Geoffrey Chaucer.

The Prioresses tale : Sire Thopas, the Monkes tale, the Clerkes tale, the Squieres tale from The Canterbury tales online

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Online LibraryGeoffrey ChaucerThe Prioresses tale : Sire Thopas, the Monkes tale, the Clerkes tale, the Squieres tale from The Canterbury tales → online text (page 28 of 36)
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Drede, I p. s. pr. I dread, fear, E
636 ; imp. s. Dreed, dread, fear,
1 201; pt. s. Dredde, dreaded,
feared, 1 8 1. A.S. on drcedan, to
fear ; the simple verb is not used.

Drede, s. dread, fear, awe, B 3694,
373*. E 358, 462 ; jt is no
drede = there is no fear"*or doubt,
beyond doubt, E 1155; out of
drede = out of doubt, certainly,


Dredful, adj. terrible, B 3558.

Drery, adj. sad, E 514. A.S.
dreorig, sorrowful ; lit. bloody,
from dreor, blood. Cf. G. traurig,
sad ; O. H. G. tror, blood, dew,
that which falls ; A. S. dredran,
Mceso-Goth. driusan, to fall.

Dresse, v. to address oneself, E
1007; to address, prepare, 1049;
pr. pi. Dresse hem, direct them-
selves, i. e. go, draw near, F 290.
F. dresser, Ital. dirizzare ; from
Lat. directus, direct ; from regere,
to rule.

Dreye, adj. dry, B 3233; pi.
Dreye, E 899. A. S. dryge, dry.

Dreynt,/>p. drenched, i.e. drowned,
B 69. A. S. drencan, to make
to drink, drench, drown; pp.

Driue, pp. driven, B 3203.

Dronke, pt. pi. drank, B 3418;
Dronken, 3390 ; pp. Dronke,
diunk, 3758.

Drough, pt. s. refl. drew himself,
approached, B 1710; pt. s. Drow,
drew, 3292.

Droughte, s. drought, F 118;
A. S. drrigaft, dryness ; drdgian,
drigan, to dry; from dryge, dry.

Dryue, v. to drive, F 183; pp.
Driue, driven, B 3203. A.S.
drifan, to drive, pp. drifen.

Dul, adj. dull, F 279. A.S. dol,
Goth, dwals, foolish.

Dure, v. to last, endure, E 166,
825. F. durer, Lat. durare; from
dttrus, hard.

Dyed,/)/, s. dyed, steeped, F 511.
A.S. dedgian, to dye; dedg, a
dye, a colour.

Dyen, v. to die, B 114, 3618;
Dye, 3324, E 38; pt. s. Dvde,
died, B 3986. See Deyen.

Dyghte, v. to dight, prepare, E
974; Dyghte me, prepare myself
to go, B 3104; pp. Dyght, pre-
pared himself to go, 3719. A. S.
dihlan, to prepare; G. dichten,
O. H. G. tihten, to set in order.


Ebbe, s. ebb, F 259. A. S. ebba,
an ebb, reflux ; ebbian, to ebb.

Echon, adj. each one, B iSiS;
Echoon, E 124.

Eek, adv. eke, also, B 59, 70,
1877. A. S. edc, Du. oo*, G.
auch, Mceso-Goth. auk.

Eet, pt. s. ate, B 3362, 3407 ; imp.
s. eat, 3640. A. S. etan, pt. t. ic
at; cf. G. essen, pt. t. ich ass.



Eft, adv. again, E 1227, F 631.
A.S. eft, again, back, after.

Egle, s. eagle, F 123; gen. Egles,
B 3365. F. aigle, Lat. aquila.
The A.S. word is ern, earn.

Egre, adj. eager, sharp, fierce, E
1199. F. aigre, Lat. ace. acrem,
from acer.

Eightetethe, orJ. adj. eighteenth,
65. A. S. eahlaleti'Sa.

Ekko, s. echo, E 1189. Lat. echo,
Gk. r'ixw ; from ?jx os > a noise.

Elaat, adj. elate, B 3357. Lat.

Elder, adj. eomp. older, B 1720,
3450. A. S. eald, old ; comp.
yldra, older.

