G. Ch. (Gottlieb Christian) Crusius.

A complete Greek and English lexicon of the poems of Homer and the Homeridae ... from the German of G. Ch. Crusius online

. (page 76 of 100)
Online LibraryG. Ch. (Gottlieb Christian) CrusiusA complete Greek and English lexicon of the poems of Homer and the Homeridae ... from the German of G. Ch. Crusius → online text (page 76 of 100)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

son ; on account of, by, ariCw&ai n^l Sff.
nv^, to be confounded by smoke, IL 8^ 183
(Wolf: vno xanr^). nsglzdgfunt, (br joy, h.
Cer. 249. C) With accus. 1) Of place: a)
T6 indicate a motion in the circumference or

Digitized by VjOOQ IC




vicinity of an object : aJbout^ round about, nt-
q\ (pgsvag ^ivd-' itori, the shout came round
about the senses, II. 10, 139. b) Comm. to
indicate quiet continuance: about, through,
at. hnafitva^ neql toIxov, to stand round
about the wall, II. 18, 374. ntgl riva o*-
ivHv, II. 3, 408. 2) In a causative relation
in assigning the object to which the action
relates : abotU, novtUr&at nfgl dogna, btibiv
Ttfgl Ttvxsa, II. 24, 444. 15, 555. N. B. tisqI
may stand after the subst in any case, and
is then in anastrophe. II) Adv. 1) round
(ibout, around, beside, near, II. 1, 236. Od. 9,
184 ; also ntgl j ifupl re, h. Cer. 277. 2)
above, beyond ; hence, especially, exceeding-
ly^ excellently, very much, in this sign if. it
should always be written ndgty II. 1, 161. Od.

I, 66. Ill) In composition it has the signif.
of the adv.

fTfQi, in anastrophe stands : 1) When it
stands after its subst II. 5, 739. 7, 301.
2) When as an adv. it means, especially,
very much, for the most part; espec. after
nigi, x^Qi, ed. Wolf j see xtfQ and nsgl, 3)
When it stands for ntqlt(Tu,

nsQidypvfu (ayyvfit)^ to break round about ;
pass, metaph. to break, spoken of the voice:
'£xTOQog (sc. oiff) nfgiaypvxai, Hector's voice
breaks round about, i. e. resounds round
about, II. 16, 77. f

* neQia}Xogf 7], ov (allog), above others ;
only in neut. plur. as adv. ntglalXa, chiefy,
remarkably, h. 18, 46.

TteQi^aivoa (/Ja/yw), only aor. 2 ntgl^rfv,
without augm. part TtfQifiag, l)togo about,
to walk arotmd, to defend any one, absol.,

II. 8, 331. 13, 420. 2) to step before any one,
hence : to protect, to shelter, rivog, one, II. 5,
21; and TiW, II. 17, 80. 313.

nsQi^dlXoD (/JaUw), aor. 2 iteQif^aXoy, al-
so mid. 1) ^0 cast about, to ptU about, with
accus., II. 18, 479 ; absol. in tmesis, nsUrfii
Ttyog, to draw a rope about anything, Od.
22, 466. 2) to cast out beyond; hence, to
excel, to overmatch, tiva tivi, any one in any
thing, Od. 15, 17; without accus. to be supe-
rior in any thing, II. 23, 276. Mid. to cast
about oneself, to put on, with accus. r$vzBa,
Od. 22, 148 ; il ttn ; ^Upog ufiotg, to put the
sword on the shoulders, only in tmesis, Od.
10, 262.

UeQi^oia, ^, 1) daughter of Acessame-
0119, who bore Pelagon to Axius, H. 21, 142.

