G. Ch. (Gottlieb Christian) Crusius.

A complete Greek and English lexicon of the poems of Homer and the Homeridae ... from the German of G. Ch. Crusius online

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Online LibraryG. Ch. (Gottlieb Christian) CrusiusA complete Greek and English lexicon of the poems of Homer and the Homeridae ... from the German of G. Ch. Crusius → online text (page 84 of 100)
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^ <$avkoif 17, ov (akin to vaXog), vain, mtn-
cmg, affected, aatXa fiairnr, h. Merc 2&

cav^t^Qy ^QoSf 0, the lower end of a



JSeiQjjv.



spear; elsewhere ovQlaxog, the point of the
ihaft, whicli was furnished with iron, that it
might be set upright in the ground, II. 10,
153; t (prob. from aavgog, a kind of snake or
perhaps a point).

cd(pa, adv. (from aatf^g for caqtia), clear-
ly, certainly^ definitely; connected with tldi-
vaiy ijthraff&ai, II. 2, 192. Od. 4, 730. ad<pa
dnttv, to speak distinctly, to speak truly, II.
4,404.

* aaq^mg, adv. =& votp&g fix>m voxp^g, h.
Cer. 149.

* aa^Yigy eg, dear, certain, sure, h. Merc.
208.

cdcOy for traov, see aaom,

aamaaiy'cdoiae, etc., see aaooy.

cadtegog, rj, ov, ep. compar. from 2A02.

c^ivrvfUy only aor. 1 ttrPwa, ep. infin. onia-
cai, aor. 2 l<r/Ji^. 1) Trans, in tl\e aor. 1, to
extinguish, to put out, with accus. nv^xa'itjp,
II. 23, 237. 24, 791. 6) Metaph. to moderate,
to check, to retrain, xoXor, II. 9, 678; (iirog,
II. 16, 621. 2) Intrans. in the aor. 2, to go
out, spoken of fire, IL 9, 471. b) Metaph. to
become calm, spoken of wind, Od. 3, 182.

cePa^Ofiaiy depon. mid. (cifiag), aor. 1
only ep. 3 sing, fftpdaaaro, to stand in awe,
to be afraid of, il &vfi^>, *II. 6, 167. 417.

ct^ag, TO (frifiofAai), only used in noro.
and accus. 1) reverential fear, awe, in re-
spect of gods and men, of doing any thing;
fear, shame, with infin., II. IS, 178. h. Cer. 10.
2) asionishment, wander, admiration, at un-
common occurrences; vifiag fi tx^i, Od. 3,
123. 4, 75.

ae^ofuuy depon. (akin to trufo), to stand in
awe, to be ashamed, absol., II. 4, 240. t

ai^t9, ep. for vov, see crv.

ceti abbreviated for asZo, see av.

^^ftli^i^o^, 6(later orthography Sihiyog),
Silenus, foster-father and companion of Bac-
chus, who followed him always drunken and
riding upon an ass. In the plur. oi 2tdijyol,
gener. the ancient Satyrs, companions of
Bacchus, h. Ven. 263.

ceio, ep. for (tov, see av.

csiQi^y ^ {fT^o§), a rope, a cord, a string,
II. 23, 115. Od. 22, 175; a.xQ^r^hf a golden
chain, II. 8, 19.

^siQr^p, ijfog, ^, comro. plur. a{ JSttfffjreg
(from (TBigfjy the entangling, the enticing),
the Sirens, mythic virgins, who, according
to Homer, dwelt between iBaea and the

Digitized by VjOOQ IC



S^i69.



454



.SnW



rock oC Scylla, and by their sweet yoices
allured passengers and put them to death,
Od. 12, 39. 52. Horn, knows but two, for v.
96, we have the dual JSnQt,youy. At a later
day there were supposed to be three or four,
cf. Eustath. ad loc They were in antiquity,
for the most part, placed in the Sicilian sea,
on the south-west coast of Italy, hence ako
the three small dangerous rocks not far fVom
the island Caprea, were called JSn^nvovaai,
Strab. They are the daughters of the river
god Achelous and a muse, Ap. Rh. 4, 895.
Apd. 1, 34. At a still later period they were
represented as birds with the faces of virgins.

