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Frederick E Shearer.

The Pacific tourist : J.R. Bowman's illustrated trans-continental guide of travel, from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean ... : acomplete traveler's guide of the Union and Central Pacific Railroads ... online

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Online LibraryFrederick E ShearerThe Pacific tourist : J.R. Bowman's illustrated trans-continental guide of travel, from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean ... : acomplete traveler's guide of the Union and Central Pacific Railroads ... → online text (page 41 of 61)
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to which they carry their cooking. During a
recent Chinese banquet in San Francisco, an
orange was laid at the plate of each guest. The
orange itself seemed like any other orange, but
on being cut open, was found to contain within
the rind five kinds of delicate jellies. One was
at first puzzled to explain how the jellies got in,
and giving up that train of reflection, was in a
worse quandary to know how the pulpy part of
the orange got out. Colored eggs were also
served, in the inside of which were found nuts,
jellies, meats and confectionery. When one of
the Americans present, asked the interpreter to
explain this legerdemain of cookery, he expanded
his mouth in a hearty laugh, and shook his head
and said, " Melican man heap smart; tchy he not
Jind him out ? "

Colfax 144 miles from San Francisco. It
was named in honor of the late Vice-President,
has an altitude of 2,422 feet, and is a day tele-
graph station. The old settlement was Ulinois-
town, but with the opening of the station, the
old town was "finished." Colfax has a popu-
lation of 1,000, two churches Methodist Epis-
copal and Congregational three hotels and
stores to indicate that it is the center of trade
for a population of several thousand. A daily
stage runs to Forest Hill, eight miles distant,
on the south side of the American River.

NEVADA COUNTY NARROW GAUGE
RAILROAD.

JOHN C. COLEMAN, President, - Grass Valley.
J. W. SIOOXTBNEY, Vice-President,
EDWAED COLEMAN, Treasurer, -
JOHN F. KIDDEK, Gen'l Supt., -
GEORGE FLETCHEB, Secretary., -

This road is of three feet gauge, 22/ miles
long, and extends to Nevada City. It is a series
of almost continuous curves, steep grades, high
bridges and charming scenery. From Colfax
the road descends at the rate of 121 feet to tho
mile toward Capo Horn, and passes under tho
high bridge of the Central Pacific, over the ravino
where the waters of the Bear and American
rivers divide. Following toward Bear river, a
side track is reached for the town of You Bet,
several miles distant, and the river soon crosses
at its junction with Greenhorn Creek, and at a
point 346 feet below Colfax. The Howe truss
bridge is 750 feet long and 97 feet high. The road
follows the Greenhorn, but the creek and deep
chasm are soon lost sight of for three miles,



when they reappear, and the track is only 1,500
feet distant from the point where they were lost
sight of. After gaining elevation by this curv-
ing, the routs winds over the high mountain
ridges to its summit at an altitude of 2,851 feet.

Storms, Buena Vista and Kress Summit a.nd
Union Hill are stations between Colfax and
Grass Valley, but of no general importance.

From the summit to Grass Valley the maxi-
mum grade (descending) of 121 feet is again
reached. The most charming views are the
Canon of the Amercan River and Cape Horn,
both pn the right just after leaving Colfax, and
the valleys of the Bear and Greenhorn. Com-
pared with these inspiring canons, the scenery
from the Summit to Nevada City is quite tame,
yet there is none of it that is not picturesque
and interesting.

All along the routs traversing this region
of this great country, the most wonderful, the
grandest and the most beautiful views of natu-
ral scenery are to be had. What magic is this
to enable a traveler to sit in a chair suitable for
a room in a palace; have his meals brought to
him of tho rarest of dainties, if he so chooses;
and all the while ho is borne as swift as the
flight of a bird, over ridges inaccessible to
the toiling carriages of old, over the summits
of mountains and down again to the level of
valleys ! performing in five days what not
long ago it took months to do. Opening be-
fore the tourist, who sits at his spacious win-
dow in the sumptuous car, scenes of beauty,
grandeur and magnificence, parhaps never
dreamed of by him before, coming and passing
like thoughts in a dream. What would be the
sensations of one of our ancestors were he to be
brought back again to the life ho lived and
placed by the side of our tourist ?

Grass Valley is 16.74 miles from Colfax,
and has a population of P,500. It is the center
of the best gold quartz mining region of the
State, and has the largest Protestant Church
(Methodist Episcopal) in the Sierra Mountains.
It has also a Congregational, Roman Catholic,
Episcopal and Christian or Campbellite Church.
Until recently, it had two banks, but at present
has none. It is the center of large lumber, fruit
and mining interests, has a daily paper, the
Union, and one weekly, the FonthMl Tidings.
Stages leave Grass Valley, daily, for Marys-
ville on the Oregon division of the Central Pacific
Railroad.

