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Frederic Louis Billon.

Annals of St. Louis in its territorial days, from 1804 to 1821; being a continuation of the author's previous work, the Annals of the French and Spanish period online

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Bent's farm.
June 19, 1818.

JOHN O. POTTEK,

Lumber business.
June 26, 18*18.

EENSHAW & HOFFMAN,

removed to Sign of the Plough, opposite to Henry
Yon Phul & Co.
July 1, 1818.

JAMES CLEMENS & CO.,

Main, third door above the Market.
July 24, 1818.

HORATIO COZENS,

Law Office, in Douglass' new brick.
July 24, 1818.



BUSINESS NOTICES. 149

SAMUEL R. OBBR,

large stock new goods, next below CoUett and
Daly.

July 31, 1818.

WM. PROUT & SON,

New Goods, just opened, in Clark's old Indian
Office.
August 19, 1818.

THE OLD LIVERY STABI^,

8. e. corner Third and Main Cross Street.
Aug. 19, 1818.



Just from 'New York, with IN'ew Goods, at the
store of Dent and Rearick.
Sept. 4, 1818.

JONATHAJSr GUEST,

has just opened his new goods from Philadelphia,
in Major Douglass' new brick.
Sept. 4, 1818.

CHAS. WAHRENDOREE & CO.

removed to next below the new Banking House.
Sept. 11, 1818.

MADAME PBRDREAUVILLE'S

Academy for Young Ladies, Music, Dancing,
French, etc.
Sept. 18, 1818.



150 BUSINESS NOTICES.

KUFUS E ASTON AND KTJFUS PETTTBONE,

Land Agency Office.
Sept. 25, 1818.

HBIfRY W. CONWAY & OO.

offer $300 reward for their clerk, Geo. R. Robert-
son, who absconded from their store with a large
amount of money and notes.

Nimrod H. Moore adds $100 to the reward.

Sept. 25, 1818.

JONATHAN GUEST

removed to Pratte's Warehouse.
Sept. 25, 1818. '

H. VON PHUL & CO., OF ST. XiOUIS,

William Morton, Jno. S. Sue ad, & Henry Yon
Phul dissolved partnership.
Oct. 7, 1818.

EEVD. ME. NIEL'S

academy for young gentlemen, at the house of
Mr. Alvarez.
Oct. 23, 1818.

CHARLES BILLON,

Clock and Watch Maker, from Philadelphia, in
Dangen's house.
l^ov. 10, 1818.

HENRY GULAGER,

Clock and Watch Maker, in Clark's row.
Nov. 5, 1818.



BUSINESS NOTICES. 151

JOSEPH C. LAVEILLE,

Architect and Builder.
March 20, 1818.

HASTINGS AND STIMPSON'S

Store, Main Street, in Collet's brick.
March 29, 1818.

sam'l r. obek,

next below Hastings and Stimpson's.
March 29, 1818.

THOMAS HANLY

removed to his new brick on the river bank.
Dec. 1, 1818.

KENE AND GABEIEL PAUL,

dissolution. Gabriel Paul continues Auction and
Commission.
lS[ov. 11, 1818.

THEODORE HIHSTT'S

Tan Yard, South Second.
Jany. 1, 1819.

DOCT. GEBEKT,

from France, at Mrs. Benoist's house.
Jany. 1, 1819.

DOCT. W. OAKR LANE'S

oflBce on Third, late Eeed's.
Jany. 4, 1819.



152 business notices.

dueocher's dancing school,

his last ball on the 26th inst.
Jany. 14, 1819.

PETER HALDEMAN & CO.'S

"Warehouse, on Church Street.
Jany. 15, 1819.

JAMES AND GEO. H. KBNNERLY'S

Store in Clark's brick house.
Jany. 15, 1819. •

DENT & REARICK'S

"Warehouse.
Jany. 22, 1819.

JOSEPH WHITE & CO.,

Hatters, next below Hull's grocery.
Feby. 3, 1819.

CHOUTEAU & SARPY

removed their store to next to the old Indian
Office.
Jany. 29, 1819.

GABRIEL PAUL'S

Auction Room, in his new brick house.
Feb. 9, 1819.

