G. Ch. (Gottlieb Christian) Crusius.

A complete Greek and English lexicon of the poems of Homer and the Homeridae ... from the German of G. Ch. Crusius online

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end, to accomplish, niana ntJitlqmnai, Od.
12, 37. 2) to pierce through, to transfix.
nBtqr^vaq diet vma /cilcwi^?, sc. dovaimg, h.
Merc. 48. 3) to bind to, to attach, prop,
opposite ends {ndqixja), to fasten with a
knot ; (ni^ Ik tivoq, * Od. 22, 175.

nBiQaq or nnqag, arog, to, ep. for ni$ag,
i) an end, a limit, a boundary, ytdrig, nortov,
IL 14, 200. 8, 478. 2) termtnation, comple-
tion, issue, niii^aQ kXia&at, to receive the
issue (viz. of the contest), to bring the con-
test to an end, IL 18, 501. ml^ona vinr^g
^ovTOA h ^tolaiv, the end, L e. the attain-
ment of victory depends upon the gods, D. 7,
102. Tttlgaxa oU&qov ixvda^ai, to reach the
limit of destruction, IL 6, 143; in like manner
Ttti^. oL iqnJTnat, the end of destruction de-
pends over the Trojans, IL 7, 402. 12, 79. Od.
22, 33, where this is rather a poetical peri-
phrasis for complete, utter destruction («-
ketog olt&Qog, Eustath.) ; hence 3) the ex-
tremity, that which is most important in a
thing, as in a race, IL 23, 350. ntlqma rix-
vfig, the tools with which artificial works are
wrought, the ministers of art, Od. 3, 433. 4)
a rope, a cord, a cable, Od. 21, 51. 162 ; me-
taph. noUfioio ntigaq, IL 13, 359, see hialaa-
oti ; according to Passow ad no. 1, prop, the
ends of the cable.

netqiao (ntiqa), ep. migijiTw, aor. 1 ^e/^
era, mid. fut ntiqriirofiai, aor. 1 inBtgtjiTafiTpf,
perf mid. nenslgrifiai, aor. 1 pass, ineiqt^&riy,
^1) to try, to strive, to take pains, absoL and
with infin. IL 8, 8. 19, 30; and with wg or
oniog, II. 4, 66. Od. 2, 316. 4, 545. 2) to try
any one, to put any one to the proof, with
gen. of the object proved, ttrog, U. 24, 390.
conf. IL 9, 345 ; espec. in a hostile signif. : to
venture an attack, fii^hay, IL 12, 301. Od. 6,
134. Mid. embracing aor. mid. and pass,
with reference to the subject, 1) to attempt,
to take pains, to undertake, absoL and with
infin. IL 4, 5. 12, 341. It is not in Horn, com-
bined with a part, for nofra yipfofttrog nnt-
griat-rm, Od. 4, 418, means : he will, assuming

Digitized by VjOOQIC




every form, attempt, subaud. aXila^ (Vosb
iDcorrectly tranBlates, 'he will attempt to
become every thing'), cf. Od. 21, 184. 2) to
try, to prove, most frequently with geo. of the
object which is tried, b) Spoken of persons :
to try, to prove any one, with words : to exa-
mine, to interrogate any one, U. 10, 444. Od.

13, 336 ; comm. in a hostile signif II. 19, 70.
20, 352 J once oyT«/3*V ^*^^ U- 21, 226. c)
Of things: a&iytog, to try his strength, II. 15,
359; x^^^ ^^^^ c&iyiog, Od. 21, 282; espec.
to try onesdf'm any thing, cjp/ov, ai^kov, Od.
18, 369. 11. 23, 707; to^ov, Od. 21, 159; once
nt^l Jivos, II. 23, 553. 3) With dat of the
instrum. and means: l/rcai, to practise oneself
with words, 11. 2, 73; fy/«*»?, 11 5, 279; also
iv hrwi, avy Tcv/eo-t, U. 5, 220. 11, 386. ne-
nU^fMn lAv&owi, I have exercised myself in
words, i. e. I am experienced, Od. 3, 23. 4)
Rarely with accus. to try, to prove any thing,
T^oxor, II. 18, 601 ; rl, to spy out any thing,
Od. 4, 119. 24, 238.

