Frederick George Afflalo.

The Literary year book online

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fallen to pubhc librarians. It is more difficult, how-
ever, for the non-municipal librarian to obtain a post
in a public library or to return after he has once left the
public service.

In round figures, there are rather more than 600 places
in which the Libraries Acts have been adopted ; but in
a number of these nothing mdre has been done, and others
are not large enough to enter into the calculations of the



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656 THE LITERARY YEAR-BOOK [part il

trained librarian. The public libraries which ' count ' in
this respect may be estimated, therefore, at about 400,
and the total number of assistants at between 3,000 and
3,500. Including the non-municipal libraries, there are
probably some 4,000 throughout the country. A neces-
sarily arbitrary estimate gives the number worth con-
sidering at about 3,000, and the number of assistants at
about 20,000.

The information relating to the examinations and educa-
tion schemes of the Library Association given in the
following lines is taken from the last issue of the Library
Association Year-Book, to which reference should be
made for a detailed syllabus, and the Report, 1907, of the
Hon. Sec. of the Education Committee.

It has been decided by the Council of the Association
that the course of training shall involve study in Uterary
history, the elements of practical bibUography, classifica-
tion, cataloguing, library history, foundation and equip-
ment, and library routine, or practical administration.
The examinations are held in each subject, and a satis-
factory essay upon each subject, or some aspect of it, is
required. In addition, * practical experience of not less
than twenty-four hours a week for at least three years as
a member of the administrative staff of one or more
libraries approved by the Council of the Library Associa-
tion ' is necessary. It may be noted that where a candidate
desires to obtain a certificate for separate sections of the
examinations this clause does not apply.

Examinations are usually held in May each year, and
centres are arranged, as far as possible, to suit the con«
venience of candidates. Information as to the date of
the examinations may be obtained from the Hon. Sec.
of the Education Committee, but an advertisement is
usually inserted in the Athenaum some time previously.

To prevent the possibility of any misconception, the
regulations relating to the full certificate — or ' diploma,'
as it is usually termed — ^are given m full :

' Candidates for the full Certificate or Diploma of the
Library Association shall have passed the Examination in
each of the six sections, and, if required to do so, a further
oral test.



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PART II.] PUBLIC LIBRARIES 657

' £ax:h candidate shall be required to make application
to the Hon. Sec. of the Education Committee of the
Library Association asking to be granted the Diploma.

* The application must be accompanied by :

' I. A thesis showing original thought or research
on some subject within the scope of the
Syllabus, the subject being previously ap-
proved by the Coimcil.

' 2. Certificates showing that the candidate has
satisfied the Examiners in each of the sections
of the Examination.

' 3. A Certificate, approved by the Council, showing
that the candidate has worked for not less
than twenty-four hours a week for at least three
years as a member of the administrative staff
of one of more Libraries.

* 4. A Certificate, approved by the Council, showing
that the candidate possesses an elementary
knowledge of Latin and of one modern foreign
language.

' The Examiners appointed for that purpose shall ex-
amine the applications and accompan3dng documents,
and shall decide in each case whether it is necessary to
examine the candidate orally. After the Examination
they shall issue a list in alphabetical order, showing
who are qualified to receive the fuU Certificate or
Diploma.

. * Full Certificates or Diplomas, under the seal of the
library Association, shall be issued to successful can-
didates.

' Examinations for the full Certificate or Diploma shall
be held annually during the fiist week in May, or at such
other times as may be determined by the Council.

* Certificates awarded to candidates under the old
syllabus shall rank for the full Certificate or Diploma
equally with those granted under this revised one.'

It is scarcely necessary to define the * range ' of the
various subjects, with the exception of Section i, literary
history, and in that ' candidates will be required to show a
knowledge of the outlines of English Literature (including
American), especially of the period 1750 to the present day.



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658 THE LITERARY YEAR-BOOK [part ii.

A special period will be set each year, of which a more
detailed knowledge will be expected, including a first-
hand acquaintance with the more important books of the
time.'

