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Galen Clark.

Indians of the Yosemite Valley and vicinity : thier [sic] history, customs and traditions online

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A knowledge -of horsemanship is not
needed for going on the trails. The most
timid people make the trips with enjoy-
ment. Some of the finest views can only
be obtained in this way.

There is a laundry in the Valley.

There is a barber shop.

There is a post office, telegraph and ex-
press.



104 APPENDIX.

There is a general store and places for
the sale of photographs, curios and Indian
work.

Treat the Indians with courtesy and con-
sideration, if you expect similar treatment
from them. Do not expect them to pose for
you for nothing. They are asked to do it
hundreds of times every summer, and are
entitled to payment for their trouble.

Kodak films and plates can be obtained
in the Valley.

Developing and printing are done in the
Valley.

TAKE YOUR CAMERA.



APPENDIX.



105



OFFICIAL TABLE OF DISTANCES AND LIVERY
CHARGES.

The following are the legal rates for
transportation of tourists in and about the
Yosemite Valley :



CARRIAGES.



FROM HOTELS OF PUBLIC
CAMPS, AND RETURN.


A

10 H

<D <D~


(H

^ '


fj

FH

cc




+J 73 O


'|S|


^ H O


To Cascades, Yosemite and
Bridal Veil Falls


Miles
Ifi 00


Each
Person

$ 1.50


Each
Person

$ 2,00


To Mirror Lake


^ 89


1.00'


1 00


To River View and Bridal
Veil Falls


10 41


1 00


1 50


To New Inspiration Point. .
To Happy Isles . ....


14.38

4 00


2.00
50


2.50
1 00


To Yosemite Falls


3 00


50


75











Continued on next page.



106



APPENDIX.



SADDLE HORSES.





Q


t*

ctf ;


||


FROM HOTELS OF PUBLIC


^

o> <D"


cut




CAMPS, AND RETURN.


*?
g


s l.


O 02
H 0!





"- JQ O


+-> P-l ^


-t-> 1-1 3




S5


tf oil


o




Miles


Each


Each






Person


Person


To Vernal and Nevada Falls


10.90


$ 2.50


$-3.00


To Yosemite Falls and Eagle








Peak


1 Q 1 Q


3nn


3nn


To Glacier Point and Sen-


lo. lo


.UU


.UU


tinel Dome


ni4


^ no


^ 00


To Yosemite" Point


. i'l

10 00


O. UU
O CQ


O UU

^ 00


To Eagle Peak


JLU. UU

13.00


3.00


O. UU

3.00


To Vernal and Nevada Falls








and Glacier Point (Con-








tinuous Trip)


1 Q 99


4(\f\


5 fin


To Glacier Point, Sentinel




, UU


.UU


Dome and Fissures


14 00


Q rn


Q 7^


To Old Inspiration Point and


-Lrr. UU


'


'


Stanford Point


16.00


4.00


4.00


To Vernal and Nevada Falls








and Cloud's Rest (Same








Day)


22.00


4.00


5.00


Charges for Guide (Includ-








ing Horse) When Furnished




Free


3.00



1. Trips other than those above specified shall be
subject to special arrangements between the parties
and the stables.

2. Any excess of the above rates, as well as any
extortion, incivility, misrepresentation, or riding of
unsafe animals, should be reported to the Superin-
tendent's office.

3. All distances are estimated from the Superin-
tendent's office.



APPENDIX. 107

SUPPLEMENTARY TABLE OP DISTANCES.

FKOM SUPERINTENDENT'S OFFICE. i

Bridal Veil Falls 4

Yosemite Falls, base %

Upper Yosemite Falls, base 2%

Upper Yosemite Falls, top 4*4

Little Yosemite Valley 8

Glacier Point (short trail) , 4^

Glacier Point (via Nevada Falls) , 14 ^

Cascades 8



INTERPRETATION OF INDIAN NAMES.

The Indians had names for all the prom-
inent features of the Yosemite Valley, and
these have been variously translated (some-
times with considerable poetic license), and
variously spelled. The translations given
below are as literal as possible, without
embellishment, and are believed to be fairly
accurate. The spelling adopted is such as
best indicates the pronunciation.

The English names, by which the falls and
peaks are commonly known, bear no rela-
tion to the Indian names, but were be-
stowed by the soldiers of the Mariposa



108 APPENDIX.

Battalion at the time the Valley was dis-
covered. The appropriateness and good
taste of most of them are due to Dr. L. H.
Bunnell, the surgeon of the expedition.
AH-WAH'-NEE (original name of Yosemite

Valley) "Deep grassy valley."
YO-SEM'-I-TE "Full-grown grizzly bear."
PO-HO'-NO (Bridal Veil) - "A puffing

wind. ' ?

LOI'-YA (The Sentinel) "A signal sta-
tion."

