Geoffrey Chaucer.

The Prioresses tale : Sire Thopas, the Monkes tale, the Clerkes tale, the Squieres tale from The Canterbury tales online

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s. pt. subj., I could, E 638.

Myghtily, adv. mightily, B 3517.

Myn, pass. pron. mine, my (used
before a vowel), B 40 ; (used
after a name}, E 365. A. S. mln,
properly gen. case of ic, I.

Mynde, s. memory, F 109, 607 ;
in mynde = in remembrance, B
1843. A. S. mynd; from mynan,

to remember ; cf. Lat. mfmini,
Gk. fif/o'rjfMi.


Naille, imp. s. 3 p. let it nail, let it
fasten, E 1184; pp. Nailed, fas-
tened, 29. A.S. nttgel, Icel.
nagl, G. nagel, a nail ; A. S.
nceglian, to nail.

Namely, adv. especially, E 484,

Namo,/or na mo, no more, F 573 ;
Namore, for na more, no more,
289, 314.

Nas,/or ne was, was not, 405,
F 14. A. S. naf, was not.

Nat, adv. not, B 1 24, &c. ; Nat
but, only, F 391, 638. Short for
nd iviht, i. e. no whit ; whence
naught, not. See Naught.

Natheles, adv. nevertheless, none
the less, B 45, 94, 3317. A.S.
nd, not.

Natiuitee, s. nativity, birth, B
3206, F 45. From Lat. natiuita-
tem ; which from Lat. nascor.

Nature!, s. natural, F 116. A
' day natural ' meant a period of
24 hours ; as differing from the
' day artificial.' See Artificial.

Naturelly, adv. naturally, by natu-
ral causes, F 229.

Naught, adv. not, B 1 702. See

Nay, adv. no, nay, 177; opposed
to yea, 355 ; answers a direct
question, B 1 793 ; it is no nay =
there is no denying it, B 1956, E
817, 1139- Icel. net.

Nayles, s. pi. nails, B 3366. A. S.
nagel. See Naille.

Ne, adv. (i) not ; when used with
a verb, a second negative is often
added, as in no ne, B 77 ; ne
noon, 89 ; (2) nor, B 1180, 1189.
A. S. ne, not, nor ; not bor-
rowed from the French.

Necessitee, s. necessity, F 593.
From Lat. necessitatem.



Necligence, s. negligence, B 22,

E 66 1. From Lat. negligenlia.
Need, s. need, indigence, B 103 ;

dot. Nede, 102, 112; extreme ne-
cessity, peril, 3576 ; see the note.

A. S. nedd, Icel. nan's, G. noth.
Nede, adv. (dative form) needs, B

3697, E 53* J (genitive form)

Nedes, B 2031, E n. A. S. nedd,

need ; gen. neddes, dat. nedde.
Nedeth, pr. s. needs it, it needs, F

65, 298 ; pt. s. Neded, it needed,

E 457- A. S. neddian, to compel.
Needles, adv. needlessly, E 621;

Needlees, without a cause, 455.
Neer, adv. near ; or perhaps adv.

comp. nearer, B 4000. See Ner.
Neigh, adj. near, nigh, F 49. See

Neighebor, 5. neighbour, B 108,

115, 3108. A. S. nedh-biir, from

nedh, near, and bur, a dweller;

from buan, to dwell.
Nekke, s. neck, B 3300, 113.

A.S. necca, hnecca.
Nekke-boon, *. neck-bone, B

Nempne, v. to name, tell, F 318;

pt. s. Nempned, named, E 609.

A. S. nemnan, to name, call ; cf.

G. nennen, to name ; Lat. nornen,

a name.
Ner, adv. nearer; ner and ner =

nearer and nearer, B 1710. See

Neer. A. S. nedh, nigh (adv.) ;

comp. nedr, nyr, nigher ; cf. G.

Nere, pt. s. subj. were not, B 3984 ;

were it not, 133. A.S. naeron,

were not.
Nest, s. nest ; wiMied nest, \. e. man

ni, or Mauny, B 3576. See note.

