Frederick A Roese.

A grammar of the German language online

. (page 14 of 16)
Online LibraryFrederick A RoeseA grammar of the German language → online text (page 14 of 16)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


cnt^eben,

cntfletben,

entlabcrt,

entlaffen,

entlajtcn,

entrat^jen, J

entfcjjctbcn, uses the preposition
iiber, 260.

Wttfe^en, governs the genitive,
223.



govern the genitive,
^ 223.



enttoeber, 161.

enttocber— ober, 268.

cnttobf^nen, governs the genitive,
223.

entgitcft, uses the preposition it(er#
250.

er, additional termination for
plural of nouns, 30, 89.

er, ending of the root of adjec-
tives, 52.

tx, used for decl. of acyectives,
50, 52, 53.

tx, used for comparative degrees
of adjectives, 64.

er, personal pronoun, 79.

er, prefix, 141.

er, added to numerals, express,
wine of certain growth, 62.

er, *) added to numerals, expr.

ertn, j age, 62.

Crbe, \have two genders

(l^fenntni§, j with two mean. 20.

erfunbtgen, (itj, uses the preposi-
tion na^, 249.

ermaf^nen, uses the preposition
gu, 255.

ermangeln, governs the genitive,
223.

emennen, uses the preposition m,
265.

crrSt^en, \ use the preposition

crfd^rerfen, j iibcr, 250.

erf(|re(fen, pcji, uses the preposi-
tion tor, 254.

erjlaunen, uses the prepos. iiber,
260.

ertoa^nen, governs the genitive,
228.

ertotebcm, uses the prepos. auf,
240.

e^, personal pronoun, 79.

e^, with impersonal verbs, 84,
133—138.

e^, used idiomatically, 84, 185.

e^, how pronounced, 176.

ed, additional termination for de-
clension of adjectives, 60.

eft, forms the superlative degree,
64.

etltdjie, 73, 74.



Digitized



by Google



GENERAL INDEX.



217



eiKd^/ never preceded by article
or pronoun, 236. ^

tlm, 78.

ttm^, 73, 77.

tti, diphthong, 6.

External impression expressed by
prepositions, 257.

5f,or»? 180.

iaitf not modified in comparison,

66.
gaben^ thread, modifies in plural,

26.
gabeil, fathom, has no plar. 26.
fabig^ governs the genitive, 222.
fabi/ or falb, not modified in com-

parison, 65.
fall^/ subordinates, 268.
falfdji/ not modified in comp. 56.
%a\an, declined, 38.
gajlen, has no singular, 29.
Fear expressed by subj. mood,

204.
fe^l, prefix, 140.
fe^lett/ governs the dative, 226.
gelb, declined, 39.
geU, or gelfen, decUned, 37, 38.
Feminine nouns, 17.
Feminine nouns, their declension,

34—36.
Seriett/ has no singular, 29.
finbett/ annexes infinitive without

gU, 192.
ginf, declined, 31.
f(a(^, not modified in comparison,

56.
fie^en, uses the prepos. urn, 261.
glaf^f^ with numerals above one,

66.
glaum, declined, 26, 88.
- glecf, declined, 87, 38.
flieben, uses the prepos. »or, 264.
glo§, declined, 39.
Flowers, names of, are feminine,

17.
Stuti^, how pronounced, 176.

15 } declined. 26.

folgen, governs the dative, 226.
for, conjunction, note to 167.
for, preposition, 246.
19



Foreign nouns, their declensions,

81, 38, 44, 46.
gonn, declined, 26.
forfd^en, uses the prepos. m(Sf, 249.
gorjt, declined, 26, 38.
fort, prefix, 140.
Fractional numerals, 70.
Jnraden, uses the prepos. mdf, 249.
grau, declined, 26.
gtauengtmmer, is neuter, 17.
»ott greube, uses the prepos. fiber,

250.
freuctt, |t(i, uses the prepos. auf,

240.
frcucn, (tdji, uses the prepos. iibrr,

260.
griebc, or grieben, decl., 81, 87.
fcob, not modified in comp. 66.
frob/ governs the genitive case,

222.
frol^, uses the prepos. itbtr, 260.
fro^lodett/ has the augm. ge, 142.
frol^loden, uses the prepos. iibcr,

250.
jnromm, how compared, 56.
griibialjjr, is neuter, 16.
^ii^fiiiden, has the augment, m,

