Geoffrey Chaucer.

The student's Chaucer, being a complete edition of his works; online

. (page 28 of 128)
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good ? ' ' This is a verray conse- 70

quence,' quod I.

' And certein is,' quod she, ' that by the
getinge of good ben men y-maked goode?'
' This is certein,' quod I.

' Thanne geten goode men that they 75
desiren ? ' 'So semeth it,' quod I.

' But wikkede folk,' quod she, ' yif they
geten the good that they desiren. they ne
mowe nat be wikkede ? ' ' So is it,'
quod I. 80

iv : (proee ii.


' Thanne, so as that oon and that
other,' quod she, ' desiren good ; and the
goode folk geten good, and nat the wikke
folk ; thanne nis it no doute that the

85 goode folk ne ben mighty and the wik-
kede folk ben feble ? ' ' Who-so that
ever,' quod I, ' douteth of this, he ne
may nat considere the nature of thinges
ne the consequence of resouns.'

90 And over this quod she, ' Yif that ther
be two thinges that han oo same purpose
by kinde, and that oon of hem pursueth
and parformeth thilke same thing by
naturel office, and that other ne may nat

95 doon thilke naturel office, but folweth, by
other manere thanne is convenable to
nature, him that acomplissheth his pur-
pos kindely, and yit he ne acomplissheth
nat his owne purpos : whether of thise

100 two demestow for more mighty ? ' ' Yif
that I conjecte,' quod I, ' that thou wolt
seye, algates yit I desire to herkne it
more pleynly of thee.'

' Thou wilt nat thanne deneye,' quod

10^ she, ' that the moevement of goinge nis in

men by kinde ? ' ' No, forsothe,' quod I.

' Ne thou ne doutest nat,' quod she,

' that thilke naturel office of goinge ne

be the office of feet ? ' ' I ne doute it

pro nat,' quod I.

' Thanne,' quod she, ' yif that a wight
be mighty to moeve and goth upon his
feet, and another, to whom thilke naturel
office of feet lakketh, enforceth him to

115 gon crepinge up-on his handes : whicho
of thise two oughte to ben holden the
more mighty by right ? ' ' Knit forth
the reinenaunt,' quod I ; ' for no wight ne
douteth that he that may gon by naturel

iro office of feet ne be more mighty than he
that ne may nat.'

' But the soverein good,' quod she,
' that is eveneliche purposed to ihe gode
folk and to badde, the gode folk seken it

! 1:2 5 by naturel office of vertues, and the
shrewes enforcen hem to geten it by
dyverse coveityse oferthely thinges, which
that nis no naturel office to geten thilke
same soverein good. Trowestow that it

130 be any other wyse ? ' ' Nay,' quod I ;
for the consequence is open and shew-

inge of thinges that I have graunted ;
that nedes gode folk moten ben mighty,
and shrewes feeble and unmighty.'

' Thou rennest a-right biforn me,' quod
she, ' and this is the jugement ; t hat is to
seyn, I juge of thee right as thise leches
ben wont to hopen of syke folk, whan
they aperceyven that nature is redressed
and withstondeth to the maladye. But,
for I see thee now al redy to the under-
stondinge, I shal shewe thee more thikke
and continuel resouns. For loke now how
greetly sheweth the feblesse and in-
firmitee of wikkede folk, that ne mowen
nat comen to that hir naturel entencioun
ledeth hem, and yit almost thilke naturel
entencioun constreineth hem. And what
were to demen thanne of shrewes, yif thilke
naturel help hadde forleten hem, the
which naturel lielp of intencioun goth
awey biforn hem, and is so greet that
unnethe it may ben overcome ? Consider
thanne how greet defaute of power and
how greet feblesse ther is in wikkede
felonousfolk ; as who seyth, the grctter thing
that is coveited and the desire nat acom-
plisshed, of the lasse might is he that
coveiteth it and may nat acomplisshe. And
forthy Philosophic seyth thus by soverein
good : Ne shrewes ne requeren nat lighte
medes ne veyne games, whiche they ne
may folwen ne holden ; but they failen of
thilke somme and of the heighte of
thinges, that is to scyn, soverein good ; ne
thise wrecches ne comen nat to the effect
of soverein good, the which they enforcen
hem only to geten, by nightes and by
dayes ; in the getinge of which good the
strengthe of good folk is ful wel y-sene.
For right so as thou mightest demen him
mighty of goinge, that gooth on his feet
til he mighte come to thilke place, fro the
whiche place ther ne laye no wey forther
to ben gon ; right so most thou nedes
demen him for right mighty, that geteth
and ateyneth to the ende of alle thinges
that ben to desire, biyonde the whiche ende
ther nis nothing to desire. Of the which
power of good folk men may conclude, that
the wikked men semen to be bareine and
naked of alle strengthe. For-why for-


i 7 8

wa. Q&ooft iv: (pvoee n.

