Frederick George Afflalo.

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Skrine, Rev. John H.
Stedman, Edmund C.
Stoddart, Charles W.
Street, Lilian
Sutclifife. Constance
Swinburne, Algernon C.
Symons, Arthur
Tarelli, Charles C.
Thomas, Margaret
Thompson, Francis (rf. Nov.,

1907)
Todhunter, John
Toynbee, William
Trench, Herbert
Tripp, Walter J. (fC. H.

CwToder)
Underdown, Emily (fNorley

Chester)
Waddington, Samuel
Waller, Bryan C.
Warren, T. Herbert
Watson, R. Marriott
Watson, William
Watts-Dunton, Theodore
Wenbam, Maj. F. M.
tWilUams, F. Harald (F. W.

Orde Ward)
Wilhams, James
Wingate, A. K. P.
Wood, Rev. W.
fWynne, C. Whitworth (C.

W. Cayzer)
Yeats, W. B.
Zangwill, Israel



Poetry— Devotional :

Brownhe, Rev. John
I Bennett, Lucy A.
Draper, William H.
Edwards, Rev. Basil



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PAKT I.]



INDEX OF AUTHORS



359



Pottiyx Dtf ottonal (am/tHMM^t-r-

HaU, Rev. WiUiam
Murray, Charlotte
Shipley. Orby

PoUlles:

Acland» Rt. Hon. A. Dyke
Anderson, Sir Robert
Amold-Forater, Hugh O.
Balfour^ Rt. Hon. Arthur
Beresf ord. Lord Charles
Buxton, Rt. Hon. Sydney
Cooke, Sir C Kinlock
Cosby, Dudley S. A,
Crofton. F. Blake
Curzon, Lord

Dickinson, Goldsworthy L.
Dilke, Sir Charles
Fordham, £. Mary
Gilder, Joseph B.
Gomme, George L.
Hammond, J. L. Le Breton
Harwood, George
Hurd, Percy A.
Kent, Qement B. R.
Lazarus, Henry
Ully, WiUiam S.
Lumow, John M.
Money, L. G. Chiozza
Prelooker, Jaakoff
Radclifie-Cooke, C. Wallwyn
Reid, Andrew
Richards, Henry C
Robbins, Alfred F.
Robertson, John M.
Rowntree, Joseph
Schooling, J. Holt
Shaw. G. Bernard
Spender, £. Harold
Spender, J. A,
Stead, W. T.
White, Arnold H.
Wilkinson, Henry S.
Wolf, Lucien

8el«Beo— Agrleiilf ore :

Card, Fred W.
Ferguson, Hon. John
Kenyon, Charles R.
Price, A. B.
Wallace, Robert H.



Seleneo— Anatomy ;

Cleland, John
Cunningham, Daniel John
Thomson, Arthur

Selenee— Anthropology :

Avebury, Lord
Beddoe, John
Clodd, Edward
Dawkins, Prof. W. Boyd
Hartland, Edwin S.
HutcMnson, Rev. Henry
Keane, A. H.
Knipe, Henry R.
Lumholtz, Dr. Carl
Marriott, H. P. Fitzgerald
Tylor, Edward B.

Seieneo— Astvonomy :

Ball, Sir Robert
Berry, Arthur
Brown, Prof. Ernest W.
Gibeme. Agnes
Gore, John E.
Huggins, Sir William
Lodcyer, Sir Norman
Lodge, Sir Oliver

Selenea — Biology :

Campbell, Henry I.
Foster, Ernest
Glenny, W. W.
Green, J. Reynolds
Miall, Louis C.
Vines, Sydney H.

Menea — Botany:

Bailey, Prof. L. H.
Baker, John Gilbert
Batson. H. M.
Bidie. George
Boulger, George S.
Clarke, Charles B.
Darwin, Francis
Green, J. Reynolds
Hemsley, W. Bottin^
Hulme, Frederick E.

iackson, B. Daydon
,arter, Clara E.



