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Frederic Louis Billon.

Annals of St. Louis in its territorial days, from 1804 to 1821; being a continuation of the author's previous work, the Annals of the French and Spanish period online

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States, would be highly interesting ; but having de-
voted myself to a different pursuit, and besides feel-
ing deficient in the qualifications which a person
undertaking such a tour ought to possess, I never
had any serious thought of it. You will forgive me
for troubling you upon a subject which can be of no
public interest, but which if passed by in silence^
would place me in a disagreeable embarrassment,
with respect to my acquaintances, who may suppose
that I have left the United States.



WAK WITH ENGLAND. 37

An excursion which I made up the Missouri, has
doubtless given rise to the idea. It had been my
intention to have descended the Mississippi last
spring, in order to settte myself in my profession in
the lower country, but circumstances preventing, I
postponed it until fall, and in the mean time, I was
induced to accompany Mr. Manual Lisa to the Man-
dan villages, from whence I returned a few days
ago, in company with Mr. Bradbury, who had as-
cended the river for the purpose of pursuing his re-
searches on the natural history of the country.
With sentiments of respect,
I am yours, &c.

H. M. BRACKEimiDGE.

St. Louis, Aug. 2, 1811.

CONGEESS DECLARED WAR

against England June 19, 1812. The news reached
St. Louis on July 9th, and was received with delight
by the large mass of the people of the place, partic-
ularly the American portion, as it had been expected
for some time. A town meeting was held on the
succeeding day, at which a preamble and resolu-
tions, expressive of the sense of the people on this
subject, were unanimously adopted, concluding as
follows : —

Resolved unanimously, that having learned that
several companies of volunteers, belonging to the
State of Kentucky, have generously offered their
services to the Governor for the protection of this
territory, the thanks of this meeting be offered to



38 HISTORICAL.

the said volunteers. The evils of our exposed situ-
ation are alleviated by the assurance that we have in
our neighborhood, hearts to feel for our possible
sufferings, and hands to relieve them.

Resolved unanimously, that the proceedings of
this meeting be publislied in the paper of this place,
and in one of the Gazettes of Lexington, Kentucky,
and that a copy of them be transmitted by the chair-
man to the President of the United States.

Charles Gratiot,

Chairman.
James F. Hull,

Seci'etary.
July 11, 1812.

TOWlsr MEETING

of a large number of the principal inhabitants of St.
Louis held Monday, February 15, 1813, to consult
on the situation of the country in consequence of
the war.

Major Wm. Christy, Chairman, and Wm. C.
Carr, Secretary.

' ' Resolved, that a committee of five persons be
' ' appointed to take into consideration the situation
" of the town of St. Louis, and report thereon to a
" subsequent meeting of the inhabitants."

" Resolved, that Col. A. Chouteau, C. B. Pen-
"rose, Wm. Christy, B. Pratt and Ber'd G. Farrar
" be the committee."

" Resolved, that the said committee report on
**■ Wednesday next at 2 o'clock p. m.



COMMITTEE OF SAFETY. 39

Wednesday, February 17, 1813.

Pursuant to the resolutions of the 15th inst. , the
committee made their report to the present meeting,
which being read, with its accompanying resolutions,
were unanimously adopted, viz. : —

"■Resolved, that it is the unanimous opinion of this
'Assembly that the town of St. Louis ought to be
' fortified, or put in a state of defense, as speedily
' as practicable, and in order that the objects em-
' braced by these resolutions, equally dear and de-
' sii-able to us all, may be the more conveniently
' effected, it is furthermore,

'•'■Resolved unanimously that a committee of
' seven be appointed to be called and styled the
' ' Committee of Safety ' for the town of St. Louis,
* vested with absolute power not only to adopt and
' devise the best measures for our defense or fortifi-
' cations, but also to have the same carried into
' effect."

" Resolved, also, unanimously, that as soon as

' those measures of defense or fortification shall be

' adopted and made known by the said committee to

' the citizens of this place and those of the vicinity

' who may wish to be associated with them, the

' present assembly pledge themselves to support

' them, and to aid in carrying them into immediate

' operation."

Resolved, that the said committee shall apportion

as justly and equally as may be, according to the

property and means possessed by each person, the

proportion of work that may be necessary for them



40 HISTORICAL.

to perform ; and for as much as this is a free and
vohmtary association for objects common to us all,
to wit : the defense of our property and lives, and
the protection of our wives and children, it is
therefore " Resolved, that if any pei'son shall refuse
" or neglect to perform the portion of work requested
" of them as aforesaid, they shall and ought to be
" considered enemies to their country."