leten they vertues and. folwen vyces?
Nis it nat for that they ne knowen nat

1 85 the goodes ? But what thing is more feble
and more caitif thanne is the blindnesse
of ignoraunce ? -Or elles they knowen ful
wel whiche thinges that they oughten
folwe, but lecherye and coveityse over-

190 throweth hem mistorned ; and certes, so
doth distemperaunce to feble men, that
ne mowen nat wrastlen ayeins the vyces.
Ne knowen they nat thanne wel that they
forleten the good wilfully, and tornen

195 hem wilfully to vyces ? And in this wyse
they ne forleten nat only to ben mighty,
but they forleten al-outrely in any wyse
for to ben. For they that forleten the
comune fyn of alle thinges that ben, they

200 forleten also therwith-al for to ben. And
per-aventure it sholde semen to som folk
that this were a merveile to seyen : that
shrewes, whiche that contienen the more
partye of men, ne ben nat ne han no

205 beinge ; but natheles, it is so, and thus
stant this thing. For they that ben
shrowes, I deneye nat that they ben
shrewes ; but I deneye, and seye simplely
and pleinly, that they ne ben nat, ne han

210 no beinge. For right as thou mightest
seyen of the carayne of a man, that it
were a deed man, but thou ne mightest
nat simplely callen it a man ; so graunte
I wel forsothe, that vicious folk ben wik-

215 ked, but I nemay nat graunten absolutly
and simplely that they ben. For thilke
thing that with-holdeth ordre and kepeth
nature, thilke thing is and hath beinge ;
but what thing that faileth of that, that

220 /'* to se-yn, that he forleteth naturel ordre,
he forleteth thilke thing that is set in his
nature. But thou wolt seyn, that shrewes
mowen. Certes, that ne deneye I nat ;
but certes, hir power ne descendeth nat

225 of strengthe, but of feblesse. For they
mowen don wikkednesses ; the whiche
they ne mighte nat don, yif they mighten
dwellen in the forme and in the doinge of
good folk. And thilke power sheweth ful

230 evidently that they ne mowen right
naught. For so as I have gadered and
proeved a litel her-biforn, that yvel is
naught ; and so as shrewes mowen only

but shrewednesses, this conclusioun is
al cleer, that shrewes ne mowen right 2
naught, ne han no power. And for as
moche as thou understonde which is the
strengthe of this power of shrewes, I have
definisshed a litel her-biforn, that nothing
is so mighty as soverein good.' ' That 2
is sooth,' quod I.

'And thilke same soverein good may
don non yvel ? ' ' Certes, no,' quod I.

' Is ther any wight thanne,' quod, she,
' that weneth that men mowen doon alle
thinges ? ' ' No man,' quod I, ' but-yif
he be out of his witte.'

' But, certes, shrewes mowen don yvel,'
quod she. ' Ye, wolde god,' quod I,
' that they mighten don non ! ' z

' Thanne,' quod she, ' so as he that is
mighty to doon only but goode thinges
may don alle thinges ; and they that ben
mighty to don yvele thinges ne mowen
nat alle thinges : thanne is it open thing 2
and manifest, that they that mowen don
yvel ben of lasse power. And yit, to proeve
this conclusioun, ther helpeth me this, that
I have y-shewed her-biforn, that alle
power is to be noumbred among thinges 2
that men oughten requere. And I have
shewed that alle thinges, that oughten
ben desired, ben referred to good, right as
to a maner heighte of hir nature. But for
to mowen don yvel and felonye ne may a
nat ben referred to good. Thanne nis nat
yvel of the noumbir of thinges that
oughte ben desired. But alle power
oughte ben desired and requered. Than
is it open and cleer that the power ne the 2
mowinge of shrewes nis no power ; and of
alle thise thinges it sheweth wel. that the
goode folke ben certeinly mighty, and the
shrewes douteles ben unmighty. And it
is cleer and open that thilke opinioun of 2
Plato is verray and sooth, that seith, that
only wyse men may doon that they
desiren ; and shrewes mowen haunten
that hem lyketh, but that they desiren,
that is to seyn, to comen to sovereign good, 2
they ne han no power to acomplisshen
that. For shrewes don that hem list,
whan, by tho thinges in which they
delyten, they wenen to ateine to thilke

QjJoefgtue. (gooft IV: (ptoee in.

