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Cæsar's Commentaries on the Gallic and civil wars: online

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who settled about the River Ibe-
rus, or Ebro, from whom the
country was called Celtiberia,now
Arragon ; Afranius obliges them
to furnish a supply of troops, C.
i. 38.



INDEX.



551



Celtillus, the father of Vercingetorix,
assassinated by the Arverni, G.
vii. 4.

Cenimagni, or Iceni, an ancient
people of Britain, inhabiting the
counties of Suffolk, Norfolk, Cam-
bridgeshire, and Huntingdonshire.

Cenis Mons, that part of the Alps
which separates Savoy from
Piedmont.

Cenni, an ancient people of Celtic
extraction.

Cenomani, a people of Gallia Celtica,
in the country now called Le
Manseau, adjoining to that of the
Insubres.

Centrones, an ancient people of
Flanders, about the city of Cour-
tray, dependent on the Nervians.

Centrones, an ancient people of Gaul,
inhabiting the country of Taran-
taise.

Cerauni Montes, Mountains of Epi-
rus, Monti di Chimera.

Cercina, an island on the coast of
Africa, Chercara, Cercare.

Cevennes, mountains ofj Caesar
passes them in the midst of win-
ter, though covered with snow
six feet deep, G. vii. 8.

Chara, a root which served to sup-
port Caesar's army in extreme
necessity, C. iii. 48; manner of
preparing it, ibid.

Chariots, manner of fighting with
them among the Britons, G. iv.
33; dexterity of the British
charioteers, ibid. ; chariots armed
with scythes in Pharnaces' army,
A. 75.

Cherronesus, a peninsula of Africa,
near Alexandria.

Chersonesus Cimbrica, a peninsula
on the Baltic, now Jutland, part of
ffolstein, Ditmarsh, and Sleswic.

Cherusci, a great and warlike people
of ancient Germany, between the
Elbe and the "Weser, about the
country now called Mansfield,
part of the duchy of Brunswick,
and the dioceses ofHildesheim and
ffalberstadt. The Cherusci, under



the command of Arminius (Her-
mann), lured the unfortunate
Varus into the wilds of the Saltus
Teutoburgiensis (Tutinger Wold),
where they massacred him and
his whole army. They were
afterward defeated by Germani-
cus, who, on his march through
the forest so fatal to his country-
men, found the bones of the
legions where they had been left
to blanch by their barbarian con-
queror. See Tacitus's account of
the march of the Roman Legions
through the German forests,
Annals, b. i. c. 71.

Cicero, Quintus, attacked in his
winter quarters by Ambiorix, G.
v. 39 ; informs Caesar of his dis-
tress, who marches to relieve him,
46; attacked unexpectedly by
the Sigambri, who are neverthe-
less obliged to retire, vi. 36.

Cimbri, the Juttanders, a very ancient
northern people, who inhabited
Chersonesus Cimbrica.

Cinga, a river of Spain, G+ica, of
Senga.

Cingetorix, the leader of one of the
factions among the Treviri, and
firmly attached to Cassar, G. v. 3 ;
declared a public enemy, and his
goods confiscated by Indutioma-
rus, 56.

Cingulum, a town of Picenum, in
Italy, Gingoli.

Cirta, a town in Africa, Oonstantina,
or Consantina, al. Tadel.

Cleopatra, engaged in a war with
her brother Ptolemy, C. iii. 103;
she and her younger brother made
king and queen of Egypt, A. 33.

Clodius.sent by Caesar to Scipio, to
treat about a peace, but without
effect, C. iii. 90.

Clupea, a maritime city of Africa,



Clusinas, a centurion, dismissed
from Caesar's army with ignominy,
Af. 54,

Cocasates, a people of Gaul, accord-
ing to some tho Bazadois.



552



INDEX.



Cselius Rufus raises a sedition in
Rome, C. iiL 20 ; is expelled that
city, then joins with Milo, 21 ; ho
is killed, 22.

