Frederic Louis Billon.

Annals of St. Louis in its territorial days, from 1804 to 1821; being a continuation of the author's previous work, the Annals of the French and Spanish period online

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Online LibraryFrederic Louis BillonAnnals of St. Louis in its territorial days, from 1804 to 1821; being a continuation of the author's previous work, the Annals of the French and Spanish period → online text (page 4 of 24)
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not an easy task to tell — for he swears he will
faithfully perform his duties.

The Post-office law says he must employ a rider in
case of failure in those who have the contract.

Editorial, Aug. 14, 1813.


In a part of our impression of last week we an-
nounced the approach of our red hrethren in consid-
erable force ; late on Saturday night an express
arrived with a contradiction of the report, but too
late to stop the march of the volunteers ; numbera
had rode off to the frontier to join in the repulsion
of the savages. We understand that the propaga-
tor of the mischievous story has been severely pun-

August 14, 1813.


For the relief of Col. Daniel Boone, confirms to
him 1000 arpents of land, claimed by him under a
grant, bearing date January 28, 1798, and the Re-
corder of Land titles, for the territory of Missouri,


is directed to issue to 'the said Boone, a certificate

for the same.


James Madisok, PresH.
Jan. 17, 1814.


1814. In the spring of this year, Governor Clark
started with five barges and about 200 volunteers,
under Capts. Yeizer and Sullivan, and 60 U. S-
Regulars under Lieuts. Joseph Perkins and Geo.
H. Kennerly, to take possession of Prairie du
Chien, which, although an American Territory,
was still occupied by Indians and traders to the
exclusion of Americans, and establish a garrison
there — which having accomplished, and com-
menced the erection of a fort, Clark returned to
St. Louis with his volunteers in July, leaving the
regulars to garrison the place.

In the summer of 1814, many families and indi-
viduals were surprised and butchered by Indians
within a short distance of St. Louis, on Wood
Eiver, Illinois, several families in St. Charles
County, etc.


on Sunday, Sept. 18, 1814, of a short but severe
illness, is announced.
Sept. 24, 1814.



In a short editorial to his patrons, informs them,
that the large increase to his subscription list, in-
duces him to order a new printing press, paper and
materials for a paper of larger size — which he will
receive by the first arrivals in the spring.

Dec. 17, 1814.

Also a notice of the death at Washington City,
of Elbridge Gerry, Vice-President of the United
States, on Nov. 24.


The subscribers are anxious to raise an infantry
company of young men between 14 and 18 years of
age, to do duty when called upon, south of the Mis-
souri river. Those who wish to join, first obtaining
the consent of their parents, will apply to

Edward Charless or John Russ.

Jan. 21, 1815.

1815, Feb. I^ews received of Jackson's victory at
l!^ew Orleans on Jan. 8. A Solemn High Mass
and Te Deum was celebrated in the church, and a
patriotic discourse by the Rev'd Father Savigne.


Extract from Major-Gen. Carroll to W. Tanne-
hlll, at U. S. Saline.

I!^EW Orleans, Jan. 18, 1815.

" I pass over the battle of the 23d, etc., and in-
form you of the event of the 8th inst. At daybreak


they advanced in great force on the left of our line
where the Tennessee militia were stationed. At 75
yards distance, they displayed column under a heavy
fire from our small arms, grape and cannister and ar-
tillery. They came within a few paces of our works,
but were repulsed with great loss. They were soon
reinforced, and renewed the attack with double vigor,
but were again repulsed and routed, in two hours the
battle was over, not more than about 400 had reached
our entrenchments, such as were not killed were made
prisoners. Their loss was about 500 killed, 1000
wounded and prisoners. Total in this battle, 1,500.

Lieut. -General Sir Edward Packenham, brother-
in-law of the Duke of Wellington, Major-General
Keene and other officers of high rank killed.
Americans killed, 6 ; wounded, 24 ; total, 30.

Feb. 11, 1815.


New Orleai^s, Jan. 14, 1815.