Eldres, s. pi. elders, forefathers, B
3388, E 65, 156. A. S. yldra,
older ; the pi., yldran, means
elders, parents.

Elf-queen, s. fairy queen, B 1978,
1980. A.S. celf, an elf, whence
JElf-red (elf-counsel), Alfred ; Icel.
dlfr, an elf, fairy; spelt ouphe
in Shakespeare.

Elles, adv. else, otherwise, B 2129,
3232, 3983. A.S. elles, other-
wise ; the A. S. prefix el- means
other, foreign, strange ; cf. Lat.
al-ias, al-ius, al-ienus, al-ter.

Eluish, adj. elvish, i. e. abstracted,
vacant, absent in demeanour,
B 1893. The word occurs as
aluhch in Sir Gawain and the
Grene Knight, 68 1, where it
seems to mean having super-
natural power ; but no such
compliment is intended here.
* As the elves had power to be-
witch men, a silly, vacant person
is in Icelandic called dlfr; hence
dlfalegr, silly ; dlfaskapr and dlfa-
hdttr, silly behaviour ' ; Cleasby's
Icel. Diet. See the note.

Emeraude, s. emerald, B 1799.
F. cmeraude, O. F. estneralde,
from Lat. stnaragdus.

Emperoures, s. pi. emperors, B

3558. F. emperetir, O. F. em*
pereor, Lat. imperatorem.

Empoisoned, pp. poisoned, B
3850. F. empoisonner, to poison ;
poison is a doublet of potion ; from
Lat. potionem, a drink ; from
po'.are, to drink ; whence also

Emprinteth, imp. pi. imprint, im-
press, E 1193. F. empreindre,
from Lat. imprimere ; from prem-
ere, to press.

Empryae, s. enterprise, B 3857.
O. F. emprise, emprinse, an enter-
prise ; F. prendre, to take, Lat.
prekendere, prendere.

Encheson, s. occasion, cause, F
456. O. F. enckaison, an occa-
sion (Roquefort) ; from ehaoir,
to happen, Lat. cadere.

Encresen, v. to increase, B 1654;
pr. s. Encresseth, E 50; pp. En-
cressed, 408. Norman Fr. en-
crecer, from Lat increscere.

Endelcmg, prep, down along, F
416. A.S. andlang, G. entlang,
along; the prefix is seen in full
in Moeso-Goth. anda, Lat. ante,
Gk. dm-, Sanskr. anti (Vedic),
signifying against, opposite, &c.

Endure, v. to last, B 3538; F.
endurer, Lat. indurare. See

Endyte, v. to indict, B 3858 ; pr.
pi. 2 p. endite, compose, E 17;
pr. s. Endyteth, endites, composes,
E 41, 1148; pp. Endyted, com-
posed, B 3170. O. F. endider,
enditier, to indicate, from diiier,
to dictate, Lat. dictare.

Enformed, pp. informed, E 738,
F 335. Lat. informare, through
the French. Cotgrave has ' En-
former, to form, fashion,' &c.

Engendred, pp. engendered, be-
gotten, E 158. F. engendrer,
Lat. ingenerare, to implant ;
from Lat. genus = E. kin.

Engyn, s. a 'gin,' machine, F 184.



F. engin, meaning (i) skill, (2)
an engine; from Lat. ingenium,

Enlumined, ft. s. illumined, E
33- F. enlttminer, Lat. illumin-
are; from lumen, light, which
from lux, light.

Enquere, v. to enquire, E 769.
F. enqtierir, Lat. inquirers; from
quaerere, to seek.

Ensample, s. example, B 78,
3281. O. F. ensample (Roque-
fort), Lat. exemplum.

Entencion, s. intention, purpose,
E 703. O. F. intention, a design
(Roquefort) ; Lat. intentionem.

Entende, v . to direct one's atten-
tion, apply oneself, B 3498 ; to
attend, dispose oneself, F 689.
F. entendre, Lat. intendere.