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360



THE LITERARY YEAR-BOOK [part U



Saxby, Argyll
Step, Edward
Ward, H. MarshaU

Menee— Chemistry :

Abney, Capt. Sir William
Attfield, John
Bedford,Maj. C. H.
Butterfield, W. J. Atkinson
Church, Arthur H.
Jekyll. Gertrude
Meldola, Raphael
Mitchell, C. Ainswocth
Phipson, Thomas Lamb
Roberts, Harry



Sdenee — EBglnMrfBg t

Ackermann, Alfred S. £.
Allanson-Winn, Rowland G.
Bale, Manfred P.
Bright, Charles
Cochrane, Robert
Cole. William H.
Hyne, Charles H, C. W.
Morgan, Benjamin H.

S«l«Beo— Sleetridty :
Armstrong, James T.
Ayrton, Mrs. Hertha
Ayrton, William £.
Caillard, Emma M.
Crookes, Sir William
Ewing, Tames A.
Kelvin, Lord
Lodge, Sir Oliver

Sdenee— GMgnphj :

Beazley, Charles Raymond
Keltie, John S.
Lyde, Lionel W.
Macldnder, Halford J.
Mockler-Ferryman, Lt-Col.

A.F.
Ravenstein, Ernest George
Simmons, Arthur T.
White, A. Silva



SeleiiM - ^GeograpIiy fHarf iM) :

Darwin, Prof. George
Murray, Sir John

Seleneo— Geology :

Avebury, Lord
Bonney, Canon Thomas
Cole, GrenviUe A. J.
Dawkins, Prof. W, Boyd
Geikie, Sir Archibald
Geikle, Prof. James
Huttoa, F. WoUaston
Juddy John W.
Martin, Edward A.
Seeley, Harry Govier
Sheppard, Thomas

Selenee — Hortleoltiire :

Wright. W. Page

Selenee — Hygiene :

Cameron, Sir Charles
Glaister, Prof. John
MUes, Eustace
ToUemache, David

Selenee-— Hygiene (Domeetfe) :

Dixon, Miss
Eastlake, C. L.
Glenn. Mary W.
Hill, Octavia
Hyland, Miss M. E. F.
Moulder, Priscilla E.

Selenee— KathemAtles :

Airy, Osmund
Bdl, W. W. R.
Berry, Arthur
Qarke, Sir George
Edwards, Joseph
Elliott, Edwin B.
Pearson, Karl
Pendlebury, Charles
Smith, Charles

Selenee— Medlelne :

Balfour, Andrew
Bastian, Henry C



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.»AHT L]



INDEX OF AUTHORS



3^



Bell, Joseph
Blackwell Elizabeth
Brown, Haydn
Carter, R. Brudenell
Collins, Sir William
Cooper, Sir Alfred
Critchett, Sir G. Anderson
Dalby, Sir William
Dickinson, W. Howshio
Far(]uharson, Robert, M.P.
Femer, David
Foster, Sir Walter, M.P.
Fowler, J. Kingston
Foxwell, Arthur, M.D.
Frankland, Mrs. Percy
Graves, Henry F. J.
Gresswell, George
Hamilton, David J.
Hazne, John F.
Huth. Alfred H.
Keith, George S., M.D.
Muir, Robert
Nordau, Max Simon
Rabagliati, Andrea C F.
Rentoul, Robert R.
Ridge, John J,
Robertson, W. Ford
Sprigge, S. Squire

Seienee — Metallurgy :

Brought Bennett H.
Foster, C. Le Neve
Gnmey. Rev. H. P.
Miers, Henry A.

MeiM»— Mttaphysies :

Case, Thomas
Pearson, Karl

Seienee— Meteorology :

Buchan, Alexander
Mill, Hugh R.