142.
Fruits, names of, are femin. 17.
^U0}^\it6dnitn, has the au^ent.

fie, 142.
fit^len, connects infinitives with-
out ju, 199.
guttfe, or gunfen, ded., 31, 37.
^r, preposition, 163, 167, 246.
tn gurdjft, uses the prepos. fiber,

250.
fitr(i^ten, {t^i, uses the preposition

»or, 264.
giirfl, declined, 31.
fu§en, uses the preposition ottf,

.gu§|lat)fen, has no singular, 29.
Future tense formed by tverben,

100.
Future tenses, first and second,

their uses, 210.
Future tense, second, expressed

by the perfect tense, 209.
Future time, expressed by the

present, 207



Digitized



by Google



218



QENEKAL INDEX.



0, its pronanoiation, 7.

0, makes the preceding vowel

long. 178.
gor4? 178.
gang, 73—76.
(^ant/ declined, 26.
^artftt^ declined, 26.
Q^a^, declined, 26.
^t, as prefix for nonns, 18, 28.
M, as prefix for insepar. verbs,

141.
^t, the augment, to the perfect

participle, 104, 148, 144.
^t, not used with some verbs,

123, 143. Exceptions, 142.
®ebaube^ declined, 42.
gcberi, conjugated, 119; e^ gibt,

etc., 136.
Mhitttn, uses the prepos. uUx,

250.
®cbt(be, )

©ebtnbe^ v declined, 42.
(^fbirge, J

®th\Vit, has no plural, 28.
fleborgcri fe(n, uses the preposition

»or, 254.
Q^tbxt^n, declined, 42.
©ebritbeT/ has no singular, 29.
©eburt^ how pronounced, 11.
G^td, declined, 32.
©ebacjtttifc has no plural, 28.
®t^anU, or ^fbanfnt/ declined,

31, 37.
©ebetbert/ has no plural, 28.
ttcbenfen, governs the genitive,

223.
gefaHen^ governs the dative, 226.
(^^aUt, has no singulai*, 29.
(^rftlbe, declined, 42.
(^efliigel^ has no plural, 28.
gegen^ preposition, 158, 157, 246.
gfgett, preposition, makes nume-
rals indefinitive, 78.
gfgeniibrr, preposition, 156.
(^t^aXif has two genders and

meanings, 20.
©c^aufe, declined 42.
^ti)tn, connects infinitives with-
out gu, 192.
ge^, used impersonally with the

dative, 226.



Qt\)'6xtn, ^govern the dative

fie|or*ftt, S 226.

®tiiti, has two gender* and

meanings, 20.
©ctft, declined, 39.

^elanber, declined, 42.

®elb« declined, 39.

gfUngen, governs the dative, 226.

gelingen, is used imperson., 226.

©fliibbe/ declined, 42.

(^tma^, declined, 39.

®cmauer, [-declined, 42.
®cmiifc, j
®tmiit\), declined, 39.
Qtn, preposition, 153.
Gender of nouns, 15 — 20.
Gender of nouns, not always dis-
. tinction of sex, 16.
Gender of compound nouns, 19.
(Central, declined, 31.
flentcfen, governs the genitive,

228.
Genitive case, 22.
Genitive case, is closely allied

with the accusative, 219.
Genitive case, absolute, 224.

, its terminations, 24.

, for the direct ob-
ject, 219.



, governed by nouns,

220, 221.

, governed by prepo-
sitions, 155, 159.

, governed by pro-
nouns, adjectives,
etc. 222.

— , governed by verbs,

223.

®cno§, declined, 31.

gcnug, used substantively, 184.

genug^ connected with um, and
the infinitive, 191.

0f nitgen, governs the dative, 226.

gerabe, not modified in comp. 65.

®ttippt, declined 42.

gcrri, 149; how compared, 152.

(BtWtdfi, declined, 39.

®t]^mtiU, has no plural, 28.



Digitized



by Google



OENERAL INDBX.



219



' have no plural 28.



®tf(!^ret1bfcl, has no plural, 28.

®ef4»aber, declined, 42.

gefdl^wetgett, goTerns the genitire
case, 223.

(Befc^totfler, has no singnlar, 20.

i^efett, declined, 81.

®eft((t/ has two plurals with dif-
ferent meanings, 40.

&tiptn% declined, 39.

®efptnn^ has no plural, 28.

®t^Vitt, declined, 42.

