François Gazeau.

American medical gazette and journal of health, Volume 8 online

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at the appointed hour, when the President, Dr. Pitcher, of Detroit^
look the chair, and the Secretaries, Dr. Brodte, of Michigan, and Dr.
Foster, of Nashville, assumed their places. The roll of delegates bo-
in^ called, twenty-three of the states were represented, when Dr.
Winston, oa behalf of the committee of arrangements, delivered an
dequent addr&ss, welcoming the convention to the ' - City of Rocks^^'
and announcing the arrangements made for the entertainment of the
delegates during thehr sojourn in the city, which were certainly on a
scale of liberality unparalleled in any of the cities heretofore visited
bj this medical congress.

Tlie usual committee, of one fh>m eadi. state Represented, having*
been appointed to nominate oiBeers, the retiring President pronounced
the annual address, which, as it will appear in the transactions, it can'
ttily be necessary to say, was a judicious and able performance.
Soon after the committee reported their nomination for officers, which
wae unanimoudy approved.

Officers for 1B57-8I.

Prefu^eit/.— Paul F. Eve, M. D., of Tennessee.

VUe-PreiiderUs.—B,. J. Breckinridge, M.D., of Kentucky; D.
Meredith Reese, M.D., of New York; W. H. Byford, M.D., of Indi-
ana; Henry F. Campbell, M.D., of Goorgia.

Secreiariis. — Dr. Poster, of Tenn., and Dr. Semmes, of Washing*
too, D.a

rmiii*r«r.— Ca^ar Wistar^ M.D.
. After commnnicatioBs from the Secretaries, Treasurer, Committee
of Arrangement, &o. Ac., the election of numerous members by invi*
ta^ion, and the introduction of the Hon. Judge Catron, and other
eminent civilians, the first day's session dosed.



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866 THE AMERICAN



In the afternoon parties diyided themsekes on this and the follow-
ing days for the acceptance of the nameroas invitations with which
we were honored. Many of as followed Professor Eve to the Hos-
pital, where we witnessed the bilateral operation of lithotomy by that
distinguished surgeon, Dr. Jas. R. Wood and Professor March being
courteously invited to assist. Next we visited the Medical College,
with its rich and varied facilities for teaching, and ceased to wonder
at its unparalleled success. Every hour was consumed until the even-
ing, when at the princely mansions of Professors Eve and Jennings,
and that of Dr. Foster, the beauty and fashion of the city and its vi-
cinity were assembled to greet the delegates with a western welcome;
while the worthy hosts vied with each other in the luxuriant enter-
tainments they had provided for their guests, with a prodigality and
profusion indicative of the wealth and refinement which have always
characterized this rock girt city.

On the morning of the second day the President elect was intro-
duced to the chair by the retiring officer, and made a brief but im-
pressive address, whereupon the regular business was resumed by the
reception of the reports from standing and special committees, ab-
stracts of some of them being read and referred to the committee of
publication. After several topics had been discussed and the hour of
adjournment had arrived, the brethren were scattered for the after-
noon, to dining parties, — visiting the Hermitage, as we Jackson men
were prone to do, — paying our respects to Mrs. Polk, the widow of
car late President, whose beautiful residence was thrown open for the
purpose; riding out to the magnificent park of Gen. Harding, where
hundreds of deer, with elk, buffaloes, &c., &c., were enjoying the larg-
est liberty. Later in the day, many of us dined at the house of the
late lamented Professor Porter, whose widow had invited the friends
of her late husband to one of the most elegant and recherche entertain-
ments either of ns ever enjoyed. The superb and exquisite taste of
this dinner was the theme of universal admiration. In the evening,
the spacions and magnificent mansion of Dr. Shelby, with its adjacent
grounds, was thrown open to the whole convention and their friends
on a scale of generous nobility never snrpassed; while the handreds
of richly costumed ladies convened on the occasion, the Ivilliant illo-
mination, the stirring strains of instrumental mode, with all the acces*
sories of beauty, fashion, elegant hospitality and luxurious feasting,
imparted to the scene a more than oriental splendor.



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HBDICAL QAZETTB. Sd7

The third day of the convention was occupied diligently until the
the hour of adjournment in discussions such as usually occupy the last
day, when resolutions are offered and debated, chiefly in view of the
next annual meeting. Yery able speeches were delivered, by such
men as Drs. Means and Boring, of Geo.; Dr. J. R. Wood, of N. Y.;
Dr. Arnold, of Geo.; Dr. Scruggs, of La.; Dr. Palmer, of 111.; Dr.
C. Hooker, of New Haven; Dr. Yaudell, of Ky., and others whose
names have escaped our memory.