The enemy have re-embarked leaving their
wounded and prisoners, they landed 9,966 men, after
the action 1,906 were missing in the next morning's
report. They acknowledge a loss in the various en-
gagements of over 3,600. Their total loss may be
fairly put down at 4,000.

Feb. 18, 1815.


will be fired this evening, and the citizens are re-
quested to illuminate their windows in honor of the


brilliant success of the American arms at IsTew

Feb. 18, 1815.


The news Avas received at Philadelphia, on Sunday,
the 12th of February, by the British sloop of war
Favorite, at ISTew York, the 10th, and was ratified at
"Washington on the 17th, the President's Procla-
mation announcing the same, was issued on the
18th, and appeared in the Gazette of Saturday,
March 25th, with a copy of the Treaty in full.


In a hand-bill published by Major Berry, on Tues-
day last, I have been severely censured, and charged
with making ^'^ fallacious and disrespectful remarhs,^''
in publishing an account of his mission to Rock
River. Those who may have read the last Q-azette,
and his hand-bill will acquit me of fallacy; 'tis true
' I did not give his report in full, because I always
give preference to merit in the selections for my
paper. On the charge of disrespect, I must plead
want of information, for until the Major informed
me that he ranked as Major in the line, and was a
Deputy Quartermaster General, I was ignorant of
the matter. But should my pen or press be employed
in recording any of his achievements in future, I
will announce him. Major Taylor Berry, Deputy
Quartermaster General. Jos. Charless.

May 6, 1815.



assembled at the City of Washington, to curtail the
army, has performed that unpleasant task and retired.

The Army Register, according to the new estab-
lishment, has been printed and published by author-
ity at Washington.

The United States are formed into two Military
Divisions, the North and South. General Brown to
command the former, and Greneral Jackson the
latter, as Major Generals. Under General Brown,
Generals Ripley and Macomb, will serve as Briga-
diers, as will Gaines and Scott under Gen. Jackson.

June 17, 1815.


1816. In the Spring of this year. Judge Jno. B. C.
Lucas laid out his addition to the Town of St.
Louis on the hill west of Fourth Street. His first
deed for a lot in this addition was to the County
of St. Louis for the northwest quarter of Block
No. 114, upon which to erect a County Jail, the*
lot was 135 feet on Chestnut Street by 115 on
6th. The Jail was commenced in 1817, but for
want of funds it progressed slowly, and was not
completed until the winter of 1819-20. The build-
ing covered nearly the whole lot, with the excep-
tion of a small portion reserved from the south
part of the lot for a Jail yard. It was used as
such for many years, and on the completion of
the Four Courts it was removed, and the Laclede
Hotel now occupies its site.



The Gazette announces the death in Baltimore on
the 3rd, December ult., of this venerable Prelate, in
the eightieth year of his age.

July 13, 1816.


Approved March 25, 1816, provides for the Reg-
istry of Lands in the District of St. Louis. Notice
is given by Alex. McIsTair, Register, that the Land
Office at St. Louis is now open for the entry of
Lands, &c.
June 13, 1816.


The Georgetovpn Messenger, of Sept. 22d, an-
nounces that: "Yesterday morning between the
" hours of 9 and 10 o'clock, Tobias Lear, Esq., ac-
" countant of the War Department, put a period to
"his existence by shooting himself through the-

" We have not as yet learned the causes which led
"to the perpetration of this unhappy deed; Mr,
" Lear was naturally cheerful and pleasant; on the-
"fatal morning, Mr. Lear breakfasted with his
" family in his usual good humor, and was proceed-
" ing, as they thought, to his office, when the re-
" port of a pistol was heard from the back part of
" the garden. Mr. Lear, son of the deceased, im-
" mediately proceeded to the spot from whence the


"sound appeared to issue, and found his father
^' weltering in his blood."
-Nor. 30, 1816.

In the year 1811 James Baird, a blacksmith,
put up a large frame building for his shop on 3rd,
below Spruce. It was afterwards used for other
purposes ; theatricals, exhibitions, religious meet-
ings, preaching, etc., etc., but was for some years
generally called the Theatre.