Entente, s. intention, B 40, E
735, 874; meaning, F 400;
design, B 3835, F 521 ; wish,
E 189; mind, B 1740; in good
entent = with good will, B 1902;
as to commune entente, with
reference to its common (i. e.
plain) meaning, i. e. in plain in-
telligible language, F 107.

Entraille, s. entrails, inside, E
1188. F. entrailles, Low Lat.
intrania, Lat. interanea (Pliny),
from interus, inward, intra, with-

Envenimed, pp. envenomed, poi-
soned, B 3314. F. envenimer, to
poison ; F. venin, Lat. venenum,

Envye, s. envy, jealousy, B 3584,
3888. F. envie, Lat. inuidia.

Epistolis, dat. case pi. (Latiti),
epistles, B 55.

E quite e, s. equity, justice, E 439.
F. eqvite, Lat. aequitatem.

Er, conj. ere, B 119, 1667, aoi 5 5
F 130; er now, ere now, F
460; er that, before, E 178. A. S.
air, Mceso-Goth. air, whence E.

Ere, s. ear, F 196, 316; pi. Ere?,
B 3726, E 629. A. S. tare,
Mceso-Goth. atiso, Lat. auris.

Erl, s. earl, B 3597, 3646; pi.
Erles, 3839. A.S. eorl, Icel.jarl,
a chief.

Erly, adv. early, F 379. A. S.
eerlice; see Er.

Ernest, s. earnest, 723. A. S.
eornost, certain, sure, G. ernsl;
allied to Icel. ern, brisk, vigorous,
and Gk. opvvfu, I excite.

Ernestful, adj. serious, E 11/5.

Erst, adv. before, E 336; at erst
= at first, first of all, B 1884, E
985. A. S. eerest, first, superl. of
<er, before, ere.

Erthe, s. earth, E 203. A. S.
eorfte, Icel. jorS, Mceso-Golh.
airtha, G. erde.

Ese, s. ease, 217, 434. F. ahe.

Esily, adv. easily, F 115; softlv,
slowly, 388.

Espyen, v. to espy, spy, see, B
3258; pt. s. Espyed, 3718. F.
epier, O. F. espier, from O. H. G.
spehen, to spy, G. spahen.

Est, s. east, B 3657 ; as adv. in
the east, F 459. A. S. east, Icel.
austr ; cf. Lat. A urora ( = A nsosa)
and Sanskr. itshas, the dawn, from
the root us, to burn ; which from
an older root vas, to shine ; Peile's
Greek and Latin Etymology, 2nd
ed. p. 142.

Estaat, s. estate, condition, rank,
B 359 2 . 3647. 3965; state, E
160, 767; way, E 610; Estat,
state, F 26. F. etat, O. F. estat,
Lat. status.

Estward, adv. eastwards, E 50.

Ete, v. to eat, F 617; pp. Eten,
E 1096. See Eet. A. S. elan,
Mceso-Goth. itan, to eat.

Euangelist, s. Evangelist, writer
of a Gospel, B 2133.

Eue, s. eve, evening, F 364. A. S.
efen; cf. G. abend.

Euel, adv. ill, B 1897. See Yusl.



Euene, adj. even, E 811. A. S.
efen, eefen, equal, Mceso-Goth.

Euerich, adj. every one, E

Euerichon, every one, B 1164;
Euerichon, 4009 ; Euerichoon, B
58, 3089; with pi. sb. 3277.

Euermo, adv. evermore, continu-
ally, B I744> 4005; for euermo
= continually, E 754 ; Euermore,
F 124.

Exametron, s. a hexameter, B 3 1 69.
Gk. (^afntrpov, neuter of If a/^frpos,
a six-foot verse ; from f(, six, and
Utrpov, a metre, measure.

Excellente, adj. excellent, F 145.
F. excellent, Lat. excellentem.

Expert, adj. experienced, B 4. F.
expert, Lat. expertns.

Expoune, v. to expound, explain,
B 3398 ; Expounde, 3940 ; pt.
s. Expouned, 3399 ; Expowned,
3346. O. F. espondre, to ex-
pose, Lat. exponere.

Ey, inter), eh ! E 2419. Cf. G. .

