Geoffrey Chaucer.

The Tale of the Man of lawe ; the Pardoneres tale ; the Second nonnes tale ; the Chanouns yemannes tale : from the Canterbury tales online

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heart, C 332. O. F. rote, F.
route ; allied to F. routine, O. F.
rotine. ' Par rotine, by rote ; *
Cotgrave. See Route.

Roten, #>. rotten, 017,228. A.S.
rotian, to rot, putrefy, pp. gerotod.
The form rotten is Scandinavian ;
Icel. rotinn, rotten, pp. ; rotna t to

Round, adv. roundly, fully, melo-
diously, C 331. F. rond, O.F.
roond, Lat. rotundus. Cf. Lat.
' ore rotundo/

Route, s. troop, throng, company,
B 387, 650, 776. F. route, from
Lat. rupta, a broken (band) ;
from rumpere, to break. Cf. G.
rotte, a troop ; O. Flemish rote.

Route, v . to assemble in a com-
pany, B 540. See above.

Row, adj. rough, angry, forbidding,

G 861. A. S. ruh, rough, rugged,
hairy ; Du. ruw, rough, rugged.

Rownen, v. to whisper, G 894.
A. S. runian, to whisper ; from
run, a rune, a magic character, a
mystery ; O. Flemish ruunen, to
whisper. Hence round, to whis-
per, in Shakespeare.

Rubifying, s. rubefaction, redden-
ing, G 797.

Rydinge, pres. pt. riding, G 623.
A. S. ridan, Icel. rifta, to ride ;
pt. t. ic rdd, pi. we riden ; pp.

Ryghtwisnesse, s. righteousness,
C 637. A. S. rihtwis, righteous ;
Icel. retviss. Righteous is a
corrupt spelling of rightivise.

Rym, s. rime (commonly misspelt
rhyme), I 44. The spelling
rhyme, or rhime (with h inserted
from ignorance) is not older than
A.D. 1550. From F. rime ; which
however is, probably, from Lat.
ace. rhythmum ; of Gk. origin.

Ryme, v. to rime, to speak in
verse, G 1093. See above.

Ryotoures, s. pi. rioters, roysterers,
C 66 1. Roquefort gives rioter,
to dispute ; riote, noise, combat ;
faire riote, to grumble, dispute;
rios, a dispute, debate. The
suggested connection with Du.
ravotten, to romp, is unlikely.

Ryue, v. to rive, pierce, C 828.
Icel. rifa, Dan. rive, to rive, tear;
cf. Icel. hrifa, to catch, grapple.


Sad, adj. sober, calm, settled, G

397; pi. Sadde, discreet, B 135.

A. S. sad, sated, satiated (hence,

settled, firm).
Sadel, 5. saddle, H 52. A.S.

Sadly, adv. in a settled manner,

i. e. deeply, unstintingly, B 743.

See Sad.



Saffron with, to tinge with
saffron, to colour, C 345. F.
safran; from the Arab, zafarun,

Sal armoniak, s. sal ammoniac, G
798, 824. Lat. sal armetiiacum,
Armenian salt. * Sal ammoniac,
chloride of ammonium, a salt of
a sharp, acrid taste ; . . . also called
.hydrochlorate, or muriate of am-
monia ' ; Webster. The word
armoniac certainly answers to the
Lat. Armemacum in the old
treatises. Nevertheless the right
spelling is, perhaps, ammoniac ;
' dfjificaviaKov, TO, sal ammoniac,
rock-salt, Dioscorides ' ; Liddell
and Scott.

Sal peter, s. saltpetre, G 808.
Lat. sal petrce, rock-salt ; * so
called because it exudes from
rocks or walls ; nitrate of potassa ;
called also nitre ' ; Webster.

Sal preparat, s. prepared salt, G
810. See the note.

Sal tartre, s. salt of tartar, G 810.
' Salt of tartar, carbonate of
potash ; ... at first prepared from
cream of tartar ' ; Webster.