285 good that they desiren ; but they ne geten
ne ateinen nat ther-to, for vyces ne comen
nat to blisfulnesse.

METRE II. Quos uides sedere celsos.

Who-so that the covertoures of hir
veyne aparailes mighte strepen of thise
proude kinges, that thou seest sitten on
heigh in hir chaires gliteringe in shyninge
5 purpre, envirounedwith sorwful armures,
manasinge with cruel mouth, blowinge
by woodnesse of herte, he shulde seen
tharme that thilke lordes beren with-inne
hir corages ful streite cheines. For

10 lecherye tormenteth hern in that oon
syde with gredy venims ; and troublable
ire, that araiseth in him the nodes of
troublinges, tormenteth up-on that other
syde hir thought ; or sorwe halt hem wery

15 and y-caught ; or slydinge and deceivinge
hope tormenteth hem. And therfore, sen
thou seest oon heed, that is to seyn, oon
tyraunt, beren so manye tyrannyes,
thanne ne doth thilke tyraunt nat that

20 he desireth, sin he is cast doun with so
manye wikkede lordes ; that is to seyn,
with so manye vyces, that han so wikTcedly
lordshipes over him.

PROSE III. Videsne igitur quanta in


Seestow nat thanne in how grete filth e
thise shrewes ben y-wrapped, and with
which cleernesse thise good folk shynen ?
In this sheweth it wel, that to good folk
5 ne lakketh never-mo hir medes, ne
shrewes lakken never-mo torments. For
of alle thinges that ben y-doon, thilke
thing, for which any- thing is don, it
semeth as by right that thilke thing be

10 the mede of that ; as thus : yif a man
reiineth in the stadie, or in the forlong,
for the corone, thanne lyt-h the mede in
the corone for which he renneth. And
I have shewed that blisfulnesse is thilke

15 same good for which that alle thinges
ben doon. Thanne is thilke same good
purposed to the workes of mankinde
right as a comune mede ; which mede ne
runy ben dissevered fro good folk. For no

wight as by right, fro thennes-forth that 20
him lakketh goodnesse, ne shal ben
cleped good. For which thing, folk of
goode mameres, hir medes ne forsaken hem
never-mo. For al-be-it so that shrewes
wexen as wode as hem list ayeins goode 25
folk, yit never-the-lesse the corone of
wyse men shal nat fallen ne faden. For
foreine shrewednesse ne binimeth nat fro
the corages of goode folk hir propre .
honour. But yif that any wight rejoyse 3
him of goodnesse that he hadde take fro
with-oute (as who seith, yif that any wight
hadde his goodnesse of any other man than
of him-self), certes, he that yaf him thilke
goodnesse, or elles som other wight, 35
mighte binime it him. But for as moche
as to every wight his owne propre bountee
yeveth him his mede, thanne at erst shal
he failen of mede whan he forleteth to
ben good. And at the laste, so as alle 40
medes ben requered for men wenen that
they ben goode, who is he that wolde
deme, that he that is right mighty of good
were part-les of mede ? And of what
mede shal he be guerdoned ? Certes, of 45
right feire mede and right grete aboven
alle medes. Remembre thee of thilke
noble corolarie that I yaf thee a litel
her-biforn ; and gader it to-gider in this
manere : so as good him-self is blisful- 50
nesse, thanne is it deer and certein, that
aUe good folk ben maked blisful for they
ben goode ; and thilke folk that ben blis-
ful, it acordeth and is covenable to ben
goddes. Thanne is the mede of goode 55
folk swich that no day shal enpeiren it,
ne no wikkednesse ne shal derken it, ne
power of no wight ne shal nat amenusen
it, that is to seyn, to ben maked goddes.
And sin it is thus, that goode men ne failen 6<>
never-mo of hir mede, certes, no wys man
ne may doute of undepartable peyne of
the shrewes ; tJiat is to seyn, that the peyne
of shrewes ne departeth nat from hem-self
never-mo. For so as goode and yvel, and 65
peyne and medes ben contrarye, it mot
nedes ben, that right as we seen bityden
in guerdoun of goode, that also mot the
peyne of yvel answery, by the contrarye
party, to shrewes. Now thw-une, so as 7"





bountee and prowesse ben the mede to
goode folk, al-so is shrewednesse it-self
torment to shrewes. Thanne, who-so that
ever is entecched and defouled with