Eyleth, pr. s. ails, B 1171, 1975;
pt. s. impers. Eyled, ailed, F 501.
A. S. eglian, to feel pain, eglan,
to give pain, egl, trouble ; Moeso-
Goth. agio, tribulation, aglns,
troublesome; cf. Goth, agis, E.


Pace, s. face; a technical term in
astrology, signifying the third part
of a sign (of the zodiac) ; a part
of the zodiac ten degrees in ex-
tent, F 50. See the note.

Fader, gen. sing, father's, B n/8,
3121, 3127; fader day, father's
day, father's time, 3374, E 1136;
we also find Fadres, B 3534,
3630, E 809 ; pi. Fadres, fathers,
ancestors, E 61 ; parents, origi-
nators, B 129. A. S. fader (gen.
fader} G. vater, Lat. pater. Sanskr.

pilrl, a father, guardian ; from pa,
to guard, nourish.

Faille, v. to fail, B 3955. F.
faillir, Lat. fallere.

Paire, adj. def. as sb. the fair part,
F 518 ; voc. case Faire, 485. A. S.
faegr, Moeso-Goth. fagrs, fair;
cf. Gk. 111770$, well-fastened,
strong, from irrf^vviM, I fasten ;
cf. Goth.fahan, to seize.

Pairnesse, s. fairness, beauty, E
384. A. S.fcegsrnes.

Pairye, s. fairyland, B 1992, 2004,
F 96 ; fairy contrivance, magic,
F 201. .f eerie, O. F. faerie, en-
chantment; F. fee, Ital. fata, a
fairy, from Low Lat. fata, a
witch, who presides over fate;
Lat. fatum, destiny.

Palle, v. to fall, happen, light, E 1 26 ;
to suit, E 259 ; Fallen, to happen,
F 134; pp. Falle, fallen, B 3196,
3268 ; happened, E 938 ; Fallen,
accidentally placed, F. 684. A. S.

Pals, adj. false, B 74 ; def. False,
3727. F. faux, O. F. fals, Lat.

Palsed, pp. falsified, broken (faith),
F 627.

Fame, s. good report, E 418. F.
fame, Lzt.fama.

Pantasyes, s. pi. fancies, F 205.

F. fantaisie, Gk. <pavraala, from
<paiveiv, to appear; whence also
phantom, phantasm. Fancy is a
doublet of phantasy.

Pare, v. to fare, get on, F 488;
i p. s. pr. Fare, I am, B 1676 ;
pr. s. Fareth, it fares, it is, E
1217; pp- Fare, fared, gone, E
896 ; imp. s. Far wel, farewell,
B Il6, 3631, E 555. A. S.faran,
to go, proceed, fare, Du. varen,

G. fahren, to travel ; cf. Gk.
iroptvu, I carry, noptvoftai, I
travel ; Gk. nopos, E. ferry.

Paste, adv. fast, closely, E 598 ;
quickly, B 2017; Paste by, close



at hand, B 3116; adv. comp.

Faster, closer, 3722. A.S. fast,

fast, firm ; faeste, firmly, also

Faucon, s. a falcon, F 411, 424,

&c. F.faucon, Lat. falconem.
F aught, ft. s. fought, B 3519.
Fauour, s. favour, B 3914. F.

faveur, L&t.fauorem.
Fayn, adv. gladly, willingly, B

41, 3283; wolde fayn = would

fain, would be glad to, E 696.

A..S.f<egn, fain, glad, Icel. feginn.
Fayre, adj. fair, B 69.
Fecche, v. to fetch, B 1857;

Fecchen, E 276. See Fette.
Feeld, s. field, in an heraldic sense,

B 3573! da*- Felde, field, plain,

3197. A.S.feld; dat.felde.
Feend, s. the fiend, F 522; a

fiend, B 3654. The Moeso-Goth.

fijan, to hate, has a pres. part.

fijands, used in the sense of an

enemy; so A.S. feon, to hate,

fednd, a fiend.
Feet, s. performance, E 429. F.

fait, Lat. facium. Thus feat is

an older doublet of fact.
Fel, adj. fell, cruel, terrible, B

2019 ; //. Felle, 3290. A.S. fell,

cruel ; O. F.fel, cruel (Roquefort).

