Gaston Camille Charles Maspero.

Manual of Egyptian Archaeology and Guide to the Study of Antiquities in Egypt online

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(26) The only signs of portcullises are those in the vestibule or
antechamber.

(27) No traces of three of the portcullises remain, if they ever existed,
and the other never could reach the floor or interrupt the passage, so its
use is enigmatical.

(28) There is some evidence that the pyramid was opened in the early days,
perhaps before the middle kingdom.

(29) Two rows of beams which rest on the side wall as corbels or
cantilevers, only touching at the top, without necessarily any thrust. Such
at least is the case in the queen's chamber, and in the pyramid of Pepi,
where such a roof is used.

(30) The end walls have sunk throughout a considerable amount, and the side
walls have separated; thus all the beams of the upper chambers have been
dragged, and every beam of the roof of the chamber is broken through. This
is probably the result of earthquakes.

(31) This only covered the lower sixteen courses; the larger part above it
was of limestone.

(32) Similar finished faces may be seen as far in as near the middle of the
mass. This is not a true pyramid in form, but a cumulative mastaba, the
faces of which are at the mastaba angle (75°), and the successive
enlargements of which are shown by numerous finished facings now within the
masonry. The step form is the result of carrying upwards the mastaba form,
at the same time that it was enlarged outwards.

(33) Not in all cases apparently, for the hieroglyphs on the passage of
Pepi's pyramid are not injured, as they would be if plugs had been
withdrawn.

(34) Pepi's roof is formed by a row of large beams which rested
independently on the side walls as corbels or cantilevers (see Note 29).

(35) The mastaba angle is 75°, and the pyramid angle 50° to 55°.

(36) Its present appearance is an accident of its demolition; it was
originally, like the "step-pyramid" of Sakkarah, a cumulative mastaba, as
is shown by the remains of the lower steps still in the mounds at its base,
and by the mediaeval description of it.




INDEX


Aahhotep, 157, 323-30.
Aahhotep II., 288-9.
Aalû, fields of, 163-4, 167.
Abacus, 52-4, 58, 61, 116.
Abi, 273.
Abû Roash, 113, 134.
Abû Simbel
(see TEMPLES, etc.).
Abûsîr, 114, 131, 134, 138, 140.
Abydos
(see FORTRESSES, TEMPLES, TOMBS, etc.).
Acacia, 203, 274.
Adze, of iron, 283, 304.
Affi
(see TOMB).
Agate, 247.
Ahmes I., 267, 307, 317, 323, 324, 325, 326, 327, 328, 329.
Ahmes II., 269 and note.
(see AMASIS).
Ahmesnefertari, 288-9.
Ahnas el Medineh, 259.
Aï, 15, 155, 158.
Aimadûa
(see TOMB).
Akhonûti, 16.
Alabaster, 6, 42, 47, 65, 128, 141, 166, 169, 180, 252, 253-4.
Albumen, 203.
Alexander, his tomb, 242.
Alexander II., colossus of, 241.
Alexandria, 52, 241, 243, 303.
Alumina, 260.
Amasis, 269 and note, 302
(see AHMES II.).
Amber, 247.
Ambras Collection, in Vienna, 272 (note).
Amen
(see GODS).
Amen Ra
(see GODS).
Amenemhat II., 76, 322.
Amenemhat III., 76, 143, 228
(see MOERIS).
Amenhotep I., 157, 229, 287.
Amenhotep II., 53.
Amenhotep III., 67, 69, 76, 77, 80, 103, 147, 158, 179, 226, 229, 230, 266,
275, 312, 318.
(see MEMNON).
Ameni
(see TOMB).
Ameni Entef Amenemhat, 107.
Ameniritis, 235 and note.
Amethyst, 246, 250.
Amphorae 35, 36, 127, 264.
Ampullae, 269.
Amset, genius, 258 (note).
Amulets, materials and forms of, 100, 167, 246-50, 259, 265, 286.
Ancient Empire, -
art of
(see BAS-RELIEF, SCULPTURE, and STATUE).
domestic architecture of, 19.
fortress of, 27.
tombs of
(see MASTABAS and PYRAMIDS).
Andro-sphinx, 89, 228-9.
Angareb, or Nubian bed, 281, 292.
Anhûr
(see GODS).
Ankh, 286, 288.
Ankhnesraneferab, sarcophagus of, 165 (note).
Anklets, 321.
Anna
(see TOMB).
Antelopes, 176, 299, 326.
Antimony, 254, 267
(see KOHL).
Antonines, 244, 245.
Antoninus Pius, his chapel at Philae, 100.
Anubis
(see GODS).
Anvil, 313.
Apapi, the serpent, 164.
Ape, 171, 176, 199, 254, 269, 322.
Apepi, King of Avaris, 228.
Apet
(see GODDESSES, TAÛRT, THÛERIS).
Apis
(see GODS).
Apries, 269 and note, 311
(see HOPHRA and UAHABRA).
Aquamarine, the, 246.
Arabs, -
their destructive conquest, 134.
their name for table of offerings, 107.
Archers, 29, 184.
Architecture, -
military, 24-34.
of private dwellings, 1-20.
of public works, 34-45.
temples, 46-110.
tombs, 111-168.
(see MASTABAS, PYRAMIDS, etc.).
Architraves, 46, 52, 53, 54, 63, 65, 93.
Argo, colossi of, 227.
Arms, 157, 166.
battle-axe, 329.
boomerangs, 273, 329.
bows and arrows, 184, 329.
bronze, 305.
lance, 232.
poignards, 273, 327-8.
Arsenic, sulphuret of, orpiment, 203.
Ascalon, 31.
Asia, 91, 312.
Asia Minor, 248, 280, 320.
Asimû
(see ELECTRUM).
Ass, in drawings, 171, 175.
Assyria, invasion of Egypt by, 314.
Astronomical tables, 92-4, 164.
Asûan, 45, 53, 67, 148-50, 209 and note, 226, 228, 256 (note),
259, 265.
(see SYENE and TOMBS).
Athena, 302.
Athens, bronze of the Lady Takûshet at, 308.
Ati, pyramid of, 142.
Avaris, 228.
Avenue of Sphinxes, 67.
at Karnak, 87, 88-9, 230.
Axe, -
battle, 327, 329.
iron, 304.
stone, 201.
Axûm, obelisk at, 106.

