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Fam. Let., p. 255.

Sabbath customs, pp. 16, 19. See Crowley's Epigram of Alehouses
(1550).

Edes must we haue places for vitayls to be solde,
for such as be sycke, pore, feble, and olde.
But, Lorde, to howe greate abuse they be growue !
In eche lyttle hamlet, vyllage, and towne,
They are become places of waste and excesse,
And herbour for such men as lyue in idlenes.
And lyghtly in the contrey they be placed so,
That they stande in mens waye when they shoulde to church go.
And then such as loue not to hear theyr fautes tolde,
By the minister that readeth the newe Testament and olde,
do turne into the alehouse, and let the church go ;
Yea, and men accompted wyse and honeste do so.
But London (God be praysed) all men maye commende,
Whych doeth nowe this greate enormitie emende,
For in seruice tyme no dore standeth vp,
Where such men are woutc to fyll can and cuppe.



NOTES. XXxi

Wolde God in the countroy tlicy wouldc do the same,
Either for Gods feare, or for worldly shame !
IIow hallow they the Saboth, that do the tyme spcndo
In drynkinge and idlenes tyll tlie daye be at an eude ?
Not so well as he doetli, that goeth to the plowc,
Or pitcheth vp the sheues from the carte to the mowe.
But he doeth make holye the Sabothe in dede,
That heareth Goddes worde, and helpeth suche as node."
And Newcs out of Powlcs Churchjardc (1577), Satyr 5 : —
" Search Taucrnes through, and typling bowres
eche Saboth day at morne :
And you shall thinke this geare to be
ene too too much forborne.



What else but gaine and Money gote

maintaines each Saboth day
The bayting of the Beare and Bull ?
What brings this brutish play ?
Y/hat is the cause that it is born,

and not controlled ought,
Although the same of custome be
on holy Saboth wrought ? "
Stubs {Anatomie of Abuses, p. 157, ed. 183G) thus writes of Sunday
labour : —

" If he were stoned for gathering a fewe stickes vppon the Sabbaoth
dale, which in some cases might be lawful for necessities sake, and yet
did it but once, what shal they be who all the Sabbaoth dayes of their
life giue themselues to nothing els but to wallowe in all kinde of wicked-
nesse and sinne, to the great contempt bothe of the Lord and his Sab-
baoth ? And though thei haue played the lazie lurdens all the weeks
before, yet that dale, of set purpose, they will toyle and labour, in con-
tempt of the Lord and his Sabaoth."

The Mausolean Monwaent. p. 22, See Taylor^ Worlcs, f. 553 : —
"The Tomb of Mausoll, King of Carea,
Built by his Queen (kind Artemisia)
So wondrous made by art and workmanship,
That skill of man could never it outstrip :
'Twas long in building, and it doth appear
The charges of it full two millions were." (!)
Fertile Kent. p. 26.

" When as the pliant Muse, straight turning her about.
And coming to the land as Medway goeth out.
Saluting the dear soil, famous Kent, quoth she,
What country hath this isle that can compare with thee I
Which hast within thy self as much as thou canst wish,
Thy conies, venison, fruit, thy sorts of fowl and fish,



XXXll NOTES.

And what with strength comports, tliy hay, thy corn, thy wood :
Nor any thing doth want that any wliere is good."

Drayton's PoJyoIbion, 1G1.3.
" Kent
Is termed the civilest place of all this isle ;
Sweet is the country, because full of riches ;
The people liberal, valiant, active, wealthy."

2 K. Hen. VI. iv. 7.
M'lk, a cosmetic, p. 36.

"Some I have heard of that have been so fine
To wash and bathe themselves in milk or wine,
Or else with whites of eggs their faces garnish,
Which makes them look like visors or new varnisli."

Taylor, Works, f. 44.
Avar-ice. p. 41,

" The Earth is rip'd and bowel'd, rent and torn.
For gold and silver which by man is worn :
And sea and land are rak'd and search't and sought.
For jewels too far fetcht, and too dear bought." — lb. f. 43.