®efu(^^ how pronounced, 176.

gcfunb, how compared, 56.

®etafcl, '

®et6fc,

(BttxtiU,

(^tixicht,

®ctiimmel, ^

®toatttv, declined, 42.

®w'6^A, has no plural, 28.

gctoa^r, /govern the genitive,

Omoittn, S 222.

Q5ttoan^, declined, 89.

^ttodxtiq, governs the genitive,
222.

(Betoaffer, declined, 42.

®mtxhtf declined, 42.

Qttoi^, governs the genitive, 222.

(^ftottter^ declined, 42.

Qtm\)ntf governs the genitive,
case, 222.

(3tto'6\ht, declined, 42.

(3m'6lf, )

©ctourm, >• have no plural, 28.

OJqiefer, J

gegtemcri, governs the dative, 226.

(^tft, has two genders and mean-
ings, 20.

t€ gt'bt, 186.

glatt^ not modified in comparison,
66.

®laubf, or^i^lauben, declined, 81,
87.

glaubflt, / govern the dative case,

g!rt<4en, < 226.

gleid^ttJO^C 161, 268.

O^Iteb, declined, 89.

@)Hebma§en, has no singular, 29.

0liic!K(J(>, uses prepos. iiber, 260.



®Ott, declined, 89.

®rabett, declined, 26.

(Bxaf, declined, 81.

Qxdmtn, [i^, uses the preposition

iibet/ 250 ; or um, 251.
grau, not modified in comparison,

65.
fltauen, (tdb, uses the preposition

»or, 264.
®ro§/ substantive num., 72.
(^xo^muii), is feminine, 19.
griibcltt, uses the prepos. iiber,

260.
®un|l/ has no plural, 28.
gut/ how compared, 66.

^, how pronounced, 7, 11, 177.

S; silent, 168—172, 177.

baben, conjugated, 124.

baben, used for compound tenses,
106, 167, 189.

babett/ is transitive, 124.

pabeit/ used idiomatically, 192.

lab^aft, governs the genitive, 222.

•^afen^ declined, 26.

\)a(t, affix to ac^ectives, 66.

^Ib, 97.

^alben, ^alber, prepos. 158, 166.

^dlftt, substantive numeral, 72.

$alm, declined, 26.

\)alttn, uses the prepos. auf/ 240.

$ammel/ )

jammer, }• declined, 25.

$anbcl, J

banb^abfit, has the augm. ge, 142.

^an^murfi, is masculine, 19.

\)axxtn, governs the genitive, 228.

barren, uses the prepos. auf, 240.

^ax^f declined, 26.

^ax^, has two genders and mean-
ings, 20.

$afl, has no plural, 28.

$aufc, or $aufctt, declined, 81,
37.

$etbf , has two genders and mean-
ings, 20.

$ftl, as interjection, 166.

^etm, prefix, 140.

^cfrat^en, has the augm. gc, 142.

^ei§en, connects the infinitive
without ju, 192.



Digitized



by Google



220



GENERAL INDEX.



iiber.



^fnt^ has the predicate in the
nominatiye cafle, 216.

!ei§en^ has two accasatiyes, 217.
tit, termination for feminine

nouns, 17.
^db, declined, 81.
]|^flfen^ connects the infinitive

without |u, 192.
^elfen, gorerns the dative, 226.
$emb, declined, 88.
brr, adverb, 149
per, \}ttah, ^erauf, / prefixes,
^erau^, ^txltl, S 1^0.

S hi I how pronounced, 11.
4>crr/declined, 81, 32, 47.
fftxx^^tn, uses the j)repos,
260.

gjjj'*^^""^"'} prefixes, 140.

$crj, declined, 37, 88.
bter, 102.

iitxan, })itxau^, Jterbtt, \ ,/%9
itcrfiir, r^^'

lin, adverb, 149, 175.
^itt, Ijiinab, ^{nauf, '
bmau«, ^inein,
ptttiiber, l^tnun-
ter, (^tns«,
binter, prefix, 141.
iinttr, preposition, 163, 168.
^trt, declined, 81.
Historical narration nses the im-
perfect, 208, or the present,
207.
), how pronounced, 176.
e(fy, is irregularly compared, 66.
'o^tx, bet ^ij(ij|le, 66.
obi, 'I not modified in compa-
eltf j risen, 65.
crimen, uses the prepos. auf/ 240.
'oxtn, connects tiie infinitive in-
stead of the perf. partip, 196.
^b'ren, connects the infinitive with-
out |u, 192.
t'oxtn, uses the prepos. auf* 240.
^'6xtn, the position of its auxi-
liary with the preterits in sub-
ordinate sentences, 274.
^exnmq, is masculine, 17.
t^Spital, declined, 39.



prefix. 140.