NELSON & HOFFMAN'S

new Drug Store, in Simpson's new brick, opposite
the Post-office.
Feb. 9, 1819.



BUSINESS NOTICES. 153



CHRISTIAN JOSD ANDREW WILT'S



new firm, in Christian Wilt's old store.



Feb. 10, 1819.



TUTTLE & TELLER,



Drugs and Medicines, new brick below Collet's.
Feb. 10, 1819.

ABRAHAM BECK'S

Law Office, Second Street next to the Gazette
Office.
Feb. 16, 1819.

JAMES ARNOLD, SR.,

Wines, &c., in Bosseron's cellar.
March 5, 1819.

JOHN R. GUT,

100,000 Shingles and Lime.
March 29, 1819.

RBNSHAW & HOFFMAN

have removed to next door north.
April 7, 1819.

DOCTS. NELSON & HOFFMAN

have removed to the late stand of Renshaw &
Hoffman.

April 20, 1819.

CHARLES W. HUNTER

removed into Matthew Kerr's late stand.
May 18, 1819.



154- BUSINESS NOTICES.

MICHAEL AlTD FRANCIS TESSON,

copartnership, general assortment.
June 2, 1819.

DOCT. GEO. P. TODSEN'S

office, in Perras' house, Second Street.
June 9, 1819.

THOS. COLiLET & MICHAEL DALY,

dissolved. Daly formed a copartnership with Mad-
ame Pescay.
June 9, 1819.

Large stock of Pittsburgh porter and ale, opposite
Bank of St. Louis.
June 9, 1819.

JOSEPH WIGGIN

removed to l^o. 2 in Chouteau's row.
June 23, 1819.

JULIUS DEMUN, AGENT FOR JNO. MULLANPHY,

new Stock in Lisa's new house, opposite Enquirer
Office.

June 30, 1819.

DAVID W. TUTTLE

removed to No. 3, Chouteau's row.
July 24, 1819.

JAMES TIMON & SON,

new Store, next to Riddick's Auction.
Aug. 4, 1819.



BUSINESS NOTICES. 155

DAVID E. CUTLER

has a lot of goods for sale at Dillon's new brick
Store.
Aug. 11, 1819.

ROBERT LOGAN,

Clock and Watch Maker, Bouju's old stand.
Aug. 11, 1819.

ISAAC H. GRIFFITH,

Architect and Builder.
Aug. 11, 1819.

JOSEPH BOUJU, JEWELLER, &C.,

in his new frame, opposite Paul's Auction.
Aug. 18, 1819.

CRANE & beck's

Western Land Agency.
Sept. 8, 1819.

ALEXIS AMELIN'S

new ferry over the River.
Sept. 15, 1819.

REV'd FRANCIS NIEL

reopens his school, second year.
Sept. 15, 1819.

SOLOMON MIGNERON'S,

Gun Smith's Shop.
Sept. 15, 1819.

JOHN SARRADE'S

Confectionery, Main Street.
Sept. 29, 1819.



156 BUSINESS NOTICES.

JOHN BOUDON'S

Dancing School.
Oct. 27, 1819.

PEEDERICK WHITE,

Attorney at Law.
Oct. 27, 1819.

AMOS WHEELER,

Attornej'^ and Counsellor at Law.
ISTov. 17, 1819.

THEO. PAPIN & JOS. LAMOUEEtrX,

having purchased the Stock of Maclot & Co.,
will continue the business in G-ratiot's Stone
Store.
Dec. 8, 1819.

GEOKGE CASNEK'S

new Livery Stable and Blacksmith Shop, adjoining
Mount's Carriage Shop.
December, 1819.

THE POST-OEEICE,

removed by the new Post Master, Col. Elias Rec-
tor, to the old Stone Mansion of Mrs. Chouteau.
Dec. 8, 1819.

CHARLES BILLON,

removed to his new establishment, North Main,
at the comer opposite the old Gratiot Mansion.
Dec. 23, 1819.



BUSINESS NOTICES. 157

WM. M. O'HAKA & CO.,

Exchange Bank, 'Ho. 1 of Col. Chouteau's brick
row.

Dec. 23, 1819.

THOS. E8TES,

removed to No. 2 of Col. Chouteau's new brick
row, South Main Street.
Dec. 29, 1819.