The session concluded harmoniously, and the closing address on
the part of the North by Dr. J. R. Wood, of New York, apologizing
for our meagre ratio of representation, and regretting the absence of
so many of those relied on to be present, and at the same time express-
ing the assurance of our unabated attachment to the Association, as
the great bond of unity which precluded all sectional divisions in the
profession, was well received and responded to by Southern and
Western brethren in the right spirit.

The evening of the third day having been set apart for a grand re-
union, the entire area of the capitol was cleared, and at an early hour
the whole building was illuminated for the purpose. Twenty-five
hundred tickets had been issued, and the ladies of the city and for
many miles round soon thronged the building, which we take occasion
to say, in size, situation and elegance of architecture, far surpasses
any public edifice in New York. The view of the scene from the lofty
galleries, when more than one thousand ladies were on the floor at
once, was surpassingly brilliant. The few members of the convention
who had wisely brought their wives and daughters could mingle with
the throng, as could the fewer young men of the delegation. But as
most of the convention were old fogies, with wives and children and
grandchildren at home, we could only gaze from the galleries, and
wonder where these Nashville ladies learned the fashionable extrava-
gances of costume we had been wont to condemn at home; and query,
whether they were not in correspondence with our own Stewarts and
Becks for the latest Paris fashions. Such we afterwards learned waa
the fact; and the silks and satins, the lace and the jewelry, the
flowers and the hoops, with all the paraphernalia of the scenes at our
own Opera House, are all in Nashville via New York.

We of the galleries, who were only " lookers on in Yerona,'' soon
retired to prepare for our long journey homeward, and before day-
light we were some of us on oar way to the Mammoth Cave, of Ky.,



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866 THB AMBBICAH



where one of us " cared in,'* and, haringbeen on the Inyalid list erer
gbee, mnst be ezcosed for this hast j ^etch of the sayings and Mnff
Bt Nashrille, referrhig to* our fuller report hereafter.

The next annual meeting will be held at the Smithsonian Institu*
tion, in Washington Oiij, D. C, on the 1st Tuesday in May, 1858.



Report on Priso Baaaya, Amnrioan Ifaaioal AsMOiatfon.

Dr. Bowling, Chairman of the Committee on Prize Essays, snbnHt«>
ted the report of said Committee, as follows:

The Committee on Prize Essays report that four Essays have been
received, each possessing great merit.

The Committee selected the following two Essays for the two prizes
provided for at the last meeting of this Association.

1st. One entitled, ** The Excreto-Secretory System of Nerves; its
relations to Physiology and Pathology," with the following motto:

*' Observation becomes Experifnent when used in severe processes of
Induction,^ 9kVL^ signed, Henry Eraser Campbell, Georgia.

2d. '* Experimental researches relative to the Nutrition, Value and
Physiological Effects of Albumen, Starch and Gum when singly and
exclusively tised as food," with the following motto:

" Qum sequimur? quone in jubes? tdn ponere sedis?

Da pater augurium, atque animis Ulabere noslrisP' and signed, Wit
liam A. Hammond, M. D., Assist. Surgeon, IJ. S. Army.



••IniisBt BCdrtaUty in Largo Cittaa,
Booroas of ita Xooraaaa, and the BCeaaa of ita IMniinutioii.''

The brief essay on this topic, an abstract of which was read by the
editor of this journal before the American Medical Association at its
late meeting in Nashville, is in the hands of the Committee of Publi*
cation, and will appear in the forthcoming volume of the Transactions.

Until so published, the writer is not at liberty to comply with the
numerous requests from professional friends for copies of the^ssay, with
tiie view to its wide circulation, which they deem desirable. Several
thousand copies having been ordered already, it will oblige the editor
if any others who wish to be supplied, will notify him forthwith, as an
edition will be issued immediately after its appearance in the volume
of Transactions, which will be early this antonm. Copies will be sent
to all of our sabscribers, and mailed or expressed to fill all orders
which reach us in time, at the cost price, which will not exceed $10
per hundred.



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MEDICAL GAZETTE. 36,9

MEDICAL STXTDZOrrS AND GRADUATEa

The following are all the statistics which have reached us, and they

indicate our numerical increase for 1857 — greater than had been
anticipated, and but little behind the classes of the previous year.
The aggregate of both students and graduates may possibly be made
op in time for our July number.

