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Nominations for elective office in the United States online

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convention shall be printed the statement which is contained in the
nomination paper placing the candidate in nomination.

SECTION 18. No names shall be printed on a ballot other than those
which have been duly presented on nomination papers.

Immediately following the names of candidates blank spaces for the
insertion in writing of other names equal to the number of persons to be
chosen shall be provided.

Upon the ballot shall be stated the number of persons to be voted
for the different positions to be filled!

A star (*) against a name shall indicate that a person is a candidate
for re-election.

A cross (X) marked against a name shall constitute a vote for the
person so designated ; but if a voter marks a cross against more names
than there are persons to be elected to an office, his vote for that office
shall not be counted. The form of ballots and the arrangement of
printed matter thereon shall be in general that observed in ballots pro-
vided by the state at elections, except as herein otherwise provided.

SECTION 19. The city or town clerk of the city or town shall on the
day on which a caucus is to be held, before the opening of the polls,
deliver at the polling place to the warden, if present, or if not present
then to the clerk, if both warden and clerk are absent then to any
inspector who may be present, the sample ballots, together with the
ballots hereinbefore provided for and the voting lists required by law to
be used in caucuses. The city or town clerk shall also prepare at the
expense of the city or town and deliver at the time and place aforesaid
suitable blank forms and apparatus for canvassing and counting the
ballots and making the returns required by this act, a seal of suitable
device for each polling place, and a record book.

It shall be the duty of the presiding officer at each polling place, at
or prior to the hour of opening the caucus, to cause to be conspicu-
ously posted or placed in such polling place not less than six facsimile
copies of the ballots to be used in the caucuses, such copies to be
printed on tinted paper. They shall be kept so posted or placed dur-
ing the whole time that balloting is in progress.

SECTION 20. The order of business in caucuses shall be as follows :

(i) Any necessary preliminary business that may properly come
before the meeting shall first be transacted.


(2) Thereafter balloting shall be allowed to proceed uninterrup-
tedly until half past eight o'clock in the evening, when the polls shall
be closed unless the caucus shall vote to keep them open until a later

(3) At the conclusion of the balloting, any other business properly
before the caucus shall be in order.

SECTION 21. If at any caucus held under the provisions of this act
the right of a person offering to vote is challenged for any cause recog-
nized by law, the presiding officer shall require the name and residence
of the person so offering to vote to be written by himself, or by some
one in his behalf, on the outside of the ballot so offered, and the presid-
ing officer shall add thereto the name of the person so challenging and
the assigned cause for which the challenge is made, before such ballot
is received ; but nothing in this section shall be construed as permit-
ting officers in the caucus to receive any ballot which by law they are
required to refuse.

No officer, otherwise than as above-required or permitted, and no
person other than an officer of the caucus, shall make any statement or
give any information in regard to a ballot cast by a voter so challenged
at any such caucus, except as required by law.

SECTION 22. Immediately after the polls are declared closed, but not
before, the ballots shall be counted in full view of the voters. When
the total result and counting of ballots has been ascertained the presid-
ing officer shall make public announcement thereof in open meeting,
and shall, in open meeting, cause the clerk of the caucus to enter in
words at length in the record book, provided for his use by the city or
town clerk, the total number of names checked on the voting list, the
total number of ballots cast, the names of all persons voted for, the
number of votes received for each person, and the title of the delega-
tion or office for which he was proposed. Each clerk of a caucus shall
forthwith make a copy of the record so made by him, certify and seal
the same, and transmit the same with the record book to the city or
town clerk, as hereinafter provided. The clerk shall then, in the
presence of those who are responsible for the count and before the
adjournment of the caucus, seal up all ballots which have been cast,
together with the check lists used in the caucus and a statement regard-
ing any challenge which has been made.