$uf, declined, 26.

Iiulbigett, governs the dative, 226.

$unb/ declined, 20.

l^unbcrt, deoPd, 61 ; is neuter, 68.

^uflcri, how pronounced, 11.

^nt, has two genders and mean-
ings, 20.

l^iiten, jtdji, uses the prepos. »or,
254.

3/ bow pronounced, 8.
X, never occurs double, 4.
it, how pronounced, 4.
if, where occurring, 170.
itxtn, termination of verbs, 128.
tg, final syllable, how separated,

182.
tg, or lx(ff, with adjectives and ad-
verbs, 178.
t^, where occurring, 170.
Imperative mood, 103, 104.
of irregular verbs, 112,

118, 114, 117, 119.
of separate compound

verbs, 148, 144.
express, by other parts

of verbs, 201, 202,

205.
and its pronoun of ad-



dress, 206.
Imperfect tense, 103, 104.
of irregular verbs, 110,

111—121.
of the auxiliaries, 124

—126.
transitive verbs, 127 ;

passive voice, 128.
of separable compound

verbs, 148, 144.

its use, 208.

subjunctive expresses

condition, 203.
Impersonal verbs, 107, 138 — 188,

217.
in, affix to feminine nouns, 86.
tn, prefix, 140.
in, preposition, 168, 168^ 287,

247.
tn, how pronounced, 175.
Indefinite article, 14.
numerals, 78 to 76.



Digitized



by Google



QXNERAL INDEX.



221



Indefinitive pronouns, 82, 88.

ko!^m, 161 ; subordinates, 258.

tnbeifcn, 161.

IndicadTe mood, its meaning,
202.

Infinitive, 103, 104.

used for form, the fu-
ture tenses, 106.

■ — as verbal substantive,

18, 28, 191, 192.

as abstract idea of the

verb, 190.

instead of the perfect

participle with certain
verbs, 196.

— of the active voice, in-
stead of the passive,
194.



r^^ith or without §tt,

191, 192.
Infinitive, in English, after cer-
tain verbs, translated by ba^^

193. '

Infinitive, after to tell, teach,

etc., 193.
tng/ affix, for masculine nouns, 16L
3rtm, the river, is masculine, 17.
ittttfrl^alb/ preposition, 163, 166.
3nfeft, declined, 88.
Inseparable comp. verbs, 141.
Interest, expr. by prepos. 267.
Interjections, 163 — 165.
Internal motive, expressed by

prepositions, 267.
Intransitive verbs, conjugated,

107, 108, 129, 186, 187.
Intrans. verbs, acquiring transi-
tive meaning, 217.
Intrans. verbs, with the dative,

226.
Inverted sentences, 263, 272, 273,

276.
ton^ termination forfemin. nouns,

17.
ion, forms plural by adding ett/

36.
iten, termination of verbs, 123.
Irregular verbs, 106, 110—123.
Irregular verbs, alphabet, table

of their anomalous forms, 277.
Iterative numerals, 64.

19*



3[, how pronounced, 7.

(a, adverb, 147.

3a^r, declined, 26.

ir, 268.

ItUx, 73, 74, 82.

{eber, preceded by indefimte ar-
ticle, 235.

3ebcnttatttt, 82.

iebocij, 161, 268.

j[e0lt(3ber, 73, 74.

Itq^ia^tt, preceded by indefinite
article, 235.

3emattb, 82, 83.

{e nadjibftn, subordinates, 268.

iener, 90.

Jenfett, preposition, 168.

3od^, Reclined, 26.

3u»rl, declined, 88.

^arbtnal, declined, 88.