1816, Oct. 5. Divine service will be performed in the
Theatre on Sunday, "the 27th inst., by the Eev'd
Mr. Blackburn, from Tennessee.

1816, Oct. 12. The Eev'd Mr. Brown, from Vir-
ginia, will perform divine service at the Theatre
to-morrow, to commence at 11 o'clock a. m.

1816, Nov. 16. The Eev'd Mr. Giddings will
preach at the 'Theatre to-morrow at 11 o'clock

a. in.

1817, April 26.

"In Boonsborough, Maryland, by the Eev'd
"Frederick Underducker, Mr. Michael Lingum-
' ' f eltz to Miss Kitty Fertzelhunter — the brides-
" maid was Miss Peggy Shellhammer and grooms-
" man Mr. John Smackpepper."

1817, Sept. 13. Mr. August P. Chouteau, Mr.
Demun and companions, after forty-eight days'
confinement in the prison of Santa Fe, returned on
Sunday last to their rejoicing families and friends.



1818, April 10. A KESOLUTION"

of the House of Representatives of the United
States calling on the President for any informa-
tion he may possess, relating to the imprisonment
at Santa Fe, ISTew Mexico, of Aug. P. Chouteau,
Julius Demun, Robert McKnight, James Baird,
J. Harro and others adopted.




1809, Mar. 8.

jfof. President.
James Madison .
Chas. C. Pinckney
George Clinton


. 48
. 6

George Clinton .
Rufus King . .
Scattering . . .


Total votes



1813, April 17.
James Madison .
George Clinton .


Elbridge Gerry .
C. I. IngersoU



Total . .



1817, Mar. 29.
James Monroe
Rufus King .

183 Dan'lD. Tompkins 183
31 Scattering ... 31





1810. Third U. S. Census, for Missouri Territory.
District of St. Charles, 3,505; St. Louis, 5,667;
St. G-enevieve, 4,620; Cape Girardeau, 3,888;
New Madrid, 2,103 ; Hope and St. Francois, 188 ;
Arkansas, 874. Total Territory, 20,845.

1815, Dec. 9. By John W. Thompson, Sheriff.
Town of St. Louis, 2,000; whole county, 7,395;
gain in 2 years, 1,200.

1820, Aug. 1. U. S. Census, Town about 4,000;
whole county, 9,732.


1817. Opposite St. Louis, was laid out by John
McKnight and Thomas Brady, in Oct., 1817.

In 1818, Mr. Charless issued his first Missouri
Almanac, which he continued annually for many

1818. THE U. 8. LAKD OFFICE,

for the entry of Public Lands was opened early in
1818, Alexander MclS'air, Register, and Samuel
Hammond, Receiver. The county had been sur-
veyed in 1817 by Wm. S. Pettus, a Deputy U. S.

erin benevolent society. qf

1818. mechanics' benevolent society,

April 17, organized, Joseph Charless, Sr., Presi-
dent, and Abraham Keys, Secretary,


A meeting of Irishmen to form a benevolent so-
ciety was held at the house of Jeremiah Connor.
Thomas Brady, Chairman, and Thomas Hanly^
Sec'y. A committee of five, Jeremiah Connor,
James McGunnegle, John Mullanphy, Alex.
Blackwell and Arthur Magenis, was appointed
to frame resolutions. Adjourned to meet Tuesday
24th inst., at 10 o'clock A. M., at the house of
Thomas Brady.

1819, Oct. 10. A meeting of Irish Citizens, held
at the house of Jeremiah Connor, at which he pre-
sided, and James ISTagle, Esq., acted as Secretary,
adopted a Constitution for the " Erin Benevolent
Society," and adjourned to Thursday, the 21st,
for an election for officers, etc.

Oct. 21. Met pursuant to adjournment, and pro-
ceeded to the election. Jeremiah Connor, Prest. j
Thomas Hanly, Vice-Prest. ; Hugh Eanken,
Treas. ; Laurence Ryan, Sec. ; Thos. Enghsh,
James Timon, Robt. ]S^. Catherwood, Joseph
Charless and Hugh O'JSTeil, Standing Committee,
and John Timon, Eobt. Ranken and Frans. Roch-
ford, Visiting Committee.


