Frederick Clifton Pierce.

Batchelder, Batcheller genealogy. Descendants of Rev. Stephen Bachiler of England...who settled the town of New Hampton, N. H., and Joseph, Henry, Joshua and John Batcheller, of Essex Co., Mass online

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Online LibraryFrederick Clifton PierceBatchelder, Batcheller genealogy. Descendants of Rev. Stephen Bachiler of England...who settled the town of New Hampton, N. H., and Joseph, Henry, Joshua and John Batcheller, of Essex Co., Mass → online text (page 1 of 97)
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Batchelder, Batcheller


Rev. Stephen Bachiler, of England,








Pierce,. Peirce, Pearce, Forbes, Forbitsh, Gibson, Harwood, Brocklebank,
Whitney and Fiske Genealogies, Etc.




My Friend,

Geo. Clinton Batcheller

who has materially
aided in this


This Volume

is most respectfully


The Author.




EDENIC lore gives us no clue
To our ancestral tree;
The drowsy Sphinx is silent, too,
Regarding pedigree.

In ancient and medieval ages,

With motto — might is right,
In vain we search historic pages,

And get but little light.

We rest upon our English tree:

Stephen, a stalwart oak —
An early plant of history —

Refused the Bishop's yoke,

And sailed to the new-born western world,

Transplanted the family tree;
The ancestral banner here unfurled,

And hence our pedigree.

John Bachelder.
Milwaukee, Wis., 1898. (Aged 82 years.)



