Copyright
Julius Caesar.

Caesar's Commentaries on the Gallic war, with a vocabulary and notes online

. (page 1 of 37)
Online LibraryJulius CaesarCaesar's Commentaries on the Gallic war, with a vocabulary and notes → online text (page 1 of 37)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


TWEASUKr- KtKJM



COL. GEORGE WASHINGTON FLOWERS
MEMORIAL COLLECTION




DUKE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY
DURHAM, N. C.



PRESENTED BY

W. W. FLOWERS



Ol ^ -



H



.COMMMTAR.IES.



GALLfC WAR,






iOT;



m






i •
Bi STERLING, CAM

IS






• Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year

By WILLIAM BINGHAM,
In the Clerk's Office of the .District Court of the Confederate Sta;
for' the District of Pamlico, North Carolina.



m




W ROVERS COUrXTfOlf



P R EFACE.

This edition of Caesar has been prepared with reference to the
wants of pupils a? ed in the recitation room.

The not. inpipally grammatical, the intention being to

1 • student such assistance mly as will enable him to find out.

1 11 thor's meaning f f, while that pernicious help which

i diligent effort unnecessary, has refully withheld.

to rcuder the vocabulary sufficient for

* of the text, and to remedy the defects

win-. een found to exist in the vocabularies attached to the

''je classics heretofore most generally used in our

schools. Each word is traced hack to the ultimate radical on which

formed ; the original signification is given, as far as practica-

and the n^oro diflicult phr ' ich it occurs are explained.

jfcpw far the editoi it is left with

i the wor' their hands

that it n nan

lly.

Dec, 1863. IL



3a.'}-



JUL RIS




|imentario.r:um

DE BELLO GALLTCO



LIB



i. ;:•'■:• luarum unam' iueo-

tani, tertian), qui- rpsorum 3 lingua CeltJe,

■;: Ga 1 ' ; Hi omnes 1 ingua, 4 ins^itutis, legib.us inter



Belc



I



i TenintaHBaii sis Garumnn fiumen, a Belgis Mat-

iq '••.-.; -uiii omnium fortissiini sunt Belgsc,-

propferea quod a eultu atque hi i provincial longissime ab-

que ad eoa mereafcores szcpe 6 commeant, atque ea, qmo
amnios pert' 1 important : proximiqtfe sunt

qpiibliscuni c ntiuenter bei-
ge runt : qna°'de Causal ; uoquo reliqu
pnccodu ere quotidiani GerAnis contendunt,
q'uunj aut suis finibua 11 ( os.prolubent, aut ipsi in corum finibus bel-
lum , quam ncre dictum est/" ;

ia'ruiuna flunnne,
isMetHelvi
Belgre ab extremis Gal-






. ■
iioo

11

• ' ot here included

ie torhi t>V.
-■ Q" .Viio : "' \ 129, /T

'. "their own ;" rntlic"

than sua.
. ■ I .

utary

boundary .- hence th


■ I • ■ •■



8. Qern anis, J 14:

9. Qua. I 129. AVm 9.

10. Yirtute, 3 :■
I 88.

nts of
lentiy

Ml.

I



*



30940



DE BELLO GALLICO



liaifinibus oriuntur; pertinent ad inferiorem partem fluminisRheni:

spectant in septemtriones et orientemsolem. Aquitaniaa Garumna

Sumine ad Pyrenaeos montes et earn partem. Oceani, qua? est ad His-

pauiara, pertinet ; spectat inter occasum solis et septemtriones.

i

II. Apud Helvetios longe nobilissimus et ditissimus*fui.t Orget-

orix. Is, M. Messala et M. Pisone Coss., 1 regni cupiditate induc-
tus, 2 conjurationem nobilitatis" fecit, et civitati 3 persuasit, ut de fin-
ibus suis cum omnibus copiis exirent : 4 perfacile e&ieAa^ftS virtute
omnibus prcestarent, 6 totius Galliee imperio 7 potiri. 5 * pi hot 3 facilius
eis persunsit, quod undique loci natura Helvetii edntinentur : una
ex parte 10 flumine Rheno, 11 latissimo atque altissimo, qui agrum
Helvetium a Germanis.dividit ; altera ex parte monte Jura 11 altis-
sim'qy qui est inter Sequanos efc Helvetios; tertia lacu Lemanno et
flumine Rhodano, qui provinciam nostram ab Helvetiis dividit4 His
rebus fiebat, 1 ? ut et minus late ragarcntur, 4 et minus facile finitiiiii?
bellum inferre pqssent : 4 . qua ,de causa haraines bellandi 13 cupidi
magno-dolore afficiebantur.* Pro 14 muititudine autefji homiflum, et
pro gloria belli atque fortitudinis, 15 angustos se fines habere arbitra-
bantur, qui in longitudinem millia 10 passuum CCXL, in latitudinem
CLXXX patebant.