A.S. nest, G. nest.
Nettes, s. pi. nets, B 3665. A. S.

and Icel. net, G. netz.
Neuer, adv. never, B 87. A. S.

Nevew, s. nephew, B 3594. F.

neveu, Lat. nepotem,

VOL. II. 1

Newe, adj. def. new, E 841 ; adv.
Newe, newly, afresh, E 3, 378.
A. S. niive, neowe, adj. ; niwan,
adv. anew ; cf. Icel. nyr, Lat.
nouus, Gk. vfos, Sanskr. nava.

Newefangel, adj. newfangled,
taken with novelty, F 618. Cf.
A. S. fangennes, a taking ; the
root is clearly A. S. f6n, Goth.
fahan, to take ; cf. G. fangen ;
whence also A. S. unbefangenlic,
incomprehensible, onfengnes, a

Newfangelnesse, s. newfangled-
ness, fondness for novelty, F 610.
See above.

Nexte, superl. adj. nearest, B
1814. A.S. ncksta, nighest; from
nedh, nigh.

Nice, adv. foolish, E 2434. F.
nice, Span, necio, Port, nescio or
necio, foolish, ignorant, from Lat.
nescius, ignorant. This is clearly
the etymology of ' nice ' as used
by Chaucer ; the modern word nice
is the same, differently used.

Nil, i p. s. pr. I desire not, I dis-
like, E 646 ; I will not, 363 ; pr.
s. will not, 119. A.S. nyllan, to
be unwilling, Lat. nolle.

Nin, for ne in, i. e. nor in, F 35.

Nis, for ne is, is not, B 1876, E

448. F 72-

Niste, i p. s. pt. knew not, F 502 ;
pt. pi. Nisten, knew not, 634.
A. S. nytan, not to know, pt. t. ic
nyste ; from ne, not, and ivilan, to

Noblesse, s. nobility, magnificence,
B 3438, E 782 ; high honour, B
3208. F. noblesse; Low Lat.
nobililia ; from Lat. nobilis, noble,

Nobleye, s. nobleness, i. e. dignity,
state, F 7 7. Cf.O.Fr. nobloier,
to shine, lit. to look noble; from
Lat. nobilis.

Noght, adv. not ; shortened from
nought, and signifying in no re-
spect, B 94, 112. See Nat.



Nolde, pi. s. would not, B 87,
1821, 3664. A. S. nyllan, pt. t.
ic nolde; see Nil.

Nones, in pkr. for the nones = for
the nonce, for the once, for the oc-
casion, B 1165, 3133. Originally
for then ones, for the once ; where
then is dative of art. the, and ones
is an adverb used as a noun.

Nonnes, s. pi. gen. nuns', B 3999.
F. nonne, Low Lat. nonna, used
by St. Jerome (Brachet).

Noon, adj. none, no, B 102 ; pi.
Noon, 89. A. S. nan.

Noot, I p. s. pr. I know not, B

359 6 . 3973. F 34 2 - A - s - ndt >

for ne wot, knows not; I and 3

p. s. pr. indie.
Norice, s. a nurse, E 561, 618, F

347. Y. nourrice, O. F. norris,

Lat. nulricem.
Norished, pp. nourished, brought

up, E 399.
Norishiuge, s. nurture, bringing

up, E 1040.
Notable, adj. notorious, B 1875.

Lat. notabilis.
Note, s. a note (of music), B 1737.

Lat. no/a.
Notemuge, *. nutmeg, B 1953.

Note is A. S. hnut, G. nuss ; the

ending muge = O. F. muguet, Lat.

muscata, musk - scented ; from

muscus, scent, musk.
No-thing, adv. in no respect, not

at all, B 3402, E 228, 480.
Nouelries, s. pi. novelties, F 619.

Cf. House of Fame, ii. 178. O. F.

novelerie, which commonly means

a quarrel ; O. F. novel, new, Lat.

nouellus; from nouus.
Noueltee, s. novelty, E 1004.

