Franklin Ellis.

History of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men online

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of Dr. Benjamin Stephens, which occurred January
3d, four days previous to the issue of that paper, at his
residence near Uniontown. At the date of the paper
just mentioned, Jan. 7, 1813, it was published by
James Lodge, at two dollars per annum. It is not
known who edited it at that time, nor how much
longer it was continued.

The Aiiierieiiii Telegraph was first published in
Brownsville, in 1814, by John Bouvier, who then first
settled in that place. In April, 1818, he removed
this paper to Uniontown, and united it with The
Genius of Libert//, publishing the paper for a while
under the combined names, but eventually dropping
that of Amrrlr,,,, Trlcf/raph.

The Tn,v/,r„ I!.y;,/rr was first published by Robert
Fee, in Washington, Pa., in 1816. A year or two
later he removed to Fayette County, and commenced
the publication of the paper in Uniontown. One
number is yet in preservation, and is dated March 10,
1823, No. 49, Vol. VI. This copy is a four-column
folio, and has for its motto " Virtuous Liberty."

Tlie Peiiiisi/lvania Democrat, now the Republican
St'iinhinl. was established in Uniontown in the month
ol' Aii-nst, 1827, by Jacob B. Miller. The first num-
lier was i>sued from a building on Main Street, the
>itt' of whieii is now occupied by the residence and
lianlware->tore of Zadoc B. Springer. The Demo-
eral was founded as the advocate of the re-election of
John Quincy Adams, of whose administration it was
an ardent supporter. It was also outspoken against
Masonry. The foreman of the paper was David S.
Knox, a gentleman of education and culture, who
subsequently became cashier of the Monongahela
Bank of Brownsville, a trust which he worthily dis-
charged lor many years and until his death. In
1829, Mr. .^liller desired to go West, and he prevailed
upon J. C. S. Gotf and Samuel L. Yarrell, printers in
his employ, to assume charge of the paper and conduct
it on their own responsibility during his absence, the
profits resulting therefrom to inure to their own bene-
fit. They did so, but they never owned the Democrat,
only managed and edited it during the absence of Mr.
Miller. Mr. Goff writes that the venture did not prove
lucrative,astherewasatthatperiod very little job-work
(U- advertising. Of all the business houses in Union-
town not one out of five was rejiresented in the col-



UNIONTOWN BOROUGH.



307



umns of the Democrat, while most of the advertising
patronage consisted of legal notices, the publication
of which was required by law. The subscription
list numbered about five hundred, many of whom re-
garded lightly their financial obligations to the printer.
At the time of its establishment, and for a number of
years thereafter, the Democrat was a six-column folio,
price $2.50 per year. In the spring of 1830, Yarrell
& Goff were succeeded by Jacob B. Miller and John
F. Beazell.

Job S. Golf was born in Harrison County, Va.,
Ai)ril 12, 1807. He came of the family of Gofis who
emigrated to that State from Massachusetts in 1790.
Both his grandfathers served in the Revolutionary
war. His father was an officer of note in the war of
1812, and subsequently served several terms in both
branches of the Virginia Legislature, being a member
of the Senate at the time of his death. Job S. Goff
served his apprenticeship as a printer in the office of
the Clarksburg, Va., Intelligencer. After his retire-
ment from the Democrat he dealt in live-stock for a
year or two, when he went to Waynesburg, Greene Co.,
Pa., and established the Greene County Republican,
which flourished during the anti-Masonic excitement.
He supported Ritner for Governor, and Solomon G.
Krepps, of Brownsville, for member of the State
Senate. After the election the paper failed through
want of patronage. During the period in which he
was editor and publisher, Mr. Goff succeeded, after
I considerable expense and trouble, in getting up a
river improvement convention, the object being to
adopt measures looking toward the improvement, by
locks and dams, of the navigation of the Mononga-
hela River from Pittsburgh to Morgantown. Mr.
Goff 's large acquaintance with many prominent citi-
zens of Virginia and Pennsylvania enabled him to
obtain a generous response in delegates. The con-
vention was held at Greensboro', Greene Co., and was
an emphatic success. At this writing Mr. Goff is
living at Bellefontaine, Ohio. In 1861 he and two
sons enlisted from Ohio in the Union army. After
two years' service Mr. Goff was wounded and sent
home, since when he has been a partial cripple and
unable to work.