Stadents. GriMlafttM

JefiFerson Medical College (Phila.) 488 213

University of Pennsylvania " 454 149

University of Nashville (Tenn.) 419 137

University of City of New York 300 112

Med. College of S. C. (Charleston) 250 92

Med. College of Georgia ( AugustaJ , 160 55

Rush Medical College (Chicago, Illinois) 149 41

New York Medical College 106 31

Pennsylvania Medical College (Phila.) 58

University of Louisville (Ky.) 50

St. Louis Medical College 44

College of Physicians and Surgeons (N. Y.) 37

Missouri Medical College (St. Louis) 31

Medical College of Ohio (Cincinnati) 31

Miami Medical College " 81

Medical College of Virginia (Richmond) 28

Starling Medical College (Columbus, 0.) 18 •

Philadelphia College of Medicine. 60 15

University of BufiFalo, N. Y 15

New Orleans School of Medicine 67

Yale Medical College (New Haven, Ct.) 11

Cleveland Medical College (Ohio.) 72 21

Cincinnati College of Medicine 6

Dartmouth College (N. H.) 12

Massachusetts Medical College (Boston) 17

Berkshire Medical Institution (Mass.) 63

University of Vermont (Burlington) 41 10

Albany Medical College 88

Atlanta Medical College' (Geo.) 105 40

University of Michigan (Ann Arbor) 168 27

24



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870 THE AMERICAN

The following additional medical schools are more or less in opera-
tion, some of them only having a nominal existence, while others are
flourishing, but we have no recent reports of the numbers of either
popils or graduates, viz: — At Brunswick, Me.; Geneva, N. Y.; Kew
Orleans, La.; Baltimore, Md.; Washington, D. C; Charlotteville,
Va.; Winchester, Va.; Memphis, Tenn.; Lexington, Ky.; Keokuk,
Iowa; Woodstock, Vt.; Castleton, Vt. ; and two at Savannah, Ga.

The aggregate number of medical schools in the country is, there-
fore, forty-four, if all are here enumerated, while from only thhrty of
these have any statistics reached us.

The total number of students reported in our table from sixteen
colleges^ is 2,994; while the graduates from twenty-seven colleges are
reported as 1,325.

The best estimate we can make from these very imperfect data,
must, therefore, be wholly conjectural as to the aggregate of students
and graduates. We suppose 4,500 of the former and 1,800 of the
latter will not be far from the truth when the full returns arc obtained.

Of course, we make no account of the spurious medical schools,
Eclectic, Botanical, Homoeopathic, Hydropathic and Feminine, as we
know nothing of their numbers or status.

Should any reports reach us in time for our next number, from either
of the regular colleges, we shall announce them ^separately, but the
repetition of our table will be unnecessary hereafter. The blanks left
we have found it impracticable to fill.



NEW YORK JOURNAL OF MEDICINB.

Our ancient neighbor, with its tripod of editors and double pub-
lishers, under its late new regime, has survived just one half of the
single year we prognosticated as the extent of its viability, when it
was resuscitated last fall by '' passing round the hat'' among the mem-
bers of the Mutual Admiration Society, after it and the N, Y, Medi-
cal Times had both become defunct.

The senior editor, Dr. Purple, and the junior, Dr. Bnlkley, both
gracefully retire, leaving Dr. Stephen Smith ".alone in his glory."
Mr. H. Bailliere is to be the new publisher. We congratulate our
neighbor on the change, which must be for the better, and tender Dr.
Smith the right hand of fellowship. He can afford to be independent,
now that he is free from his incumbrances.



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MEDICAL GAZETTE. 371

Prof. HENRY F. CAMPBELL, M. D.

Oar confrere of the Southern Medical Journal, at Aagnsta, Geo.,
is vigorously pursuing his claim of priority in the discovery and
naming of the Excito-Secretory system of nerves, so' zealously taught
by Marshall Hall, of London, as his own contribution to science. We
judge this American claim to be valid, and that Dr. Hall will not long
withhold its concession. Meanwhile we congratulate Dr. Campbell on
his receipt of the premium for the prize essay, awarded him at the lato
meeting of the American Medical Association on a kindred subject.



NATIONAL HOTEL DISEASE.

The newspapers designate by this name the singular epidemic
which appeared at this hotel, in Washington, in January last, and
which is still, it seems, numbering its victims all over the land. The
attempt to ascribe its origin to miasm is everywhere justly ignored.
We have never doubted that poison in food or drink was the source
of all the disease and death which has resulted, but whether acci^
dentally or designedly introduced remains to be discovered. A
medical correspondent on the spot thinks that bad liquors contained
the poison.