^a^, or St&\t, declined, 81, 87,

42.
Gaffer, declined, 81.
fahl, not modified in comparison,

66.
^attttf , with numerals, 65.
faxA, not modified in comparison,

65.
fettt, 73, 74.

feitt, before adj., declined 60.
fettt, instead of 5fltemanb, 88.
fcitt, 60, 73, 74, 83.
feitt, allows no article to precede,

236.
Mt, termination forfemin. nouns,

17.
Stit^tx, has two genders and

meanings, 20.
5Hnb, decUned, 39.
flaactt, uses the preposition ilbft,

260, or urn, 261.
^lefb, declined, 89.
blotter, pronounced, 11; declined,

26.
impp, is not modified in compari-
son, 65.
5lobalt, is masculine, 18.
T6nnm, conjugated, 107, 112.
fonnen, idiom, use, 198.
Wntlftt, with the infinitive, in-
stead of perfect participle, 196.



Digitized



by Google



222



QSNEBAL INDEX.



Hnntn, bas the inflnitiTe without
|tt, 192.

Unntn, position of its aaxiliary
in the preterits of subordinate
sentences, 274.

5h»ttful, declined, 88.

Sto^d, declined, 81.

^^, has no plural, 28.

^O^tn, has no singular, 29.

haft, preposition, 168, 155.

franf, compared. Rem. to, 55.

^m, is feminine, 18.

i^c^eii, pronounced, 175.

»ofl ^mmrr^ uses the preposi-
tion itber, 250.

iftunbf, has two genders and
meanings, 20.

funbig^ governs the genitive case,
222.

HaAtn, governs the genitive,
223.

lacben, uses the preposition itber,
250.

la^ln, governs the dative, 226.

lacbtln, uses the proposition itber^
250.

ia^, declined, ^.

Sobeit/ declined, 25.

labm^ not modified in comparison,
55.

Sanb, has two plurals with differ-
ent meanings, 40.

2att0mut^, is feminine, 19.

lanq^, preposition, 153, 159,

la|, not modified in compar. 55.

la^tn, with the infinitive instead
of the perfect participle, 195.

laffett/ with the infinitive, without
JU, 192.

Ia||en^ with the act. infin. instead
of the pass. 194.

laffett/ the position of its auxilia-
ry in the preterits of subordi-
nate sentences, 274.

£aft, declined, 26.

Sau^^, is feminine, 18.

Saut, declined, 26.

aut adjective, not modified in-
oomparison, 55.



laut, preposition, 158, 155.

IfbOt^ with the genitive, absolute,
224.

itA, is masculine, 17.

IfbTg, governs the genitive case,
222.

ItQtn, with the infinitive without
JU, 192.

lebren, with the infinitive, 192.

If^ren^ with two accusatives, 217.

itib, declined, 89.

Srib, declined, 88.

SeiteT/ has two genders and mean-
ings, 20.

Ittntn, with the infinitive, 192.

Letters, of alphabet, are neuter,
18.

IeU(^en, governs the dative, 226.

Seute, has no singular, 29.

K4>/ 1^0/ WfcJ, not adverbial af-
fixes, 145.

f^i^t, has two plurals with differ-
ent meanings, 40.

Uebaugfltt/ has the augment, ge^
142.

Kcber, am Hcbften, 152.

Stebr declined, 89.

Limit expressed by prepos. 257.

Unq, affix for masculines, 16.

Locality, expressed with preposi-
tion, 257.

So^tt/ has two genders and mean-
ings, 20.

lo^nen, governs the dative, 226.

Ui, adjective, not modified in
comparison, 55.

le€, governs the genitive, 222.

ioi, prefix, 140.

lo^fpreAcn^ governs the genitive,
223.

2xi^i, declined, 26.

lu|hg madden, {x^, uses the pre-
position itber, 250.

^dctn, declined, 81.

mad^Ctt, uses px to express the

object effected, 255.
maiiftn, has the infinitive without

Jtt, 192.
ma^ti^, governs the genitive, 222.



Digitized



by Google



QBNS^AL INDEX.



223



Wla^^, how pronounced, 11.

Waaifhrat, declined, 81.

^ain, is masculine, 17.

^aieXf declined, 38.

nran^ 82 ; how pronounced, 175.

man. idiomat. use, 187, 188.

ey^tt^er, 60, 78, 74, 284, 286.

^Dlanbel/ has two genders and
meanings, 20.

^anttl, as numeral, 72.

^Dlangel/ has two genders and
meanings, 20.

^ann, declined, 89, 41.

manner expressed by preposi-
tion, 257.

Watttt^jjerfott, is feminine, 16.

^anttl, declined, 26.

^axf, has two genders and mean-
ings, 20.

Masculine nouns, 16.