ST. Patrick's day.

1820, March 17. The first observance of the day in
St. Louis occurred on this day, by a procession of
the Society, and a dinner, at which a number of
toasts and sentiments were drank — the first one
"The 17th of March, the 1326th' Anniversary,


organized this year, was composed of Manuel Lisa,
President; Thomas Hempstead, Joshua Pilcher,
Joseph Perkins, Andrew Woods, Moses B. Car-
son, Jno. B. Zenoni, Andrew Drips and Robert
Jones — 9.


1819. The Eev'd John "Ward, Episcopalian, from
Lexington, Ky., preached at the Baptist Church,
corner of 3rd and Market, on Sunday, Oct. 7th,
the first sermon to the few Episcopalians at that
day in St. Louis.

Dec. 8. After due notice, a tneeting took place at
the ofiice of Thos. P. Riddick on Monday, Dec.
6, 1819, to elect Wardens and Yestry men for
the congregation of Christ Church about to be
formed — and the following gentlemen were
elected to serve until Easter Monday, 1820:

Thos. P. Riddick and Wilson P. Hunt, for
Wardens ; Wm. Stokes, Jos. Y . Garnier, Robert


Wash, Wm. Rector, Henry Von Phnl, James
Kennerly, James Clemens, Jr., and Sam'] Ham-
mond, for Vestry men.

Theodobe Hunt, Manager of Election.

Mr. John Ward was the first "Rector for some

Their first church was a large one story frame
of 30 feet by 70, on the west side of 2nd, just
below Walniit, which they occupied for 'some
years, and in 1826 built their first brick at the
northwest corner of Chestnut and Third, on the
ground now covered by the southeast corner of
the Merchants' Exchange building. Mr. Ward
being succeeded by the Rev'd Thos. Horrell as

1819, June 9. A meeting of citizens was held at
Col. Riddick's auction house, to make prepara-
tions for the reception of the President, James
Monroe, then on a Western tour, and expected
in St. Louis.

But after reaching IS'ashville, Tenn., he was
unexpectedly called back to Washington by im-
portant public business.


Until recent years, and that not very long back,
we had no "Legal Holidays" made so by enact-

The Fourth of July, our only national day for
many years, after we had accomplished our Inde-


pendence grew to be generally observed, in cities
and large towns by military displays, and other
festivities, and in small communities by public din-
ners, balls and parties.


July 4, a public dinner at which Mr. Timothy
Kibbey was President, and Francis Saucier, Vice-


At the house of Capt. Tabor Washburn, Shad-
rack Bond, President ; Abijah Ward, Yice-Prest.

Peter Darling and other citizens to fire the
fieldpiece, one gun at day hraJce, followed by 17

At one o'clock P. M. Mr. Murphy sang a
hymn and delivered an appropriate prayer.

Then the address by Jacob A. Boyes, Esqr.,
commencing " Fellow Citizens, Brother and Sis-
" ter Republicans, we are once more met to cele-
" brate," etc., etc.

" Then the dinner, with 17 regular toasts, and
" a number of volunteer sentiments by the ladies ;
Ist, by Mrs. McClure — 'Long may we enjoy peace
" and equality, and our religious and civil rights,
" under the auspicious wings of the American
'' Eagle.' "
2nd, by Miss Jane McClure— " The genius of the
" seventeenth century. Dr. Priestley."


3rd, by Mrs. Coats — "Perpetual disappointment

" to the enemies of the Union."
4th, by Mrs. Blair — "The memory of General

"Washington and all the heroes of 1776."

Amongst the guests at the celebration was

Jabez Warner, afterwards constable of St. Louis,

who lost an arm at a 4th of July celebration.

1809. July 4th. at st. louis.

A dinner given by Capt. Rezin Webster in
Lee's orchard,* and a ball at night in the Masons'

1810. A dinner at Major Wm. Christy's tavern.

1811. A dinner at Major Christy's, Governor
Howard in the chair.

1812. A parade of Capt. McNair's troop of horse
and Col. Musick's company of riflemen. The
' ' Declaration of Independence ' ' read at the
Court House by Edward Hempstead, and an
oration by James T. Hull.

