Franklin Ellis.

History of that part of the Susquehanna and Juniata valleys, embraced in the counties of Mifflin, Juniata, Perry, Union and Snyder, in the commonwealth of Pennsylvania ... (Volume v.1) online

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Online LibraryFranklin EllisHistory of that part of the Susquehanna and Juniata valleys, embraced in the counties of Mifflin, Juniata, Perry, Union and Snyder, in the commonwealth of Pennsylvania ... (Volume v.1) → online text (page 37 of 161)
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cember 10, 1863.
William H. Dewalt, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,

three years; nuistered out with company June 16,

1864.
John Deemer, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,

three years; discharged on surgeon's certificate

November, 1861.
John Derr, private, mustered in January 28, 1862,

three years ; discharged on surgeon's certificate

May 20, 1862.
James C. Duffy, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,

three years ; transferred to One Hundred and

Ninetieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers

May 31,1864; veteran.
Leonard Deitrick, private, mustered in January 28,

1862, three years; captured May 5, 1864; dis-
charged, date unknown.
William Free, private, mustered in May 4, 1861, three

years ; mustered out with company June 16, 1864.
George Foley, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,

three years ; discharged on surgeon's certificate

December 7, 1862.
George Grissinger, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,

three years; discharged on surgeon's certificate

December 20, 1862.
John W. Glaze, private, mustered in January 28,

1862, three years ; transferred to One Hundred

and Ninetieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers

May 31, 1864.
Charles Gebhart, private, mustered in July 18, 1861,

three years; transferred to Battery A, Forty-Third

Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, January 23,

1862.
Stephen F. Glaze, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,

three years; captured May 5, 1864; died at

Andersonville ; veteran.
Andrew H. Griffin, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,



three years ; missing in action at Wilderness

May 30, 1864; veteran.
John S. Hain, private, mustered in May 4, 1861, three

years ; mustered out with company June 16, 1864.
John C. Hebel, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,

three years ; mustered out with company June 16,

1864.
John F. Hassinger, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,

three years ; mustered out with company June 16,

1864.
Jacob Huggins, private, mustered in July 18, 1861,

three years; mustered out with company June

16, 1864.
Jonathan Hilbert, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,

three years ; transferred to Veteran Reserve

Corps February 15, 1864.
James Heckard, private, mustered in Maj' 4, 1861,

three years ; discharged on surgeon's certificate

December 18, 1862.
John W. Holmes, private, mustered in September 20,

1861, three years ; transferred to One Hundred
and Ninetieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers
May 31, 1864; veteran.

David Hebel, private, mustered in December 31, 1863,
three years; transferred to One Hundred and
Ninetieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers
May 31, 1864.

Frederick H. Harmon, private, mustered in February
9, 1864, three years ; wounded, with loss of arm.
May 11, 1864; transferred to One Hundred and
Ninetieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers
May 31, 1864.

Calvin R. Harmon, private, mustered in February 9,
1864, three years ; transferred to One Hundred
and Ninetieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volun-
teers May 31, 1864.

Newton C. Harmon, private, mustered in February 9,
1864, three years ; transferred to One Hundred
and Ninetieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volun-
teers May 31, 1864.

Alfred Hebel, private, mustered in December 31,
1863, three years; missing inaction at Bethesda
Church May 30, 1864.

Jacob Holmau, private, mustered in January 28,

1862, three yeai's; prisoner irom May 30, to No-
vember 26, 1864; discharged February 27, 1865.

Leonard Keiser, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,
three years ; discharged^ on surgeon's certificate
October 8, 1862.

William Keagy, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,
three years ; discharged September 26, 1862, for
wounds received at Charles City Cross-Roads.

William T. Keller, private, mustered in September
18, 1861, three years ; transferred to One Hundred
and Ninetieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volun-
teers May 31, 1864.

John S. Laning, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,
three years|; mustered one with company June 16,
1864.



THE WAR FOR THE UNION.