*nBi^ecioUf al, a town in Magnesia, h.
Ap. 32. ed. Herm. for £^falai.

ftatQt^i^a, ep. form of nsi^oco, only pres.
and imperf to try, to prove, absol. and with
infin. II. 12, 257. 1) With gen. of pers. and
thing, II. 7, 235. Od. 21, 124. 22, 237; to
prove, to examine, Od. 14, 459. 2) With
accus. atlxoi av^w, to try the ranks of the
men (in batlle), II. 12, 47.

neiQi&oogt 6 (swif\ in attacking, from
nsl^ia and &6og), Piriihom, son of Ixion or
of Jupiter and Dia, of Larissa in Thessaly,
king of the Lapiths, and friend of Theseus.
He was present at the Calydonian chase,
and was the husband of Hippodamia, at
whose nuptials the celebrate^} quarrel of the
Centaurs and the Lapithss arose, 11. I, 263.

14, 318. Od. 21, 296.

ntiQivSy if'&oSi ^, a carriage-basket, for
persons and things, II. 24, 190. 267. Od. 15,

nelQW {nigag), aor. tmiQa, ep. Ttslga, perf.
pass, ninaqfmi, to pierce through from end
to end, hence 1) Intrans. to go through, to
sail through ; xilBv&or, to sail through the
way, i. e. to accomplish the voyage, Od. 2,
434. avdgahf moUftovg, aXfytiva re xifiata
(by a zeugma), II. 24, 8. Od. 8, 183. 13, 91.
2) Trans, to pierce, to transfix; with accus.
itqia o^tXounv, to pierce tlie flesh with the
spits, 11. 7, 317. Od. 19, 422. ix&vg d' oJ? mi-

govreg iiitgitia dfiixa ips^orxo (i. e. lx^'€ii u.*
dumti^vrteg rgiaivaig), as spearing fishes
they bore them, etc. Od. 10, 124. This is the
correct explanation. [Thus Cowp. ' whom
speared like fishes to their home they bore,-
etc.] The other explanation, accord, to whicL
Ix^vg is nom. and ntigorteg^^^ Jif^&yi^g r(»
hjiiva, is incongruous ; Gf/i<p o(itXo7atr, IL 1,
465. 2, 428 ; nva alxfi^ dia jjfsi^off, to pierce
any one through the hand with the spear. U.
20, 479; without accus. II. 16, 405. t-X&in
TienaQfuvog, studded with nails, embosfed
with studs, spoken of a sceptre and a gobleu
11. 1, 246. 11,633; nfgl.dovgl, IL 21, 577;
metaph. odvvri<ri, pierced with pangs, U. 5,

neiQOog, 6, gen. ITtl^m, U. 70, 484, son of
Imbrasus of ^nus, leader of the Thracians,
II. 2, 844.

ttsTaaf tj {nel&io), poet for nii'Sxli, t^ y
h TttUrij xgadiii ftirt, his heart remained at
rest (V. in composure), Od. 20, 23. (Ac-
cord, to the Schol. for iv Tre/a/iari.)

UeiaapdQOSf o, Pisander. 1) son of An-
timachus, a Trojan, slain by Agamcmnoa,
U. 11, 122. 2) son of Menelaus, a leader of
the Myrmidons, II. 16, 193. 3) a Trojan, IL
13, 601 seq. 4) son of Polyctor, a suitor of
Penelope, Od. 18, 299. 22,243.

TJEitftjvoQidfigf ov, 6, son of Pisenor = Ojps,
Od. 1, 429. 2, 347.

IlBiativmQ, OQOSy 6, 1) father of Clitus,
IL 15, 445. 2) a herald in Ithaca, Od. 2, 38.