Then a dinner at Major Christy's, Silas Bent,
Esqr., President, and Bernard Pratte, Vice-Pres't.

1813. A celebration is mentioned, but no account
of it given.

1817. A dinner prepared by Mr. Mills in Mr. Did-
ier's orchard, at which Col. Samuel Hammond
was President and Judge Silas Bent, Yice-Pres't.

♦ Between Main and Second, Myrtle and Spruce.


1818. By the St. Louis Mechanics' Benevolent
Society, joined by a large number of the most
respectable citizens of St. Louis, Joseph Charless
was President and Chas. W- Hunter, Yice-Pres't.
The Declaration of Independence was read by
Col. Thomas F. Riddick, and dinner prepared by
Mr. Horrocks.

1819. A number of gentlemen partook of a dinner
in Mr. Peter Didier's orchard, prepared by Mr.
Horrocks, at which the Company sat down at B
P. M., Col. Auguste Chouteau presiding, and
Wm. C. Carr, Doct. Pryor Quarles and Col.
John Miller, Yice-Presidents.

A portrait of Greorge Washington over the
President's chair, surmounted by a large, live

Another celebration took place at Lucas'
Spring, where a dinner was provided, James
Loper, President, and David B. Hill, Vice-Prest.


1817, Feb. 22. First celebration in St. Louis, by
a dinner at Kibby's "Washington Hall, in his ele-
gant Ball room. Gov. Wm. Clark, President,
and Col. MclS'air, Yice-President.


1815, May 11. A new steamboat, the Pike, built at
Henderson, on the Ohio, made the trip up to
Louisville, 250 miles, 67 hours, against the cur-
rent — 3 ^/4 miles an hour.


1817, Aug. 9. The steamboat Pike arrived at St.
Louis July 27th.

1817, Oct. 4. The steamboat Constitution, Capt.
Gruyard, for Xew Orleans the 9th, airived — will
make an excursion to Bellefontaine on Tuesday
the 7th, for tickets apply to Robert Collett.

1819, May 5. The steamboat Maid of Orleans ar-
rived at IS^ew Orleans from Philadelphia on Feb.
1, 1819, and at St. Louis on Monday evening, May

May 11. The steamboat Independence, Capt. JSTel-
son, arrived at St. Louis, left for Franklin on
the Missouri, Sunday, the 16th — returned to St.
Louis, Saturday, June 5 ; absent on the trip, 21
days ; the first steamboat to ascend the Missouri.^

Wednesday 12. The steamer Expedition, Capt.
Craig, for the Yellow^stone, arrived.

Wednesday 19. The steamer Johnson passed here
with troops for the Yellowstone.


For the first ten years after our acquisition of the
country, theatricals practically were unknown in St.
Louis. But toward the close of the year 1814, the
population of the place having increased to near
2,000, including a large number of young men from
the eastern cities, an amateur dramatic association
was organized under the style of the " Thespian


The only building- in the place, at that time, suffi-
ciently large for their purpose, was a large one-story
frame, built by James Baird for a blacksmith's shop
in 1811, on the west side of 3rd, below Spruce. It
had a front of about 40 feet, with a depth of 80 feet.

They procured the use of this building, closed the
large door, the only opening in front, opened a new
side entrance through the vacant lot on the north,
erected a small stage at the west end, with seats in
front rising gradually back to the front of the build-
ing, and this was the Theatre for a number of years.


Friday evening, Jan. 6, 1815.

A comedy called " The School for Authors," and
the much admired farce of " The Budget of


Saturday evening, March 4, 1815.

The celebrated comedy of "The Heir at Law,"
and the much admired farce of "Fortune's


Friday evening, March 81, 1815.

The favorite comedy, "The Poor Gentleman;"
with the afterpiece, " Hit or Miss."