(Tfiuo (akin to invm), aor. 1 ep. viura, aor.
mid. ep. o-faa/uipr always witlioilt augm., to
shake, to branduh, with accus. iyx^f II* 3,
345; and pass. II. 13, 135; &v^ag, to shake
the doors, i. e. to knock at the doors, II. 9,
583; ivyov, to shake the yoke, spoken of
running horses, Od. 3, 486. Mid. to move
meeelf, to shake, to quake, II. 14, 285. 20, 59 ;
<nUr«To hpI &^w(i^, she was violently agi-
tated, II. a 199.

aila for fTtXai, see <rilag.

Zikayog, 6, father of Amphius from Pleesus,
II. 5, 612.

<s(kag, aog, t6 (akin to stlti), dat. triXaT
and ailijc, light, splendor, brightrtesa^ a beam,
spoken of fire, II. 8, 509. Od. 21, 246 ; of con-
stellations and meteors, 11. 8, 76. h. Ap. 442.
b) a torch, h. Cer. 52.

ctXipfri, ^ (oilag), the moon, IL 8, 555;
nXri&owroi, the full moon, IL 18, 484; an
image of splendor, Od. 4, 45.

JSeXf^n^f ^, prop, name, Lima, the goddess
of the moon ; in the ILand Od. we find nothing
of her origin or of her rising and setting. In
h. 31, 6 seq., she is called the daughter of
Hyperion and Euryphiessa (of Theia, Hes.
Th. 375.) ; in h. Merc. 94, daughter of Pallas,
of. h. 32.

HBlitjmadfig, ov, o, son of Se1epius =
Ewnue, II. 2, 693.

cilTvoPf TO, parsley, a plant which belongs
to the family of celery, and grows chiefly in
depressed situations, II 2, 776. Od. 5, 72.
Batr. 54. Accord, to Billerbeck Fk>r. Class,
p. 70, hipposelinum s. Smymium olus atrum
Linn., accord, to Heyne. apmn graseolens
Linn., also iXttooBkttfW ; it is mentioned as a
food of horses.

JSeXk^iet^f wtog, i^ 1) a river in Elis



between the Penem and the AJpheoa^ nsv
PadnotOj IL 2, 65a 15, 531. 2) A river k
Troas near Arisbe, IL 2, 839. 12, 97.

Zelkoi, ol (£llol, in a Frag. Pind. m
Strab. VII. c. 7.), the Selli, pnests of Jopits
in Dodona, who communkated or explained
oracles, II. 16^ 834. They appear, perfaap
in accordance with a priestly vow, to ha«e
led a very austere life, hence they were caS-
cd iofmronodig. Accord, to Strab. VIL, ifcc
original inhabitants of Dodona.

* oAfUt, atog^ to (akin to <n3Jg\ a row0^i
bench, gener. the upper deck (JLrantirmki
h. 6, 47. cf {:t7oV.

Ssiiikri, ^ (accord, to Diod. Sic 3, 61, fron
offivog), daughter of Cadmtn, mother of
Bacchus by Jupiter. She implored Ji^Hter
that he would show himself to her in the fu£
gTory of his divinity. He fulfilled herrcqoeti.
but she was destroyed by his lightning, IL 14
323 ; h. in Baccb. 6, 57. (Accord, to Hefittf
from OSS), B<Bot==:^a), the franiic, Hern.
soisequa from oifiny and fli^ =: vUis.)

♦ asfivig, ly, op (oifiofiai), venerable, konar-
^i My) proP' spoken of the goda^ h. 12^ 1.
Cer. 486.

CBO, ep. for <FOv, see ov.
" CSV and osv^ see <rv.

Civa, ep. for Icnreva, see otusi.

^Hevtiatog^ 6 (oivrXov), Beei-eater, s
frog's name, Batr. [212.]

*otvtXoy, TO, a beet, a soft culinary vege-
table, beta pulgaris Linn. Batr. 162.