IlBUjiatQatog, 6, the youngest son of Nes-
tor ; he travelled with Teleroachus to Sparta
and PhercB, Od. 3, 486. 15, 126.

netcfiu, aiog, to (nd&on), a cabUy a ropt,
espec. the rope with which the stem of the
ship was made fast to the land, * Od. 6, 269.
13, 77 ; [more prob. the anchor<abU, cf. Od.
9, 136. 137.]

fteiao/iati fut of 9ro(r/oD Emd nd&ta.

ni'X^y ep. ndnta, aor. 1 mid. int^afirpf, I)
Act. to shear, to pick, to comb ; cIj^mx, to card
wool, Od. 18, 316, in the cp. form. 2) Mid.
to comb oneself, jra^raff, 11. 14, 176.

neXdav, see ntXaZn,

nikayogy eog, to, the sea, espec the open,
high sea, in the plur. aXbg iv ntlayiaaiTj Od.
5, 335. h. Ap. 73.

IleXdyoav, ovtog, 6, a leader of the Vy-
lians, Od. 4, 295. 2) a Lycian, a companioa
of Sarpedon, IL 5, 695.

Digitized by


nsXa^a. 405

ntka^<ai (jiilaq\ aor. 1 iTriAaaer, ep. nUM-
aa ((Tcr), aiid. aor. 1 iniXafrafjLfjp^ aor. pass.
iTiBXaa^, ep. feyncop. aor. mid. inUifiip'^
from which ttA^to, plur. tiA^to, perf. pass.
TimXni^oq^ Od. 12, 108 ; also ep. form TrciUxik),
infin. nilaav^ h. 6, 44. I) Act 1) Trans, to
bring neaVy to cause to approach^ spoken of
things animate and inanimate: tiviy or xi
Tin, II. 2, 744. Od. 3, 300 j ytvgriy (lai^, to
bring the string to the breast, U. 4, 123 ; riva
X^oyi or oS^ei, to stretch one upon the earth,
IL 8, 277; ioTW urroddxi;, to let down the
mast into the receptacle, II. 1, 434 ; metaph.
TivU odvpjiiTiy to put any one in pangs, II. 5,
766 ; sometimes absol. without dat and ac-
cus. IL 15, 418. 21, 93. b) Instead of the
dat. in the Od. dg t«, ty tm, Od. 7, 254. 10,
404 ; Jtya ovdagSB, Od. 10, 440 ; tivit ^«t)^o,
Od. 5, 111. 2) Intrans. to near, to approach,
Od. 12, 41 ; with dat y^Wcr*, U. 12, 112. II)
Mid. 1) Intrans. espec. in the aor. 1 pass,
and ep. aor. mid. to approach, to come near,
to go to, absol. U. 12, 420; with dat. U. 5, 282.
nlrfTox^oyl, he sank to the earth, U. 14, 438;
ovdti, V. 467. aanidfg tJiXr^yi aUr^hivi, the
shields pressed upon one another, 11. 4, 449.
2) Trans, to bring near, to came to approach,
only in the aor. itxa yijvaly, to convey any
one to the ships, U. 17, 341.

Titkag, adv. near, close by, Od. 10, 516, with
gen. T/iXffiixov niXag, ♦Od. 15, 257.

IleXaayixog, i/, oV, Pelasgian, to mlatr'
yixcv 'Agyog, the Pelasgian Argos in Thes-
aaly, II. 2, 681 (see "Jt^yog). 2) 6 mXaayt-
x6^, an appell. of Jupiter in Dodona, II. 16,

UBkcusyoiy oi, the Pelasgi, one of the
oldest and greatest of the tribes of Greece.
They dwelt originally in the Peloponnesus,
in Thessaly and Epirus, II. 2, 681. 16, 234.
Thence they spread themselves to Asia Mi-
nor, espec. about Larissa, 11. 2, 840 ; to Crete.
Od. 19, 177. Accord, to Hdt 1, 56. 57, they
were the aboriginal inhabitants of the coun-
try. They were probably a different race
from the Hellenes, and migrated from Asia
into Greece. The name is derived from nt-
lal^y ; it signifies, therefore, one approach-
ing, a stranger, and accord, to Strab. V. p.
221, it is equivalent to Iltlagyol,

* neXam, poet form of ntXalta, q. v.