To illustrate the crystallization of the examination as a
professional standard, it is only necessary to give the
figures of the candidates for the last three years :

1905 - - - - 51 candidates.

1906 - . - - g8 „

1907 - - - ■ 155

The methods of obtaining tuition are various, if not yet
so nimierous as could be desired. The most important,
without doubt, is the lectures at the London School of
Economics. The authorities of this department of the
London University intend to hold a course of twenty
lectures on Library Economy every year. And it is pro-
posed that a course of twenty lectures on Bibliography
and ten lectures on Classification and ten on Cataloguing
should be given every alternate year. And, in addition,
it is now proposed to revive the Summer School, formerly
somewhat in the nature of peripatetic hohday lectures, in
a greatly improved form. Summer Schook have also
been held by the North- West Branch and the Birmingham
and District Branch of the Association.

The University of Leeds and the Armstroag College at
Newcastle, which is a department of the University of
Durham, have consented to provide classes at once, if
sufiicient students are willing to attend. King's College,
London, has agreed to admit our students to the lectures
on Literary History at a reduced fee, and is willing to adapt
the courses to the needs of library students. At Mafi-
chester the School of Technology has been running dasses '
in Librarianship for some time, and throws these open to
assistants in the neighboudiood at a moderate fee. At
Edinburgh, Liverpool, and Shefl&eld, also, there is good
hope that something will be done ; but at the other places
the appeal is stiH under consideration.

In addition to these fixed centres, correspondence dasses
are arranged, generally during the winter. Details of
these may be obtained from the Hon. Sec. of the Education
Committee.



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PUBLIC READING-ROOMS OPENING ON SUNDAY



Accrington
♦Acton

Balbriggan

Barrow-in-Fumess

Battersea (London)

Bingham

Birmingham

Bradford

Brighton

Bury
♦Camberwell (London)

Campbeltown

Canning Town (West Ham)

Colchester
*Cork

Darlington

Dewsbury

Doncaster

Dublin

Dulwich (Camberwell)

Dundalk

Dimdee
♦Finsbury (London)

Fulham (London)

Gateshead

Govan
♦Gravesend

Greenwich

Hammersmith (London)

Hawick

Huddersiield



♦Kingston-upon-Thames

Lambeth

Leamington Spa (Royal)

Leicester

Lincoln

Manchester

Mansfield

Middlesbrough

Newcastle-upon-Tyne

Nunhead (Camberwell)

Oldham

Paddington (London)

Plaistow (West Ham)

Preston

Rochdale

St. Helens

Salford

Sheffield

Sligo

Southwark (London)

Stratford (West Ham)

Streatham, Balham, and
Tooting (London)

Walsall

Walthamstow
*Watford
♦Westminster

Whitechapel (London)

Wigan

Wimbledon



♦ Opening part of the year only.
6S9



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PUBLIC READING-ROOMS OPENING ON PUBLIC
HOLIDAYS

Public Holidays do not necessarily include Christmas Day
and Good Friday.



Accrington

Arbroath

Ashby

Barrow-in-Fumess

Battersea (London)

Belfast

Bingham

Birmingham

Bolton Percy

Bradford

Brighton

Bury

Cambridge

Chester

Colchester

Cork

Cwmbran

Darwen

Dewsbury

Doncaster

Dublin

Dulwich (CamberweU)

Dundee

Ealing

Eastbourne

Folkestone

Fulham (London)

Govan

Gravesend



Greenock
Grimsby
Hanley
Harrogate
Hartlepool, West
Hawick
Hereford
Hounslow
Hove

Huddersfield
Huntley
Hyde
Ilkeston
Ipswich
Kettering
Kilmarnock
Leamington Spa
Leicester
Lewes
Liskeard
Llanelly
Lockerbie
Loughborough
Maidenhead
Manchester
I Middlesbrough
Morley
Motherwell
Moreton Hampstead
660



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PART II.]