Cf. Low Lat./<?//o,/<?/o, a traitor,

rebel ; whence E. felon,
Felaw, s. fellow, companion, B

1715, 2135; pi. Felawcs, B

1629, 3356, E 282. IceLfelagi,

a companion ; from fe, cattle,

property, and lagi, law, society;

applied to one who possesses

property in partnership with

Felde, s. dot. field, B 3197. See

Fele, adj. pi. many, E 917. A.S.

fela, G. viel, Du. veel, Gk. TTO\VS.
Felle. See Fel.
Felte, I p. s. pi. felt, F 566.
Fer, adj. far, B 1908,3157; adv.

1781, 3872. A S.feorr.

Ferde, pi. s. fared, i.e. behaved,
E 1060, F. 461, 621. See Fare.

Fere, s. dot. fear, B 3369, 3394,
3728. A.S. feer, dat. fare, fear,
danger ; cf. G. gefaftr, danger.

Ferforth, adv. far forward; so
ferforth = to such a degree, F 567 ;
as ferforth as = as far as, B 19.

Ferme, adj. firm, E 663. F. ferine,

Fern, adv. long ago ; so fern = so
long ago, F 256. A.S. fyrn,
O.H.G. firni, old. Cf. prov. G.
firner wein, last year's wine. The
root appears also in the Greek
irtpvfft, as in i) irtpvffi Ktuf^caSla,
last year's comedy (Curtius).

Fern, s. fern, ferns, F 255. A.S.

Fern-assh.en, s. pi. fern-ashes,
ashes produced by burning ferns,

Ferther, adj. further, B 1686;

adv. E 712.
Feste, s. feast, festival, E 191, F

61,113. F. fete, O. F.feste, Lat.

festa, pi. offeslum.
Festeyinge, pres. part, feasting,

entertaining, F 345. F.festoyer,

O.Y.festier, to feast.
Festlich, adj. festive, fond of

feasts, F 281.
Fette, pt. s. fetched, 301; pi.

Fette, B 2041; pp. Fet, F 276.

A. S. feccan, to fetch; pt. t. ic

feahte, pp. gefetod.
Fetheres, s. pi. feathers, B 3365.

A.S. fe~Ser, cognate with Lat.

penna (whence E. pen), and Gk.

irtTo/xeu, I fly, Sanskr. patra, a

bird's wing.
Fettred, pi. s. fettered, B 3547.

A.S.feter, Icel. fjottur, G. fessel,

a fetter ; cf. Lat. com-pes.
Fey,^s. faith, E 9, 1032. F. foi,

O.F.fei,feid, L&t.Jidem.
Feyne, v. to feign, F 510; pp.

Feyned, pretended, 524. F.

feindre, Lat. finger e.


Feyning, s. pretending, cajolery,

F 556.
Feynting, s. fainting, failing, E

970. Orig. pp. of F. feindre, to

Fieble, adj. feeble, weak, E 1198.

F.faible, O.F. foible, floible, Ital.
fievole, feeble. Derived from Lat.

flebilis, lamentable.
Fiers, adj. fierce, B 1970. Roque-
fort gives O.F. 'fers, fier, hautain,

severe ; ' it seems to be from Lat.

nom. ferns, not from Lat. ace.

Figure, s. shape, i.e. man's shape

or form, B 3412; pi. Figures,

figures of speech, E 16. F. figure,

Fil, pt. s. fell, occurred, happened,

B 186;, 1962, 3275, 449, 718;

as fer as reason til = as far as

reason extended, F 570; pt. pi.

Fille, fell, F 238; Ffflen, fell,

B 3183, 3620. A.S. feallan, to

fall; pt. t. icfeol, pp. gefeallen.
Fingres, s. pi. ringers, E 380.

A.S. finger.
Firste, adj. tised as a sb.; my

firstc = my first narration, F 75.
Fish, s. the sign Pisces, F 273.

See note. A. S. fisc, Lat. piseis ;

thus fishes and pisces are the same

Fit, s. a ' fyt ' or ' passus, 1 a portion

of a song, B 2078. A. S. fit, a

Flambss, s. pi. flames, B 3353.