Salueth, pr. s. saluteth, B 731.
F. saluer, Lat. salutare.

Sans, prep, without, B 501. F.
sans, O. F. sens, Lat. sine.

Sapience, s. wisdom, G 101, m ;
pi. Sapiences, kinds of intelligence
(see note), 338. From Lat.
sapere, to know.

Satins, s. pi. satins, B 137. F.
satin, Low Lat. setinus, adj. from
Lat. seta, silk; whence also F.

Sauacioun, s. salvation, B 283, H

Saue, prep, save, except, B 217, G
1355. F. sauf', from Lat. sal-

Saue, imp. s. 3 p. save, may (he)
save, G 1361 ; pt. s. 2 p. Sauedst,
savedst, B 639 ; Saveth, imp. pi.


save ye, 229. O. F. sauer, Lat.

sahiare, to keep.
Sauf, adj. safe, B 343, G 950. F.

sauf, Lat. saluus.
Sauour, s. savour, smell, G 887.

F. saveur, Lat. ace. saporem.
Sawe, s. discourse (lit. saw, or

saying), G 691 ; saw, saying,

1441. A. S. sagu, a saying.
Scabbe, s, scab, a disease of sheep,

C 358. A. S. scab, sceab.
Scaped, pp. escaped, B 1151.

O. F. escaper, said to be from

Low Lat. excappare, to get out

of one's cloak, to flee. See

Brachet, s. v. echapper.
Scarsete, s. scarcity, G 1393.

O. F. escharsete, sparingness, fru-
gality ; from O. F. eschars, or

escars, Low Lat. excarpsus, pp.

of excarpere = excerpere, to select.
Scatered, pp. scattered, G 914.

A. S. scateran, to scatter ; cf.

sceddan, to separate.
Sclaundre, pr. s.ip.l slander, G

993 J 2 P* Sclaundrest, 695. F.

esclandre ; from Lat. scandalnm ;

whence also scandal. Slander

and scandal are doublets.
Scorpioun, s. scorpion, B 414.

Lat. ace. scorpionem.
Secre, adj. secret, G 178, 643.

O.F. secroi, secreit', Lat. secre-

Secre of secrees, secret of secrets.

Lat. Secreta Secretorum (the name

of a book), G 1447.
Secrenesse, s. secrecy, B 773.
See, imp. s. 3 p. may (He) behold,

or protect, B 156, C 715. See

note to the latter passage, p. 162.

See Seen.
Seel, s. seal, B 882, C 337. O. F.

seel ; from Lat. sigillum.
Seen, v. to see, B 182. A. S. sedn,

to see. See See, and Sey.
Seistow, for sayest thou, G 260.

See Seye.
Seken, ger. to seek, i.e. a matter


for search, 6874. A.S. secan,
to seek ; ger. t6 seeenne.

Seled, pp. sealed, B 736. See Seel.

Sely, adj. blessed, holy, B 682;
innocent, C 292 ; silly, simple, G
1076. A.S. scelig, happy.

Sendeth, imp. 2 p. pi. send ye, C
614 ; pt. s. subj. Sente, would send,
61091. A. S. sendan.

Sentence, s. judgment, order, I
17; verdict, G 366; Sentens,
general meaning, I 58. From
Lat. sententia.

Sepulture, s. sepulchre, C 558.
Lat. sepultura, burial.

Sergeants, 5. pi. sergeants, G 361.
F. sergent, Lat. seruientem, pres.
pt. of seruire, to serve.

Sermone, ger. to preach, speak, C
879. From Lat. sermo, a dis-

Seruage, s. servitude, tliraldom,
bondage, B 368. F. servage ;
from F. serf, Lat. seruus.

Seruisable, adj. serviceable, use-
ful, G 1014.