Nevada City, five miles from Grass Valley,
but nearly seven by railroad, is the county town
of Nevada County, has a population 'of 4,500,
and is a prosperous town.

The people of Truckee are compelled to at-
tend court in this city. It is in the same mining
region as Grass Valley, and was for many years
the largest town in the mining regions. From
an area of six miles, not less than 8100,000.000




CAPE HORN.
L View looking down the American River. 2. View of Cape Horn and American River Canon, looking EaM.



255



have been taken, and $2,000,000 are now pro-
duced annually. Downieville, Sierraville, Lake
City, Bloomfield, Moore's Plat and Eureka
South.

The Idaho Mine near Grass Valley, and close
to the railroad track, has paid its one hundred
and fortieth monthly dividend, varying from $5
to $25. Many other mines are rich and profitable,
and in no section of the Pacific Coast has the
prosperity of this industry been more uniform.

Grass Valley and Nevada City are alike in
having irregular streets, streets laid out to
suit the mines. Nevada has two papers, the
Daily Transcript and the tri-weekly Lraaette.

Stages leave Nevada daily for San Juan North
(the center of extensive hydraulic mining),
Comptonville, Forest City.

Leaving Colfax, the tourist may become more
interested in the forms of vegetation and will
notice the manzani'a, common to all the foot-
hills of California. It will be seen toward the
Geysers and the Yosemite of much larger
growth. It is a queer bush, and like the
madrona tree it does not shed its leaf, but sheds
its bark. Its small, red berry ripens in the
fall and is gathered and eaten by the Indians.
Crooked canes made from its wood are much
esteemed. The bark is very delicate until var-
nished and dried, and great care should be taken
in transporting them when first cut.

The foothills are partly covered with chapar-
ral, consisting mostly of a low evergreen oak,
which, in early days, afforded secure hiding
places for Mexican robbers, and now accommo-
dates with cheap lodgings, many a " road agent"
when supplied from Wells, Fargo & Company's
treasure boxes. The white blossoms of the
ceanothus fill the air with fragrance in April
and May.

On the right, the valley of the Sacramento is
coming faster into sight, and the Coast Range
growing more distinct. The next station, 5.1
miles west of Colfax, is

New England Mills, at the west end of a
plateau where there is no grade for three miles.
Lumbering in the vicinity has declined, and the
trains do not stop. The roadway continues on
the south side of the divide between the Bear
and American rivers, but this has so widened
that the cars seem to be winding around among
small hills far away from either river.

Water taken from Bear River, near Colfax, is
quite near the railroad, on the right, for a num-
ber of miles, and will be seen crossing over at
Clipper Gap.

Below New England Mills there is an opening
called George's Gap, named from an early resi-
dent, George Giesendorfer, and farther west is
Star House Gap, called from an old hotel; then
signs of farming are again seen in Bahney's
Ranche, at the foot of Bahney's Hill, and Wild-
Cat Eanche farther west, where Wild-Cat Sum-



mit is crossed by a tunnel 693 feet long, and
Clipper Ravine is then found on the left-hand
side. This tunnel was made in 1873, to straighten
the road, and the ends are built of solid ma-
sonry. Across Clipper Gap Ravine, the stage
road from Auburn to Georgetown may be seen
winding up the mountain side.

About half-way between New England Mills
and Clipper Gap, there is a side track and day
telegraph station, called Applegatts, for the run-
ning of trains and a point for shipping lime;
but passenger trains run, without stopping,
from Colfax 11 1-3 miles, to

Clipper Gap 133 miles from San Fran-
cisco. The few buildings have a store and a
hotel among them. It was the terminus of the
road for three or four months, and then a lively
place.

Hare and mountain quail abound in these
foothills. The latter roost, not on the ground,
but in trees, never utter the "Bob White," so
familiar to sportsmen, and fly swifter than the
Eastern quail.

Auburn 126 miles from San Francisco, is
a day telegraph station, 6.6 miles from Clipper
Gap, with an elevation of 1,360 feet.

From Auburn Station a daily stage runs 22
miles to Forest Hill on arrival of the train from
the east, fare $4.00, and to Michigan Bluffs, 30
miles, fare $6.00, and another runs daily, except
Sunday, to Greenwood, 16 miles, fare $2.50, and
Georgetown, 21 miles, fare $3.00, Pilot Hill, 11
miles, fare $1.50, Coloma, 21 miles, fare $2.50,
and Placerville, 32 miles, fare $4.00. Alabaster
Cave on the route of the latter, six miles from
Auburn, is an opening in a limestone formation,
and the seat of the kilns in which the best lime
of California is made. What little beauty the
cave once possessed has been invaded, and it has
now no attraction for the tourist.