Masculine nouns, declined, 81,
88, 87, 88, 39, 48.

^afent, has no singular, 29.

mA§en^ for compound adr., 151.

^a% has two genders and mean-
ings, 20.

^afl, declined, 26, 28.

Materials, names of, are neuter,
18.

mait, not modified in comparison,
65.

Measure, expressed with the de-
finitive article, 218.

Measure, expressed by the accu-
sative, 218.

mti)X, 56, 57, 184.

me^^rcre, 73, 74.

WliHt, with numerals, 66.

^Dldnung fagen, uses the prepos.
iiber, 250.

mcijt, 56.

^fnf((l^ has two genders and
meanings, 20.

^tn\0f, declined, 81, 89.

mcrfen, uses the preposition auf,
140.

heifer, has two genders and
meanings, 20.

SJlefUng, is neuter, 16.

Metals, names of, are neuter, 18.



WOion, is feminine, 61.

^iUion, how declined, 62.

minbrr^ am minht^tn, 168.

mt§, prefix, 141.

mil, pronounced, 176.

m\t, prefix, 140.

mtt^ prefix, expresses co-opera-
tion, fellowship, note to 248.

mtt/ preposition^ 158, 156, 248.

mii\)in, 258.

mttteW, mitttl% 158, 158.

Modification of adjectives com-
pared, 66.

Modification of diminutives, note
to 16.

Modification of plurals of nouns,
25, 26, 35, 86, 89.

Modification of some parts of
verbs, 110, 112—114, 117—
121.

Modified vowels, 6.

Modified vowels, how pronounced,
6.

Modified vowels cannot occur
twice in one syllable, 25, 173.

m'oQtn, 107.

mi>gen^ with the infinitive instead
of the perfect participle, 195.

mi^tn, connects infinitive without
J«, 192.

mb^ttt, the position of its auxili-
ary with the preterits in sub-
ordinate sentences, 274.

^oldjl, declined, 26.

Wtol\>avi, is feminine, 18.

WtolUn, has no singular, 29

SJJottb, how pronounced, 11 ; de-
clined, 26.

Month, names of, are masculine,
16.

Moods of verbs, 108, 104, 124-.
129, 181.

Moods of verbs, their use, 190—
206.

Motion towards localities, 249,
III.

Motion, towards persons, 265,
1.2.

Mountuns, names of, are mascu-
line, 16.



Digitized



by Google



224



aiNIRAL INDEX.



Monntaiiifl, used with the defini-
tive ftrtiole, 212.

mitbe^ goYerns the genitrre, 222.

MuUipUoation table, how recited,
184.

Multiplioatiye nnmerals, 64.

^i^unb^ has no plural, 28.

mttffcri, 107.

tnitifctt/ instead of infinitire, 198.

ntitffen^ with the infinitive instead
of the perfect participle, 196,

miiflen, with the infinitive with-
out )u, 192.

mitffen^ the position of its aoxili-
ary, with the preterits in sub-
ordinate sentences, 274.

jtturrctt, uses the preposition ijibtt,
260.

mviihma%ttt, has the augment m,
142.

gjhittcr, declined, 86.

myself, thyself, himself, herself,
etc.,in their doable meanings in
English and their translation,
81.

^, additional termination for

declension of noons, 80, 82, 87,

46.
naA, prefix, 140.
mof, preposition, 168, 166, 249.
9lac^bar/ how declined, 88.
nad^bent/ 161 ; subordinates, 268.
9la0el/ declined, 26.
nabe, compares irregularly, 66.
napeit/ [i<if, or n^l^ent^ governs the

dative, 226.
na^er, ber na^\it, 66.
9Jamf or ^amtn, declined, 81, 37.
9larr, declined, 31.
n^bttt, 163, 168.
ntb^, 163, 166.
ndbtfti^^ uses the prepodtion auf,

240.
nemten^ has the predicate when a

noun in the nominative, 216.
nmmn, with two accusatives,

217.
Stetttmudo is feminine, 19.
Neuter nouns, 18.



Neuter nouns, declension of, 87«
ni^i, 148 ; its position, 271.
ni^t nnt, 268.
mi^ti, 82, 88.
td^^htftctotni^tt, 268.
nithtt, 140.
^kmaxi^ 82, 83.
^itmtn, is masculine, 17.
nodjl, 248, 268.
Nominative case, 22.

of address, 216.