O. F. noveliteit, Low Lat. nouelli-

tatem; from nouus.
Nouys, s. novice, B 3129. F.

novice, Lat. nouicius ; from nouus.
Now and now, adv. at times,

from time to time, occasionally, F


Nowches, s. pi. jewels, E 382,
O. F. noitche, nosche, a buckle,
bracelet ; Low Lat. nusca, a
brooch ; O. H. G. nusca, an orna-
ment, brooch, bracelet ; cf. O. H.
G. nusta, a knitting tog?ther.
Spenser has ouch.

Ny, adv. nearly, F 346 ; wel
ny = almost, E 82. A. S. nedh.

Nyce, adj. weak, foolish, B 3712.
F 525. See Nice.

Nyghte, s. dat. night; a nyghte,
at night, by night, B 3758. A. S.
nihtf Icel. ndtt, Lat. nocleni.


O, adj. one, B 52, 2122, 3663.

Shortened from M. E. on, A. S. an,

Obeisaunce, s. obedience, 24,

502 ; obedient act, E 230 ; pi.

Obeisances, submissive acts, acts

expressing obedient attention, F


Obeisant, adj. obedient, E 66.

Obeye, v. to obey, F 489 ; pt. s.
Obeyede, 569. F. obtir, Lat.

Obseruances, s. pi. duties, atten-
tions, F 516.

Obserue, v. to give countenance to,
favour, B 1821. F. observer,
Lat. obseruare.

Occupye, v. to occupy, take up, F
64. F. occuper, Lat. occtipare.

Of, prep, by, B 2132, E 70, 2436;
with, for, B 1779, E 33 ' as re '
gards, with respect to, B 90, 3388,
F 425 ; of grace = by his favour,
out of his favour, E 178. A. S. o/,
Icel. a/, G. ab. Lat. ab, Gk. diro.

Of, adv. off, away, B 3748, 3762.

Office, s. duty, employment (see
note), B 3446 ; houses of office =
servants' offices, pantries, larders,
&c. E 264. From Lat. qfficium.

Of-newe, adv. newly, lately, E
938. Hence E. anew.



Of-ta!*en, pp. taken off, taken
away, B 1855. Cf. 1. 1858.

Ofte, adj. pi. many, frequent, E
226 ; adv. often, 722 ; adv. coinp.
Ofter, oftener, 215, 620. A. S.
oft, Icel. off, oft, Goth, tifta, often,

Olde, adj. pi. old, F 69. A. S.
eald, G. alt, Goth, altheis.

Oliueres, s. pi. oliveyards, B 3226.
The O. F. oliver is used to trans-
late Lat. oliueta (Burguy).

On, prep, upon, concerning, B 48 ;
on, in, at; on cue = in the even-
ing ; on morwe = in the morning,
1214; on reste = at rest, F
379. A. S. on, Icel. d, G. an,
Goth. ana.

On, adj. one; euerich on, every
one, B 1164. See O, Oon.

Onlofte, adv. aloft, i. e. still above
ground, E 229. Icel. lopt (pron.
loft), cognate with A. S. lyft, air.

Ook, s. an oak, F 159. A. S de,
Icel. eik, G. eiche.

Oon, adj. one, B 2034, 3880 ; the
same, 2142, 711; the same
thing, alike, F 537 ; oon the
faireste = one who was the fairest,
one of the fairest, E 212; euer
in oon = continually alike, con-
stantly in the same manner, E
602, 677, F 4*7? many oon,
many a one, E 775. A. S. an,
Icel. einn, Goth, ains, Lat. unus.

Open, adj. open, B 1684. A. S.
open, Icel. opinn, G. off en.

Ord, s. beginning ; ord and ende =
beginning and end, B 3911.
A. S. ord, a beginning, a point of
a sword, Icel. oddr, whence E.
odd. We find pennys ord = a
point of a pen, in Cursor Mundi,
G 10626, altered to penne poynt
in text T.

Ordeyned, pp. appointed, F 177.
O. F. ordener, F. ordonner, Lat.

