Frederic Louis Billon.

Annals of St. Louis in its territorial days, from 1804 to 1821; being a continuation of the author's previous work, the Annals of the French and Spanish period online

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Online LibraryFrederic Louis BillonAnnals of St. Louis in its territorial days, from 1804 to 1821; being a continuation of the author's previous work, the Annals of the French and Spanish period → online text (page 9 of 24)
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time Indian-Agent.

Early in 1836 important pnblic business callec
him to Washington, which having accomplished
he had just started on his return home, when h(
died very suddenly at Barnum's Hotel, Baltimore,
April 27, 1850, at the age of 47 years. Hi«
widow survived him a number of years, and diec
June 2, 1854, aged 57 years and 3 months.

Their children were :

Charles H., born in 1814, married, had several
children, died in 1883 at Gratiot.

Edward H., born June 19, 1817, married, had
5 or 6 children, died Dec, 1882, at Platteville.

Mary, born in 1821, died a young woman, un-

Susan, born in 1819, married Mr. Child, died
Dec, 1843, aged 24.

Henry A., born in 1823, lives in California.

Adelle, born in 1827, married to E. B. Wash-
burne, died in 1887, aged 60.

Stephen H., died in Washington in 1864,

Eliza, died young.


the third son of Charles Gratiot, Sen'r, was born
in St. Louis, Feb. 19, 1799, and completed hit
education at the College at Bardstown, Kentucky


in 1818. On ISTovember 18, 1819, he married Miss
Marie Antoinette Adelle Perdreauville, a young-
lady from Paris, whose parents had left France
after the abdication of ISTapoleon, succeeding the
battle of Waterloo. In 1825, with his Brother
Henry, he went to the lead mines near Galena,
Illinois, where he was engaged in smelting lead
mineral for a number of years. About the year

he came back to St. Louis, removed to

Washington County and settled on a farm, repre-
senting that County in the Legislature in .

He had a large family of five sons and four
daughters .

His oldest daughter, Antoinette, married Edward
Hempstead, of Arkansas.

His other daughters were Adele, Marie and

His sons were Kene, Theodore, Julius, Adolph
and Charles, some of them are married.

He died in St. Louis in the summer of 1876, at
the age of 77 years.


the fourth son of Charles G-ratiot. Sen'r, was born
March 13, 1800, and returned from College at
Bardstown, Kentucky, with his brother John in
1818. He was employed as a clerk in the house
of Berthold & Chouteau for some few years. In
1823 he entered into an engagement with the
American Fur Company to act as a clerk of tht-
company in the Fur trade of the upper Missouri.


Ill 1825, June 6, he was married to Miss Vir-
ginia, daughter of Mr. Charles Billon, dec'd, from
Philadelphia, and their first child, a sou, was born
oil April 3, 1828. On the expiration of his engage-
ment with the Far Company, he removed with his
family to Grratiot's Grove, where his brothers Henry
and John were smelting lead, and engaged in
mining for a few years. In 1832 he returned to
St. Louis, and removed out to his farm, a part
of his father's " league square," five miles from
the City, now Cheltenham, where he lived the
balance of his life.

In 1851-53 one of the Judges of the County

He died in 1854, in his 55th year, and Mrs. P.
M. Gratiot IS'ov. 29, 1871, aged 66 years, 7 months.

Their children:

Charles B., born April 3, 1828, married to
Edith Thornburg.

Henry Terry, born July 3, 1830, unmarried.

Victoria Sophia, born March 10, 1832, died a
young woman.

John Sarpy, born Feb. 2, 1834, died young.

Isabella Deinun, born Aug. 25, 1836, died young.

Adolph Paul G., born Oct. 9, 1838, married to
Miss Caroline Graham.

Theresa M., born April 15, 1841.

Paul Benjamin, born Aug. 10, 1847.



was born in the City of Metz, Loraine, France,
June 18, 1767, he was the son of John Maclot
de Cohgny and Anne Marguerite Francoise Joly
de Morney. When a young man about of age,
he came to Paris during the troublous times pre-
ceding the breaking out of the Revohition, and
soon found himself one of the hundreds that
were almost daily incarcerated in the Bastile for
their political views and sentiments. After a brief
imprisonment he obtained his release and im-
mediately left France and crossed over to London.
Here having been always fond of jewelry, he
learnt the business as a means of support, and
worked at it for some years, he then , crossed the
Ocean to the United States and spent some years
in Philadelphia.