Sesoun, s. season, G 1343. O. F.
seson, Lat. sationem, a sowing-

Sette, pt. s. set, B 1053 ; re fl> set
herself, i.e. sat, 329; sette her on
knees = cast herself on her knees,
638 ; pi. refl. Sette hem, seated
themselves, C 775 ; Setten hem
adoun, set themselves, G 396 ;
pp. Set, set, placed, put, B 440.
A. S. settan, to place ; from sittati,
to sit.

Seurtee, s. security, surety, B 243,
C 937. O. F. seurte, Lat. ace.

Sey, pt. s. saw, B 583, 615, 809,
1051, 1128, C 961, G 355, 402 ;
I p. I saw, G 589 ; 2 p. Sey,
thou sawest, B 848 ; i p. pi.
Sey, ye saw, G 1106; pt. pi.
Seye, saw, B 218 ; Seyen, G 1 10 ;
pp. Seyn, seen, B 172, 624. A.S.
sedn, to see.

Seye, ger. to say, tell, i. e. to be
told, B 706 ; I p. s. pr. Sey, I
say, 1139; P*' pt' Seyden, said,
B 211 ; 2 p. Seydestow, saidst
thou, G 334. A.S. secgan, pt. t.
tc scegde.

Shadwe, s. shadow, I 7. A.S.

Shal, pr. s. is to, must, B 268,
665 ; i p. I am to (go), G 303 ;
2 p. Shal tow, for shalt thou, G
257. A. S. ic sceal. See

Shames, s. gen. of shame ; shames
deth, death of shame, i. e. shame-
ful death, B 819. A. S. scamu,

Snap, s. shape, form, G 44. A. S.
gesceapu, shape ; from scippan, to

Shapen, v. to devise, invent, B
210; pp. disposed (themselves),
142 ; prepared, 249 ; appointed,
253 ; planned, 951. A.S. scippan,
to create, plan.

Shauing, s. a thin slice, G 1239.
A. S. scafan, to shave, scrape.

Sheene, adj. showy, fair, B 692.
A. S. scene, seine, beautiful, fair ;
from sceawian, to show. Cf. G.
schon, fair.

Shetten, v. to shut, enclose ; gonne
shetten, did enclose, G 517 ; pt. s.
Shette, shut, 1142 ; Shette,
1218; pp. Shet, shut, B 1056, G
1137. A.S. scyttan, to lockup,
pt. t. ic scyttode.

Shete, s. a sheet, G 779; pi. Shetes,
536. A. S. scedt.

Shifte, v. to apportion, assign, G
278. A. S. scif tan, scyftan, to
appoint, divide ; Icel. skipta, to
divide, distribute.

Sholde, pt. s. had to, was to, G
1382, I 65. A.S. ic scolde,
sceolde, pt. t. of sculan. The
pres. t. is ic sceal. See Shal,

Shoop, pt. s. formed, shaped, G



1222; shoop him = purposed,
intended, C 874. See Shapen.

Showuing, s. shoving, pushing, H
53. A. S. scufan, to push, shove.

Shrewe, adj. evil, wicked, 995 ;
as sb., evil one, 917; an ill-tem-
pered (male) person, C 496 ; pi.
Shrewes, wicked men, rascals,835,
G 746. ' Schrewe, pravus ; '
Prompt. Parv.

Shul, pr. pi. shall, may, C 733;

1 p. I must, I have to, B 351 ;

2 p. pr. pi. Shullen, ye shall, G
241 ; pt. s. I p. Shulde, I should,
I ought to, B 247. See Shal.

Siker, adj. sure, G 934; certain,
1047; safe, 864. O. Friesic
sikur, siker ; O. Saxon (Heliand)
sikor ; Du. zeker ; O. H. G. sihhur,
G. sicker.

Sikernesse, s. security, safety, B

4 2 5.
Siluer, s. silver, G 826. A. S.

Similitude, s. comparison ; hence,

proposition, statement, G 431.

Lat. similitude).
Sin, conj. since, B 282, 1115, G

495, 504; adv. since, B 157.

Contr. from A. S. sffiftan, since ;

from sib\ time. See Sithen.
Singular, adj. a single, G 997.

