Frederick T. (Frederick Theodore) Frelinghuysen.

Obsequies of Abraham Lincoln, in Newark, N. J., April 19, 1865 : oration online

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Online LibraryFrederick T. (Frederick Theodore) FrelinghuysenObsequies of Abraham Lincoln, in Newark, N. J., April 19, 1865 : oration → online text (page 1 of 2)
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Newark, N. J,, April 19, 1865.









Newark, N. J., April 19, 1865.






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The Institute of Museum and Library Services through an Indiana State Library LSTA Grant

Newark, N. J., April 23d, 1865.
Hon. F. T. Frelinghuysen —
Dear Sir:
In pursuance of a resolution adopted by the citizens of Newark, assembled
on the 19th instant to commemorate the obsequies of the late President of
the United States, we respectfully ask that you will furnish for publication
a copy of the eloquent and appropriate address delivered by you on that
occasion. We trust that you will kindly comply with this request, in order
that the proceedings of an occasion so marked and solemn may be put in
form for preservation.

In behalf of the Committee of Arrangements, we are
Very truly yours,

MARCUS L. WARD, Chairman.
A. Q. KEASBEY, Secretary.

Newark, April 24th, 1865.
Gentlemen :

In compliance with the request of our fellow-citizens, so kindly communi-
cated by you, I transmit for publication my hastily prepared address on the
occasion of the funeral obsequies of our lamented President.

Yours truly,

To Messrs. Marcus L. Ward, Chairman, and A. Q. Keasbey, Sec'y.


On Monday, April 17, a public meeting was held at Library Hall,
to make arrangements for obsequies in commemoration of Abraham
Lincoln, late President of the United States, whose death by the
hand of an assassin took place on Saturday, April 15. William A.
Whitehead, Esq., was appointed Chairman of the meeting, and
John Y. Foster, Esq., Secretary.

The following gentlemen were appointed a committee with full
power to make arrangements for suitable ceremonies :
Marcus L. Ward, Albert Beach,

Silas Merchant, James L. Hays,

Daniel Haines, Daniel Lauck,

Orson Wilson, A. Q. Keasbey,

B. Prieth, Francis Mackin,

George A. Halsey, William A. Whitehead,

Moses Bigelow, William E. Sturges,

John H. Kase, Francis Brill,

Theodore Runyon, John Y. Foster,

Thomas T. Kinney, John C. Littell,

Dr. F. Ill, Thomas R. Williams,

Christopher Wiedenmeyer, James M. Smith,
Dr. J. A. Cross, David Anderson,

Wm. B. Guild, Jr., James Rowe,

The following gentlemen were appointed a committee to prepare
resolutions to be read at the celebration :

Rev. E. M. Levy, Dr. S. H. Pennington,

C L. C. Gifford, A. Q. Keasbey,

Rev. George H. Doane.
The Committee of Arrangements announced on the following day
that they had determined upon a funeral procession, and an oration,
to take place on Wednesday, April 19, simultaneously with the
funeral services at Washington, and requested the city authorities,
the various public bodies and associations, and the citizens generally,

to participate, Federal salute to be fired at sunrise, and all business
to be suspended throughout the city.

On Wednesday, April 19, the day devoted to the celebration of
the obsequies in pursuance of the foregoing arrangements, the whole
city was literally in mourning. Business was everywhere suspended,
and a deep solemnity and stillness rested upon the crowded streets.
The tokens of sorrow were universally displayed upon public and
private buildings.

Upon the tolling of the bells, at noon, the people assembled in
their various churches, in accordance with the Governor's proclama-
tion, where religious services suitable to the solemn occasion were
held and appropriate addresses made.

At 2 P. M., the procession moved from the corner of Broad and
Market streets, through Market to Washington, down Washington
to Broad, up Broad to Washington Place, through Washington Place
to Washington street, up Washington street to Broad, down Broad
to Centre street, and thence to Military Park.

The following was the order of the procession :

Detachment of Police.
Major William W. Morris, Grand Marshal and Aids.
Military Escort.
First National Guard and Rifle Corps.
Officers of the Army and Navy.
Invalid Soldiers.
Officers and Soldiers of the Army out of service.
Pall Bearers. . Pall Bearers.

Marcus L. Ward, W Samuel P. Smith,

William A. Whitehead, jB John A. Boppe,

James M. Quinby, (h Dr. Fridolin III,

William A. Myer, ^ Cornelius Walsh,

Thomas B. Peddie, m Moses T. Baker,

Beach Vanderpool, m Frederick Wuesthoff.