III. His rebus adduoti, 1 et auctoritate Orgetorigis permoti, 1 conJ
stituerunt ea. qujc ad proficiscendum pertinerent,?tcomparare; s ju-
mentorum et carrorum quam 4 maximum numerum cfcemere: !: semen-
tes i • >• faeorr." 1 nt in itinere copia frumenti supneter-
et ; 5 cum proxiruis oivitatibus pa»em et amicitiam confirmare. Ad



II. 1. Consirfibus^lSu, Bern. 1.

2. Inductus, |185, 2, (?, .)

3. Civitati,- $141.

4. Exirent, §193.

5. Perfacile esse, "That itjras'a very
easy thing;" — an impersonal ex-
pression, ace. T?ftl> infinitive depeud-

' ing on the verb of saying implied in

uura— prtBstarent. "i?ince they ex-
celled ,-" §205, a.

tperio, $15.9, Rem. 6.
8. Potiri, §173.
?. Hoc, §159.

'it. Una tx parte limits eontintutur un-
derstood.

'lumine Rheno; &e. Observe th«
difference of idiom :

English. By ttie Shine, a very
. ' brond and deepfrivtr.

Latin. By the river Rhine, [which
k) very broad and deep.

, '*It came to pass," " it



peti»d." Fit is frequent!;
impersonally in the sense #f ; .
pens.

13. Bellandi, $136, Rule IX. ft.

14. Pro, '-In proportii

15. Gloria belli atque fortitudinisj,
" Their renowiBp war and reputa-
tion for couragej*,' The ffittin peni-
tive must not always be

'03' of, as it expresses ot!; ■

than those expressed in English bj

that preposition.

16. Millia, §153.

Ill 1. Adducti, §185, 2, a.

2. Pertincrent, §210, Rule XL7I, e,

3. Comparare, §171.

i. Quam maximum, "As great as pos-
sible;" §20o, Bern. 1 •• psssent is here
omitted.

5. Suppeteret, sc. iis, . " ' !
wight have a- plenty of corn ;" '

6. Ad eas res conficiendas, §17 7.



LIBER PRIMUS.



■as res conficie das 6 biennium si);: 7 satis esse diixerunt, in ter
muumlprofecti »nem lege cnnfirmant. Ad eas res conficiendas Or-
<>r'ix deligitur. Ls sibi 9 legationem ad civitai. it ; i B go

tine're persuadet Caaticq, 9 Catamantaledisfilio, Sequano, cujus paler
•egnum in Seqaania multos annos obtinue'rat, 10 ct a senatu Populi
Ionian i amicus 1 ! appellatua crat, ut fregnum in ciyitate sua occupa-
et, 11 ' quod pater i : aerat : itenique Buninoriei' J iEduo, fratri

Divitiaek^i eo tv\nv,nrc' pv ; ;,! in oivitatc dfctv:

nax.ir o p^JBL'iccv'tus cviit. u'

iliaiii suannH^atrimonium dat.^ Perfacile faotu 15 est p TO .

>at'cona : .; ur .

>btemu: ion rsso dubium, quin tortus Gallise plurim-

im 50 I se suis copiis suoque exercitu illis regnacon-

•iliatuxu' itione udducti, 1 inter se fidem el (us-

urandui ._£

^'J/Mm' •' - : :'-i' ; :e* s.eso :aT! t.

TV. • IjJa^H^H^rfelvctiis per
•ui* Orgojp^ci^x vinculiscr.' IUJ :.

dktiuni; : f*uau)'faaii)iiini ad i

millia dec
quorum n

oavr?a;:i <;■

M^rnis jus suum r.^puni (.•( i

ngris ma









or against,



The

■ •

; :p:ice an hi
(he depei

ip 11,0.