2) Daughter of Eurymedon, king of the
giants, mother of Nausithous by Neptune,
Od. 7, 58.

ntQiyiyvoiiat (yl/pofjiat), aor. nsQisysv6f$>iy,
prop, to be above; hence, to overmatch, to
excel, rtvog tm, any one in any thing, U. 23,
318. Od. 8, 102. 252.

mQiyXayrig, ig, poet (yXayog), full of milk,
niXXai, II. 16, 642. f

fieQtyvdfinta) (yvdfnrta), to bend around,
to sail around, MaXsiay, Od. 9, 80. f

nsQidcidoi, poet. (Ssidw), only aor. negid-
dnoa, part, mglddtiaag, and perf. nsgidelSM,
with pres. signif to fear greatly, to be very
anxious, iivl, for any one, U. 11, 508; and
often ; more rarely ii/fog, on any one's ac-
count, II. 10, 93. 17, 240.

neQide^iog, ov {dehog), having both hands
right hands, dexterous with each hand, II.
23, 163. t

fteQididmfJti (didatfn), only mid. fut nigidto-
oofiat, aor.subj. 1 dual ntqidtufud-Wy to stake,
to wager, with gen, pret jqlnodog ^i Xifititog,
II. 23, 485. ifii&iv ntqiddooisat avj^g, I will
wager myselfj i. e. I will put my life in pledge,.

neQidlnoa (divioi), aor. pass, nigl^^ni&^
rrir, to turn around in a circle ; pass, to tian
oneself around, noXtv, to run round about the
city, II. 22, 165. t

nsQidQafJioy, see ntQitgixto,

nsQidgofiogy ov (nsgidgufislv), 1) Act.
running around, rounded, circular, nXiifivot,
ScvtvyEg, II. 5, 726. 728. 2) Pass, that may be
run around, i. e. accessible, lying open, xoAcui^,
11.2,812; avX^', Od. 14, 7.

TtBQidqvnttio {Jiq\nnm)t ep. aor. pass, ntqt-
dgvff&rpf, to tear round about ; pass, to be torn
or lacerated; ayxchag, to injure the elbows,
11. 23, 395. t

ftSQidvoD (Svoi), aor. 1 ep. negldvoa, to
draw out round about, to draw off" (else-
where arrsdvat), with accus. x^'^^f^f 11. 11,
100. t

nsQidoifjie&ov, see niqididmfii,

neguldov {ElJSl), defect, aor. 2 in Horn,
only perf. ntgloida, infin. mgttdfttvm, ep. for
nsQisidivai, pluperf. mgtffitiv, 3 sing, negi^drj^
with pres. signif. to know better, to understand
better, with infin. U. 10, 247; with accus. of
the thing and gen. of the pers. nvog, than
another, Od. 3, 244. b) to be more inteUigent
in any tiling, to be wiser in anything, tiW,

Digitized by V3 ^ oj >




Od. 17, 317. PovX]i ntQiidfitvai aXlotv, to ex-
cel others in counsel, IL 13, 728.

TKQUtfii {ilftl), 1) to be above, i. e. io be
more excellent than any one, to excels to be
tuperior, with gen. of the pere. and accus.
of the thing: q>^irag, voov, in intelligence,
wisdom, Od. 18, 248. 19, 326. II. 1,268; in

TtEQUTZOHy only in tmesis, see cttiu, II. 15,

n^QiijlOi (?f«), only aor. 2 ep. mid. ntqi-
axoftrp', imperat nifflax^o, lo encompass^ to
embrace. Mid. to hold oneself around any-
thing, i. e. to embrace protectingly any one,
to protect, to shelter any one, with gen. of
pers. II. 1, 393; with accus. Od. 9, 199.

IleQii^Qfjg, ovgy 6, father of Borus, 11. 16,

* neQi^afOfoigf poet adv. {Safi$yitg), very
powerfully, very vehemenily, h. Merc. 495.

neQui^m {hx^^\ ^^r* ^^(^^VX^^'^f ^o resotoid
round abend, to roar, to rattle, II. 7, 267. t

neQiidfierat, see TttQindov.

ne{)u<jrrifn (larrjfii), aor. 2 TTtglajriv, ep. for
negiifnriy, subj. nsqiGiriOiat for TtiQurxwcr^,
optat ntgunaUVf aor. 1 mid. nfQKnr^aafAfjv,
aor. pass, mgwtu&tjv, Horn, only intrans.
aor. 2 act mid. and aor. pass. : 1) to place
oneself about, to stand about, II. 4, 532 ; also
aor. pass. Od. 11, 243. 2) to place oneself
about any one or any thing, to surround him,
to encircle, with accus. fioifv 7rf(noTt;(r«yTo,
they placed themselves around the ox, IL 2,
410 ; tiva, II. 17, 95. Od. 20, 60.

neQtxaXXr^gy eg (xaXog), very beautiful,
exceedingly beautiful, fascinating, comm.
epith. of things; more rarely spoken of per-
sons, II. 5, 389. Od. 11, 281. h. Merc. 323.

nBQwaXvTrttDy only in tmesis, see xaXvmm.