<reve», poet (akin to &ito), aor. ep. Icnrm
and OBifo, aor. mid. ioosvifnpf, peril pas.
tffovfiai, ploperf. iouvfitpf. The perf. pasL
has oflen a pres. signif. hence part ^rvv/uwsg,
fl, ov, with retracted accent The plupf. isat the
same time ep. aor. 2 itnrifnp^, Itro-fo, Snrt'm
ep. ovTo, IL 21, 167. The pres. act not found
in Hom., the augm. tenses have double Sig-
ma. 1) Act tran& prop, to pud in violat
motion, to drive; hence, accord, to the pn-
pos. a) to drive, to wge^ to chascj v<va mts
Nvtwi'iop, IL 6, 133; rtra M tivi, any one
to any one, II. 11, 293. 294 ; tmrotig, II. la
68 1. 6) to drive away, to chase away, «iW,
Od. 14, 35; jtoro o^W, to drive down from
the mountains, II. 20, 189. c) Spoken of in-
animate things: to cast, to huH, fBCfMubpr, E
11, 147. 14, 413 ; alfi«, to drive out the blood,
i. e. to cause to flow, to draw, IL 5^ 208. D]
Mid. with ep. aor. 2 and perf. paas. 1) In>

Digitized by VjOOQIc



ZStixaSm. 455

rans. to mote cnexdf vloUnilyj to rtm, to
lasteny to ru^ wit aarv, II. 6, 505; M ri,
LI. 14, 227. yigrjr ^^"^ iwXipf taavt0, the
loul rofihed to the wound, he. escaped through
lie wound, IL 14, 519; with infln. iTtvaxo
tAtiiteirV, he hastened to pursue, II. 17, 463. b)
l^etaph. spoken of the mind: to desire ai^
ienilyj to long for. ^vfiog ftoi tnrvTai, Od,
lO, 4S4 ; espec part iooifitvog, ardently de-
tiring, longing for, denrous, with gen. odolo,
>f the journey, Od. 4^ 733 ; and with infin.
ToAs^^ty, IL 11, 717. Od. 4, 416. 2) With
sbccus. trans, a) to drive, to chase, to hunt,
espec. wild beasts, with accu& xangiop, Xiov'
ta, II. 1 1, 4] 5. 6) to chase away^ to drive, II.
3, 26; Tiyor mdlopSe, II 20, 148; metaph.
xoMOTtfra, h. 7, 13.

afjxd^m (<n}«o$), aor. pass. 3 plur. <n}ictf-
<r^sy for iaijxaa&i^eaf, prop, to dri?e into the
fold, spoken of sheep ; gener. to shut up, to
mctoe, II. 8, 131. t

aiptOKOQog, 6 {*0Qim), one that cleans the
stall, a tiable-deanser, a staUrhoy, Od. 17,

284. t

afino^, 6y an inclosed place : a fold, a stall,
TL 18, 5a9. Od. 9, 219.

if^fta, atog, to^ a sign, to point out any
thing; atoken, of alot, 11.7, 188; of thefV,
h. Merc 136; espec. 1) a sign sent by the
deity, an atmospheric sign, an aerial token,
stich as thunder and lightning, which were
regarded as omens and indications of the
wiU of the gods, IL 2, 253. 351. 4, 381. 13,
244. 2) a monumental sign, amound; hence
a^fsaxevoi, IL2,814. 7,68. Od. 1,291;. gener.
a monument. 3) a vrilten sign, a^giata
Xvygi, pernicious characters, IL 6, 168. Od.
1, 291 ; see p'fa^M. 4) a mark, IL 23, 84a
Od. 8, 192.

Cf^uuiP^a (<r^/ua), fot fftifiana, aor. ep. (nj-
fsipw, aor. mid. iatifAfftfififiif, 1) to give a sign
to do any thing ; hence, to command, to order,
Tor/, IL 1, 289. 10, 58 ; rarely with gen. ju^,
Ttf 14, 85 ; and inl tar^, about any one, Od.
22, 4Sr7. 2) Trans, with accua to mark, to
indicate, ri^funa, IL 23, 358. 757. Od. 12,
26. Mid. to mark any thing for onesdf, lOjf
^S0f one-'s lot, IL 7, 175.

OflfMPraQf OQog, o, poet (aa^iudifm), prop,
ooe who gives a signal, a leader, commander,
jovereign,IL4,431; espee.adiriverofhors'
ef, IL 8, 127; fioOtt, a keeper oi cattle, a
herdnaD, IL 15, 315.