Simony, pp. 43, 45. On this subject see Hall's Satires, ii. 5 : —

" Saw'st thou ever si-QUis patch'd on Paul's church door.
To seek some vacant vicarage before ?
Who wants a churchman, that can service say,
Read fast and fair his monthly homily ?
And wed and bury and make christen-souls ?
Come to the left-side alley of Saint Pauls.
Thou servile fool, why could'st thou not repair
To buy a benefice at Steeple-fair ?
There moghtest thou, for but a slender price,
Advowson thee with some fat benefice :



A thousand patrons thither ready bring
Their new-fall'n churches to the chaffering ;
Stake three years' stipend ; no man asketh more
Go take possession of the church-porch door,
And ring thy bells."

Brihei-y — Laicyers. pp. 42, 45 — 49.

" One here bewayles his wofull case

and wisheth him vnborne,
Another cryes with wringing handes,

alas, I am forlorne.
My sute thus long depended hath :

The Lawe is on my syde,
And yet in harde delayes I lye

true ludgement to abyde.



NOTES. XXXUl

Another thus bo friended is,

The ludge doth lone him well
And me (as poore and needie) they

doo dayly thus depell
Two hundreth niyles and more I come :

My Wife at home (uhis)
Lyes with my Children halfe forcpynde :

(0 lamentable case.)
My goods are spent, which labor brought,

through long and carefull toyle :
The Lawe hath lyckt vp all my wealth
for which I dyd turmoyle."

Newes out of Powlcs, Sat. 2.
The whole Satire might be quoted. Hall (ii. 3) satirizes lawyers
thus : —

" The crouching client, with low-bended knee,
And many worships, and fair flattery.
Tells on his tale as smoothly as him list.
But still the lawyers eye squints on his fist ;
If that seem lined with a larger fee,
Doubt not the suit, the law is plain for thee."
Well-drest fools, p. 43. " It is a scurvy fashion of your devising
that wise men in russet must reverence and stand bare to silken fools."
— Neivsfrom Hell, Hull, and Halllfax, p. 51.

" Why, assure you, signior, rich apparel has strange virtues; it makes
him that hath it without means, esteemed for an excellent wit : he that
enjoys it with means, puts the world in remembrance of his means : it
helps the deformities of nature, and gives lustre to her beauties." —
Evenj Man out of Ms Ha. ii. 1.

" Here, in the court, be a man ne'er so vile,
In wit, in judgment, manners, or what else ;
If he can purchase but a silken cover.
He shall not only pass, but pass regarded :
Whereas, let him be poor, and meanly clad.
Though ne'er so richly parted, you shall have
A fellow that knows nothing but his beef,
Or how to rinse his clammy guts in beer
Will take him by the shoulders, or the throat
And kick him down the stairs. Such is the state
Of virtue in bad clothes ! ha, ha, ha, ha !
That raiment should be in such high request." — Ih. iii. 3.
Fairies, p. 53.

" Gcrt. Good Lord, that there are no fairies now-a-days, Syn.
Syn. Why, Madam ?
Gert. To do miracles and bring ladies money."

1605. Eastward Hoe, v. i.
times' w. c



XXX.1V NOTES.

" Wash your pails and cleanse your dairies,
Sluts are loathsome to the Fairies :
Sweep your house, who doth not so
Mab will pinch her by the toe." — Ilerrick's Ilcsperides.

" Grant that the sweet Fairies may nightly put money in your shoes,
and sweep your house clean." — Holiday's Ilarriages of the Arts.

" Farewell rewards and Faeries,

Good houswives now may say,
For now foule slutts in daries

Doe fare as well as they.
And though they sweepe theyr hearths no less

Then maydes were wont to doe,
Yet who of late for cleaneliness,

Finds sixe-pence in her shoe ? " — Corbet's Poems, p. 213.

For more information on the subject of Fairies the reader is referred
to Brand's Poj). Antiq., edited by W. C. Hazlitt, 1870.

Gluttony, p. 55.

" This day, my Lorde his speciall friende

must dyne with him (no naye)
His Partners, Friendes and Aldermen :

Wherfore he must puruaye
Both Capon, Swan, and Hernshoe good,

fat Bitture, Larcke and Quayle :
Eight Plouer, Snype, and Woodcock tine

with Curlew, Wype and Rayle :
Stonetiuets, Teale, and Pecteales good,

with Busterd fat and plum,
Fat Pheasaunt Powt, and Plouer base

for them that after come.
Stent, Stockard, Stampine, Taterueale,

and Wigeon of the best :
Puyt, Partrich, Blackebirde and

fat Shoueler with the rest.
Two Warrants eke he must prouide

To haue some Venson fat.
And meanes heele make for red Deere too,

(there is no nay to that.)
And needefullj^ he must prouide

(although we speake not ont)
Both Peacock, Crane, and Turkicock,

and (as such men are M'ont)
He must foresee that he ne lacke

colde bakemeatcs in the ende ;
With Custards, Tarts, and Florentines,

the bancquet to amende.