The Thespian Society will present Monday even-
ing, Dec. 30, 1816, the five-act play called " Lovers
Vows," and the farce of "Killing no Murder."


Excellent music provided, dooi's open at half -past five,
performance to commence at half-past six. Tickets
to be had at Mr. James Kemaerly's store, arid at the
Post-office, on the day preceding, and at the bar of
the Theatre on the evening of performance.
Price one dollar, children half price.

The Thespian Society v^^ill present on Thursday
evening, Jan. 16, 1817, a comedy in five acts, " Se-
crets Worth Knov^ring," and farce in two acts," The
Agreeable Surprise."

The Thespian Society vnll present on Saturday
evening, Jan. 25, 1817, Home's celebrated tragedy,
in five acts, " Douglass," and the farce m two acts,
"Who's the Dupe."

Early in the spring of 1818, Mr. Turner opened in
this theatre with a small company, the first profes-
sional actors that came to St. Louis.

For Master Turner's benefit, last night but three.

On Friday evening, April 24, 1818, the tragedy of
^' George Barnwell, the London Apprentice," and
the admired farce, the " Children in the Wood."



American Independence — In honor of the day.

On Saturday evening, July 4, 1818, Hook's cele-
brated melodrama, " Tekeli or Siege of Montgatz."
Patriotic Address as the genius of America, Mrs.
Turner; Song, Mr. King, and farce "Yankee



Saturday evening-, July 25, 1818. Benefit of Mrs.
Vos. The play of " Henry 4th or humors of Sh"
John Falstaff ," and farce of Intriguing valet.


Wednesday evening, July 29, 1818. Benefit of Mr.
Vos. " King Richard Third " and " Raising the


Was a small frame of about 40 by 80 feet, built
by Isaac H. Gi-riffith, a carpenter, in the rear of his
lot on Main, between Olive and Locust, about the
centre of the block ; entrance by a narrow alley from
Main street. The first performance in this theatre
was on Monday evening, February 1, 1819, by the


with the comedy of "She Stoops to Conquer," and
the farce of the " Village Lawyer."

The second performance by the society, Thursday,
March 11, 1819, tragedy, the " Revenge," and farce
" Jew and Doctor."


Feb. 2, 1820. For the benefit of Mrs. Yos. The
" Jew and Doctor," and the farce of the " Tooth-
ache," with songs and recitations.



1818, May 25. Christian Wilt, James Kennerly,
George H. Kennerly, John E. Guy, Thomas Han-
ley, Chas. S. Hempstead, Oliver C. Smith, William
Turner, Robert Simpson, Jabez Warner, Thos.
F. Eiddick, Henry S. Geyer, James Loper,
Thomas Hempstead, Eobert Wash and Stephen
Eector, and others, subscribed to an agreement
for the pm-pose of building a theatre, and appoint-
ed Thomas Hempstead, Jno. W- Thompson and
Christopher M. Price, managers, to purchase a lot
and superintend the building.

They purchased a lot 50 feet front on the
south side of Chestnut, by 120 feet deep, for
$1,500 ; upon this lot they erected the foundation
walls, when the funds gave out and the project
fell through. The old foundation remained there
for some years. The property changed hands, and a
frame livery stable was erected thereon, and stood
for some years, occujjied successively by B. W.
Alexander, Bob O'Blenis and others ; finally the
Arnots were the last, and put up the present
building, now the police office, east and adjoining
the Republican building.


1814, Jan. 15. Eugene Leitensdorfer's exhibition
of slight of hand ; admission 50 and 25 cents.


1817, Jan. 25. An exhibition in Mr. Everhart's
room of " wire dancing and balancing."

Feb. 22. "grand concert."

On Saturday, March 1, at the theatre, will be per-
formed a grand concert of music, by Messrs.
" Thomas and Louther," assisted by several ama-

1818, THEATEE.

April 11. Benefit of Mr. Martin; comedy of

Online LibraryFrederic Louis BillonAnnals of St. Louis in its territorial days, from 1804 to 1821; being a continuation of the author's previous work, the Annals of the French and Spanish period → online text (page 4 of 24)