The warden and clerk of the caucus shall indorse upon such package
the name of the political party holding the caucus, for what delegations
and candidatures and in what ward the ballots were cast, and the date
of the caucus. The warden shall forthwith transmit to the city or town
clerk, by the police officer or by some other legal officer stationed by
said clerk in attendance at the caucus, all the ballots cast and the voting
lists, the copy of the records, sealed as aforesaid, together with the
record book of the clerk. The city or town clerk shall safely keep such
sealed packages for not less than three months, and shall produce the
same if called for by any court, justice, tribunal or convention having
jurisdiction of the same.



SECTION 23. If, within the twenty-four hours next succeeding the
day of any caucus held under the provisions of this act, ter. or more
qualified voters of any ward or town shall file with the city or town
clerk a statement that they have reason to believe that the records and
returns made by the caucus officers of such ward or town are erroneous,
and shall specify wherein they deem them in error, in the city of Boston
the city clerk shall forthwith transmit such statement to the ballot law
commission having jurisdiction in the premises, and in other cities and
towns to the registrars of voters, together with the sealed package or
packages containing all the ballots cast and voting lists used at such
caucus, and said ballot law commission or registrars of voters, as the
case may be, shall within two days next succeeding the day of such
caucus open said package or packages and recount said ballots and
determine the questions raised, and such recount shall stand as the
true result of the vote cast in such caucus. And each candidate inter-
ested may appear and be present during such recount, either in person
or by an agent appointed by him in writing.

SECTION 24. In any city or town after the passage of this act the
city or town committee of any political party shall, at the written
request of fifty voters, members of said party, call a caucus or caucuses
of said party for the purpose of voting upon the question whether the
provisions of this act shall be adopted by said political party in said
city or town. The notice of said caucus or caucuses shall state the
day, the place and the hour, not earlier than six o'clock in the evening
and not later than half past seven o'clock in the evening, of holding
said caucus or caucuses, and shall be issued at least seven days prior to
the day named for said caucus or caucuses, and shall be published not
less than twice in one or more local newspapers, if there are any such
newspapers in such cities or towns, and shall be posted in at least five
public places in each ward or town. The sense of said caucus or cau-
cuses shall be taken by ballot and the polls shall be kept open at least
one hour. If said political party shall by a majority of the votes cast at
said caucus or caucuses vote to adopt the provisions of this act, nomi-
nation papers, ballots and other apparatus required for caucuses so held,
shall be provided for said party at the expense of the city or town, and
all caucuses of said political party in said city or town shall thereafter
be conducted according to the provisions of this act.

SECTION 25. A political party of a city or town which has so accepted
the provisions of this act may, however, at any other caucus or caucuses
called for the purpose, upon notices given as aforesaid, held not less
than one year after the date of the caucus or caucuses whereat said
acceptance is voted, revoke such action by the affirmative vote of a
majority of the voters entitled to vote in such caucus or caucuses
present and voting by ballot thereon. The polls at said caucus or cau-
cuses shall be kept open at least one hour. Whenever a political party
in a city or town shall vote to accept the provisions of this act or to
revoke such acceptance, the secretary of the city or town committee of



such political party shall, within ten days of such action, file with the
secretary of the Commonwealth and with the clerk of the city or town
and the secretary of the state committee of the political party so voting
a notice of such action.

SECTION 26. In such city or town in each year at the caucus held in
a ward or town for the choice of delegates to the state convention there
shall be chosen one warden, one clerk and at least five inspectors, and
such additional inspectors in wards having more than five precincts as
the city committee of the political party whose caucuses are to be held
may each year determine. They shall be qualified voters of the ward
or town in which they are elected and members of the political party
whose caucus is to be held. Every caucus officer so elected shall hold
office for the term of one year, beginning with the first day of October
succeeding his election and until his successor is elected.

SECTION 27. The respective duties of caucus officers shall be in gen-
eral the same as those required of election officers at elections, as pro-
vided in chapter four hundred and seventeen of the acts of the year
eighteen hundred and ninety-three and all acts in amendment thereof.
They shall, for the performance of their respective duties, attend in
their respective wards or towns at the times and places duly designated
for caucuses.