Pro! RICHARD D. ARNOLD, M. D.,

of Savannah Medical College, Geo., has lately published an Essay on
the relations of Bilious and Yellow Fever, in which he takes a very
enlightened view of the subject, and by practical and pathological
illustrations sustains his positions, which are at variance with the
fashionable theories taught in the schools and in the books.

But apart from the teaching of the essay, all must award him very
great merit for the graphic and death-like accuracy with which his
plates delineate the morbid appearances of the liver in the various
forms of Bilious Fever, and exhibit the difiference between the umber
and bronze color found in these Fevers, and the yellow boxwood color
of the liver pathognomonic of Yellow Fever. The artist deserves
very great credit for the execution and finish of these plates, which
should be found in every pathological library. For our copy, sent
through the publishing house of H. Bailliere & Co., Dr. Arnold will
please accept our thanks.



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372 THE AUEBICAN



BOOK IN'OTICES.

The Physiological Anatomy and Physiology op Man. By R. B. Todd, M. D.,
&c., and W. Bowman, F. R. S., &c., of King's College, London; complete in
one Tolume, 8 vo., pp. 926, with 29S illostrations. Philadelphia: Blanchard
& Lea. 1857.

This great work, which is destined to be a standard classic in this department
of science, is the result of the joint labors of the two eminent men whose names
it bears, and who have devoted to its preparation the industry and study of the
last fourteen years, the book having been commenced and announced in 1843.
Its appearance has therefore been long anticipated, and will now be welcomed
as an invaluable contribution to medical literature, and it will be thus estimated
wherever our science is cultivated and the healing art scientifically improved,
whether at home or abroad.

We hail its appearance at this juncture especially, when the market has been
deluged with foreign and domestic books on Physiology, mainly based on
Chemistry^ and more than one of them transcendental in their teachings^
especially in relation to Life, and igpaoring, to a gpreat extent, the true founda-
tion of the science in Anatomy and the living laboratory of nature. This work
will now be studied in lieu of the elementary compilations which have over-
whelmed us like a flood, for here we shall find an original and elaborate inves-
ti|fation of every topic related to Biology, by master workmen and able teach-
ers, whose life-long and practical devotion to these researches signally qualify
them for their task. The publishers have shown their high estimate of the book
by the style of excelliince in which it is issued, and, for once, they have wisely
refrained from encumbering it with the name of any Philadelphia outrider, and
we are spared the infliction of editors or annotators attempting to gild refined
gold for the American market.

A Pocket Formulary and Physician^s Manual, &c. By Thomas S. Powell,
M. D., of Sparta, Geo. Savannah: W. T. Williams. 1857.

This little companion for the pocket of medical practitioners and students is
truly a multum in parvo, and contains a great variety of information on numer-
ous professional topics, which it is every physician's duty to know, including
medical Ethics, and numerous details of vital interest to young medical men in
city or country. No originality is claimed, but only a compendious compila-
tion of utilitarian character, and as such its merits are unquestionable. The
author will yet make his mark in the profession. A life-like portrait of the late
Professor Chapman, of Philadelphia, is prefixed.

The Mother's Hand-pooe, a Guide in the Care of young Children* By
Edward H. Parker, M. D., &c. New York: Edward P. Allen. 1857.

A work greatly needed, on a vastly important subject, and written by an
intelligent and experienced physician, in a style well adapted to popular
instruction. No better guide can be placed in the hands of expectant mothers,
and to fuch we cordially recommend it, as a useful means of averting infant
mortality, everywhere so rife in these degenerate days. *



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MEDICAL GAZETTE. 373

A Manual op Examinations, bspbciallt designed for Students of Medicine,
WITH A Medical Formulary, Ac By J. L. Ludlow, M. D., &o. Philadelphia :
Blanchard & Lea. 1857.

This is a new edition of a well-known hand-book for students, which has been
thoronghly revised and much enlarged by the author, and now reappears with
370 illustrations. It is doubtless among the best of its class, especially as now
improved, and including, as it does, all the departments, is a convenient
authority to refresh the memory of students.

On the Diseases op Women, including those op Pregnancy and Childhood.
By Fleetwood Churchill, M. D., &c. A new American edition, revised by the
author. With notes and additions, by Dr. Francis Condie, M. D., &c. Phila-
delphia: Blanchard & Lea. 1857.