is an independent

ease, 216.
' used for the subject,
22.
— used for the predi-
cate of some neuter
verbs, 22, 216.
niitliltgen, nses the preposition ^u,

266.
Nouns, declined of, 21 — 48.

gender of, 16—20.

formed from adjectives,

how declined, 62, 230.
formed from cardinal nu-
merals, 62.

expressing numbers, 72.

having no plural, 28.

having no singular, 29.

with different genders

and meanings, 20.
— — with different plurals and
meanings, 40.

with prefix ®t, 18, 42.

modifying the vowel in

the plural, 26, 26, 86,
39.
— — formed ftrom verbs, use
the same preposition as
required by the verb.
Note to 239, II.
— — verbal, their gender, 18.
Number, expressed with the de-
finite article, 218,
Numerals, 69—78.

cardinal, 69—66.

I ' cardinal, with nouns
express weight, mea-
sure, collect, quantity,
65.



Digitized



by Google



GENERAL INDEX.



225



Niim«ralB, declined, 60, 61.

dimidiative) 70.

Numerals, expressing time of day,
66.

fractional, 70.

gender of, 63.

governing the genitive,

222.

how preceded by arti-
cles or prononns,
236.

indefinite, 73—78.

iterative, 64.

multiplicative, 64,

ordinal, 68—72.

variative, 64.

nii|Kn) governs the dative, 226.

©, how pronounced, 3.

0, occurs double, 4, 171.

in, how pronounced, 6.

Ji, when occurring, 171.

ob, pronounced, 175.

tii}, conjunction, 161.

ob^ subordinates, 268.

oh, conjunction, its use, 261.

ci, conjunction, omitted, 266.

oi, in connection with ali, 260.

slh, preposition, 153.

obrr^alb, 153, 156.

ob^tiA, 161, 258.

DbglettP/ connected with fo, 263.

Object, 22, 186.

in the accusative, 22, 217.

in the genitive, 219, 223.

its position in the sentence,

269.

indirect, of person, 22, 188.

indirect, of cause, 223.

obfdboit/ 161 ; subordinates, 258.
obf^ori, connected with fo, 263.
£)bji, how pronounced, 11.
ohtoo\)l, 161 ; subordinates, 258.

§«^^«'}declined,31.

obcr, 161, 258

Ofen, declined, 25.

«>^» 'oi)f where occurring, 171.

jD^m, declined, 20, 38.

ojme, 153, 157.



ot^tte, with the infinitive and vt,
191, 256.

Dl^nma(<>t, declined, 27.

£)\)X, declined, 26, 38.

One, not translated with adjec-
tives and pronouns, used sub-
stantively, 67.

Order, expressed by prepositions,
257.

Order, of words in sentences,
267—276.

Ordinal numerals, 68 — 72.

Ordinal numerals, declined, 69.

Ordinal numerals, how pron'd,
68.

Origin, expressed by prepos. 257.

jDrt, has two plurals with differ-
ent meanings, 40.

Orthography, general rules, 107.

special rules, 168 —

181.

its doubtful cases,

166.

of vowels, 168— 178.

in separation of syl-
lables, 182.

£)|lent/ has no singular, 29.

^aar, 72.

^Jantoffel, declined, 42.

Participles used as adjectives, 52,
198

104—106, 196—201.

compound, 197.

perfect, used absolute-
ly, 201 ; as adjectives,
201 ; predicates, 201.

Participle, perfect, instead of im-
perative, 201.

perfect, instead of pre-
sent participle, with
verbs of motion, and
fommen, 201.

perfect, of irregular

verbs, 110—126.

present, 197; used as

adjective, 198.

present, used substan-
tively, 199.

— -— — present, with |u, 199.



Digitized



by Google



226



QINERAL INDEX.



Partieiple, praMnt, in EngL, with
prepositions, etc. 200.

Partitire genitiTe, 220—222,268.

Passiye voice, 109, 128, 187,
188.

Passive voice, uses the preposi-
tion huxii, 244 — III., and ^on,
268, L

Past participles, see Participles.

yatton, declined, 81.

Perfect participles, see . Parti-
ciples.

Perfect tense, its formation, 106
—108.

Perfect tense, its use, 209.

ytx\on, declined, 84.

Personal pronouns, 79 — 89.


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 14 16

Online LibraryFrederick A RoeseA grammar of the German language → online text (page 14 of 16)