PUBLIC LIBRARIES



66i



Nelson

Newark-on-Trent

Newbury

Newmilns

Northwich

Paddington (London)

Preston

Reading

Richmond

Rochdale

Rugby •

St. Helens

Sevenoaks

Sligo



Southwark (London)

Stoke Newington (London)

Stratford-on-Avon

Todxnorden

Walsall

Warwick

Watford

Wednesbury

Weston-super-Mare

Wimbledon

Wick

Wolverhampton

Workington

York



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PUBLIC LIBRARIES IN WHICH BETTING NEWS
IS OBLITERATED FROM NEWSPAPERS



Accrington

Balbriggan

Barry Dock

Battersea (London)

Belfast

Bermondsey (London)

BirkdaU

Buxton

Camberwell (London)

Canning Town (West Ham)

Chatham

Cork

Crieff

Devonport

Eccles

Finsbury (London)

Fulham (London)

Gainsborough

Gateshead

Goole

Leicester

Liverpool

Long Eaton

Luton



Maidenhead

Mansfield

Middlesbrough

Morley

Newark-on-Trent

Newport

Nunhead (Camberwell)

Plaistow (West Ham)

Poplar (London)

St. Helens

St. Pancras (London)

Salisbury

Shoreditch (London)

Sligo

Southend-on-Sea

Southwark (London)

Stratford (West Ham)

Tottenham

Walthamstow

Watford

Willenhall

Wimbledon

Wolverhampton

Workington



662



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PUBLIC LIBRARIES PUBLISHING BULLETIN OR
PERIODICAL

Those libraries which have arranged to purchase the
Readers* Review are included in the foUowing Ust :



Accrington

Ashton-in-Makerfield

Ashton-under-Lyne

Astley Cheetham

Aston Manor

Bermondsey (London)

Blackburn

Bournemouth

Bradford

Brighton

Broinley (Kent)

Bury

Canning Town

Cardiff

Chorley

Clitheroe..

Croydon

Darwen

Dumfries and Maxwelltown

Ewart
Dunfermline
Eastbourne
Erdington
Fiusbury (London)
Folkestone
Fulham (London)
Gainsborough
Halifax
Hampstead
Hanley



Harlesden

Holbom (London)

Hove

Keighley

Kensal Rise

Kilbum

Kingston-upon-Thames

Lancaster

Leigh

Leyton

Lincoln

Lockerbie

Manchester

Middlesbrough

Millom

Nottingham

Peterborough

Poplar (London)

Putney (London)

St. Anne's-on-the-Sea

Southport

Southwark (London)

Stepney (London)

Streatham, Balham, and

Tooting (London)
Sunderland
Walthamstow
Warrington
Waiesdcn Green
Wimbledon



663



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SYSTEMS OF CLASSIFICATION IN USE IN EITHER
LENDING OR REFERENCE LIBRARIES, OR
BOTH

Dewey Dedmal ClassUcatioii.

Aberdeen, Altrincham, Ashton - in - Makerfidd, Aston
Manor, Atherton, Barrow-in-Furness, Batley, Battersea,
Belfast, Beverley, Bingley, Birkdale, Birkenhead, Bir-
mingham, Bolton, Bradford, Brighton, Bromley (Kent),
Bury, Camberwell, Cheshunt, Chiswick, Chorley, Cork,
Dublin (College of Science), Dumfries, Dunfermline,
Edinburgh, Edmburgh (Signets'), Erdington, Erith, Exeter,
Fenton, Folkestone, Fulham, Gainsborough, Glasgow,
Gloucester, Goole, Govan, Great Crosby, Greenock, Grimsby,
Halifax, Hammersmith, Handsworth, Harrogate, Hindley,
Holbom, Hounslow, Hove, Huddersfield, Hyde, IpsA^ach,
Kendal, Kidderminster, King's Lynn, Lambeth, Leeds,
Leicester, Leyton, Loughborough, Maidenhead, Manchester,
Manchester (Literary and Philosophical), Manchester
(University Museum), Manchester (Victona University),
Middlesbrough, Motherwell, Newcastle-upon-Tsme, New-
castle-upon-Tyne (Literary and Philosophical), Nottingham,
Old Trafford, Oldham, Oxford, Paddington, Penge, Perth,
Peterborough, Rochdale, St. Helens, St Pancras, Salford,
Shefl5eld (University), Shipley, South Shields, Southend,
Southward, Stepney, Stoke Newington, Stratford-on-Avon.
Simderland, Todmorden, Tottenham, Tynemouth, Wake-
field, Walthamstow, Warrington, Waterloo-with-Seaforth,
Watford, Westminster, Wimbledon, Workington, Yar-
mouth, York.