ntXe^Qor, to, poet for nXi&goy, an acre,
a piece of tand, prob. as much as one can


plough in a day with a team, II. 21, 407. Od.
11, 577.

niXeia, 17 (ntXog, niXiog), the mid dove, of
a bluish color, II. 21, 493. Od. 15, 527.

neXstdgf ddog, fi^^niXeia, only in the
plur. II. 11, 634. 5, 778.

neXBxifo {niXatvg), aor. 1 httXsxr^cL, ep.
7rcA€xxi7<rot, to ad vriih an axe, to hew, X'*^H*
dovQa, Od. 5, 244 ; f in the ep. form.

nsXixxfjae, see nthxam,

fitXeitor, to, ep. niXexxoy {niXtxvg), the
helve or handle of an axe, II. 13, 612. f

neXenvg, eog, 6, dat plur. neXixsirai, an
axe, for carpenter's work and for the slaugh-
ter of victims, II. 13, 391. Od. 3, 499 ; a bat-
Ue-axe, only II. 15, 711.

tgeXefuCoHf ep. aor. 1 ntXifii^a, aor. pass,
ep. neUfdx&riy, 1) to put in violent motion,
to wave, to cause to tremble, to shiike, with
accus. oigiaxoy, II. 13, 443 ; <raxog, 11. 16, 108 ;
vXfp^, IL 16, 766 ; to^oy, to shake a bow, spo-
ken of one who attempts to draw it, Od. 21,
125. Pass, to put oneself in violerU motion, to
tremble, to shake, spoken of Olympus, IL 8,
443; often aor. to be violenily repulsed, niXi-
filx&Tj xaa<rdfi(yog, II. 4, 535. 5, 626.

neXiaxBo, see niXofiai,

fteXev, see niXofiai,

TleXir^g, ov, 6, Ion. for IltXlag, son of Cre-
theus, or, according to fable, of Neptune and
Tyro, sovereign of lolcos. He wrested from
his brother .^^on the dominion of lolcos, and
also banished his other brother, Neleus. Ja-
son, the son of .^Ison, he compelled to under-
take the expedition to Colchis, Od. 11,254 seq.

fiiXXa, ^, a milk-pail, a vessel for milking,

TleiX^yij, fj, a city in Achaia, between Si-
cyon and ^gira, in the time of Strabo a vil-
lage ; now, the ruins near Trikala, II. 2, 574.

* IleXonofvrjaog, 17, the Peloponnesus, Pe-
lops' island. It received this name from the
Phrygian Pelops ; earlier it was called *jink^
HsXaayla, "ji^yog, h. Ap. 250. 290.

niXoypy onog, 6, son of Tantalus, husband
of Hippodamia, father of Atreus, Thyestes,
etc. Expelled from Phrygia, he went with
a colony to Elis, to king (Enomaus. He won
in a race his daughter Hippodamia, together
with the kingdom of Elis, and extended his
dominion over the greater part of the Pelo-
ponnesus, so that this peninsula received a
name from him, IL 2, 104 acq

Digitized by VjOOQ IC




nekiOf comm. nilofiui, depon. mid. poet
only pres. and imperf. Of Uie act 3 sing,
pres. niUiy imperf. 3 sing niX^v and tnU,
More frequently the mid. in the imperf. also
syncop. forms : 2 dng. snAco, contr. tnXtv,
3 sing. tjiUtOy ep. iterat ntUintto, II. 22, 433 ;
ep. imperat. niUv for nilov, 1) Prop, to be
in moiionj to stir oneself^ to move onesdf,
rarely: mlsi xXayyti oifgopo&i tiqo, the cry
rose to heaven, II. 3, 3. cf. Od. 13, 60. II. 11,
392. 2) Comm. to be, like versari, with the
implied idea of motion, a) With eubst oU
fiwyij xai Bvxtolri TtiXsv, II. 4, 450. IttjUt lip-
yov mtaaiv, now was work for all, IL 12,
271. b) With adj. lovro 5ri ouunnov TtiXBiai
figojolai, this is most pitiable to mortals, II.
22, 76. aio d' l» nana TtiXovraif from thee
comes every thing, II. 13, 632. c) With adv.
x<xxd)$ niUi avtfi, it goes ill with it (the bird),
II. 9, 324. 3) = shai: rov S" i^ a(fyv^tog
^vfiog Ttiksv, and attached to it was a silver
pole, [or, from it proceeded a silver pole,] U.
5, 729. (On the imperf. which seems to
stand as a pres. see Eahner Gram. § 332. 4.
Rost § 116, p. 574.)