Samuel L. Yarrell was born in Menallen township,
Fayette Co., Jan. 14, 1809. He learned printing in
the office of the Democrat. In 1820 he removed to
Highland County, Ohio, and died Sept. 0, 1855, near
Morris, Grundy Co., 111.

The Democrat remained in the posse-ssion of Miller
& Beazell until about 1834, when it was sold to
Samuel and William McDonald, brothers, who either
jointly or singly retained ownership until 1844. Stray
copies of the paper, of different dates within this
period, show that during a part of the time it was
published by S. & W. McDonald, and during the re-
mainder of the time,' apparently from 1838 down, by
S. McDonald alone. While the latter was editor and
publisher, and towards the close of Iiis administra-



tion, he changed the name of the paper to the Union-
town Weekly Democrat and Fayette County Advertiser.
When this change was made and how long the name
was retained it is impossible to accurately determine,
because of the absence of files of the paper and ina-
bility to obtain reliable data bearing on this point.
That the name existed, however, is shown by a copy
of the paper now before the writer, dated April 23,
1844, Vol. XVII., No. 36. The general impression is
that the name was not long retained.

In the summer of 1844, Thomas Foster came from
Harrisburg and bought the Democrat from Samuel
McDonald, and it may have been that he restored the
original name. When John F. Beazell retired from
the paper in 1834 he went to Cookstown. In the great
conflagration of 1845 in Pittsburgh he lost most of
his property, which consisted principally of a stock
of glass. Returning to Uniontown in the spring of
1846, he bought from Thomas Foster a half-interest
in the Democrat. It was not a great while afterward
that Mr. Foster disposed of the remaining half to a
company, and eventually Mr. Beazell became sole
owner of the entire paper, at the head of which he
remained until March 1, 1866. Tlie Demnrrat under
Mr. Beazell became the advocate of tlir I'linciples of
the American or Know-Nothing I'Mitx, and as evi-
dence of its sympathy with and advocacy of them
the name of the paper was changed on Nov. 18, 1854,
to the American Standard. When a couple of years
later the Republican party was born the Standard
became a supporter of its principles, to which it has
ever since remained true, with the exception of a few
months in 1878, when Jacob B. Miller carried it tem-
porarily into the Greenback camp. Throughout the
Rebellion it never swerved in its fealty to the Union
or its support of the men and measures of the Repub-
liean party. On Mareh 1. ISllC, Mr. iMa/rll sold the
,St,i„d,u-d to A. W. lioyd and .lames ( 1. .lohnstou.

John F. Beazell was born in Alleglieny ('ounty. Pa.,
Jan. 1, 1805. He graduated at Madison College,
Uniontown, with honor and distinction. He died in
Uiiiontown, Aug. 31, 1876. During a considerable
part of his ownership of the Standard he was ably
assisted in both the mechanical and editorial depart-
ments by his son, Col. John W. Beazell.

Boyd & Johnson controlled the paper jointly until
Dec. 12, 1866, when Mr. Johnson bontrht the interest
of his partner. About May 1, Isc,;. Mi-. .Inlmson sold
a half-interest to Jacob P.. Miller, who pass,,! its con-
trol and profits over to his hall-brother, William H.
Miller. In the spring of 1868, Jacob B. Miller bought
the remaining half, and William H. Miller became
the nominal proprietor and joint editor with the
former. The Standard remained under their control
until March 21, 1879, when, Jacob B. Miller having
died, and William H. Miller having become sole
editor and proprietor, it was consolidated with the
Fayette County Republican, under the' name of the
Rcpiiblicaii Standard.



HISTORY OF FAYETTE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA.