Gutter Expansive Classification.

Bootle, Chelmsford, Manchester (University Museum),
Oadby.

664



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PART II.] PUBLIC LIBRARIES 665

Adjustable Classifleation.

Accrington, Acton, Ashton - under - Lyne, Blackpool,
Bolton, Brighouse, Campbeltown, Chatham, Colne, Darwen,
Dumbarton, Eccles, Elgin, Englefield Green (Royal Hollo-
way College), Finsbury, Gosport, Gravesend, Grays, Great
Harwood, Homsey, Ilkeston, Kettering, Kidderminster,
Kingston-upon-Thames, Leeds, Leicester, Leyton, Minet
(CamberweU), Montrose, Newton Abbot, Northwich, Ponte-
fract, Plaistow (West Ham), Poplar, Rawtenstall, Sheffield,
Southall-Norwood, Southport, Stepney, Stomoway, Ted-
dington, West Bromwich, West Calder, Widnes, Worcester.

Subject Classifleation.

Ayr, Blackpool, Bournemouth, Brentford, Bury, Can-
ning Town (West Ham), Colchester, Cratfield, Fraser-
burgh, Gravesend, Hackney, Hanwell, Islington, Kettering,
Kirkcaldy, Lewisham, Long Eaton, Longton, Middles-
brough, Penzance, Reading, Rushden, Stamford, Twicken-
ham, Wood Green.



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METHODS OF ISSUING AND CHARGING IN
LENDING LIBRARIES

Indicator for all Stock (Lending Library).

Aberdeen, Airdrie, Alloa, Altrincham, Arbroath, Ashby.
Ashton - in - Makerfield, Aston Manor, Ajrr, Bamsley
(Hervey Institute), Barrow-in-Furness, Barry, Batley,
Battersea, Belfast, Bermondsey, Beverley, Bexley, Bingley,
Birmingham, Blackburn, Bodmin, Bolton, Bootle, Bridg-
water, Briton Ferry, Burnley (Mechanics' Institute),
Burton-on-Trent, Bury, Buxton, Camberwell, Canning
Town (West Ham), Canterbury, Cardiff, Carlisle, Chatham,
Cheltenham, Chester, Chesterfield, Chorley, Cirencester,
Clitheroe, Coatbridge, Colne, Cork, Crieff, Darlington,
Deptford, Derby (Midland Institute), Devonport, Dews-
bury, Doncaster, Dulwich (Camberwell), Dumbarton,
Dumfries, Dundee, Dunfermline, Ealing, Eastbourne, Edin-
burgh, Elgin, Enfield, Erith, Fochabers, Folkestone, Forfar,
Fraserburgh, Gainsborough, Goole, Gosport, Grangemouth,
Gravesend, Greenock, Grimsby, Guernsey, Hanwell, Harles-
den, Harrogate, Hartlepool, Hartlepool West, Hawick,
Hebden Bridge (Co-operative), Hindley, Hounslow, Huck-
nall Torkard, Hull, Hyde, Ilkeston, Keighley, Kelso,
Kendal, Kensal Rise, Kidderminster, Kilbum, Kilmarnock,
Kinross, Kirkcaldy, Kirkwall, Lambeth, Lancaster, Lan-
^ caster (Co-operative), Larbert, Leamington Spa, Leeds,
fieifiigh, Leyton, Lincoln, Liskeard, Llanelly, Littlehampton,
Watfdi®'"^^®* Long Eaton, Loughborough, Luton, Mansfield,
mouth ^trough, Minet (Camberwell), Millom, Moreton
"^ad, Morley, Motherwell, Newark-on-Trent, Nelson,
Newport, Normanton, Newtown, Northwich,
^"aberwell), Oldham (Equitable Co-operative),
Bootle, Chelmsfion, Penge, Perth, Peterborough, Plaistow
Oadby. nouth, Pontefract, Poole, Putney, Read-