75 pcyne, he no douteth nat, that he is
entecched and defouled with yvel. Yif
shrewes thanne wolen preysen hem-self,
may it semen to hem that they ben with-
outen party of torment, sin they ben

80 swiche that the uttereste wikkednesse
(that is to seyn, wikkede thewes, which that
is the uttereste and the worste kinde of
shrewednesse) ne defouleth ne enteccheth
nat hem only, but infecteth and en-

85 venimeth hem gretly ? And also look on
shrewes, that ben the contrarie party of
goode men, how greet peyne felawshipeth
and folweth hem ! For thou hast lerned
a litel her-biforn, that al thing that is

90 and hath beinge is oon, and thilke same
oon is good ; thanne is this the conse-
quence, that it semeth wel, that al that is
and hath beinge is good ; this is to seyn,
as who seyth, that beinge and unitee and

95 goodnesse is al oon. And in this manere
it folweth thanne, that al thing that
faileth to ben good, it stinteth for to be
and for to han any beinge : wherfore it
is, that shrewes stinten for to ben that
100 they weren. But thilke other forme of
mankinde, that is to seyn, the forme of
the body with-oute, sheweth yit that thise
shrewes weren whylom men ; wher-for,
whan they ben perverted and torned in-to
105 malice, certes, than han they forlorn the
nature of mankinde. But so as only
bountee and. prowesse may enhaunsen
every man over other men ; thanne mot
it nodes be that shrewes, which that
1 10 shrewednesse hath cast out of the con-
dicioun of mankinde, ben put under the
merite and the desert of men. Thanne
bitydeth it, that yif thou seest a wight
that be transformed into vyces, thou ne
1 15 mayst nat wene that he be a man. For
yif he be ardaunt in avaryce, and that he
be a ravinour by violence of foreine
richesso, thou shalt seyn that he is lyke
to the wolf. And yif he be felonous and
120 with-oute reste, and exercyse his tonge
to chydinges, thou shalt lykne him to the

hound. And yif he be a prevey awaitour
y-hid, and rejoyseth him to ravisshe by
wyles, thou shalt seyn him lyke to the
fox-whelpes. And yif he be distempre 12
and quaketh for ire, men shal wene that
he bereth the corage of a lyoun. And yif
he be dredful and fleinge, and drecleth
thinges that ne oughten nat to ben dred,
men shal holden him lyk to the hert. 13
And yif he be slow and astoned and
lache, he liveth as an asse. And yif he
be light and unstedefast of corage, and
chaungeth ay his studies, he is lykned to
briddes. And if he be plounged in foule 13;
and unclene luxuries, he is with-holden
in the foule delyces of the foule sowe.
Thanne folweth it, that he that forleteth
bountee and prowesse, he forleteth to ben
a man ; sin he may nat passen in-to the 14*
condicioun of god, he is torned in-to
a beest.

METRE III. Vela Neritii dulcis.

Eurus the wind aryvede the sailes of
Ulixes, duk of the contree of Narice, and
his wandringe shippes by the see, in-to
the ile ther-as Circes, the faire goddesse,
doughter of the sonne, dwelleth ; that 5
medleth to hir newe gestes drinkes that
ben touched and maked with enchauiite-
ments. And after that hir hand, mighty
over the herbes, hadde chaunged hir
gestes in-to dyverse maneres ; that 0011 of 10
hem, is covered his face with forme of
a boor ; that other is chaunged in-to
a lyoun of the contree of Marmorike, and
his nayles and his teeth wexen ; that
other of hem is neweliche chaunged in-to 15
a wolf, and howleth whan he wolde wepe ;
that other goth debonairely in the hous
as a tygre of Inde. But al-be-it so that
the godhed of Mercurie, that is cleped the
brid of Arcadie, hath had mercy of the 20
duke Ulixes, biseged with dyverse yveles,
and hath unbounden him fro the pesti-
lence of his ostesse, algates the roweres
and the marineres hadden by this y-
drawen in-to hir mouthes and dronken 25
the wikkede drinkes. . They that weren
woxen swyn hadden by this y-chaunged

tue. (gooft iv : (proee iv.