Seienee— natural EOitory:
Aflalo, Fredenck G.
Avebury, Lord
Beddard, fVaiik £.
Bryden, Henry A*
Carpenter, Prof. George



Selenee^llstafil Hliloii lfp%

tinued) —

Christy, Miller
Dixon, Charles
Ewart, J. d., M.D.
Fowler, W. Warde
Fry, Sir Edward
Gunther, Albert C. L. G.
Harmer, Sidney F.
Harting, James E.
Hickson, Prof. Sydney
Hudson, W. H.
Kearton, Richard
Kennedy, Wardlaw
King, Sir George
Lee, Rawdon B.
Leigfaton, Robert
Lydekker. Richard
Mcintosh, WilUam C
McNair, Maj. J. F. A.
Millais, John 6.
Morgan, C. Lloyd
fMortimer, Geofirey ^Galli^

Chan, Walter M.)
Newbigin, Marion
Newton, Alfred
tOwen, J. A. (Mrs. Visger)
Poulton, Edward B.
Roberts, William J.
Robinson, E. Kay
Shipley, Arthur E.
Stebbing, Rev. T. R. R.
Tegetmeier, William B.
Visger, Mrs. Jean A. Owen

(t J. A. Owen)
Wallace. Alfred R,
Ward, John J.
Webb, W. Mark
Wilson, Andrew
Windle, B. C. A.
Wood, Rev. Theodore

Seienee— Minings

Hurry, Jamieson B,
Moberley, Lucy G.
Morten, Honnor

Seienee— Physies :

Awdry„ Mrs.
Basset, Alfred B.



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3&



THE LITERARY YlEAR-BOOK [PAftT r.



telMi6«^Pl^iOS Icontinued)-^

Burbury, Samuel H.
Burke, John Butler
Whetham, W. C. Dampier

Selenee— Physiology :

Hill, Alexander
Halliburton, Prof. W.
Schafer, Edward Albert

Seieiiee— Psychology :

Baldwin, James M.
Goodrich-Freer, Adela
Hollander, Bernard
James, William
Ladd, Prof. George T.
Mitchell, Sir Arthur
Morgan, C. Lloyd
Stout, George
Sully, James

Seien«e - Toehnology :

Bale, Manfred P.
Hasluck, Paul N.
Magnus, Sir Philip

Soelallsm ;

Bax, Ernest B.
Blatchford. Robert
Dawson, William H.
Lane, Michael
Lazarus, Henry
Shaw, G. Bernard
Stirling, James H.
Webb. Sidney

Sociology:

Barnett. Mrs, H. O.

Bamett, Rev, Canon S. A.

Booth, Charles

Crawley, Alfred E.

Drage, Geoffrey

Du Cane, Major-Gen. Sir

Edmund
Dfiring, Mrs. Stella M.
Ellis, liavelock
Haddon, Alfred C.
Hawklsey, Mrs. W. C.
Hayler, Guy



HiU. Octavia
Hobson. John A.
Holland, Canon Scott
Hydman. Frederick A-
Janes, Emily
Jay, Rev. Arthur
Keeble, Rev. S. E.
Kidd. Benjamin
Kropotkin, Prince Peter
Leigh, John G.
Leigh, Leighton
Lisle, Arnold de
Marchant, Rev. James
Marriott, H. P. Fitzgerald
Mudie-Smith, Richard
Perryooste, Frank Hill
tPotter, Beatrice
Prelooker, Jaakoff
Radcliffe-Cooke, C. Wa\Jwyn
Robertson, John M.
Seal, Horace S.
Stead, W. T.
Vaile, P. A.
Vynne, Nora
Walker, Archibald S.
White, Arnold H.
Whitehouse, J. H.

Sport :

Adair. Sir Frederick
Aflalo, Frederick G.
Allanson-Winn, Rowland G.
Baden-Powell, Lieut-Gen.
Baden-Powell, Maj. B. K S.
BaiUie-Grohman. W. A.
fBickerdyke. John . (C H.

Cook)
Bryden, Henry A.
Buckell, a T. Teasdale
Buxton, Rt. Hon. Sydney
Cholmondeley - Penndl,

Henry
Dewar. G. A. B. .
Dunn, Archibald
Fothergill, George A.
Freeston, Charles L.
Gallichan. Walter M. (fGeof-

frey Mortimer)
Gallwey. Sir Ralph



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PART I.]