Ba, or Bi, the soul, 111, 112.
abode of the, 128.
abode of the, its decoration, 142, 156-7, 162-5.
following the sun at night, 159.
statuettes to serve as body for, 167.
transmigration of, 164.
Bab el Mandeb, 109 (note).
Ba-en-pet, 196 and note.
(see IRON).
Bakenrenf
(see TOMB).
Bakhtan, stela of, 109 and note.
Bari, or boat of the Sun, 108.
Barks, sacred and funerary, 66, 77, 95, 108, 159, 164, 166, 249, 301,
329-30.
Basalt, 42, 127, 169, 196, 236, 237, 252.
Basilisk, 201
(see URAEUS.)
Bas-relief, -
Abû Simbel, 229.
Egyptian forms of, 197-9.
gems, 249.
gilded, 313.
ivory, 273.
models for study of, 197.
New Empire, 228-9.
painting of, 205-6.
preparation of walls for, 192-3.
Roman period, 245.
sketches for, 193-5.
speos of Horemheb, 232.
Tell el Amarna, 231.
Temple of Abydos, 232.
Tomb of Seti I., 232.
(See PAINTING, SCULPTURE, and WALL-SCENES.)
Bast
(see GODDESSES).
Bastions, 28, 29, 32.
Battlements, 14, 24, 25, 32, 50.
Beads, 168, 247, 261, 324.
Beams, 6, 30.
of stone, 140.
Beard, -
false, of statue of Horemheb, 233.
of sphinx, 208.
Bedawîn, 20, 42, 101.
Beds, 281, 292.
funerary, 292-4.
Beer, at funerary feast, 180.
Beetles
(see SCARABAEI).
Begig, obelisk of, 105.
Beit el Wally
(see TEMPLES and HEMI-SPEOS).
Beni Hasan
(see TOMBS).
Beni Sûef, 38.
Berlin Museum, parure of jewels at, 322.
Bersheh
(see TOMBS).
Bes
(see GODS).
Bezel, of rings, 321-2, 331.
Bi
(see BA).
Bird, human-handed, 91.
Birket el Kûrûn, lake of, 38, 39.
Blocks, building, -
dressing, 47, Notes 6 and 7.
in pyramids, 132, Note 15, 139, Note 33.
raising, 49.
sizes, 49.
working, 49, Note 7.
Boats, toy, 282.
transport by, 45, 132.
(See BARKS.)
Bonding, 48-9.
Bone, work in, 272-3.
Book of Knowing that which is in Hades, 172.
Book of Ritual of Burial, 157.
Book of Ritual of Embalmment, 157.
Book of the Dead, 129, 157, 165, 172-5, 205, 284-5.
Book of the Opening of the Mouth, 165.
Bowls, of blue glazed pottery, 268.
Bracelets, 249, 276, 308, 324-5, 331, 332.
Braces, 298, 327.
Bread, -
making of, depicted in tombs, etc., 124, 127, 224.
offerings of, 166.
Breccia, 42, 236, 254.
Bricks, -
baked, 4.
for pyramids, 132.
glazed, 4, 270, Note 4.
in civil and military architecture, 46.
making of, 3-4, Notes 2 and 3.
of mud and straw, 3, 114.
sun-dried, 3, 21, 113-14, 145.
without straw, 113, 145.
Brickwork, -
civil and military architecture, 46.
dikes, 38.
domestic architecture, 3,5-6.
enclosure walls of temples, 67, 87.
foundations, 48.
mastabas, 113, 114.
panels, 22.
pyramid-mastabas, 145-6.
undulating courses, 22, 27.
Bridge of Zarû, 35.
Bridges, rarity of, 35.
British Museum, 171, 270 (note), 272 (note), 295, 303.
Brocade (polymita), 303.
Bronze, 105, 195, 196, 248, 260, 261, 304 _et seq._, 328.
Bronzes, 307-12.
Brush, hair, 203.
reed, 170, 171.
Bubastis, 1, 52, 58, 88, 266, 308, 310
(see TELL BASTA).
Bubastites
(see DYNASTY XXII.).
"Bûlak, Wooden Man of," 214 (note).
(see RAEMKA and SHEIKH EL BELED).
Bull, 199.
(see GODS, APIS).
Burin, 305, 325.