'■^Resolved, that Col. A. Chouteau, George Wil-
" son, William Christy, Francois Guyol, Robert Lu-
" cas, Clement B. Penrose and William Smith, be
" and they are hereby appointed the Committee of
" Safety for the town of St. Louis."

'•'■Resolved, lastly, that a copy of these proceedings
be presented by the ' Committee of Safety ' to each
inhabitant of St. Louis and its environs for their sig-
nature."

Wm. Christy, Chairman.

Wm. Co Caer, Sec.

Feb. 20, 1813.



LEGISLATURE OF MASSACHUSETTS.

A majority sent a remonstrance to Congress against
the war with Great Britain, and other measures of
the General Government.

A patriotic minority of the Legislature protested
against this action of the majority of their body, and
in an address to Congress, condemns the action of
the said majority as unwise and unpatriotic, and set



TEKEITORy TO BE CALLED MISSOURI. 41

forth their views upholding and sustaining the Gen-
eral Government in the war.

The address is signed on hehalf of the minority by
JoHi^r Holmes, Wm. Moody,
Solomon Aiken, Joshua Prentiss,
John Hunt, Ambrose Hall.

Boston, June 16, 1813.



Congressional
census of 1810,


Eepresentation under the
, approved December 21,


third
1811,


Eatio, 35,000.






99


1 !N"ew Hampshire, 6

2 Massachusetts, 20


10 Maryland,

11 Virginia,


9
23


3 Vermont,


6


12 IS'orth Carolina,


13


4 Ehode Island,


2


13 South Carolina,


9


5 Connecticut,


7


14 Georgia,


6


6 ]^ew York,


27


15 Kentucky,


10


7 ]S"ew Jersey

8 Pennsylvania^

9 Delaware,


6
23

2


16 Ohio,

17 Tennessee,

18 Louisiana,


6
6
1



99 182

The representative from Louisiana, was admitted
April 11, 1812.

congressional, relating to MISSOURI, ETC.

1812. June 4. Act changing the name Louisiana,
to Missouri Territory, and providing for a Terri-
torial Assembly, and a Delegate in Congress.
Gazette, July 18, 1812.



42 HISTORICAL.

TEOM MISSOUEI GAZETTE, SATURDAY, 'SOV. 14, 1812.

" Our first Territorial election was held on Mon-
" day last, as soon as we can procure complete re-
" turns we will publish them. We believe that
" Edward Hempstead is elected delegate to Con-
" gress."

The returns were never published.

Mr. Hempstead went to "Washington, in Decem-
ber, and was in his seat as Delegate, prior to Janu-
ary 7, 1813, date of his letter to Mr. Charless, of
the Gazette, and was his correspondent during the
session.

Gazette, Feb. 13, 1813.

1813. Jan. 15. Mr. H., from Missouri, spoke on
the bill to give further time to produce proofs to
Land Claims. The Act approved March 3, 1813.

1813. Monday, May 24. Special Session of the
13th Congress. Mr. Hempstead was in his seat,
and made several motions on June 4.'
This special session ended Aug. 2, 1813.
Edward Hempstead was Delegate from ]S'ov. 12,

1812, to Nov. 12, 1814. — 2 years.



PKO CL AM ATION

of the Governor, Wm. Clark, apportioning the rep-
resentation in the Territorial Assembly, according
to the census recently made, and ordering an elec-
tion for same on the first Monday in August, and
for a delegate to Congress.
July, 1814.



TERRITORIAL LEGISLATURE. 43

PROCLAMATION

of Governor Clark, announcing the result of the

election for Delegate to Congress, Monday, Aug. 1,

1814.

Eufus Easton, 948. Saml. Hammond, 744.

Alex. Mc^air, 854. Thos. F. Eiddick, 35.

Rufus Easton declared duly elected.
Sept. 24, 1814.

1814, ]S"ov. 16. Rufus Easton, Hempstead's suc-
cessor took his seat.
Gazette, Dec. 17, 1814.

Aug. 5, 1816. Election for Delegate to Congress.
John Scott, 1,816; R. Easton, 1,801; all others,
30; total, 3,647; Scott's plurality, 15, who re-
ceived the certificate of election, it was contested
by Easton, on the ground that the vote of Cote
Sans Dessein precinct, which had given Scott, 23,
and Easton but 1, was illegal, the judges not
having been sworn. This fact being established,
Congress ordered a new election to fill the va-
cancy, which came off Aug. 4, 1817 ; result John
Scott, 2,406; Rufus Easton, 2,014; total, 4,420;
Scott's majority, 392.