Coimbra, an ancient city of Portu-
gal, once destroyed, but now re-
built, on the river Mendego.

Colchis, a country in Asia, near
Pontus, including the present
Mingrelia and Georgia.

Comana Pontica, a city of Asia
Minor, Com, or Tabachzan.

Comana of Cappadocia^ Arminacha.

Comius sent by Caesar into Britain,
to dispose the British states to
submit, G. iv. 21 ; persuades the
Bellovaci to furnish their contin-
gent to the relief of Alesia, vii. 76 ;
his distrust of the Romans, occa-
sioned by an attempt to assassi-
nate him, viii. 23 ; harasses the
Romans greatly, and intercepts
their convoys, 47 ; attacks Volu-
senus Quadratus, and runs him
through the thigh, 48 ; submits to
Antony, on condition of not ap-
pearijg in the presence of any
Roman, ibid.

Compsa, a city of Italy, Conza, or
Consa.

Concordia, an ancient city of the
province of Triuli, in Italy, now
in ruins.

Condrusi, or Condrusones,an ancient
people of Belgium, dependent on
the Treviri, whose country is now
called Condrotz, between Liege
and Namur.

Conetodunus heads the Carnutes in
their revolt from the Romans, and
the massacre at Genabum, G.vii.3.

Confluens Mosse et Rheni. The con-
fluence of the Meuse and Rhine,
or the point where the Meuse
joins the Vahalis, or Waal, which
little river branches out from the
Rhine.

Considlus, his cruel treatment of a
messenger sent to him with a
letter by Plancus, Af. 4; slain by
the Getulians for the sake of his
treasure, 93.



Convictolitanis, a division on his
account among the ./Eduans, C.
viL 32 ; Caesar confirms his elec-
tion to the supreme magistracy,
33; he persuades Litavicus and
his brothers to rebel, 37.

Corcyra, an island of Epirus, Corfu.

Corduba, a city of Hispania Bastica,
Cordova; Csesar summons the
leading men of the several states
of Spain to attend him there, C.
ii. 19; transactions of that assem-
bly, 21; Csesar lays siege to it,
and obliges it to surrender, H. 34.

Corf mium, a town belonging to the
Peligni, in Italy Si. Pelino, al.
Pentina; Csesar lays siege to it,
C. i. 16; and obliges it to surren-
der, 24.

Corinth, a famous and rich city of
Achaia, in Greece, in the middlo
of the Isthmus going into Pelo-
ponnesus.

Corneliana Castra, a city of Africa,
between Carthage and Utica.

Cornificius, Q. maintains Caesar's
cause in Illyricum with great
success, A. 42.

Correus, general of the Bellovaci,
with six thousand foot, and a
thousand horse, lies in ambush
for the Roman foragers, and at-
tacks the Roman cavalry with a
small party, but is routed and
killed, G. viii. 19.

Corsica, a considerable island in the
Mediterranean Sea, near Sardinia,
which still retains its name.

Cor->num, a city of Calabria^ in Italy,



Cotta, L. Arunculeius, dissents from
Sabinus in relation to the advice
given them by Ambiorix, G. v.
28 ; his behavior when attacked
by the Gauls, 33 ; is slain, with
the great part of his men, after a
brave resistance, 37.

Cotuatus and Conetodunus massacre
all the Roman merchants at Ge-
nabum, G. vii. 3.

Cotus, a division on his account
among tho jEduans, G. vii. 32 ;



INDEX.



553



obliged to desist from his preten-
sions to the supreme magistracy,
33.

Crassus, P. his expedition into
Aquitaine, G. iii. 20 ; reduces the
Sotiates, 22; and other states,
obliging them to give hostages,
27.

Crastmus, his character, and courage
at the battle of Pharsalia, C. iii.
91 ; where he is killed, 99.

Cremona, an ancient city of Gallia
Cisalpina, which retains its name
to this day, and is the metropolis
of the Cremonese, in Italy.