Lat. singular is.
Sith, conj. since, B 484, 814, G

1472; adv. afterwards, C 869.

See below.
Sithen, adv. afterwards, B 1121.

A. S. sififtan, afterwards ; for sift

%dm, since then; where sffi is

from the adj. sz'S, late ; which

from sift, a time. See below.
Sithe, s. pi. times ; ofte sithe, many

times, G 1031. A.S. sfiS, a time.

See Sythe.
Skilful, adj. discerning, B 1038, G

329. Icel. skil, discernment ;

skilja, to separate.
Skilfully, adv. reasonably, with

good reason, G 320. (The M. E.

sTiile often means a reason; see

Gloss. II).
Slee, v. to slay, G 896; Sle, 168;

Sleen, C 846; ger. Sleen, G 481 ;

pr. s. Sleeth, slays, C 676, 754 ;

pr. pi. Sleen, they slay, B 964 ;

pt. s. Slow, slew, B 627, 664,

894. A. S. dean, pt. t. sl6h, pp.

slagen, to strike, slay.
Sleighte, s. dat. craft, skill, G 867 ;

pi. Sleightes, devices, 773, 976.

Icel. slcegft, slyness ; sl&gr, sly.
Sleue, s. sleeve, G 1224, 1231.

A. S. slef, a sleeve.
Slewthe, s. sloth, B 530; Slouthe,

0258. A.S. slavJS, sloth; from

slaw, slow.
Slit, p. s. slides (contr. from slideth),

G 682. A. S. slidan. See Slyd-

Slogardye, 5. sloth, sluggishness,

G 17. ' Shigge , deses, segnis;'

Prompt. Parv.
Slough, s. mud, mire, H 64. A. S.

sloh, a slough, hollow place.
Slouthe, s. sloth, G 258. See

Slow, />/. s. slew, B 627, 664, 894.

See Slee.
Sluttish, adj. slovenly, G 636.

Cf. Du. slodder, a sloven ; slod-

dering, slovenly ; slodderen, to

hang loosely about.
Slyding, adj. unstable, slippery, G

732. See Slit.
Smart, adj. brisk (said of a fire),

G 768. The word smart, sb., is

properly used of a sudden pain.
Smert, s. smart, pain, G 712. Du.

smart (O. Du. smerf), painfulness ;

cf. G. schmerz.
Smert e, I p. pi. pres. subj. may

smart, may suffer, G 871. Cf.

Du. smarten, to give pain.
Smot, pt. s. smote, struck, B 669 ;

Smoot, C 677. A. S. smitan, to

smite ; pt. t. ic smdt.
Snare, s. snare, B 571, H 77.

Icel. snara, a twisted cord, a

S 2


snare ; Swed. mara, a snare ; cf.

Icel. snara, to twist tightly.
Snow-whyte, adj. white as snow,

G 254.
Socour, s. succour, help, B 664.

O. F. socors, help; from Lat.

Sodeyn, adj. sudden, B 421. O. F.

sodain, Lat. snbitanens, sudden ;

from sitbihts, sudden, which from

subire ; from sub, under, and ire,

to go.
Softe, adj. gentle, slow, B 399 ;

adv. softly, tenderly, 275. A. S.

soft, G. sanft, soft, mild.
Softely, adv. gently, quietly, G

Soiourned, pp. sojourned, dwelt,

B 148, 536. O. F. soiorner, to

dwell ; from Lat. swft, and diur~

nare, to delay, formed from

diurnus, daily; which from dies,

a day.
Sol, Sol (the sun), G 826. Lat.


Solempne, adj. magnificent, illus-
trious, B 387. O. F. ' solempne,

cl%bre, de grande reputation,

illustre ; ' Roquefort. Lat. solen-

Solempnely, adv. with pomp,

solemnly, B 317, 399, 691, G

Som, pron. indef. one, a certain

man, G 922; som shrewe is =

some one (at least) is wicked,

995. A. S. som, sttm, some.
Someres, s. gen. summer's, B 554.

A.S. sumer.
Somme, s. sum, G 1364; pi.