Regno occn]

tiri \3 [he ecpij
IV. I

I 2. m i

■)».

nnatui

agrees with tl. ,-,. tuni

ood.
j4 tk igni cremaretur, barn-

o<l v ith firo :" n (ii .1 dou


I



BLLO ■.LICO



. r, quin ipse sibi mortem eousciverit. 9

V HeWetii id, quod constitu-

it, facere conantur^ ut •.• frnibuB :<ais epteant. 2 Ubi jam se ad earn

rati sunt,'.oppida sua omnia ciimcro ad duo-

.-■-, rcliqua privata aedificia incendunt ;

f rumen turn omne, pra >i sectliu portatmri 4 eraht, comburunt,

inn* reditionis. spe sublata,* paratibres ad omnia pericula

"*,■ molita cibtu-ia^-r^M*. quemque

Ti|p et Lato-

. ■ ■■ ieisque ex-

iroficisoatitur : Boiosque., qui tran* llhenum

n '•••rant, Nofein '-.quo oppug-

septos »d-se socios 14 sibi adscis&unt.

Grant oicr.ino itinera dao, quib : leribiii >\ao l exire

.. - is. amrustum i monten;

•r:i, vix qv iucerentur : ;

■ohibere pos
[ue expe-
,][*- ram inter ! Ajloferogum, qui

, ' . . lullia locig 5 vado 6 tran

proximumque Helve-



'.«. Qnii cods

;io8.

: : ' — :\ finn.l

po iilion with

rgion of
rntur
but
.

'• force; —
eruselvea."
) '-tbat the:

:

i were goin
■ ■.. The

definite (§123, Rem.

■ omen a n»nn H the, [jfcj#ct of
mtntv

• I •■ •



ppido pons ;u'' SfelvetioH pertirieffl

os, e quod ].■.;■! ;»ju be

. 2 ».

■■

13. Ii.«, "Them," (lie ITetTcri^ns;

ttUtil ' I LSI ;

person-: sp

pci-tom - bee asej t':«

* and nol s

. '

VI. 1.

2. iP«s</i ' : "i

iliL-ir view ;
bis ov

3. Qm<i — durerfn/er,

<)t tllC I'll!'!'

LVI, a

4. Multo
■ '
. :.. . :■■ .

i.ibus, 3V*

5. 411ol 'JMI
9 Persua •- ■

Ld o1 MM

:t. ; : l£>e par-
perfect-. >









:uey



L1UER PRIMUS.



i! vidcrentur, 11 existimabant ; vel vi -, ut

lines eos 13 ir<2 patercntur. Oinnibus nera

oomparatiSj 18 <li f .m dicunt, qtla die ;id ripam Rbodani omm B con-

veuiant: 14 is dies er?t a. d. V. Ka!. Apr., 15 L. Pisone et A. Gabi-

nio, Coss. »

YTL Caesari quum id nunciatum ess eos j inci&ia noa-

trani ite rjac ^ iri, 2 maturat aburbe prbficisci;*et : max-

imis pritgflflfie: '!en-

■i pwr^Ri : prcvi quam m aiilituni

mer 'ore logic una) ; ]

t» rescindi. Ubi de ejut advent'u
tk'a facti sunt, legates ad

JSameius et Verudoctius pri
■ *'■' : . ineullo in

propterca quod aliud iter haberenl
te id sibi fac< re 3 lb sar, quod nicru-

um consulern occLum, 1 - excrcruiuque ejus ab
•et sub jugum d durii 10 non put-

ininiico aninio, 1 * d.-ta facnltatc 15 per provinci-



, qui e



am fa




10. Bonoai r .od disposition,"

Rule.
Helvetians. St,

vat would
staid

• ands,



|

y al 1

• v as-

. LVI, a

as A-

e Ka-

ih «f





. LI II,



b.

•:ari if s, noun i euteuce, in


" By »• (toaI

R nltrii to



the proTince, (i. r. demands cf the
pioTince) as gr ber of sol-

ued Yith a : in ths

141,) and d

live expressing the bu! i i met of
v lie 0]

l):il th«
■brk?,


t:\ry

. I
.
itis, § 134.
7 Qui (iicorem, .'. n.

6. Bll i eftse iu :> r ii mo, "Th

it in inind," "that it wah tb(\>
pose 143.

9 Uaberent,

1 1. Mi-iunria tenr.'ba;.