Cabinet-making, 124. 273. 282 _et seq._
Caesars
(see ROMAN PERIOD).
Calaite, 247.
Caligula, 245.
Cameos, 332.
Canaanites, 31.
Canal of Zarû, 35.
Canals, 37, 45.
Canopic vases, 167, 252-3, 258-9, 292.
Canopy, funerary, 293-5, 299-301.
Capitals
(see COLUMNS and PILLARS).
Caricatures, 171-2.
Carnelian, 247, 250, 324, 325, 328.
Cartonnage, 167.
Cartouches, 4, 48, 61, 250, 262, 271, 278, 299, 302, 322, 323, 324, 326,
328, 329.
Caryatid statues, 288.
Casing stones, 47, 65, Notes 7 and 9, 132, Note 15, 134, Note 20, 138,
Note 32.
Cat, 171, 172, 311.
Cattle, 13, 25, 155.
Cedar wood, 329.
Ceiling decoration, 18-9, 92, 94, 141, 163-4.
Cella, 58.
Cellars, 35, 36.
Cement, 52, 192, 194.
Census, 155.
Ceremonies, religious, performed by king, 95-7, 101-3.
Chains, 155, 325-6.
measuring, 155.
Chairs, 179, 281, 295-6.
Champollion, 26, 55, 271.
Chapel, -
furniture of, 166.
of mastabas, 116 _et pas._
of pyramids, 131 _et pas._, 144.
painting and sculpture in, 121 _et seq._, 141-2.
reception room of Ka, 118 _et seq._
(See ABÛSÎR, ABYDOS, AMENHOTEP, AMENI, APIS, DAHSHÛR, GIZEH, GÛRNEH,
KHNÛMHOTEP, MEDINET HABÛ, MEROË, RAMESSEUM, THÛERIS.)
Chariots, 183, 292.
Chenoboscion, 45 (note).
(see KASR ES SAÎD).
Cheops
(see KHÛFÛ).
Chephren
(see KHAFRA).
Chester, the Rev. G.J., 303 (note).
Chests, 281, 283.
Chisels, 45, 195, 214, 304.