F. flamme, O.F. flambe, Lat.

Flae, v. to fly, F 502 ; Flcen, 122;

pr. pi. Fleen, flee, B 121 ; pr. s.

Fleeth, flies, E 119, F 149; pi.

s. Fledde, fled, avoided, B 3445,

3874; Fley, fled, 3879. A.S.

fleon, to flee ; fleogan, to fly.
Flokmele, adv. in a flock, in a

great number, E 86. A.S. floe,

a. flock ; masl, a portion ; hence

dat. pi. as adv. mcelum, in parts,

and the compound flocmJelum, by

divisions or companies.
Flood, s. flood, flowing of the sea,

F 259. A. S. fldd, Mceso-Goth.

Flour, s. flower, B 2091, 3287,

3687; choice, pattern, E 919.

Y.fleur, Lat. florem.
Floure, pr. s. subj. flower, flourish.

E 1 20.
Folweth, pr. s. follows, B 3327,

imp. pi. follow, imitate, E 1189.

A. S. folgian,fyligean, Icel.fylgja,

G. folgen.
Folye, s. folly, E 236. F. folie,

from fol, fou, mad.
Fond, pt. s. found, E 457 ; Foond,

B J 99i. 3733; P>- pl- Fonde,

B 3 2 59 p 1 ' * subj. Fonde,

35 2 i.
Fonde, v. to endeavour, B 2080;

to attempt, try, E 283. A. S.

fandian, to try, tempt, search

out ; connected with findan, to

Foo, s. foe, enemy, B 1748, 3415,

F 136; pl. Foon, foes, B 3896;

Foos, B 3219, 3519. A.S. f ah,

a foe ; pl./a; from the same root

zs fiend. See Feend.
Fool, s. a fool, employed to make

sport, B 3271. F. fol, fan.
Fool-hardy, adj. foolishly bold,

B 3106.
Foo-men, *. pl. foes, B 3255,


Foon, Foos. See Foo.

Foond. See Fond.

For, conj. because, B 1705, F 74;
in order that, F 102 ; frep. as
regards, with respect to, B 13,
474; on account of, B 3321;
against, 2052; for me = by my
means, F 357. A.S. for.

Forage, s. forage, food, B 1973.
F. fourrage, O. F. fourage, from
O. F. forre, fodder, Low Lat.
fodrum, fodder; from a Teutonic
source; cf. O. H.G. fuo.'ar, E.



fodder; which from the root of
Moeso-Goth. fodjan, to feed; cf.
E. food. To forage is therefore
to search for fodder and food.

Forbede, imp. s. 3 p. may he for-
bid; god f orbed e = God forbid, E
136, 1076 ; pt. s. Forbad, forbade,
570. A. S. forbeddan, Mceso-
Goth. faurbiudan.

Forby, adv. past, B 1759, I79 2 -
Cf. Dan. forbi, past, gone; G.

Fordrye, adj. very dry, exceed-
ingly dry, withered up, F 409. Cf.
A. S. fordrigan, to dry up, parch.

Forfered, pp. exceedingly afraid;
forfered of, very afraid for, F 527.
The prefix for- is the A. S. for-,
G.ver-, Mceso-Goth./ra-, or some-
times four-, as in faurbiudan, to

Forgeten, pp. forgotten, E 469.
A. S. forgitan, to forget, pp. for-
geten, G. vergessen.

Forgoon, v. to forgo (commonly
misspelt forego), E 171. A.S.
forgdn, to forgo, pass by, Mceso-
Goth. faurgaggan, to pass by;
different from Moeso-Goth. fau-
ragaggan, to go before, which
might be represented by forego,
as, indeed, it is in the phrase
1 a foregone conclusion,' Othello,
iii. 3. 428 ; cf. G. vergehen and

Forlete, v. to leave, yield up, B
1848. A. S. forlfetan, to let go ;
G. verlassen, to leave.

Fors, s. force, matter; no fors =
no matter, E 1092, 2430. F.
force, Low Lat. fortia, strength ;
fiomforlis, strength. I gyue no
force, I care nat for a thyng, //
ne men chault' ; Palsgrave's French

Forsake, v. to forsake, leave, B
3431. A.S. forsacan.