CASTILLO & UILHULY' S

store in Becquet's old house. South Main Street.
Jan. 5, 1820.

JOS. HERTZOG,

from Philadelphia, will continue the business of
C. & A. Wilt, at same place.
Jan. 19, 1820.

MISS P. LEFAVKE,

French and English Academy for Young Ladies.
Jan. 26, 1820.

DOCT, BICHARD MASON,

from Philadelphia, in Bosseron's brick house.
Feb. 2, 1820.

JOHN HOLBEOOK,

Boots and Shoes.
Feb. 8, 1820.

aiLHULY AND OUMMINS' STOKE,

in McKnight & Brady's old store, North Main.
March 8, 1820.



158 BUSINESS NOTICES.

MRS. gay's

boarding house, upper part of McKnight and
Brady's double brick.
March 8, 1820.

HERMAN L. HOITMAK,

removed to third house north of the Bank, sign
" Golden Sun Shines equally upon all."
April 5, 1820.

JOSEPH Am) FRANCIS ROBIDOU

removed their Store to Papin's brick house.
April 8, 1820.

m'kenna & CO.,

Tailors, from IS'ew York.
April, 1820.

CHARLES WAHEENDOEJFF & CO.

have dissolved partnership.
April 10, 1820.

EDWARD m'mANUS'

Juvenile School, at Mrs. Papin's house.
April 10, 1820.

JOHN SHACKFORD & CO.,

Chouteau's row, third house.
" April 19, 1820.

OLIVER HOLMES, SURGEON DENTIST,

from Baltimore.
April 26, 1820.



BUSINESS NOTICES. 159

JOHN SIMONDS, SB.,

has taken the Green Tree tavern.
April 26, 1820.

THOS. ESSEX & OHAS. E. BEYISTEOTH,

Books and Stationery.
April 26, 1820.

TRACT & WAHRENDOKFP

have associated, in the old stand of Wahrendorff.
May 3, 1820.

SAMUEL E. "WIGGINS'

new Team Boat Ferry, l!^orth Levee.
May 11, 1820.

RENSHAW & HOEEMAK,

Auctioneers, at the old Stand.
May 12, 1820.

RIDDICK & HONEY,

Auctioneers, at'Kiddick's old stand.
May 30, 1820.

NATHANIEL D. PATNE'S

new Store in Mrs. A. P. Chouteau's house.
May 30, 1820.

GEORGE BURCHMORb'S

new Store, in Belcour's Stone Corner.
Aug. 9, 1820.



160 BUSINESS NOTICES.

PAUL & rsruRAM,

from Philadelphia, 'No. 1, Chouteau's row.
Aug. 17, 1820.

NEAL & LIGGETT,

copper and tin shop, South Main.
Aug. 17, 1820.

T. 6KIMSLEY & WM. STAKK,

Saddlers and Harness Makers.
Aug. 23, 1820.

GILES AND JOHN SAMUEL,

Merchants, in E. Paul's corner.
Aug. 23, 1820.

DOCT. BEENAKD FAEBAK'S

residence, in Carr's brick house, South Main.
Sept. 13, 1820.

DOCT. kelson's RESIDENCE,

Main Street, lower end.
Sept. 13, 1820.



BIOGRAPHICAL.



BEIXG BRIEF NOTICES OF INDIVIDUALS WHO WERE
MORE OR LESS PROMINENT IN THEIR DAY.



The Bench and Bak
of St. Louis, from 1804 to 1821.

During the forty years of the French and Span-
ish dominations in upper Louisiana, there were no
Lawyers in the country, there being no courts
requiring the profession, and consequently but
little litigation.

Under the laws of these countries, the Governor
of their respective colonies, exercised the functions
of Judge and Jury, heard the statement of each
party litigant, supported by their proofs, and then
gave their decision in the matter, no doubt con-
scientiously, and their decision.s were always
acquiesced in by the parties litigant.

After the transfer of the 'Eastern or Ilhnois

country to the British in 1765, Courts of Justice

were gradually introduced, and the first Lawyer

in the Territory was John Rice Jones, who came

n (161)



162 BIOGRAPHICAL.

to KaskasMa in 1787, and in after years after the
transfer to the United States' of the Louisiana
side, removed to St. Louis, where he died in
1824.