Chlamys, 242.
Chrysoprase, 246.
Cinnabar, 203.
Cisterns, 41.
Claudius, 245.
Clay, potter's, of Nile valley, 254-5.
(see BRICKS, POTTERY).
Clerestory, 71.
Coffins, 157, 259
(see MUMMY-CASES and SARCOPHAGI).
Coins and medals, no Egyptian, 313.
Collar, Order of the Golden, 155.
Colonnade, 17, 48, 67-8, 75, 79.
Colossi, 83, 103, 106, 202, 226-30, 232, 241.
Columns, monolithic, and built in courses, 52.
campaniform, 56-9.
Hathor-headed, 61-2.
lotus-bud, 59-61.
types of, 55.
Concrete, 128.
Cones, funerary, 166, 257.
Contra Esneh, 57.
Contra Latopolis, 61.
(see EL KAB).
Copper, 35, 105, 203, 304, 305, 321.
Coptic embroidery, 303 and note.
Coptos (Koft), 1, 243, 245, 303.
Coral, 247.
"Corbelling," 51, 52.
Corn, 36-7, 97.
Cornice, 9, 15, 24, 50, 53, 61, 148.
Cos, 302.
Courtyard, -
of houses, 9, 16.
of temples, 67, 144.
Covering walls, 25, 29, 30, 32.
Cramps, metal, 48.
Crane, machine, 49,
Crio-sphinx, 88, 89.
Crocodile, 171, 189.
Cruets, 318, 320.
Crypts, of temples, 75, 84.
Crystals, 250.
Cups, -
of glazed pottery, 268.
of gold and silver, 316-17.
Curtain wall, 30.
Curve, favourite ancient Egyptian, 283.
Cylinders, of enamelled stone, 265.
Cynocephali, 164, 167, 199, 322.
Cyprus, supposed glass of, 263.

Dahshûr, 113, 114, 131, 134, 142, 323.
Dakkeh, 2.
Damanhûr, 332.
Dams, -
embanked, 38.
of stone, 40-1.
Dancers, 177, 178.
Daphnae, 36 and note
(see TAHPANHES and TELL DEFENNEH).
Dapûr, 30, 31.
Date palms, 15, 274.
Decani, 93.
Decoration, subjects of, 11, 12, 18-20, 21-2.
geometrical, 19, 256, 258, 295, 298.
(See COLUMNS, PAINTING, SCULPTURE.)
Deir el Baharî, 51, 53, 61, 83, 85 and note, 109 (note), 180, 229, 264,
266, 287, 299, 302.
Deir el Gebrawî
(see TOMBS).
Deirel Medineh
(see TEMPLES).
Delta, the, 4, 31, 37, 209, 235, 241, 243, 310, 311.
Denderah
(see TEMPLES).
Derr, 84.
Deveria, T., 196 (note).
Dice, of ivory, 273.
Die, of column, 57.
Dike, -
of Kosheish, 38.
Wady Garraweh, 40.
Wady Genneh, 41.
Diorite, 42, 169, 196, 224, 254.
Disc, winged, 294.
Dolls, 282.
Dôm palms, 15, 274, 318.
Door, 9, 25, 68, 104, 135, 150, 151, 160, 285.
false, for KA, 115, 119-21, 125, 130, 141.
Door-jambs, 26, 46, 47, 116, 119, 151.
Double, the
(see KA).
Dovetails, 48.
Drah Abû'l Neggeh, 147, 158, 266.
Draught-box, 273.
Drawing, 169-70.
conventional system of, 175-9.
teaching of, 169-70.
want of perspective in, 182-91.
(See PAINTING AND SCULPTURE.)
Dress, 219, 274-6, 327.
articles of, -
braces, 298, 327.
girdle, 178, 274, 278.
head-dress, 241, 276, 286.
kilt, 201, 275.
klaft, 227, 267.
petticoat, 276, 286.
robe, embroidered, 308.
sandals, 168, 286, 298.
surcoat, 302.
tunic, 225, 279.
vest, 275, 286.
wig, 236, 275, 286, 308, 310.
Drill, 195, 247, 250, 282.
Duality, 96-7.
Ducks, 15, 20, 306.
Dümichen, 109 (note).
Dwarf, statue of, 224-6.
Dynasty III. (Memphite), -
possible wood panels of, 210.
Dynasty IV. (Memphite), -
decoration, 89-90.
funerary temples, 64 and note, 66.
mastabas of, 117, 118, 124, 125, 126, 128.
obelisks, 104.
pigments, 202 (note).
pyramids, 134-7, 140.
sarcophagus, 19, 20, 21.
scarabaei, 250.
statuary, 214.
Dynasty V. (Memphite), -
Abydos, 22.
elephants, 273.
flesh tints, 204.
ivory statuette, 273.
mastabas, 117, 119, 120, 122.
models of offerings, 252.
monuments, 208-9.
painters' palettes, 202.
panels, carved wood, 210.
pyramids, 139-40.
tables of offerings, 107.
Dynasty VI. (Elephantine), -
in Abydos, Asûan, the Delta, Hermopolis, Thebes, 209 and note.
bricks, 113.
flesh tints, 204.
fortress, 2.
mastabas, 157.
pyramids, 140, 142.
scarabaei, 250.
tomb-paintings, 21.
tombs, 128, 129, 130, 149 (note), 155, 204, 209 (note).
Dynasty XI. (Theban), -
blue glaze, 265-6.
canopic vases, 167.
chairs, 295.
fortress, 23.
funerary statuettes, 253.
mummy-cases, 286.
statuary, 226.
tombs, 147.

