. M. Bailey, captain.
Alpheus Beall, president.



HISTORY OF FAYETTE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA.



A. G. Beeson, chief engineer.
I. J. Manning, assistant engineer.

POST-OFFICE.

Tlie exact date of the first establishment of a post-
office at Uuioutown is not known. Tradition places ;
it at 1795,' with Benjamin Campbell as the first post-
master. Gen. Ephraim Douglass, in a letter written
from Uniontown in February, 1784, said, " I have j
been here seven or eight weeks without one opportu-
nity of writing to the land of the living."

Judge Veech, in his " IMonongaliela of Old,"
says there was no post-oflice in Fayette County till
after the close of the Whiskey Insurrection (1794).
In 180.5 there were but four offices in the county,
viz. : at Uniontown, Brownsville, Connellsville, and ,
New Geneva. This is learned from Postmaster-Gen- i
eral Granger's instructions to postmasters in that year.
At that time Thomas Collins was postmaster in Union-
town, having the office at his hotel, corner of Main j
and Morgantown Streets, where it wa.s kept till 1807.
Whether he remained postmaster after the removal !
of the oflBce from that place is not known. He was |
succeeded by John Campbell,^ who held the office !
till about 1836. Of his successors the following names
have been obtained from newspapers of different j
dates, viz. : Matthew Irwin (1836^0), William Mc- j
Donald (1841-45), Daniel Smith (184.5-16), Armstrong
Hadden (1846-49), J. W. Beazel, H. L. Eankin, J. j
H. Springer, P. Heck, Peter A. Johns (1870-76),
Marietta Johns, 1876 to the present time.

THE MAIL ROBBERY BY DR. BRADDEE.

One of the most remarkable mail robberies — or

rather series of mail robberies — ever committed in

1 It is made cei-tain that there was a post-offlce at Uniontown in that
year by the following notice, found in the Western Telefjraphe, of Wasli-
ingtoD, Pa., of date Nov. 3, 1795, viz.:



in the Post-Office, Union Town :

iiTi^^um, Jacob Bennet, Alexander Colwell,
urol, Alexander Duncan, Jacob Eckmau,
liianet, J.ames Gibson, Ungh Hamilton,



Ross, Rev. Robert Warwick." Ko iiusluiaster's name is attached to

s A letter fonnd in the letter-book of the old Union Bank of Penn
vania is copied and given below as showing the infrequency of the r
service in this section of country even as late as the date indicated:



Online LibraryFranklin EllisHistory of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men → online text (page 67 of 193)