Joseph Ward, "

Veteran Reserve Corps as Guard of Honor.



Government and State Officers.

Mayor and Common Council.



Fire Department.

Masonic Order, under William D. Kinney, Marshal.

Odd Fellows, under Amos H. Searfoss, Marshal.

William S. Whitehead, Grand Master State of New Jersey.

Newark Mutual Aid Association.

Protestant Association.

German Organizations — Philip Somer, Marshal.

Social Turners — William Knecht.

Aurora, Eintracht, Liederkranz, Arion, Concordia and Teutonia Singing

Societies — J. P. Huber.

Fickler Lodge, Benevolent Society — G. Benkert.

Humbolt " " " — J- Gemeinder.

Muehlenberg and Robert Blum Lodges, Benevolent Societies — C. Miller.

Washington, Lafayette and Jefferson Lodges, Benevolent Societies — Chas. Fargel

No Surrender Lodge, Benevolent Society — Chas. Seifert.

Mandas Stamm, Red Men Society — John Lingsman.

Mamakaus Stamm, Red Men Society — F. Hause.

Miamies, Ratuca and Union Stamms, Red Men Societies — G. Stetenfeld.

Robert Blum Association and Benevolent Society No. i — J. Beisinger.

Mendelssohn and Teutonia Benevolent Societies — I. Lehman.

Shoemakers' and Bakers' Associations, Friendship Club and Newark

Benevolent Association — Schaefer.

Clinton Township L. & J. Club.

Newark Young Men's Literary Society.

Trade Associations.

Hibernian Provident Benevolent Society.

Shamrock Benevolent Society.

Erina Benevolent Society.

Laborers' Benevolent Society.

Emerald Benevolent Society.

St. James' Benevolent Society.

St. Joseph's Benevolent Society.

St. Peter's Benevolent Society.

St. Patrick's Temperance Society.

Young Men's Roman Catholic Association.

Second Division of St. Patrick's Temperance Society.

Citizens generally.

The Marshals.

Bells were tolled and minute guns fired during the march of the
procession, which occupied an hour in passing a given point, and
arrived at the Park at 4^2 P. M. At that place an immense
assemblage had gathered. Marcus L. Ward, Esq., took the chair,
and the exercises were opened with a dirge by Dodworth's Band,
followed by a hymn from the German Singing Society, which was
sung with much feeling and expression. The Rev. Mr. Levy, Chair-
man of the Committee on Resolutions, then offered the following,
which were adopted :

The citizens of Newark, assembled en masse beneath the shadow of a great
sorrow, would express in befitting words their sentiments and feelings in
view of the recent striking down of the honored head of the Nation by the
hands of murderous violence.

Resolved, That we feel the utter inadequacy of language to measure our
astonishment and horror at the daring enormity of the crime committed.

Resolved, That in the presence of this awful dispensation of Providence,
it becomes us, the citizens of Newark here assembled, in common with our
fellow countrymen throughout the Union, to bow with humble submission
under the rod that has smitten us, and with penitence and confession of_ our
national and personal sins to implore God's mercy upon us and our afflicted

Resolved, That the virtues of Abraham Lincoln speak trumpet-tongued
against the execrable deed that has cut short his useful life and deprived the
Republic of his invaluable services — that now more than ever the insulted
majesty of the Nation stands in urgent need of vindication; and that while
we would deprecate all vindictive excess, we are nevertheless of the opinion
that the laws of God and the instincts of outraged humanity justify and
demand that at least the chief plotters and abettors of a rebellion which has
deluged the land with blood, should not be allowed to go unpunished.

Resolved, That we recognize in the brutal murder of the President, and the
attempted assassination of the Secretary of State, lying as he was on a sick
bed and rendered defenceless by wounds, the same fiendish spirit engendered
by slavery, which, years ago, shocked the nation with its barbarous violence,
and at last has filled the land with lamentation and bitter sorrow, making it the
imperative duty of the Government never to cease the struggle in which we
are engaged, until this pestilent cause of all our troubles is forever eradicated
from our soil.