Dynasty XII. (Theban), -
blue glaze, 266.
fortress, 23, 28.
houses, 7, 8, 12, 281-2.
jewellery 322, 323
(see KAHÛN).
Karnak, 76.
models of offerings, 252.
pyramids 132, 142, 143.
statuary, 228, 229.
temples, 66.
tombs 149 (note), 156
(see BENI HASAN).
Dynasty XIII. (Theban), -
funerary couch, 293-4.
Karnak, 76.
statuary, 226-7, 229, 273-4.
statuettes, 233, 273.
Dynasty XIV. (Xoïte), -
Karnak, 76.
statuary, 226-7.
Dynasty XVII. (Theban), -
draught-box, 273.
jewellery, 323 _et seq_.
sarcophagi, 287.
Dynasty XVIII. (Theban), -
in Abydos, 22.
blue glaze, 268.
Book of the Dead, 173.
bronzes, 307.
canopic vases, 258.
chair, 296-7 (note).
colossi, 229-30.
domestic architecture, 14 _et seq_.
gold and silver plate, 316, 318, 319, 320.
gold and silver statues, 314-15.
jewellery, 323 _et seq_.
Karnak, 76-7.
in Memphis, 88.
mummy-cases, 288-9.
painters' palettes, 202.
scarabaei, 250.
sculpture, 229-31.
Speos-sanctuaries, 82, 83, 85.
stelae, 45.
in Thebes, 88-9.
tomb-paintings, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17.
tombs, 155 _et seq_.
wars, 31.
Dynasty XIX. (Theban), -
blue glaze of, 268.
bronzes, 307.
colossi, 234.
domestic architecture, 19.
flesh tints, 205.
fortifications, 31, 34.
gold and silver plate, 317, 321.
gold and silver statues, 314.
jewellery, 331.
Karnak, 78.
mummy-cases, 289.
tombs, 158 _et pas_.
Dynasty XX. (Theban), -
blue glaze, 268.
canopic vases, 258.
domestic architecture, 19.
fortresses 33
(see MEDINET HABÛ).
gold and silver plate, 317.
jewellery, 332.
leather-work, 300, 301.
sketches, 171.
stela of Bakhtan, 109 (note).
temple of Khonsû, 70-2.
tiles (Tell el Yahûdeh), 270-2.
tomb-paintings, 20.
tomb-robberies, 323.
tombs, 158 _et pas_..
varnish, 203-4.
wood-carving, 235, 274.
Dynasty XXI. (Priest-kings), -
papyri, 174.
sculpture, 228.
tomb 158 (tomb of Herhor).
Dynasty XXII. (Bubastite), -
bronzes, 307.
leather-work, 299, 300.
Karnak, 79.
Dynasty XXV. (Ethiopian), -
art, 235.
Karnak, 79.
Dynasty XXVI. (Saïte), -
ampullae, 268, 269.
bronzes, 307, 311-12.
glass, 263.
gold statuettes, 315.
Renaissance, 235 _et seq._
sculpture, 236 _et seq._
table of offerings, 252.
tombs, 165.
Dynasty XXXI. (Persian), -
tapestry, 303.