Crete, one of the noblest islands in
the Mediterranean Sea,now called
Candid.

Crispus, C. Salustius, makes himself
master of Cercina, and sends a
great quantity of corn thence to
Caesar's camp, Af, 77.

Critognatus, his extraordinary
speech and proposal to the gar-
rison of Alesia, G. vii. 77.

Curio obliges Cato to abandon the
defense of Cicily, C. i. 30 ; sails
for Africa, and successfully at-
tacks Varus, ii. 25 ; his speech to
revive the courage of his men,
32 ; defeats Varus, 34 ; giving too
easy credit to a piece of false
intelligence, is cut off with his
whole army, 42.

Curiosolitae, a people of Gaul, in-
habiting Cornoualle, in Bretagne.

Cyclades, islands in the JEgean Sea,
L'Isole deW Archipelago.

Cyprus, an island in the Mediterra-
nean Sea, between Syria'' and
Cilicia, Cipro.

Gyrene, an ancient and once a fine
city of Africa, situate over against
Matapan, the most southern Cape
of Morea, Cairoan.

Cyzlcus, Atraki, formerly one of the
largest cities of Asia Minor, in an
island of the same name, in the
Black Sea.



Dacia, an ancient country of Scy- i
thia, beyond the Danube, contain- '

24



ing part ot Hungary, Transylvania,
Wallachia, and Moldavia.

Dalmatia, a part of Illyricum, now
called Sclavonia, lying between
Croatia, Bosnia, Servia, and the
Adriatic Gulf.

Danubius, the largest riyer in
Europe, which rises in the Black
Forest, and after flowing through
that country, Bavaria, Austria,
Hungary, Servia, Bulgaria, Mol-
davia, and Bessarabia, receiving
in its course a great number of
noted rivers, some say sixty, and
120 minor streams, falls into the
Black or Euxine Sea, in two arms.

Dardania, the ancient name of a
country in Upper Mcesia, which
became afterward a part of
Dacia ; /fascia, and part of Servia.

Decetia, a town in Gaul, Decise, on
the Loire.

Deiotarus, complains to Domitius
Calvinus of the hostilities com-
mitted by Pharnaces, A. 34 ; ad-
dresses Caesar in suppliant terms
and obtains pardon, 68.

Delphi, a city of Achaia, Delpho, &L
Salona.

Delta, a very considerable province
of Egypt, at the mouth of the
Nile, Errif.

Diablintes, an ancient people of
Gaul, inhabiting the country call-
ed Le Perche; al. Diableres, in
Bretagne ; al. Lintes of Brabant ;
al. Lendoul, over against Britain.

Didius, pursues young Pompey, who
is slain, and his head brought to
Caesar, H. 37 ; he falls into an
ambuscade, and is killed, 40.

Divitiacus, the ^Eduan, his attach-
ment to the Eomans and Csar,
G. i. 19; Caesar, for his sake, par-
dons his brother Dumnorix, ibid. ;
he complains to Caesar, in behalf
of the rest of the Gauls, of the
cruelty of Ariovistus, 31 ; marches
against the Bellovaci create a di-
version in favor of Caesar, ii. 10 ;
intercedes for the Bellovaci, and
obtains their pardon from Caesar



554



INDEX.



14 ; goes to Rome to implore aid
of the senate, but without elect,
vi. 12.

Domitius Ahcnobarbus, besieged by
Caesar in Corfinium, writes to
Pompey for assistance, C. i. 15;
seized by his own troops, who
offer to deliver him up to Caasar,
20 ; Cesar's generous behavior
toward him, 23 ; he enters Mar-
seilles, and is intrusted with the
supreme command, 36 ; is defeat-
ed in a sea-fight by Decimus Bru-
tus, 58 ; escapes with great diffi-
culty a little before the surrender
of Marseilles, ii. 22.

Domitius Calvinus sent by Caesar
into Macedonia, comes very op-
portunely to the relief of Cassius
Longinus, C. iii. 34 ; gains several
advantages over Scipio, 32 ; is
unsuccessful against Pharnaces in
Armenia, A. 34.