Resolved, That, while we will retain in cherished remembrance the virtues
of that illustrious man to whom, and whose compatriots, under God, we owe
the foundation of the free institutions we enjoy, our hearts will not consent
to withhold an equal place in their affectionate and grateful remembrance,
from the martyred patriot, whose life has just been sacnriced for their
maintenance; assured that while time lasts and a reverence for virtue and
loyalty remains, the names of George Washington and Abraham Lincoln
will stand together in emblazoned characters on history's brightest page, the
one as the Father, the other as the Saviour of his country.

Resolved. That we extend to the afflicted family of our late President our
sincere sympathy, assuring them that their affliction and sorrow are not theirs
alone, but are shared by the entire Nation, and that we commend them to the
protection and loving regard of the God of all grace and comfort.

Resolved, That our sympathies are due and are hereby tendered to the
honored Secretary of State, himself the purposed victim of foul conspiracy ;
and that we regard it a cause for special and devout thanksgiving that the
transcendent ability, which has been so skillfully employed in averting
threatened foreign complications with our domestic troubles, is still saved to
our afflicted country in this hour of her severest trial.

Resolved, That we tender to the distinguished citizen called of God in a
manner so signal and solemn, to assume the duties of the Chief Executive
office, the expression of our confidence in his patriotism and earnest purpose
to administer, in dependence on Divine assistance, the affairs of this great
people, with the assurance of our earnest support in his efforts to uphold the
Government and maintain its authority over our entire National territory.

Resolved, That over the prostrate body of our murdered President it is
eminently fit and proper that every good citizen, every patriot, every man
who wishes to be thought an upholder of order, and a free Government,
should now, ignoring party, swear fresh allegiance to the National cause, and
new devotion to the work of saving, under God, this great Republic from
dismemberment and overthrow.

Another dirge by the band was followed by the Oration of Hon.
Frederick T. Frelinghuysen.

The "Star- Spangled Banner" and "Rally Round the Flag" were
then given by the band, after which, on motion, a resolution was
adopted returning thanks to Mr. Frelinghuysen for his able oration,
and requesting a copy of the same for publication. In conclusion,
the vast multitude was led by Alderman James L. Hays in singing
the grand old Doxology — "Praise God from whom all blessings flow."


Fellow-Citizens :

The songs of Victory; the patriot's congratulations at
the speedy advent of Peace ; the bells pealing their anthems
of praise to God, are suddenly hushed. The proud huzzah
is turned to lamentation, and the land is shrouded with
the signals of distress. A grief such as can only come to
the great heart of a Nation has fallen upon us.

The kind, the unpretending, the patient, the laborious, the
brave, the wise, the great and good Abraham Lincoln is
dead! The Nation's heart should "melt and be poured out
like water."

We bow, Oh ! God, beneath thy rod.

After being called to the Chief-Magistracy of this Nation
by the overwhelming voice of the people; after having
borne, for four years, a weight of toil and care and
responsibility, such as, perhaps, no other man has borne;
after having brought the nation through a complication of
difficulties which the best men among us at times have be-
lieved would engulph us in ruin; when he was just intro-
ducing the Nation to the halcyon days of peace; when, by
acts of sublime magnanimity, appealing to the better in-
stincts of man's nature, he was endeavoring to join the
hands of this estranged people ; when, to all human appear-
ances, his intimate and severely acquired knowledge of
the conflicting interests, motives and passions of the crisis,
was essential to the welfare of the Republic; when the
thanks of a rescued people were just being poured upon
him; when his wisdom and his patriotism had taken from
party spirit its bitterness, and all were uniting in testimony



to his greatness and his goodness — it is, at this point of time,
at this juncture of events, in the inscrutable providence of
God, the fearful tidings reach us that Abraham Lincoln
is dead !

That mind, in all its comprehensive originality, stored
with practical wisdom, to us invaluable, has now left the
transitory scenes of time ! That heart which was moved to
active sympathy for all in the wide world who were afflicted,
down-trodden or oppressed, will never beat again ! That
hand which, while it swayed the sceptre of a great Nation,
none of any state, condition or color were too poor or too
degraded to grasp, is now cold and stiff and motionless !
Ah ! afflicted country, go and mourn.

"It is manliness to be heart-broken here,

For the grave of earth's best nobleness is watered by the tear."

Go deck with mourning wreath your Nation's ensign, for
the second Father of his Country is no more.