TiEQixeifiai, depon. mid. (xelfiai), to lie
around any tiling, to surround, to embrace,
with dat To|w, Od. 21, 54; riyi, to hold any
one encompassed, II. 19, 4; metaph. ne^l-
KHTal fiol Tif something lies round about me,
i. e. I have an advantage or benefit, it is an
advantage to, IL 9, 321.

TtEQixrjdofiai, mid. (xij^w), to be very anx-
iotis, to be troubled, rivog, about any one, Od.
3, 219; TUfl pioTov, to be anxious for any one
concerning property, * Od. 14, 527.

TteqixtiXog, or, poet (xi^Xov), parclied,very
dry, ♦Od. 5, 240. 18,309.

TJeQixkvfAeyog, 6, sonof Neleus and Pero;

he had received from Neptune, the ^t of
metamorphosing himself into many forms.
Od. 11, 286.

* fieQixXvatogy 17, ov (xXv^ui), vDcuhedon
all sides by the leaves, sea-girt, ^^ikog, h. Ap.

neqixlvrog^ 69 (xXurog), heard on all side?,
hence: speaking hud, singing loud; it is thus
explained as an epith. of aoidog, Od. 1, 32a
(V. on the other hand *far celebrated*),
comm., 2) heard of round about, L e. cele-
brated, famous, glorious, epith. of persons
and things, 11. 1, 607. 7, 299,

TteQixtsivta, only in tmesis, 6ee xr^h^

TteQixrioveg, oi (xTtfio), only plur. thcte
dwelling round about, neighbors, IL 19, IW;
also as adj. with ir&Qmiot, Od. 2, 65 ; irri-
xov^oi, IL 17, 220.

fiBQixrhai, wr, 01, ep. = nt^ixTlor^, W.
11, 288. t

fteqiXeTta, only in tmesis, see Unm.

neQtfiaifidm, ep. (/<a</iaeti)» only pres. part
ep. TttQifiatficmaa for nf^tfiaiftaot^Fa, to make
a noise round about, to seek eagerly round
about, with accus. trxoTrtXov, Od. 12, 95. t

TTSQifierQog, o» (fiirgoy), immensely great
ft(7Tdv,*Od.2, 95. 19, 140.

neQifiridTjgy eog, 6 (very wise, see /ui^doc).
1) a companion of Ulysses, Od. 11, 23. 2)
father of Schedius, II. 15, 515.

niQifitixBtog, ov, poet = nfQiftTiXtfg; ^Imr,^
II. 14, 287 ; TrjxyfTov, Od. 6, 103.

nsQifitlxr^g, tg (fi^xog), very long, very high,
spoken of mountains, IL 13, 65. Od. 13, 1S3;
of the wand of Circe, Od. 10, 293 ; of the
neck of Scylla, Od. 12, 90,

asQifirixavdofiai, depon. mid. 0»w<n^)«
3 plur. pres. neQifitjxctyotjrrai, ep. resolved :
to prepare craftily on all sides; gener. to
resolve upon aaftily, tl, Od. 7, 200 ; dovluv
rffiOQ uvi, * Od. 14, 340.

niQi/iog, 6, son of Meges, a Trojan, skuc
by Patroclus, IL 16, 695.

ntQivouerafOy poet {vuwtavii), to dtttU
refund about, * Od. 2, 66. 8, 651. 2) Intraofv
to be inhabited, to lie, spoken of cities, Od. 4,

TreQiyaurijg, ov, 6, poet (reuw), one of
those dwelling round about, a neighbor^ It
24, 488. t

