Geological Survey of Canada.

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the production of this ore, from which the silver is obtained, has
decreased very largely during the past few years, hence the resultant
lessening in the output of silver.



Ontario.



British
Columbia.



Ontario.

The silver mines of this province have been idle for the past four
years, but in the autumn of 1897, preparations were being made to
resume operations at several of the mines in the Thunder Bay district
on Lake Superior. No actual mining was done during the year and
the small production reported came from ore taken from the old dumps.

British Columbia.

British Columbia contributed over 98 per cent of the total silver
output of the Dominion in 1897, and the increase in production over
the previous year was 2,237,628 ounces or 74-5 per cent. A reference
to the table will show that previous to 1893, the yearly production
was considerably less than 100,000 ounces. Since that, however, the
yearly increases have been constant and rapid.

In 1897, the Slocan division supplied 66*5 per cent and Nelson
17*5 per cent of the output. The number of ounces contributed by
the various districts and sub-divisions is given below : —

District. Oimoes.

Kootenay East 116,657

Kootenay West : —

Ainsworth division 524,578

Nelson 961,124

Slocan 3,641,287

Trail Creek 110,068

Other 116,657

Yale :~

Osoyoos division 1,174

Other districts 1,426



5,472,971



In the Ainsworth division, increased activity has been shown at
many of the mines and the production has largely increased. The



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MINERAL STATISTICS AND MINING.



193 8



Columbia.



Kootenay Air Supply Company are installing a Taylor air- compressor Pbboigus
plant at the mouth of Krao Creek which is expected to generate about ^^^^
500 h.p. The air will be transmitted in a 9-inch main, under 90 lbs.
pressure, to the mines.

The Nelson division has shown considerable progress during the Silver,
year, and development has been prosecuted with good results on a
number of claims, including Yomir, Porto Rico, Fern, Dundee,
Athabasca, and others. At the Hall Mines, the Hallidie tramway
which was erected to carry ore from the mines to the smelter is reported
to be working well. This ropeway is the longest in British Columbia, British
and one of the most important of its kind on the continent. It is
23,797 feet long (4^ miles) and in that distance has a fall of over 4,000
feet. It is constructed in two sections : the upper one 10,300 feet long,
with a fall of 1,620 feet is in the storm belt, where snow falla to a
depth of 20 feet in places and the wind is very violent. The lower
section is 13,500 feet long, with a fall of 2,400 feet. This is in a
milder climate and relatively free from great depth of snow.

During the year 1897 the ropeway conveyed from the mines to the
smelting works 49,540 tons of ore.

The company has decided to increase the capacity to 100,000 tons
per annum, by increasing the size of the ore carriers, at a compara-
tively small outlay.

The most important of the silver producing divisions is the Slocan,
in which there are now over 30 shipping mines, seven of which are
paying dividends. The increase in the production of this division in
1897 over 1896, was 1,687,029 ounces, or 86-3 per cent.

The following tables based on the Report of the Minister of
Mines for the province, give the production and the average yield per
ton of the Slocan division for the past three years :

Nkt Production pbr SMEtTBR Returns.



Year.


Tons,
2,000 Ibe.


Silver,
oz.


Lead,
Ibe.


Gold,
oz.


Values.


1895

1896


9,514
16,560
33,676


1,122,770
1,954,258
8,641,287


9,666,324
18,175,074
30,707,705


6
152
193


$1,045,600
1,854,011
3,280,686


1897

Totals*


59,650


6,718,315


58,549,103


aoi


$6,180,297



13



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194 8



Pbboious
Metals.

Silver.

British
Columbia.



GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF CANADA.

Actual Yield Values per Ton.



Year.


Silver.


Lead.


Value.

$109-90

111 95

97-71


1895

1896

■ 1897


llSOoz.
1180 "
108-5 "


50.8%
54-9|
-*5-7%

49 1%


, For 59,650 tons


112 6 oz.