INDEX OF AUTHORS



363



Sport (continued)^

GUbey, Sir Walter. Bart.
Haggard, Lt-Col. Andrew
Horsfield. Herbert K
Hulme-Beaman. Ardem G.
Hutchinson, Horatio
Kenealy, £.
Leach, Henry

Macintyre, Maj.-Gen. Donald
Manson, James A.
Millais, John G.
Newnham-Davis. Lt.-Col. N.
Pease, Sir Alfred
Peel, C. V. A.
Senior, William
Sheringham, Hugh T.
Townshend, Richard B.
Toxer. Basil J.
Vaile, P. A.
Weekes, Charles

Statttttes:

Beddoe. John
Brassey, Lord
Dalton, Charles
Dalton, J. C.

TMttes— nntary:

Baden-Powell, Maj. B. F. S.
Baden-Powell, Lieut. -Gen.
Butler, Sir William
Clarke, Sir George
Dilke, Sir Charles
Durand, Col. Algernon
reeling, Capt. Bartle
Vincent, Sir Howard
Wilson, Herbert W.
Wolseley, Viscount
Wood, Gen. Sir Evelyn

Taefles— H«?al:

Brassey, Lord
Clarke, Sir George
Corbett, Julian S.
Dunraven, The Earl of
Eardley-Wilmot, Rear-Adm.

S. M.
Frenumtle, Adm. Hon. Sir

Edmund
Jane, Fred T.



Taetles— NaTal (cotuinusd)^
Laughton, Prof. J. Knox
Mahan, Capt. A. T.
Robinson, Charles N»
Wilson. Herbert W.

Theology :

Abbott, Rev. Edwin

Abbott, Lyman

Adderley, Hon. and Rev.

James
Addis, Rev. William
Adeney, Walter F.
Aitken, Rev. James
Aitken, Rev. Wm.
Alexander, Rev. Sidney A.
Allen, Rev. G. C.
Allen, Rev. Georse W.
Anderson, Sir Robert
Armagh, Archbishop of (W.

Alexander)
Askwith, Rev. Edward H.
Baring-Gould, Rev. S.
Barnard, Percy M.
Beeby, Charles E.
Beeching, Canon
Beet, Rev. Joseph A.
Bennett, Rev. W. H,
Benson, Rev. Robert H.
Bernard, Rev. John H.
Birmingham, Bishop of

(Charles Gore)
Bonney, Canon Thomas
Brookes, Clement A. G.
Bruce, Canon Robert
Burkitt, Francis C.
Burn, Rev. J. H.
Bussell, Frederick Wm.
Butler, Rev. Dugald
Caldecott, Rev. Alfred
Campbell, Rev. Reginald J.
Carlisle, Bishop of (John W.

Diggle)
Carus- Wilson, Mrs. A.
Cheyne, Canon T. K.
Clifford, Rev. John
Cobb, Rev. WiUiam F.
Cone, Orello
Conybeare, Frederick C
Cronin, Harry Stovell
Darlow, Rev. T. Herbert



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364



THE LITERARY YEAR-BOOK [part i.



Theology (cotUinued)-^
Davies, Thomas W.
Devine, Rev. Arthur
Dimock. Rev. Nathaniel
Dods, Rev. Marcus
Drummond, Rev. James
Dudden, F. Homes
Duff, Rev. Archibald
Durham, Bishop of (Kaadley

Moule)
Exeter, Bishop of "(A. Robert-
son)
Fairbairn, Rev. Andrew M.
Foakes- Jackson, Canon F. J.
Fremantle. Rev. Hon. W. H.
^ry. Sir Edward
Garvie, Rev. Alfred
Geikie, Rev. Cunningham
Gibson, Rev. 7. Monro
Gloucester, Bishop of (£. C.