Forth, adv. forth, F 605 ; used as
v. = go forth, F 604. A.S./orS.

Forthermore, adv. furthermore,

moreover, 169.
Forward, s. an agreement, B 34,

1167; promise, 40. A. S. fore-

vieard, an agreement ; from fore,

before, and vieard, a ward, or

guard; not connected with word.
Foryelde, v. to requite, yield in

return, E 831. A. S. forgyldan,

to recompense; from gyldan, to

pay, to yield; cf. Mceso-Goth.

fragildan, G. vergelten.
Foryetful, adj. forgetful, E 472.

The A. S. form isforgitol.
Foryiue, v. to forgive, E 526.

A.S.forgifan, Mceso-Goth. fragib-

an, G. vergeben.
Fostred, pt. s. nurtured, kept, E

322; pp. E 1043, F 500. A.S.

fosterian, to nourish, faster, food ;

from the same root as food and

fodder. See Forage.
Fote s. a foot ; on fote, on foot,

F 390. A.S. f6t, G. fuss; Lat.

ace. pedem, Gk. ace. voSa, Sanskr.

Foul, adj. ugly, E 1209; Foule,

poor, wretched, B 4003 ; Foul,

adj. as sb. foul weather, F lai.

A.S. fill, Mceso-Goth. fuls, foul.
Foul, s. bird, F 149, 435; //.

Foules, 53, 398. A. S. fugel, G.

Founde, pp. found, E 146;

Founden, 520.
Fourneys, s. a furnace, B 3353.

F. fournaise, 'Lai. fornacem.
Foxes, s. pi. foxes, B 3121 ; gen.

pi. 3223. A., G. fucks.
Frankeleyn, s. franklin, F 675.
Fraunchyse, s. liberality, B 3854.

F. franchise, freedom, franc, free.
Frayneth, pr. s. prays, beseeches,

B 1790. A.S. fregnan, Icel.

fregna, Mceso-Goth. fraihnan, to

ask; cf. G.fragen, Lat. precari.
Fredom, s. liberality, B 3832.
Free, adj. liberal, bounteous, B

1854; Fre, profuse, E 1209;



Free, noble, B 1911. A.S.freo,


Frely, adv. freely, E 352.
Freletee, s. frailty, E 1160. F.

frele, frail, fragile. Frailty is a

doublet of fragility, from Lat.

Fremde, adj. foreign, F 429.

A. S. fremed, foreign, Mceso-Goth.

framatkeis, G.fremde, strange.
Frendes, s. pi. friends, B 121.

A.S.frednd, Mceso-Goth. frijonds,

a loving one, from Goth. Jrijon,

to love, Sanskr. pri, to love.
Freres, s. pi. friars, E 12. Y.frere,

Lat. fratrem.
Frete, v. to eat up, devour, B

3294. A.S. frelan, G. fresseti,

Mceso-Goth. fra-itan, to devour ;

lit. tofor-eat, eat up.
Fro, prep, from, B 24, 121, F 464.

Fruyt, s. fruit, i.e. result, F 74.

F. fruit, Lat. frttctus.
Ful, adj. full, B 86 ; adv. very, B

3506, F 52 ; Ful many, very

many, F 128. A.S. full, G.

Fulfild, pp. fulfilled, E 596 ; filled

full, B 3713.

Fulliche, adv. fully, E 706.
Fulsomnesse, s. satiety, profuse-
ness, F 405.
Fumositee, s. fumosity, i.e. the

fumes of drink, F 358. From

Lat./wmws, smoke, fume.
Furial, adj. tormenting, F 448.

Lat. furialis, furious.
Furlong, s. a furlong; furlong

wey = a distance of a furlong,

i.e. a short time, 516. A.S.

furh, a furrow; it means fitrrow~

long, the length of a furrow.
Fy, inter j. fie 1 F 686. Welsh ffi ;

cf. G. pfui.
Fyf, num. five, B 3602. A. S. ftf,

Mceso-Goth. fimf, G. funf, Lat.

quinque, Gk. irivrf, vi^itf, Sanskr.