Drapes, in conjunction with Luteri-
us, seizes Uxellodunum, G. viii.
30 ; his camp Fto/mcd, and him-
self made prisoner, 29; he starves
himself, 44.

Druids, priests so called, greatly es-
teemed in Gaul, and possessed of
many valuable privileges, G. vi.
13.

Dubis, a river of Burgundy, Le
Doux.

Dumnacus besieges Duracius in
Limonum, G. viii. 26 ; is defeated
by Fabius, 27.

Dumnorix, the brother of Divitia-
cus, his character, G. i. 15; per-
suades the noblemen of Gaul not
to go with Caesar into Britain, v.
6; deserts, and is killed for his
obstinacy, 6.

Duracius besieged in Limonum by
Dumnacus, general of the Andes,
G. viii. 26.

Durocortorum, a city of Gaul,
Rheims.

Dyrrhachium, a city of Macedonia,
Durazzo, Drazzi ; Caisar endeav-
ors to inclose Pompey within his
lines near that place, C. iii. 41.



Eburones, an ancient people of Ger-
many, inhabiting part of the
country, now the bishopric of
Liege, and the county of Namur.
Caesar takes severe vengeance on
them for their perfidy, G. vi. 34,35.

Eburovlces, a people of Gaul, inhab-
iting the country of Evreux, in
Normandy; they massacre their
senate, and join with Viridovix,
G. iii. 17.

Egypt, see JEgypt.

Elaver, a river of Gaul, the Allier.

Elephants, the way of exercising
and training them, Af. 27 ; sur-
prising courage of a soldier at-
tacked by one, Af. 84.

Eleuteti Cadurci, a branch of the
Cadurci, in Aquitania. They are
called in many editions, Eleutheri
Cadurci, but incorrectly, since
Eleutheri is a term of Greek
origin, and besides could hardly
bo applied to a Gallic tribe like
the Eleuteti, who, in place of
being free (ehevdepoi) seem to
have been clients of the Arverni ;
they furnish troops to the relief
of Alesia, G. vii. 75.

Elis, a city of Peloponnesus, Seh"'-
dere.

Elusates, an ancient people of Gaul,
inhabiting the country of Euse, in
Gascony.

Ephesus, an ancient and celebrated
city of Asia Minor, Efeso; the
temple of Diana there in danger
of being stripped, G. iii. 32.

Epidaurus, a maritime city of Dal-
matia, Ragusa.

Epirus, a country in Greece,between
Macedonia, Achaia, and the Io-
nian Sea, by some now called
Albania inferior.

Eporedorix treacherously revolts
from Caesar, G. vii. 54.

Essui, a people of Gaul ; the word
seems to be a corruption from
jEdui, G. v. 24.

Etesian winds detain Caesar at Alex-
andria, which involves him in a
new war, C. iii. 107.



INDEX.



555



Euphranor, admiral of the Rhodian

fleet, his valor and magnanimity,

A. 15.
Eusubii, corrupted from Unetti, or

Lexovii, properly the people of

Lisieux, in Normandy.

Fabius, C. one of Caesar's lieuten-
ants, sent into Spain, with three
legions, 0. i. 37 ; builds two
bridges over the Segre for the
convenience of foraging, 40.

Fanum, a city of Umbria in Italy,
Fano, G. i. 11.

Faustus Sylla, his death, Af. 95.

Fortune, her wonderful power and
influence in matters of war, G.
vi. 30.

Faesulae, Fiesoli, an ancient city of
Italy, in the duchy of Florence,
anciently one of the twelve con-
siderable cities of Etruria.

Flavum, anciently reckoned the
eastern mouth of the Rhine, now
called the Ulie, and is a passage
out of the Zuyder Sea into the
North Sea

Gabali, an ancient people of Gaul,
inhabiting the country of Givau-
dan. Their chief city was Andui-
tum, now Mende, G. vii. 64 ; they
join the general confederacy of
Vercingetorix, and give hostages
to Luterius, G. vii. 7.