Sommes, 675. F. somme, Lat.


Somtym, adv. sometimes, G 949.
Bond, s. sand, B 509. A. S. sond,

Sondo, 5. sending, message, B 388,

1049 ; dispensation of providence,

visitation, 760, 826; trial, 902 ;

message (or messenger), G 525.

A. S. sand, a message, sending,

missicTn ; also, a messenger ;

send an, to send.

Sone, adv. soon, B 769, C 609.
Sonne, 5. sun, G 52. A. S. snnne,

Icel. sunna, G. sonne ; all feminine.
Sooth., adj. true ; used as adv.

truly, C 636. A. S. sdft, true ;

cognate with Gk. Tos (Curtius).
Sorwe, s. sorrow, grief, B 264,

1035. A. S. sorg, sorrow.
Sory, adj. ill, C 876 ; miserable, H

55. A.S. sdrigt sore, wounded ;

from A. S. sdr, a sore ; not from

sorh, sorrow.
Sote, adj. def. sweet, G 91, 229,

247, 251. Icel. s<etr, Du. zoet,

Goth, suts, sweet. Cf. A. S. swete,

Soth, adj. true, B 169, 842. See

Soth, s. true, B 1072, C 370;

Sothe, G 662 (see note). A.S.

sdff, truth ; from sdft, true.
Sother, adj. comp. truer, G 214.

See Sooth.
Sothfastnesse, s. truth, G 335,

I 45 I I 33- A.S. sdftfcestnes,

Sotilte, s, craft, skill, lit. subtlety,

G 1371. From O. F. subtiliteit,

which from Lat. ace. subtilitatem.
Sotted, adj. besotted, befooled, G

1341. O. F. sot, foolish; Low

Lat. sottus ; of uncertain origin.
Souereyn, adj. sovereign, chief, B

276, 1089 ; as sb., master, G 590.

O.F. soverain, Low Lat. snper-

anns, one who is above ; from

super, above.
Soughte, pt. s. subj. should search,

were to search, were to examine,

C 488. A. S. secan, to seek ; pt.

t. ic sdhte.
Soun, s. sound, B 563. F. son,

Lat. ace. sonum.
Southren, adj. Southern, I 42.

A. S. siiti, south ; s&fterne, south-


Sowdan, s. Sultan, B 177. F.

soudan, O. F. soldan, Low Lat.

soldanus ; from Turkish sultan.
Sowdanesse, s. Sultaness, B 358,

Sowed, pp. sewn, G 571. A. S.

siwian, suwan, to sew, stitch ;

Goth, siujan.
Sowen, v. to sow, I 35. A.S.

sdwan, to sow seed.
Sowled, pp. endued with a soul, G

329. A. S. sdwul, soul, life.
Space, s. opportunity, I 64. From

Lat. spatium.
Spede, subj. s. may prosper, B 259 ;

pp. Sped, prospered, accomplished,

G 357. A. S. sp6dan, to succeed ;

sped, success, speed.
Speedful, adj. advantageous, B


Spekestow, spenkcst thou, G 473.
Spending-siluer, s. silver to

spend, money in hand, G 1018.
Spicerye, 5. mixture of spices, B

136, C 544. O. F. etpisce, espece,

spice ; from a peculiar use of the

Lat. species, a kind.
Spille, v. to perish, die, B 587,

815, 910; I p. s. pr. subj. may

I die, 285 ; pp. Spilt, killed, 857.

A. S. spillan, to destroy.
Spirites, s. pi. the (four) spirits in

alchemy, G 820. See note.
Spitte, pr. s. i p. I spit, C 421.

A. S. spittan, Icel. spy (a ; from

the same root as Lat. spuere.
Spoke,//. spoken, G 689. A.S.

sprecan, to speak ; at a later

period altered to specan. The r

is still retained in Du. spreken, G.