TieQiietTTog, ij, or (leoroc), hetted routsi
about, smoothed, smooth, nh^, Od. 12, 79. t

neQiOida, see ^^^^-^^^i^

Digitized by VjOOv Ic

IltQmshyfiac. 411

neQinelofioi, depon. mid. poet {nilofieu),
only syncop. part itBQmXofjLevogy I) to turn
oneself araundj to roll around, to revolve in a
circle^ spoken of time : TtiQinkofiivonf ivutv-
riyj in the course of time, Od. 1, 76. II. 23,
833. h. Cer. 266. 2) Spoken of place, witli
accus. to go about any thing, to encompass^
IL 18, 220.

ntqinzvyLffiy eV, poet (Trevxij), very hitter,
very unpleasant, very painful, (iilog, IL 11,

845. t

nsQUiXeHeii (nXixat), only aor. pass. ep.
TttqmXdx^VP, without augm. to twistyaround,
to wind about ; pass, to wind oneself aboul
any thing, to coil or twine about, with dat
iaiw, Od. 14, 313 ; to embrace, yqnh * Od. 23,

ntqiaikri^fig, eg {nXr^&oq), very fuU^ very
poptdous, 'OQtvylii, Od. 15, 404. t

neQinXof/isvo^, see ncQiniXofjiat.

neQiiZQOy adv. (n^6), very much, exceed-
ingly, particularly, 11. 11, 180. 16, 699; ed.
Spitzner; in Wolf separated: ne^lngb.

TiSQiTtQoxi^ Ct*")* only part. aor. pass.
Ttfqi-xQoxv&slg, to pour round about; pass,
to pour oneself about, metaph. egog &vfi6v
:tiQiJtQoxv&slg idaftaatrBf love overpowered
my heart, poured about it, li. 14, 316. f

negt^w (^««)' imperf. nfql^^ee, to flow
round about, with accus. Od. 9, 388. f

nsQi^^tfifje, eg (ntgi^ia), falling about
any thing, ntgi^^diig Tf^amSp xannitn divrj-
^tkf staggering he fell prostrate upon the
table, Od. 22, 34. t

neQi^vjog, ov (v««), that is flooded all
around, seorgirt, epith. of Crete, Od. 19,
173. t

nfQtaaivei} (cra/yai), ep. TregnnTalym, only
pres. to wag with the tail around, to wheedle,
lofiatter, tiva, Od. 16, 4. 10; ov^ioiv, *0d.
10, 215.

mqiatm (fTilta), ep: ntQivirela, only ep.
form, to shake round about; only pass, to ^uJce
oneself round about, to wave, spoken of the
crest, ♦ II. 19, 382. 22, 315. h. 6, 4.

ftSQia^sveai, poet ((rd-tfyog), only part pres.
ntgifi&tvimy, to be superior, to be very strong,
Od. 22, 368. t

neQUTHenroSy ov {frxiTirofiai), to be seen
round about; hence, lying open, elevated,
(V. *wide looking,*) 'Od. 1, 426. 10, 211.

mgtaaaipia, poet for TtBQtoaiyta.


TtaQiaaHnOj poet for n^urtUa,

neQUfTodoVf adv. (nf^Cumipi), standing
around, II. 13, 514. t

neQicid&fj, see n$gu<nTifii.

neQiateixm (ore*/©), aor. 1 part ntQunBt-
iag for mQiiinsi^ag, to go round about, to
walk around, Od. 4, 277. f

neqiate^tii {oiiXXtai^y aor. 1 part n^urttl-
^or?, to dress, to clothe, espec. to dress a corpse,
with accus., Od. 24, 293. f

fiEQiarspaxi^oij poet (ojeyaxKot), only in
the mid. pres. and imperf. to resound round
about, to echo, with dat. noocriy, from the feet,
Od. 23, l47; and in tmesis, Od. 10, 454. dc^
/ta ntQuntyaxl^eTai avXfj, the house resound-
ed round about in the court-yard, Od. 10, 10.
Thus Wolf; on the contrary, Voss and Bothe
aAer Odd. : avhi i. e. aifX^ei, with the sound
of flutes.