^•ijuni (fr'-o.) " T

14. In



10



DE BELLO GALLTCO



am itineris facieudi, 16 temperaturos ab injuria et inaleficio exiathfflj
abat : tamen, ut spatium intercedere posset, dum milites, quoa im?
peraverat, convenirent, 17 legatis respondit ' diem se ad deliberandum
sumpturum ; 13 si quid vellent, 18 a. d Idus Apr reverterentur.' 19

VIII. Interea ea legione, 1 quam secum babebat, militibusque,
qui ex provincia convenerant, a lacu Lemanno, qui in fiumen Rhoe-
anum iufluit, ad montem Juram, qui fines Sequanorura ab Helvetiis
dividdt, millia* passuum decern fovem murum in altitudinem pedu;;
.sedecim fossamque perducit. Ed opere perfecto, 3 praesidia disponit,
castella communit, quo 4 faciliiis, si se invito 5 transire conarentur,"
probibere possit. Ubi ea dies, quam constftuerat cum legatis, venit,

• ' legati ad eum revcrterunt, negat ' se more et exempJo populi Ro
posse iter ulli per provinciam dare ; ' et, ' si. vim facere con-
entur, 7 prohibiturum ' ostendit. Helvetii, ea spe 8 dejecti, navibn:
junctis, 9 ratibusque compluribus factis, alii vadis Rbpdani, qua min
ima altitudo fluminis erat, nonnunquam interdiu, saepius noetu,. -i
perrumpere possent, 10 conati, operis munitione et militum concur, u
et telis rcpulsi, boc conatu 11 destiterunt.

IX. Relinquebatur una per Sequanos via, qua, Sequanis iuvitis, 1
propter angustias ire non poterant. His quum sua sponte persua
dere non posseut, 2 legatos ad DumUorigem ^Eduum mittunt, ut, .eo
deprecatore, 3 a Sequanis impetrarent. Dumnotfra: gratia ct larg't
ione 4 apud Sequanos plurimum 5 potcrat, et Helvetiis erat amict ,



•16. Faciendi, §177.

17. Duru — convenirent. §207.

18. Voilent, §197, Rem. 4.

19. Reverterentur, §217,jRe*i. l."They
might return on tho day before the
[des of April. ' : i.e., ou the 12th of
April. For the expression ante deem
Idus, see VI, 15; §234.

VIII. 1. EalegU.no, "With that le-
gion.'' §159/

2. Millia, §158.

.". Perfecto, "Having finished this
work," §186.

4. Quo, §193, Ilem.Z.

6. Se invito. " Without his consent."
§186, Rem. 1.

fl. Conarentur.'§197, Rem.'l.

7. Conentur, §197.

8. Spe, §163.

9. Navibua, &c, -'Some, by means of
boats joined together and a great
number of rafts (which they had)
made; others, by the fords of the
Rhone where the depth of the river



was least, sometimes by day,ofter r
by night, trying whether they cm
break through, having been repul
&c." Jllii may be supplied b?fi
navibut (though not necessary to I
construction.) and, with alii
pressed, is in partitive appositi
■with Helvetii. See §127, Rem.- 6.

10. Si — posxent is rather interrogat
than conditional.

11. Conatu, §163.

IX. 1. Sequanis invitis, "Withou!
consent of the Sequana." §186. :

1-
2* Quum — possent, _"Since they were
unable by their own influence, &c. r"
§205.

3. Eo deprecatore, " By his interces-
sion," (he being intercessor.) £
Rem. 1.

4. Gratia et largitione, §159.

5. Plurimum poterat, "Was very pow-
erful";" §150, Rtm. 3.



LIBER PRIMUS.



!•



quod ex ea civitate Orgetorigis filiam in matrimonium duxerat, et,
cupiditate regni ftdducttis, novis rebus 6 studebat, et quam? plurimas
civitates suo beneficio habere obstrictas volebat. Itaque rem sus-
cipit, et a Sequ'anis impetrat, ut per fino^ suos Helvetios ire patian-
tur, obside.sque uti inter sese dent, 8 perficit : Sequani, 3 ne itinere
Helvetios prohibeant; Helvetii, ut sine maleficio et injuria transeant.