Sumner Gibson)
Gould, Frederick J.
Gray, Rev. H. B.
Guinness, Rev. H. Grattan
Gwatkin, Prof. H. M.
Hawkins, Rev. Sir John
Hemphill, Rev. Samuel
Henson, Canon Hensley
Holland, Canon Scott
Hopps, Rev. J. P.
Horton. Rev. R. F.
Hutchings, Ven. William H.
Hutton. R. E.
Inge, Rev. W. R.
Johnson. Rev. John B.
Keeble, Rev. S. E.
Kelly. Rev. Bernard W.
Kirlqpatrick, Canon A. F.
Lansdell, Rev. Henry
Lock, Rev. Walter
Mackamess, Yen. C. C.
Mackintosh, Rev. Robert
Macleane, Rev. Douglas
Madeod, Very Rev. D.
McQyinont. Rev. James A.
Menzieft, Rev. AUan
MiUi|[aii, Rev. George
Moinet, Kiev. Charles
Mborhonse, Rt. Rev. James
Newbolt, Canon W. C. E,
^Cholson, £. W. B.



Thoology Iconiinusd) —
Orr, Rev, Tames
Oxford, Btsh<^ oi (Paget,

Dr. Francis)
Rashdall. Rev^ Hastings
Ripon, Bishop of (W. Boyd

Carpenter)
Roberts, Canon W. Page
Rutherford. Rev. W. Gunion
Salisbury, Bishop of (J.

W<M"dsworth)
Salmond, Rev. Principal

Stewart D. F.
Scott, Very Rev. A-
Sinclair, Yen. William M.
Southwark, Bishop of (E. S.

Talbot)
Stanton, Canon Vincent
Stone, Rev. Darwell
Swete. Henry B.
Voysey, Charles
Walker, Rev. W. L.
Watkins, Rev. H. W.
Whitehouse, Rev. Owen C.
tWiUiams, F. Harald (F. W.

Orde Ward)
Wilson, Canon J. M.
Winchester, Bishop of (H.

Ryle)

Theosophy ;

Besant, Mrs. Annie
Mead, G. R« S.

Topography :

Alford, Daniel P.
Anderson, Arthur H.
Anderson, J. Parker
Anderson, Peter J.
Antrobus, Lady
Astley, Rev. Kl J. D.
Badderley, M. J. B.
Bensusan, Samuel L.
Blyth. Canon T. A.
Bradley, Arthur G.
Christy, MUler
Climenson, Mrs. Emily J,
Conybeare, Rev. J. W.
Coolidge, William A. B.
Copinger, Walter A*



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PAW I.]



INDEX OF AUTHORS



365



Topograpfty Icominued^^
Crossmg^William
Dewar, G. A. B.
Ditchfield, Rev. Peter H.
Dutt. WUliam A.
Eyrc-Todd, George
Fea, Allan

Ferguson* Hon. John
Headlam, Cecil
Hntton. Edward
Igglesden, Chailei
Jerrold, Walter
Loftie, Rev. William
Mackie, J. Beveridge
Revn<4ds>Ball, Eustace B.
Roberts, William J.
Soper, H. Tapley
Tompkins, Herbert W.
Watson. W. G. W.
Whymper. Edward
Wood, Frances H.
Young, Norwood

Traets:

t Ackworth, John (Rev. F. R.

Smith)
Atkins, Frederick A.
Bennett, Lucy
Blake, Rev. J. M.
Bok, Edward W.
Bourdillon, Rev. Francis
Byrde, Richard A.
Canton, WUliam
Cobbold. Rev, George A.
Collinson, Joseph
Conway, Moncure D.
Crotch, W. Walter
Cullen, Rev. John
Dalton, Rev. Herbert A.
Davies, Rev. J. Llewelyn
Durham, Bishop of (Handley

Moule)
Gordon, Samuel
Hamilton, Rev. Thomas
Hawksley, Rev. William
Tackson, Rev. George
Terdan, Rev. Charles
Kelly, Rev. James D.
Kenworthy, John C.
Macleod, Very Rev. D.
Morgan, George E.