Orient, s. the east, B 3504. Sec
Thorient. From Lat. orienlem.

Othere, adj. pi. other, B 3344

?5 lo i 3896 ; sing. Other ; whence

that other = the other, answering

to that oon = the one, F 496.

A.S. o'&Vr, G. ander.
Otherweyes, adv. otheiwise, E

1072. Lit. other-ways.
Otherwyse, adv. on any other

condition, F 534.
Othes, s. pi. oaths, F 528. A. S.

a5, Icel. v oV, Goth, aiths.
Ouer, prep, besides, F 137. A.S.

ofer, Icel. yfir, G. iiber.
Ouer, adv. over, on, B 1633.
Oueral, adv. in every respect,

throughout, E 1048. Cf. G.

Ouerlad, pp. put upon, B 3101.

Lit. led over. See P. Plowm. B

Ouermacche, v. to overmatch,

overreach, conquer, E 1220.
Ought, adv. at all, B 1792. A.S.

dht, for an hwit, a whit.
Oughte,pt. s. subj. it should behove

us, E 1150; pt. s. indie, it was

fit, it was due, 1120; pt. pi.

Oughten, ought, B 1833, 3567.

A. S. dgan, to owe, to own ; pt. t.

ic dhte.
Oules, i. pi. owls, F 648. A.S.

ule, Icel. vgla, G. enle, Lat. ulula.
Out-caughte, pt. s. caught out,

drew out, B 1 86 1.
Outen, v. to come out with, to

utter, E 2438. A. S. Man, to put

out, to eject ; cf. O. H. G. uzon,

to put out. The word is very rare.
Outerly, adv. utterly, entirely, E

335. 639. 768, 953- A. S. a/or,

Outrage, v. to become outrageous,

to lose patience, lose temper, E

643. F. outrer, O. F. oltrer, to

pass beyond bounds ; O. F. ollre ,

Lat. ultra, beyond.
Owen, adj. own, B 3198, 3571,

E 504, 652 ; pi. Owene, B 3584.

A. S. dgen, G. eigen, own, peculiar.

T 2


Oxes, gen. sing, ox's, E 207, 291.
A. S. oxa, Icel. oxi, vxi, Goth.
auksa, G. ochs.

Oxe-stalle, s. oxstall, E 398. A. S.
oxaii steal, where oxan is the gen.
case of oxa, or it may be con-
sidered as a compound, oxa-steal.
In either case the sonant e after x
is accounted for.


Pace, v. to pass, go. B 1759, F
120; pr. s. subj. 1 p. er I pace
=ere I depart, ere I die, F 494;
pr. s, subj. may pass away, may
depart, E 1092. F. passer, Low
Lat. passare, to pass over ; from
pandere. See Passe.

Page, s. a page, boy, F 692. F.
page, Low Lat. pagius, a servant.
Deduced by Diez from Gk. irais,
iraiSiov. Ducange gives pagius,
pagita,pagesius, pagensis (whence
F. pays), all meaning a domestic
servant or a rustic. Surely from
the sb. pagus, a village, whence
also Lat. paganus.

Paleys, 5. palace, E 197, F 60. F.
palais, Lat. palatium.

Papeiay, s. a popinjay, a parrot, B
I 957- F papegai, from Span.
papagayo ; hardly from Arab, ba-
bagd, a parrot, a late word (Diez).

Paradys, s. Paradise, B 3200. Gk.
irapaSeiaos, a pleasure-ground,
Heb. pardes, known to be of Aryan
(Persian) origin.

Paramour, i. e. par amour, for love,
B 2033. See note.

Parauenture, adv. peradventure,
by chance, E 234.

Pardee, interj. an oath, from French
par dieu, B 1977, 1234; Parde,
B 3974, F 696.

Pareinentz, s. pi. ornaments ;
chambre of paramentz = orna-
mented chamber, F 269. F.
parement, an ornament, from
parer, to adorn, Lat. parare.

Parfay, interj. by my faith, B HO.
O. F. parfei, F. par foi.