Sept. 27, 1817.



Tereitokial Legislature, From the Gazette.

GOVERlsrOR HOVTARD'S PROCLAMATIOISr,

1812, Oct. 1, dividing the Territory into five dis-
tricts or counties, and apportioning their repre-
sentation, based upon the U. S. census of 1810.



44 HISTORICAL.

1st. St. Charles, north of Mo.^Kiver to have 2

members ;
2d. St. Louis to Platin Creek to have 4 members ;
3d. St. Genevieve to Apple Creek to have 3

members ;
4th. Cape Girardeau to have 2 members ;
5th. jSTew Madrid to 33d degree to have 2 mem-
bers ; 13 in all ;
and ordering the election on 2d Monday of No-
vember (9th), next, and returns of same to be
made to the Governor.



HOUSE OF BBPEESENTATIVES.

1812, Monday, Dec. 7th ; ivom the Journal. First
Session .

The House assembled pursuant to the Gov-
ernor's proclamation in a room of the house of
Peter Chouteau, Sr., and w^ere qualified by Judge
J. B. C. Lucas.
Present :

From St. Charles, John Pittman and Robert
Spencer, 2.

From St. Louis, David Musick, Bernard G.
Parrar, Wm. C. Carr and Richard Caulk, 4.

From St. Genevieve, George Bullitt, Richard
S. Thomas and Israel McGrady, 3.

From Cape Girardeau, Geo. F. Bollinger and
Stephen Byrd, 2.

From JSTew Madrid, John Strader and Samuel
Phillips, 2; 13 in all.



LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL. 45

Hon : Wm. C. Carr was elected Speaker pro
tem., and Thomas F. Riddick, Clerk pro tern. ;
adjourned.
Tuesday, Dec. 8. A Committee on Eules and a
committee to wait on acting Gov. Bates, were
appointed ; adjourned.
"Wednesday, Dec. 9. Wm. C.'Carr elected perma-
nent Speaker.

They were in session six days, and adjourned on
Saturday, Dec. 12th without day, their only busi-
ness being to select eighteen persons to be sub-
mitted to the President of the United States, to
select therefrom nine, to compose the legislative-
council of the territory. And electing Andrew
Scott, clerk of the House. — Gazette, Dec. 19, 1812.

PROCLAMATION OF ACTING GOV. PRED'e BATES.

1813, June 3. That the President of the U. S. had
selected for the Legislative Council,

James Flaugherty and Benj. Emmons of St.
Charles, 2;

Augustus Chouteau and Samuel Hammond, of
St. Louis, 2 ;

John Scott and James Maxwell of St. Gene-
vieve, 2 ;

William ISTeely and George Cavener of Cape
Girardeau, 2 ;

And Joseph Hunter of Kew Madrid, 1 — 9 ;
and the first Monday of July was designated for
the first meeting of the General Assembly at St.
Louis.



46 HISTORICAL.

1813, July 5 — First Monday : —

Both houses united in an address to the new
Governor, Wm. Clark, signed by Wm. C. Carr,
Speaker of the House of Representatives, and
Samuel Hammond, Pres't of the Council, no date.

The Governor being absent on public business,
his reply to the address was not received until
July 26th.

Owing to the war, the special session soon ter-
minated — no official journal of its acts was ever
published.

SECOND SESSION OF THE EIR8T TERBITORIAL LEGIS-
LATURE.

1813, Monday, Dec. 6, present: —

George Bullitt, George F. Bollinger, Stephen
Byrd, Wm. C. Carr, Richard Caulk, Bern'd G.
Farrar, John Pittman, John Shrader, Robt. Spen-
cer — 9; George Bullitt was elected Speaker,
Andrew Scott, Clerk, and Wm. Sullivan, Door-
keeper, and house adjourned.

Tuesday, 7th. Israel McGrady in his seat, as also
Sam'l Phillips, 'New Madrid; Messrs. Pittman
and Caulk a committee to wait on the Governor.

Wednesday, 8th. The Governor met both branches
of the Legislature in the Representative Chamber
and delivered his address.

9th and 10th. Richard S. Thomas, St. Genevieve,
and Barnabas Harris, St. Louis, in their seats.

1814, Jan. 4. Act to regulate Elections approved.
''Elections to beheld on the first Monday of



CENSUS OF 18U.