The town of Auburn proper is situated below
the station. It has a population of 1,000, two
churches, good schools, fine orchards, and is the
county-seat of Placer County. It is one of the
oldest towns in the State. It has three hotels,
one of which is the Railroad House. Many of
its buildings are constructed of brick or stone,
and grapes are extensively grown in the vicinity,
and with great success. The Placer Herald is a
weekly Democratic paper, and the Argus ; a
weekly Republican paper.

From the point where the locomotive stands
the Sacramento River can be seen on the left,
as also from other points as the 'train continues
westward. Soon after leaving the station, the
railroad crosses Dutch Ravine, at the head of
which is Bloomer Cut, where the train passes
through an interesting conglomerate, showing
a well-exposed stratum of boulders, sand and
coarse gravel. The trestle work formerly at
Newcastle Gap Bridge, 528 feet long and 60
feet high, has been filled with earth.



256




A VISION OF THE GOLDEN COUNTRY.
BY THOMAS



257



As the train nears Newcastle, the Marysville
Buttes, rough, ragged peaks, are easily discerned.
They are about 12 miles above the city of
Marysville, and the town near the railroad,
but clinging to a side hill opposite, is the
decayed town of Ophir.

From the high embankments, before reaching
and also after passing Newcastle, there are line
panoramas of
the Sacramento
Valley, on both
the right hand
and the left.
Mount Diablo
may be seen on
the left.

Newcastle,
121 miles from
San Francisco,
is a day tele-
graph station,
five miles from
Auburn, 956 feet
above the sea.
It has a hotel and
several stores,
every man in
the place a Good
Templar, and
some promising
quartz mines in
the vicinity. It
was named after
an old resident
and hotel-keep-
er called Castle.
An earnest of
what may be
seen in the lovely
valley, that has
such unlimited
extent before the
traveler, may be
seen in a flour-
ishing orange
tree, growing in
the open air, in
a garden only a
few yards from
the railroad

track. BLOOMER CTTT.

Fruit orchards are numerous and extensive
these foot-hills being one of the best sections of
the State for growing berries, apples, cherries,
peaches and figs. Almost every one will have
noticed the poison oak or poison ivy, and unless
one knows that he cannot be affected by it, he
should avoid an intimate acquaintance. Below
Newcastle about a mile, the railroad leaves
Dutch Bavine and enters Antelope Ravine, by
which it descends to the plain.

Penrhyn is a side track near a valuable




granite quarry. The rock is susceptible of a
high polish probably unsurpassed in the State,
and was used for building the dry dock of the
U. S. Navy Yard, at Mare Island, and other pub-
lic buildings. In summer, 200 men are employed
in the quarries.

Pino, 115 miles from San Francisco, is about
where the limit of the pines is found, in a coun-
try full of huge
boulders, with
quarries of gran-
ite, slightly soft-
er than that of
Penryn.

Rocklin is
112 miles from
San Francisco,
a day and night
telegraph sta-
tion, with 249
feet of elevation,
and is the point
at which east-
bound trains
take an extra
locomotive to
ascend the
mountain. The
roundhouse of
the railroad com-
pany, with 28
stalls, situated
here is a most
substantial
structure, made
from the granite
quarries near
the station.
From these quar-
ries, many of
the streets of
San Francisco
are paved, pub-
lic and private
buildings erect-
ed, and here
were cut the im-
mense blocks
used for the
pavements of the
Palace Hotel.

Junction is 108 miles from San Francisco.
It is a day telegraph station, and 163 feet above
the sea. The town is called Roseville, in honoi-
of the belle of the country who joined an excur-
sion here during the early history of the road,
and will probably be known as Roseville Junc-
tion.

Here the Oregon division of the Central Pa-
cific leaves the main line. On the left may be
seen the abandoned grade of a road that was
built to this point from Folsom on the American



258



River. By this road, Lincoln, Wheatland, Ma-
rysville, Chico, Tehama, Red Bluff, Redding, and
intermediate points are reached. One hundred
fifty-one and a half miles have been built from
the junction northward. Passengers going north
may use their tickets to San Francisco for pas-
sage over this division, and at Redding take
stage for Portland, Or. See page 300 for full
description of Railroad.