Parfitly, adv. perfectly, E 690.
F. parfait, Lat. perfectus.

Parfournest, pr. s. 2 p. perform-
est, B 1797; pp. Parfourned,
1 646. Cotgrave has ' Parfour-
nir, to perform, consummate,' &c.
From O.F.fornir (F. fournir\
to accomplish ; from O. H. G.
frumjan, to accomplish, whence
also G.frommen, to avail ; which
from O. H. G. frum, good ; cf.
Mceso-Goth. frums, beginning,
fruma, first, Lat. primus ; from the
root of G. i/or, E.fore, Lat. prae.

Park, s. a park, F 392. Cf. F. pare,
probably from a Teut. source; cf.
Welsh pare, parwg, an enclosure ;
there is also A. S. pearroc, an en-
closure, park, which gives the ety-
mology of the E. word. The root
is seen in M. E. parre> to enclose.

Party, s. a part, 817. F. parti,
divided, from partir, to divide,
Lat. partiri.

Pas, s. a pace, i. e. a footpace, at
a slow rate, F 388. See Prol. 1.
825. Lat. passus.

Passe, imp. s. or pi. pass (over), go
(on), proceed, B 1633 ; I p. s. pr.
Passe of = pass by, F 288 ; pr. s.
Passeth, passes away, 404 ; pp.
Passed, past, spent, E 610 ; pres.
part. Passing, surpassing, extreme,
240,1225. See Pace.

Passioun, s. passion, suffering, B
1175. Lat. passionem.

Pauement, s. pavement, B 1867.
O. F. pavement, Lat. pavimentum.

Payndemayn, s. bread of a peculiar
whiteness, B 1915. See note.
From Lat. pants Dominicus.

Peer, s. peer, equal, B 1930. See

Pees, s. peace, B 130, 3524, 3826.
O.F. pes, F. paix, Lat. pacem.

Penaunt, s. a penitent, one who
does penance, B 3124. O.F.



peneant, penitent; from Lat.
poena, pain.
Penible, adj. painstaking, careful

to please, E 714. F. penible,

from peine, Lat. poena.
Peples, gen. sing, people's, E 412.

F. penple, Lat. populiis.
Perce, Percen, v. to pierce, B

2014, E 1204, F 237; pp.

Perced, B 1745. F. percer.
Percinge, s. piercing ; for percinge

= to prevent any piercing, B 2052.
Pere, s. peer, equal, B 3244, F 678.

See Peer. O. F. per, F. pair,

Lat. par,
Peregryn, adj. peregrine, i. e.

foreign, F 428. Lat. peregrinus.
Perilous, adj. dangerous, terrible,

B IQ99) 3 1O 9- From Lat. peri-

Perles, s. pi. pearls, B 3658. F.

perle,Port.perola, Low Lzt.pernla.
Perree, s. jewellery, precious stones,

B 3495. 355. 355 6 - F.pierrerie ;

Low Lat. petrarice, jewels ; from

Lat. petra, a stone.
Persone, s. parson, B 1170; per-

son, E 73. Lat. persona.
Peyne, s. pain, suffering, B 2134;

trouble, care, F 509 ; gen.

Peynes, F 480 ; vpon peyne =

under a penalty, E 586. F. peine,

Lat. poena.
Peyned hir, pt. s. refl. took pains,

Peyntede, pt. s. painted, F 560;

pp. Peynted, 646. F. peindre,

Lat. ping ere.
Philosophre, s. a philosopher, di-

dactic writer, B 25.
Phisyk, s. physic, the art of medi-

cine, B 1189. F. physique; Gk.

Pitee, s. pity, B 3231, F 479. F.

pitie, O. F. piled, Lat. pietatem.

Thus pity is a doublet of piety.
Pitous, adj. sad, B 2140, 3567, E

1121; pitiful, full of compassion,

F 20. O. F.pitos, F.piteux ; Lat.

Pitously, adv. piteously, sadly,

pitiably, B 3729, F 414, 461.
Place, s. manor-house, residence of

a chief person in a village or

small town, B 1910. See note.