The next one we read of was Isaac Darneil,
who also came from the other side to this about
1807, but soon went back again to Illinois.





Dates of




Names.


Arrival.


Died.


John Rice Jones . .


1796


Jany. 23, 1824.


Wm. C. Carr . . .


1804


March 31, 1851.


Rufus Easton . . .


1804


July 5, 1834.


Edward Hempstead .


1804


Aug. 9. 1817.


John Scott ....


1804


1861.


John B.C. Lucas . .


1805


1842.


Charles Lucas .


1805


Sept. 27, 1817.


William Lucas .


1805




Henrj^ M. Breckenridge 1810




James A. Graham


1810 ■


Dec, 1811.


Robert "Wash


1810


^ov. 29, 1856.


Charles S. Hempstead


1811




David Barton . . .


1812


1837.


Joshua Barton . . .


1812


June 29, 1823.


Edward Bates . . .


1814


March 25, 1869.


Matthias M'Girk . .


1814


1841.


Alexander Gray . .


1815


Aug. 1, 1823.


Henry S. Geyer . .


1815


March 5, 1859.


Thomas H. Benton .


1815-16


April 18, 1858.


Robert P. Earris . .


1815-16


Dec. 17, 1830.


Luke E. Lawless . .


1816-17


Sept. 3, 1846.



THE


PHVISICIANS.
Dates of




Names.


Arrival.


Died.


Horatio Cozens


. 1817


July 13, 1826.


Eleazer Block . .


. 1817-18




Eufus Pettibone .


. 1818


July 31, 1825,


James Hawkins Peck


. 1818


1837.


A. L. Magenis .


. 1818


Feb., 1848.


Fi'ancis Carr . .


. 1818-19


Sept., 1821.


D. B. Wright . .


. 1820




Frederick VVliite .


. 1819




Henry Shurlds .


. 1819


Aug. 2, 1852.


Abraham Beck


. 1819


Sept. 4, 1821.


Amos Wheeler


. 1819


June 8, 1822.


Joeiah Spalding


. 1819-20




D. H. Conrad . .


. 1820




George P. Strother


. 1820


N"ov. 28, 1840



163



The PHYSiciAjiTS
of the territorial days of St. Louis.

In our Annals of the French days we have
enumerated the half dozen physicians, who suc-
ceeded each other in the little village in that
period, the last of whom, Doct. Saugrain, came
here in the year 1800. He appears to have had
no competition in the profession for several years.

Our first American physician of whom we find
any record was Doct. Bernard Gr. Farrar, 1807.



16i BIOGRAPHICAL.

Dates of
Names. Arrival. Died.



Bernard Gr. Farrar


1807


1849.


J. M. Eead ....


1811




Robert Simpson .


1812


May 2, 1873.


David Y. Walker . .


1812


April 9, 1824.


Pryor Quarles . . .


1815


Oct. 15, 1821.


Edward S. Gantt . .


181(3




Geo. P. Todsen . .


1817




Arthur J^elson . . .


1818




Herman L. Hoffman .


1819


Nov. 5, 1878.


Richard Mason


182U


April 11, 1824


Louis C. Beck . . .


1819




Wm. Carr Lane


1819


Jan'y 6, 1863.


Sam'l G. J. Decamp .


1819-20




Paul M. Gebert . .


1819-20 IS'ov. 20, 1826.


Zeno Fenn ....


1820


Dec, 1824.


Samnel Merry . . .


1820


March, 1865.


Edward C. Carter . .


1820




Joseph Williams . .


1820




Doct. Lemignon.







AUGUSTE OIIOUTBAU, SEjST'e,

was born in IS'ew Orleans, Sept. 26, 1750, came
up with Laclede in 1764, and materially assisted
him in establishing the new Post. '

When Laclede died in 1778, he succeeded him
as the most important individual in the place, as
one of its founders.

At the transfer of the country to the United
States in 1804, he was, from his wealth and



MRS. AUGUSTE CHOUTEAU. 165

position, perhaps the most prominent individual in
the village, and filled tinder the new government
several important positions at various times.

In 1804, at the first organization of the Terri-
torial Courts, he was appointed Presi-ding Justice
of the Court of " Oyer and Terminer."