The Frnjrffr Cmntii RrpiihUcrin was founded June 6,
]S78, l.y .Tnln, S. Kiu-noiir and William J. Rush, in
the intci-i'^tsof tliciii^chcs and the Re|uihliean party,
the ShiH.hi,:! Lrin- at that tiiii.- pulili^hcil in the in-
terest (,f (JiviailKn-ki-ni. Alter the- death of Jacob
•B. Miller, uhirh nrrmivd in T'Mionlou,,, I),t. 0,
1878, the Sfitinhir,! returned to llepnldiean prinei-
ples. The consnli.lalion spnlcen of lolh.we,!, and the
new iirni was known as Miller, Itnsh .^ Kilennur. the
latterheeniuin-writin-editor,whieh pusitinn he Idled

G. C. MeKni-ht hon.irht the half-interest of William
H. Miller, whose place in the firm-name he also took.
June 11, 1881, Rush & Ritenour disposed of their
half to John K. Ewing;, Jr., and Orrin J. Sturgis, and
a few days later Mr. McKnight sold to them his in-
terest.

From the incejition of the Pennsijlvania Daiuirrat
until his death Jtieob P>. Miller was, during almost
all the admiinstrations, a contributor to the eilitorial
columns of the |)aper. He was an indeiiendent thinker,
and a strong, forcible, and fearless writer. The free-
dom with wdiieh he expressed his opinions got him
into trouble more than once. He was ndteil lor his
rare power of invective, a faculty which he handled
when occasion seemcl to demand it nnhe-ilal inglv
and with great ed'ect. ^Iv. Miller was horn in rninn'-
town, Feb. I'l, 17;i!l. (iradn.ating at the Wa^liin-tuii,
Pa., College, he adopted law as his pn.lessinn, l,nt
confirmed dyspepsia compelled him to forego the sed-
entary life of a lawyer, and prevented him from reach-
ing any degree of eminence in the pursuit for which
he was by inelinati.in .m.l educ:iti.in |>eeuliarly adap-
ted and upon which W entered with brilliant pros-
pects. In the sessi.ni of IS.;:,!-:;:! he represented Fay-
ette County in the Legislature. This tnnch space is
devoted to and is due Mr. Miller for the reason that
without it a history of tlie leading men of Fayette
County and the Standard's most brilliant and most
merciless editor would be incomplete. James G.
Johnson probably imparted more of literary grace,
culture, and refinement to the editorial columns of
the paper than any other writer.

Thr Amrrioan Batinrr and Lifrranj and Trmprranrr
./»»,-»»/ was olablished in the month of A]iril, ls:;2,
in Unioiitou-n, the first niind.er appearing April ICtli.
It was a five-column folio, edited by Alfred Patter-
son, and printed by William H. Whitton, at a sub-
scription price of two dollars per year. There is
nothing on record to show the length of time the

n< Dcnnrrat;,- .Shlrhi made its first aj.pearance in
May, 18:^,4. It was edited and published l.y .lanies
Piper. T. Patton and J. G. Morris were (he printers,
and the office was a few doors east .il' the conrt-honse
in Uniontown. A copy of the pafier, dated Wednes-
day, Nov. 4, 1835, is a five-clunm foli.,, fifteen by
twenty-two inches in size, with the motto : " \ sup-
port to the exiiressed will of the jieople is the great



test of Democracy. Education is the shield and bul-
wark of a free constitution." In 1836, J. G. Morris,
one of the printers, had become the editor, and before
the year 1837 had closed, the paper had been bought
by and become a jiart of The Genius of Liberty.

The Harriannian and Weekly Conservative was estab-
lished in Uniontown early in the year 1840. It was
edited by ( George W. SulliVan and B. F. Lincoln, and
l>ublished at the Clinton House by N. Byers. Only
one nundjer of the paper can now be found, which is
dated Sept. 15, 1840, No. 26, Vol. I., and gives the
price as one dollar for a volume of twenty-six num-
I bers. As the name indicates, this journal was merely
I a campaign paper, and its publication ceased in No-
i vember, 1840.