F. place, Lat. plalea.
Piastres, s. pi. plaisters, or plasters,

F 636. F. platre. Low Lat. plas-

trum, short for emplastrum, Gk.

Piler, s. a pillar, B 3308 ; pi.

Filers, 3274. F. pilier ; from

pile, Lat. pila, a pillar.
Pin, s. a pin, small peg, F 127, 316.

From Lat. pinna, for penna.
Pistil, s. epistle, E 1154.

Plat, adv. flat, B 1865; flatly,

bluntly, 3947. F.plat, G. platt ;

both from Gk. irXarvs, broad.
Plate, s. plate, stiff iron defence for

a hauberk, B 2055. O. F. plate,

a flat piece of metal ; see above.
Platte, adj. dot. flat, flat side (of a

sword), F 162, 164. See Plat.
Playn, adj. plain ; in short and

piayn = in brief plain terms, E

577. F. plain, Lat. plantts.
Playn, s. a plain, B 24 ; Playne,

E 59.
Pleinte, s. complaint, lament, B

66. F.plainte,from La.t.plangere,

to wail. See Pleyne.
Plentee, s. plenty, abundance, E

264, F 300; gret plentee = in

great quantity, B 3665. O. F.

plentet, Lat. plenitatem, from

pie mis, full.
Plesaiice, s. pleasure, will, E 501,

659, 663, 672, 959, 964; kind-

ness, II II; pleasing behaviour,

F 509. F. plaisance, from Lat.

Plesen, v. to please, F 707. F.

flaisir, Lat. placere.
Pley, s. a play, sport, diversion, E
10, II, 1030. A.S.plega, sport.
Pleye, v. to amuse oneself, B 3524,

3666, 3996 ; pres. part. Pleying,



amusing herself, F 410. A. S. pleg-

Pleyn, adv. plainly, B 3947, E 19 ;
openly, E 637. See Plasm.

Pleyne, pr. pi. subj. I p. we may
complain, 97. F. plaindre, Lat.

Plowman, s. ploughman, E 799.

Plumage, s. plumage, F 426. F.
plumage, Lat. plutna, a feather.

Plye, v. to bend, E 1169. Y.plier,
Lat. plicare.

Plyghte, pt. s. plucked, pulled,
B 15. Cf. A.S. plucdan, pt. t.
pluccode ; though this hardly ac-
counts for the present form. We
may note, however, similar forms
in Chaucer elsewhere, viz. shryghte
(shrieked), Kn. Ta. 1959; twygh'.e
(twitched), Tro. and Cres. iv.
"85 ; pryghte, F 418.

Poetrye, s. poetry, E 33 ; pi. Poe-
tryes, poems, F 206.

Point, s. point ; fro point to point
= from beginning to end, B 3652 ;
point for point, exactly, in every
detail, E 577. F. point, Lat.

Point-deuys, s. point-device, F

Poison, s. poison, B 3859. F. poi-
son, Lat. potionem ; lit. a potion.

Polyue, s. a pulley, F 184. F.
poulie; the Prompt. Parv. has
f'oleyn, but the rime is decisive as
to the form used here.

Pompous, adj. stately, magnificent,

B 3745-

Pope, s. the pope, E 74 T ! *
Popes, 746; pi. Popes, B 2039.
A. S. papa, Lat. papa, a father.

Popet, s. poppet, puppet, doll ;
spoken ironically, and therefore
here applied to a corpulent per-
son, B 1891. Cotgrave has
' Poiipstte, a little b.iby, puppet,
bable* [i.e. bauble]. Cf. F.
poupee, a doll ; Lat pupa, a doll.

Possessioun, s. possession, i. e.

large property, great possessions.

wealth, F 686.
Potage, 5. pottage, broth, B 3623.

F. potage, from pot (Welsh pot), a

Pouerte, s. poverty, B 99, E 816.