Spones, s. pi. spoons, C 908. A.S.

spdn, a chip of wood.
Spouted, pp. spouted, vomited, B

487. A Low German word; cf.

Du. spuiten, to spout, to squirt.
Spreynd, pp. sprinkled, B 422.

The infin. is springen (see Gloss.

II.) ; from A. S. spreugan, to

make to spring, to scatter, pp.
sprenged; cf. Du. sprengen, to

Squames, s. pi. scales, G 759.
Lat. squama, a scale, a small

Stal, pt. s. refl. stole away, secretly
retreated, C 610. A. S. stelan, to
steal ; pt. t. ic steel.

Stampe, pr. pi. stamp, bray in a
mortar, C 538. Icel. stampa, to
push with the foot ; Swed. stampa,
to pound, beat.

Stant, pr. s. standeth (contracted
form}, B 618, 651, 1055, G 173,
Hi. A.S. standan-, pr. s. he
stent. From the same root as Lat.
stare, Skt. sthd, to stand. See

Starf, pt. s. died, B 283, 633.
A. S. steorfan, to die ; pt. t. ic
star/, stcarf; cf. Du. sterven, to
die ; G. sterben.

Stere, s. (i) pilot, helmsman, B
448; (2) rudder, 833. (i) A.S.
steora, a steersman, pilot; (2)
Icel. styri, a helm, rudder ; A. S.
steorn, a rudder.

Sterelees, adj. rudderless, B 439.
See above.

Sterlinges, 5. pi. pence of sterling
money, C 907. Sterling is a
corruption of Esterling, an Easter-
ling;, a name given to German
traders, whose money was of
excellent quality.

Sterres, s. pi. stars, B 192. A. S.
steorra ; cf. Lat. stella (i. e. ster-
ula), a little star; Skt. tdra (for
star a), a star.

Sterte, v. to start, pass away, B
335 ; pr. pi. start, rise quickly, C
705. Cf. Du. storten, to plunge,
fall, rush ; G. sturzen, to dash.

Sterue, v. to die, C 865 ; die of
famine, 451 ; I p. pi. pr. subj.
may die, G 420. See Starf.

Stiked, pt. s. stuck, B 509; pp.
stabbed, 430 ; a stiked swyn - a



stuck pig. C 556. A. S. stlcian,

to stab, pierce.
Stikke, s. stick, G 1265, 1271.

A.S. sticca.
Stillatorie, 5. still, vessel used in

distillation, G 580. From Lat.

stilla, a drop ; whence stillare, to

fall in drops, distil.
Stinte, v. to leave off, desist, cease

to speak, B 953; to cease, G

883 ; pr. s. subj. may cease, B

413 ; imp. s. leave off, cease, G

927. A. S. stint an, to be blunt.
Stire, v. to stir, move, C 346. A. S.

Stonde, v. to stand, B 1050 ; ger.

G 203; pr. s. Stondeth, stands,

C 645 ; pt. pi. Stode, stood, B

176; Stoden, 678; imp. pi.

Stondeth, stand ye, G 1205. See

Stoor, s. store, farm-stock, C 365.

From O. F. estorer, to furnish ;

from a Lat. staurare, seen in

comp. instaurare, to repair, and

restaiirare, to re-store.
Storie, s. story, legend, G 86. A

doublet of history.
Storuen, pt. pi. died, C 888. See

Stounde, s. hour, short time, B

1021. A. S. stund t a space of

Stoupe, ger. to stoop, G 1311;

imp. pi. Stoupeth, stoop ye, 1327.

A. S. stupian, Orosius, vi. 24 ;

cf. Swed. stupa, to fall.
Straw, inter j. a straw! G 925.

A. S. stredw, Icel. strd. See

Strayte, s. strait, B 464. O. F.

estreit, narrow; Lat. strictus.