Author's Preface 8

Origin of Batchelder Name 9

Visit to Historic Canterbury, England 13

Search in Herald's College 20

Rev. Stephen Bachiler, Puritan Emigrant 25

Other Bachelders in New England 39

English Bachiler Notes 41

English Batcheller Wills and Estates 45

College Graduates by name of Batchelder 53

Batchellers in the Revolutionary War 55

Batchellers on Revolutionary Pension Rolls 67

Batchelders in Civil War from Vermont, New Hampshire and Massachusetts. . . 69

Descendants of Rev. Stephen Bachiler 75

Sketch of Rev. Stephen Bachiler by V. C. Sanborn 95

Rev. Stephen Bachiler in Lynn. History of Lynn 99

Rev. Stephen Bachiler in Sandwich. History of Cape Cod 102

Rev. Stephen Bachiler at Hampton. H istory of Hampton 103

Rev. Stephen Bachiler at Exeter. History of Exeter 108

The Massachusetts Batcheller Family 343



Frederick C. Pierce Frontispiece

Batcheller Coat of Arms 11

Autograph Prof. John Fiske 12

St. Martin's Church, Canterbury.Eng. 13
Christ Church Gate, " " 15

Canterbury Cathedral, " " 17

Tomb of the Black Prince, " " 18

St. Augustine's Chair, " " 20

The Royal College of Arms 21

Batchelor Coat of Arms 23

Bachler " " " 23

Batcheller " " " 23

Bachler " " " 23

Rev. Stephen Bachiler Coat of Arms . 24

" " " Signature 76

John G. Whittier 78

Whittier's B'thpl'ce, Haverhill, Mass. 79

Salisbury Marshes 79

The Whittier Homestead 80

Wing Coat of Arms 84

Victor Channing Sanborn 95

Sanborne Coat of Arms 109

Gen. Henry Dearborn 118

Hon. Daniel Webster 124

Hon. Justin S. Morrill 156

Hon. William B. Allison 158

Dea. Geo. Batchelder Fiske 165

Mrs. Sally Batchelder 178

Franklin Simmons 184

Gov. Benjamin F. Butler 188

James Locke Batchelder 200

Gen. Richard N. Batchelder 243

Dea. Dudley T. Batchelder 251

Charles F. Batchelder 262

Haymarket Monument 263

Wm. R. Batchelder 263

Edmund H. Batchelder 264

Capt. Moulton Batchelder 273

Hon. John Mason Batchelder 277


Hon. Francis Batchelder 278

Hon. Timothy P. Batchelder 280

Rev. J. M. Bacheldor 293

John Bachelder 295

Col. John B. Bachelder 304

Dr. Theophilus J. Batchelder 305

Hon. James Henry Batchelder 321

Dea. Caleb C. Bachelder 331

William Fayette Batchelder 332

George E. Bachelder 335

Hon. George F. Batchelder 336

Views in Ipswich, Mass 346

Hon. George B. Peck 395

Dr. George B. Peck 396

Sergt. Joseph S. Batchelor 443

Webster Batcheller (insert) 450

Hon. Samuel Batchelder 472

May Yohe 502

Lord and Lady Francis Hope 503

George H. Batcheller 504

George E. Batchelder 508

Stillman Batchellor 514

Dr. Alexander Batcheller 520

Rev. Leonard Batchelor 523

Rev. Joseph Mayo Batchelder 537

Gen. Geo. S. Batcheller 548

Commodore Oliver A. Batchellor. . . 551

Hon. Albert S. Batchellor 560

Noah S. Batcheller 564

Geo. Clinton Batcheller (insert) 566

Major Hiram Ward Batcheller 568

Wm. Hamilton Batcheller 569

Stephen E. Batcheller 570

Joseph C. Batchelor 572

A'.den Batchelder 578

Dr. John H. Batchelder 580

Hon. John T. Hassam 581

Fred Elmer Batcheller 596


THE object of the publication of this book is to preserve in a per-
manent form the historical and genealogical data of the Batch-
elder (however spelled) family in America. Quite a little
information has been published at various times in the histories
of New England towns, but no attempt at a complete compilation has
been previously made. There were a number of emigrant ancestors
to this country prior to 1700 — a few were related, others were not.
There is but little doubt but that the family was of Norman extrac-
tion, and went into England at an early day, where the name has
been variously spelled. The first record we have is of Gilbert le
Bachler, who paid tillage in Normandy in 1195; from that time until
the present his descendants and relations have spelled the name in no
less [than forty-four different ways, and on this account it has been
quite difficult to trace the families in all their peregrinations.

The arrangement of the matter is similar to that of my former pub-
lications (the Whitney and Fiske Genealogies). Being the simplest,
it is therefore the easiest to trace. I take this opportunity to thank
all those who have so kindly assisted me in the compilation of this
work. My thanks are particularly due to Geo. Clinton Batcheller,
of New York City, who has not only rendered great assistance in the
publication of the book, but furnished the search of the Herald's Col-
lege in London, England, and various coats of arms. Thanks are also
due to Mrs. S. A. Pierce, Grafton, Mass., Hon. Albert S. Batchellor,
Littleton, N. H., F. L. Orra, Chicago, 111., Victor C. Sanborn, Chicago,
111., Seymour Morris, Chicago, 111., and others. I trust the various
members of the family will take as much pleasure in perusing the
pages as I did in compiling them.

Frederick C. Pierce.
Chicago, March 21, 1898.


The word bachelor has long been a sore puzzle to etymologists, says Lower in
his work on English surnames.* That the name "Bachelor," however spelled, is
the same as the word "bachelor," meaning an unmarried man or a college graduate,
is unquestioned, but many derivations have been given by different authors to
account for the meaning of the word, some most fanciful and even grotesque, others
with more probability of correctness. Knights bachelors were the most ancient,
though the lowest order of knighthood in England. It is said, in a note to Chitty's
Blackstone, that the most probable derivation of "bachelor" is from bas and chev-
alier, an inferior knight, f