O. F. povrete, poverle, Lat. pauper-

latem. Note ; the u in this word

is sounded as v.
Pound, s. pi. pounds, F 683. A. S.

fund, a pound ; a neut. sb. with

pi. pund ; cf. Icel. and Goih.pund.
Poure, adj. poor, B 116, 120; pi.

Poure, 188. The M is here a v;

povre = O.F. povre, F. pauvre ;

from Lat. pauperem.
Poure, adv. poorly, E 1043. See

Pourest, adj. svperl. poorest, E

205. See Poure.
Poureliche, adj. poorly, in poverty,

213, 1055. See Poure.
Preche, v. to preach, B 1179;

Prechen, 1177; imp. pi. Precheth,

E 1 2. F. precher, Lzt.praedicare.
Predicacioun, *. preaching, ser-
mon, B 1176.
Prees, s. press, crowd, B 3327 ;

Pies, F 189. F. presse; from

Lat. premere.
Preise, I p. s. pr. I praise, F 674.

O. F. preiser, to praise ; preis,

price, Lat. pretium.
Prescience, *. foreknowledge, E

659. From Lat. praescire.
Presence, s. presence ; in presence

= in company, in a large assem-
bly, E 1207.
Prest, s. priest, B 1166, 4000. O. F.

prestre, F. pretre ; Lat. presbyter.
Presumpcioun, s. presumption,

pride, B 3745.
Preue, s. proof, E 787. F.preuve,

from Lat. probare.
Preue, v. to test ; E 699 ; pr. s.

snbj. may test ; he preue = that he

test or try, 1152 ; pr. s. Preueth,

proves, 1000 ; tries, tests, 1155 ;

shews, 2425 ; pp. Preued, ap-



proved, 38 ; exemplified, 856 ;
shewn, F 481. See above.

Freyede, pt. s. prayed, besought, F
311 ; Preyde, B 3729, E 548,
765 ;pp. Preyed, 7 73. O.V.preier,
F. prier ; Lat. precari.

Preyere, s. prayer, B 1669, 141.
F. priere.

Preys, s. praise, B 3837. O. F.
preis, Lat. pretium. See Preise.

Priketh, pr. s. spurs, rides, B 1944 ;
pt. s. Priked, 1964; Pryghte, F
418 ; 2 p. s. fubj. Prike, B 2001 ;
Prikke, prick, goad, torture, E
1038. A. S. priccian, to prick,
goad. See Pryghte.

Prickinge, s. spurring, hard riding,
B 1965.

Prikke, s. prick, point, critical
condition, B 119. A. S. prica, a
prick, point.

Principles, s. pi. principles, deep
feelings, natural disposition, F 48 7.

Prioresse, s. prioress, B 1637.

Priuee, adj. secret, privy, closely
attendant, E 192, 519; secret, B
1991. F. prive, Lat. privates.

Priuee, adv. privately, secretly, F
531; Priuely.B 21, 3889.

Priuitee, privity, secrecy, E 249.

Proces, s. narrative, history, occur-
rence of events, B 3511 ; proces
holde = keep close to my story, F
658. F. proces, a suit at law,
Lat. processtts.

Profred, pp. offered, E 152. O. F.
profrir, porofrir ; from O. F. por-
(Lat. pro) and o/rir, to offer.

Proheme, *. a proem, prologue, E
43. F. proeme (Cotgrave), Gk.
irpootfuov, a prelude ; from irpo,
before, and o?//o?, a way, also, a
strain of song.

Prolixitee, s. prolixity, tediousness,
F 405. From Lat. prolixus.

Prologe, s. prologue, rubric to B
99. Gk. irpo\oyos.

Proporcioned, pp. made in pro-
portion, F 192.

Propre, adj. own, peculiar, B 3518 ;
of propre kynde = by their own
natural bent, F 610, 619. F.
propre, Lat. proprius.

Prose, s. prose, B 96. Lat. prosa.

Prospectyues, s. pi. perspective-
glasses, lenses, F 234. No doubt
Chaucer here makes the usual dis-
tinction between reflecting mirrors
and refracting lenses. Milton (Va-
cation Exerc. 1. 71) seems to apply
the word to a combination of
lenses, or telescope. See Trench,
Select Glossary, s. T. Perspective.