And (to be short and knit it vp)

he must not wanting see
Straunge kindes of fysh at second course

to come in their degree.
As Porpcsse, Seale and Sahnond good,

with Sturgeon of the best
And Turbot, Lobster, with the lyke

to furnish out the feast.
All tliis theylo haue, and else much more,

sydes Marchpane and greene cheese,
Stewde wardens, Prunes, & sweete conserues

with spiced Wine like Lees :
Greeneginger, Sucket, Suger Plate,

and Marmaladie fine :
Blauncht Almonds, Peares and Ginger bread.

But Peares should we assigne
And place before (as meete it is)

at great mens boordes : for why,
Raw fruites are first in seruice styll,

Else Seruing men doojye."

Newes out of Poides, Sat. 4.

To the above add the following: — "And nowadays if the table be
rot covered from the one end to the other, as thick as one dish can
stand by another, with delicate meat of sundry sorts, one clean different
from another, and to every dish a several sauce appropriate to his kind,

it is thought there unworthy the name of a dinner And these

many shall you have at the first course, as many at the second ; and,
peradventure, more at the third ; besides other sweet condiments, and
delicate confections of spiceries, and I cannot tell what. And to these
dainties, all kinds of wines are not wanting, you may be sure." — Anat.
of Abuses, p. 107.

Drunkenness, p. 57. Drunkenness " is a horrible vice and too too
much used in Ailgna (Anglia) ; every county, city, town, village, and
other places, hath abundance of ale-houses, taverns, and inns, which are
so fraught with maltworms, night and day, that you would wonder to
see them. You shall have them there sitting at the wine and good-ale
all the day long, yea, all the night long too, peradventure a whole week
together, so long as any money is left, swilling, gulling and carousing
from one to another, till never a one can speak a ready word." — A7iat.
of Abuses, pp. 113, 114.

Kmff Harries Gold. p. 61. The gold coins issued by Henry YIIL
were sovereigns, half sovereigns, rose nobles, and George nobles, angels,
crowns, and half-crowns. See Humphrey's Coin Collector s Manual, p.
451, ed. 1853.

Tobacco, pp. 70 — 72. Tobacco seems to have been a common
road to ruin :



XXXVl NOTES.

" Tobacco robs some men, if so it list,
It steals their coin (as thieves do) iu a mist."

Taylor, Worhs, f. 279.

" Too many there are that pass the bounds of liberality, and spend
most prodigally on (the devil of India) Tobacco." — lb. f. 336.

" Mischief or mischances seldom come alone : and it is a doubtfull
question, whether the devil brought Tobacco iuto England in a Coach,
or else brought a coach in a fog or mist of Tobacco." — Fb. f. 378.

Every thing that can possibly be said against Tobacco may be seen
in A Proclaimition {Taylor, ff. 251 — 253). It is too long for insertion
here. The phrase to drink (inhale) tobacco was common. " He drank
colt's-foot among his tobacco." Taylor, f . 358. Is this a practice now ?
I remember my father was in the habit of mixing colt's-foot with his
tobacco thirty j-ears ago. In Davies's Epigrams which appeared about
1598, one (xxxvi.) is in praise of tobacco.

Pict-hatch, the Spitle and Turnloll street, p. 80.

" Old Bembus of Pickt-hatch,

That plunging through the Sea of Turnebull Street,

He safely did arrive at Smithfield Bars." — Taylor, Worhs, f. 164.

" Sometimes [she] is in the full at Pickt-hatch and sometimes in the
wane at Bridewell." — Ih, f. 257.

" Turnbull street poor bawds."— ii. I 253.

" Did ever any man ere heare him talke
But of Pick-hatch, or of some Shoreditch baulke ? "

Scourge of Villanie, in. 305.
The Sjnttle, St Bartholomew's.