Traets (continued) —
Morgan, Richard C
Mudie-Smith, Richard
Mylne, Rt. Rev. Louis G.
RJdgeway, Preb. C. J.
Rogers, Rev. Edgar
Seal, Horace S.
Selby, Rev. Thomas G.
Snell, Rev. Btfnard J.
St<My, Very Rev. R, H.
Stubbs. James B.
Tulloch, Rev. W. W.
Watson, Mary (fTubalcain)

Travel:

Adair, Sir Frederick
Aflalo. Frederick G.
Atteridge, A. H.
Baillie-urohman, William A.
Batty, Mrs. Brsuthwaite
Becke, George L.
Bent, Mabel V. A.
Bigham, Captain Charles €.
Bindloss, Harold
Bullen, Frank T.
Cay;ley-Webster. Capt. H.
Cecil, Evelyn

Cunningham-Graham, Robert
De Windt, Harry
Dilke, Sir Charles
Durham. Marv E.
Evans, Patrick F.
Fitsgerald, Edward A.
Ford. Isaac N.
Eraser, John F.
Fredifidd. D. W.
Galton, Francis
Goodrich-Freer, Adela
Gordon-Cumming, Constance
Hogarth, David G.
Hyne, Charles J. C. W.
Tackson, Capt. F. G.
Johnston, Sir Harry
Landor. A. H. Savage
Lansdell, Rev. Henry
Little, Archibald
Little, Mrs. Archibald
Lynch, H. F. B.
Macgregor, Lieut. -Col. John
Macintyre. Maj.-Gen«
Donald



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366



THE LITERARY YEAR-BOOK [part i.



Travel {cotUinued) —

Markham, Adm. Sir Albert
Markham, Sir Clements
Meakin, Annette
Mockler-Ferryman, Lt.-Col.
Norman, Sir Henry [A. F.
Pease, Sir Alfred
Price, Julius M. .
Prichard, H. Hesketh
Roper, Edward
Selous. Frederick C.
Thomas, Margaret
Tozer, Basil J.
Tweedie. Mrs. Alec
Vaile, P. A.
Vincent, Lady Ethel
Warren, Gen. Sir Charles
Whymper, Edward
Wray, Reeinald (fW. B.
Home Gall)

Travel Talk :

Abbott, George F,

Betiiiam-Edwards, Matilda

Boyd, Mary S.

Clifford, Hugh

Cook, Theodore A.

Crawfurd, Oswald

Dearmer, Rev. Percy

De Lisle, Arold

Diosy, Arthur

Dufferin and Ava, The

Dowager Marchioness of
Edwardes, Charles
Fergusson, Rev. R. Menzies
Galton, Francis



Travel Talk {cotUinuedl^

Gibson, Rt. Rev. A. G. S.
Gordon-Cumming. Constance
Herbert of Lea, Lady
Hissey, James J.
Howell. George O.
Hudson, W. H.
Le Blond, Mrs. A.
Lewis, Mrs. Agnes
Lorimer, Narma
Lucas, Edward V.
Macquoid, Katharine S.
McLennan, William
Martin, Pfercy
Mathers, Edward P.
Menpes, Dorothy
Mitton. G. E.
Morley, George
tMortimer, Geoffrey (Galli*

Chan, Walter M.)
Muddock, J. E. Preston

(tDonovan, Dick)
Muirhead, James F.
Nevinson, H. W.
Norway. Arthur H.
Page, John Lloyd Warden
Palmer, William Thomas
Pennell, Joseph
Prichard, H. Hesketh
Reynolds-Ball, Eustace B.
Russell, Sir WiUiam
Teeling, Capt. Bartle
Thomas, Rev. Joseph L.
Vemey, Sir Edmund
Wilkinson, Rt. Rev. T. R.
Wood, Charles W.
Woolf, Bella S.



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PART II



CONTENTS

PAGE
LA.W AND LETTERS (SBE SPECIAL CONTENTS) ... 369
ROYALTY TABLES - - ' - - - - 4OO

AUTHORS, AGENTS, AND OTHER ASSISTANTS - - - 423

BRITISH AND FOREIGN PUBLISHERS .... 441

TOWN AND COUNTRY BOOKSELLERS . . <. - 495

PERIODICAL PUBLICATIONS - - - - '533

SOCIETIES - - - - - - - S83

LIBRARIES (see SPECIAL CONTENTS) .... 637

NOBEL PRIZES - - - - - - "775

PRINTERS, BINDERS, ETC. -' - - - - 78 1

TYPOGRAPHICAL TERMS, ETC. - - - - 791

gU^PLBKENT :