ftikcDQ, only nom. and accus. a mdnster, a
prodigy, spoken of the Cyclopes, Od.9, 428;
of Scylla, Od. 12,87; of the serpent Python,
h. Ap. 374; of Vulcan, II. 18, 410.

TteXoigiog, ti, of (niXo^g), monstrous, very
great, gigantic, prodigioua, spoken of every
thing remarkable for its size ; of persons and
things, fyxo?, II. 5,594; Xaag, Od. 11,594.
S'ovfia TCBXtugiov, a prodigious spectacle, Od.

fitXo}QOf, T0== TtAooQ, a monster, a prodi-
gy, Gorgo, II. 5, 741 ; a large stag, Od. 10,
168. deiva nilaga, frightful prodigies of the
gods, n. 2, 321 ; spoken of the men changed
into brutes by Calypso, Od. 10, 219.

niXmQog, 9/, of » nEXoigioe, monstrous,
epith. of a serpent, II. 12, 202 ; of a goose,
Od. 15, 161. Neut niXtoQa as adv. h. Merc.
225. Subst a monster, spoken of the Cy-
clops, Od. 9, 257. (In Hom.?r^iU»^o^ is com-
mon gend., see Od. 19, 161 ; in Hesiod we
find also ntXta^.)

nefATtd^OficUy mid. (nifmt, 7r^t€),only aor.
mid. Bubj.7re/u7ra(ro-eT0», with shortened mood-
vowel, to count'on the five fingers, and gener.

fisfintaiog, ij, 09 (nifiTttog), on the fifth
day, adj. for adv. Od. 14, 257. t

nifunoQy tjj w (nim), the fifth, XL ntfi-
inog luxa tolaiy, Od. 9, 335. h. Ven.

nifinm, fut nsfufm, aor. 2 hiifi^fix, ep.
nifupa, also mid. to send, i. e. 1) to send
away, to dismiss, to send to, spoken of persons
and things: rara or tlitvi; xaxov itwi, IL 15,
109 ; also a) With prep. ignoXt/ior, U. la
237 ; ig Xgvoip^, IL 1, 390; inl tu^a, a^insi
or upon any one, IL 10, 464 ; M rtri, to any
one, U. 2, 6. b) With adv. hf&adsj oXxaUt,
noUftovde. c) With infin. (piqetp, in order to
bring, IL 16, 454; &r«(j^«*, II. 16, 675. cf. IL
7, 227. 18, 240. 2) to send away from one-
self, to let go, to dismiss, to send home, Od.i
29. 13, 39. 3) to escort, to accompany, IL 1,
390. 6, 255. 11, 626 ; also to send with, elfio-
T«, Od. 16^ 83.

nefmsi^oXo9, to (nirrt, oflBXog), a fori
with five prongs or tines, used espec. in sac-
rifices, IL 1, 463. Od. 3, 460.
ner&eistop, see nsr&ivi,
mv&egSgy 6 (nof&ito), the wife^s father, a
father-vn4aw, II. 6, 170. Od. 8, 582.

fief&em, ep. ntv&slw, IL 23, 283 (nh&o;)^
infin. pres. nsp&i^fuifai, ep. for ntp&tiw, Od.
18, 174 ; aor. infin. nty'^^oat, 1) Intrans. to
mourn, to grieve, Od. 19, 120. 2) Trans, to
bewail, to lament, tivd, II. 23^ 285; vixtv /a-
ojiQi, one dead with the stomach, L e. to
mourn for* by fasting, II. 19, 225.

nif^og, eog, to, sorrow, grief, lamenta-
tion, ntp&og jivog, grief for any one, II. 11,
249. Od. 24, 423.

nevifjt ly (nivofxat), poverty, penury, Od.
14, 157. t

nenxQog, if, ow, poet for nev^g, poor, needi/y

nhofioi, depon. only pres. and imperf., to
earn one's support by labor; hence gener.