47



" August, 1814, and every second year thereafter,
" and Legislatures to meet on the first Monday of
" December."
1814, Jan. 19. Samuel Hammond resigned his seat
in the Council, and James Maxwell of Ste. Gene-
vieve elected President in his place.
The house nominated Abraham Gallatin and
David Musick for the President's choice to fill this
vacancy. Adjourned sine die — Jan. 19.



TERRITORIAL CENSUS OF 1814.

1814, June 23. Proclamation of Governor Wm.
Clark, apportioning members of Assembly, and
ordering an election on 1st Monday of August.

St. Charles County . . . 1696 3 members

St. Louis do

Washington do

Ste. Genevieve do

Cape Girardeau

]S"ew Madrid

Arkansas .....



3149


6


do


1010


2


do


1741


3


do


2022


4


do


1548


3


• do


827


1


do



11993 22 members.



SECOND TERRITORIAL LEGISLATURE.

1814, Dec. 5; Monday; First Session; from the
Journal.

St. Charles County : John Pittman, Peter Jour-
ney and Jno. G. Heath, 3;



48 HISTOEICAL.

St. Louis County : Barnabas Harris, Rich'd
Cault, Wm. C. Caxr, Robert Simpson, Kincaid
Caldwell, 5 ;

Washington County : ISTicholas Wilson, Philip
McGuire, 2 ;

Ste. Genevieve County : Richard S. Thomas,
Jas. Caldwell, Aug. Demun, 3;

Cape Girardeau County : Stephen Byrd, Geo. F.
Bollinger, Robert English, and Joseph Sewell, 4 ;

ISTew Madrid County : John Davidson, Geo. C.
Hart, Hy. H. Smith, 3.

Arkansas County, 1 — 22.

James Caldwell, of Ste. Genevieve, elected
Speaker ; Andrew Scott, Clerk ; William Sullivan,
Doorkeeper.

Wm. l^eely elected President Council, to suc-
ceed James Maxwell, deed.

Seth Emmons, Representative of St. Louis
County, had died, and Chas. Lucas was elected
to the vacancy.

John Rice Jones and Alexander Henry were
named to fill the vacancy of Maxwell, dec'd, and
Jones appointed by the President.
Tues. 6. — Governor's Message received.

Legislature occupied two rooms in Sanguinet's
bouse.

Session closed in January, 1815.
Proceedings not found in Gazette.

SECOND LEGISLATURE, SECOND SESSION.

1815. Monday, Dec. 4, at the house of Mad'e Du-
breuil, Second Street, from



THIRD LEGISLATURE. 49

St. Charles — John Pittman, Peter Journey
and John G. Heath, 3 ;

St. Louis — Barnabas Harris, Eichard Caulk,
Eobert Simpson, Win. C. Carr, Kincaid Cald-
well, and Charles Lucas, 6 ;

Washington — Hardage Lane and Stephen P.
Austin, 2 ;

Ste. Genevieve — James Caldwell, Isadore
Moore, and August Demun, 3 ;

Cape Girardeau — Stephen Byrd, George P.
Bollinger, Robert English and Joseph Sewell, 4 ;

Kew Madrid — Eobert D. Dawson and John
Davidson, 2.

Arkansas — Henry Cassidy, 1 — 21.

James Caldwell, elected Speaker.

Andrew Scott, Clerk.

William Sullivan, Doorkeeper.
Adjourned sine die, Thursday, Jan. 25, 1816.

Matthias McGirk was in the Council from St.
'Charles.

THIBD LEGISLATURE.

1816. Pirst Monday, Dec. 2nd.

St. Charles — Hugh McDermid, — Evans, and —
Spencer, 3 ;

St. Louis — Edward Hempstead, James Mackey,
John Coons, Jno. W- Honey, Barnabas Harris,
Jesse Murphy, and Jno. E. Allen, 7 ;

Washington — Hardage Lane and. Stephen P.
Austin, 2 ;

Ste. Genevieve — l!^athaniel Cookj Isadore
Moore and John McArthur, 3 :



50 HISTORICAL.

Cape Girardeau — G-eo. F. Bollinger, Robert
English and John Dunn, 3 ;

New Madrid — Robert D. Dawson, 1.

Arkansas — Edward Hogan, 1;

Howard — Benjamin Cooper, James Alcorn, 2 ;

Lawrence — Joseph Hardin and Alex. S.
Walker, 2 — 24.

Edward Hempstead, Speaker.

Andrew Scott, Clerk.

William Sullivan, Doorkeeper.
House adjourned sine die, Saturday, Feby. 1,.