Prouerbe, s. a proverb, B 3436 ;
pi. Prouerbes, proverbial sayings,
saws, 2146. Lat. prouerbium.

Proueth, pr. s. proves, F 455. See

Prouost, s. provost, chief magis-
trate, B 1806. A.S. prdfosl, from
Lat. praepositus ; F. privot.

Prydeles, adj. void of pride, E
930. A. S. pryta, pride.

Pryghte, pt. s. pricked, F 418.
A. S. priccian, pt. t. priccode,
whence pryghte is contracted.

Pryme, s. prime, i. e. nine o'clock,
F 73 ; fully pryme, the end of the
period of prime, i. e. nine o'clock,
B 2015; pryme large, just past
nine o'clock, F 360. Lat. prima.

Prymer, s. primer, elementary
reading-book, B 1707. Lat. prim-

Prys, s. price, value, estimation, B
2087 ; praise, E 641 ; Pryse, E
1026. O. F. pris, preis, Lat. pre-
tium. Thus price and prize are
the same word as praise.

Pryuely, adv. secretly, 641.

Publisshed, pp. published, spread
abroad, E 415, 749.

Purpos, s. purpose ; it cam him to
purpos = he purposed, F 606. F.
propos, Lat. propositnm. We find
the verb spelt proposer and pur-
poser in Old French.

Purposed, pp. purposed, E 1067.



Purs, s. purse, F 148. A. S. purs,

Gk. &\jpaa, a skin.
Purveye, v. to purvey, provide, E

191. F. pourvoir, Lat. prouidere.

Thus purvey is a doublet of pro-

Putte, pt. s. put, B 1630, 3742 ;

2 p. Puttest, didst put, 3875 ; pp.

Put, E 471. Cf. Welsh pwtio, to

push, poke; Gael, put, to push.

The E. E. form pulte, with the

sense of put, is Mod. E. pelt.
Pyes, s. pi. pies, magpies, F 649.

F. pie, Lai. pica.
Pyne, s. pain, suffering, the passion,

B 2126; woe, torment, 3420, F

448. A. S. pin, from Lat. poena.
Pype, s. pipe, a musical instrument,

B 2005. A.S. pip, Icel. pipa,



Quad, a<#. bad, B 1628. Du.
Itvaad, bad, evil ; O. Du. quad.
'Een qitade boom brenght voort
qttade vruchten,' a corrupt tree
brlngeth forth evil fruit ; Matt.
vii. 1 7, in Dutch New Test. A. D.

Quaille, s. quail, E 1 206. O. F.
quaille, F. caille, Low Lat.
qnaqttila, of Teutonic origin ; cf.
Du. kwakkel, a quail, lewdken, to
croak, to quack. The name is
from the sound made.

Quaking, pres. part, quaking, E
3*7. 358; pp. Quaked, B 3831 ;
pt. s. Quook, quaked, shook,
3394. A. S. cwacian, to quake.

Quene, s. queen, B 1671. A.S.
cwen, Icel. kvdn, Goth. Inverts,
Gk. yvvfi, a woman. Quean and
queen are doublets.

Querne, s. (dot.) a handmill, B
3264. A.S. cweorn, cwyrn, Icel.
levern, Goth, kwairnus. In the
Mceso-Gothic version of St. Mark
ix. 42, the word ' mill-stone ' is
rendered by asila-kwairnus, i. e. a

quern turned by an ass, a quern of
large size. In Iceland Iwern is a
handmill, which used to be turned
by bondwomen, who sang as they
sat at work.

Queynte, adj. def. quaint, curious,
F 369 ; dot. 239 ; pi. Queinte,
B 1189; Queynte, curiously con-
trived, F 234. O. F. cointe, in-

Online LibraryGeoffrey ChaucerThe Prioresses tale : Sire Thopas, the Monkes tale, the Clerkes tale, the Squieres tale from The Canterbury tales → online text (page 31 of 36)