$103 60



Tho following Table, No. 9, gives the exports of silver ores as
entered in the Customs Department. In comparing these figures with
those of Table 8, it must be borne in mind that whilst practically all
the silver-bearing products of the country are exported, the basis of
valuation in the two tables is different.* With the exception probably
of the figures for 1896 and 1897, the valuation in the entries for
exports is that of the spot value of the metal in the ore, etc., whilst in
Table 8, the valuation, uniformly with that adopted for the other
metallic products, is the final market vcJue of the silver contents.

It will be noted also that the values of the exports in the two last
years are higher than those given for the production, a discrepancy
which there is no means of explaining.

Table 9.

Precious Metals.

Silver :— Exports of Ore.



Provinces.


Calendar Years.


1891.


1892.


1898.


1894.


1895. 1896. 1897.


Ontario

Quebec*


$

222,071


$

35,992


$

7,878


$


100:


5,885;






Manitoba


80
20,616


820
204,997








British Columbia.


3,241


359,731


994,254j 2,271,959
994,354, 2,271,959


3,570,506


225,312


56,688


213,695


359,731


3,676,891



I ii* The production of silver g^ven under the heading Quebec, in Table 8, repreflents
the amount of that metal in the ijyritous copper ores produced and exported from
that province. Beinpr tfut in small proportion it is ignored and does not appear under
the heading Silver in the export returns.

PYRITES.

Under this heading are comprisexl the minerals which are mined as
ores of sulphur and for the manufacture of sulphuric acid. In many cases



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MINERAL STATISTICS AND MINING.



195 S



however, the by-products, consisting of copper and silver, are extracted PYRmts.
with great profit. The deposits worked so far, consist of chalcopyrite Quebec,
and iron-pyrites, or a mixture of both minerals. The most important
deposits of pyrites at present worked in the Dominion are those of the
" Eastern Townships " of the province of Quebec. These are situated
in the township of Ascot, in the vicinity of Capelton, and occur in the
pre-Cambrian rocks of that district. The ore is a mixture of the two
sulphides above mentioned and carries an average of 3 to 4 per
cent of copper and 42 per cent of sulphur, besides three to four ounces
of silver.

Descriptions of these deposits have been given in the Annual
Reports of the Survey for 1887-88. s., 1838-89 k. and in the Journal
of the Mining Association of the province of Quebec, volumes I and
II. They are worked by the Nichols Chemical Co., and the Eustis
Mining Co. The greater part of the output of the mines is shipped to
the United States as raw ore, and only a small portion is treated in
Canada for the manufacture of sulphuric acid.

Another important deposit of sulphur ore was opened in 1897 near Ontario.
Schreiber station on the Canadian Pacific Railway, north of Lake
Superior. The operators are the Davies Sulphur Ore Co., of New
York. The ore is iron-pyrites. The whole of the output, which in
August 1897 amounted to about 500 tons on the dump, is to be ship-
ped to the United States. (Ont. Bureau of Mines Rep., 1897.)

Table 1.
Ptbtfes.
Annual PRODUcmoN. Production.



Calendar Year.




1886 t 42,906

1887 i 38,043

1888 1 63,479

1889 72,225

1890 ' 49,227

1891 ' 67,731

1892 59,770

1893 ! 68,542

1894 ; 40,527

18i)5 t 34,198

1896 i 33,715

1897 ! 38,910

I



$

193,077
171,194
285,656
307,292
123,067
203,193
179,310
175,626
121,581
102,594
101,156
116,730



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Pyrites.

Imports of
BrimstoDe.



GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF CANADA.

Table 2.

Pyrites.

Imports.— Brimstone and Crude Sulphur.



Fiscal Year


Pounds.


Value.


1880




$27,401
33,956
40,329
36,737
37,463
35,043
43,651
38.750
25.318
34,006
44,276
46,351
67,095
77.216
61,658
56,965
63,973
87,719


1881

1882

1883

1884


1885

1886

1887


1888

1880


1800 '....

1801


1802


1893


1894


1895

1896

1897*





• Brimstone, crude, or in roll or flour, and sulphur in
roll or flour.



Salt. SALT.