A CLASSIFIED LIST OF CHEAP RBFRXNTS - * - 8OI



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CONTENTS



I. LAW OF COPYRIGHT
HOME COPYRIGHT :

I. COPYRIGHT IN BOOKS
II. COPYRIGHT IN PRf^ATIC P^K3BB

III. COPYRIGHT IN MUSICAL COMPOSITIONS

IV. COPYRIGHT IN LECTURBS

V. COPYRIGHT IN ENGRAVINGS AND THB LIKB
VI. FINB ARTS COPYRIGHT
VII. COPYRIGHT IN SCULPTURES -

COLONIAL COPYRIGHT
INTERNATIONAL COPYRIGHT -
LAW REFORM



370
377
378
380
380
381
383

384
387
390



IL AUTHOR, PUBLISHER, AND AGENT

OBNBRAL CONSIDERATIONS .... ^3

THB AGBNCY CLAUSE -• - - - . 394

FOUR KINDS OF AGRBBMBNT - - . • 396

COMMISSIONING THB PUBUSHBR .... 396

SALS OF COPYRIGHT ..... ^qO

DIVISION OF PROFITS - ... ^x

ROYALTY AGRBBMBNT ..... ^o3

ADVANCB ON ROYALTIES - - • • • 403



III. MEMORANDUM OF AGREEMENT

PREAMBLE AND CLAUSES BXAMINBD ... 405

368



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LAW AND LETTERS

Wb begin with a sketch of the law of copjnight, including
the right of public representation of dramatic and musical
pieces. After dealing with the law as it is, with due regard
to the caaes decided since the last publication of the Year*
Book, we shall refer to the subject of law ref(Min, We
shall then discuss the relations of authors and publishers,
and shall conclude with a brief consideration of the usual
clauses in agreements ordinarily entered into between
author and pniblisher, explaining where necessary their use
and application.

I. LAW OF COPYRIGHT

It is convenient to deal separately with the law ex-
clusively regarding the United Kingdom or Home copy-
right, and with Colonial and International copyrights.

HOME COPYRIGHT

The heads under which the law treats the subject-matter
are as follows :

1. Books.

2. Dramatic pieces.

3. Musical compositions.

4. Lectures.

5. Engravings and other works of the same kind.

6. Fine arts, including paintings, drawings, and photo-
graphs.

7. Sculpture.

The law coiisists partly of common law principles, and
partly of statute law, which is contained in the provisions

369



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370 THE LITERARY YEAR-BOOK [part ii.

of the several Acts of Parliament, which are next stated in
order of date, with their titles, namely :

8 Geo. II., c. 13 — Engraving Copyright Act, 1734-

7 Geo. III., c. 38 — Engraving Copyright Act, 1766.

15 Geo. III., c. 53— Copyright Act, 1775.

17 Geo. III., c. 57 — Prints Copyright Act, 1777.

54 Geo. III., c. 56— Scnlptm^e Cop5night Act, 1814.

3 & 4 Wm, IV., c. 15— Dramatic Copyright Act, 1833.

5 & 6 Wm. IV., c. 65— Lectures Copyright Act, 1835.

6 & 7 Wm. IV., c. 59 — Prints and Engravings Copy-
right (Ireland) Act, 1836.

5 & 6 Vict., c. 45— Copyright Act, r842 (Books, Sob.\

15 & 16 Vict., c. 12 — International Copyright Act, 1852
(explanatory of the Prints and Engravings Copyright
Acts above).

25 & 26 Vict., c. 68— Fine Arts Copyright Act, 1862.

45 & 46 Vict., c. 40 — Copyright (Musical Compositions)
Act, 1882.

51 & 52 Vict., G. 17 — Copyright (Musical Compositions)
Act, 1888.