nd, Rochester, Rugby, St. Helens,
666



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PART n.] PUBLIC LIBRARIES 667

St. Pancras, Salisbury, Sevenoaks, Sheffield, Shoreditch,
Southall-Norwood, Southend, Southwick, Sowerby Bridge,
Shrewsbury, Stamford, Stirling, Stoke Newington, Stomo-
way, Stratford (West Ham), Stratford-on-Avon, Streat-
ham, Swansea, Taunton, Thome, Tipton, Todmorden,
Tottenham, Tynemouth, Wandsworth, Watford, Wednes-
bury. West Bromwich, West Calder, Westminster, Weston-
super-Mare, Whitehavai, Wigan, Wick, Willenhall, Willes-
den Green, Wimbledon, Wolverhampton, Wombwell,
Woolwich, Workington, Worthing, Wrexham, Yarmouth,
York.

Indieator for Fiction only.

Atherton, Birkenhead, Bolton, Brighton, Campbeltown,
Cheshunt, Chorley, Colchester, Erdington, Fulham, Gates-
head, Glasgow, Greenwich, Hammersmith, Hereford, Hert-
ford, Holbom, Ipswich, Leicester, Lewisham, Newcastle-
upon-Tyne, Oldham, Portsmouth, Runcorn, St. Albans,
South Shields, Southend, Southport, Stepney, Stockport,
Sunderland, Wakefield, Walsall, Walthamstow.

Ledger Charging.

Balbriggan, Bideford, Birkenhead, Birmingham, Bolton
(at branches), Cambridge, Chichester, Chorley, Colchester,
Corwen, Cromarty, Dalton-in-Fumess, Denton, Dublin,
Dublin (College of Science), Dumbarton, Dundalk, Edin-
burgh (Philosophical Institute), Edinburgh (Signets'),
Evesham, Great Harwood, Huntley, India Office (London),
King's Norton, Lancaster, Leek, Manchester, Newmilns.
Newport, Old Trafiord, Ossett, Paddington (Free), Preston,
Rochdale, Saffron WaJden (Literary and Scientific Insti-
tute), St. Albans, Salford, Shrewsbury, Stalybridge,
Thurso, Wishaw.

Card Charging.

Accrington, Acton, Ashton-under-Lyne, *Aston Manor,
Atherton, Battersea, Belfast, Belfast (Linen Hall), Bexley,
Birkdale, *Birkenhead, Birmingham, Blackpool, Bolton,
Bournemouth, Bradford, Bradford (Mechanics' Institute),

♦ At branches only.

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668 THE LITERARY YEAR-BOOK [part ii.