Returns of production of salt in 1897 were received from twelve
operators in Ontario and one in New Brunswick, the total output
amounting to 51,348 tons, valued at $225,730 or an average value per
ton of 84.40. Compared with 1896, when the production was 43,960
tons, valued at $160,455, or $3.86 per ton, 1897 shows an increase of
7,388 tons or 16*8 per cent and $56,037 or 33 per cent

Practically all the production is from the Ontario fields. The few
tons produced in New Brunswick come from the Sussex Salt Works in
the parish of Cardwell, Kings county, and is mostly sold locally along
the Intercolonial Railway.

The statistics of production, exports and imports are given in the
following tables.

The imports amount to about twice the Canadian production and
the consumption in the country for the past seven years has averaged
about 150,000, tons a year.



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MINERAL STATISTICS AND MINING.



197 S



6^



1886



1887



1888



1890



1891



1892



1893



1894



1895



1896



1897



Ton«. Value.
62,a59



60,178



59,070



82,832



43,754



45,021



45,486



62,324



57,199



52,876



$227,195



366,394



185,460



129,547



198,857



161,179



162,041



195,926



170,687



160,455



43^960



169,698



51,348



226,730



Salt.
Production.



Annual Prodhotion.
Xay>le A..



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198 8



GKOLOOICAL SURVEY OP CANADA.



Salt.
Exports, ft




BuBhels.



467,&41

343,208

181,768

199,783

167,029

246,794

224,943

154,046

15,261

8,557

6,605

5,290

2,000

4,940

4,639

4,865

3,842



Value,



"I



$46,211
44,627
18,350
19,492
15,291
18,756



11,526

3,987

2,390

1,667

1,277

604

1,267

1,120

959

899

1,193



Imports.



Table 2.

Salt.
Imports. Salt Patino Duty.



Fiscal Year.



Pounds. Value.



1880..

lasl. .

1882..

1883..

1884..

1885..

1886..

1887..

1888..

1889..

1890..

1891..

1892.

1893..

1894..

1895. .

1896..



rSalt, coarse, N.E.S

1897 -^ Salt, fine, jn bulk...,

tSalt, N.E.S., in bags, barrels or other packagef>. .



Total.



[)
5
5

B

I
1
B
9
B

7

i

8,498,404
7,665,257



2,779,310
2,167,960
6,964,496



11,911,766



$3,916

6,366

12,318

36,223



31,726
39,181
36,670
32,136
38,968
67,549
69,311
66,963
79,838
53,336
29,881
24,550



4,748

.%346

25,376



$33,470



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MINERAL STATISTICS AND MINING.

Tablk 3.

Salt.

Imports. Salt not Paying Duty.



199 8



Salt.
Imports.



FiflflHl Year.


Poiinds.


Value.


1880


212,714,747
231,640,610
166,183,962
246,747,113
226,390,121
171,671,209
180,206,949
203,012,332
184,166.986
180,847,800
158,490,075
195,491,410
201,a^,217
191,596,630
196,668,730
201,691,248
206,006,100
216,844,484


$400,167
488,278
311,489
386,144
321,243
266,719
255,369
285,466
220,976
253,009
252,291
321,239
314,995
281,462
828,300
332,711
338,888
812,117


1881


1882.


1883


1884.

1885.

1886


1887


1888.


1889


1890.


1891

1892.


1893

1894


1895

1896


1897*



* Salt, imported from the United Kingdom, or any British possession, or imported
for the use of the sea or grulf fisheries.



STRUCTURAL MATERIALS.



SrauoioBAL
Matsbials.



Under this heading are comprised building stone, granites, marbles,
slates, flagstones, plasters, cements, lime, etc., as well as the man-
ufactures of clay which include building bricks, tiles, drain-pipes,
earthenware and coarse pottery.

The industries based on the structural materials are so widespread
and are carried on in so many different places, on various scales and
often intermittently that it is impossible to obtain anything like com-
plete returns of quantity or value of the products. The figures of
production are, therefore, to be taken only as rough approximations.



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200 8



GEOLOGICAL SURVKY OP CANADA.



Stbdctural
Materials

Building
Stone.



Table 1.

Structural Materials.

Prodlctiok of Buildiko Stone.



Calendar Year.


Value.


1886


$ 642,509

552,267

641,712

913,691

964,783

708,736

609,827

1,100,000

1,200,000

1,095,000

1,000,000

1,000,000


1887.