1) to labor, to be emjdoyed, IL 1, 3ia Od. m
347 ; negl n, about any thing, Od. 4, 621

2) Trans, to prepare, to make ready, with
accus. espec. dalra, dtinvov, 11. 18, 558. Od.
4, 428.

nevtasrt^Qog, 09, poet (srog), five years
old, of five years, fiovg, vg, IL 2, 403. Od. li

nevtaer^g, eg (Ito?), five years old, from
which adv. nerratisg, &we years long, Od. 3,
115. t

mrraxa, adv. (nim), five fold, in fict
parts, noofATi&tmg, IL 12, 87. t

nevtB, indeclin.^e, IL and Od.

Digitized by VjOOQ IC




nzvjr(^ovxo,y indecl.^/y, II. and Od.

jrej'TJ^oyTopoff, oy, poet, (/va), hxxmn^
fifty acres^ tifispog, II. 9, 579. t

nevr^oaioiy a*, a, ep. for n^nax., five
hundred, Od. 3, 7. t (Nitzsch conjectures
ihe reading ehould be nsvirixoaivg.)

Ttsna^iay see naaxot.

* nenaivoa (nijKov), to make ripe, pass, to
become ripe, from which aor. 1 pass, optat 3
plur. nmavS-etsv, Ep. 14, 3.

ntnaXayfiai^ see naXavtrta,

* nsnoQrjd'og, ^, one of the Cyclades,
famed for its wine, now Scopilo, h. Ap. 32.

mnoQiiivogt see n%lqm,
mttiafifiVy see Ttariofjuxi,
nenBQrm^og^ see mqiia,
nmiiyBy see miyvvfn,
mm&siVf see nei&w.
mm&fUVy see Tie/i^w.
nem&i^aoo, see ;r€/^o) and niBESl,
ninXfjjov, see nli^airti.
nBftXriydgy see jrAiJacrw.
nsnlfjfievog, see 7r«Aa«.
ninXog, o, 1) the upper garment of wo-
men, an* ample robe of fine texture, which
was thrown over the other clothing, and
covered the whole body, II. 6, 734. Od. 6, 38.
18, 292 ; [fastened at the breast with a brooch
or clasp, II. 5, 425. 14, 180.] 2) Gener. a
covering, a carpet, for covering a chariot, IL
5, 194. 24, 796; also to spread over a chair,
Od. 7, 96.
ninvvfiaiy see nvifa,
ninot^a, see ntl&a,
ninovba^ see wac/oi.
ninoa^e, see naaxm.
nenoji^ataiy see Ttotdofiai.
neTT^mfievog, ninQtaxOy see tto^oi.
nintanai, see niTawvfiu
nBTm^ta, see tt/zttoj.
nsftrijcig, see Trnjo-crw.
nBTrvd-oito, see nw&avofiai,
niftvafACUf see nw-&avo(iai,
niniovy ovog^ 6, ^ (ttsWw), prop, cooked
by the sun; hence, ripe, meUaw, tender;
spoken of fruits, in Horn, always metaph. in
an address: 1) In a good sense, oi ninop,
friend, companion, beloted, II. 5, 109. 15, 437;
and nfU nijiov, Od. 9, 447. 2) In a bad
sense: dastard, coward, 112,235; (accord,
to Vo88. also IL 13, 120.)