SECTION 28. If at any caucus a majority of the caucus officers shall
so vote, additional officers, to serve in that caucus only, may be elected
by a majority vote of the caucus officers present and voting thereat, and
in case of the absence of any caucus officer the vacancy thus occurring
shall be filled in the same manner.

In case of a vacancy in the number of caucus officers by death,
declination of election, resignation, removal from the city or town, or
otherwise, the vacancy shall be filled by a majority vote of all the
remaining caucus officers. A removal from the ward or town during the
year for which an officer was elected shall not disqualify him from serv-
ing in the caucus of the ward or town wherein he was elected.

No person shall be eligible to the position of warden or clerk who is
a member of a ward or town committee, and no person shall serve as a
caucus officer at any caucus wherein he is a candidate for an elective
office or for a nomination to an elective office, or candidate for ward
or town committee.

SECTION 29. A city or town committee of a political party which shall
adopt the provisions of this act shall, not less than ten days prior to
holding any caucus under its provisions, appoint such caucus officers as
are hereinbefore provided for in each ward or town to serve at the first
caucus to be held after the adoption of this act.

[SECTION 30. In the case of a newly incorporated city, or in the case
of re-division into wards of a city to which the provisions of this act
apply, at the first caucuses held in the next succeeding year the caucus
officers to serve in such caucuses shall be appointed by the city com-
mittee ; and at the aforesaid caucuses the regular caucus officers shall



be chosen as hereinbefore provided. Each officer so chosen shall hold
office for one year from the first day of October succeeding his election
and until his successor is elected. In case of such re-division of a city
into wards any political party may in the next succeeding year elect its
ward committees, to serve for such terms, not exceeding the length of
the terms for which the former committees were chosen, as the city
committee existing at the time of calling the caucuses may determine,
and thereafter shall elect such committees at the times and for the
terms prescribed by law.]

SECTION 31. All caucuses held under the provisions of this act,
except as is herein otherwise provided, shall be held in general accord-
ance with the provisions relative to the conduct of elections and the
manner of voting at elections contained in chapter four hundred and
seventeen of the acts of the year eighteen hundred and ninety-three
and acts in amendment thereof.

SECTION 32. The penalties imposed by law upon officers and voters
who violate the provisions of acts regulating state elections are hereby
imposed upon officers and voters who violate the provisions of this act.
The supreme judicial court and the superior court shall have full power
at law or in equity to enforce the provisions of this act.

SECTION 33. All acts or parts of acts inconsistent herewith are hereby
repealed. {Approved June 5, 1895.]





The Library Hall Association of Cambridge, Mass. Notification
of election to membership with accompanying copy of the By- Laws
of the Association.

Hftear? l^all association of Camfcritige*

Treasurer. President. Secretary.

CAMBRIDGE, Nov r . 21, 1892.


Dear Sir :

Your name having been proposed for mem-
bership and approved by the Executive Committee, you can
become a member of this Association as provided in Article III.
of the by-laws. Please sign the enclosed card, and return the
same with amount of admission fee (one dollar) to the Secretary,
86 Mt. Auburn Street. A copy of the by-laws is herewith

Yours respectfully,






The name of this Association shall be The Library Hall Association
of Cambridge.


The purposes of this Association shall be to secure the nomination
and election of proper candidates for municipal offices ; to procure the
punishment of all persons who may be guilty of election frauds, malad-
ministration of office or misappropriation of public funds ; to advocate
and promote a public service based upon character and capability only ;
and to promote intelligent discussion of municipal affairs by the publica-
tion and distribution of reliable information in relation thereto.


Any citizen of Cambridge shall be eligible to membership without
regard to his political preferences. Proposals for membership shall be
made in writing to the Executive Committee in such form as they may
provide, and if approved by three-fourths of that Committee the appli-
cant shall become a member upon signing these By- Laws and payment
of the admission fee. Proposals not approved by the Executive Com-
mittee may be referred by any member to the Association, which may,
by a three-fourths vote of all present at any meeting, elect said appli-
cant. The Executive Committee shall investigate charges of misconduct
against any member of the Association, and report to the Association
such recommendations as they may deem desirable in relation to the
same. The Association may then, by three- fourths vote of all present
expel said member, provided he shall be notified of the proposed action
and be heard in his own behalf, if he so desires. Any member not in
arrears, may at any time resign his membership by sending a written
notice to the Secretary.