In the year 1804 he came to St. Louis with a
Stock of Groods and embarked in Mercantile

On August 16, 1806, Mr. Maclot was married
to Miss Marie Therese, third daughter of Mr.
Charles Gratiot, Sr.

Early in the year 1809, after the Town of
Herculaneum, thirty-two miles below St. Louis,
in Jefferson County, had been laid out by Austin
and Bates and had gotten a start, Mr. M. com-
menced the erection on the high cliff at the south
end of the village, of a tower for the manufacture
of patent shot and bar lead, the first shot works



west of the Alleghany mountains. The works
were sufficiently advanced to commence making
shot in IS^oyember of the same year 1809.

In 1811, his works being completed and in suc-
cessful operation, Mr. Maclot purchased a farm
adjoining his lead works, built a good residence
on it, and removed his wife and young children to
that place so as to oversee his business. He
remained here nearly four years. In the winter
of 1814-15, his wife being extremely ill, to obtain
better service and attention, he took her down to
St. Genevieve by water, then the only means of
conveyance. Mrs. M. died there Feb. 26, 1815,
aged 27 years, leaving two little daughters, one
Julia Zelina, born April 13, 1808, then nearly 7
years of age ; the other, Virginia Elizabeth, born
July 23, 1814, about seven months.

After the death of Mrs. M., Mr. Maclot left the
two children with their grandparents, the Gra-
tiots, in St. Louis, and descended to ISTew Orleans
on his way around to Philadelphia.

The oldest child, when at a suitable age, was
married to Henry A. Thomson, U. S. Army, at
Baltimore, both deceased, leaving a number of chil-

The youngest, Virginia, married Jan'y 31,
1837, to Peter A. Berthold, St. Louis,

In 1819 Mr. John N. Maclot married a second
wife in Phil'a, Emelie Mathieu, born Feb. 15,
1791, then 28 years of age.

Their only son, Louis A., born l^ov. 16, 1821,


died Dec. 16, 1865, at Davenport, Iowa, aged 44,

John N". died April 16, 1849, at Davenport, Iowa,
aged 83 years.

Mrs. Jno. :N". died Jan'y 26, 1872, at St. Louis,
aged 81.

They raised two daughters to become married
ladies, both now deceased, Mrs. Wallace and Mrs.


son of Silvestre Labbadie, Sr., from France, and
Pelagie Chouteau, was born in St. Louis, Oct.
15, 1779, the only son of his parents who lived
to maturity. His father died in 1794, when he
was a lad of fifteen years of age, and leaving him
a competency he does not appear to have engaged
in any business, until 1818-19, when house building
materials being in great demand, Mr. Labbadie,
with a view to give himself employment, erected
an ox-mill for sawing joists, scantling, &c., at the
upper end of the town on the river bank, the first
one in the country, which he operated for near
twenty years and then disposed of.

Mr. Labbadie was married to Yictoire, daughter
of Charles G-ratiot, Sr., on June 25, 1807. They
had three children, two of whom died at an early
age, and one only, their daughter Yirginia, grew to

* With the death of Louis A., the name of Maclot became extinct,
his uncles in Europe having died without male heirs.


Mr. Labbadie died July 24, 1849, in his seven-
tieth year, and Mrs. L., May 5, 1860, at the ag-e of
seventy -five.


was born at Rochelle, Department of the Lower
Charante, France, on the 19th of February, 1799,
and came over to Pliiladelphia a young man, and
to St. Louis a clerk of Braud and Detandebaratz,
merchants from that city, in 1821.

On June 26, 1827, Mr. Sire was married to Miss
Virginia, the only child of Silvestre Labbadie, and
went into business with his father-in-law in Lab-
badie' s saw mill at the upper end of the town.
After giving birth to an infant, Mrs. Sire died on
Sept. 22d, 1828, aged but 20 years, after a brief
married life of but fifteen months, and leaving her
parents childless.