1888


1889


1890

1891

1892

1893 ,. .

18J>4...


1895

1896

1897



Table 2.

Structural I^trrials.

Exports ok Stone and Marble, Wrought and Unwrouoht.



ProvinceH.


Who


itJirr.


UxwROUr.HT.


Calf luiar Years.


1897.


1890.


1897. . 1K96.


Ontario


$3,367
931
6.36


$2,478 1 $16,599

5,aS9

880 8,623

150 7,675

18


$28,106 '

9,134'

4,793
1


Quebec..

^ ova Scotia


New Brunswick


British Columbia




Totals


$4,934


S'J,415 «32.897


$42,084









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MINERAL STATISTICS AND MINING.



201 S





Table 3.

Stbcctcral Materials.

Imports op Building Stone.




Structural
Materials.

Building


Fiscal Year.


Value.


Stone.


1880

1881

1882

1883


$35,970
58,149
33,623
35,061
51,088
30,491
41,675
54,368
86,373
100,314
132,155
170,890
95,550
56,510
52,908
44,282
54,130




1884

1885..




1886 .






1887..






1888..






1889..






1890..
1891..


. . •




1892..






1893 .






1894 .






1895




1896








1897 -


Flagstones, granite and rough freestone, sandstone, and all
building stone, except marble from the quarry, not ham-
mered or chiselled


$27,442

11,272

$38,714




Granite and freestones, dressed; all other building stone
dressed, except marble





Table 4.

Structural Materials.

Imports of Manufactures of Stone or Granite, N.E.S.



j Fiscal Year.


Value.


1880


$29,408
36,877
37,267
45,636
45,290
39,867
41,984
41,829
47,487
61,341
84,396
61,051
39,479
49,323
49,510
61,050
51,499
34,026


1881

1882


1883


1884


1885.

1886


1887


1888

1889

1890

1891.

1892


1893.

1894

1895

1896

1897....



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GEOLOGICAL SUBVBT OF CANADA.



Structural
Materials.

Marble.



Marble : — Various limestones having qualities entitling them to^^be-
ranked as marble are known to ooour throughout Canada. However, as
evidenced by the figures given in Table 5 below, the marble quarrying
and manufacturing industry has never assumed large proportions, and
of late years it has decidedly languished.



Table 5.
Structural Materials.
Annual Production of Marble.



Calendar Year.


Tons.

1


1
Value,


1886

1887

1888


501
242
1 191
83
780
240
340
590

NU.
200
224

Nil.


$9,900
6,224
3,100


1889

1890

1891

1892

1893


980 1

10,776

1,752

3,600

5.100

Nil.

2,000

2.405

NiL


1894


1896

1896

1897





Comparing Table No. 5 with No. 6 below it will be seen thatf the
value of the imported stone entirely over-shadows that of the produc-
tion of the home article.



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203 8



Table 6.

Stbugtural Materuls.

Imports op Marble.



Fiscal Year.



1880..
1881..
1882..
1883..
1884..
1885..
1886,.
1887..
1888..
1889..
1890..
1891..



1893.
1894.
1895
1896.



1897 -



Marble and manufactures of :—

Blocks or slabs, sawn on not more than two sides .

II II more than two sides

Finished

Manufactures, N.KS

Rough blocks



Total marble and manufactures of.



Steuotural
Materials.

Marble.



Value.



$ 63,016

86,977

109,606

128,620

108,771

102,836

117,762

104,250

94,681

118,421

99,353

107,661

106,268

96,177

94,657

83,422

90,065



918,680

30,009

6,205

20,414

1,842



177,160



Grcmite : — Under this heading would be included in trade terms,
much stone such as gneiss, syenite, etc., which would not be lithologically
classed under that heading.

Table 7.
Structural Materlai£.
Annual Produotion op Granite. Granite.



Calendar Year.


Tons.


I
Value.


1886

1887

1888

1889

1890

1891

1892


6,062
21,217
21,352
10,197
13.307
13,637
24,802
22,621
16,392
19,238
18,717
10,346


$63,309

142,606

147,305

79,624

65,985

70,056

89,326

94,393

109,936

84,838

106,709

61,934


1893

1 1894

1895


1 1896

1897

1



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204 8



QEOLOOICAL SURVEY OP CANADA.



strictural
Materials.