The officers of the Association shall be a President, one Vice-President
from each Ward, a Treasurer, a Secretary, three Auditors and an Execu-
tive Committee of five from each Ward who shall, after the first organ-
ization, be elected at the annual meeting in October, and hold office
until their successors are elected. The President, Treasurer and Secre-
tary shall also be ex-officio members of the Executive Committee. No
person holding any salaried position under the National, State, or City
Government, and no member of either branch of the City Council shall
be eligible for election to any office of the Association. Any officer of



the Association who shall become a candidate for any of the above
offices shall cease to hold his position as an officer of this Association,
and the Executive Committee shall immediately choose a member to
fill the vacancy for the remainder of the term of said officer. The
Executive Committee may employ such assistance as they may deem
necessary in the prosecution of the work of the Association, provided
that no expense shall be incurred beyond the amount of money in the
Treasury not appropriated for other purposes. The Treasurer, Secre-
tary and Executive Committee, shall, at the October meeting, present a
report of their work for the preceding year. And the Treasurer shall
also, at the December meeting, present a detailed report of the expen-
ditures of the Association in the last preceding municipal campaign,
which shall be audited and printed in one or more newspapers pub-
lished in Cambridge.


Every member shall pay to the Treasurer the sum of one dollar as an
admission fee, and upon the first day of October in each year, he shall
pay an annual assessment of one dollar. Any member refusing or fail-
ing to pay any assessment for one month after the same becomes
payable shall thereby lose his membership, unless the Executive Com-
mittee shall relieve him from said payment by a two-thirds vote.


The Association shall hold meetings on the last Monday in October,
December and March, and at such other times as the interests of the
Association may require. Special meetings of the Association shall be
called by the Secretary by order of the Executive Committee, or upon
the written request of ten members, stating the reason therefor. The
Secretary shall mail to each member a printed notice of the time and
place of every meeting, stating the purpose for which it is called. At
special meetings no business shall be transacted except that specified in
the notice of the meeting. At any meeting of the Association one-
tenth of all the members shall constitute a quorum ; ten members of
the Executive Committee shall be a quorum to transact all business ex-
cept the admission of members.


These By-Laws may be amended by a vote of two-thirds of those
present at any meeting of the Association, the proposed amendment
having been printed upon the notice for the meeting at which said
vote is taken. In no case shall these By-Laws, or any of them, be



The Library Hall Association : Postal card containing notice of
the annual meeting of the Association for the purpose of endorsing
candidates for the municipal election ; and also the admission card
sent to each member of the Association.

I)r Library t)all association of Cambnogc.


Treasurer, President. Secretary,

243 Broadway. 86 ML Auburn Street.

CAMBRIDGE, Nov. 27, 1893.

In accordance with a vote of the Executive Committee, the members
are requested to meet at


to consider what action shall be taken by this Association in regard to
the municipal election in December.

As this is not a public meeting, none but members will be admitted
to the Hall.

TJie BLUE card, mailed Nov. 24, must be presented at
the door.

The hour is 730 TO-NIGHT.

GEORGE G. WRIGHT, Secretary.


422 1893.

C&e tfbrarp Dall association of Cambridge.


Treasurer, President. Secretary,

243 Broadway. 86 Mt. Auburn Street.


The Citizens' Trade Association Hall, 604 Main Street,
Monday, Nov. 27, at 7.30 P. M.


This ticket is Not Transferable, and will admit only the person named thereon.



The Library Hall Association : Sample ballot used in endorsing can-
didates for the Board of Aldermen, at the meeting held in Novem-
ber, 1892.