Earrings, 331, 332.
Earthquake, -
building to resist, 22.
of B.C. 27, at Karnak, 79.
of B.C. 22, at Thebes, 244.
Ebony, 295, 323.
Edfû
(see TEMPLES).
Edinburgh Museum, funerary canopy in, 293-4.
Eggs, 259.
Egypt Exploration Fund, -
at Bersheh, 148 (note).
at Bubastis, 52 (note).
at Daphnae, 36 (note).
at Deir el Baharî, 83, 85.
at Pithom, 36 (note).
at Tanis, 104 (note).
at Tell Gemayemi, 200 (note), 262 (note).
Ekhmîm, 14, 247, 259, 291, 293, 297, 303 and note.
El Agandiyeh, 1.
El Hibeh, 2, 33.
at Beni Hasan, 148 (note).
El Kab, 2, 20, 26, 27, 54, 69, 88, 228, 265
(see CONTRA LATOPOLIS).
El Khozam, 256.
Electrum, 304, 312, 313.
Elephant, 273.
Elephantine, 148, 209 (note), 273, 275.
(see TEMPLES).
Embroidery, 276, 302, 303, 308.
Emerald, 41, 246, 250.
Enamel, 265-72.
in jewellery, 289, 322, 325, 327.
Erman, on Stela of Bakhtan, 109 (note).
Erment, 247.
Esneh, 92, 144, 245.
Ethiopia, 106, 318.
Ethiopian Dynasty
(see DYNASTY XXV.).
Etruria, imitated scarabs of, 248.
Eye, -
as amulet, 247-8.
in decoration, 268.
on sarcophagi, 285.
sacred, 168.
(See ÛTA).
Eyes of statues, 261, 310.

Fan, 323.
Fayûm, the, 19, 38, 39, 66, 105, 134, 243, 259, 261, 304.
Feast, -
funerary, 118, 123, 125, 166.
funerary of Horemheb, 179-80.
Feasts, 118.
Felspar, 247, 250, 324, 328, 329.
Ferry, 34.
Feshn, 33.
Figs, 267.
Fires, 2, 12.
Fire-sticks, 282.
Fish, -
in decoration, 268, 278, 316.
in enamel, 267.
offerings of, 228.
Florence Museum, Egyptian war-chariot in, 292 (note).
Flowers
(see LOTUS), -
in temples, 67.
offerings of, 180, 228.
Fords, 34.
Fortresses, 20-34.
of Abydos, 20-6.
of El Kab, 20, 27.
of Kom el Ahmar, 25, 26.
of Kûmmeh, 28-9.
of Semneh, 28-30.
Foundations, 47, 48.
Frieze, 97.
Frog, as amulet, 247.
Frontier, 28, 31, 36-7.
Furnaces, glass, 259, 260.
Furniture, 281-4.
ancient Egyptian love of beautiful, 246.
funerary, 128, 166-8, 251 _et seq._, 292 _et seq._
funerary, of poor, 167-8, 255.