Antelope, a side track at which passenger
trains do not stop, and 6,6 miles farther on, a
place of about equal importance called

Arcade. The soil is light, much of it grav-
elly, but it produces considerable grass, and an
abundance of wild flowers. Prominent among
the latter are the Lupin and the Eschscholtzia,
or California Poppy. The long fence will inter-
est the Eastern farmer, for here is a specimen of
a Mexican grant. It is the Norris Ranche, now
owned by Messrs. Haggin, Tevis and others, and
nearly ten miles long. When California was
first settled, these plains were covered with tall,
wild oats, sometimes concealing the horseback
rider, and wild oats are now seen along the side of
the track. No stop is made, except for passing
trains, until the American River bridge is
reached.

About four miles from Sacramento we reach
the American River. It has none of the loveli-
ness that charmed us when we saw it winding
along the mountains. The whole river-bed has
filled up, and in summer, when the water is al-
most wholly diverted to mining camps or for
irrigation, it seems to be rather a swamp. It is
approached by a long and high trestle work.
After crossing the bridge, on the right, you will
notice some thrifty vineyards and productive
Chinese gardens in the rich deposits of the river.
On the left you will obtain a fine view of the
State Capitol; also you get a fine view of the
grounds of the State Agricultural Society. Its
speed-track, a mile in length, is unexcelled.
Its advantages, including the climate of the
State, make it the best training track in the
United States. It was here that Occident trot-
ted in 2.16 3-4, and is said to have made a record
of 2.15 1-4 in a private trial. The grand stand
was erected at a cost of $ 15,000.

Should you pass through the city in Septem-
ber or October, do not fail to see for yourself the
Agricultural Park and the Pavilion, and test the
marvellous stories about the beets and the pump-
kins, and secure some of the beautiful and de-
licious fruit that is grown in the foot hills.

On the left you will also see the hospital of
the Central Pacific Railroad. It contains all
modern improvements for lighting, heating, ven-
tilation and drainage, and a library of 1,200
volumes. It can accommodate 200 patients, and
cost the company $65,000. Fifty cents a month
is deducted from the pay of all employes for
maintaining the institution. No other railroad



has made such generous provision for its faith-
ful employes.

Railroad Works North of the city there
was a sheet of water known as " Sutler's Lake "
and " The Slough," and a succession of high
knolls. The lake was granted to the city by the
State, and to the railroad company by the city.
Its stagnant waters have given place, at great
cost, to most important industries. The high
knolls have been levelled, and are also owned, in
part, by the railroad company. Not less than fifty
acres of land are thus made useful for side tracks
and fruitful in manufactures. Six and a half
acres of it are covered by the railroad shops.
Twelve hundred men are constantly employed.

These are the chief shops of the railroad.
Some you saw at Ogden, Terrace, Carlin,
Wadsworth, Truckee and Rocklin, and you
will find others at Lathrop and Oakland Point,
and at Txilare and Caliente on the Visalia Divis-
ion. At Oakland Point several hundred men
are employed. All these shops and those of the
California Pacific Road at Vallejo center here.
These are the largest and best shops west of the
Mississippi River, and form the most extensive
manufacturing industry of the city.

The best locomotives, and the most elegant and
comfortable passenger cars on the coast are built,
and a large portion of the repairs for the whole
road is done here. All the castings of iron and
brass, and every fitting of freight and passenger
cars, except the goods used in upholstering, is
here produced ; boilers for steamers put up, the
heaviest engine shafts forged, telegraph instru-
ments made, silver plating done, and 12,000
car wheels made every month. All the latest
and best labor-saving tools and machinery used
in wood, iron and brass work can here be seen
in operation.

The capacity of the shops is six box-freight,
and six flat cars per day, and two passenger, and
one sleeping car per month. Twelve years ago,
the work of the company at this point, was all
done in a little wooden building 24 by 100 feet,
and with less men than there are now build-
ings or departments.

Last year a million and a half dollars was paid
out for labor in these shops alone, and 4,000 tons
of iron consumed. Some of the buildings, like
the roundhouse, are of brick. This has 29 pits
each 60 feet long, with a circumference of 600
feet. Some of the buildings have roofs or sides
of corrugated iron. Seven large under-ground
tanks, 1,600 gallons each, are used for oil and
2,000 gallons of coal oil, and 400 of sperm con-
sumed every month.

In connection with the shops, is a regularly
organized and well-equipped fire-brigade, and in
two minutes the water of two steam fire-engines
can be directed to any point in the buildings.

Soon a rolling mill will be erected, and upon
a location but lately pestilential. The whole



260



coast will be laid under further tribute to these
shops for the facilities of travel and commerce.

Just before entering the depot you will see
the Sacramento Eiver on the right.