Gabimus, one of Caesar's lieutenants,
receives a considerable loss in
Illyricum, A. 42.

Gades, Cadiz, an ancient and con-
siderable city of Spain, H. 37.

Gaditani, the people of Gades, C.
11, 18.

Galatia, a country in Asia Minor,
lying between Cappadocia, Pon-
tus, and Paphlagonia, now called
Ohiangare.

Galba Sergius, sent against the Nan-
tuates, Veragrians, .and Seduni,
G. iii. 1 ; the barbarians attack
his camp unexpectedly, but are
repulsed with great loss, iii. 6.

Galli, the Gauls, the people of an-



cient Gaul, now France; their
country preferable to that of the
Germans, Gr. L 31 ; their manner
of attacking towns, ii. 6 ; of great-
er stature than the Romans, 30 ;
quick and hasty in their resolves,
iii. 8 ; forward in undertaking
wars, but soon fainting under
misfortunes, 19; their manners,
chiefs, druids, discipline, cavalry,
religion, origin, marriages, and
funerals, vi. 13 ; their country
geographically described, i. 1.

Gallia, the ancient and renowned
country of Gaul, now France. It
was divided by the Romans into

Gallia Cisalpma, Tonsa, or Togata,
now Lombardy, between the Alps
and the river Rubicon : and

Gallia Transalpina, or Comata, com-
prehending France, Holland, the
Netherlands: and further subdi-
vided into

Gallia Belgica, now a part of Lower
Germany, and the Netherlands,
with Picardy ; divided by Augus-
tus, into Belgica and Germania ;
and the latter into Prima and
Secunda.

Gallia Celtica, now France properly
so called, divided by Augustus,
into Lugdunensis, and Rothoma-
gensis.

Gallia Aquitanica, now Gascony;
divided by Augustus, into Prima,
Secunda, and Tertia : and

Gallia Narbonensis, or Braccata,
now Languedoc, Dauphiny, and
Provence.

Gallogrsecia, a country of Asia
Minor, the same as Galatia.

Ganymedes, made commander of
the Egyptian army, A. 4 ; irritates
the people by his tyrannical be-
havior, 23.

Garites, a people of Gaul, inhabiting
the country now called Gavre,
Gavaraan.

Garoceli, or Graioceli, an ancient
people of Gaul, about Mount
Genis, or Mount Genevre ; others
place them in the Val de Gorienne r



55C



INDEX.



they oppose Crcsar's passage over
the Alps, G. i. 10.

Garumna, the Garonne i one of tho
largest rivers of France, which,
rising in the Pyrennees, flows
through Guienne, forms the vast
Bay of Garonne, and falls, by two
mouths, into the British Sens.
The Garonne is navigable as far
as Toulouse, and communicates
with the Mediterranean by means
of the great canal, G. i. 1.

Garumni, an ancient people of Gaul,
in the neighborhood of the Ga-
ronne, G. iii. 27.

Geldura, a fortress of tho Ubii, on
the Rhine, not improbably tho
present village of Gelb, on that
river eleven German miles from
Nens.

Genabum, Orleans, an ancient town
of Gaul, famous for the massacre
of the Roman citizens committed
there by the Carnutes.

Geneva, a city of Savoy, now a free
republic, upon the borders of
Helvetia, where the Rhone issues
from the Lake Lemanus, ancient-
ly a city of the Allobroges.

Genusus, a river of Macedonia, un-
certain.

Gergovia, the name of two cities in
ancient Gaul, the one belonging
to the Boii, the other to the Ar-
verni. The latter was the only
Gallic city which baffled the at-
tacks of Csesar.

of the Averni, Vercinge-

torix expelled thence by Gobani-
tio, G. vii. 4 ; the Romans attack-
ing it eagerly, are repulsed with
great slaughter, 50.

of tho Boii, besieged in



vain by Vercingetorix, G. vii 9.
Germania, Germany, one of the
largest countries of Europe, and
the mother of those nations which,
on the fall of the Roman empire,
conquered all the rest. The name
appears to be derived from wer,
war, and man, a man, and signifies
the country of warlike men.