Cfje Library 5>all gssoctation of Cambridge.





FOR ALDERMEN. Mark for Eleven.

The City Charter provides that the Board of Aldermen shall consist of eleven members,
who shall be chosen by the qualified voters of the whole city. They may be all chosen
from one ward.


RUSSELL BRADFORD, 375 Harvard St., Lawyer,

*EDWARD B. JAMES, 88 Lakeview Ave., Lumber dealer,

ANDREW JACKSON JONES, 52 Mt. Auburn St., Carriage builder,
MARSHALL N. STEARNS, 44 Wallace St., Mason,

Temple Hall.
Temple Hall.





196 Prospect St., Manager,



8 Bigelow St. Machinist, Democratic.

155 Washington St., Builder, Temple Hall.

402 Winsor St., Democratic.

254 Broadway, Druggists' sundries, Temple Hall.

197 Harvard St., Grocer, Temple Hall.




60 Spring St.,
75 Otis St.,

Cigar manufac'r,

84 Thorndike St., Lawyer,
90 Spring St., Student,


CHARLES W. CHENEY. 351 Pearl St., Salesman,

fHARLES W. HENDERSON, 238 Pearl St., Paper stock,

WILLIAM F. McCORMICK, 56 Austin St., Grocer,

<'HARLES H. MILLNER, 39 Western Ave., Plumber,

JOHN G. THOROGOOD, 103 Allston St., Foreman,



Member of City Council, 1893.

347 North Ave.,
44 Hudson St.,
37 Linnaean St.,

319 North Ave.,

Real estate,
Dealer in butter,

Temple Hall.

Temple Hall.

Temple Hall.
Temple Hall.

Temple Hall.
Temple Hall.



The Library Hall Association : Sample ballot used in endorsing a
candidate for Mayor at the meeting held November 27, 1893.

Library hall Association of CainbnDgr.


WILLIAM A. BANCROFT, 6 Putnam Avenue, Lawyer, Temple HalL
JOSEPH J. KELLEY, 1 10 Otis Street, Undertaker, Democratic.

Present incumbent.


The Library Hall Association : Sample ballot used in endorsing can-
didates for the Common Council, used at the meeting held Nov. 27,

Cljr Library Dall association of CambriUge.


Treasurer. President. Secretary.


WARD TWO. -Mark for Five.

FRANK J. CARNES, 70 Harvard St., Boot maker, Democratic.

CHARLES M. CONANT, 22 Lee St., Moulding mill, Temple Hall.

WILLIAM R. DAVIS, 174 Columbia St., Cooper, Temple Hall.

JAMES A. DONOVAN, 31 Tremont St., Salesman. Democratic.

JOHN A. ELLIOTT, Democratic.

J. WALTER FARRELL, 73 Inman St., Clerk, Temple Hall.

FRANK MCLAUGHLIN, 21 Washington St., Rubber cutter, Democratic.

JAMES F. MULLEN, 98 Norfolk St., Undertaker, Democratic.

JOHN L. ODIORNE, 287 Harvard St., Real estate, Temple Hall.

CHARLES H. II I IS, 60 Antrim St., Milk dealer, Temple Hall.
Member of City Council, 1893.

NOTE. The designation "democratic" occurring after some of the names on
the above ballots would seem to contradict the statement in the text, that national
party lines are not drawn in municipal elections in Cambridge. The Democratic
City Committee, however, in 1893, did attempt to draw party lines at the city
election, but their nominees met with such a crushing defeat at the polls that the
experiment has not been repeated.


ABINGTON (Mass.), Federalist account of
Republican Congressional Convention
held at, 24.

Adams, John, his account of a meeting of
the "Caucus Club," in February, 1763,
9 ; the recognized Federalist candidate
for Vice-President in 1792, 13 ; his state-
ment concerning Hamilton's intrigues
in 1796, 14.

Adams, John Quincy, nomination for the

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Online LibraryFrederick William DallingerNominations for elective office in the United States → online text (page 25 of 27)