The derivation of the word is given in Webster's dictionary as from the old
French "bachiler," meaning a young man. A common derivation given is from
"bacalaureus," having reference to the chaplet of laurel berries with which the
new bachelor of arts was crowned. The earliest mention of the name indicates that
it was given originally to mark the condition of its possessor as an unmarried man,
or as a young man, when there was an elder person of the same Christian name
living in the neighborhood. The English registers of the thirteenth and fourteenth
centuries, where we first meet the name, use the French prefix "le." Thus we find
Jordanus le Bachelor,:): (Gilbert le Bachler,^ that is, Jordan the Bachelor, Gilbert the
Bachelor. We may be reasonably sure that the names Jordan and Gilbert were then
so common in a particular neighborhood in Normandyl that it was necessary to
indicate by some addition to the Jordan or Gilbert that there was an elder or
married person of the same name in the immediate neighborhood. If "bachelor"
meant simply an unmarried man, it was not proper or fitting at the death of
Jordan le Bacheler in 1297, for he left surviving him a wife, Alice, and a son,
John. It is, therefore, probable that the word "bachelor" was used at that time
much like "junior," meaning simply "the younger," and though at first given to an
unmarried man, was not dropped upon marriage, as it was a convenient and not
inappropriate designation of the younger, whether single or married. At a later
period the "le," being superfluous, was dropped, and in 1433 we find John Bachelor
returned in the commissioners' list of the gentry of Norfolk, England, though John y<,
Baschealer died at Kelsale, in Suffolk, February 1, 1552."! We do not know where
the family originated. There is the usual family tradition, which bears on its face
the marks of improbability, that three brothers by the name of Bachiler served
under William the Conqueror, and were rewarded after the battle of Hastings, in
1066, by a grant of land in Wiltshire. For sign manual they were given a shield
upon which were three boars' heads, united by three links, a spear above them
couchant. There was no crest, indicating that they were private soldiers.

Before 1600, we find the family name in the counties of Kent, Surrey, Sussex,
Wilts, Hampshire, Bucks, Middlesex, Norfolk and Suffolk, all in the southeastern
part of England. Very few are found north of London. The earliest mention of
the name is found in Surrey, and very probably Surrey or Sussex was the earliest
home of the Bachilers.

It is impossible to trace the relationship, if any existed, between the early
Bachlier families in England, or to decide whether the first emigrants of that
name to America were kindred. The Ipswich and Salem emigrants were brothers.
The names associated in some of the early English families indicate that Alexander
Bachieler, the emigrant, of Portsmouth, was a relative of the Salem and Ipswich

♦Lower's Patronymica Brittanica, '.JO.
jNote to page 404.
iCalendarium Genealogicum, 12(17.
tjRotuli Clausarum in Turri Londonensi.

II Batchellor: The name is Norman. Gilbert Batchellor paid taillage in N'ormandy in 1195.
The name is variously spelled in this country and in England.
"[Registers of the Parish of Kelsale, Suffolk.


Bachilers, as Mark Bacheller, of Bradding, in the Isle of Wight, died about n.14.
leaving a brother. Alexander Bacheller, two sons. John Bacheller the elder and
John Bacheller the younger, and three daughters.* Mark was a family name
among the Salem Bachilers, but neither that name, nor Alexander, has been found
elsewhere in the English families. Such evidence is. of course, slight, but is worth
noting in the absence of convincing facts. It is probable that other relationship
existed between some of the Bachiler emigrants, but further and more careful
search must be made in England before this interesting question of relationship can
be settled.

There were seven immigrants of the Bachiler name:

1 . Alexander, of Portsmouth, N. H.

2. Rev. Stephen, of Lynn. Mass., and Hampton. N. II.
;. Henry, of Ipswich. Mass.

1 [oseph, of Salem, Mass. (now Wenham).

5. John, of Salem, Mass.

< "William, of Charlestown, Mas-.

7. John, of Watcrtown, ami Dedham, and Reading.

There are living descendants of the Bachiler name from four of these immi-

ts, namely: Rev. Stephen, Joseph and John, (if Salem, and Henry, of Ipswich.