187



James Larzelier, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,

three years; mustered out with company June 16,

1SC4.
Daniel Liddic, private, mustered in July 18, 1861,

three years ; mustered out with company June

16, 1864.
Solomon Leitzel, private, mustered in July 18, 1861,

three years ; discharged on surgeon's certificate

May 20, 1862.
Thomas Lowe, private, mustered in September 18,

1861, three years; transferred to One Hundred
and Ninetieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers
May 31, 1864; veteran.

Isaac R. Lenhart, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,
three years ; transferred to One Hundred and
Ninetieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers
May 31, 1864; veteran.

William Lindsey, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,
three years ; transferred to One Hundred and
Ninetieth Regiment May 31, 1864; veteran.

Jacob Light, private, mustered in February 23, 1864
three years ; transferred to One Hundred and
Ninetieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers
May 31, 1864.

Jeremiah Liddic, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,
three years ; missing in action at Wilderness
May 5, 1864 ; veteran.

Benjamin E. Liddic, private, mustered in January
28, 1862, three years; missing in action at Wil-
derness May 5, 1864; veteran.

William Miller, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,
three years ; mustered out with company June
16, 1864.

Thomas McConnell, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,
three years ; mustered out with company June 16,
1864.

C. McGlaughlin, private, mustered in January 28,

1862, three years ; discharged on surgeon's cer-
tificate November 2, 1862.

Lewis Myers, private, mustered in May 4, 1861, three
years; discharged on surgeon's certificate July 8,
1862.

John Monroe, private, mustered in July 18, 1861,
three years ; discharged October 10, 1862, for
wounds received at Charles City Cross-Roads.

John A. McKnight, private, mustered in September
18, 1861, three years ; discharged on surgeon's cer-
tificate March 3, 1862; re-enlisted January 28,
1864; missing in action at Wilderness May 5,
1864.

George Matchett, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,
three years ; missing in action at Wilderness May
5, 1864; veteran.

James McGlaughlin, private, mustered in May 4,
1861, three years ; died at Annapolis, Md., Oc-
tober 27, 1862.

Joseph Potter, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,
three years; absent, sick, at muster out.



Rudolph Preisler, private, mustered in May 25, 1861,
three years; wounded May 11, 1864; transferred
to One Hundred and Ninetieth Regiment Penn-
sylvania Volunteers May 31, 1864; veteran.

Silas Portzling, private, mustered in May 4, 1801, three
years ; died at home, in Snyder County, Pa., No-
vember 29, 1863.

Christopher C. Reen, private, mustered in May 4,

1861, three years ; wounded at Second Bull Run;
discharged on surgeon's certificate April .30, 1863.

Frederick Reen, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,
three years ; wounded at Second Bull Run ; dis-
charged on surgeon's certificate April 30, 1863.

Frederick Rinehart, private, mustered in January
28, 1862, three years ; wounded with loss of arm ;
discharged on surgeon's certificate, date unknown.

Israel Ritter, private, mustered in May 4, 1861, three
years; transferred to One Hundred and Nine-
tieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers May
31, 1864; veteran.

Elias Rice, private, mustered in May 4, 1861, three
years; captured May 5, 1864; died at Anderson-
ville September 3, 1864, grave 7716.

Jacob Shoemaker, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,
three years ; mustered out with company June
16, 1864.

David P. Sheibley, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,
three years; mustered out with company June
16, 1864.

Henry H. Shuler, private, mustered in July 18, 1861,
three years ; wounded ; mustered out with com-
pany June 16, 1864.

James P. Sheibley, private, mustered in M;iy 4, 1861,
three years; wounded at Charles City Cross-
Roads June 30, 1862 ; mustered out with company
June 16, 1864.

Joseph Stevens, private, mustered in January 28,

1862, three years ; discharged on surgeon's cer-
tificate, date unknown.

James Snyder, private, mustered in May 25, 1861,
three years ; transferred to One Hundred and
Ninetieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers
May 31, 1864; veteran.