SiyaXoiig.



ct^ftfQOf, adv. (from t^gm), to-day, IL 7,
30. Od.l7, 180.

aqna, perf. vhtina, aor. 2 ioanijp, (torn ^
which ep. 3 sing. subj. (roTnjiyfor ooTtf^, IL 19, - \
27. Act to cause to decay, to rot. Pass, and
perf intrans. to become putrid, to rot, to
moulder away. X9^ a^nnai, IL 14, 27. 24,
4 14. Oovffa oiotpit, the timbers are decayed,
* D. 2, 135.

* o^oofioeig, saaa, ev (tn^afAov), fuU of
sesame, Ep. 15, 8.

UtiaofAOs, ij, a town in Paphlagonia, later
the citadel of Amastris, IL 2, 853.

* aiiaetfiotvQog, o (tvgog), sesame<heese,
i. e. a kind of food made of sesame and
cheese, Batr. 36.

^r^fnoiff ^, a little town on the Hellespont,
in the Thracian Chersonesus, opposite the
city of Abydos in Asia, later rendered fa*
mous by the love of Leander and Hero, now
lalowa, IL 2, 836.

cdtPaQog, ri, iv, poet {<r&iifoq), strong,
powerful, mighty, epith. of Ate, II. 9, 505. f

SOepikaog^^, son of Ith»menes, slain by
Patroclus, IL 16, 586.

S&ireiog, 6 (abbrev. from J^&ipiXaog),
1) son of Capaneus and Evadne, one of the
Epigones and a leader before Troy, II. 2,
564. 23, 511 ; a companion of Diomedes, IL
9, 48. 2) son of Perseus and Andromeda,
husband of Nicippe, father of Eurystheus,
king of Argoeand Mycenoe, IL 19, 116.

a^ifog, Bog, to, poet strength, power,
might, primar. spoken of the bodies of men
and beasts, IL 5, 139. Od. 18,373; more
rarely of inanimate things, II. 17, 751. 18,
607; espec. of strength of heart, courage in
war: fuya odiifog ifAffiXlMf ttagdl^, U. 2,
451. 14, 151. 2) Gener. power, might, Q. 16^
542; forces, 11. 18, 274 ; espec. in periphrasis
with gen. of the person (like fiiti) : ir&woi
"JSxTogog, the might of Hector, i. e. the mighty
Hector, II. 9, 351 ; 'idofurnog, IL 13, 248.

ciaXog, 6, yrop. fat, fattened, irvg trlaXog,
a fat swine, IL 9, 208. Od. 14, 41. 2) Subst
afat hog, IL 21, 363. Od. 2, 300.

aT/aXoeig, ecca, sv, poet (akin to (rU^),
(nitidu6),Witnp^, tohite, gleaming, bn^jbit,
splendid, (* magnificent, costly,' V.) 1) Spo-
ken of costly variegated or embroidered
clothing, jT^To^, ufwja, ^tyw, lUofuna, H
and Od. 2) Of reins fbr horses, polished and
perhiq^ adorned with metal, IL 5, 226. Od.

Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Scydof.



456



JSiav^pos.



6, 8 1 . 3) Spoken of household furniture and
of the dwelling, Od. 5, 86. 16, 449. (Other
significations, as tender, sq/l, covered with
foam, are not proved.)

cTydoa {friyn)* to be nlenl, to be atill, only
the imperat. olya, II. 14, 90. Od. 14, 493 ;
viyav, h. Merc. 93.

aTytjf fi (<r/j>>), silence, only ayfj, dat as
adv. in silence, still, qidetly. atyfj isf vfitlmv,
still before you, IL 7, 195. tnyfj rvi^, Od. 15,
391 ; (false reading atyii vvv,)

ctd^Qeiog, ^, or, poet, for aid^^^og, II. 7,
141. 8, 15, etc.