This name appears in the Massachusetts and New Hampshire records under the
form of Bachaler, Bachalor, Bachelder, Bacheler, Bacheldor, Bachcldore, Bachcledr,
Bacheller, Bachellor, Bachelor, BachUder, Bachilo, Bachillor, Bachlicor, Bachlor,
Bacholter, Bactherer, Bashelor, Batchalder, Barchaldor, Batchalor, Batchelar,
Batcheldor, Batcheler, Batcheller, Batchellor, Batchelor, Batchelter, Batcherder.
Batchlar, Batchilder, Batchldor, Batchlor, Batcholder, Batcholdor, Battchelor,
Bocldr, Batchelder.

I'.ATCHELOR [SEE BACHELOR.]— Bachelor, Bachellor, Batchelor, Batchellor.
Batcheler, Batchler, Bachelere, Bacheler, Bachylere, Bachelar, from French

1. A young gentleman who aspires to be a knight.

2. A student who has taken his first degree at a university.

3. An unmarried man, a lover.

French — Bachelier, Bachellier, Bacheler. Bachiler, a young man from
Med. Latin Baccalarius, said to be from late Latin bacea, for racca, a
cow (baccalaureate).

A. — 1 l&DINARY LANGO u.i .

A person of the male sex, of marriageable age, who has not in fact been
married. When he has passed the time of life at which the majority of men
enter the matrimonial state, he is called an "old bachelor."

:hful parcel of noble bachelors stand at my
teare. lura well xnat i-.nus Well. 118.

B. — Technically.

I. University degrees.

1. In the expression bachelor of arts (B. A.), one who has taken the lirst
degree at a university. The B. A. degree was introduced in the thirteenth
centurv by Pope Gregory IX. In the opinion of Jamieson, in this sense the
term bachelor was probably borrowed from the arrangement in the Univer-
sity of I'aris, where two of the four orders into which the theological faculty
was divided were called Baccalani 1'armeti and Baecalarii Cursores.

met in the Chamber above the school of Hunianitie,"— Cranford, Hist. Univ.
Kdin. p. -.".i (Jam

2. The same as master of arts 1 ( >. Scotch 1.

Lifter four year- Study, take : I

II. Heraldry.
1. Formerly. .11 A person who, though a knight, had not a sufficient number of

vassals to have his banner carried before him in battle,
lb) One who was not old enough to display a banner of his own, and there-
fore had to follow that of another.

"A knight of Rome and his bachylere."— Gowei

, •Will of Mark Rachel'.- -try. Winchester Hants, England.


(c) A chevalier who, having made his first campaign, received a military

(d) One who, on the first occasion that he took part in a tournament, over-
came his adversary.

2. Now. A member of the oldest but lowest order of English knighthood — the
knights bachelors (knights). KingAlfied is said to have conferred it on
his son Athelstan.
III. Among the London city companies.
One not yet admitted to livery.

Bachelor's buttons, a name given by gardeners to the double-flowered variety
of one of crowfoots or buttercups. Sometimes this species is further
designated as yellow bachelor's buttons, after the example of the French,
who denominated it "bouttons d'or, " while the white bachelor buttons,
"boutons d'argent," is bestowed on another crowfoot. Various other
plants, especially the campion, the burdock, the scabious or bluebottle,
have also been called bachelor's buttons or buttons. — The Encyclopaedic

Gen. George S. Batcheller, of Washington, writes: It is a tradition that our
branch of the Batchellers came from Spain ! That the ancestor was a secretary or
lt.-governor of Florida, then Spanish possession, was driven out by Indians, and of
the embarking his colony in a war vessel. He and a few associates remained on
shore, and when they went in search of their ship it had "passed out of sight" in
the fog, and they drifted in a small boat to sea, and finally landed in New England.
Batcheller, or Batchillero, remained in America, having married a pretty Puritan,
and his comrades returned to Spain. His descendants grew up as Protestants and
Puritans. It is all tradition.

Another work on the origin of names states this of the name Bachelder: The
Dutch "bock" meant "book." "Bareo" is "doctor". The whole means doctor of
divinity, law or medicine.