X. Ciesari renunciatur 1 Ilelvctiis esse in animo 2 per .agrum Se-
quanorun^t 2Eduorum iter in Sautouum fines facere, qui non longe
a Toloyatiwm finibus absunt, quae 1 civitas est in provincia. Id si fie-
ret, 8 intelligebat aaagno cum provincial periculo futurum, 4 ut hom-
ines bellicosos, populi Romani inimicos, locis 5 patentibus maxime-
que frumentariis fiuitimos 6 haberet. Ob eas causas ei munitioni, 7
quam feccrat, T. Labienum legatum praefecit : ipse in Italiam mag-
nis itineribus contendit, duasquc ibi legiones conscribit, et tres, quae
circum Aquileiam hieinabant, ex liibernis educit, et, qua 8 proximum
iter in ulteriorem Galliam per Alpes erat, cum his quinque legion-
ibus ire contendit. Ibi Centrones et Graioceli et Caturiges, locis
superioribus occupatis, 9 itinere 10 exercitum prohibere conantur.
Oompluribus his proelii.s 11 pulsis, 12 ab Ocelo, quod. est citerioris prov-
incia; extremum, in fines Vocontiorumulterioris provincial 1 ;' die sep-
timo 14 pervenit : inde in Allobrogum fines; ab Allobrogibus in Se-
gusianos exercitum ducit. Hi stmt extra provinciam trans KUod-
anum primi. /

Xf. Helvetii jam per angustias et fines Sequanorum suns cepias
transduxerant, et in iEduorum fines pervenerant, eorumque agros
populabantur. JEdui, quum se^suaque ab iis defendere non pos-
sent, 1 legatos ad Caesarem mittunt rogatum* auxilium : ' ita se omni *



6. Novis rebus, "A revolution." §141.

7. Quam plurimas, $203, Kim. 1.

8. jObsidesque uti — dent, '■ And be
causes that they give hostages to one
another."

9. Sequani — JTrlvctii are in partitive
apposition (§127, Rem. <i) with the
subject of <icnl ■ and the Onal clau-
ses, nr — profiibtant and ut — traniecMt,
express the purpose of the giving.

X. 1. Renunciatur, "It is announced."

Tito pubject is the noun-sentence,

II rive nit fnt, .'
2. BelvttiM I i;14: J .) et.u in anim; "That

the Helvetians intend," (that it is in

mind to the Helvetians. )
8. Id si fiVrct, "If this should happen,"

§107, Rm, 1.
4. Futurum (ette) is impersonal, ut —



haberet beiu^ the subject; — "That it
would be with great danger of the
province, (t. e. a Tery dangerous tiling
to the province,) that it should have
&c."

5. Loch limits finitimtt. §142, Rem. 3.

6 Finitimos, (151, XVIII, b.

7. Munitioni is remote object of
fecit.

8. Qua (parte,) " Where," (usually
called an adverb, but really an ab-
lative of place; $166.)

9. Occupatis, g 186.

10. Itinere, §163.

11. Cnnij'luribus nrosliis, g ICG.

12. Hi* puis!*, ;-;

13. Ultcrioris provincial §132 .

14. Die septimo, §167.

XI. 1. Quum — non poi6ent, " Since



L*



L>£ BELLO GALLICO



de populo Romano meritos esse, 4 ut pc-ene in conspectu cx-
ercitus nostri agri vastari, 6 liberi eorum in servituteni abduci, op-
pidi expngnari 5 non debuerini."' Eodein tempore iEdui Ambarri,
necessarii et consanguinei yliduorum, Ctesarem certiorem faciunt

ile ab oppidis vim liottiuia proLi-
bere : ' item Allobroges, qui trans Rhodanuin vieos possessionesque

hi recipiunt, et demonstrant 'sibi 8 prte-
ilum nil U esse reliqui.' 9 Quibus rebus adductus Ctcsar
ituit, dum, omnibu ciorum

consuniptis, 11 iu Santuues ilelvetii pcrvei

XTT. Flumcn est Arar, quod per fines iEduorum et Sequauorum

num influit, incredibili lenitate, 1 ita ut oculis, in utraci

partem fluat,* judicatri non possit. 3 Id Helvetii ratibus acliatribus

juncti >Jbi perexploratores Cresar certior factum est

j tin eopiarum partes Helvetios idflunien 4 transduxisse, quartani

partem eitra tinmen Antrim reliquam esse; de tertia Vigilia 5

cum tegion ibu ' ris profectus 0, ad earn partem pervenit,

impedi'tos et inopinantes .

artem concidit : reliqui fugse sese manda-

runt, atque in proximo silvas abdiderunt. 7 Is pagus appellabatur

, 5 civitas Helvetia in quatuor pagos divisa est.