When hereafter selfish ambition shall distract and divide
the Cabinet counsel of the Nation, you can no longer com-
posedly say Lincoln is there! When hereafter an unin-
formed and inflammatory press shall assail valuable civil or
military officers, you can no longer quietly lay aside the
journal, with the satisfactory consolation, Lincoln is there!
When hereafter complications and difficulties arise with
foreign nations, knowing the sagacity and peace-loving
disposition of your leader, you can no longer exultingly say,
Lincoln is there! When hereafter the true friends of the
country, with earnestness and talent, shall advocate two
diverse and opposite plans for the restoration of the Nation,
one crying for justice and for vengeance, and the other
counselling pardon and forbearance, you can no longer lay
your head gently on its pillow, under the conviction that
Lincoln is there! No, he is not there! He has gone!
Gone to the reward of those who, in imitation of our great
Exemplar, forget themselves for the welfare of others.

Did I say, that the Nation mourned because Abraham
Lincoln was dead? I told but half the truth. Had he died


in the course of nature, surrounded by all the tender assidui-
ties of affection, and had he left this anxious world of
trouble for his home above, leaving us his parting counsel
and benediction, we would have sorrowed for him most
deeply; but the heart of this afflicted people has vastly
more than that sorrow to bear. It is anguished and torn by
the conflicting emotions of sorrow and bereavement on the
one hand, and indignation and desire for justice on the

In Abraham Lincoln was not only centered the affec-
tions of the people, but he impersonated the majestic dignity
of this great Christian Nation — to protect and vindicate
which dignity all men of all parties would be ready, if needs
be, again to drench this land in blood and tears and ready
to give up life and property; the Chief Magistrate, who
thus impersonated the Nation's dignity, is not only dead, but
is foully murdered.

Let the vile miscreant who did the deed die as he de-
serves. But ah ! our President had other murderers than
that abandoned man. He was murdered by the two
nefarious Powers which, in God's strength he had bravely
fought and bravely vanquished, and which were at that
moment expiring — Human Slavery and Rebellion against

The proximate cause of this agonizing event is a small
leaden missile and a few grains of powder ; but the real, the
true, the responsible cause of this atrocity, is the two malign
agencies which in these later years have been holding their
carnival of crime and cruelty and causing the land to wreak
with blood. This diabolical consummation is the legitimate
result of the spirit they have been inculcating.

It matters not whether the counsel of the assassin's
accomplice to "wait until Richmond could be heard from;"
whether the fact that the day selected for the deed was that
on which the Nation's banner was re-instated on Sumter;
whether the fact that months ago public advertisement
offered a reward for a man to assassinate the President;
whether the fact that a scheme did exist to seize and carry
him off beyond the enemy's lines ; whether the fact that this


plot included the whole Cabinet — prove or do not prove that
the itinerant government of Richmond instigated the deed.
Those who would trace this crime to its proper source and
then profit by their conclusion, must accept the truth that
the murderers are the two foul powers I have named. One
of which, for generations, has grown rich in luxurious in-
dolence by the sweat of others brows, has revelled in the de-
gradation of those who were without the ability to resist,
has severed the tenderest ligatures of the human heart by
tearing husband from wife, and mother from children, and
has made the lash and often death the sanction by which
to enforce its tyranny ; it has withheld from God's immortal
creatures the blessed privilege of reading His gospel of
salvation ; has reduced a class well called "poor whites" to
a condition little better than the slave, and has robbed those
who would be true to their country of the benefits of our
priceless institutions. It is the same vile power which at
one time by its insidious blandishments has seduced North-
ern freemen into an abject servility to its will, and at another
time has bullied the counsels of this Nation into a shape
to it agreeable. It is the same that has rendered its votaries
arrogant and inhuman, the same that struck Sumner down,
and which now, in the agonies of its dissolution, has dealt
a blow upon him, who, as God's instrument, I believe, has
vanquished it.

The other murderer is the offspring (as death is of sin),
of that I have just named. It is that foul spirit which re-
belled without cause, and without the assignment of any
cause, against the fairest and best government of the world ;
which has laid in many an unknown grave, cold and stark
and dead, hundreds of thousands of the best youth of the
Nation. It is that spirit which has filled our land with
widows and orphans; that has murdered by starvation tens
of thousands of our brave soldiers, fighting to maintain civil
liberty for the world ; the same that prompted commissioned
bandit raiders to rob our banks and murder unarmed and
quiet citizens; the same that has thrown from the track
trains of cars, the inmates — women and children — all un-


guarded and unconscious of danger; the same that has
striven, with the incendiary's torch, to reduce to a seething,
burning mass the multitudinous throng attendant on our
places of public amusement, and to send anguish to every
hamlet in the land by the simultaneous destruction of most
of the crowded hotels in yonder metropolis. It is the same
spirit that while this horrid deed was being done, in the per-
son of that ruffian, leaped on the sick bed of our honored
Secretary of State, and with the assassin's blade sought to
extinguish a heroism which every other expedient had
failed to silence.