TteQtaTSvm (trwoi), 1) == oieyaxlifo, to
groan around, to echo around, with accus. h.
Ap. 18, 21. 2)=s<ntly(a, only mid. mqiaxi-
yexai yaoxfig, the stomach is too small, is
filled up, II. 16, 163. t

neQUJTi^coci, see ntqCurtrniu

neQMrecpG} (ojiipai), to crown round about,
to surround, xl tiyi, any thing with another,
Od. 5, 303. t

neQictovaxl^CDj an old reading lor ntgt-
(Ttsy., Od. 10, 454. 23, 146.

fieQictQeq}0} (crr^cyw), part aor. mgiaxQl'
fpag, to turn round about, to whirl around, with
accus. dlaxoy, Od. 8, 189 ; xiya /c*^/, II. 19,
131. h. 2, 409. Pass. (luXa aixa niqurxQixfixai
xvxofoyxif sc. yaXa, very quickly is it stirred
by the mixer, II. 5, 903 ; the reading ntqi-
TQBfpsxai is better, according to Eustath. to
curdle, to coagulate.

neqiaxeoy see n((}ux(a,

neQitifAveo, ep. and Ion. for Trs^m/iya)
{xipvfa), to cut off round about, hence mid.
to cut off any thing for oneself, and bear away
as booty : to plunder, to pillage, /JoiJ^, * Od.
11, 402. 24, 112 ; conf. xsfivia,

neqiteXXoiiaiy depon. mid. {xbUm), poet
only pres. to accomplish its course, to roll
around, to revolve* a^ nii^ixeXXofUyov txtog,
the year rolling round again, Od. 11, 295.
14, 294. 7iegix$XXofiiyioy hiavx&y, in the
course of years, i. e. as often as the day of
the feast returned, II. 2, 551; conf. 8, 404.
418 ; see negiTtiXoftat.

fKQm&ijIAt, only in tmesis, see xl&t^pi.

Digitized by VjOOQIC


* TteQuTfi^ag, Baaa, if (tw«*«), greatly
honored, highly valued^ b. Ap. 65.

9t£QitQin<o (T^iTTO)), ooly intrans. to turn
oneself about, to return, in tmesis, Od. 10,
469 ; t see t^'ttoo.

ntQiTQetpa {-i^iqxo), to cause to curdle or
congeal round aboiU ; pass, to curdle or con-
geal round about, tiyj, any thing, oanuaai
nfQn^q>eTo tt^wnaUo^, the ice formed round
about the shields, Od. 14, 477; f and U. 5,
903; see 7ttffiai^q>m,

negirQiX^ ('^(f^X^)^ lo run round about, in
tmesis, n^il d* Bd^vfie^ II. 14, 413. f

nBQiTQm^ poet (t^sco), aor. ep. niglx^Bva,
to tremble round about, to scatter in every di"
reciion in terror, 11. 11, 676. t

neQitQOfJiiofiai, depon. mid. (rgofiia ^
j^ifMi), to tremble round about, aagxtg Tit^i-
jQOfuovto luksircriy, upon the limbs, Od. 18,

77. t

fUQirqonim, ep. and Ion. for ntqixf^inui,
only part. pres. 1) to turn oneself around,
to accomplish a course, to revolve, spoken of
time, II. 2, 295. 2) Spoken of persons : to
turn in every direction, (if,Xa ntqtXQoniortfg
iXavvo/wf, we drove the sheep away, i. e.
very circuitously, Od. 9, 465; with accus.
qfvla ay&gfoTtuv, to have commerce amongst
the tribes of men, h. Merc. 542.

nsQiTQOXog, or (^gix^\ running around in
a circle, hence circular, IL 23, 455. f

neQupaitOfiai, pass. {<faivw), to appear
round about, to be visible round about, only
part, ntgifpaivofuvov; ogog, a far-seen moun-
tain, II. 13, 179. h. Ven. 100. iv ntgiqiairo-
fUvtjf, in a conspicuous place, Od. 5, 476.

negiqiag, artog, 6, 1) son of Ochesius,
an j£tolian, who was slain by Mars, U. 5,
842 seq. 2) son of Epytus, a herald of the
Trojans, II. 17, 323.