Slate.



From the figures given in Table 7, above, will be seen that the
industry has been continuously carried on for the twelve years covered,
the value of the product ranging from about $62,000 to nearly $148,000,

For 1897, returns were received as follows from the different pro-
viaces : — In Nova Scotia, 5 operators contributed about 20 per cent
to the total production ; New Brunswick, over 40 per cent with 6
operators ; Quebec about 28 per cent with 4 operators, the bsJance
being contributed by British Columbia.

Slate : — The production of this article, as shown in Table 8, below, has
steadily fallen off since 1893, being in 1897 less than half what it was
in the former year and about one third the value of the production in
1889, the best year in the period for which figures are given.



Table 8.

Structural Materials.

Annual Production op Slate.


Calendar Year.


Tons.


Value.


1886

1887

1888

1889


5.345
7,357
5,314
6,935
6,368
5,000
5,180
7,112


$64,675
89.000
90.689
119,160
100,250
65,000
69,070


1890

1891


1892


1893


90.825


1894


75,550
68,900
53,370


1895




1896




1897




42,800



The main work done in exploiting the slate resources of the country
was at the old quarries in Richmond county, Quebec, whilst a small
quantity was sold by the Westminster Slate Co., in British Columbia,
from stock in hand, their quarries having been idle. Recent efforts
made with some success to develop an export trade in slate from the
United States to Great Britain, appear to show th^t something of the
same kind should be possible in the case of the excellent slates of
Quebec.



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MINERAL STATISTIC8 AND MINING.



205 8



Tablk 9.

Structural Materials.

Exports of Slatb.



Calendar Year.


Tons.


Value.


1884

1885

1886

1887

1888

1889

1890

1891


539

346

34

27

22

26

12

15

87

178

187

36

301

Nil.


$6,845

5,274

495

373

476 1

3,303

153

195

2,038

3,168

3,610

574


1892

1893


1894


1895


1896

1897





Structural
Materials.

Slate.



Table 10.

Structural Materials.

Imports of Slate.



Fiscal Year.


Value.


1880..




121,431
22,184
24,543
24,968
28,816
28,169
27.852
27,845
28,151
41,370
22.871
46,104
50,441
61,179
29,267
19,471
24,176


1881 .
1882..






1883

1884


1885 - -.


1886..
1887..






1888....


1889

18W


18;)1 - . - . - -


1892..
1893 .
1894..
1895..








1896


18^ •


Slate and manufactures of—

Mantels

Roofing slate, black or blue

II red, green or other colour

School writing slates .

Slate pencils

Slate of all kinds and manufactures of, N.E.S

Total


$ 14
3,624
1,408
6,715
8,052
6,802


$21,615



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QEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF CANADA.



Sthuotubal
Matkbiaus.

Flagstone.



Flagstone : — The figures given below in Table 11, for 1897, repre-
sent smcJl quantities of this material produced at Bishop's Crossing, in
Wolfe county, Quebec, and at Merriton, in Lincoln county, Ontario.
There is nothing special to note about the industry.



Table 11.
Structural Materials.
Production op Flagstone.



Calendar Year.



Quantity,
Sq. ft.



Value.



1886..

1887.

1888..

1889.

1890..

1891..

1892..

1893. .

1894..

1895..

1896..

1897.



70,000

116,000

. 64,800

14,000

17,866

27,300

13,700

40,500

152,700

80,005



f 7,875
11,600
6,580
1,400
1,643
2,721
1,869
3,487
5,298
6,687
6,710
7,190



Table 12.
Structural Materials.
Imports op Flagstone.



FiRcal Year.


Tons.


Value.


1881


23

90

10

137

205

1,602

1,316

2,642

1,669

5,665

3,770

l,5n

884

218

15

Nil.

13


1
$ 241 ,


1882

1883

1884


848 1

99 1

1,168

1,756

9,443

10,966

21,077

15,451

48,995

36,348

15,048

8,500

2,429

84

Nil

227


1885

1886


1887

1888

1889


1890

1891


1892

1893

1894


1895


1896

1897*



^ Flagstones, dressed.