Strait and strict are doublets.
Stree, s. straw, B 701. O. Friesic

stre t stree, straw. See Straw.
Stronger, adj. comp. stronger, C

825. A. S. strong, strong; comp.

Strogelest, pr. s. 2 p. struggles!, G

829. ' Strogolyn, strobelyn, or
toggyn, colluctor ; ' Prompt. Parv.

Stroiide, 5. strand, shore, B 825.
A. S. strand, Du. strand, a shore.

Style, s. stile, gate to climb over,
C 712. A.S. stigel, dimin. of
stig, a path ; from stlgan, to
climb. Du. stijl, a style ; stijgen,
to climb.

Styward, s. steward, B 914. A. S.
stige, a sty, pen for cattle, and
iveard, a keeper; cf. Icel. stivarftr,
from stia, a sty; but the Icel.
word seems to have been borrowed
from English.

Subieccioun, s. subjection, obedi-
ence, B 270.

Sublymed, pp. sublimed, sublimat-
ed, G 774. Lat. sublimare, to
raise ; from sublimis, exalted.
' Sublimate, to bring by heat into
the state of vapour, which, on
cooling, returns again to the solid
state ; ' Webster.

Sublyming, s. sublimation, G

Sublymatories, s. pi. vessels for
sublimation, G 793. See Sub-

Substaunce, s. the essential part
of a thing, the thing itself, C 539.
See the note. Lat. substantia.

Subtilte, s. skill, craft, G 844;
Subtilitee, subtlety, craft, secret
knowledge, 620. See Sotilte.

Suburbes, s. pi. suburbs, G 657.
From Lat. sub, and urbs, a town,

Successour, 5. successor, follower,
B 421. From Lat. succedere.

Suffisant, adj. able, sufficient, B
243, C 932. F. snffisant, pres.
pt. of suffire, Lat. sufficere.

Superfluitee, s. superfluity, excess,
C 471, 528. Lat. super, beyond,
fluere t to flow.

Surplys, s. surplice, G 558. F.
surplis, Low Lat. superpellicium,
from super, over, pellicium, a coat
of fur ; from pellis, a skin.



Susteene, v. to sustain, uphold,

preserve, B 1 60. Lat. sustinere.
Suster, 5. sister, G 333. A. S.

sweostor,swustor', cf. G. schwester,

Lat. soror (for sos-or).
Swap, imp. s. strike off, G 366.

Cf. swoop, sweep.
Swatte, pt. s. sweated, G 560. See

Sweigh, s. sway, motion, B 296.

Cf. Icel. sveigja, to sway ; Du.

zwaai, a turn, swing ; Du. zwaai}-

en, to swing.
Swerd, s. sword, G 168. A. S.

sweord, Du. zwaard.
Swering, s. swearing, C 631. A. S.

swerian, to swear.
Swete, ger. to sweat, G 522; v.

579^; pt. s. Swatte, 560. A. S.

swcelan; from swat, sweat.
Swete, adj. sweet, H 42. A. S.

swete. See Sote.
Swich, adj. such, B 146, G 719,

1402. A. S. swylc, Goth, swaleiks,

lit. so-like.
Swink, s. labour, G 730. A. S.

swine, toil.
Swinke, v. to labour, G 669 ; ger.

to labour, toil, C 874; pr. pi.

gain by labour, work for, G 21.

A. S. swincan, to toil.
Swolwe, v. to swallow, H 36.

A. S. swelgan.
Sworen, pt. pi. swore, B 344 ; pp.

Sworn, i. e. sworn to do it, G 68 1.

A. S. swerian, to swear ; pt. t. ie

Swote, s. dat. sweat, G 578. A. S.

Swowned, pt. s. swooned, B 1058.

Cf. A. S. swindan, to languish ;

pt. t. ic swand, pp. swvnden.
Swythe, adv. quickly, B 730, C

796 ; as swythe = as quickly as

possible, B 637, G 936, 1426.

A. S. swift, strong, great ; swifte,

greatly, very ; Goth, swinths, Icel.

svinnr, strong.
Sy, pt. s. saw, G 1381. See Seye.