Galleries, -
in houses, 17.
Garden, of private house, 13, 14, 15.
Garnet, 246.
scarabaei of, 250.
Gazelle, 123, 128, 153, 171, 176, 180, 252.
Gebel Abûfeydeh, 44, 45.
Gebel Barkal
(see TEMPLES).
Gebel Sheikh Herideh, 45.
Gebel Silsileh
(see TEMPLES).
Gebeleyn, 33, 256.
Geese, 15, 19, 166, 171, 177, 296, 306.
Genii, 159, 164, 258 (note).
of On, Sop, and Khonû, 96, 324.
Gerf Husein, 85.
Girgeh, 14, 38.
Gizeh
(see PYRAMIDS, TEMPLES, TOMBS).
Gizeh, Museum, 4, 106, 107, 171, 174, 195, 214, 216-26, 227, 229, 232-3,
237, 239, 241, 242, 244, 262, 265, 267, 268, 271, 273, 274, 275,
278, 286, 298, 301, 306, 307, 308, 309, 315, 316, 323-30, 331.
Glass, 259-65.
factories, at El Kab, the Ramesseum, Tell el Amarna, Tell Eshmûneyn, 265.
factory at Tell Gemayemi, 262 (note).
Glazed stone and ware, 165-72
(see POTTERY).
Goat, 176.
Gods, -
Amen, 33, 97, 101, 104, 105, 109, 171, 231, 232, 249, 268, 289, 307, 315,
327.
Amen Ra, 96.
Anhûr, 311.
Anubis, 168, 304.
Apis, 147, 263.
Bes, 53, 57, 254, 277, 318.
Harpocrates, 307.
Hor (Horus), 96, 105.
Horus (Hor), 64, 96, 105, 207, 259, 267, 309-10, 314.
Khonsû, 60, 64, 70, 72, 74, 75, 97, 109 and note, 235.
Mentû, 97, 329.
Min, 118.
Nefertûm, 310, 314.
Osiris, 20, 53, 54, 95, 142, 168, 189, 237, 249, 304.
Ptah, 168, 315.
Ra, 208, 327.
Ra Harmakhis, 105.
Seb, 324.
Set (Typhon), 96, 196.
Shû, 311.
Thoth, 96, 118, 167, 259, 314.
Tûm, 105.
Goddesses, -
Apet, 237 (note).
Bast, 168, 311.
Hathor, 53, 54, 55, 61, 62, 69, 70, 82, 83, 97, 168, 237.
Isis, 95, 241, 247, 249, 250, 287, 294, 310, 314.
Khûit, 259.
Ma, 262, 294.
Maut, 97, 289.
Neith, 250.
Nekheb, 92.
Nephthys, 237, 249, 250, 287, 294, 310.
Pakhet, 42, 82.
Sekhet, 250, 277, 311.
Sothis, 118.
Taûrt, 237 (note).
Tefnût, 311.
Thûeris, 237.
Ûati, 92.
Gold, 11, 304, 312-21.
Goldsmith, 313.
Golenischeff, 228.
Gouge, 195.
Granaries, 1, 10, 36.
Granite, 6, 47, 66, 76, 103, 132, 136, 137, 169,196, 197, 199, 214, 247,
254, 290.
black, 42, 165, 233.
grey, 41, 236, 244.
red, 42, 52, 65, 77, 107, 127, 165, 232, 236.
Grapes, models, 166, 267.
Greeks, -
Egyptian fortification in time of, 34.
Egyptian patterns among, 320.
their imitation scarabs, 248.
their influence on astronomical tables, 93.
their influence on columns, 56.
their influence on jewellery, 332.
their influence on sculpture, 241-4.
their peripteral temples, 69.
their similar system of building construction, 48.
their theory of mounds, 5.
(See PTOLEMAIC PERIOD.)
Grenfell, Major-General Sir F., 149 (note), and 209 (note).
Greyhound, in drawings, 176.
Griffith, F. Ll., 200 (note), 262 (note).
Grindstone, 247.
Gum tragacanth, 203.
Gûrneh, 60.
Gypsum, 203.