1817.

LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL, MONDAY, DEO. 2, 1816.

St. Charles — Benjamin Emmons.

St. Louis — John Ward.

Washington — Samuel Perry.

Ste. Genevieye — Joseph Bogy.

Cape Girardeau — William [N'eely .

ISTew Madrid — Joseph Hunter.

Arkansas — James Cummins.

Lawrence — Richard Murphy.

Wm . JS'eely , President, unanimously ; Joseph
v. Garnier, Sec'y.

The only time the Council doings were printed,
Deer. 17, 1816; and Feb. 15, 1817.



1816. April 29; An Act of Congress amending
the Act of June 4, 1812, in relation to the Leg-
islative Council, fixing the number at one member
from each County, to be elected by the voters at
each general election to serve two years.



SPECIAL SESSION. 51

The Legislature to meet biennially, in lieu Of
annual sessions.

Enumeration of white males in 1818, and appor-
tionment of members of the Legislature under the
same, the ratio being afterwards raised to 700.

Howard County 3,386 6 Mem. Surplus 386

366
225
205
245

9a
169

29
327



Sjt. Charles County ....2,866 5

St. Louis County 4,725 9

Ste. Genevieve County. 2, 205 4

Washington County .....1,245 2

Cape Girardeau County. 2, 593 5

New Madrid County... 669 1

Lawrence County 1,529 3

Arkansas County 827 1



20,045 36 2,045



PROCLAMATION OF GOV. WILLIAM CLARK,

August 31, 1818, convening a special session of the
Legislature of the Territory of Missouri, on the
fourth Monday, October the 26th, 1818, at B.
Maury's Hotel, on Second Street.

From Howard County, John Adams, Samuel
Brown, David Jones, Daniel Munro, Thomas
Eogers and George Tompkins, 6.

From St. Charles County, Hugh McDermid, Chris-
topher Clark, Wm. Smith, James Talbot and Ira
Cottle, 5.

From St. Louis County, David Barton, Barnabas
Harris, Hy. S. Geyer, Eobert Wash, John W-
Harvfey, Jno. C. Sullivan, Marie P. Leduc,.
Daniel Eichardson, David Musick, 9.



52 HISTORICAL.

From Washington County, Lionel Brown and

Stephen F. Austin, 2.
From St. Genevieve County, Isadore Moore, Davis

F. Marks, William Shannon and Joab Walters, 4.
From Cape Girardeau, Johnson Ranney, Robert

English, Joseph Sewell, Erasmus Ellis and James

Ravenscroft, 5.
From Kew Madrid County, Stephen Ross, 1.
From Lawrence County, Perry G. Magness, Joseph

Harden and Jno. Davidson, 3. .
From Arkansas County, Edmund Hogan, 1 — 36.
Organization, David Barton, elected Speaker

unanimously ; Andrew Scott, Clerk j William

Sullivan, Door-keeper.

Fred'k Bates, Acting Governor, delivered his
message.

John C. Sullivan, St. Louis, resigned his seat,
and Chas. S. Hempstead, elected.

THE LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL.

Benjamin Emmons, St. Charles, President.

Thomas F. Riddick, St. Louis.

Samuel Perry, Washington.

Jno. D. Cook, St. Genevieve.

Geo. F. Bollinger, Cape Girardeau.

Robert D. Dawson, l^ew Madrid.

Henry Cassiday, Arkansas.

Adjourned sine die December 23rd, 1818. The
journal was printed to December the 12th. This,
the last territorial Legislature, adopted a memorial
to Congress, praying the establishment of, a State
Government.



POST-OFFICE. 5-J



POST-OI'FIOE AT ST. LOUIS, FROM GAZETTE.

1808. Established in the Spring of 1808.

Col. Eufus Baston appointed by the President
first Postmaster at St. Louis. His first quarterly
list of letters remaining in the P. O. June 30,
1808, was forty.

1808, Aug. 10. An article in the Gazette complains
of the failure of the mails from Vincennes and St.
Genevieve to Cahokia, from which place another
rider brings them to St. Louis and St. Charles.
These were all the mail routes then west of Indi-
ana and Kentucky. Mails from Philadelphia and
IN^ew York usually about six weeks on their way,
and from Europe three months.

1809, Jan'y. 25. " No mail from the east for more
"than two months. Excessively cold and no
" thermometer in the place to record the degree."

1810, ]N^ov. 7. Rufus Easton, Postmaster, advertises
for carrying the mails once a fortnight from St.
Louis, by Mine a Burton (now Potosi), to St.
Genevieve.