After the death of his wife and child, Mr. Sire
continued to reside with her parents until the dis-
posal of the mill in the 1836, when Mr. Sire changed
his business, and became a partner in the fur com-
pany of Pierre Chouteau, Sarpy & Co.

On June 29, 1852, Mr. Sire was married to Mrs.
Rebecca, the widow of Augustus E.. Chouteau, and
died July 15, 1854, without children, aged 55



the oldest son of Gen'l Bernard Pratto, Sr., and
Emilie Sauveur Labbadie, was born in St. Louis
Sept. 22, 1799.

On June 5th, 1822, he was married in Ste. Gene-
vieve to Miss Odille, daughter of Major Camille
Delassus, a brother of our last Spanish Governor

He died in June, 1828, at the head waters of the
Platte River, in his twenty-ninth year, without

His widow subsequently becanie the wife of
Louis Valle.


second son of B. Pratte Sr., was born in St.
Louis Dec. 17, 1803, three days before the transfer
to the United States.

He was married to Miss Louise, the eldest
daughter of the late Antoine Chenie, on July 20,

In his early years he was closely engaged in
business as a merchant, commanded a . steamboat
in the New Orleans trade, made several voyages
up the Missouri and Mississippi, served ae Mayor
of the city in 1844 and 45, was President of the
Bank of Missouri, &g.

After 1850 he retired from business, and spent
the latter years of his life on his" farm near Jones-


burgh, Montgomery County, Mo., where he died in
July, 1887, aged 83 years and six months.

His widow survives liim. They raised six chil-
dren, viz. :

Louisa, Mrs. Clay Taylor, dec'd; married ISTov.
16, 1853.

Celeste, widow of Augustus Tracy; married
Nov. 16, 1853.

Julia, was first Mrs. Dickinson, and now Mrs.

Lena, deceased wife of Doc't Gervais Robinson.

Bernard IS'o. 3, living in the South, married.

Sylvestre, married Miss Sloan ; he died recently.

eldest son of Gregoire Sarpy and Pelagie Lab-
badie, was born in St. Louis, Jan'y 12, 1798.
After completing his studies at school, he was
employed as a clerk in the mercantile house of
Berthold & Chouteau, with whom he continued
associated throughout the various changes of the
house for the balance of his life.

He was twice married, first to Miss Adele, the
eldest daughter of John P. Cabanne, on Sept. 14,
1820, this lady died March 24, 1832, in her 27tli
year, leaving a little daughter of nearly five
years. Mr. Sarpy married his second wife, Mise
Martha, daughter of James Russell, Esq., Apri'
14, 1835. This lady died in the fall of 1845, ii


^New Orleans, at the age of 27 years, leaving a
little son and daughter.

John B. Sarpy died April 1, 1857, in his 60th

His oldest daughter, Virginia, was married first
to Frederick Berthold, April 15, 1847, who died
in St. Louis in Oct., 1868, aged 47 years; and
secondly to Armand Pengnet, in France, where
they live.

His son, John E. Sarpy, born Dec. 27, 1838,
died a young man.


the oldest san of Joseph M. Papin and wife, Marie
Louise Chouteau, was born in St. Louis in 1780.
He married February 15, 1820, Mrs. Bradshaw,
a widow lady. He died in April, 1850, leaving
no children.


the second son of J. M. P., born in St. Louis in
1782, married Julia Brazeau, daughter of Louis
Brazeau, Sr., Aug't 13, 1814. He died in July,
1849, and his wife previous to her husband.

Their children were :

Marguerite, Mrs. Henry Masure.

Fanny, Mrs. Larkin Deaver.

Henrietta, Mrs. Jeremiah Wilcox.

Alexander, Jr., killed in 'New Mexico.


the third son of J. M. P., born [in 1787, married
Josephine, eldest daughter of Regis Loisel, July 14,

He died Dec. 20, 1842. His wife had died two
months previously, leaving seven sons and four

Hypolite, Joseph L., Pierre M., Theodore, Ray-
mond, Eugene and Bdmond.