IIuQKpiitris, ov, 6, son of Copreus of My-
cenae, slain by Hector, II. 15, 639. 2) a My-
sian, II. 14, 515. ^

mgicpQa^g, ig {mgt<pgaCoftai), very con-
siderate, prudent, wise, h. Merc. 464 ; often
adv. nfgi<pgadi(ag, thoughtfully, considerately^
IL 2, 466. Od. 14, 431.

negicpQd^oiJiai, mid. (^^a^u), to consider
on aU sides, carefully to ponder, vogxov, Od.

fi€Qiq>QmVy 09 {^gr^if), very considerate,
provident, intelligent, epUb. of women, II. 5,
412. Od. 1, 329; and often.

412 n^Qovmo.

fiBqu^vm (9»ioi), only aor. 2 infin. -xt^iffiv-
yai and part, ntgnpig, intrans. to grow round
about ; hence n$gufvyai twi, to entwine about
any one, to embrace, Od. 19, 416; comm.
with accus. Od. 24, 236. 320; without case.
*0d. 16,21.

neqixiss Cifcv), aor. 1 src^ci/a, ep. for nt-
gtixtva, aor. 1 mid. subj. nigtxiisxah with
shortened vowel, Od. 6, 232. cf. Od. 3, 426;
to pour around, to pour upon, tly IL 21, 319;
espec. spoken of workers in metal : jj^ftW
xigaat, to put gold about the horns, spoken of
a victim adorned for sacrifice by putting gold
plates about the horns, or gilding them, Od.
3, 426. II. 10, 294 ; metaph. /a()iy rtt^l, to pour
grace over any one, Od. 23, 162. Mid- 1)
to pour about oneself; /^raoy ag/v^t^^ to poi
gold about silver, i. e. to gild It, 0<L 6^ 232.
23, 159. 2) to spread or extend over any
thing, metaph. in tmesis, IL 2, 19.

mgix^ooiiai Oio^f^ai), aor. ep. 3rf^</«tf J-
fiipf without augm. to be violently angry, xm
xivog, at any one on account of some one.
* 119,449. 14,26a

neguantj, f; (cH^), a place from which one
can take a wide observation, an devalUm, a
height, II. 14, 8. Od. 10, 14a

negitiaiog, ot, poet, for mgiBvoiog, excess-
ive, very great; neut. as adv. excessiveiy,
too much, IL 4, 359* Od. 16, 203. Piur. h.
18, 41 ; with gen. mguaatov illMnfy &r be-
yond the others, h. Cer. 363.

negxrog, if, or, poet blackish, d4xrk (V.
black-winged), epiih. of the eagle, IL 24,
316. t Schol. fuXag, cf. ftogipvog.

negxoioiog, 6, of Percote, IL 2, 831. 6,

Ilegxcirt^, ^, a city in Asia Minor on the
HeIIei?pont, between Abydos and Lampsa-
cus, 11.2,835. 11,229; in (he time of Strabo,
a village near Parion : Jlakainfgxfix^. (^'?-
xwnii is a false reading.)

nfgtacx for nigyaax$, see nignni^

mQvriiAi^ ep. form of ntgato^ part n^qn^
iterat. imperf. 3 sing, nigraax for n^tyatnu
to lead out and sell, xiru, any one, IL 22, 4^.
24, 752. xtr^/jtaxtt ntgyufiara, vendible good^,

negovdci {ntgo%tf), aor. ep. ntgortifra, aor.
mid. nsgoytiadfitfy always without augment,
1) to pierce with a clasp or budde, gener. to
pierce through, xtya dovgl, IL 7, 145. Mid.
to fasten any thing for onesdf with a da^

Digitized by VjOOQ IC




or bucklej with accas. /ito/rery, II. 10, 133; ti
iy^rftai, with buckles, *I1. 14, 180.

nsQorn, f; (w«^«), prop, the tongue of a
buckle ; gener. a buMe, a brooch^ for fasten-
ing a cloak, 11. 5, 425. OA 18, 293. 19, 226.

^£^<Sa><Ti, see nsgata,

ine^^oi, see nt^M/M, b. Ap. 218.]

* n€Q<jMogf 6 ini(^ij Hes. Th. 377), son
of the Titan Crius and Eurybia, father of
Hecate, h. Cer. 24.

niqca^ ep. for ^rc^o, see mq^m.