Germans, babituated from their in-
fancy to arms, G. i. 36 ; their
manner of training, their cavalry,
48; their superstition, 50; de-
feated by Caasar, 53 ; their man-
ners, religion, vi. 23; their hugo
stature and strength, G. i. 39.

Getse, an ancient people of Scythia,
who inhabited betwixt Mcesia
and Dacia, on each side of tho
Danube. Some think their coun-
try the same with the present
IVallachia, or Moldavia.

Getuli desert in great numbers from
Scipio to Csesar, Af. 35.

Getulia, a province in the kingdom
of Morocco, in Barbary.

Gomphi, a town in Thessaly, Gonfi,
refusing to open its gates to Caesar,
is stormed and taken, C. iii. 80.

Gorduni, a people of Belgium, the
ancient inhabitants of Ghent, ac-
cording to others of Courtray ;
they join with Ambiorix in his
attack of Cicero's camp, v. 39.

Gotini, an ancient people of Ger-
many, who were driven out of
their country by Maroboduus.

Graecia, Greece, a large part of Eu-
rope, called by the Turks Romc-
lia, containing many countries,
provinces, and islands, once tho
nursery of arts, learning, and
sciences.

Graioceli; see Garoceli.

Grudii, the inhabitants about Lou-
vaine, or, according to some, about
Bruges ; they join with Ambiorix
in his attack of Cicero's camp, G.
v. 39.

Gugerni, a people of ancient Ger-
many, who dwelt on the right
banks of the Rhine, between tho
Ubii and the Batavi.

Guttones, or Gythones, an ancient
people of Germany, inhabiting
about the Vistula.

Hsemus, a mountain dividing Massia

and Thrace, Argentaro,
Haliacmon, a river of Macedonia,

uncertain ; Scipio leaves Favoniua



INDEX.



557



with orders to build a fort on
that river, C. iii. 36.

Harudea, or Harudi, a people of
Gallia Celtica, supposed to have
been originally Germans ; and by
some to have inhabited the coun-
try about Constance.

Helvetia, Switzerland, now divided
into thirteen cantons.

Helvetii, the Helvetians, or Sivitzers,
ancient inhabitants of the country
of Switzerland ; the most warlike
people of Gaul, G. i. 1 ; their de-
sign of abandoning their own
country, i; attacked with consid-
erable loss near the river Saone,
12 ; vanquished and obliged to
return home by Caesar, 26.

Helvii, an ancient people of Gaul,
inhabiting the country now pos-
sessed by the Vivarois; Caesar
marches into their territories, G.
vii. 7.

Heraclea, a city of Thrace, on the
Euxine Sea, Pantiro.

Sentica, a town in Mace-
donia, Chesia.

Hercynia Silva, the Hercinian Forest,
the largest forest of ancient Ger-
many, being reckoned by Caesar
to have been sixty days' journey
in length, and nine in breadth.
Many parts of it have been since
cut down, and many are yet re-
maining; of which, among others,
is that called the Slack Forest;
its prodigious extent, G. vi. 4.

Hermanduri, an ancient people of
Germany, particularly in the
country now called Misnia, in
Upper Saxony ; though they pos-
sessed a much larger tract of land,
according to some, all Bohemia.

Hermimus Mons, a mountain of
Lusitania, Monte Armlno ; accord-
ing to others, Monte detta Stretta.

Heruli, an ancient northern people,
who came first out of Scandavia,
but afterward inhabited the
country now called MecUenburg
in Lower Saxony, toward the
Baltic.



Hibernia, Ireland, a considerable
island to the west of Great Bri-
tain, G. v. 13.