ctdqQeogf 17, Of (cldfiQog), 1) of iron, iron,
xoQvyti, diofiata; o^vfiaydog), the iron tu-
mult, i. e. of iron arms, II. 17, 424 ; ovgavog,
tlie iron heaven, like x"^*^f^i> because the
ancients conceived of it as made of iron, Od.
15, 329. 17, 565 ; or, more correctly, in a me-
taph. sense. 2) Trop. Jtard as iron, firm,
slrofi^; &vfi6g, an iron mind, i.e. inexorable,
IL 22, 357 ; thus ^ro^, tt^adlri, oolys aid^Bct
Tiivxa TitvKtah to thee every thing is iron,
Od. 13, 280. Old. nvgog ftho;, the iron, i. e.
the un wasting strength of fire, IL 23, 177.
(The forms with e» or t change with the
necessity of the metre.)

aidijQOi, 0, 1) iron ; this metal is often
mentioned in Homer ; he calls it noXiog, at"
&mv, loetg ; this last epithet, * violet-colored,'
seems to indicate iron hardened to steel and
become blue ; also the method of hardening
iron by immersing it in water was known to
Homer, Od. 9, 391 ; as an image of hardness,
IL 4, 510. Od. 19, 211. 2) Metonym.«?«ry
^171^ made of iron, arms, furniture, hence
noXifiiiKxog, IL 6, 48 \ and often.

£idopitj&ev^ adv. from Sidon, II. 6, 291. t

SxHoviog, rj, op (2'ideJy), ep. for ^iddviog,
Sidonian, of Sidon, II. 6, 289 ; from which,
1) ^ JSidovltj, the district of Sidonia in Phce-
nicia, or the entire coast of the Phcenicians,
with the chief town, Sidon, Od. 13, 285. 2)
o ^idovtog, a Sidonian, Od. 4, 8i. 618.

£jdciv, £vog, ^, the famous capital of the
Phoenicians, situated on the sea, with a dou-
ble port, now Seida, OJ. 15, 425.

2idciv, orog, a Sidonian, an inhabitant of
the city of Sidon, IL 23, 743.

<fiC(a, a word formed to imitate the sound ;
to hiss, primar. the sound of red-hot bodies
immersed in water, hence alsq spoken of
the eye of the Cyclops in iftfch Ulysses |

If



twisted the borniog stake; only imperf. Od.
9,394.t

£ixariijf ^, the original name of the island
ofSicelia, which it received from the SicanL
accord, to Thucyd. 6, 2. Diodor. 5, 6. Whea
at a later period, the Sicani were pressed by
the Siceli immigrating from Italy, and coo-
fined to the region about Agragaa, the latter
was called Sicania, and the whole island
Sicelia, Od. 24, 307.

£tKBX6g^ 17, oPf SiceUan or SidUan, efae-
where Ggivaxltj, yvtnn Swtkii, Od. 24, 211.
366. 389. Subst ol SintUl, the Siedi, ac-
cord, to Thuc. 6^ 2, an Italian peofde, who
being pressed by the Pelasgi, emigrated to
Italy and first settled near Catana. Hence
they dwelt on the eastern coast of the island)
Od.20,383.

£txwov, wpogf and 17, a town in the
country Sicyonia,Jn the Peloponnesus, at as
earh'er day Aiywlol and MrfXM^, famed for
its trafiic, and later the chief seat of Grecian
art; now VasilikafU. 2, 572.

Sifiieig, epTog, 6, Simois, a soiall river in
Troas, which rises in Ida, and flows north
from the city of Troy and unites in the Tro-
jan plain with the Scamander $ now Simas,
II. 4, 475. 5, 774. cf. T}^*6g. 2) the rim-
god of the Simois, IL 20, 53.

^ifiOBiaiog, 6, son of the Trojan Antbe-
mion, slain by Ajax, IL 4, 474 seq.

civoficu, depon. mid. only pres. and ImpeiC
iterat form aivioxovro, Od. 6^ 6. J) Prop.
to carry off, to plunder, with accus. ktai^fOK
ttrl, Od. 12, 114. 6) to attack in order to
plunder, to rob, rtpa, Od. 6, 6; spoken of
herds, Od. 11, 112. 2) Gener. to kuri^ to m-
jure, to harm, aidwg ivd^ag olmeu, shams
injures men, IL 24^ 45.

trintjg, 6, poet, (olvofiai), a robber^ a
murderer, as adj. plundering, rttvagingy Ug,
XvKog,*ll 11, 481. 16, 353. 20, 165.