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MINERAL STATISTICS AND MININO.



207



Cement.



Cement : — Returns were received from nine manufacturers of cement Stbdctcral
all of whom, with the exception of one in British Columbia, are "^terials.
located in Ontario and Quebec. Of the total value of the product
Ontario contributed about 87 per cent, the balance being due to Quebec
and British Columbia.

The product is classified under the headings of Natural and Portland
Cements. In the grand total the latter constituted 58 per cent of the
weight and 76 per cent of the value.



Table 13.

Structural Materials.

Annual Production op Cement.



Calendar Year. Barrels.


Value.


1887


69,843

50,668

90,474

102.216

93,473

117,408

158,597

108,142

128,294

149,090


$ 81,909

35,593

69,790

92,405

108,561

147,663

194,015

144,637

173,675

201,651


1888


1889


1890


1891

1892


im

1894


1895

1896


iftcrr /Natural

^**^\ Portland

Totals


85,450
119,763


65,893
209,380


205,213


275,273



Table 14.

Structural Materials.

Exports of Cement.



Province.






Calendar Years.






1892.


1893.


1894.


1895.


1896.

$484

625

• 219


1897.


Ontario

Quebec

Nova Scotia ....


$399
539


$718

386

68


$339

42

101


$662

30

246


$535
109


Totals....






$938


$1,172


$482


$937


$1,328


$644



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208 8



GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF CANADA.



Structural
Materials.

Cement.



Tablb 15.

Structural Materials.

Ikports of Ceusxt in Bulk or Bag.s.



Fiscal Year.


Bushels.


Value.


1880

1881

1882


65

579

386

1,759

4,626

4,598

6,808

5,421

23,919

32,818

21,065

11.281

14,;^51

12,534

9,027


$ 28

298
86

548
1,236
1,315
1,851
1,419
5,787
10,668
5,443
2,890
3,394
2,909
2,618
2,112
3,672
4,318


1883

1884

1885

1886


1887

1888


1889

1890

IHDI

1892

1893

1894


1895


1890




1897





Table 16.

Structural Materials.

Imports of Hydraulic Cement.



Fiscal Year.



Barrels.



Value.



1880

1881

1882

1883

1884

1885

1886

1887

1888

1889

189)

1891

1892

1893..

1894.

1895

1896 ....

1897 Cement, hydraulic or waterlime.



10,034
7,812
11,945
11,659
8,606
5,613
6,1W
6,160
5,636
5,835
5,440
8.515
2,214
4,896
1,054
5,333
5,688
2,494



io,ao6

7,821

ia,4io

13,756
9,514
5,395
6.028
8.784
7,622
7.467
9,048
6,152
2.782
8,060
985
7,001
8,948
3,987



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MINERAL STATISTICS AND MINING.



209 8



Table 17.

Stbuctubal Materials.

Imports of Portland Cement.



Structural
Materials.

Cement.



Fiscal Year.


Barrels.


Value.


1880




$ 55,774
46,646
66.679
102,537
102,857
111,521
120,398
148,054
177,158

170 406


1881




1882




1883




1884




1885




1886




1887 •.

1888


102,750
122,402
122,273


1889


1890


192,822 313.572
183,728 304,648
187,233 281.fiRS


1891

1892


1893


229,492
224,150
196,281
204,407
210,871


316,179
280,841
242,813
242,409
252,587


1894.

1896.

1896

1897 Portland or Roman





The articles known under the general name of roofing cement, are of
varied composition, but generally consist of mica, soapstone, asbestus
or some such fire-proof material mixed with tarry cementing matter-
In past years small amounts have been manufactured in Canada.



Table 18.

Structural Materials.

Production of Roofing Cement.



Calendar Year.


Tons.


Value.


1890


1,171

1,020

800

951

815

86

Nil.


$6,502

4,810

12,000

5,441

3.978

3,163

430

Nil


1891

1892



Online LibraryGeological Survey of CanadaAnnual report → online text (page 100 of 105)