Hippo, B&na, a city of the province
of Constantino, in the kingdom of
Tunis, in Africa, upon -the Medi-
terranean ; Scipio attacked by P.
Sitius, perishes there, A 96.

Hispalis, a city of Hispania Bactica,
Seville ; Caesar makes himself
master of it, H. 35.

Hispania, Spain, one of the most
considerable kingdoms in Europe,
divided by the ancients into Tar-
raconensis, Bsetica, and Lusitania.
This name appears to be derived
from the Phoenician Saphan, a
rabbit, vast numbers of these ani-
mals being found there by the
Phoenician colonists.

Iberus, a river of Hispania Terra-
conensis, the Ebro, G. L 60.

Iccius, or Itius Portus, a sea-port
town of ancient Gaul ; Boulogne,
or, according to others, Calais.

Igilium, an island in the Tuscan Sea,
il Giglio, F2sle du Lys.

Iguvium, a city of Umbria in Italy,
Gubio; it forsakes Pompey, and
submits to Caesar, C. i. 12.

Ilerda, a city of Catalonia, in Spain,
now called Lerida, on the Segre.

Illurgavonenses, a people of Hispa-
nia Tarraconensis, near the Ibe-
rus. They submit to Caesar, and
supply him with corn, C. i. 60.

Illyricum, formerly the country be-
tween Pannonia to the north, and
the Adriatic Sea to the south,
divided into Liburnia and Dal-
matia. It is now chiefly compre-
hended under Dalmatia and Scla-
vonia, and bordered by Pannonia,
Istria, Macedonia, and the Adri-
atic Gulf; almost wholly under
the respective dominions of the
Venetians and the Turks. Gabi-
nius receives a considerable check
there, A. 42.

Illurgis, a town of Hispania Erotica,
lllcra.



558



INDEX.



Indutiomarus, at the head of a con-
siderable faction among the Tre-
viri, G. v. 3 ; endeavoring to
make himself master of Labienus's
camp, is repulsed and slain, 53.

Isara, the. Iscre, a river of France,
which rises in Savoy, and falls
into the Rhone above Valance.

Isauria, a province anciently of Asia
Minor, now a part of Caramania,
and subject to the Turks.

Issa (an island of the Adriatic Sea,
Lissd), revolts from Caesar at the
instigation of Octavius, C. iii. 9.

Ister, that part of the Danube which
passed by Illyricum.

Istria, a country now in Italy, under
the Venetians, bordering on Illy-
ricum, so called from the river
Ister.

Istropolis, a city of Lower Moesia,
near the south entrance of the
Danube, Prostraviza.

Italia, Italy, one of the most famous
countries of Europe, once the seat
of the Roman empire, now under
several princes, and free common-
wealths.

Italica, a city of Hispania Bsetica,
Servila la Veja; according to
others, Alcala del Rio ; shuts its
gates against Verro, C. ii. 20.

Itius Portus, Cassar embarks there
for Britain, Gr. v. 5.

Ituraea, a country of Palestine,
Sacar.

Jacetani, or Lacetani, a people of
Spain, near the Pyrensean Moun-
tains; revolt from Afranius and
submit to Caesar, C. L 60.

Jadertini, a people so called from
their capital, Jadera, a city of
Illyricum, Zara.

Juba, king of Numidia, strongly at-
tached to Pompey, C. ii. 25 ; ad-
vances with a large army to the
relief ofUtica, 36; detaches a part
of his troops to sustain Sabura,
40 ; defeats Cario, ii. 42 ; his
cruelty, ii. 44 ; brings thirty ele-
phants to Scipio, Af. 25; fills



Csesar's troops with great terror,
but subsequently becomes con-
temptible, Af. 48 ; his death, Af.
94.

Jura, a mountain in Gallia Belgica,
which separated the Sequani from
the Helvetians, most of which is



Online LibraryJulius CaesarCæsar's Commentaries on the Gallic and civil wars: → online text (page 56 of 59)