The improvements this work has undergone cannot fail to enhance its ^popu-
larity and usefulness, while the additions by the American editor will be found
to possess intrinsic merit, rendering the present edition greatly superior to any
of the former. The name of Dr. Churchill is high authority in this department.

MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS.

By the proceedings of the American Medical Association, as re-
ported in this number, it will be seen that a series of very important
resolutions, offered by Dr. Carrey, were adopted and referred to a
Committee. Dr. James R. Wood is the Chairman of this Committee,
and his associates are Drs. John Watson, of New York; Dr. La Roche,
of Philadelphia; Dr. Grant, of Memphis, Tenn.; and another, whose
name is not in our notes nor in our copy of the report. The report of
this Committee will be looked for with great interest, as it involves the
whole subject of Reform in Medical Education, and it will be presented
at Washington City, in May next, if the instructions of the Convention
are obeyed.

An important alteration in the Constitution, it will be seen, will
also come up for consideration at the next meeting. It is proposed
by Professors Gunn and Palmer, of the Michigan University, and is
intended to deprive the Medical Colleges of any distinct representa-
tion by delegates, as now; requiring the professors to be appointed in
common with their brethren by the state and county societies, unless
they are permanent members. Such a radical change in the con-
stituency will doubtless be resisted, and the proposition will be warmly
discussed.

The Annual Meeting of the American Association of Medical
Superintendents of Insane Asylums has recently been held in this city,



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374 THE AMERICAK

comprising a large body, and some of the ablest medical men in the
country. Papers were read and important discussions had, but for a
full report we must await the next number of the Ammcan Journal of
Insanity, Copies of the Report of the Huntington trial for forgery,
in which the plea of moral insanity in defence was ignored by both
court and jury, were sent to each member of this learned body by the
counsel for the prisoner. But if any expression of opinion was sought
by this manoeuvre, the parties concerned were doomed to disappoint-
ment, the members of the Association being wise enough to know that
" discretion is the better part of valor."

The Quarantine Convention met at Philadelphia, and was well
attended from every part of the country. The New York Board of
Health alow, was without any medical representative, though there
are at least three physicians in their own body. The non-professional
dignitaries from this city found themselves in conference with learned
physicians delegated from all the other cities; while the sanitary
questions discussed were those of which the New York delegates knew
no more than a horse does of holy water. Proh pudor!

Glycerine in Phthisis. — For cases of tubercular disease in its early
stage, before the cough is accompanied by much expectoration, we
frequently prescribe: — R. Glycerine, Sij.; iodide of potassium, 3i.;
sulphate of morphine, grs.ij. Mix, and give one teaspoonful before
each meal and at bed time.

If the disease is far advanced, and expectoration more copious,
with rapidly-increasing emaciation, we prefer the following: R. Gly-
cerine, Sij. ; syrup of iodide of iron, |ss. ; sulphate of morphine, grs.ij.
Mix, and give one teaspoonful every four or six hours.

It is now two years since we commenced using the glycerine in the
treatment of phthisis, generally combining it with some preparation
of iodine, and just enough morphine to allay cough and promote rest;
and we have certainly derived more bene6t from it than from any
other one remedy. — Northwestern Med. and Surg. Journal.

Drs. Kane and Livingstone. — The two most distinguished travelers
and explorers of the age in which we live, are Dr. E. K. Kane of the
United States, and Dr. Livingstone of England. Both are physicians,
and both have extended our knowledge of the geography of the globe.
The one has demonstrated, what has been supposed, that the Arctic



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MEDICAL GAZETTE. 3T5

Pole consists of an open sea, inhabited by animals, and sarronnded by
a liberal profusion of vegetation; the other has discovered in the midst
of African sands a people and a country of which we knew nothing,
possessing a knowledge of the many arts of life. The one was exposed
for three years to the intense cold of an Arctic climate, suffering from
the scurvy and the dangers of the ice, and comes home broken down
in constitution ; the other was exposed for more than sixteen years
to the burning sun of a torrid clime, his face furrowed by hard-
ships and the effects of thirty fevers. The one goes on a voyage
of mercy to rescue a fellow explorer, as well as a voyage of dis-
covery; the other also goes on a mission of mercy to a benighted
heathen, as well as a voyage of discovery. The one plants the
standard of his country near to the Arctic centre, and beneath its



Online LibraryFrançois GazeauAmerican medical gazette and journal of health, Volume 8 → online text (page 38 of 82)