The following paragraph appeared in The Family Herald, an English magazine,
dated August 10, 1895, page 239: The term "bachelor" is from the Latin "bacca-
laureus," "one crowned with laurel." In the French it becomes "a young squire, not
made a knight." Its first English meaning was "a young unmarried man." In old
times, the student-undergraduate was forbidded by the law of the universities to
marry, on pain of expulsion. Violations of this law by William Lee resulted in his
invention of the stocking loom.

Prof. John Fiske, of Cambridge, America's most celebrated historian, in writing
to the author of this work, on the origin of names, has this to say : The largest and
most familiar groups of surnames are either ( 1) patronymics, such as Johnson, Jones,
Wilson, etc. ; or (2J names of villages and estates, such as Washington, Frothingham
(a corruption of Fotheringham), Greenough (green field), Holmes (meadow),
Stanley (stony pasture), etc. ; or (3) names descriptive of occupation or social
position, such as Mason, Carpenter, Franklin (country squire), Baker and its
feminine, Baxter, Thatcher and Thaxter, Weaver and Webster, Draper, Smith,
Fletcher (arrow-maker), Chapman (merchant), Cooper, Butler, Cartwright, Sargent,
Waterman, Sawyer, Chandler, Bishop, Abbot, Clark, Constable, Spencer (steward),
Grosvenor (chief huntsman), Woodward (forest-keeper), Youmans (yeoman), etc.

The earliest use of family names in England was about the beginning of the
eleventh century. Long before that time, indeed, clan names were common, and
such were always patronymics, e. g : Fotherings, the descendants of Fother ;
Beormings, the descendants of Beorm ; Icklings, the descendants of Ickel. At the
time of the Anglo-Saxon conquest of Britain (fifth and sixth centuries), it was custom-
ary for a clan to settle in a stockaded village by itself, and all English towns whose
names end in "ham" or "ton," preceded by "ing," were originally the abodes of
single clans, e. g: Birmingham, home of the children of Beorm; Icklington, town
of the children of Ickel. Besides these general clan names no others were in use
except individual names, such as Alfred or Edith.

The use of family names, beginning in the eleventh century, increased slowly.
It was not until the fifteenth century that such names became nearly universal, and
also stationary. At first they were shifting in usage. Thus, the same man might
be called Henry Wilson, because his father was named William ; or Henry Frothing-
ham, because he lived at the village of Fotheringham; or Henry Draper, because of
his occupation. If the son of this Henry were named Robert, and were any kind
of a worker in metals, from an armorer to a blacksmith, he might be known as


Robert Harrison, or Robert Smith. Surnames had not ceased to fluctuate in this
way until the fifteenth century, and it was not until late in the sixteenth that more
importance began to be attached to the family surname than to the individual bap-
tismal name. It appears, therefore, that in tracing back genealogy into the
fourteenth century we are approaching the time at which difficulty must arise from
fluctuations of surnames. Thus the paternal grandfather of Stephen Hachiler might
have been called David' Johnson, if John were his fathers name, or David
Franklin, if he were a country squire. In the thirteenth century, we should be
quite likely to encounter such confusion, and to find the helpfulness of surnames in
tracing genealogies vastly diminished.

Surnames derived from estates or localities seem to have been the first to
become stationary, and next after them the surnames derived from trade or office,
since sons have so commonly followed their fathers in business.

We are at first struck with the fact that barbarians commonly use names both
for individuals and for clans. Such individual names as Gray Wolf, or Yellow
Raccoon, often owe their origin to some personal peculiarity or to some irrecover-
able incident. Among American Indians, and in general among barbarians all over
the world, the clans are apt to have such names as Wolf, Eagle, Salmon, Turtle,
etc; the totem, or symbol, of the Wolf clan, the idol or image of its tutelar diety, is
likely to be a rude image of a wolf or wolf's head, and in many cases the clan is
supposed to have had a wolf for its first ancestor. Shall we say. then, that animal
surnames in modern English are survivals of ancient heathen clan-names?