hir mete of breed, for to eten akornes of
okes. Non of hir limes ne dwelleth with

30 hem hole, but they han lost the voice and
the body ; only hir thought dwelleth with
hem stable, that wepeth and biweileth
the monstruous chaunginge that they
suffren. O overlight hand (as ivho seyth,

35 O ! feble and light is the hand of Circes the
enchaunteresse, that chaungeth the bodyes of
folJces in-to bestes, to regard and to com-
parisoun of mutacioun that is maked by
vyces) ; ne the herbes of Circes ne ben nat

40 mighty. For al-be-it so that they may
chaungen the limes of the body, algates
yit they may nat chaunge the hertes ; for
with-inne is y-hid the strengthe and vigor
of men, in the secree tour of hir hertes ;

45 that is to seyn, the strengthe ofresoun. But
thilke venims of vyces to-drawen a man
to hem more mightily than the venim of
Circes ; for vyces ben so cruel that they
percen and thorugh-passen the corage

50 with-inne ; and, thogh they ne anoye nat
the body, yit vyces wooden to destroye men
by wottnde of thought.'

PROSE IV. Turn ego, Fateor, inquam.

Than seyde I thus : ' I confesse and am
a-knowe it,' quod I; 'ne I ne see nat
that men may sayn, as by right, that
shrewes ne ben chaunged in-to bestes
5 by the qualitee of hir soules, al-be-it so
that they kepen yit the forme of the body
of mankinde. But I nolde nat of shrewes,
of which the thought cruel woodeth
al-wey in-to destruccioun of goode men,

10 that it were leveful to hem to don that.'
' Certes,' quod she, ' ne is nis nat leveful
to hem, as I shal wel shewe thee in coven-
able place ; but natheles, yif so were that
thilke that men wenen be leveful to

15 shrewes were binomen hem, so that they
ne mighte nat anoyen or doon harm to goede
men, certes, a greet partye of the peyne to
shrewes sholde ben allegged and releved.
For al-be-it so that this ne seme nat

20 credible thing, per-aventure, to some
folk, yit moot it nedes be, that shrewes
ben more wrecches and unsely whan they
may doon and performe that they co-

veiten, than yif they mighte nat com-
plisshen that they coveiten. For yif so 25
be that it bo wrecchednesso to wilne to
don yvel, than is more wrecchednesse to
mowen don yvel ; with-oute whiche mow-
inge the wrecched wil sholde languisshe
with-oute effect. Than, sin that everiche 30
of thise thinges hath his wrecchednesse,
that is to seyn, wil to don yvel and moivinge
to don yvel, it moot nedes be that they ben
constreyned by three unselinesses, that
wolen and mowen and performen felony es 35
and shrewednesses.' 'I acorde me,'
quod I ; ' but I desire gretly that shrewes
losten sone thilke unselinesse, that is to
seyn, that shrewes weren despoyled of
mowinge to don yvel. ' 40

' So shullen they,' quod she, 'soner, per-
aventure, than thou woldest ; or soner
than they hem-self wene to lakken mow-
inge to don yvel. For ther nis no-thing so
late in so shorte boundes of this lyf, that 45
is long to abyde, nameliche, to a corage
inmortel ; of whiche shrewes the grete
hope, and the hye compassinges of
shrewednesses, is ofte destroyed by a
sodeyn ende, or they ben war ; and that 50
thing estableth to shrewes the ende of hir
shrewednesse. For yif that shrewednesse
maketh wrecches, than mot he nedes ben
most wrecched that lengest is a shrewe ;
the whiche wikked shrewes wolde I demen 55
aldermost unsely and caitifs, yif that hir
shrewednesse ne were finisshed, at the
leste wey, by the outtereste deeth. For
yif I have concluded sooth of the unseli-
nesse of shrewednesse, than sheweth it 60
cleerly that thilke wrecchednesse is with-
outen ende, the whiche is certein to ben
perdurable.' ' Certes,' quod I, ' this
conclusioun is hard and wonderful to
graunte ; but I knowe wel that it acordeth 65
moche to the thinges that I have graunted