HiPtug, 01 (= oUrtaiy robbers), the Sm-
ties, the earliest inhabitants of the island of
Lemnos, who received Vulcan when hurled
down by Jupiter, IL 1, 594. Od. 8, 294.

2invkogy 6 (Dor. for OBonvlog), a braoch
of the mountain Tmolus, on the borders of
Lydia and Phrygia, now MmaSy U. 24, 6I5l

2^iavq>og, 6 (iBol. for aotpog, son of^^oloi
and Enarete, husband of Merope, father of
Glaucos, founder of Ephyra or Corinth,
noted for his cunning and propenai^ to rob-

Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Siriw.



457



2!x€Xog.



bery, II. 6, 153. He was doomed to roH a
stone up a mouDtaia in the lower world,
which always rolled back, because he be-
trayed to Asopus that Jupiter had seized his
daughter, or because he had betrayed the
secrets of the gods in general to men, Od. 11,
59a Apd. 1, 9. 3.

cTrm (&iTog), iroperf. mid. animeorro;
act to give to eai, to feed Mid. to give one-
self food, to eat, to feed upon, Od. 24, 209. t

citog^ Of only sing, wheat, gener. grain,
and espec. 1) Jhur, bread, prepared from
it ; in opposition to flesh, alrog nal xgia, Od.
9, 9. 12, 19. 2) Gener. food, victuals, nou-
rishment, hence oflen trltog xal olrog, IL 9,
706. Od. 3, 479. tniog iide ttoti}?, IL 19, 306.
Od. 9, 87. (As neut it never appears in
Homer; but clearly as masc Od. 13, 244.
16, 83. 17, 633.)

cjTOtpdyog, or (fpayety), eating grain or
bread, Od. 9, 191. f Batr. 244.

CupXoio (ai<pX6g)t aor. optat. aupXwatity,
prop, to deform, hence gener. to bring into
disgrace, to destroy, to ruin, tiva, II. 14, 142. f

ciamdm (euinrji), aor. optat. aitmriatuty,
infin. iFWJt^otxh to be silent, to be stiU, II. 2,
280. 23, 660. Od. 17, 613.

ismmif ri, silence, stillness, Hom. only dat
as adv. auanp, in silence, stiU, II. 6, 404. Od.
1, 326. ianjp fyirorto oMmfi, they were en-
tirely still, II. 3, 95. Od. 7, 164. otto, htwtv-
%i», to give the nod in silence, II. 9, 616; and
oAen.

<rx€eC<09 (akin to intalgm), to Htitp, to hobble,
IL 19, 47; in noXifiov, 11. 11, 811. Batr. 251.

2:xaiai, «i, TtvXiU, the Season gate, also
called the DardanUm (Jaffiiviai) ; it was
upon the west side of the city, hence the name
we9l gate (wmog) ; it was the main gate,
and led to the Grecian camp. From its tur-
ret were to be seen the oak, the watch-sta-
tion, the fig-tree, and the monument of Hue,
U. 3, 145. 6, 237. 11, 170. cf. T^xovmdiot^.

axcuog, iy, op, left, n (ncaii, ac.x^^» the
leil hand ; hence mtaip, with the leA, IL 1,
501. 16, 734. 2) western, perhaps cxawr
flop, Od. 3, 295.

CxeuQia (akin to crxcxCu), to leap, to spring,
Od. 10, 412; nool, to dance, IL 18, 572. h.
31, la

*axaX/t6g, 6, tJie pin, a block upon the
ship^ upon which the oar rests, h. 6, 42.

SHSLfiMiQiogf tif Off Scamandrianj on the
58



Scamander. to ^afiavdgiop mdlor, the
Scamandrian plain, =» to T^mxir nedlor,
q. V. II. 2, 465 ; also Xnfiitp Sxafiaydgiog, IL
2,467. 2) Subst name of Astyanax, which
his father gave him, II. 6, 402 ; see ^Atnva-
y(x|. 6) son of Strophius, a Trojan, II. 5, 49
seq.