T/ie Cvwherhmd Presbyterian was established in
Uniontown, in 1847, by Robert W. Jones, of Athens,
Ohio. He continued its publication here but a short
time when he removed the paper and office material
to Brownsville, after that to Wayne-sburg, Greene Co.,
and finally to Pittsburgh, at which place it was pub-
lished in the interest of the Cumberland Presby-
terian Church at large. In 1865, Mr. Jones di.scon-
tiiuie.l the |.ublication of T/ie Presbyterian, and in 1873
assumed the ownership and management of The
■Liiininl, published at Athens, Ohio, whither he had
removed. He continued in this place and business
until his death, which occurred Jan. 29, 1881, at the
age of fifty-five years. Mr. Jones acqi irjd his knowl-
edge of i>rinting in the office of The O'enius of Liberty ■
during the editnr-hip c.f John W. Irons.

The Fayi-ffr 117//,./ was started in 1849 by John Ros-
ier, of Pittsburgh, the first number appearing June
2d of that year. It did not survive long, owing to
some trouble between Bosler and John F. Beazell,
editor of the Penuxiili-ania Dfwocm/, also published in
rnioiitowiial that time. There are no copies of TVff
Whi'j from which to gain information of its labors
and success, even for the short time the paper ex-
isted.

Tl>e Democratic Sentinel was first published in 1850,
by J. Nelson H. Patrick, then district attorney of
Fayette County. In 1855 he had taken a partner,
and the firm-name reads Patrick & Reilly. In June
of the same year the |noprietors removed The Sentinel
from Uniontown l(] Coiinellsville, and not long after
Patrick sold his share of the office to a man named
Wallington. The firm of Wallington & Reilly did
not long continue, and in a few months the paper
and printing material, except the hand-press, was
purchased by the publishers of The Genius of Liberty.
Capt. James Downer, of Uniontown, bought the
hand-iire-s and shipped it to Kansas. The Sentinel
was a -ix-eohiMin lolio. i~-,ucd weekly for one dollar
peryear. Patrick is now li\ing at Omaha, Neb., prac-
ticing law. In the fall and winter following the elec-
tion of li, II, Hayes to the Presidency he was con-
n.'cted with Cronin, of ( )reg(in, in the trouble with
the electoral v(jtc of that State.



UNIONTOWN BOROUGH.



309



Till- American Citizen, a seven-column folio, pub-
li^lir.l in the interest of the Know-Nothing party in
riiiuiitown and vicinity, was started in 1855 by Wil-
liniii II. Murphy and Jesse B. Ramsay. Its publica-
11(111 lasted but little more than two years, and but
slii;lit information can be gained of it e.xcept of its
founders personally. Mr. Ramsay now lives in Pitts-
burgh. Mr. Murphy died in Galveston, Texas, in
18G(>, of fever. He served in the Union army during
the whole of the Rebellion. He was a first-class prac-
tical printer, and excelled as an editor and publisher.
He never wrote out editorials or locals for his paper,
but went to the case and set the type as he shaped
the article in his mind.

The Baptist Journal, establishe'd Dec. 20, 1855, had
for its founder, editor, and proprietor James C.
Whaley. The Journal was a four-column folio, 16
by 21 inches in size, was issued monthly at fifty cents
per year, and devoted to the dissemination of re-
ligious knowledge and news, and the promotion of
Christian interests generally. It was conducted but
one year, when its existence ceased, and Mr. Whaley
removed from Uniontown to Kentucky, to publish
the Kentucky Intelligencer. At the breaking out of
the late civil war he abandoned his paper and entered
the Union army, where he served through all the
grades up to major by brevet. He was wounded
eight dift'erent times during his years of service, had
his clothes riddled by rifle-balls from sharpshooters,
and his command had the honor of capturing the
Washington Light Artillery of New Orleans at the
battle of Mission Ridge, taking men, horses, and
guns complete. Mr. Whaley is now working on The
Geniiis of Libertij, in Uniontown, and is at present
the only living representative printer of the days
from 1850 to 1858 now working in Fayette County.

Our Paper was a monthly journal, which was pub-
lished for about a year in Uniontown, beginning in
October, 1872. It was a paper having eight pages of
j four columns each, issued at a subscription price of
fifty cents per year, and was edited by a committee
\ from the Young Men's ('lirislimi Association.