Brighouse, Brighton, Bromley (Kent), Burnley (Mechanics'
Institute), *Bury, Bury (District Co-operative), Campbel-
town, ♦Cardiff, Chelmsford, Cheshunt, Chester, Claydon
Middle, Colchester, Cohie, Cork, Corstorphine, Crompton,
Croydon, Darwen, Derby, *Devonport, Dukinfield, East-
bourne, Erdington, Erith, Exeter, Finsbury, Fulham,
Gateshead, Gla^ow, Gloucester, Great Crosby, Greenwich,
Grimsby, Halifax, Hammersmith, Hanley, Harrogate,
Hereford, Holbom, Homsey, Hove, Huddersfield, Ipswich,
Islington, Kettering, King's Lynn, Kingston-upon-Thames,
Knutsford, Lancaster, Leeds, Lewisham, Leyton, Liver-
pool, Liverpool (Lyceum), Longton, Luton, Maidenhead,
Manchester, Manchester (Athenanim), Manchester (Medical
Society), Melton Mowbray, Middlesbrough, Minet (Camber-
well), Montrose, National Lending Library for the Blind
(London) , Newcastle - upon -T5aie, Newcastle - upon -Tjme
(Literary and Philosophical), Newton Abbot, Oadby,
Oldham, Penzance, Plymouth, *Poole, Rawtenstall, Roch-
dale, Runcorn, Rushden, St. Annes-on-the-Sea, Sale and
Ashton-on-Mersey, South Shields, Southwark, Stepney,
Stourbridge, Stratford-on-Avon, Sunderland, Teddington,
Twickenham, Wakefield, Walthamstow, Warrington,
Waterloo-with-Seaforth, Watford, Westminster, Womb-
well, *Woolwich, Worcester.

♦ At branches only.



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OPENACCESS LIBRARIES

Safeguarded Open Access (Lending Libraries only).

♦Aberdeen, Aberystwyth, Accrington, Ashton-under-
Lyne, Ayr, Belfast (Linen Hall), *Bingham, Birkdale,
Blackpool, Bournemouth, Branksome, Brighouse, Brighton,
Bromley (Kent), fCardiff, Caversham, Chelmsford, ♦Col-
chester, Croydon, Darwen, *Doncaster, ♦Dudley, Erding-
ton, Exeter, Fulham, Finsbury, Glasgow (University),
Gloucester, ♦Gravesend, Grays, Halifax, fHampstead,
Hartlepool West, Homsey, Hove, Huddersfield, Himtly,
Islington, Kettering, King's Lynn, Kingston-upon-Thames,
fLambeth, Maidenhead, Malvern, ♦Manchester, Man-
chester (University Museum), Manchester (Victoria Univer-
sity), Melton Mowbray, Montrose, Neston, Northampton,
♦Northwich, Oadby, Oldham (Equitable Co-operative),
Perth (Society of Natural Saence), Poole, Radclifife,
Rawtenstall, Reading, Rothwell, Rushden, Saffron Walden
(Literary and Scientific Society), St. Anne's-on-the-Sea,
Shipley, ♦Southend, ♦Southport, ♦Southwark, Stourbridge,
Sunderland, Swadlincote, Teddington, Tipton, Torquay,
Twickenham, Wallasey, ♦Warrington, Widnes, Wigan,
Wishaw, Wood Green, jWoolwich, Worcester.

Non-Safeguarded Open Aecess.

Balbriggan, Chichester (Institute), Claydon Middle, Clay-
don Steeple, Eccles, Englefield ween (Royal HoUoway
CoU^e), Grays, Institute of Electrical Engineers (London),
Law Society (London), Liverpool (Lyceum), Manchester
(Literary and Philosophical), Manchester (Medical Society),
Newcastle-upon-T5me (Literary and Philosophical), Royal
Historical Society (London), Royal Medical Society
(London), St. Albans, Sheffield (University), University
College (London).

* Partial only. t At branches only.

669



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THE LIBRARY ASSOCIATION

The Library Association was founded in 1877 21s the
Library Association of the United Kingdom, and incor-
porated as ' The Library Association ' by royal charter
in 1898.

Amongst other work for the good of the library move-
ment, the objects of the Association include the promotion
of the better administration of libraries ; of the adoption
of the Public Libraries Acts ; of the union of all persons
engaged or interested in library work by holding con-
ferences and meetings for the discussion of bibliographical
questions and matters affecting libraries or their regulation
or management, or otherwise ; the oversight and promotion
of legislation ; and examinations in librarianship, and the
issue of certificates. In connection with the last the
Association has instituted classes and examinations, and
the efforts of the Education Committee are meeting with
the greatest success.