These ! Slavery and Rebellion, are the murderers of our
Chief Magistrate. Let the vile instrument who, over the
shoulders of a doting wife, assassinated the benefactor of
his race, die!

But come, you noble, just and true men of all parties with
me, to the altars of your country and there record it, that
these foul murderers of our race, as well as of our Presi-
dent, shall no longer have a foot-place in free America.

Those influences which transmute the sober-minded
American citizen into frenzied fiends — burning with a
murderous fanaticism, ready, reckless of danger and death,
to assassinate whoever is pointed out for vengeance; those
influences which render the stiletto and the pistol, rather
than argument and the peaceful ballot, the arbiters of the
destinies of the Nation, must be torn up, root and branch,
and burned in the hot fire of a holy indignation, or we are
undone forever.

For more than four years; yes, ever since Abraham
Lincoln had the hardihood, as a free American citizen,
to accept a nomination for the Presidency, the pampered
slave aristocracy of the South have followed him with the
deepest malignity. Fashion and beauty incensed that at
the sacrifice of oath and country he would not do obeisance
to their assumption, have plied their fascinating dalliance to
insinuate the venom of hatred and revenge into the heart of
the Southern gentry, while the more vulgar with the rapacity

of their blood-dogs have hounded him ; they have exhausted
the vocabulary of Billingsgate for approbrious epithets
wherewith to dishonor him; they have villified him as a
drunkard, fool and tyrant. And when that miscreant leaped
upon the stage and with the theatrical malevolence of the
pit, shouted, "Sic semper tyrannis," he only condensed
and echoed the vile sentiment they have fostered. I observe
that when the rebel leader heard of the assassination he
shut himself up in his house at Richmond, refusing to hear
the details of the tragedy. Ah ! yes ; did conscience tell him
that he and his co-conspirators, though not concerned, had
guilt in that murder? He is by no means the first who has
sown the wind and cowered before the whirlwind. The
event which shocks the nation, is not isolated. It is linked
to the past, and that past has its responsibility.

But come now, you who have rebelled against the Gov-
ernment ; your victim lies bleeding before you. Look at
him. Did he ever take one step further in your path than
you made necessary for the preservation of this free Gov-
ernment for your children and for ours? Did he ever utter
to you one unkind word? Has he done more than you
would have done, if you have not perjury in your soul, if
you, as he, had that constitutional oath recorded in Heaven ?
Come, look at your victim — your eyes may now glut them-
selves with vengeance ; but it would be more rational, let me
say, that your hearts should be clothed with sorrow, for
there ! there ! lies your best friend ! His patient, forgiving
nature, was the rampart between your crime and an in-
jured country. Think not that this Nation dies with him.
No, it lives, and it will live. Hearts throb and stalwart
men weep — but an event which would have shaken to their
centres the monarchies of the Old World, does not produce
a jar to our self-adjusting Government. And let me tell
you, if you do not yet submit to the same laws which we
rejoice to obey, one will rise up whose little finger shall be
as that man's loins.

This blow is hard to bear! Martyr of liberty, great
sacrifice to thy Nation's existence, rest in thy Western


grave! Those of the opposing party, regretting any hasty
word, not said in malice, that might have cast an insult on
thy honored name, remembering that not one rancorous ex-
pression was ever tempted from thy lips — and seeing in
thy death the infernal character of the principles against
which your war of life was waged, will come with those
who were your followers, and both will join with the
down-trodden and the oppressed of this and of every land,
and at thy tomb renew our devotion to the just and holy
cause for which you lived and died.

Abraham Lincoln was born in Kentucky, in 1809. He
was the son of a poor man. He derives no distinction from
ancestry, but sheds back upon it a bright lustre. When he
was seven years old his father moved to Indiana, where, for


Online LibraryFrederick T. (Frederick Theodore) FrelinghuysenObsequies of Abraham Lincoln, in Newark, N. J., April 19, 1865 : oration → online text (page 1 of 2)