Louise Anne, marrid Eugene Dupre.

Bmilie Lise, married James C. Waugh.

Zoe, married Edward IST. Tracy.

Josephine, married Robert C. (^reer. ,


the fourth son of J. M. P., was born in 1793.
He died in St. Louis, in July, 1849, unmarried^


the fifth son of J. M. P., was born in 1794.

He m^arried Clementine, the second daughter of
Regis Loisel, July 18, 1817. He died Aug't 3,
1828, at the age of 34 years.

Their children were :

Clementine, married Leopold Carriere, from
France, in 1838.

Sylvester Y., married Emeline Schofield ; he died
without children.

Timothy L., married first Mary, daughter of


Hugh A. Garland ; second Margaret Brent, and
third Lida Yarnall, all deceased.

Theophile, married first Julie Henrie, of Prairie
duRocher, Ills., dec'd, and second Emily Carlin, of


sixth son of J. M. P., was born in 1798. He mar-
ried Catherine Louise, only daughter of Pascal
Leon Cerre, Aug't 10, 1826.

He died in May, 1853, at the age of 55 years,
and his widow in April, 1884, aged 77 years and 7

They left four children :

Leon J., who married Medora C, daughter of
Capt. Jno. D. Daggett.

Alfred J., who married Miss Virginia McCord,
of Georgia.

Palmyre, who married Joseph P. Wilkinson.

Armantine J., who married Henry T. ISTorcom.


seventh son of J. M. P., born in 1799, married
Marie Celeste, daughter of Jno. B. Duchouquette,
Oct. 25, 1820.

He died in 1851. His wife had died previously.

Their children were :

Mary, married first to Geo. W- Atchison, Jr.,
and secondly to Doct. S. Gratz Moses.

Adolph, married Mary Saucier.

Henry, married Harriet Wilkinson.



son of Jos. G. Leduc, Sr.. and Marie Helene
Hamelin, Avas born at St. Denis, Paris, a brother
of Marie Philip Leduc, noticed in my previous

He came over vpith his mother and brothers from
France, and lived for a while in IS'ew Orleans,
then came up to ]S"ew Madrid, and finally to St.
Louis at the commencement of the century.

He was married July 14, 1806, at Cahokia,
Ills., to Miss Constance Brisson of that place,
and died in St. Louis in 1810.

His mother also died about the same time.


the second and only surviving son of Antoine
Pierre Soulard and Marie Julie Cerre, was born in
St. Louis, May 14, 1801, and has passed all his
life in the place, being nOw in his 88th year,
the last survivor of all those who were born in
St. Louis, prior to the transfer of the country to
the United States.

Mr. Soulard was married in Ste. Genevieve on
May 9, 1833, to Miss Harriet, daughter of the
late Doct. Harvey Lane, formerly of that place,
and granddaughter of Col. John F. Hamtramck,
of the Revolutionary Army, in his life time Col.
•of the old First Regiment U. S. Infantry, the
Pioneer Regiment in the West, that built Fort
Harmer at Marietta, Ohio, in 1787, and other early


forts, and who died, Col. of the Eegiment at
Detroit, Michigan, April 11, 1803.

They are living at their residence on State Street,
having passed their golden wedding five years ago.

was born near Montreal, Canada, about the year
1770, and came to St. Louis a young man.

On Dec. 5, 1799, Gov'r Delassus made him a
concession of a vacant half block of ground,
at the extreme north end of the village, upon
which some years thereafter he built for himself
a blacksmith shop, now the northwest corner of
Main and Cherry. This he disposed of and re-
moved to Ste. Genevieve in 1807.

About the year 1808 he married Miss Aubuchon
of that place, where his children were all born.
He subsequently returned to St. Louis, where he
died in 1841, at the age of 71 years, his wife
having died at Ste. Genevieve about the year

His children were :

Gemenin, Jules, Rene, and Francis A., sons,
and Edith, who married Aug'te Lachance.


son of Charles D'Engin and Catherine Bonis,
was born at Marseilles, in Provence, France, and
came to St. Louis about the year 1805, a jeweller
and silver smith.