J^xd/iurdgog, 6 (ex never forms posit, cf.
Thiersch § 146. 8), Scamander, a river in
Troas, called by the gods Xanthus; it rises
according to IL 22, 147 seq., near the city of
Troy, from two fountains, of which the one
had cold, the other warm water; it then
flows south-west from the city through the
plain, unites with the Simois, II. 5, 774, and
falls into the Hellespont somewhat north of
Sigeum, II. 21, 125. IL 12, 21 seems to clash
with the origin of the Scamander in IL 22,
147, accord, to which passage it rises upon
Ida, as says also Strabo XIII. p. 602. [Conf.
Jahrb. J. und K., p. 282.] Now the river is
called Mendere-Su. 2) the river-god Xan-
thus. His contest with Achilles is found IL
20, 74. 21, 136 seq.

£xdrdiia, ^9 ^ harbor on the southern
coast d* the island Cythera, now Cerigo, IL
10,268.

^axdnrmt fut ^n, to dig, <pvta, h. Merc
90,207.

^(Sxami^Q, iJQog, 6 {oxinxta), a digger,
Fr.2.^

UxoQqftj, 17 (Sxa^tta, Strab.), a small
town in Locris, not far from Thermopyls, IL
2, 632. (According to Strab. L 60, already,
400 years before Christ, destroyed by an
earthquake.)

6xa(pig, idog^ 17 (trxmnn), a small vessel
for preserving any thing, a bowl, a tub, Od.
9, 123. t

axeddifpVfUf aor. 1 imtidaea, ep. axidaea,
only aor. as pres. the poet form, to scatter,
to drive apart or let go, with accus. law, IL
19, 171. 23, 162; w«' ^J- 17, 649. Od. 13,
352. ixlw an oijf^aXfi&r, to scatter the
darkness from any one's eyes, IL 20, 341 ;
metaph. aJfia, to shed blood, IL 7, 330.

axidacig, tog, 17 {oxiddpwfu), the act of
scattering, dispersion, * Od. 1, 116. 20, 225.

axillm (or axtXita), ep. aor. I optat 3
sing. ox^Xiu, to dry, to parch, to wiiher,x^,
U.23,191.t

cxikogf sag, tS^ in the broader sense, the
entire leg from the hip to the foot; in the

Digitized by VjOOQ IC



Sxsna^vav. 458

narrower, the shank (tibia) with the calf;
hence nQv/iwhif cnilog, the calf (Scbol /«-
mgoitr^Utif), II. 16, 314. t

<rxBft€t(^oPf to (prob. from auamti), a
doMe-edged axe, for hewing wood, a car-
perUer^e axe, ♦ Od. 6, 237. 9, 391.

ay^inasy aog^ to (<ntnra«), a caver, a co-
veringf a shelter; M/two, a shelter from the
wind, ♦Od. 5, 443. 6,210.

tfX69ra(0, poet (mdnag), 3 plur. pre*. onB-
vown, ep. for axtn&in, to eater, to protect;
spoken of the coast, cntnav xxpa wifiw, the
wave or the sea from the winds, Od. 13, 99. f

cxifitofiaiy depon. mid. aor. ep. ani^iinjiif,
to look at a distance with the hand held over
the eyes, to look eharptpy to look around, fg
T» ; fiixa Ttvh Od. 12, 247; with ctTKfr, II. 17,
652 ; i« ^aXaftoio, h. Cer. 245. 2) Trans, to
examine, to contempUUe, with accus. oimAr,
^£or, IL 16, 361. h. Merc 960.

*inteva^» (imevo;), to ffrepart, to muike
ready; absoL to arrange domeetic affairs;
nmi oJnor, in the house, h. Merc. 285.

extiftdwiop, to (ox^Tttti), « gv^ffT^, a
stqf, a scepter, the ensign of imperial dig-
nity; of Neptune, II 13, 59; of Priam, ♦!!.
24,247.

aniifrtoix^g (ox^oy, ftw), scepter^tear-
ing, holding the scepter, epith. of kings, IL 2,
86. Od. 5, 9.