Monthly meetings are held throughout the session from
November to June, and a GeneraJ Meeting takes place
annually, usually at the end of August or at the beginning
of September.

The Library Association Record, a monthly magazine, is
the ofl&cial organ of the Association, and among many useful
and important publications issued by the Association is the
Class List of Best Books.

The Association is watching over the whole question
of the improvement of book production, and the Sound
Leather Committee published a valuable report on leather
for bookbinding in 1905. Already many leather manu-
facturers have risen to lie occasion and produced leathers
of the necessary standard. President, 1907-1908 : Francis
T. Barrett, City Librarian, Glasgow. Hon. Treasurer:
Henry R. Tedder, F.S.A., The Athenaeum, Pall Mall, s.w.

670



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PART II.] PUBLIC LIBRARIES 671

Hon, Solicitor : H. W. Fovargue, Town Hall, Eastbourne.
Hon. Secretary : L. Stanley Jast, Public Library, Town
Hall, Croydon. Assist. Secretary : Mrs. Reilly, Whitcomb
House, Whitcomb Street, s.w. Offices : Whitcomb House,
Whitcomb Street, Pall Mall East, s.w. Monthly meetings
are held at 20, Hanover Square, W.

Library Assoeiatlon Branehes.

There are several district Library Associations more or
less closely connected with the Library Association. The
following is a list of these branch and district associations,
with their principal officers :

North-Western Branch of the Library Association.—
President: Councillor T. C. Abbott (Manchester). Vice-
Presidents : Messrs. Peter Cowell (Liverpool) and
C. W. Sutton, M.A. (Manchester). Hon. Secretary:
Mr. Edward McKnight (Chorley).

Bristol and Western District Branch of the Library
Association. — President : Mr. Councillor T. Sturge Cotte-
KELL, J. P. (Bath). Vice-Presidents are the chief librarians
of the districts represented. Hon. Secretary : Mr. L. Ac-
land Taylor (Bristol).

Birmingham and District Library AssoelsiioTL— President :
Mr. Thomas Duckworth (Worcester). Vice-President:
Mr. Walter Powell (Birmingham). Hon. Secretary:
Mr. Robert K. Dent (Aston Manor).

Worth Midland Library Association.— Pr^sit^^n/ .* Mr.
J. T. Radford, F.R.Hist.S. (Nottingham). Vice-Presi-
dent : Mr. W. Crowther (Derby). Hon. Secretary :
Mr. J. Potter Briscoe, F.R.S.L. (Nottingham).

Worthern Counties Library Association. — President :
Mr. Baker Hudson (Middlesbrough). Vice-Presidents:
Messrs. B. Anderton, B.A. (Newcastle-upon-Tyne) ;
Alderman L. H. Armour, J.P. (Gateshead) ; A. H. Fur-
nish (York) ; I. W. Hand, F.R.Hist.S. (Leeds) ; B. R. Hill
(Newcastle-upon-Tyne) ; Butler Wood (Bradford). Hon.
Secretary : Mr. H. E. Johnston (Gateshead).



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THE LIBRARY ASSISTANTS' ASSOCIATION

The Library Assistants' Association was founded in
^895 l>y 21 few prominent London library assistants, who
realized that, in order to organize the growing profession
of librarianship, and to procure adequate professional
education, some such society was necessary. It differs
from the Library Association in being a purely professional
body, admitting as members only persons under the rank
of chief librarian who are actually engaged in the adminis-
tration of libraries. It works in consonance with all
existing library societies, but is not aiBliated to any of
them. The Association is controlled by a chairman,
hon. treasurer, and hon. secretary, and a committee of
ten London and ten non-London representatives, who are



Online LibraryFrederick George AfflaloThe Literary year book → online text (page 67 of 83)