4 Thou hast,' quod she, ' the right esti-
macioun of this ; but who-so-ever wene
that it be a hard thing to acorde him to 70
a conclusioun, it is right that he shewe
that some of the premisses ben false ; or
elles he moot shewe that the collacioun
of proposiciouns nis nat speedful to a



75 necessarie conclusioun. And yif it be nat
so, but that the premisses ben y-graunted,
ther is not why he sholde blame the
argument. For this thing that I shal
telle thee now ne shal nat seme lasse

80 wonderful ; but of the thinges that ben
taken also it is necessarie ; ' as who seyth,
it folweth of that which that is purposed
biforn, ' What is that ? ' quod I.

' Certes,' quod she, ' that is, that thise
85 wikked shrewes ben more blisful, or elles
lasse wrecches, that abyen the torments
that they han deserved, than yif no peyne
of justice ne chastysede hem. Ne this ne
eye I nat now, for that any man mighte
90 thenke, that the manors of shrewes ben
coriged and chastysed by veniaunce, and
that they ben brought to the right wey by
the drede of the torment, ne for that they
yeven to other folk ensaumple to fleen
95 fro vyces ; but I understande yit in
another manere, that shrewes ben more
unsely whan they ne ben nat punisshed,
al-be-it so that ther ne be had no resoun
or lawe of correccioun, ne non ensaumple

100 of lokinge.' ' And what manere shal
that ben,' quod I, ' other than hath be
told her-biforn ? '

'Have we nat thanne graunted,' quod
she, 'that goode folk ben blisful, and

105 shrewes ben wrecches ? ' ' Yis,' quod I.

' Thanne,' quod she, ' yif that any good

were added to the wrecchednesse of any

wight, nis he nat more weleful than he

that ne hath no medlinge of good in his

1 10 solitarie wrecchednesse ? ' 'So semeth it, '
quod I.

' And what seystow thanne,' quod she,
'of thilke wrecehe that lakketh aUe
goodes, so that no good nis medled in his

115 wrecchednesse, and yit, over al his wikked-
nesse for which he is a wrecehe, that ther
be yit another yvel anexed and knit to
him, shal nat men demen him more
unsely than thilke wrecehe of whiche the

120 unselinesse is releved by the participa-
cioun of som good ? ' ' Why sholde he
nat ? ' quod I.

'Thanne, certes,' quod she, 'han
shrewes, whan they ben punisshed, som-

125 what of good anexed to hir wrecched-

nesse, that is to seyn, the same peyne
that they suffren, which that is good by
the resoun of justice ; and whan thilke
same shrewes ascapen with-oute torment,
than han they som-what more of yvel yit
over the wikkednesse that they han don,
that is to seyn, defaute of peyne ; which
defaute of peyne, thou hast graunted, is
yvel for the deserte of felonye. ' ' I ne may
nat denye it,' quod I.

' Moche more thanne, ' quod she, ' ben
shrewes unsely, whan they ben wrong-
fully delivered fro peyne, than whan
they ben punisshed by rightful ven-
jaunce. But this is open thing and cleer,
that it is right that shrewes ben pun-
isshed, and it is wikkednesse and wrong
that they escapen unpunisshed. ' ' Who
mighte deneye that ? ' quod I.

' But,' quod she, ' may any man denye
that al that is right nis good ; and also
the contrarie, that al that is wrong is
wikke?' 'Certes,' quod I, 'these

thinges ben clere y-nough ; and that we
han concluded a litel her-biforn. But
I praye thee that thou telle me, yif thou
acordest to leten no torment to sowles,
after that the body is ended by the
deeth ; ' this is to seyn, under standestoio
aught that soioles han any torment after the
deeth of the body ?

' Certes,' quod she, ' ye ; and that right
greet ; of which sowles,' quod she, ' I
trowe that some ben tormented by aspre-
nesse of peyne ; and some sowles, I trowe,
ben exercised by a purginge mekenesse.
But my conseil nis nat to determinye of
thise peynes. But I have travailed and
told yit hiderto, for thou sholdest knowe
that the mowinge of shrewes, which
mowinge thee semeth to ben unworthy,
nis no mowinge : and eek of shrewes, of

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