2 Edward' VII., c. 15— Musical (Sunmiary Proceed-
ings) Cop5night Act, 1902.

6 Edward VII., c. 36— Musical Copyright Act, 1906.

Unpublished Matter

As regards any of the above subject-matter which has
not been published, the author or owner has by the conunon
law an absolute right, so long as it remains unpublished,
to prevent the publication of any copy of it.

The communication to others in a limited way or on
the faith that there will not be publication, what may be
termed " private pubUcation," does not destroy such right.
For example, commimication by sending a letter, or by
deUvering an address to a limited audience, or commimica-
tion made to an employ6 in the course of his employment,
is not publication in the legal sense.

I. Copyright in Books

Generally

This copyright endures for the life of the author and
seven years after his death, or for forty-two years from



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PART II.] LAW AND LETTERS 371

the date of publication, whichever is the longer, and is
by the Copyright Act, 1842, declared to be the property
of the author and his assigns, but in the case of a book

J>ublished after the author's dieath, the cop3n:ight endures
or forty*two years from the date of first publication, and
is by the same Act declared to be the property of the
proprietor of the author's manuscript from which such
Dook shall be first published, and his assigns. The term
"book" tndudes every volume, part or division of a
volume, pamphlet, sheet of letterpress, sheet of music,
map, chart, or plan, separately published ; and under one
or other of these heads protection has been extended to—

Maps,

Newspapers,

Compilations of various kinds — d.g., directories and
catalogues, annotations of standard works, new editions
with substantial alterations and additions.

And even verbatim reports of speeches (see Walter v.
Lane, the case of the Times reports of Lord Rosebery's
speeches, decided by the House of Lords in 1900).

The recent case of MacmiUan v. Dent raised interesting
questions as to the right to publish posthumous letters.
The case was decided by Mr. Justice Kekewich in December,
1905, and his decision was upheld in the Court of Appeal
by Lord Justices Vaughan Williams, Moulton, and Buckley
on November 7, 1906. The letters in question were written
by Charles Lamb, and had not been published in, or prior
to, 1895, when the copyright therem was sold and the
actual letters lent by A. B., in whose possession they then
were, to Messrs Smith Elder, and Co., by whom a licence
to print them was granted to the plaintiffs. The letters
were subsequently published by the plaintiffs from copies
taken by them. Some years later the defendent bought
the actual letters from A. B., having been previously
informed by A. B. of the said assignment by him to the

Slaintifis of the copyright therein, and published the letters
:om the originals m an edition of Lamb's letters. The
plaintiffs, having registered themselves as proprietors of
the copyright, sued the defendant to restrain publication
of any book infringing their rights in the letters, and it



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372 THE LITERARY YEAR-BOOK [part ri.

was decided and upheld that they were the assigns of the
author's manuscript — ^that is, of tiie actual paper on which
the writing was and the writing upon it — and therefore
that the cops^right in the letters was the property of the
plaintiffs as such assigns, and that the right of publicatioii
was vested in them. A. B., having the letters rightfully
in his possession, was entitled to publish them himsdi^
or to hand them over to the plaintiffs for publication, and
to give them the right of publication, and having done
the last, A. B. had nothing remaining in him to pass to
anyone, except the right to the letters themselves, which
he had retained, and could part with — e,g., to a collector
of autographs, but without any right of publication.

EncydopiBdiaSy Periodicals, and other Proprieiary Works

As regards literary work composed for publication in
or as part of any encyclopaedia, review, magazine, periodical
work, or serial publication, by any persons employed to
compose the same on the terms that the copyrignt should
belong to the proprietor or publisher, after the work has
been paid for by such proprietor or publisher, the copy-
right m all such work becomes the property of the pro-
prietor or publisher, subject, however, to the following
qualification in the case of contributions to periodicals :
After twenty-eight years from first publication the right
of separate publication reverts to the author, and endures
for the remainder of the full term of copyright, and during
the twenty-eight years the publisher or proprietor may not
publish them separately without the consent, previously
obtained, of the author or his assigns (see Section i8 of
the Copjrright Act, 1842).

The contract between the contributing author and the



Online LibraryFrederick George AfflaloThe Literary year book → online text (page 38 of 83)