The Uniontown £ntirjiri.ii- was a tree advertising
' sheet, which was first pul)lislied in 1876 by J. Austin
I Modisette. It was a four-column folio, 16 by 20
inches in size, and only existed for one year.

The Temperance Radical was established in 1878,
and was another of the several papers that have had
a brief existence in Uniontown. Its first number ap-
peared May 23, 1878, and the last one ten months
later. It was a four-column folio, edited by W. J.
McDowell.

The Uniontown Democrat is an advocate of the prin-
ciples of the Democratic party, the first number of
which appeared on Aug. 13, 1878, edited and pub-
lished by Joseph Beatty and Charles B. Conner. It
was first issued as a six-column folio, twenty-two by
thirty inches in size. On April 1, 1879, it was changed
from that to a seven-column folio, twenty-six by thirty-



six inches, and again on May 20, 1879, it was enlarged
to eight columns, twenty-six by forty inches in size.
This enlargement of The Democrat has been necessi-
tated by the constantly increasing patronage, the cir-
culation having now reached fifteen hundred. The
office is in the Tremont building, corner of Main and
Morgantown Strcds, Uniontown.

The y.ilniii'il. r.litnl and published by W. L. Perry
in the iiucrestsol llic (Jreenbackparty, was first issued
July 31, 1879, at one dollar and fifty cents per annum.
It was a seven-colum folio. For lack of support it
died Nov. 1, 1879, having existed but four months.

The Amateur was another free advertising sheet,
started in Uniontown in 1879 by George Irwin. It
was a monthly paper, four pages of ten by twelve
inches, but did not last any length of time.

PHYSICIANS OF UNIONTOWN.
Dr. Samuel Sackett, who had been a surgeon in
the Revolutionary war, removed from Connecticut
in September, 1781, to Uniontown, where he resided
till Nov. 10, 1788, when he removed to his farm on
Georges Creek, one mile south of Smithfield, where
William Sackett now lives. He practiced his pro-
fession in Uniontown and on Georges Creek for
about forty years, and died at his farm in 1833. He
had ten children, — four sons and six daughters. His
son Samuel, who is well remembered by many of the
older citizens, was the father of William Sackett, who
still lives on the homestead. One of the daughters
(Sally) became the wife of Dr. Lewis Marchand.

Dr. Henry Chapese was a physician and druggist
of Uniontown between 1790 and 1800, but neither the
date of his coming nor the length of time that he re-
mained is known. The county records show that on
the 13th of August, 1791, he purchased of Jacob Bee-
son lots 4 and 5, on the north side of Elbow Street,
intown Street. In an old account-book
:"aiiipbell, under date of May, 1792, Dr.
(litfil with a small amount for medicines
ds, and other entries are found in the
same book until November 19th of that year. The
lots which he purchased of Jacob Beeson in 1791 he
sold to John Savary, March 25, 1793 ; but this sale
did not mark the date of his removal from Union-
town, as is shown by the following advertisement,
found in the Pittsburgh Gazette of July, 1793, viz. :

" The subscriber informs the public in general that he has
just received a new recruit of Palent and other medicines,
which he will sell at the most reduced prices for cash. Any
person taking a quantity, as a practitioner, may rely on getting
them nearly as low as they can be purchased in Philadelphia.
Hehnsals.Min infallible remedy against snake bites in small
vials. By wotting with said substance and drinking about 15
drops of it, diluted in a gill of water, an immediate cure is
obtained. Price 3' ^^ each.

*' He has also for sale a general assortment of paint, 6ax-seed
oil, and an assortment of English vials and pencils.

" Hexrv Chapese.

" Uniontown, July 6, 17ft3."



west of Jforg
of Benjamin
Chapese is cr
of various ki



310



HISTOKY OF FAYETTE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA.



Dr. Eobert ]McClure came from York County, Pa.,
and was in riiiontown as rarly as 17'J2, as appears
from an entry in tlie acconnt-book of Benjamin
Campbell, dated NovenilMT I'l^.l in that year, credit-
ing Dr. McClure "ByMindry iii,-dii-iiMs t.. thi< dale."
This is the only fact whirl, has h. en tomi<l tendin- to
show that he practiced his profession here. In 1705
he purchased a village lot on Elbow Street. In 1798
he opened a public-house nearly opposite the court-
house. He kept it as a tavern till about 1812, wdien
he removed to the West.