George Smith, private, mustered in May 25, 1861,
three years ; transferred to One Hundred and
Ninetieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers
May 31, 1864; veteran.

Jeremiah J. Stailey, private, mustered in May 4,

1861, three years; captured May 6, 1864; mus-
tered out May 11, 1865.

David Shatto, private, mustered in May 25, 1861,
three years; died at Washington, D. C, October
4, 1863.

Richard Tagg, private, mustered in May 25, 1861,
three years ; discharged November 14, 1862, for
wounds received at Antietam September 17, 1862.

Robert Temple, private, mustered in Jauuarv 28,

1862, three years; transferred to Veteran Re-
serve Corps November 6, 1868.



188



JUNIATA AND SUSQUEHANNA VALLEYS IN PENNSYLVANIA



William Ulsh, private, mustered in February 25,
1864, three years; transferred to One Hundred
and Ninetieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volun-
teers May 31, 1864.
Wesley Vandling, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,
three years; discharged on surgeon's certificate
December 10, 1862.
William Wingard, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,
three years ; wounded ; absent, sick, at muster
out.
Elias Welsh, private, mustered in May 4, 1861, three
years; wounded at Charles City Cross- Roads
June 30, 1862 ; absent, in hospital, at muster out.
William Weikell, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,

three years ; absent, sick, at muster out.
G. W. Williamson, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,
three years ; discharged on surgeon's certificate ;
date unknown.
Joseph Winters, private, mustered in May 25, 1861,
three years ; discharged September 5, 1862, for
wounds received at Gaines' Mill.
Cyrus Williamson, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,
three years ; discharged on surgeon's certificate,
March 3, 1863.
John Wagner, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,
three years ; discharged on surgeon's certificate
March 3, 1863 ; re-enlisted January 28, 1864 ; miss-
ing in action May 5, 1864.
J. W. Williamson, private, mustered in February 5,
1864, three years; transferred to One Hundred
and Ninetieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volun-
teers May 31, 1864.
Alfred Wolf, private, mustered in February 13, 1864,
three years ; transferred to One Hundred and
Ninetieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers
May 31, 1864.
Isaiah D. Winters, private, mustered in January 28,
1862, three years; missing in action in Wilder-
ness May 5, 1864 ; discharged, date unknown ;
veteran.
P. E. Williamson, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,
three years ; died September 20, 1862, of wounds
received at South Mountain.
William Walker, private, mustered in May 4, 1861,

three years.
John Zitch, private, mustered in May 4, 1861, three
years ; discharged on surgeon's certificate Feb-
ruary 14, 1863.

FORTY-SECOND REGIMENT.

The Forty-second Regiment, otherwise known
as the " Bucktails," or the " Kane Rifle Regi-
ment of the Pennsylvania Reserve Corps,"
which, in its formation, was intended to in-
clude only companies of skilled marks-
men, selected chiefly from the lumbering dis-
tricts of the State, was recruited in the spring



of 1861 (largely through the efforts of Thomas
L. Kane, brother of Dr. Kane, the famous
Arctic explorer), and was rendezvoused at Camp
Curtin, Harrisburg, where it was duly organ-
ized under command of Colonel Charles J.
Biddle, the lieutenant-colonel being Thomas
L. Kane, who was afterwards promoted to
brigadier-general.

On the 21st of Jiuie the Bucktail regiment
left Camp Curtin (in company with the Fifth
Reserve, Colonel S. G. Simmons) and pro-
ceeded to Hopewell, Pa., whence it marched, by
way of Bedford Springs, to " Camp Mason and
Dixon," on the Maryland State line, from
which, on the 7th of July, it moved to a camp
at Cumberland, Md. On the 12th the regi-
ment attacked a body of Confederate cavalry,
at Ridgeville, Va., but was obliged to retire to
New Creek and Piedmont, which position it
held until July 27th, when, in accordance with
orders then received, it returned to Harrisburg.
On the 1st of August it was ordered thence to
Harper's Ferry, where it was assigned to Colonel
George H. Thomas' brigade, in the division of
General Nathaniel P. Banks. In this command
it remained until the 1st of October, when it
moved to join the other regiments of the Re-
serve Division, in the camp at Tenallytown, Md.
From that camp it moved with the other regi-
ments of McCall's division, and, crossing the
Potomac on the 9th of October, moved to a
camp in the vicinity of Langley, Va. From
this camp, on the 20th of December, it marched
to take part in the battle of Dranesville, in
which action its loss was thirty killed and
wounded, among the latter being two officers,
one of whom was Lieutenant-Colonel Kane, who
received a painful wound in the face.