Dancing, p. 85. Stubs, in his Anatomie of Abuses, on 'Tlie Horrible
Vice of Pestiferous Dauucing used in Ailgna,' says : " Dauncing, as it is
vsed (or rather abused) in these dales, is an introduction to whordome,
a preparatiue to wantonnesse, a prouocatiue to vncleannesse, and an ih-
troite to all kinde of lewdnesse, rather then a pleasant exercise to the
minde, or a wholesome practise for the bodie (as some list to calle it) :
.... say they, it induceth loue : so say I also ; but what loue ? truely
a lustfull loue, a venerous loue, a concupiscencious, bawdie, and beastiall
loue, such as proceedeth from the stinking pump and lothsome sinck
of carnall affection and fleshly appetite" (pp. 179, 182, ed. 1585, reprint
of 1836).

Bread made of Peas. p. 99. " Do we not see the poor man that eatetli
brown bread (whereof some is made of rye, barley, peason, beans, oats,
and such other gross grains) and drinketh small drink, yea, sometimes
water, [and] fcedeth upon milk, butter, and cheese." — Anat. of Abuses,
p. 112.

" My house and I can feed on peas and barley."

Every M. out of his II u. i. 1.

Wapinng. p. 118. Pirates were commonly executed at Wai^ping.



NOTES. XXXVU

" I liaue seenc many of tlicso Prowling fisher-mcn end tlieir liiica like
Swans (in a manner singing) and sometimes making their wills at Wrap-
ping, or looking through a liempen window at St. Thomas Waterings."
—Taylor, Worls, f. 87.

" By Wapping, where as hang'd drown'd Pirats dye." — lb. f. 181.

" Thus much I mildly write in hope 'twill mend thee ;
If not, the Thames or Wapping shore will end thee." — lb. f. 316.

In Henry the VIII, 's time a place called "the Willows" was used
for this purpose : — '* And this yere was hongyd at the Wyllow by the
Temse syde Woolfe and hys wj'ffe, for kyllynge of two Lumberttes in a
bote on the Temse." — Grey Friars Cliron. p. 37.

Corbet's Song. p. xv. I know not how this song came to be attri-
buted to Corbet. It occurs in Gammer Gurtoii's Needle, Act ii., and
may be found in Hawkins's Origin of the English Dratna, vol. i. 1773 ;
in Dodsley's Old Plays, vol. ii. 1825 ; and in Hazlitt's Lectures on the
English Drama, p. 197, ed. 1840. The Comedy of Geanmer Gurton's
Needle has been attributed to John Still, who died Bishop of Bath and
Wells in 1607 ; and to Nicholas Udal, who died in 1557. It is not
likely that Corbet wrote the song, but I give it here notwithstanding.

Back and syde go bare, go bare,

booth foote and hande go colde :
But belley, God sonde thee Good ale ynoughc,

whether it be newe or olde.

I Can not eate, but lytle meat,
my stomacke is not good ;
But sure I thinke, that I can drynk

with him that weares a hood.
Thoughe I go bare, take ye no care,

I am nothinge a colde ;
I stuffe my skyn so full within,

of joly good ale and olde.
Back and syde go bare, go bare,

booth foote and hand go colde :
But belly, God send the good ale inoughc,

whether it be new or olde.

I love no rost, but a nut-brown toste,

and a crab layde in the fyre,
A lytle bread shall do me stead,

much breade I not desyre.
No froste nor snow, no winde, I trow,

can hurte mee, if I wolde,
I am so wrapt, and throwly lapt

of joly good ale and olde.
Back and side go bare, &c.



XXXVlll NOTES.

And Tyb my wyfe, that as her life

lovcth well good ale to secke,
Full ofte drinkes sliee, tyll ye may see

the tcares run down her cheekes ;
Then dooth she trowle to mee the bowle,

even as a mault worme shuld ;
And sayth, sweet hart, I tooke my part

of this joly good ale and olde.
Back and side go bare, &c.

Now let them drynke, tyll they nod and winke,

even as good felowes shoulde do.
They shall not mysse to have the blisse

good ale doth bringe men to :
And all poor soules that have scowred boules,

or have them lustely trolde,
God save the lyves of them and their wyves

whether they be yonge or olde.
Back and side go bare, &c.



"-^-__ '->r




'sitf^vrii'v-'



'il^pigvammt Satiron.



Septem compacta cicutis
Fistula.2

The Times ^Hiistle ; or a newe Daunce^
of seven Satires : whervnto are annexed
clivers other Poems comprising Things
naturall, morall, & theologicall. Compiled
by [U. C] Gent.