IS^ov. 14. The mails from St. Louis to Cahokia
east, once a week. St. Louis to Herculaneum,
Mine a Burton and St. Genevieve once in two
weeks, and St. Louis to St. Charles once a week.
Easton was Postmaster for 6 1-2 years, and
kept the Post-ofiice at his residence. Elm and
Third, and getting tired of it turned it over to his
brother-in-law, Doct. Robert Simpson, in Octo-
ber, 1814, who being in the drug business, kept



54 HISTORICAL.

the P. O. in his store ; he was Postmaster four
years.

Capt. A. T. Crane, late of the Army, succeed-
ed Simpson in October, 1818; he died in 1819,
holding the office a year.

Col. Elias Kector, the fourth, succeeded Capt.
Crane in 1819, and died in 1822, being in office
three years. The P. O. was then in the old man-
sion of Mrs. Chouteau, southwest corner of Main
and Chestnut streets.



MISCELLAKEOUS ITEMS, EROM GAZETTE.

1809, June 14. Some straggling loway Indians, in-
festing the country on the other side, between
Cahokia and Wood river for several weeks, steal-
ing pigs, etc., crawling on all fours, and imitating
the notes of the mud-lark. One poor devil being
more successful than the rest in his imitations, and
being obscured by the bushes, was fired on and
killed. This has put a stop for the present to their
depredations.

Sept. 27. A brief notice of the death at Yienna,
May 31st, of Haydn, the celebrated composer of
music.



1^10, Sept. 21. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, of
South Carolina, has been promoted from the Pres-
idency of the Jockey Club, to the Presidency of
the Bible Society in Charleston.

" The kingdom of Heaven suffereth violence,
" and the violent take it by force."



DINNER TO GOV. HOWARD. 55

1811, Jan. 16. notice.

Several persons having shown to the monks of
Latrappe, a desire to purchase watches, if they
would sell them for trade — the said monks, in
order to satisfy everybody, give notice to the pub-
lic, that until the end of the year 1811, they will
sell watches, clocks, and other silver-smith work,
and also fine horses, for the following articles in
trade — viz. : wheat, corn, linen, beef, pork, cat-
tle, leather, tallow, blankets, etc.

Ukban Guillet,
Of the monks of Latrappe, at the mound, 9 miles
from Cahokia.
N. B. Cheaper for money.



GOVEKKOE HOWARD.

1810, Sept. 27. On Monday, the 24th inst., a pub-
lie dinner was tendered by the citizens of St.
Louis to Gov. Howard.

In the evening the Assembly Eoom was thrown
open to a crowded assemblage of beauty and
fashion, when the lovers of the mazy dance en-
joyed themselves until morning.



BATTLE OF TIPPECANOE, NOV. 7, 1811.

1812, Feb. 15. A full return of the killed and
wounded at this battle is given by the Adjutant
Col. John O'Fallon in this Gazette with names
of the officers.



56 HISTOEICAL.



Nov. 21, 1812. GOV. HOWAKD.



A dinner was given by a large number of citi-
zens of St. Louis on this day, to Gov. Howard,
as a mark of their appreciation of his efficiency in
the measures taken by him for the defense of the
Territory.



1813, May 8th. Eobert Steuart, Ramsey Crooks,
Joseph Miller and Robert McClelland, with three
hunters, arrived a few days ago from the mouth
of the Columbia river.



PROGRESS.



In despite of the Savages, Indian and British,
the country is progressing in improvements. A red
and white lead manufactory has been established in
this place by a citizen of Philadelphia, by the name
of Hartzhog.* This enterprising citizen has caused
extensive works to be erected, to which he has added
a handsome brick house, on our principal street, for
retailing merchandise.

We understand that his agent here has already
sent several hundred thousand weight of manufac-
tured lead to the Atlantic States.

Editorial, July 17th, 1813.



* This was Joseph Hertzog, of Philadelphia, uncle to Christian and
Andrew Wilt.



COL. DANIEL BOONE. 57

NO NEWS ! ! !

We are again tantalized with a defalcation in the
mail department ; the weather is too warm for these
tender gentry to travel, and the Postmasters are too
good natured to tell tales at Washington. How the
Shawaneetown Postmaster can get- over his oath is



Online LibraryFrederic Louis BillonAnnals of St. Louis in its territorial days, from 1804 to 1821; being a continuation of the author's previous work, the Annals of the French and Spanish period → online text (page 3 of 24)