In 1808, at the organization of the militia of
the Territory, Gov'r M. Lewis appointed him the
Colonel of the St. Louis Regiment.*

In 1809, at the first election of Trustees for the
Town of St. Louis, he was chosen President of the
Board.

Subsequently he was a Commissioner of the
United States in negotiating several important
treaties with Indian tribes, etc.

Auguste Chouteau was married on July 27th,
1786 to Miss Therese, daughter of Gabrjel Cerre,
an old Fur Merchant. He died Feb. 24th, 1829,
aged 78 years and 5 months.

His widow continued to occupy the old "Family
Mansion" on Main Street, in the centre of the
Town, until 1836, when at the suggestion of her
children, she built for herself a residence on the
hill and covered the block with thirty-two three-
story brick business houses, which she divided
amongst her children and grandchildren.

She died August 14, 1842, aged 72 years, HVa
months, two months after the death of her third
and last daughter, Mrs. Major Thos. F. Smith.



* This was how he became a Colonel, at nearly sixty years of age,
previously only a plain " Mister."



166 BIOGRAPHICAL.

They were the parents of nine children, of whom
four sons and three daughters attained maturity.

AUGUSTUS AKISTIDE CHOUTEAU,

the eldest son of Col. Augustus Chouteau, was
born Oct. 21, 1792, in St. Louis, and was
married June 10, 1810, to Miss Constance San-
guinet, daughter of Charles Sanguinet, Sr. He
died about 1833-34 at the Indian Trading Post
of his cousin, Aug's P. Chouteau, on the Ver-
digris branch of the Arkansas River, about five
miles from Fort Gribson, in the then Cherokee,
now Indian Territory, aged about 41 years.

His children were :

Augustus Rene, born in 1811, who married Miss
Rebecca Sefton ISTov. 23, ]836, and died without
issue lato in 1847, aged 36 years.

Edward A., born Dec. 26, 1814, who married
Miss Elizabeth I. Christy August 8, 1849, and
died Jany. 1, 1864, aged 59 years, leaving a son
and two daughters.

Virginia C, born June 16, 1816, married to
Joseph C. Barlow March 8, 1836. She died Aug.
11, 1855, aged 39 years.

GABRIEL SYLVBSTRE CHOUTEAU,

the second son of Col. Chouteau, was born Dec.
31, 1794, in St. Louis, and except for a few
years when a youth, that he was at the Cath-
olic College at Bardstown, Ky., to complete
his education, he spent the whole of his long life
in St. Louis, superintending the operations of the



HENRY P. CHOUTEAU. 167

old Chouteau Mill, at Hickory and IsTinth Streets,
until after 1853, when the Mill-pond being- di^ained
by the City authorities, the old Mill ceased its
labors and became a thing of the past.

Mr. G. S. Chouteau died June 18, 1887, having
attained the unusual age of 92 years, 6 months.
He left the bulk of his large landed estate to the
children of his brothers and sisters.

HENRY p. CHOUTEAU,

the third son of Col. Chouteau, was born in St.
Louis, Feb. 11, 1805, and completed his education
at the Catholic College on Second Street in this
City.

At the death of Silas Bent, Sr., in December,
1827, Mr. Chouteau, then in his 23d year, was ap-
pointed to succeed him in the office of Clerk of the
County Court and Recorder of St. Louis County.
This position he filled for fourteen years, until
Jany. 1, 1842, when he embarked into business
as a merchant, and established the house of
Chouteau & Riley, afterwards changed to Chou-
teau & Valle.

Mr. Chouteau was married on July 10, 1827, to
Miss Clemence Coursault, from Baltimore, a niece
of his two brothers-in-law, Grabriel and Rene Paul.
He lost his life at the Gasconade disaster Nov.
1, 1855, at the age of 50 years, 8 months and 21
days, one of the thirty victims of that awful cat-
astrophe. His widow survived him a few years,
she died Oct. 6, 1859, aged 49 years and 9 months.



168 BIOGRAPHICAL.

Their oldest son, Henry A., born IS'ov. 24, 1830,
died Oct. 10, 1851, in his 24th year, the result
of an accident, leaving a young widow and two
children. Another son, ISTorbert Sylvestre, born
May 17, 1841, died unmarried, Oct. 31, 1883.