Hadrian, 243, 245 (note).
Hairpins, 277.
Hammamat, valley of, 41.
Hammer, 195, 313.
Hapi, genius, 258 (note).
Hapizefa
(see TOMB).
Harpocrates
(see GODS).
Hatasû
(see HATSHEPSÛT).
Hathor
(see GODDESSES).
Hatshepsût (Hatasû), 42, 77, 85, 104, 105, 109 and note, 296 (note), 313
and note.
Hawara, 257, 291.
Hawk, 254, 259, 267, 322, 326.
Haworth, Mr. Jesse, 296 (note).
Headrest, 128, 166, 277.
Hedgehog, 254, 267.
Hekalli, 144.
Heliopolis, 26, 32, 103, 104, 309.
Helwân, dam at baths of, 40.
Hematite, 247, 250.
Hemi-speos, -
Beit el Wally, 84, 205 (note), 235.
Deir el Baharî, 83, 85.
Derr, 84.
Gerf Husein, 85.
Wady Sabûah, 85.
Herhor, 158, 261, 288.
Hermopolis, 209.
Herodotus, 38, 39-40, 88, 195.
Hesî, 210.
Hieroglyphs, 55, 60, 180, 236, 257, 261-2 and note, 268, 270, 284, 285,
289, 300, 316, 325.
Hippopotamus, 189, 236.
Hittites, 31, 185.
(see KHETA).
Honey, 203, 254.
Hophra, the biblical, 269.
Hor Horus
(see GODS).
Hor, portrait statue of one, 242.
Horbeit, 311, 312.
Horemheb, 50, 52, 53, 82, 155, 158, 179-80, 205, 231, 232, 233.
Horhotep
(see TOMB).
Hori Ra, wooden statuette of, 275.
Hori, scribe, ûshabtiû of, 257.
Horn, objects in, 272.
Horse, date of introduction of, 153-4.
Horshesû, 64 and note. 207.
Horus
(see GODS).
Horûta, 257.
Houses, 1-20.
Hûi
(see TOMB).
Hûnefer, his papyrus, 173-4.
Huts, 20, 8.
Hyksos sphinxes
(see PERIOD).
Hypostyle hall, 72, 74, 76, 89, 92, 102, 106.
Abû Simbel, 84.
Abydos, 60, 85-6.
Gûrneh, 60.
Kalaat Addah, 82.
Karnak, 34 (note), 46, 57, 60, 62-3,76, 78, 79, 100.
temple of Khonsû, 71.
Medinet Habû, 60.
Ramesseum, 57, 60.

Ibis, 259.
Ibrahim, Prince, 240.
Illahûn, 39, 143.
Incense, 95, 126, 273.
Ink, black, 4, 170, 193, 285.
red, 44, 170, 171, 193, 285.
Inscriptions, absence of in Temple of Sphinx, 66.
obelisk, 313 and note.
pyramid of Ûnas, 163.
sarcophagi, 127, 157, 165.
tombs, 141-2, 151, 155-6.
(See HIEROGLYPHS).
Iron, 195-7, 304.
Irrigation, 35, 37-41.
Isiemkheb, 180, 299-300.
Isis
(see GODDESSES).
Italy, Egyptian patterns in, 320.
Ivory, 272, 273-4, 283.

Jade, 254.
Jasper, 247, 250.
Jewellery, 249, 321-33.
Jews, 303.
Jomard, 55.

Kaâpir
(see TOMB).
Kadesh (Qodshû), 31, 101, 185, 187.
Kahûn, Twelfth Dynasty Town, 1, 6 (note), 7, 282.
Kalaat Addah
(see TEMPLES).
Kalabsheh
(see TEMPLES).
Kames, 323, 330.
Ka, or Double, 111, 112, 118, 130, 141-2, 156-7, 162, 163, 165-7, 212-14,
257.
Ka-name of Pepi I, 270.
Karnak
(see TEMPLES).
Kashta, 235 (note).
Kasr es Saîd
(see CHENOBOSCION).
Kebhsennef, 258 (note).
Keneh, 265, 332.
Khabiûsokari
(see TOMB).
Khafra (Chephren), 89, 133, 137, 134, 214, 217-18, 224, 253.
Khamha
(see TOMB).
Kheper, or Khepra
(see SCARABAEI).
Kheta, 101, 185, 187-8.
Khetî
(see TOMB).
Khmûnû, 148.
Khnûmhotep
(see TOMB).
Khonsû
(see GODS).
Khonû, 96, 324.
Khû, the, 111, 112.
Khûenaten (Amenhotep IV.), 15, 155, 230.
Khûfû (Cheops), 133, 134-7, 206, 312, 314.
Khûfû Poskhû, 20, 22.
Khûit
(see GODDESSES).
Klaft, 227, 306.
Knives, 304, 306.
Koft, I
(see COPTOS).
Kohl (antimony, collyrium), 254, 266, 273.
Kom ed Damas, 242.
Kom el Ahmar, 2, 25, 26.
Kom es Sultan, 21, 23, 27.
Kom Ombo
(see OMBOS and TEMPLES).


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Online LibraryGaston Camille Charles MasperoManual of Egyptian Archaeology and Guide to the Study of Antiquities in Egypt → online text (page 20 of 21)