neQf an enclitic peutide, shortened fiom
zt^if eignifies prop, thrauj^ and through,

throughout J it strengthens the word to which
it is annexed, in respect to the compass of
the idea. It eignifies hence: 1) very, en-
tirely, when it stands by itself) without refer-
ence to another thought; a rare and only
ep. use is with adj. and adv.: ay a&og 7if(}
iaiv, very good, U. 1, 131; cf. Od. 1, 315.
(pgadfimy nsg, U. 16, 638. insi fl IrexsV /e
(jtivvp^adiov 7i$Q iona, being very short-
lived, IL 1, 352. fdvw&u niq, very short,
II. 1, 416. hUyov mg, IL 11, 391. 2) More
frequently in the ep. language it is used
in reference to another thought : a) If
the two corresponding ideas, of which one
is to be supplied, be concordant, nig has an
enhancing force : entirely, indeed, xal airoi
Ttsg noviwfu&Vj let ourselves indeed, (not
merely others) work, IL 10,70; oVxads ntq
vitafieS^Uf let us all of us return home, IL 2,
236. b) If the two ideas are antithetical,
nig signifies by all means yet, at least, ind
fi STSxig yB fjtiyvy&adiov ntg iovxa, TifAtpf nig
fjiot oquXXsy 'OXvfmiog fyyvaXliou, Jupiter
should yet have by all means accorded honor
to me, II. 1, 353. cf. IL 9, 301. c) Espec. it
then stands with particip. and signifies, how
mudi soever, aUfumgh, though: Ufitifdq mg,
however much thou desirest ; ixvvfiBvog ntg,
although grieved ; oinofievog iteg. 3) Very
oden Tiig stands afler conjunct or relatives :
1) If the two members of a sentence, or the
sentences relating to each other are con-
cordant, Tiig signifies, entirely, by aU means,
throughout; ogntg^ the very same, who, in
like manner olog ntg; onov nig^ whereso-
ever: o&sy ntg, whencesoever, etc. 2) In
antithetic members nig signifies ^U, cdso ;
o(migj who yet ; Eineg, although, q. v. ; conf.
Kuhner § 595. Rost § 133.

ftegdav, see ntgaof.

IleQai^ol, Of, poet for Utg^tfloi, the
Perrhcebi, inhabitants of Perrhsebia in Thes-
saly. They dwelt first on the Peneus, as far
as the sea ; subsequently being driven back
by the Lapithee, farther in the interior, IL 2,
749 ; [the comra. form h. ApolL 218.]

mgouom (negdiog), aor. pass. nsgau»&iv'
Ttg, I) to convey over, to bring over; pass.
to pass over, to travel over, Od. 24^ 437. f

no^dtrj^ 1^, fern, from nigatog, subaud. yi
or /cjpa, the region beyond, the country oppo-
site, espec. the opposite quarter of the hea-
vens, i» negaTTf, aa opposed to ^Hiig, in the

Digitized by VjOOQ IC





western sky (V. * at the end of the path')i | With gen. 1) Spoken of place: a)ToinJ
Od. 23, 243. t ' cate existence about an object, poet, ap-

Tregdoi (ni^a)y pres. infin. nt(^iuv, ep. fur > rare: around, jetavwrio ygt^l <ntBiovg Tt(if$l:
TisQav, iterat imperf. TtiQaaaxi, fut. 7ti(frf<rw, I around the caves, Od. 5, 68. nt^l igoTsa.
1) Intrans. to pierce through^ to go through^ j fifflaiag, riding upon the keel, Od.5, 130. 2

to pass tfironghy spoken of missiles, absol. II.
21, 594; dia XQOxacpoio, 11.4,563; of the rain.

In causative relation, in manifold applic:.-
tions: a) In presenting an object, about

Od. 5, 480; with accus.of the place, odovxag, which as a centre the action moves, almost
II. 5, 291; oaiiov flam, 11.4,460. 6, 10; hence ; like afitpi, around^ abouty concerning^ for.

gener. to go through, to pass through, to steer
through, spoken of persons : novtov, Od. 24,
118; Ta<p^ov, to pass over the ditch, 11. 12,

over, before, a) Almost local, still with verb*
signif to fight, to contend in order to plunder,
to defend, or to protect: fiaj^&r&ai ^c^« n^oc.