CHO'-LACK (Yosemite Falls) "The falls."
CHO-KO'-NI (Eoyal Arches) "Canopy of
baby basket." Strictly speaking, this
name applies only to a deep alcove near
the top of this cliff.
Yo- WEI'- YEE ( Nevada ) ' i Twisting. ' '
TO-TAU-KON-NU'-LA (El Capitan) Named
from the To-tau'-kons, or cranes, which
used to make their nests in a meadow
near the top of this rock.
KU-SO'-KO (Cathedral Rock) Interpreta-
tion doubtful.

PU-SEE'-NA CHUCK'-AH (Cathedral Spires)
"Pu-see-na" means mouse or rat, and
might possibly be applied to a skirrel.
"Chuck-ah" is a store house or cache.



APPENDIX. 109

WAW-HAW'-KEE (Three Brothers) "Fall-
ing rocks." Pom-pom-pa'-sus, usually
given as the Indian name of the Three
Brothers, is the name of a smaller rock
immediately to the West.

WEI- YO w ( Mt. Watkins ) - "Juniper
Mountain. ' '

TO-KO'-YA (North Dome) "The Basket."

TIS-SA'-ACK (Half Dome) A character in
Indian mythology.

MAH'-TA (Cap of Liberty) Said to mean
"Martyr Mountain."

PI-WEI'-ACK (Vernal Fall) Said to mean
' ' Sparkling water. ' '

LE-HAM'-I-TEE (Indian Canyon) - - "The
place of the arrow- wood. ' ?

HUM-MO' (Devil's Thumb) "The Lost
Arrow. ' '

AH- WEI'-YA ( Mirror Lake ) - 1 ' Quiet Water. ' J

TOO-LOO'-LO-WEI-ACK (Illillouette Fall) In-
terpretation doubtful.

WAH'-WO-NAH "Big Tree." (Now com-
monly spelled and pronounced Wa-wo r -
na.)



110 APPENDIX.



HEIGHTS OF YOSEMITE'S WATERFALLS.

FEET

Cascades 700

Bridal Veil 940

Ribbon 3,300

Sentinel 3,270

Yosemite (Upper 1,600 ft.; Lower 400 ft.) 2,634

Royal Arch 2,000

Vernal 350

Nevada 700

Illillouette 500



YOSEMITE'S PEAKS AND DOMES.
WITH ALTITUDES ABOVE FLOOR OF VALLEY.

(The Valley Floor is about 4,000 feet above
sea level.)

FEET

Inspiration Point 1,248

El Capitan 3,300

Cathedral Rock 2,678

Cathedral Spires 1,934

Royal Arches (span) 12,000

The Sentinel 3,100

Sentinel Dome 4,122

Three Brothers 3,900

Eagle Peak 3,900

Yosemite Point 3,L20

Glacier Point 3,250

North Dome 3,725

Half Dome 5,000

Cap of Liberty 3,062

Union Point 2,350

Cloud's Rest 5,912

Mt. Starr King 5,100



APPENDIX. Ill

NAMES OF INDIAN NUMERALS.

King-eet' One

O-tee'-cat Two

Tul-o'-cat Three

O^e'-sart Four

Mo'-ho"-cat Five

Te'-mo"-cat Six

Te-tow'-ok Seven

Cow-in'-tuk Eight

El'-e"-wok Nine

Ne-ah'-jah Ten

Larger numbers are expressed by combinations of
these numbers.

INDIAN WORDS IN COMMON USE.

Wat-too' The Sun

Co'-ma Moon

He-a'-mah Day

Cow-il'-la Night

Tum-aw'-lin North

Chu'-muck South

He'-home East

El-o'-win West

Het-a-poo'-pa Cold

Wool-tut'-tee Hat

Come'-haw Burn

Chum'-haw Dead or Die

Na'-win Up or Above

Hoo'-ya Down or Below

Wool-ar'-nee To Hunt or Look For

Took'-hah To Kill

E'-win Now

Oo'-haw By and By

Man'-nik More

Ut'-tee Much

Wa'-le-co Quick

Now'-tah To Steal

Nung'-hah Man

O'-hock Woman

Es-el'-lo Baby or Infant



112 APPENDIX.

NAMES OF THE INDIAN TRIBES PLACED

ON THE

FRESNO AND KINGS RIVER RESERVATIONS
IN 1850 AND 1851.

Names of Tribes From

Wil-tuk'-um-nees Tuolumne River

Yo-sem'-i-tees Yosemite Valley

Po-to-en'-sees and Noot'-choos Merced River

Chow-cMl'-lies Chowchilla Valley

Me'-woos Fresno Valley

Chook-chan'-cies Fresno and San Joaquin Rivers

Ho-na'-ches San Joaquin River

Pit-cal'-chees and Tal-an'-chees . . . San Joaquin Valley

Cas-was'-sees Fine Gold Gulch

Wah-too'-kees, Wat'-chees, No'-to-

no'-tose and We-mel'-chees Kings River

Cow-il'-lees and Tel-um'-nees Four Creeks

Woo'-wells and Tal'-chees Tule Lake





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Online LibraryGalen ClarkIndians of the Yosemite Valley and vicinity : thier [sic] history, customs and traditions → online text (page 5 of 5)