In the spring campaign of 18(32 the Buck-
tail regiment marched, with the other Reserves,
to Manassas, in the expectation of attacking the
Confederate works there, but finding them aban-
doned and the enemy gone, they returned to a
camp at Alexandria. This movement occupied
from the 10th to the 20th of March, in the
roughest and most inclement weather of the
year.

From Alexandria the regiment was moved
to Falmouth, on the Rappahannock, whence



THE WAR FOR THE UNION.



189



four comjianies of scouts, as a part of the brig-
ade of General Reynolds, were moved forward
iu May, on a reeonnoisance toward Hanover
Court-Hoiise, the expectation of tlie men and
officers being that they were to join the Army
of tlie Potomac, then on the Peninsula. These
expectations were not realized, and the battalion,
after marcliing back to the Rappahannock, was
ordered to the support of General Fremont, who
was confronting Stonewall Jackson in the
Shenandoah Valley. Iu this expedition the
Bucktails performed excellent service, but their
numbers became reduced to one hundred and
four men of the four companies, — C, G, H and
I, — which had been detailed for special duty as
scouts and skirmishers, with Lieuteuaut-Colonel
Kane, who was himself among the wounded.
At the same time they inflicted, on the four
Confedei'ate regiments who opposed them, a
loss of five hundred and fifty-nine in killed and
wounded.

Early in June the other six companies, four
hundred strong, had embarked on the Rappa-
hannock for the Peninsula, and arrived, on the
9th, at White House, Ya., whence it moved
forward to Dispatch Station, and along the left
bank of the Chickahominy to a point on the
extreme right of the Army of the Potomac, the
Reserves holding the line from Gaines' Mill to
Beaver Dam Creek. This position was taken
on the 18th of June and was held until the
26th, when a heavy Confederate force appeared
on their front and opened a most furious as-
sault which continued until after dark, and is
known in history as the battle of Mechauics-
ville. From this bloody field the little battalion
of Bucktails retired early in the morning of the
27th, it being the rear-guard of the Reserve Di-
vision iu the retreat to Gaines' Mill, where,
later in the day, the great battle of that name
was fought. In the fighting which fell to the
lot of the Bucktail companies in the conflict of
Mechanicsville, and in their guarding of the
rear of the division in the retreat to Gaines'
Mill, they suffered a very heavy loss, of which
Bates' .says; "The loss in the morning's en-
gagement and retreat was more than half of its

' "History of Pennsylvania Volunteers."



[the Bucktail l)attalion's] effective force, and
upon its arrival at Gaines' Mill, it could mus-
ter but six officers and one hundred and
twenty-flve men." This loss was additional to
that of the afternoon of the 26th, in the
battle of Mechanicsville. In the action
of the 27th, at Gaines' Mill it was hotly
engaged for fully four hours, until its ammuni-
tion was exhausted, and losing twenty-six
killed aud wounded, which was a very heavy
loss out of the small number with which the
battalion entered the fight.

During the night of the 27th the Reserves
crossed to the south side of the Chickahominy,
and in the following night (Saturday, Jtine
28th) pushed on, by way of White Oak Swamp,
towards Charles City Cross-Roads, where a fierce
battle was fought on Monday, the 30th, in
which Major-General McCall, the division com-
mander, was wounded and made prisoner, and
the Bucktail battalion was almost annihilated,
losing ninety- two officers and men, killed,
wounded and taken prisoners. It was not or-
dered into the battle at Malvern Hill, on the
following day, and on the 2d of July it reached
a camping-ground at Harrison's Landing, on
the James, where it remained for several weeks,
during which time it was reinforced by the re-
turn of a part of the men who had been taken
prisoners in the battle of IMechanicsville.