Hie ] • domo exisset, patrum nostrorum memoria 8

L. C ' m iuterfecerat, et ejus e,xercituin sub jugum mis-

• .'-' t-aiBU hive oonsilio deorum iinmortalium, qutc pafs 10

civit. insigncui calamitateii populo liomano iutulerat,

ua pri.iceps 11 poenas persolvit. Qua in re Csesar non solum publieVs,



they :205:

Ltl, a.

4. Meritos esu depends ou dictnte* un-
derstood. The ^Bduana liad for

many ycarsbeen faithful allies of the
ltonir.n».

■ start, .ye. limits debuerint ; §1 74.

6. Certiorem faciunt.rf'Infprtn," (make

re certain, §151, XVIII, b.) 1

7. 1>< i :_'ris, §1 8G.

,i— esse, §148. "That they had."

:liqui, "Nothing left,"(noth-

in.r of n m under,-) §134, Rem. 1.

Ion pxpectandum, "That he ought

ait" — £178. Sibi, §145. —

Esse ia here <ni '.'I, 9.

11. Omnibus furtunis apcioruru con-
aimptis, "A-fter all the resoiirfces of
his allies had been consumed. "§186.

12. Dam— pervenirent, §207.



.XII. 1. Incredibiii Imitate limits flu-
men ; §164.

2. Fluat, §2H.

3. Ppssit, "So that it cannot be deter-
mined with the eye.". The .subject
of possit is the poun-8entencc prow-
ding.

4. Flumen, QlfaflUm. 2.

5. De tertia yigilia, "After midnight;"
after the beginning of' the third
watch, and before ita expiration.

C. Profectus, §185, 2, a.

7. Abdiderunt, " Ran to, and hid iu.
the nearest woods;"-^-an instance of
the pregnant construction

8. Memoria, §167.

9 Sive — sive, Eitiier, or; §128,£«»!.9.

10. Quae pars, "The part which,"
(what part; §129, Rem. 1, a.) Tho
relative sentence is placed first for
the sake of emphasis.



LIBER. PRIMUS.






id i ultus est, quod "ejus soeeri L. Pieonis

avum, L. turn, Tigurini epdei i ; rceli

rfecerant.

XIII. Hop prcciio facto, reliquaa copiaa Helvetiorum ufe conse-
posset, pontem in, Arari faciendum 1 curat, atque ita exeroitum
>ducit. Helvetii repentino ejus adventu commoti, qutim id 2
1 ipsi diebus xx aegerrime confecerant, ut flu-men trans irent, 3

uuo illum^^^p^u^ i'ntelligerent, 4 legates r.d cum mittunt : o
V"gatio)ii^^BHBBB«c£ps fuit, qui bello Cassiarjo dux Helvetic -
WL^^PPi Csesare' agit : 'Si paccm populus Romanus
eret,in caan partem iturbs,8 atque i^i futures 8 -
Ivetios, ubi eqs Cse?ar c atque esse vo-luissct : ,() sin

lello'per rscvrerarefc,. 11 reminiaoeretur 13 ct veteris inoommo-

populi llomani, ct pristine virtutis Halvetiorum. Quod im-
uui adortus esset, 1-1 quu'm ii, qui flninen transis-
uxilfum ferro non possent, ne ob earn rem aut suae mag-
re virtuti tribuer t, aut ipsos despiceret : se ifa a patribuB
j|j|HRdicisse, ut magis virtute quam dolo contendc-
'. ' lii> niterentur. 17 Quare ne cominittoret,, 18 ut is locus,
calamitate 20 populi Romahi et intcrnecionc
i.eerei en caperet, aut menioriam prodcrct.'



-JfVincop'



bject cf »'n



III. 1 in Arari facie:.

■ a. bridge built, (at-
iends to building a bridge?) over the

is the object of fecisie, and is
o announce the
felai bich follows. —

Thin is a Tory common use

flninen transirent, •♦To cross the
river, ' or'-thc crossing of the ri ■■



wonld be constituent in direct dis-
course, §210, Rem. 3. The perfeel
is used ber appointing must

bo completed before the Helvetian?
could act upon it.