There was a Dr. Young located in Uniontown as
physician and druggist in the year 1796. No informa-
tion has been gained concerning him, except what
appears in the following advertisement, which is found
in the Western Tekgraphe of Washington, Pa., of May
17th in the year named, viz. :

"DR. YOUNG
Respeetfully informs the Public that he has lately received
from New York and Philadelphia a neat and general assort-
ment of Drugs and Medicines, Patent Medicines, ic, which he
is now selling at his shop near the New Market House in Union
Town, on as moderate terms as can be afforded. He likewise
continues to practice in ihe diftercnt branches of his profession ;
and hiipes to merit the approbation of those who may please to



Dr. Solomon Drown, a native of Rhode Island, came
to I'niontown in, or prior to, 1796,' and on tin- lib id'
January in that year purchased from llmiy llnsdn
thirteen acres, and two lots (similar to vilhi-r h.tsi of
land on the east side of Redstone Creek, and includ-
ing the site of the Madison College liuildings. That
he jn-acticed medicine here is shown by a minute in
tin- ,-ommis.i,,nrrs- records nf the alhnvanr,, ,.f his
a.-,-nuiit forattrndii,-prisn,„.rs in th,-jail in tbr y,.,r
1X01. He isal-o nMHrinlMTrd by Cul. Saniil.-l Va-mi-.
thon.L'h not vriy distin.tly. Ib.w hui- be rcniainrd
aresi.lunt in fniontown is not known. TIk' pr..i..'rly
which he i>nn-lKised of Henry Beeson was sohl April
29, ISMIi, by William Drown, his attorney, to Charles
Elliott.

Dr. Adam Simon^on came from the East, and set-
tled in Uniontnuii prior to 1795. In that year be
became purchaser of a village lot in " Jacol>'s Addi-
tion." He married a daughter of the Rev. Obadiab
Jennings, of Dunlap's Creek Church, and remained
a |iracticing physician in Uniontown till his death in
1808.

Dr. Daniel Marcband an<l bis brother, Dr. Lewis
Marchand (sons of Dr. David Marehand, a physieian

of longstan.lin- and ■■ 1 ivpute in Westmoreland

County I, eann' to faNelle, ai,d llrM e-lal.lisl,ed in
]>raetice in Washini^ton township, wln-m-e I >r. Daidel
Marchand removed to Tniontown as early as 1803,



and remained until about 1820, when he was sue- i
ceeded by his brother Lewis, who increased the prac- j
tice largely. He married a daughter of Dr. Samuel i
Sackett, and continued in practice in Uniontown
about twenty years, highly respected as a man and a
physician. He removed from this place to Washing-
ton township, where he died in 1864.

Dr. Benjamin Stevens (born Feb. 20, 1737) was a
relative of Jeremiah Pears, who came to Fayette
County in 1789 and settled at Plumsock. Dr. Ste-
vens settled on a farm in North Union township, and
practiced medicine in that vicinity. About 1811 he
removed to Uniontown. His office and residence was
in a building that stood on the site of the present Con-
cert Hall. He died on the 3d of January, 1813, and
was buried with ^Masonic honors by lodge No. 92 of
Uniontown. During the long period of his practice
in the old township of Union and the borough of
Uniontown he stood high in public estimation as a
good physician and citizen. Some of his descendants
are now living in I'niontown.

Dr. Benjamin Dorsey, Dr. Daniel Sturgeon, Dr.
Wilson, of German township, and Dr. Wright were
students with Dr. Stevens while he lived on his farm
(where Robert Gaddis now lives in North Union).
Dr. Wright married a daughter of Andrew Byers, and
lived on Red.stone Creek, near where the Chicago
Coke-Works now are. He practiced but little.

Dr. Daniel Sturgeon was a native of Adams County,



Online LibraryFranklin EllisHistory of Fayette County, Pennsylvania : with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men → online text (page 69 of 193)