63 ; nvlag 'Aidao, to pass through the gates j to fight about the ship, IL 16, 1. ni^l &arm-
of Pluto, 11. 5, 646; also absol. with prep.: ; tog, II. 8, 476. negl xqlnodog &iuf, to run for
dia'SlxsavoXo, through Oceanus, Od. 10, 508; I a tripod, IL 11, 700. fia/ta&at negl tioIm;
inl novToVf to sail over the sea, 11.2,613. 2) I to fight for the city, II. 17, 147. ifimff&(b
Trans, only poet to convey through, to con- sre^i non^, to withstand for the country, I!.

duct through, tl xara detqtjg, h. Merc. 133 ;
perhaps also, 11. 5, 291.

negifa {"tiga), aor. htigaaa, ep. <r(7, perf.
pass. TisnigrifMai, IL 21, 58; ^ the later ni-
ngdimto, prop, to bring over for sale ; hence,
to sell, with accus., II. 21, 102. h. Cer. 132;
ttva ArjfAvoy, to sell any one to Lemnos, II.
21, 40; or ig ^fjfivov, v. 58, and Ttgog ddfiaTa,
Od. 15, 387. The pres. negdm does not oc-
cur ; for which we have the poet form ndg-

nigyafiog, ij (among later writers to JIsq-
yafiov and la Jligyafia), the citadel of Ilium,
see "litog, IL 4, 508. 5, 446. 460.

Tlegyaaidrigf ov, 6, son of Perga8us =
Detcoon, II. 5, 535.

nsQijv, ep. and Ion. for nigav, prep, with
gen. 1 ) beyond, on the other side, II. 24, 752.
2) opposite to; EvPolrjg, *IL 2, 535.

negrjaefiBvai, see ntgdw.

neg&ai, see Ttig&a.

neg&cOf fut nigata, aor. 1 BTtsgaa, aor. 2
mgad^ov, mid. fut with pass, signif. itigaoiiat,
infin. of the syncop. aor. 2 nigd-ai, 1) to lay
waste, to destroy, to desolate, spoken only of
cities and countries, with accus. noXiv, U. 2,
660. Od. 1, 2. ov vv TO* «3cra, noXiv Ttig&ai
Tgdnav, it is not appointed to thee by fate
to destroy the city of the Trojans, IL 16, 708.
Pass. IL 2, 374. 4, 291. itoXvg nigosTai, IL 24,
729. 2) to piUage, to plunder, rl ix noUm,
IL 1, 125.

n^gif I) Prep, with gen. dat and accus.
primar. signif. round about, spoken both of
the full circumference of an object, as also of
only that pari en^raced by one view. A)

12, 142. 243. p) With verbs of hearing,
knowing, saying, asking, etc. dxovtiv^ ubim
TtBgi Tivog, to hear of or about any one, CKl.
19, 270. 17, 563. Bgtir&ai negl nttr^, to ask
about one's father, Od. 1, 135. /) WiiL
verbs denoting anxiety or fear: fug/nigiifo
ntgi TiTog, to be concerned about anyone
II. 20, 17. d) In assigning the reason or mo-
tive : on account of, out of n%g\ igidog (idx^
ir&at, to contend out of strife, IL 7, 301. 6
In indicating worth and preference : aboc-.
before (pra). nsgl nvafttav sfifitrat uHttf,
to be above all, to excel all, IL 1, 287, 417.
Od.1,66. fi) With dat 1) Spoken of place,
in indicating continuance in the immediatt
region or vicinity of an object : abouty around
about, nigl aTrj&satrt, nsgl /got ; aoTtcugut
nsgl dovgl, to palpitate about the spear, 11.
13, 570. nsgl dovgl nenagfiivfi, pierced about
the spear, i. e. pierced by the spear, IL 21.
577. kXurirofisyfi nsgl xoDn'oi, IL 1, 317. nsgi
xTigi, in the heart, (accord, to Thiersch § 264.
1, and Spitzner ad IL 4,46; on the other
hand. Wolf tt^*, see xijg), at, near, nsgl ix-
Xjiaiv, II. 18, 453. nsgl xn% IL 22, 95. 2) In
a causative relation, like ctfttpl, with dat a.
Inr assigning the object which occasioned the
action, almost local : about, concerning, iii-
XSiT&ai nsgl rivi, Od. 17, 471. nsgl daiTi, Od.
2, 245. dsduvai nsgl Tin, to fear for any one,
IL 10, 240. b) In aBsigning a cause or res-

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