Fyn, s. end, purpose, result, B

3348, 3884. Y.fin, Lat./nw.
Fynally, adv. finally, at last, F

Fyne, adj. pi. fine, good, F 640.

F.Jin, G.fein.
Fyr, s. fire, B 3734. A. S. fyr, G.

fever, Gk. irvp.
Fyue, num. five, Bis. See Fyf.


Galle, s. gall, B 3537. A. S. gealla,
Lat./e/, Gk. \O\TI.

Galoche, s. a shoe, F 555. F.
galoche, Low Lat. calopedia, sug-
gested by Gk. Ka\oirfdi\a, a
wooden shoe; properly a piece
of wood tied to a cow's legs, a
clog ; from K&Xov, a log, irtStA.op,
a clog, fetter.

Galping,/r<?s. part, gaping, F 350 ;
Galpinge, 354.

Galwes, s. pi. gallows, B 3924,
394 1 . A.S. gealga, Icel. gdlgi.

Game, s. sport, E 609 ; joke, 733 ;
amusement, merriment, jest, B
2030, 3740, 3981. A.S. gamen,
Icel. gaman, a game, sport.

Gan, pt. s. began, B 3230 : as anx.
= did, B 14, E 393, 679; pi.
Gonne, did, E 1 103. A. S. ongin-
nan, pt. t. ic ongan; the simple
vb. not being used.

Gape, v. to gape, gasp, B 3924.
Icel. gapa, to open wide, Swed.
gap, a mouth, abyss, Icel. gap,
a gap ; Du. gapen, to yawn.

Gardin, s. a garden, B 3732. F.
jardin, O. F. gardin, Low Lat.
gardinum, from O. H. G. gartin,
gen. case of O. H. G. gart, a yard,
Cf. E. yard, G. garten.

Gat, pt. s. got, obtained, F 654.

Gauren, v. to gaze, stare, F 190;
pr. s. Gaureth, gazes, stares, B
3559. Apparently gaure is a



Scand. word ; cf. Norw. gagra, to
stand with outstretched neck, with
the chin in the air (Ross).

Gayler, s. a gaoler, B 3615. F.
geolee, a gaol, O. F. gaiole, from
Lat. caueola, dimin. of causa, a

Gazed, pt. s. gazed, E 1003. By
no means from the same root as
Moeso-Goth. us-gaisjan, to terrify,
but from Swed. dial. gasa.

Geaunt, s. a giant, B 1997, 3298.
F. giant, Lat. gigantem.

Gemmes, s. pi. gems, precious
stones, E 254, 779. F. gemme,
Lat. gemma.

Gent, adj. gentle, noble, B 1905.
F. gent, comely; Lat. genitus,

Gentil, adj. gentle, worthy, B
1627, F 452 ; excellent, B 3123 ;
compassionate, F 483 ; pi. as sb.
Gentils, gentry, people of rank,
E 480. F. gentil, Lat. gentilis.

Gentillesse, s. nobleness, B 3441,
F 483. 505; nobility, B 3854;
worth, E 96; slenderness, sym-
metry, F 426 ; delicate nurture,
E 593.

Gentilleste, adv. noblest, 72.

Gentilly, adv. in a frank or noble
manner, frankly, F 674.

Gere, s. gear, clothing, E 372.
A. S. gearwa, clothing, prepara-
tion, gearo, ready, yare.

Gesse, i p. s. pr. I suppose, B
3435. 396o, E 469, F 609. Du.
gis'sen, to conjecture; cf. Icel.
gizlta, to guess.

Gest, s. a guest, E 338 ; pi. Gestes,
339. A. S. gaest, a guest, Lat.
hostis, a stranger.

Geste, s. a tale (told in the manner
of the gestours), a stock story;
in geste = like the common stock
stories, B 2123; pi. Gestes,
stories, F ail. O. F. geste, a
tale, Lat. gestum; Lat. pi. gesia,

Gestours, *. pi. story-tellers, B

2036. See above.
Gete, v. to get (genmd), E 1210;

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