TleQcevg, i<og. Ion. and ep. liog (Herm.
JPenetriua), 1) son of Jupiter and Danafi,
daughter of king Acrisius in Argos. His
g^randfather caused him with his mother to
be cast in a chest into the sea ; he was, how-
ever, rescued by king Polydectes in Seriphus.
Wlien lie had grown up^ Polydectes, in order
to remove him, commissmned him to bring
the head of Medusa. He accomplished the
taek prosperously, and upon his return liber*
ated Andromeda, daughter of Cepheus, who
was bound to a rock and destined to be the
prey of a sea-monster. Andromeda became
hie wife and bore to him Alcsus and Blec-
tryon, II. 14, 320. 2) son of Nestor and
Anaxibia, Od. 3, 414. 445.

IJe(fceq>afeta^ 17, ep, for ilc^c^of^, daugh-
ter of Jupiter and Ceres, U. 14, 326; wife of
Pluto, who bore her off from her mother.
She rules with her husband the shades, and
gener. the lower world, Od. 10, 491. 11, 47.
II. 9, 457. Her sacred groves are on4he
western margin of the earth, on the borders
of the realm of shades, Od. 10, 509. (Accord.
to Bustath. ad Od. 10, 491, from q)9QHv and
4porog, who brings death, prop, ^tqat^povri,

loo. II^HpOVII.)

IJ^iii Vi daughter of Oceanus, wife of
Helios, mother of iBetes and Circe, Od. 10,
139. Z/«^ai»&,1t55o«,^,He8.Th.356.

JJi^fliJ^fig^ ov, 6, poet for ntgatldrn,
c^on or descendant of Perseus =? Slhenelus, U.
19, 116.

neotup and niahaO^ai^ see niivtto.

fr^aaog, o, Atu nmog, a stone used in
playing draughts, Od. 1, 107. t nttradiai, ^-
f£oy ruptuv. EuBtath. ad loc and Etym. M.
mention the following games : 1) Two per-
sons play, each with five stones. For this
purpose a surface of clay is used, with lines,
the middle of which is called U^o. The
stones of the two parties, of different colors,

are placed, and each seeks to shut up the
other to the middle line. 2) A second kind
is said to have been invented in Egypt, and
is connected with astronomy and astrology.
3) A third kind is mentioned by Athenoeus
I. p. 61 seq., which Apion heard about from
a certain Cteson of Ithaca, and which, ac-
cording to tradition, the suitors themselves
invented. "The suitors," says he, "one
hundred and eight in number, placed a like
number of stones, in equal parts, opposite
each other, so that fif\y-four stood on each
side. In the middle remained a small empty
space, in which a stone was placed called
Penelope. At this, the suitor to whom the
lot feli cast, by means of the stones. If he
hit the Penelope, and jerked her from her
place, he placed his stone in the place of Pe-
nelope. Then he put up Penelope upon the
place to which she had been jerked, and
struck his own stone from the middle at her.
If he hit, without touching another, he won,
and this passed for a good omen. Euryma-
chus won most frequently." These explana-
tions appear, however, to be only inventions
of the Gramm., and deserving of little credit,
cf. Wiedemann's Humanist Magazin 1787,
St 3. p. 237 ; and Nitzsch ad Od. 1. c.

niaam^ ep. infin. pres. nttmfuyj to soften
by heat, hence 1) Spoken of the sun, to
so/ten^ to ripen, to mature, t/, Od. 7, 119.
2) Metaph. to digest, hence jto^oi', to digest
anger, L e. to restrain, II. 4, 513. 9, 565 ; mj-
dto^ to keep troubles to oneself, U. 4, 513. 9,
565 ; yiQo, to digest presents, i. e. quietly to
enjoy them, II. 2, 237. b) to nurse, to heal,
fliXoi, II. 8, 513.

netjcit, see nlntn,

nhaXoff to (nnayviffii), a leaf, comm.
plur. II. 2, 312. Od. 19, 520.