The conversion of our English forefathers from heathenism to Christianity was
completed in the seventh century, at least four hundred years before the earlie-
of surnames in England. The old elan system, moreover, had crumbled to pieces
long before Norman conquest. It is not likely, therefore, that habits of naming
characteristic of the old heathen clans could have persisted long enough to give
rise to a whole class of surnames so late as the eleventh and twelfth centuries.

Between the ancient systems of totem devices and the heraldry of the Middle
Ages, there were many analogies, and doubtless some points of connection; though,
on the whole, the former must be regarded as the predecessor of the latter, not as
its ancestor. The mediaeval heraldry was growing up in England during the
eleventh and twelfth centuries, and it made an extensive use of conventionalized
heads of familiar animals, not merely lions, wolves and bulls, but many kinds of
birds and lishes, as well as such imaginary creatures as dragons, griffins and
cockatrices. For example, Lucy is the heraldic name for pike, and the shield of
the De Lucy family bears on a held gules three lucies or. From this emblem the
family surname is likely to have arisen, just as Geoffrey Plantagenet was so called
from the sprig of broom or genesta plant worn in his helmet. The familiar name of
l'ike, as well as that 'of the Puritan magistrate, Sir Thomas Lucy, who arrested
Shakespeare for poaching, has probably come from the heraldic use of pikes or

The explanation which serves for one ot this class of animal surnames might
perhaps serve for all, but there is another point to be considered. Heraldic devices
were used not only upon banners and coats-of-arms, but also upon signboards, not
merely of inns but of other places of business. In days when reading and writing
were not common accomplishments, such devices were in general use. and they
survived down to a recent time. For tavern signs they are not yet extinct. In old
times, as often at the present day in Europe, the shop and the homestead were
usually contained in the same building. Thus, in the seventeenth century, the
father of John Milton, who was a solicitor, notary public, and law stationer, had his
office and his home in a certain house known as the Spread Eagle, in Bread street,
Cheapside. Over the front door was the figure of an eagle with outstretched wings.
lor four or five centuries before Milton's time, in going through any town, you
would have passed by a succession of such signs of hawks, cranes, dolphins, salmon,
lambs, and bulls, thus finding your way to the particular shop and homestead of
which you were in quest. The principle upon which the signs were chosen is ma
always obvious. Sometimes a family name mav have suggested the sign, as if
a man named Crow were to paint a black crow over his door; but in early times the
sign undoubtedly preceded and suggested the name. The family which dwelt at
the sign of the crow came to be called Crow, in the same way that a family which
dwelt at a country house called Greenough or Greenhalge (green field) came to be
called by the name of the house.



(By Jennie Bard Dugdale, of the Interior.)

Among the caprices of custom none is more inexplicable and unfortunate than
that which draws present-day pilgrims from over seas other whither than to beau-
tiful, historic Canterbury. However Britons may regard it, few Americans think
of seeking this interesting and attractive spot when journeying in England. A
tour of the Cathedral towns usually omits this most important of them all. Trav-

elers take train at London for Dover, with Paris, the glittering, for their goal, and
are whirled through old Kent, almost under the shadow of the Cathedral's triple
spires without a thought of the storied past or the glowing present over which those
soaring structures stand guard.

Although Kent is not noted for the wild and romantic scenery of some of the
other counties, there is a smiling fairness in her fertile valleys and soft-swelling
hills which is not without charm. Few mediaeval towns are quainter or more
picturesque that the ancient borough whose red roofs cluster about the great

Online LibraryFrederick Clifton PierceBatchelder, Batcheller genealogy. Descendants of Rev. Stephen Bachiler of England...who settled the town of New Hampton, N. H., and Joseph, Henry, Joshua and John Batcheller, of Essex Co., Mass → online text (page 1 of 97)