10. Voluistet ia in the same construe-

constiiuiiset. \

11. Sin bello persequi persevei
"But if he should persist in follow-
ing them with war.

12. Reminisceretur, "Let him remem-
ber;" §217. Hem. 1.

13. Incommodi, |135, b.i

|uod adortus eesel



(foal noun-sentence, in apposition 16- Qui transissent, §217



with !</.

ira— iiftelligcrci
is legationis. ." l'_ M .'. Rt
ello Cassiano. £167.
Si— facerct, $187, Ktm. 4. The re
maiuder of the chapter is in the ora-
tio *khfU€, depending upon agit,
whioh, though present in form, is an
historical tense.
Ituros, futuros, (at*,) {217.
0. Ubi eos Cesser oonititniatet, 4x.,
"Wherever Cesar should appoint
and wiBh them* to be." Oirutitvitttt



It',. Ne— trlbaeret, §217, Rem. 1.
him not, for that reason, either give
iOo much credit to Ids own valor, or
despise them." The direct object of
tributret, being indefinite, is omitted.

17. Ut magis, Ac — niterentnr, "That
they contended by valor more than
they contended by strategem or re-
lied upon snares'."

18. Coamitteret,§2l7, Rem. 1.

19. Constitissent, §217.

20. Ex cttUnitate limits both etperet
and prodtrtt.



B



>



DE BELLO OALL1CO



XIV. TTip Caesar ito respopdit : v Eo 1 sibi minus dubitationis 2

petii corai . ; memor-

uiimis, nitrite 8 popnli. Ro-

npcius fuisset,

elligeret, 16 ,

■ vellet,




a ■ vil itione rerum dob



The less,' 1
' sb;" §168.

'. 1.
. ■ ■ . •
menibered;" i e because he ret!

ent, for comr.emora-'

■ j

. . o gravius " And

was the nil : ant, the

. ■ .) ed by the desert

7y,aml

. de ..■ r in which. &o. )

:. j; .—Quo, §n

[erito if abl. of cause.

:;'. 0, C.

10. Qui is subj< ct of fuisset, and refer-
ring to populi Romani, mart be trans-

I thm; \Y ■

11. Alkujutia more emphatic than the

, | >ia cujus, which w e • would ex-
r si §89.

12. i 135, a. Siit aleo limits
conscius, }\ 4 2, Rem. 8.

. &c, " That it would
not ■ difficult to avoid (the

calamity.") Fuisst in the direct'dis-
courso would have been/ueruf.$197,
Rem. 3.

14. Sed eo deceptum (esse,) "But that
they (populum Romanum,) had been
deceived by this (circumstance.")

16. Commissum a se, "Anything com-
mitted by them," »'. e. any crime on
their part.

16. Intelligent, §217, §190. The sub-
ject is i'« understood, referring to



"






ace
ha . Roma!'

Juarc ■

would



L



1. Fo






pr.pulus Romanus, and i

\~. Quare timeret, '-' m

■id fear."
cause (qua
the aau
a.

am, 1 !78.
19! Quod si, If howevefi
19.

tt'tumellae, §133, t>.
21. Vellet, §197, LsHfc,
t 22. lo Invito, §186^
inste

The repetition of the
jivr.e^ion gives i_;
21.*W?ssc, &c, '• '.'■■ . 1 ;.

tn»*i:ecollection, &c." This is apriti-
'cipal sentence in«the oratio obliqv*.
17, AV™. 5.
25. Victoria -is a causal abl.
20 Eodem pertinere, "Tended in. the
same direction," "hr.J the same ef-
fect;" t. c. to make it impossible for
him to forget their recent injuries.
The subject of pertinere is the uourt
sentences preceding quod — glorie-
renlur, gc, — "that their boa^tin
impudently of their viotorj
their wondering that he - had so long
borne their injuries without revenge.
tended in the same direction.''
27. Quo, §193, Rem. 3.— Tne reader
will observe that primary tenses are
used in the remainder of the speech;
(doleant, velint, tint, $e.) The latter
part of a long discourse in the orati*
obliqua, is usually shifted from the
past to the present, to give greater
animation.



LIBER PRIX] US.



16






i
; .'(lore. Qi ,
tatnei itur, 30 uti ea, qi ur, 9 fac-
tum- injuriis, quas ' nm

atisfaci em

LI mi:.' Di I it : t It a Hel\ ■ UM
insti









■ .■ ., • at, •

I

.

. ;









.










c or










Ifl



I



confer; isse dicere. :: Ubi Be diuiius duci intellexit,

?{ diem instare, quo die fru me a turn militibug metiri oporteret, 7 con-
vocatis eorum principibus, quorum magnam copiam in castri
ba*, in bis $ Divitiaco et Lisco, qui summo magistrate. 9 prseeroj



Online LibraryJulius CaesarCaesar's Commentaries on the Gallic war, with a vocabulary and notes → online text (page 1 of 37)