Their oldest child, Aglae, born in 1828, is the
widow of the late IS'ere Valle, the former business
partner of his father-in-law ; she has two married
daughters, Mrs. John A. j!)illon, of St. Louis, and
Mrs. Randolph, of Tallahassee, Florida.

Corinne, born in August, 1843, is the wife of Jno.
N. Dyer, St. Louis.

Beatrice, born in October, 1847, is the wife of
Jno. O'Fallon Clark, St. Louis.

Lillia Clemence, born in June, 1850, is the wife
of John S. Winthrop, of Florida.

And one surviving son, Joseph Gilman Chouteau
of this place, born in 1836.

JOHN PIEEKB O'HOUTEAU, SR.,

was born in New Orleans, Oct. 10, 1758, and
arrived in St. Louis in September, 1764, at the
age of six years.

His earliest years of manhood, and a portion of
his prime, were devoted to the Indian trade, in
which he laid the foundation of his fortune. His
trading post was at the head waters of the Osage
river, in the region of country occupied by the
Osage tribes, with which and the neighboring
nations, the Kansas, Pawnees and others, his trade
was chiefly confined, and over whom, fi'om his



MAJOR JOHN PIERRE CHOUTEAU. ] 69

conciliatory course, he had acquired great influence.
They held him in great esteem and regarded
him as their father, always calling him by that
familiar title.

Some few years after we had received possession
of the country, Major Chouteau, then al)Out fifty
years of age, abandoned the active pursuit of the
Indian trade, and devoted his attention to other
matters, dealing largely' in landed property, through
which he added materially to his acquisitions.
Like his elder brother Auguste, he soon acquired
promuience with the Americans, was appointed
Major of the St. Louis battalion of militia, and
held other positions, a member of the Town
Council, Sub Indian-Agent for his old friends, the
Osages, etc., etc.

Major Chouteau was twice married :

First. On July 26, 1783, to Pelagic Kiersereau,
who died Feb. 9, 1793, after ten years' marriage,
at the age of 26 years, leaving four children,
three sons and one daughter.

After a year's widowhood, Mr. Chouteau mar- ■
ried a second wife. Miss Brigitte Saucier, of
Cahokia, on Feb. 14, 1794. This lady died oii May
18, 1829, after thirtj^-five years of married life,
leaving five sons. Major Chouteau survived this
second wife over twenty years. He died July 10,
1819, aged 90 years and 9 months.

Children of Major John Pierre Chouteau ;
Augustus?., born May 9, 1786, married Sophie
A. Labbadie, Feb. 15, 1809.



170 BIOGRAPHICAL.

Pierre, Jr., born Jan. 19, 1789, married Emilie
<3-ratiot, June 15, 1813.

Paul Liguest, born Oct. 30, 1792, married Con-
stance Dubreuil, Feb. 11, 1813.

Pelagie, born Oct. 7, 1790, married Bartholomew
Berthold, Jan. 10, 1811.

Francis G., born Feb. 7, 1797, married Berenice
Menard, July 12, 1819.

Cyprian, born Oct. 1, 1802, married, and died
Feb. 1, 1879, aged 77 years.

Louis Pharamond, born Aug. 18, 1806, died un-
married, May 28, 1831, aged 25 years.

Charles, born Feb. 2, 1808.

Frederic, born Oct. 16, 1809.

Children of Augustus P. Chouteau, the first son :

Sophie, born 1813, was married to IS^. N. De-
menil.

Susanne, born 1815, was married to Louis E.
Cortambert.

Marie Antoinette, born 1816, was married to E.
, J. Watson.

Pierre Sylvestre, born 1819, was married to Miss
Alvarez.

Virginia, born 1826, was married to John G.
Priest.

Pelagie, Augustine, Marie E., Louis and Aimee
died single, some of them young.

Aug's P. Chouteau died at his Trading Post
in Arkansas, in 1839, aged 53, and Mrs. A. P.
Chouteau in St. Louis, Sept. 5, 1862, aged 72
years and 6 mos.



FRANCIS G. CHOUTEAU. 171

Children of Pierre Chouteau, Jr., the second
son :

Emilie, born Feb. 13, 1814, married to John F.
A. Sanford.