From the camp at Harrison's Landing the
Bucktail battalion was moved, on the 15tli of
August, and proceeded, by way of Acquia
Creek, to Warrenton, Va., where it became, for
the time, a part of General Pope's Army of
Virginia, and in the campaign which was then
iu progress it took part in the Second Bull Run
battle (August 29th and 30th), in which its loss
was twenty-four, killed and wounded.

On the 7th of September the four companies
which had been separated from the remainder
of the regiment, to act a.s scouts, rejoineil the
battalion, and on the same day the Bucktails
moved northward to meet the enemy in his
invasion of Maryland. On the 1 4th they reached
South Mountain, and immediately became en-
gaged in the fierce battle that rageil along its
declivity, from base to summit. They charged
with great impetuosity, capturing many prison-



190



JUNIATA AND SUSQUEHANNA VALLEYS IN PENNSYLVANIA.



ers and losing sixty-three killed and wounded.
Again, on the 16th and 17th, they fought bravely
and well in the great battle of Antietam, losing
one hundred and ten officers and men killed and
wounded, of whom ninety-five went down on
the 16th in a single charge. Among the killed
was the commanding officer, Colonel Hugh W.
McNeil, and Lieutenant William Allison, of
Company B.

From Antietam, after some delay, the regi-
ment crossed the Potomac into Virginia, and
was encamped for some time near Warrenton,
then moved to the vicinity of Fredericksburg.
On the 12th of December they crossed the river
below the town, and took position for the great
battle of the following day, in which their loss
was one hundred and thirty-two killed, wounded
and missing. The regiment returned on the
15th to the north side of the Rappahannock,
whence, on the 6th of February, it moved with
the other Reserves to the Washington defenses,
and encamped at Fairfax Court-House, where it
became a part of the Twenty-second Corps, and
of McCandless' (First) brigade. Here it re-
mained until the 25tli of June, 1863, when it
rejoined the Fifth Corps, and marched north-
ward to Maryland and Pennsylvania, to meet
the invading army of the Confederates. It
reached Gettysburg on the 2d of July, and late
in the afternoon of the same day entered the
great battle which was then in progress. From
that time until the evening of the 3d it was
continually under heavy fire, and made several
charges, capturing a large number of prisoners
and losing forty-seven officers and men killed
and Mounded. In the later operations of 1863,
in Virginia, the Bucktail regiment was actively
and continually engaged until the close of the
Mine Run campaign, when it went into winter-
quarters at Bristoe Station.

On the opening of the spring campaign of
1864 the regiment broke camp April 29th, and
marched to Culpeper, where it was armed with
Spencer seven shooting rifles. It crossed the
Rapidan May 4th, and on the following day
became engaged in the battle of the Wilderness,
at Parker's Store, charging through the Con-
federate line with a loss of only fourteen men.
Again, on the 6th, it was engaged at diffijrent



times during the entire day, losing twenty-three
men. At Spottsylvania, on the 8th, it took part
in three unsuccessful charges of the Reserve
Division. On the 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th, on
the line of the Po River, the regiment was con-
stantly under fire in front of the Confederate
line of works, and on the 13th, for the fii'st
time in the campaign, it enjoyed a day of rest.
On the 14th, and from that time till the 20th,
it was engaged in marching and skirmishing
without intermission, reaching Guinea Station
on the latter date. On the 22d it marched to
Jericho Ford, where it crossed the North Anna
River, advancing thence as skirmishers, clearing
the woods, and repulsing a determined attack
by the enemy. This position was held until
the night of the 26tli, when the Bucktails, with
other regiments, marched towards Bethesda
Church, reaching there on the 29tli. At that
point, on the 30th of May, the regiment fought
its last battle — its term of service expiring on
that day. In the series of battles of the cam-
paign which, for the Pennsylvania Reserves,
was closed by the fight at Bethesda Church, the
Bucktails had lost one hundred and forty-six
officers and men killed and wounded, and had
elicited the warmest and most flattering com-
mendations for bravery and steadiness by the
general officers under whom it served. On the
1st of June it was marched to the rear ; the
veterans and recruits were transferred to the
One Hundred and Ninetieth Regiment, and the
remainder of the men of the original Bucktails
were transported to Harrisburg, where, on the
11th of the same month, they were mustered out
of service.