Parturit, assiduo si non renovetur aratro,
Non nisi cum ppinis, gramina mundus ager.



Ad Lectore?72.

Eeader, if tliou expect to find in this booke either |

affectation of poeticall stile, or roughnesse of vnhewen f

invention, w/^jch amongst many is of moste estimation, A

being

[Remainder cut offi]



' leaf 1. "" Virg. Eel. 2. 36.

^ Cf. " The Letting of Hvmovrs Blood in the Head-Vaine.
With a nc?v Morissco, daunced by seauen Satyi-es" etc.
London, 1600.

time's W. 1



I AM COME TO EXPOSE VICE AND SIX.



rieaf 1, bacji,! .

I am scut from |
Nemesis to
punish the sins



and expose the
vices of this age.



which is very
corrupt, and
needs severe
remedies.



, . .'^ Epigrammsatiron.

!Froui tlm Ehamuiisian goddcsse am I sent,
On sinne t' inflict deserved punnisliment
All-seeing sunne, lend me thy searcking eye,
That I may finde and scourge impietie, 4

j And pull from vice, w/iich hath beguiled sence,
Disguisd' like vertuo, brasse facd' impudence.
For now this age, this Avorse then iron age,
This sincke of synne, this map of hell, this stage 8
Of all vncleannesse, whose disease is ease,
Wallowing in worlds of pleasure, swallowing seas
Of sensuall delightes, is wliollie groAvne
A huge impostume of corruption, 12

Whose swelling tumor {well I am assui-'de)
Must needs be launcd', or ne'er will be recurde :
To the Av/ijch act^ my genius prompteth me,
Though it passe -^sculapian surgerie. 1 G

Be stout my heart, my hand be firm and steady.
Strike, and strike home, the vaine worlds veine is ready ;
Let vlcerd limbes and gowtie humo«rs quake,
Whilst w/th my pen I doe incision make.^ 20



[loaf 2]



Fear not, iny
vei'se, the
punishments
which are pre-
pai-ed fur truth.



or the spies



Ad Ritlimum.

March forth, and boldly march, my tel troth rimes.
Disclose the lewdnesse of these looser times ;
Fear not the fro\vne of grim authority,
Or stab of truth-abhorring villauie ; 24

Fear not the olde accustom6d reward,
A loathsome prison still for truth preparde ;
Though many hundred (Argus hundred) eyes,
View, and review, each line, each word, as spies, 28

' art crossed out, and act wTitten over.
* A line is drawn here : the lower half of the leaf is cut off.



T WILL BEG IX WITU THE ATHEISTS.



Your meaning to entrap ^ by wrong construction,

"\''nJaunted s^jeake the truth ; let not detraction

A pall jouv courage ; spite of iniurics,

Tell to the world her base enormities. 32



wliich will mU-
conslrue your
mcauing.



A loue priiicipiu;;e Musse.^

AVlien first I did intend to write 'gainst siune,
My i\Iuse Avas in suspence how to beginne j
AYhat crime to put i' th' forefront of my booke,
'Not through defect (let me not be mistooke) 36

Of number, for the w^orld abounds in ?ice,
But 'cause 'twas somewhat hard to breake the ice
To any ; but .at last methought 'twas fitt
First to inveigh 'gainst those that doe comy^itt 40

The greatst oCences ; whom I tooke to be
Our Ath[e]ists, v>'hich. striue to roote rp the tree
Of true religion : by these reasons movd : —
First, that this sinne might be from vs remov'd; ii
"W/thout the w/iich, it were in vaine to taxe
Other offences, of what note or sexe
Soever ; next, because this kinde of men
Doth most dishonor God; and lastly, when 48

All that we are is his, from whom alone
"\Ye doe all good dcriue, when every one
Moues by his power, lives by his pe?'mission,
And can doe notliing if the prohibition 02

Of the Almighty doe oppugne ; it lies
Only in him to end each enterprise.
These things concurrmg, I my selfe did fitt
To vse the inchoation of my witte 56

First in his cause, by Tv^hose direction
I hope to bring the rest vnto perfection.



At first I knew
not on what
subject to
commence.



but I thought I
would beijin with
atlieists who
commit the worst
offences.



God only can
bring my enter-
prise to per-
fection.



' rajy not clear iu MS.



Virg-. Eel. 3. CO.



ATHEISM IS THE ROOT OF ALL EHKOR.



[sat. 1.



neai2,bacl


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