The announcement of " Sacramento " will be
exceedingly welcome to every through pass-
enger, for it will leave but little more journeying
to be accomplished. The trains stop for break-
fast going west, and supper going east. The
price of each meal is seventy -five cents, or " six
fo'/V'but no better meals are served between
New York and Omaha. Trains stop twenty-five
minutes. The depot is the finest in California,
excepting that at Oakland wharf, and is worthy
of the road and State. It is four hundred and
sixteen feet long and seventy wide, and has
another adjoining, one hundred and sixty feet
long by thirty-five feet wide. It is largely of
iron and glass, and being open at the sides is
peculiarly adapted to the warm climate of the
region.

At this point passengers have choice of four
routes to San Francisco. (1) The oldest the
Sacramento Eiver on which a boat runs daily
leaving usually in the morning, but with irreg-
ular hours. It is not a popular route. (2) There
is the old Overland Route -via Stockton and
Livermore Pass and Niles. This route is 139. 67
miles long. Passengers for San Jose can save
fare by taking this route and changing cars at
Niles, and wUl reach San Jose at 4:50 p. M. A
ticket at San Francisco is good also to San Jose
by this route. For this route more particularly
see page (3) There is the route via Stock-

ton and Martinez avoiding the heavy grade of
the Livermore Pass but making the distance
151.19 miles. This is the same as route No. 2
as far as to Tracy Junction, and from Tracy it
is identical with the Overland Eoute of the
Southern Pacific. (4) The popular route is that
Overland train from Ogden, crossing the Sacra-
mento Eiver at Sacramento and running over
the California Pacific, the Northern Eailway and
the San Pablo and Tulare Railroad, all leased
and operated by the Central Pacific. By this
route the distance to San Francisco is only 89.79
miles.

Of course, the weary traveler will take this
last-named route, but before proceeding he may
cast his eye around Sacramento the capital of
California.

There are " free busses" to the Arcade, Golden
Eagb, Capitol, Grand or Orleans, all first-class,
comfortable and well patronized ; or the street-
cars will convey you near any one of these. The
" Western " is also a good and popular house.

The population of the city is about 25,000.
The streets are regularly laid out, and beginning
at the river or depot, with Front or First, are
numbered to Thirty-first, and the cross streets
aro lettered, beginning with A on the north side
of the city. The stores are chiefly of brick, and



residerices of wood. The broad streets are
shaded by trees of heavy foliage, the elm, wal-
nut, poplar and sycamore prevailing, and in sum-
mer are almost embowered by these walls of
verdure, that are ready to combat the spread of
fires. It is a city of beautiful homes. Lovely
cottages are surrounded by flowers, fruits and
vines, while some of the most elegant mansions
in the State are in the midst of grassy lawns or
gardens filled with the rarest flowers. The
orange, fig, lime and palm flourish, and the air is
often laden with nature's choice perfumes. It is
lighted with gas, and has water from the Sacra-
mento River, supplied by the Holly system. Two
million gallons are pumped up daily.

The climate is warm in summer, but the heat
is tempered by the sea breeze which ascends
the river, and the nights are always pleasantly
cool. Notwithstanding its swampy surroundings
and the luxuriance o its semi-tropical vegeta-
tion, statistics establish the fact that it is one of
the healthiest cities in the State.

Among the more prominent buildings are the-
Court-house, Odd Fellows', Masonic, Good Tem-
plars' and Pioneer Halls ; the Christian Brothers'
College, the Churches, Schools and the Capitol.
The grammar school building is a credit to the
educational structures of the State, and attracts
attention from visitors second only to the Capitol.

The Pioneers are an association of Califor-
nians who arrived prior to January, 1850. Their
hall has an antiquarian value especially in a
very accurate register of important events extend*
ing back to A. D. 1650. "Another association,
the Sons of the Pioneers, will become the heirs
of these valuable archives, and perpetuate the
association. The annual business of the city
exceeds twenty-seven midion dollars.

The State Capitol. This is the most
attractive object to visitors. It cost nearly
$2,500,000. It stands at the west and thrice ter-
raced end of a beautiful park of eight blocks,
extending from L to N street, and from Tenth
to Fourteenth street. Back of the Capitol, but
within the limits of the park and its beautiful
landscape gardening, are the State Printing
Office and the State Armory.

The main entrance to the Capitol is opposite
M street. The edifice was modeled after the
old Capitol at Washington and has the same
massiveness, combined with admirable propor-
tions, and rare architectural perfection and



Online LibraryFrederick E ShearerThe Pacific tourist : J.R. Bowman's illustrated trans-continental guide of travel, from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean ... : acomplete traveler's guide of the Union and Central Pacific Railroads ... → online text (page 41 of 61)