1807, July 22d, he was married to Claire Mar-
guerite, the oldest daughter of Amable Guyon, Jr.,
of Carondelet.

Their children were :

Rosine, born in 1808, married to Louis Menard,
from France, May 24, 1824.

Frederick, born in 1810, killed Sept. 27, 1823,
aged 12 years, thrown from a buggy.

Selina, born in 1812, died May 28, 1830, aged
18 years.

Antoine L., who married Clara M. Tesson,
]S'ov. 24, 1853.

Antoine Dangen, died April 12, 1827, aged
about 50 years.

Mrs. C. Marg't Dangen, died July 8, 1827,
aged about 43 years.


son of Thomas Riddick and Fanny Fiveash, was
born at Suffolk, Nansemond County, Virginia,
June 5, 1781, and came to St. Louis about the
time of the transfer of the country to the LTnited
States in 1804, and during the first fifteen years
of his residence here, filled at various periods a
number of public offices of trust, such as Assessor,
Clerk of the Common Pleas Court, Deputy Re-
corder of Land Titles, Secretary of the Board of
Land Commissioners, Justice of the Peace, etc.,
etc., second President of the old Bank of Missouri
Territory, succeeding Col. Augustus Chouteau.


For twenty years Col. Riddick was an active, in-
fluential business man of St. Louis, and was the
principal originator of our Public School System.
In 1826 an Alderman of the City.

In 1827 Col. Riddick removed to the Sulphur
Springs, below the Maramec in Jefferson County,
of which he was part owner, and where he continued
to reside until his death on January 15th, 1830,
at the age of 48 years, 7 months and 10 days.

Col. Riddick was married in 1813, at Lexing-
ton, Ky., to Miss Eliza, daughter of Charles
Carr, Sen'r, and sister of Wm. C. Carr, of St.
Louis. He left at his death his widow, who sur-
vived him a number of years, two sons, Walter
and Dabney, and two daughters, Virginia and
Frances, who in Dec'r, 1834, were married at one
ceremony by the Rev'd Mr. Chaderton, to Edward
Brooks and Chas. P. Billon, both now dead, but
the two widows still survive.


son of John Michau, Sr., and Grenevieve Rosalie
Chevallier was born at Galliopohs, Ohio, Jan'y
17, 1792, and came to St. Louis with his father
and family in the year 1800, then eight years old.
He had been named Antoine " Aristide " in the
family records which by some means had become
changed to " St. Amant."

In 1809 he was employed in Mr. Maclot's shot
and lead works at Herculaneum, Jefferson County,
where he continued to work for a number of years.


About the year 1813-14, when 21 years of age,
he was married to Marguerite Meimier. They were
the parents of several sons and daughters.

Their sons were Saugrain, Hamilton, Alfred and

His eldest son, Saugrain Michau, born in 1814,
was married to Miss Therese Letourno, at Caron-
delet, July 7, 1835.

At the death of his first wife, Saugrain Michau
married Julia Eliza Lurtz, a widow lady, Sept.
11, 1854. He died in 1856, aged about 42 years,
and she about the same time.

St. Amant Michan, died in 1845, at the age of 53


was born at St. Pierre, Isle of Oleron, Saintonge,
in France, February 14, 1767, and went a young
man to the Island of San Domingo.

At the negro insurrection of 1793, he left the
Island and came to New York, where he resided
for about ten years.

On the transfer of Louisiana to the United States
in 1804 he came out to St. Louis, and became a
resident of the place. On the establishment of the
Superior Court of the Territory in 1806, he was
appointed the first clerk of the same, and held it
for several years. He was appointed in 1809, the
first clerk of the Town of St. Louis at its in-


corporation in that year, and for many years was a
Justice of the Peace and l!^otary Public.

Mr. Garnier was married on April 30, 1812, to
Marie, third daughter of Chas. Sanguinet, Sr., and
died Sept. 11, 1851, in his 85th year. Mrs. Garnier
survived her husband nearly thirty-five years, and
died on Feb'y 3, 1885, at the extreme old age of
ninety-five years.