Company B, Perry County. — In the
Bucktail regiment there were serving a consider-
able number of men from Mifflin and Juniata
Counties, and one of its companies, of which
Captain Langhorn Wistar was the original
commanding officer, was made up of Perry
County men, recruited at Duncannon, in that
county. A roll of the company is here given,
viz. :

Langhorn Wistar, captain, mustered in June 4, 1861,
three years ; promoted to colonel One Hundred
and Fiftieth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers
September 4, 1862.



THE WAR FOR THE UNION.



191



Thomas B. Lewis, captain, mustered in June 4, 1861,
tliree years; promoted from first sergeant to
second lieutenant December 12, 18(31 ; to captain
September 16, 1862 ; mustered out with company
June 11, 1864.

John A. Gulp, first lieutenant, mustered in June 4,
1861, three years; resigned November 1, 1861.

William Allison, first lieutenant, mustered in June 4,
1861, three years ; killed at Antietam September
16, 1862.

Philip E. Keiser, first lieutenant, mustered in June 4,
1861, three years ; promoted to first sergeant De-
cember 12, 1861 ; to first lieutenant March 1,
1863 ; mustered out with company June 11,
1864.

Joel R. Sparr, second lieutenant, mustered in June 4,
1861, three years ; promoted to sergeant Decem-
ber 12, 1861 ; to second lieutenant March 1,
1863 ; mustered out with company June 11,
1864.

Frederick A. Perry, first sergeant, mustered in June
4, 1861, three years; promoted from private to
sergeant July 5, 1863 ; mustered out with com-
pany June 11, 1864.

Thomas J. Belton, first sergeant, mustered in June 4,
1861, three years ; killed at Gettysburg July 3,
1863; buried in National Cemetery, section B,
grave 91.

Charles W. Tierney, sergeant, mustered in June 4,
1861, three years ; promoted from private to ser-
geant November 1, 1863; mustered out with
company June 11, 1864.

Robert B. Bothwell, sergeant, mustered in June 4,
1861, three years; promoted from private to ser-
geant November 20, 1863 ; wounded May 12, 1864 ;
absent, sick, at muster out.

J. W. Muntzebaugh, sergeant, mustered in June 4,
1861, three years ; promoted from corporal to
sergeant July 1, 1863 ; mustered out with com-
pany June 11, 1864.

Remuel K. Morton, sergeant, mustered in June 4,
1861, three years ; discharged May 27, 1864.

John O'Brien, sergeant, mustered in June 4, 1861,
three years ; died June 4, 1864, of wounds re-
ceived at Spottsylvania Court-House May 9,
1864.

Mark Burke, sergeant, mustered in August 7, 1861,
three years.

Joseph H. Meek, corporal, mustered in June 4, 1861,
three years ; mustered out with company June
11,1864.

Hiram G. Wolf, corporal, mustered in June 4, 1861,
three years ; mustered out with company June
11, 1864.

J. H. Muntzebaugh, corporal, mustered in Juno 4,
1861, three years; discharged by General Order
of War Department, 1862.

John W. Parsons, corporal, mustered in June 4, 1861,



three years ; discharged on surgeon's certificate



Online LibraryFranklin EllisHistory of that part of the Susquehanna and Juniata valleys, embraced in the counties of Mifflin, Juniata, Perry, Union and Snyder, in the commonwealth of Pennsylvania ... (Volume v.1) → online text (page 37 of 161)