nszttPinflit, aor. iniraaa, ep. Tiitatra (tro),
perf. pasa nimofMi, aor. pass, intxatr^jpf,
also nnvata, \)to spread out, to unfold, with
accus. Xira, unia, Od. 5, 269. 6, 94; x^^*
un, to spread out the arms to any one, IL 4,
523. 13, 549. Od. 5, 374; spoken of doors:
pass, nvlai ntjnafitrat, folding-doors thrown
open, II. 21, 531. 2) Metaph. &vfi6y, to ex-
pand the heart of any one, i. e. to swell, Od.
18, 160; and in the pass. al&^ ntTrTorai
awiipalog, the cloudless serenity extended,
Od. 6, 45 ; 01;^ 'Htlioio, II. 17, 371.

nrnti^ig, ij, 019 (nito/iai), poet for nnft-

Digitized by VjjOOQIC


yogjjlying^ winged, feathered, epith. of birds ;
plur. subst. TO TicTfi^ro, fowlsj birds, II. 15,
238. 2) Spoken of young birda: JUdglingSy
callow birda, Od. 16, 218.

nersfoVf mvog, fj, a village of the Theban
doroinioD in Bceotia, near Haliartus, II. 2, 500.

nerecigf oi, poet ow, 6 (^according to Eu-
atath. Att. for IZereo^, from which gen. /Zexe-
oio and Hsx^o [Buttm. § 37. note 3] ), aon of
Orneus, father of Meneatheua, who waa ex-
pelled by Theaeua from Attica, II. 2, 552.

natoficu, depon mid. aOr. intafirpf, subj. 3
sing. TTT^To*, II. 15, 170 ; and with act. form
Bnrrpf, Batr. 207 (ep. form noxtofiai, nonao-
/ticfi), 1) to fly, primar. apoken of birda and
inaecta, II. 2, 89. 16, 265. 2) Spoken of the
rapid movement of godii, men, and brutes :
to fly, to hasten, to run, II. 15, 150. Od. 5, 49;
spoken of men, II. 13, 755. Od. 8, 122 ; oflen
or hones : ovxaxovfs net iiT&rpf, 6) Spoken
of inanimate things : of arrows, snow, and
hail ; of a river : to flotD away, II. 13, 140.
592. 15, 170.

netQMogj 17, ov, rocky, stony, dwetiw^ in
rocks, ^MvXXtj, Od. 12, 231 ; TtQoxorj, h. Ap.

mtQTjy r;. Ion. for ntj^a, a rock, a cliff,
often. 2) a stone, a fragment of rock ; as an
image of firmness, Od. 17, 463 ; and of insen-
sibility, II. 16,35; proverbial: ovx anb dgvog
oW icno niT(^g, see d^g,

fiSTQi^eig, ecaa, et, poet (ndxifri), rocky,
stony, Hv&ti, U. 9, 405; vtjfrag, Od. 4, 844.
h. 18, 7.

nizQog, 6, poet a rock, a stone, *I1. 17,
270. 20, 288. Batr. 218.

nev^ofiatf poet for nw&avoftM, q. v.

ftevxahfiog, iy, ov, Homeric epith. always
9)^c<re nsvxaXlfiiiat, II. 8, 366. 14, 165. 15, 81 ;
prudent, inteiligerd, (Prob. accord, to Buttm.
Lexil. I. p. 18, a form of nvxtvog, like Ivyn-
liog from Ivy^og, accord, to the Gramm. from
918VX17, a point; sharp, piercing.) * II.

nevitsd4zp6gf 17, 6v, poet (nivmji), comm.
explained, bitter, sour, as an epith. of war, 11.
10, 8. t (Accord, to Buttm. Lexil. I. p. 17,
from TtBvnti, prop, a taper tree, a point, point-
ed ; hence ^rp, painful, cf. ixsnsvxr,g.)

tiEvxtj, tf, a fir tree, a pine tree, ♦U. 11,

nsvffOfJtaif see Trvp&avofiai,

nsq>avrou, see (palrto,

[nefavtat, see 4>£iVJZ.]

Online LibraryG. Ch. (Gottlieb Christian) CrusiusA complete Greek and English lexicon of the poems of Homer and the Homeridae ... from the German of G. Ch. Crusius → online text (page 76 of 100)