Syketh, p. s. sigheth, sighs, B

985 ; pt. s. Syghle, sighed, 1035.

A. S. sican, to sigh.
Sythe, s. pi. times, B 733, 1155.

A. S. sift, a time, Icel. sinni, Goth.

si nth.
Syve, 5. sieve, G 940. A. S. sife,

Du. zeef t zift, a sieve.


Table, s. board ; at table = at
board, i. e. entertained as a
lodger, G 1015. F. table, Lat.

Tabyde, contr. for to abide, B

Tacord, for to accord, i. e. to

agreement, H 98.
Take, v. to give, deliver over,

present, G 223; 2 p. s. pr.

Takestow, i. e. takest thou, 435 ;

imp. pi. Taketh, take ye, H 41 ;

pp. Take, taken, B 769, G 605.

Icel. taka ; cf. Goth, tekan.
Talent, s. desire, appetite, C 540.

Cotgrave gives *will, desire, ap-
petite,' as meanings of F. talent.

From Lat. talentum.
Talking, s. discourse, G 684.

Of Scand. origin.

Tamenden, ger. to amend, B 462.
Tanoyen, (for to anoyen) v. to

annoy, to injure, B 492.
Tarien, v. to tarry, B 983. O. F.

targier, to delay ; confused with

A. S. tirgan, to vex.
Tartre, s. tartar, 6813. F. tar Ire,

Low Lat. tartarum. * An acid

concrete salt, deposited from

wines when perfectly fermented ;

. . . when in the crude state, it

is much used as a flux in the

assaying of ores ; ' Webster.
Tassoille, contr. for toassoille, i.e.

to absolve, C 933.
Taste, imp. s. feel, G 503. See

the note.



Tauerner, 5. innkeeper, C 685.
From Lat. taberna.

Teche, v. to teach, G 343. A. S.
tacan, to shew, point out ; cf.
E. token ; Gk. Seifcvwai, to

Telle, ger. to tell, relate, B 408.
A. S. tellan, to count, tell ; G.
zahlen, erz'dhlen.

Tempred, pp. tempered, G 926.
To temper is to adjust or moderate
the heat at which a thing is
melted. Lat. temperare.

Temps, 5. tense; futur temps,
future tense, futurity, time to
come, G 875. See the note.

Tenspyre, for to enspire, i. e. to
inspire, G 1470.

Terme, 5. term; in terme, in set
terms or phrases, C 311 ; pi.
Termes, set terms, pedantic ex-
pressions, G 1398; terme of his
lyue, all his life-time, 1479.

Terve, Terued; see Torned.

Testes, s. pi. vessels for assaying
metals (Tyrwhitt), G 818. A
vessel called a * testa ' is figured
in Theatrum Chemicum, iii. 326.
See Test in Wedgwood or Web-

Textual, adj. literal, keeping strict-
ly to the letter of the text, 157.
Lat. textum, textus (from texere),
a weaving ; also, a composition, a
subject for discourse.

Teyne, s. a thin plate of metal, G
1225, 1229 ; pi. Teynes, 1332,
1337. Lat. t<znia, Gk. raivia, a
band, fillet, riband, strip; from
Tfivciv, to stretch; Skt. tan, to

Than, than ; er than, sooner than,
before, G 899.

Tharray, for the array, B 393.

Thassemblee, contr. from the
assemblee, the assembly, B 403.

That, co;i/. as, as well as, B 1036 ;
rel. pron. = with reference to
whom, G 236. That oon, the

one, B 551. A. S. JXB/, neut. of
def. art. ; cf. Sanskrit tad.

Thee, v. to thrive, prosper, G 641.
A. S. ]>e6n, to prosper, flourish, G.
gedeihen. See below.

Theech, contr. from thee ich, i. e.
may I thrive, C 947, G 929. See

Theffect, for the effect, result, B
893, G 1261.

Theme, s. text, thesis of a sermon,
C 333. Lat. thema, Gk. 0>a, a
subject for discussion ; from ri-

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