Julie, born Feb. 28, 1816, married to William
Maffit.

Pien-e Charles, boi'n Dec. 25, 1817, died an infant
in 1818.

Charles P., born Dec. 2, 1819, married to Julia
A. Gratiot.

Benj. Wilson, born Aug. 17, 1822, died an in-
fant.

Pierre Chouteau, Jr., died Oct. 6, 1865, in his
77th year.

Mrs. P. Chouteau, died 1863, aged 70 years.

Children of Paul L. Chouteau, third son :

Augustus L., born April 22, 1815.

Alexander, born Feb. 10, 1818.

Charles Louis, born March 7, 1819.

Charles Liguest, born 1821.

Mrs. P. L. Chouteau died in St. Louis, January
3d, 1824.

Mr. P. L. Chouteau marxried a second wife.
Miss Aurora Hay, daughter of John Hay, Esq.,
of Belleville, Ills., Nov. 3, 1830.



Children of Francis Gr. Chouteau, the fourth

n:*

Edmund Francis, born Feb. 13, 1821.



son : *



* All born in Kansas City, of which place he was the founder, and for
many years the sole resident.



172 BIOGRAPHICAL.

Louis Amede, born Feb. 27, 1825.
Louis Sylvestre, born Feb. 14, 1827.
Benjamin, born Dec. 25, 1828.
Odille, born Jan'y 8, 1837.

Children of Charles P. Chouteau, only son of
Pierre, Jr. :

Emily, born Oct. 1, 1846, married Mr. Henshaw.

Pierre, born July 30, 1849, married to Miss
Chauvin.

Il^annie, born Jan'y 4, 1856, married to Lieut.
Johnson, U. S. Army.

Henry, born, Oct. 12, 1857.

Marie Julie, born Feb. 28, 1873.



GEN'L CHAKLES GRATIOT,

the eldest son of Charles Gratiot, Sr., and Yic-
toire Chouteau, was born in St. Louis Aug't 29,
1786. In 1804 he was appointed to the Military
Academy at West Point, from which he grad-
uated in 1806, and was assigned to the Corps of
Engineers as Second Lieuten't in October, 1806.
Li 1808 promoted to Captain. Feb'y, 1815,
Major. Lieut. -Colonel in March, 1819. Colonel,
and Engineer in Chief in May, 1828.

General Gratiot served thi'oughont the war of
1812-15, on the Western frontier, he built Fort
Gratiot at the foot of Lake Huron, in Michigan,
planned and superintended the ei'ection of Fortress
Monroe, where he was stationed many years,




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Pi
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OOL. HENRY GRATIOT. 173

and was retired from the Army in December,
1838.

He married in Philadelphia, April 22, 1810, Miss
Anil Belin, born in 1799. They were the
parents of two daughters.

Mary Victoria, born Feb'y 17, 1820, who mar-
ried InTov. 1, 1837, C. F. F. DeMontholon, from
France.

Julia Augusta, born Sept. 24, 1824, married
K'ov. 27, 1845, to Charles P. Chouteau, of St.
Louis.

Gen. Grratiot died in Washington City.

Mrs. Gen. Gratiot in St. Louis, Dec. 26, 1886,
aged 87 years,

COL. HENKY GRATIOT,

the second son of Charles Gratiot, Sr., was born
in St. Louis, April 25th, 1789, and when a young
man built a house and improved a farm on his
father's league square on the King's Highway,
five miles from the Town, where he lived for some
years, previous to and after his marriage. He was
married Jan'y 21, 1813, to Miss Susan, born in
Hebron, Connecticut, Feb'y 20, 1797, youngest
daughter of Capt. Stephen Hempstead, Sr., and
continued to reside in St. Louis for some years,
the most of their children being born here.

In 1825, with his brother John P. B. Gratiot, he
went with the rush to the " Fevre Kiver" lead
mines at Galena, 111., and established themselves, at
the place named after them "Gratiot's Grove"



174 BIOGRAPHICAL.

fifteen miles from Galena in ""Wisconsin," wher*
they were for a number of years extensively en
gaged in the smelting of lead ore. In after years
Col. Gratiot relinquished the " lead business," am
turned his attention to farming, being at same



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