Their only child, Harriet, is the wife of the Hon.
John Hogan.


son of David Robinson and Miriam Hamilton, was
born in Augusta County, Virginia, January 24,
1782. A nephew of Alex'r Hamilton, his mother
being a sister of Hamilton.

He was bred a physician, and came to St. Louis
very shortly after the transfer of the country to the
United States, designing to make it his permanent
place of abode, and entered upon the practice of his-
profession, in which he continued for some years at

Doct. Robinson was married on Dec'r 24, 1805,
by Auguste Chouteaii, Sr., then a justice of the
peace in St. Louis, to Miss Sophie Marie Michau,
a young lady born in Paris, whose parents brought
her to the United States when a child of four years
of age.

In 1806-7 Doct. Robinson was with Major Zeb-
ulon M. Pike, U. S. Army, as a volunteer asso-


ciate in his expedition to Pike's Peak, and his
explorations of the interior of Louisiana and 'Ney,
Spain, from which he returned in the fall of 1807.

After this we find the Doctor, who was an ener-
getic, enterprising man, almost constantly on the
move, frequently changing his locality, which we
arrive at from the birth of his other children. They
were :

Edward Y. Ham'n Robinson, Oct. 6, 1806, at
St. Louis ; lost at sea in 1831.

Jas. Houze Robinson, Aug. 17, 1808, St.
Louis ; died at l^atchez, 1818.

Ant'e Saugrain Robinson, April 18, 1810, at
Fort Osage.

Henrietta Sophia Robinson, !N'ov. 21, 1811, at
Ste. Genevieve; died at ]S"atchez, 1818.

Virginia R. Robinson, in 1818, at ISTatchez ; died
there an infant, in 1818.

Doct. Robinson made these frequent changes
of residence in the public service in obedience to

He died at IS'atchez, Sept. 19, 1819, aged but 37
years, falling a victim, with his three children, of
that malignant disease, yellow fever, which carried
off two-thirds of his family.

His widow, Mrs. R., survived him 30 years. She
died in St. Louis in 1848 at the age of 62 years.


entered "West Point in 1820, at 14 j^ears of age.

Commissioned a Midshipman U. S. ISTavy, March
4, 1823, at 17 years of age.


A Passed Midshipman, March 23, 1829, at 23.

A Lieutenant, March 3, 1831, at 25.

Lost at sea, August, 1831, at 25.*

Ant'e Saugrain Robinson, the only survivor of
the Doctor's family, long so well known here as
the Cashier of the old Bank of Missouri, is still with
is in his seventy-ninth ye^ir.


one of the numerous family of the Hunts of Tren-
ton, New Jersey, came to St. Louis in 1801, and
was in business with a John Hankinson in selling
merchandise for about five years. In June, 1809,
the firm was dissolved, and Mr. Hunt closed up
their business.

In the year 1810 Mr. Hunt became connected
with John Jacob Astor's ITew York Fur Company,
and early in 1811 he left St. Louis with seventy
men to ascend the Missouri, cross the mountains,
and descend to the Pacific Ocean, there to meet a
ship dispatched around by Astor. This was accom-
plished, Mr. Hunt's party being the first to follow
in the footsteps of Lewis and Clark, in pursuit of the
Indian trade of that region. He was absent on this
expedition several years, and returned to St. Louis
in the year 1813.

In 1817 Mr. Hunt purchased from heirs of Lab-
badie a tract of several thousand acres of land lying

* The U. S. Sloop of war, Sylph, was lost in the Gulf of Mexico with
all on board.



on the waters of the Glravois Creek, about eight
miles southwest of St. Louis. On this land he built
a mill, made a farm, and other improvements, and
the place was long well known in this locality as
*' Hunt's Mill."

Ill 1829 he visited Asbury, IS^ew Jersey, the place
of his birth, and there induced a nephew, John H.
Wilson, to come out to St. Louis and take charge
of his. Hunt's farm, which he, Wilson, did the
following year, and lived on his place until Mr

Online LibraryFrederic Louis BillonAnnals of St. Louis in its territorial days, from 1804 to 1821; being a continuation of the author's previous work, the Annals of the French and Spanish period → online text (page 9 of 24)