iSx^ntQOVf to (<TXJ3WT«t), 1) a staff, a
ctme to support oneself upon, Od. 13, 437. 14,
31. 17, 199. 2) Bspec. a sovereign's seepter,
the scepter, a spear without a metallic point,
and accord, to IL 1, 246, adorned with golden
studs. It was an ensign of imperial dignity
in peace. Kings espec. bore it, IL 1, 234.
Od. 3, 412 ; also pritets and prophets, IL 1, 15.
Od. 11, 91 ; heralds, IL 7, 277 ; also judges,
n. 18, 505. It was gener. an ensign of pub-
lic actk>n; whoever spoke in an assembly
was obliged to hold the scepter in his hand,
and received it from the heraM, IL 23, 568.
Od. 2, 87 ; in taking an oath the scepter was
raised, IL 7, 412. 10, 327. 3) Metaph. the
royal power, the imperial dignity, IL 6, 259.
im^ffT^ ««* 4^in$gy marks the union of
the imperial and judicial power, D. 2, 206.
9^99.

mtiimm, aoL, a ikise roading, II. 17, 437,
from hundpnxBtri now only mid. to support
oneself, to lean upon a stafl^ apoken of old
men and beggars, Od. 17, 808. 388; with



Sxax&Xog.



dat nal fiar otoi ovrf (oxeiri)
xmlfur dofAov *Moq ^w, and I think thai
he, supported on the spear, will deaeend to
the abode of Pluto, sarcastic for 'he will die
pierced through by my spear,' fl. 14^ 457.

cxtiQitttSB {inninxt»\ only mid. to smppert
oneself, to lean upon, Od. 17, 196 ; spoken of
Sisyphus rolling the stone, x*^^*'^ ** ^^^
n, to resist with hands and feet, *Od. IL
595.

(TXMe{a>, poet form <rxMMi, aor. subj. emta-
017, to shade, to enodope wUh shade^ to vol
with accus. of the night, o^otf or, IL 21, 232.*
omiats, poet mmxCm, only mid. to become
shady, antimrro, ep. for knumno «vs»
ayvial, all the paths became abady, ^ Od. 2,
388. 3,487.

amShaiMu, mid. poet a form of «r»damr
(Ai, in the pres. and imperf. to scaUer^ to sepa-
rate, spoken of men : koto nltoimg^ U. 1, 487:
hfl fqya, Od. 2, 252 ; it^ duft€na, Od. i
258; inlr^a, K 19, 277; with infin. 11.24,2;
spoken of the foam of the sea: vfom, to dasfa
on high, IL 11, 308 ; of dust : vno rstpiam, to
whirl upward, IL 16, 375; of a fbantab:
^ imi nr^nor oMvecttti^ it was distributed
through the garden, Od. 7, 130.

cxitQog, 17, ip, poet (muii), slodnty.
Okody, dark, Mfio^, IL 11, 480; Hoog, Od.
20,27a

oxifi, 1}, Ion. for omij a stodno, a shade
spok«n of the souls in Hades, * Od. 10, 49&
11,207. h. Cer. 100.

oxwetg^ Mtftt, tff poet (cfsm), shaif,
shaded, L e. by trees, o^w, IL 1. 157 ; dark,
gloomy, fiiya^ Od. 1, 365. 4, 76a (Then
were no windows in the hall, and it received
light through the door; or according to Eo-
Btath. because it protected Irom tbe heat)
W90CC, IL 5, 525. Od. 8^ 374.

cxtQteno, optat pres. OKt^&sw, aor. 1 inlm.
fnci^tn^ai,' Batr. 60; to leap, to sprit^, im
a^vqar, upon the earth, * B. 20^ 296 ; tad
V. 228, inl vAta, ^nlttOfnig.

ifHohog, 17, OTf crooked, cwred^ iertmom.
Mique; metaph. onoUag mQivnp -^dfuomi.
to give perverse judgments, IL 16, 387. f

^Xo^ff, oftog^ 6 (fh>m nHog}, a bodr
having a sharp point, a spii, IL 18^ 177. i)
Espec. a stakej a pah for forti^'ng the waBs
of towns and eneampmmilB, II. S, 9i3. 15^ 1.



Online LibraryG. Ch. (Gottlieb Christian) CrusiusA complete Greek and English lexicon of the poems of Homer and the Homeridae ... from the German of G. Ch. Crusius → online text (page 84 of 100)